On This Day in History for April 21

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 122

  • 753 BC Romulus and Remus found Rome (traditional date).

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

43 BC Battle of Mutina: Mark Antony is again defeated in battle by Aulus Hirtius, who is killed. Antony fails to capture Mutina and Decimus Brutus is murdered shortly after.

Roman Politician and General Mark Antony
Roman Politician and General
Mark Antony
  • 953 Otto I the Great gives Utrecht fishing rights
  • 1420 Treaty of Saint Maartens Dike
  • 1453 Turkish fleet sinks ships Golden Receiver in Constantinople
  • 1521 Battle at Villalar: Emperor Charles I beats Communards
  • 1526 Battle at Panipat: Mogol Emperor Babur beats Sultan Ibrahim Lodi - rise of the Mughal Empire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1536 Thomas Cromwell begins to plot Anne Boleyn's downfall while feigning illness

Lawyer and Statesman Thomas Cromwell
Lawyer and Statesman
Thomas Cromwell
Queen Anne Boleyn
Queen
Anne Boleyn
  • 1572 France & England sign anti-Spanish military covenant
  • 1600 1st date in James Clavell's novel Shogun (OS)
  • 1649 Maryland Toleration Act passed, allowing all freedom of worship
  • 1654 England & Sweden sign trade agreement
  • 1689 William III & Mary Stuart proclaimed King & Queen of England
  • 1739 Spain & Naples-Austria sign peace accord

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1785 Catherine II of Russia confers on the nobility the "Charter to the Nobility", increasing further the power of the landed oligarchs

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 John Adams sworn in as 1st US VP (9 days before Washington)

2nd US President John Adams
2nd US President
John Adams
  • 1792 Brazilian revolutionary Tiradentes, is hanged, drawn and quartered in Rio de Janeiro
  • 1794 NYC formally declares coast of Ellis Island publically owned, so they can build forts to protect NYC from British

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1796 Napoleon and the French defeat the Piedmontese at Battle of Mondovi

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1818 Franz Grillparzer's "Sappho" premieres in Vienna
  • 1836 Battle of San Jacinto, Texas wins independence from Mexico
  • 1855 1st train crosses Miss River's 1st bridge, Rock Is Ill-Davenport Ia
  • 1857 Alexander Douglas patents the bustle
  • 1862 Congress establishes US Mint in Denver, Colorodo
  • 1862 Ellen Price Wood's "East Lynne" premieres in Boston
  • 1863 Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, enters gardens of Rivden, near Baghdad. Makes the declaration of aha'u'llah during 12 days spent there

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 Abraham Lincoln's funeral train leaves Washington

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1878 First Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn
  • 1878 NY installs 1st firehouse pole
  • 1878 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Inscrutabili
  • 1878 Ship Azor leaves Charleston with 206 blacks for Liberia
  • 1884 Potters Field reopened as Madison Park
  • 1892 Black longshoremen strike for higher wages in St Louis, Mo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1894 George Bernard Shaw's "Arms & the Man" premieres in London

  • 1898 Spanish-American War: The U.S. Congress, on April 25, recognizes that a state of war exists between the United States and Spain as of this date.
  • 1905 The elective assembly of Crete proclaims union with Greece
  • 1908 Frederick A Cook claims to reach North Pole (He didn't)
  • 1913 German passenger ship Imperator runs aground
  • 1914 US marines occupy Vera Cruz, a major Mexican port; they will stay for 6 months
  • 1916 Sir Roger Casement, an Ulster Protestant and ardent Irish nationalist, lands on the coast from a German submarine; he attempts to get German aid for an uprising against the British
  • 1916 Irish nationalist activist and poet Roger Casement is discovered at McKenna's Fort and is arrested by the Royal Irish Constabulary
  • 1916 The Aud, carrying a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans in staging what would become the 1916 Rising, is captured by the British Navy and forced to sail towards Cork Harbour

BattleBattle of Interest

1918 World War I: German fighter ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen "The Red Baron", shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France, Canadian pilot Arthur Roy Brown credited with the kill

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • 1920 John Galsworthy's "Skin Game" premieres in London
  • 1922 The first Aggie Muster is held as a remembrance for fellow Aggies who had died in the previous year.
  • 1925 Chuvash Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Chuvash ASSR
  • 1925 Noel Coward's "Fallen Angels" premieres in London
  • 1930 Fire at Ohio State Penitentiary kills 322
  • 1930 Vladimir Mayakovsky's "Moskva Golid" premieres in Moscow
  • 1935 King Boris of Bulgaria forbids all political parties
  • 1941 Greece surrenders to nazi-Germany
  • 1945 Allied troops occupy German nuclear laboratory
  • 1945 He Shima Okinawa conquered in 5 days, 5,000 die
  • 1945 Ivor Novello's "Perchance to Dream" premieres in London
  • 1945 Soviet army arrives at outskirts of Berlin
  • 1945 US 7th Army reaches Nuremberg
  • 1946 Socialistic Einheitspartei Germany forms in East Germany
  • 1952 BOAC begins 1st passenger service with jets (London-Rome route)
  • 1952 Secretaryies' Day (now Administrative Professionals' Day) is first celebrated.
  • 1954 Gregori Malenkov becomes premier of USSR
  • 1954 USAF flies French battalion to Vietnam
  • 1955 J Lawrence & R E Lee's "Inherit the Wind" premieres in NYC
  • 1955 Minas Gerais Argentina tunnel caves in; 30 die
  • 1957 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Fidei Donum
  • 1959 1211-kg great white shark becomes largest fish ever caught on a rod
  • 1959 Alf Dean using a rod & reel hooks a 2,664lb, 16' 10" white shark
  • 1960 Brasilia becomes capital of Brazil
  • 1960 Founding of the Orthodox Bahá'í Faith in Washington, D.C.
  • 1961 Dirk Stikker chosen as secretary general of NATO
  • 1961 French army revolts in Algeria
  • 1961 USAF Maj Robert M White takes X-15 to 32,000 m
  • 1962 Century 21 Exposition opens in Seattle, Washington
  • 1963 The Universal House of Justice of the Bahá'í Faith is elected for the first time.
  • 1965 New York World's Fair reopens for 2nd & final season

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1966 Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie visits Kingston, Jamaica

Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie
Ethiopian Emperor
Haile Selassie
  • 1967 Evangelical Broadcasting begins in Netherlands
  • 1967 Military coup in Greece, Konstantinos Kollias becomes premier
  • 1967 Svetlana Alliluyeva, Josef Stalin's daughter defects to the US in NYC
  • 1968 22nd Tony Awards: Rosencranz & Guilderstern & Hallelujah Baby! win
  • 1969 The Ministry of Defence in London announces that British troops would be used in Northern Ireland to guard key public installations following a series of bombings
  • 1970 The Principality of Hutt River (previously Hutt River Province) secedes from Australia - it remains unrecognised by Australia or other nations
  • 1970 The Alliance Party of Northern Ireland (APNI) is formed; it attempts to appeal to Catholics and Protestant to unite in support of moderate policies
  • 1971 Original Codex Reguis (with Edda-liederen) returns to Iceland
  • 1972 John Young & Charles Duke explores Moon (Apollo 16)
  • 1972 Orbiting Astronomical Observatory 4 (Copernicus) launched
  • 1974 28th Tony Awards: River Niger & Raisin win

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Last South Vietnam President Nguyen Van Thieu resigns after 10 years

Vietnamese Politican Nguyen Van Thieu
Vietnamese Politican
Nguyen Van Thieu
  • 1976 Swine Flu vaccine, for non-epidemic, enters testing
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 Zia ur-Rahman appointed president of Bangladesh
  • 1980 Howard Stern begins broadcasting on WWWW Detroit Mich
  • 1981 US furnish $1 billion in arms to Saudi-Arabia
  • 1982 Dr Michael E Bakey performs 1st successful heart implant
  • 1982 Dutch Queen Beatrice addresses US Congress
  • 1983 1 pound coin introduced in United Kingdom
  • 1984 "Nightline" reverts back from 1 hour to ½ hour
  • 1984 After 37 weeks "Thriller" is knocked off as top album by "Footloose"
  • 1984 Centers for Disease Cont says virus discovered in France causes AIDS
  • 1984 Franz Weber of Austria skis downhill at a record 209.8 kph
  • 1984 Montreal Expo David Palmer no-hits St Louis Cards, 4-0 in a perfect 5 inn game

Birthdays in History

  • 1488 Ulrich von Hutten, German poet/humanist/patriot
  • 1555 Ludovico Carracci, Italian painter (d. 1619)
  • 1619 John A van Riebeeck, colonial director/founder (Cape Colony)
  • 1651 Blessed Joseph Vaz, Apostle of Ceylon (d. 1711)
  • 1652 Michel Rolle, French mathematician (d. 1719)
  • 1671 John Law, Scottish economist (d. 1729)
  • 1673 Wilhelmina Amalia of Brunswick, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1742)
  • 1713 Louis Duke de Noailles, marshal of France
  • 1774 Jean-Baptiste Biot, French physicist/astronomer (balloonist)
  • 1775 Alexander Anderson, US, engraver/illustrator (Shakespeare)
  • 1795 Vincenzo Pallotti, Italian saint
  • 1803 Levin Minn Powell, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1885)
  • 1806 Peter van Schendel, Dutch painter
  • 1809 Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter, Secy State (Confederacy)
  • 1810 John Putnam Chapin, American politician (d. 1864)
  • 1811 Alson Sherman, American politician (d. 1903)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1816 Charlotte Brontë,English novelist (Jane Eyre), born in Thornton, West Yorkshire

  • 1816 Louis Trezevant Wigfall, Confederate Army, (d. 1874)
  • 1828 Hippolyte Taine, French philosopher/historian (Voyage in Italy)
  • 1834 William Rufus Terrill, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)
  • 1837 Fredrik Bajer, Denmark, politician/feminist/pacifist (Nobel 1908)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1838 John Muir, Scottish naturalist/discoverer (glaciers in High Seirras), born in Dunbar

Environmental Philosopher John Muir
Environmental Philosopher
John Muir
  • 1849 Oskar Hertwig, Germany, embryologist, discovered fertilization
  • 1851 Charles Barrois, French geologist (d. 1939)
  • 1854 Eusapia Palladino, Italian spiritual medium, born in Minervino Murge, Apulia (d. 1918)
  • 1854 William Stang, Roman Catholic Bishop (d. 1907)
  • 1864 Max Weber, German sociologist/economist/historian (Ancient Judaism)
  • 1867 Benjamin A Jesurun, Antillian literary
  • 1868 Robert Herrick, American novelist (Common lot), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1938)
  • 1872 GW Bitzer, [Johann Gottlob Wilhelm Bitzer], Roxbury MA
  • 1878 Albert Weisgerber, German painter/graphic artist
  • 1879 Kartini, Indonesian national figure (d. 1904)
  • 1881 Jules-Marie Canneel, Flemish painter/caricaturist (Rocks of Oran)
  • 1882 Percy Williams Bridgman, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1961)
  • 1887 Lillian Walker, entertainer, born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1889 Paul Karrer, Swiss chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1896 Henry M de Montherlant, French novelist and stage author (La Reine Morte)
  • 1902 Bernard J H "Ben" Stroman, recensent/writer (Jomtof & Blue Beard)
  • 1903 Hans Hedtoft, premier Denmark (1947..55)
  • 1904 Gijsbert van Hall, banker/mayor of Amsterdam (1957-67)
  • 1905 Edmund G "Pat" Brown, (Gov-D-California)
  • 1905 Pat Brown, American politician (d. 1996)
  • 1906 Tom Burns, British-Chilean publisher and editor, born in Chile (d. 1995)
  • 1909 Rollo May, US, psychologist, Love & Will)
  • 1911 Ivan Combe, American inventor (d. 2000)
  • 1912 Marcel Camus, French director, Orfeu negro)
  • 1912 Eve Arnold, photojournalist (Marilyn Monroe) (d. 2012), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1913 Choh Hao Li, bio-chemist professor, isolated growth hormones)
  • 1913 Kai-Uwe von Hassel, German politician
  • 1913 Norman Parkinson, English fashion photographer (Harper's Bazaar), born in London (d. 1990)
  • 1915 Frick, [W Groebli], Swiss clown, Frick & Frack)
  • 1917 Emanuel Vardi, Jerusalem Israel, violist, SD Symph 1978-82)
  • 1919 Franc [Franklin E] Essed, Suriname agricultural eng, Oper Grasshopper)
  • 1923 John Mortimer, English barrister and writer
  • 1924 Daniel Melnick, American producer, Get Smart), born in NYC, New York

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1926 Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor, Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland, 1952- ), born in London, England

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1927 Robert Brustein, American dean, Yale School of Drama), born in NYC, New York
  • 1930 Don Tyson, founder, Tyson Foods)
  • 1935 Thomas Kean, American politician
  • 1936 James Dobson, American evangelist
  • 1937 Charles Lee Herron, Ky, FBI most wanted fugitive (Jan 1 1986)
  • 1939 Helen Prejean, American writer
  • 1940 Souleymane Cisse, director (Waati, Yeelen, Finye, Baara)
  • 1948 Gary A Condit, (Rep-D-California)
  • 1948 Lord Egremont, English large landowner/multi-millionaire
  • 1951 Aleksandr Ivanovich Laveykin, Russian cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-2)
  • 1951 Tony Danza, (Tony Banta-Taxi, Tony Micelli-Who's the Boss), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1951 Michael Hartley Freedman, American mathematician
  • 1956 Phillip Longman, American demographer
  • 1958 Michael Zarnock, American author and columnist
  • 1958 Yoshito Usui, Japanese manga artist
  • 1959 Tim Jacobus, American artist (Goosebumps)
  • 1962 Sergei Viktorovich Zalyotin, Russia, major/cosmonaut
  • 1965 Fiona Kelleghan, American academic and critic
  • 1969 Robin Meade, American reporter
  • 1971 Alexander Kravchenko, Russian professional poker player
  • 1971 Hasan Akbar, American convicted murderer
  • 2007 Princess Isabella of Denmark

Weddings in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1920 Future UK Prime Minister Harold Macmillan (26) weds daughter of the 9th Duke of Devonshire Dorothy Evelyn Cavendish (19) at St. Margaret's, Westminster

British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan

Deaths in History

  • 1073 Alexander II, [Anselmo da Baggio], Pope (1061-73), dies
  • 1109 Anselmus, philosopher/archbishop of Canterbury, dies
  • 1142 Pierre Abélard, French writer (b. 1079)
  • 1329 Frederick IV, Duke of Lorraine (b. 1282)
  • 1509 Henry VII, 1st Tudor king of England (1485-1509), dies at 52, Henry VIII succeeds him
  • 1551 Oda Nobuhide, Japanese warlord (b. 1510)
  • 1552 Peter Apianus, [Bennewitz/Bienewitz], German astronomer, dies at 50
  • 1557 Petrus Apianus, German mathematician (b. 1495)
  • 1574 Cosimo de Medici, Italian duke of Toscane, dies at about 54
  • 1699 Jean Racine, French dramatist (Iphigénie), dies at 59
  • 1701 Asano Naganori, Japanese warlord (b. 1667)
  • 1719 Philippe de la Hire, French mathematician and historian (b. 1640)
  • 1720 Antoine Hamilton, French writer (b. 1646)
  • 1722 Robert Beverley, Jr., historian of Colonial Virginia (b. 1673)
  • 1730 Jan Palfijn, Flemish physician/inventor (forceps), dies at 79
  • 1736 Frans Eugenius, duke/prince of Savoye, dies at 72
  • 1792 Tiradentes, Brazilian revolutionary (b. 1746)
  • 1793 John Michell, English seismologist (b. 1724)
  • 1815 Joseph Winston, U.S. Congressman from North Carolina (b. 1746)
  • 1825 Johann Friedrich Pfaff, German mathemattician (b. 1765)
  • 1852 Ivan Nabokov, Russian general (b. 1787)
  • 1868 Henry James O'Farrell, Australian would-be assassin of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh
  • 1871 Elisabeth Grube, writer, dies
  • 1899 Heinrich Kiepert, German cartographer/geographer, dies at 80

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1910 Mark Twain [Samuel Clemens], American author (Adventures of Huckleberry Finn), dies at 74

Author Mark Twain
Author
Mark Twain

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1918 Manfred von Richthofen [The Red Baron], German World War I fighter ace, dies at 25 after his plane is shot down

World War I Fighter Ace The Red Baron
World War I Fighter Ace
The Red Baron
  • 1922 Alessandro Moreschi, Italian castrato (b. 1858)
  • 1930 Robert S Bridges, poet laureate (Testament of beauty), dies at 85
  • 1930 Robert Bridges, English poet, British Poet Laureate (1913-30), dies at 85
  • 1938 Muhammad Iqbal, Brt E Indies lawyer/Pakistan national hero, dies at 65
  • 1938 Allama Iqbal, Indian philosopher and poet (b. 1877)
  • 1945 John Poston, British major/Montgomery's ADC, dies in battle at 25

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1946 John Maynard Keynes, English economist whose ideas changed the theory and practice of modern macroeconomics, dies of a heart attack at 62

  • 1952 [Richard] Stafford Cripps, Engl min of Plane-manufacturing, dies at 62
  • 1956 Charles MacArthur, American writer (b. 1895)
  • 1962 Frederick Handley Page, designer of 1st big airplane (40 seats), dies
  • 1965 Edward V Appleton, English physicist (Nobel Prize 1947), dies at 72
  • 1967 Andre L Danjon, French astronomer, dies at 77
  • 1971 Francois "Doc" Duvalier, dictator of Haiti, dies at 64
  • 1973 Arthur Fadden, thirteenth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1894)
  • 1977 Gummo [Milton] Marx, US comic (Marx Brothers), dies at 84
  • 1980 Aleksandr Oparin, Russian biochemist (b. 1894)
  • 1980 Sohrab Sepehri, Persian poet and painter (b. 1928)
  • 1985 Rudi Gernreich, US designer (miniskirt), dies at 62
  • 1985 Tancredo Neves, president-elect of Brazil, dies at 75
  • 1985 Foster Hewitt, Canadian radio pioneer (b. 1902)
  • 1986 Salah Jaheen, Egyptian poet and cartoonist (b.1930)
  • 1987 Edith S Green, (Rep-D-Ore), dies at 77
  • 1989 Princess Dukhye of Korea (b. 1912)
  • 1990 Erté, French artist (b. 1892)
  • 1991 Richard Bolling, (Rep-D-Missouri), dies at 74
  • 1992 Robert Harris, murderer, executed in Calif's gas chamber at 39
  • 1992 Vladimir K Romanov, Grand Duke/Rus pretender to the throne, dies at 74
  • 1994 Clement Merk, animal trainer, dies at 93
  • 1995 Stafford Heginbotham, toymaker/Football Club Chairman, dies at 61
  • 1996 Dzhokhar Dudayev, separatist leader and President of the Chechen Republic of Ichkeria (1991), dies at 52
  • 1996 Robert Hersant, press baron, dies at 76
  • 1996 Rodney Meredith Thomas, architect/painter, dies at 93
  • 1996 Zora Arkus-Duntov, engineer, dies at 86
  • 1997 Andres Rodriguez, Paraguayan president (1989-93), dies
  • 1997 Diosdado Macapagal, President of the Philippines (1961-65), dies at 86
  • 1998 Jean Francois Lyotard, French philosopher and sociologist (b. 1924)
  • 2004 Mary McGrory, American journalist (b. 1918)
  • 2006 T.K. Ramakrishnan, Indian politician (b. 1922)
  • 2012 Charles Colson, Nixon adviser (Watergate), dies from a brain hemorrhage at 80
  • 2013 Leopold Engleitner, Austrian Holocaust survivor, dies at 107