On This Day in History for April 19

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 133

  • 607 Comet 1P/607 H1 (Halley) approaches within 0.0898 AUs of Earth
  • 1012 Martyrdom of Alphege in Greenwich, London.
  • 1451 Alam Shah of Delhi resigns throne
  • 1524 Pope Clemens VII fires Neth inquisitor-general French Van de Holly
  • 1529 2nd Parliament of Spiers bans Lutheranism
  • 1539 Charles, protestant German monarch, signs Treaty of Frankrfurt
  • 1552 Mauritius of Saksen captures Karel
  • 1591 Chartres surrenders to king Henri IV in France
  • 1619 Theatrum Anatomicum opens in Amsterdam
  • 1713 Emperor Karel VI ends Pragmatic Sanctions
  • 1770 Amsterdam buys Van Aerssens family 1/3 part of Suriname

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1770 British explorer Captain James Cook first sights Australia

Captain/Explorer James Cook
Captain/Explorer
James Cook
  • 1775 Minutemen Capt John Parker orders not to fire unless fired upon
  • 1775 American Revolution begins - Lexington Common, shot "heard round the world"
  • 1775 New England militiamen begin the siege of Boston, hemming in the British army garrison

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1775 Paul Revere, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott are captured by British troops riding from Lexington to Concord, Prescott escapes to warn Concord

American Patriot Paul Revere
American Patriot
Paul Revere

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1782 John Adams secures Dutch Republic's recognition of the United States as an independent government and house he purchased in The Hague, Netherlands became first American embassy.

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • 1810 Venezuela achieves home rule: Vicente Emparan, Governor of the Captaincy General is removed by the people of Caracas and a Junta is installed.
  • 1825 33 patriotic exiles return to Uruguay
  • 1836 Nikolai Gogol's "Revisor" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1837 Cheyney University forms as the Institute for Colored Youth
  • 1839 Treaty of London constitutes Belgium an independent kingdom & Luxembourg a Grand Duchy
  • 1852 California Historical Society forms
  • 1853 Netherlands Van Hall government forms
  • 1861 Baltimore riots-4 soldiers, 9 civilians killed
  • 1861 Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports (Civil War)
  • 1863 Union troops/fleet occupy For Huger, Virginia
  • 1874 Barracks on Alcatraz Island destroyed in fire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Henry Morton Stanley inaugurated in Brussels

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1892 Charles Duryea takes 1st American-made auto out for a spin (Mass)
  • 1896 Herzl's "The Jewish State" is published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 In the Philippines, recently captured insurgent leader Emilio Aguinaldo issues a proclamation advising his countrymen to end their rebellion and use of peaceful means to work with the US toward independence.

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • 1904 Much of Toronto destroyed by fire
  • 1906 Belgian naval education ship Comte The Stain de Naeyer sets sail
  • 1906 SF Earthquake ends killing 452

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1909 Joan of Arc receives beatification by the Roman Catholic Church

French Soldier and National Heroine Joan of Arc
French Soldier and National Heroine
Joan of Arc
  • 1909 A convention with Turkey recognizes Bulgarian independence
  • 1910 Halley's comet seen by naked eye 1st time this trip (Curacao)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 George Bernard Shaw's "Fanny's First Play" premieres in London

  • 1916 "Bing Boys are Here" opens in London
  • 1916 Italians troops conquer Col di Lana at Merano
  • 1916 Alderman Kelly reads the 'Castle Order' to a meeting of Dublin Corporation; this forged document supposedly from Dublin Castle, indicated that there was to be mass arrests of Irish Volunteers to prevent "trouble"
  • 1919 French assembly decides on 8 hour work day
  • 1919 Leslie Irvin of US makes 1st parachute jump & free fall
  • 1921 Funeral of last German Emperoress, Augusta Victoria
  • 1923 New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers
  • 1927 "Vagabond King" opens in London
  • 1928 Japanese troops occupies Sjantung-schiereiland
  • 1928 Yanks are out of 1st place for 1st time since May 1926
  • 1928 The 125th and final fascicle of the Oxford English Dictionary is published.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 President Herbert Hoover suggests 5 day work week

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Bonnie Parker is captured in a failed hardware store burglary, and subsequently jailed. A grand jury fails to indict her, however, and she is released a few months later

American Outlaw Bonnie Parker
American Outlaw
Bonnie Parker

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 FDR announces US will leave gold standard

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1936 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Palestine
  • 1936 First day of the Great Uprising in Palestine.
  • 1938 Phil Emmett Mueller & Dodger Ernie Koy both homer in their 1st at bat
  • 1939 Connecticut finally approves Bill of Rights (148 years late)
  • 1940 "Lake Shore Ltd" derails speed killing 34 near Little Falls NY
  • 1940 Dutch prime minister De Geer declares state of siege
  • 1941 Bertolt Brecht's play "Mother Courage and her Childeren" premieres in Zurich
  • 1941 Bulgarian troops invade Macedonia
  • 1941 Milk rationed in Holland
  • 1943 SS-lt-gen Jurgen Stoop leads destruction of ghetto of Warsaw
  • 1943 Bicycle Day - Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately takes LSD for the first time.
  • 1944 Allied fleet attack Sabang Sumatra
  • 1945 US aircraft carrier Franklin heavy damaged in Japanese air raid
  • 1945 US offensive against Shuri-barrier on Okinawa
  • 1945 The diplomatic relations between the Soviet Union and Guatemala are established.
  • 1946 Yankees switch from 3rd base to 1st base dug out
  • 1947 AAU record for a 25-foot rope climb is set in 4.7 seconds
  • 1947 French ship explodes in Texas City harbor, kills about 522

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1948 Chiang Kai-shek elected President of Nationalist China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Gen Douglas MacArthur ends his military career

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1955 The German automaker Volkswagen, after six years of selling cars in the United States, founds Volkswagen of America in Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to standardize its dealer and service network.
  • 1959 Uprising in La Paz Bolivia, fails
  • 1960 Comiskey Park's famed "exploding" scoreboard begins operating
  • 1962 NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 46,900m
  • 1964 Rightist coup in Laos, Suvanna Phuma remains premier
  • 1965 1st all news radio station (WINS 1010 AM in NYC) begins operating
  • 1965 T.A.M.I. Show premieres in London
  • 1965 At a cost of $20,000, the outer Astrodome ceiling is painted because of sun's glare, this causes the grass to die
  • 1966 In 1st regular season game at Anaheim Stadium, Angels lose 3-1 to Chic
  • 1967 Yugoslav author Mihaljo Mihaljov sentenced 4½ years
  • 1968 Belgian construction workers strike
  • 1968 NL owners approve expansion for 2 new teams
  • 1969 Serious rioting in the Bogside area of Derry following clashes between Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association marchers and Loyalists and members of the Royal Ulster Constabulary
  • 1970 24th Tony Awards: Borstal Boy & Applause win
  • 1971 Sierra Leone becomes a republic (National Day)
  • 1971 USSR Salyut 1 launched; 1st manned lab in orbit
  • 1972 Bangladesh becomes a member of British Commonwealth
  • 1972 Hungary revises its constitution to declare itself a socialist state
  • 1972 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1972 British Prime Ministe rEdward Heath confirms that a plan to conduct an arrest operation, in the event of a riot during the march on 30 January 1972, was known to British government Ministers in advance
  • 1973 Steinbrenner replaces Mike Burke with Gabe Paul as Yankee president
  • 1973 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1975 India launches 1st satellite with help of USSR
  • 1978 Yitzhak Navron elected 5th president of Israel
  • 1979 FCC raids & shuts down pirate radio station WFAT (Brooklyn New York)
  • 1979 Johnson brawl, Gossage sustains a sprained ligament in his left thumb
  • 1981 Oakland A's runs record to 11-0

Birthdays in History

  • 1320 Pedro I, King of Portugal (1357-67)
  • 1501 Erasmus Sarcerius, German Lutheran theologian and reformer (d. 1559)
  • 1603 Michel le Tellier, French statesman (d. 1685)
  • 1658 Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine (d. 1716)
  • 1665 Jacques Lelong, French bibliographer (d. 1721)
  • 1686 Vasily Tatishchev, Russian statesman (d. 1750)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1721 Roger Sherman, American lawyer and Founding Father of the United States (Declaration of Independence, Constitution), born in Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1793)

Founding Father of the United States Roger Sherman
Founding Father of the United States
Roger Sherman
  • 1728 Francisco Albergati Capacelli, Italian playwright
  • 1737 Geert Reinders, Dutch cattle breeder/inoculation propagandist
  • 1768 Adrian H Haworth, English entomologist/botanist
  • 1772 David Ricardo, economist
  • 1787 Deaf Smith, American frontiersman and revolutionary (d. 1837)
  • 1795 Christian Gottfried Ehrenburg, German zoologist
  • 1798 Heinrich Maria von Hess, historical painter
  • 1801 Gustav T Fechner, [Dr Mises], German philosopher/physicist
  • 1814 Louis Amédée Achard, French novelist (d. 1875)
  • 1817 John Philip "Spanish John", Scottish painter, born in Aberdeen (d. 1865)
  • 1821 Mortimer Dormer Leggett, Mjr General (Union volunteers), (d. 1896)
  • 1830 Rudolf Cornely, German bible expert/jesuit
  • 1832 Jose Echegaray y Eizaguirre, mathematician/dramatist (Nobel 1904)
  • 1832 Lucretia Rudolph Garfield, 1st lady (1881)
  • 1840 Andrea Bezzola, writer
  • 1850 Edward John Gregory, painter/engraver
  • 1857 Lucien Levy-Bruhl, philosopher
  • 1861 Warden Oncle, [Edward Vermeulen], Flemish farmer/writer
  • 1866 Henri WA Deterding, Dutch oil magnate (Royal Oil, Shell)
  • 1874 Firmin Baes, Flemish painter
  • 1874 Ernst Rüdin, Swiss psychiatrist, geneticist, and eugenicist (d. 1952)
  • 1876 Hendrik W A E, duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin/king of Netherlands
  • 1877 Ole Evinrude, inventor (outboard marine engine)
  • 1879 Richard Scheibe, German sculptor (Adler mit Hakenkreuz)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1883 Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil (1930-45, 1951-54) and modernizer, born in São Borja, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazilian Empire (d. 1954)

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • 1883 Richard von Mises, Austrian-born mathematician (d. 1953)
  • 1889 Otto Georg Thierack, German jurist and politician (d. 1946)
  • 1890 Lou Bandy, [Lodewijk F Dieben], revue-artist (Look for the Sun)
  • 1891 Ricardo Bacchelli, Italian writer/poet (La Ronda)
  • 1895 Anton F Pieck, Den Helder, Netherlands, illustrator (Efteling, Kaatsheuvel)
  • 1897 Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, sculptor/art benefactor
  • 1897 Peter de Noronha, Indian businessman and philanthropist (d. 1970)
  • 1898 Sybil Andrews, English/Canadian painter
  • 1900 Richard Arthur Warren Hughes, English writer (Fiction as Truth)
  • 1900 Roland Michener, Governor General of Canada (d. 1991)
  • 1903 Eliot Ness, US Federal agent "The Untouchables" (put away Al Capone), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1957)
  • 1905 John S "Jimmy" Thach, US pilot/admiral (WW II)
  • 1910 Andrew Gilchrist, historian/diplomat
  • 1912 Glenn T Seaborg, American chemist (AEC, Plutonium, Nobel 1951)
  • 1912 William Murray, teacher/educationalist
  • 1913 Cyril English, British educator
  • 1914 Andrew Wilkinson, pediatrician
  • 1921 Glyn England, CEO (CEGB, Windcluster Ltd)
  • 1922 Erich Hartmann, German WW II pilot (downed 352 Russian aircrafts)
  • 1922 Luigi Barbbarito, reverend (Apostolic ProNuncio)
  • 1928 John Horlock, British vice-chancellor (Open College)
  • 1931 Denis Henry, British high court judge
  • 1931 Hendrick J "Kobie" Coetsee, South Africa minister of Defense/Justice
  • 1931 Walter Stewart, Canadian journalist (d. 2004)
  • 1932 Andrea Mead Lawrence, Rutland Vt, alpine slalom skier (Oly-2 gold-52)
  • 1934 John Roch, high court judge
  • 1936 Wilfried Martens, premier (Belgium, 1979-81, 1981-92), (d. 2013)
  • 1939 E Clay Shaw Jr, (Rep-R-FL, 1981-2007 ), (d. 2013)
  • 1940 Algy Cluff, CEO (Spectator, Cluff Resources)
  • 1941 Michel Roux, chef de cuisine
  • 1942 Bas Jan Ader, Dutch artist (disappeared 1975).
  • 1942 Jack Roush, American racing entrepreneur
  • 1944 Mark "Flo" Volman, rocker (Flo & Eddie, Turtles-Eleanor)/DJ (WKRK)
  • 1944 James Heckman, American economist, Bank of Sweden Prize
  • 1946 Leon Wessels, South African lawyer/underminister of Law & Order
  • 1946 Viktor Viktorovich Zabolotsky, Russia, cosmonaut (BST-02)
  • 1946 Mary Jo Slater, American casting director
  • 1947 Frits Castricum, journalist/Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • 1947 Wilf Stevenson, director (British Film Institute)
  • 1949 Myra McCulloch, teacher academic/administrator
  • 1949 Larry Walters, American "lawn chair" pilot (d. 1993)
  • 1951 Jóannes Eidesgaard, Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands
  • 1957 Mukesh Ambani, Indian businessman
  • 1961 Richard Phelps, British pentathelete
  • 1963 Valerie Plame Wilson, former C.I.A. agent
  • 1967 Steven H Silver, American science fiction editor
  • 1968 Craig McNeil, American writer, lawyer, and military officer
  • 1968 Mswati III, King of Swaziland
  • 1978 Amanda Sage, American born visionary artist

Weddings in History

  • 2005 "Extra" co-host Dayna Devon (35) weds plastic surgeon Dr. Brent Moelleken at the Hans Fahden Winery in Calistoga, California
  • 2014 Brooklyn Nine-Nine actor Joe Lo Truglio (43) weds Beth Dover in Santa Barbara, California

Deaths in History

  • 843 Judith, French empress/2nd wife of Louis de Vrome, dies
  • 1012 Alphege, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 954)
  • 1044 Gothelo, duke of Neth-Lotharingen, dies
  • 1054 Leo IX, [Bruno von Egesheim und Dagsburg], Pope (1049-54), dies at 51
  • 1390 Robert II, King of Scots, dies
  • 1529 John Cuspinianus, [Spiessheimer], German physician, dies at about 55
  • 1560 Philipp Melanchton (Schwazerd), church reformer, dies at 63
  • 1567 Michael Stifel, German theologist/mathematician, dies at about 79
  • 1578 Uesugi Kenshin, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1530)
  • 1588 Paolo Veronese (Cagliari), painter, dies
  • 1608 Earl of Dorset, poet/statesman, dies
  • 1618 Thomas Bastard, clergyman and epigrammatist (b. 1565 or 1566)
  • 1627 John Beaumont, English poet (b. 1583)
  • 1645 Anton van Diemen, gov-gen (Neth East Indies), dies at about 51

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1684 Roger Williams, English theologian and colonist (b. 1603)

Theologian and Colonist Roger Williams
Theologian and Colonist
Roger Williams
  • 1686 Antonio de Solís y Ribadeneyra, Spanish writer (b. 1610)
  • 1689 Christina, Queen of Sweden (1644-54), dies
  • 1706 Galenus Abrahamsz de Haen, Dutch baptist leader, dies
  • 1733 Elizabeth Villiers, mistress of William III of England
  • 1739 Nicholas Saunderson, mathematician, dies
  • 1751 Peter Lacy, Irish-born Russian Field marshal (b. 1678)
  • 1768 Filippo della Valle, Italian sculptor, dies at about 70
  • 1776 Jacob Israel Emden, [Jacob ben Tswi], German rabbi, dies at 78
  • 1791 Richard Price, nonconformist minister/writer (Alabi's World), dies
  • 1813 Benjamin Rush, physician/abolotionist (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 67
  • 1824 George Gorden Noel "Lord" Byron, poet, dies at 36
  • 1831 Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger, German mathematician (b. 1765)
  • 1840 Jean-Jacques Lartigue, Roman catholic bishop of Montreal (b. 1777)
  • 1852 Vasili A Zjukovski, Russian folk poet/translator (Homerus), dies at 69
  • 1854 Robert Jameson, Scottish naturalist (b. 1774)
  • 1862 Louis Powell Harvey, US governor of Wisconsin, drowns
  • 1862 Simon Fraser, Canadian explorer, dies
  • 1867 Robert Smirke, British architect, dies
  • 1870 Andreas Schelfhout, painter/etcher/lithographer, dies at 83
  • 1874 Owen Jones, architect, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1881 Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1868, 1874-80) and writer, dies of bronchitis at 76

British Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli
British Prime Minister
Benjamin Disraeli
  • 1881 Michel Abeloos, Flemish sculptor, dies at 53

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1882 Charles Darwin, English naturalist (Origin of the Species) who conceived the theory of evolution by natural selection, dies of heart failure at 73

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1889 Warren De La Rue, astronomer/chemist, dies
  • 1892 Fr. Thomas Dale SSC, Anglican clergyman prosecuted for Ritualist practices in the 1870s (b. 1821)
  • 1893 John Addington Symonds, critic/poet, dies
  • 1895 George Scharf, critic, dies
  • 1895 Victor J van Hinsbergh, South Neth engraver (PTT-stempels), dies at 70
  • 1901 Alfred Horatio Belo, American newswriter and businessman (b. 1839)
  • 1906 Pierre Curie, French physicist/chemist (Nobel 1903), dies
  • 1914 Charles Pierce, philosopher/scientist, dies
  • 1916 Ephraim Shay, American inventor (b. 1839)
  • 1926 Alexander Alexandrovich Chuprov, Russian statistician (b. 1874)
  • 1930 Georges-Casimir Dessaulles, Canadian senator (b. 1827)
  • 1937 William M Conway, English historian/explorer (Spitzbergen), dies at 81
  • 1938 Henry John Newbolt, poet/author (Studies Green & Gray), dies at 75
  • 1943 Alexander Schmorell, German resistance fighter, beheaded
  • 1943 Kurt Huber, German resistance fighter, beheaded
  • 1943 Willy Graf, German resistance fighter, beheaded
  • 1944 Tommy Hitchcock, polo player (Westchester Cup 1924, 27), dies at 44
  • 1945 J P Heyboer, resistance fighter, executed
  • 1956 Ernst R Curtius, German literature historian, dies at 70
  • 1956 Leon N H Jungschlaeger, head milt intelligence Neth-Indies, dies at 52
  • 1957 Charles Funk, Encylopediest (Funk & Wagnalls), dies at 76
  • 1957 Johan W Albarda, 1st Dutch SDAP minister (1939-45), dies at 79

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1967 Konrad Adenauer, West Germany chancellor (1949-63), dies at 91

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • 1972 Adolf Bach, German philologist/sociologist, dies at 82
  • 1977 Günter Bruno Fuchs, German writer, poet and artist, dies at 48
  • 1978 Emile de Strijker, Belgian philosopher, dies at 70
  • 1983 Jerzy Andrzejewski, Polish writer (Ashes & Diamonds), dies at 73
  • 1987 Maxwell D Taylor, US commander 101st airborne (WW II), dies at 85
  • 1988 Kwon Ki-ok, first Korean female pilot (b. 1901)
  • 1989 Daphne Du Maurier, English writer (Rebecca, Jamaica Inn), dies at 82
  • 1990 Vladislav Ivanovich Gulyayev, Russia, cosmonaut, dies at 52
  • 1992 Alice Mary Riley, entertainer, dies of cancer at 51
  • 1993 David Koresh, [Vernon Howell], cult leader (Davidians), suicide
  • 1993 George Mickelson, Gov of SD, & 7 others, die in a plane crash
  • 1994 Frederick Ferrari, crazy Gang Member, dies at 81
  • 1994 Louis Simmonds, bookseller, dies at 87
  • 1995 Igor Hajek, translator/writer, dies at 64
  • 1995 J Peter Grace Jr, CEO (W R Grace), dies from cancer at 81
  • 1995 Kenneth Burslam Gardner, librarian/Orientalist, dies at 70
  • 1996 Bernard Edwards, bass player, dies at 44
  • 1996 Peg Ridge, peace campaigner, dies at 72
  • 1998 Octavio Paz, Mexican diplomat and writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1914)
  • 1999 David Sanes, US Navy employee
  • 1999 Hermine Braunsteiner, Nazi war criminal (b. 1919)
  • 2004 Norris McWhirter, Scottish co-founder of the Guinness Book of Records (b. 1925)
  • 2004 John Maynard Smith, English biologist (b. 1920)
  • 2005 Clement Meadmore, Australian sculptor (b. 1929)
  • 2006 Scott Crossfield, American pilot, first man to fly at Mach 2 (b. 1921)
  • 2006 Zola Levitt, Messianic Jewish preacher (b. 1938)
  • 2007 Helen Walton, wife of Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton (b. 1919)
  • 2008 Germaine Tillion, French anthropologist, member of French Resistance (b. 1907)
  • 2008 Alfonso López Trujillo, Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church (b. 1935)
  • 2009 J.G. Ballard, British novelist. (b. 1930)
  • 2010 Carl Williams, Australian criminal (b. 1970)
  • 2013 Francois Jacob, French biologist and Nobel laureate, dies at 92
  • 2016 Walter Kohn, Austrian-born American scientist (Nobel Prize Chemistry 1998), dies at 93