On This Day in History for April 22

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 123

  • 296 St Gaius ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 536 St. Agapetus I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1056 Supernova Crab nebula last seen by the naked eye
  • 1073 Pope Alexander II buried/Ildebrando chosen as Pope Gregory VII
  • 1145 19th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 1164 Raynald of Dassel names Guido di Crema as anti-pope Paschalis III
  • 1370 Building begins on the Bastille fortress in Paris
  • 1500 Pedro Alvarez Cabral discovers Brazil & claims it for Portugal
  • 1521 French King Francois I declares war on Spain
  • 1526 1st slave revolt occurs in SC
  • 1529 Treaty of Saragosa: Spain & Portugal divide eastern hemisphere

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1648 English army claims king Charles I responsible for bloodshed

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1659 Lord Protector Richard Cromwell disbands English parliament

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1671 King Charles II sits in on English parliament

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1674 Netherlands & Munster sign peace treaty
  • 1676 Battle of Etna - Neth/Spain vs France, M de Ruyter fatally wounded
  • 1677 Battle at Catania: between French & Dutch fleet
  • 1692 Edward Bishop is jailed for proposing flogging as a cure for witchcraft
  • 1722 19 VOC "komplotteurs" in Batavia executed
  • 1728 Pierre de Marivaux' "Le Triomphe de Plutus" premieres in Paris
  • 1769 Madame du Barry becomes King Louis XV's "official" mistress
  • 1793 President Washington attends opening of Rickett's, 1st circus in US
  • 1804 Gioacchino Rossini (12) performs in Imola

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1809 Battle at Eckmuhl - Napoleon beats Austria Archduke Karl

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1817 Curacao prohibits use of white paint due to fierce sunlight
  • 1823 Baltic Club (Exchange) forms in London
  • 1823 R J Tyers patents roller skates
  • 1838 English steamship "Sirius" docks in NYC after crossing the Atlantic, first transatlantic steam passenger service
  • 1864 US mints 2 cent coin (1st appearance of "In God We Trust")
  • 1876 Tsjaikovsky completes his "Swan Lake" ballet
  • 1884 Thomas Stevens starts 1st bike trip around world (2 yrs 9 mos)
  • 1884 US recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • 1889 Oklahoma land rush officially starts
  • 1893 Francis Dhanis army occupies Kasongo
  • 1893 Paul Kruger elected President of Transvaal for 3rd time
  • 1897 NYC Jewish newspaper "Forward" begins publishing (still active)
  • 1898 1st Spanish-American War action: USS Nashville, takes enemy ship
  • 1898 Congress passes Volunteer Army Act calling for a Volunteer Cavalry
  • 1898 US President McKinley orders blockade of Cuban harbors
  • 1903 American Power Boat Association forms
  • 1905 Operations begin uniting conservatory of Nature monument Amsterdam
  • 1913 Montenegro troops march into Skoetari, North-Albania
  • 1915 1st military use of poison gas (chlorine, by Germany) in WW I
  • 1915 The Second Battle of Ypres begins on the Western Front
  • 1916 France battles at Fort Douaumont
  • 1916 Karl Spindler scuttles the Aud near Daunt's Rock, to prevent its cargo of 20,000 rifles destined for Irish republicans falling into enemy hands
  • 1916 Chief of Staff of the Irish Volunteers Eóin MacNeill issues the Countermanding order in Dublin to try to stop what would become the Easter Rising
  • 1922 South Ossetian Autonomous Region forms in Georgian SSR
  • 1924 Hague Chambers of Commerce forms
  • 1926 Persia, Turkey & Afghanistan sign treaties of security
  • 1930 US, Britain & Japan sign London Naval Treaty
  • 1930 British troops battle pro-independence revolutionaries in the Jalalabad hills near Chittagong in Bengal province, British India leaving 80 troops and 12 revolutionaries dead.
  • 1931 Egypt & Iraq sign peace treaty
  • 1933 Dutch government forbids leftwing radio address
  • 1937 NYC college students stage 4th annual peace strike
  • 1940 Rear Adm Joseph Taussig testifies before US Senate Naval Affairs Committee that war with Japan is inevitable
  • 1943 German counter attack in North-Tunisia
  • 1943 RAF shoots down 14 German transport planes over Mediterranean Sea
  • 1944 Allies land near Hollandia, New-Guinea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Hitler & Benito Mussolini meet at Salzburg

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1945 Concentration Camp at Sachsenhausen liberated
  • 1946 SED, Sozialistic Einheitspartei Deutschlands, party forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Ticker-tape parade for General MacArthur in NYC

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1952 1st atomic explosion on network news, Nob, Nevada
  • 1952 Eugene Ionesco's "Les Chaises" premieres in NYC
  • 1954 Achiel van Acker forms Belgian government
  • 1954 US Senate Army-McCarthy televised hearings begin
  • 1954 USSR joins UNESCO
  • 1961 Uprising of French parachutist of Gen Salan/Challe in Algeria
  • 1962 Pirates tie then record of 10 straight wins to start season

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Lester B. Pearson is sworn in as the 14th Prime Minister of Canada

Prime Minister of Canada Lester B. Pearson
Prime Minister of Canada
Lester B. Pearson
  • 1964 World's Fair (Flushing Meadow, Corona Park, NY) opens
  • 1966 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1967 Martial Law goes into effect in Greece
  • 1969 1st human eye transplant performed
  • 1969 Bernadette Devlin, the youngest woman ever to be elected to Westminster, makes a controversial maiden speech in the House of Commons concerning the situation in Northern Ireland
  • 1970 1st Earth Day held internationally to conserve natural resources
  • 1970 First Earth Day celebrated, founded by Gaylord Nelson
  • 1971 Soviet spacecraft Soyuz 10 launched
  • 1972 Apollo astronauts John Young & Charles Duke ride on Moon
  • 1972 An 11-year-old boy killed by a rubber bullet fired by the British Army in Belfast; he was the first to die from a rubber bullet impact
  • 1974 Barbara Walters becomes news co-anchor of Today Show
  • 1976 Barbara Walters becomes 1st female nightly network news anchor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Shimon Peres becomes the 8th Prime Minister of Israel

Israeli Statesman Shimon Peres
Israeli Statesman
Shimon Peres
  • 1978 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Earl Anthony

Music concertMusic Concert

1979 Mick Jagger & Keith Richards give a benefit concert in Canada

Rock Star Mick Jagger
Rock Star
Mick Jagger
  • 1981 10,000 copper workers in Chile strike
  • 1981 Almost 1 million West German metal workers go on strike
  • 1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1981 More than $3.3 million is stolen from the First National Bank of Arizona in Tucson in the then largest US bank robbery in history
  • 1982 Launch of STS-3-Lousma & Fullerton [03/23]
  • 1983 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1983 Soyuz T-8 returns to Earth
  • 1983 Stern mag announces major historical find-discovery of 60 volume personal diaries written by Adolf Hitler (turned out to be a hoax)
  • 1986 Consumer Price Index drops .04% for 2nd month in a row
  • 1986 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1987 Sri Lanka Air Force bomb Tamil, 100s killed
  • 1990 Lebanon release US hostage Robert Polhill after 39 months
  • 1991 Earthquake strikes Costa Rica & Panama, kills 95
  • 1991 Intel releases 486SX chip

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 107

  • 1357 Johan I, King of Portugal (1383-1433)
  • 1451 Isabella I, of Castile, Queen of Spain (1479-1504), patron of Columbus
  • 1610 Alexander VIII, [Pietro Ottoboni], Italy, lawyer/Pope (1689-91)
  • 1640 Mariana Alcoforado, Portugal, nun
  • 1682 Willem I Kerricx the Young, Flemish architect/sculptor/painter
  • 1690 John Carteret, Earl Granville (C), English chief minister (1722-42)
  • 1707 Henry Fielding, English novelist (Joseph Andrews, Tom Jones)
  • 1711 Eleazar Wheelock, American founder of Dartmouth College (d. 1779)
  • 1724 Immanuel Kant, Konigsberg Germ, philosopher (Critique of Pure Reason)
  • 1744 James Sullivan, 7th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1808)
  • 1766 Madame de Staël, French author (d. 1817)
  • 1773 Jean V baron de Rebecque, Swiss/Dutch army leader
  • 1775 Georg Hermes, German philosopher/theologist (Hermenianen)
  • 1799 Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille, French physician and physiologist (blood pressure), born in Paris (d. 1869)
  • 1812 Solomon Caesar Malan, British orientalist (d. 1894)
  • 1816 Philip James Bailey, English poet (Festus)
  • 1816 Charles Denis Bourbaki, French general
  • 1818 Cadwallader Colden Washburn, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1823 Alfred Gibbs, Major General (Union Army), (d. 1868)
  • 1827 William Hopkins Morris, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1900)
  • 1831 Alexander McDowell McCook, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1832 Julius Sterling Morton, Nebraska, (Gov-Neb), started Arbor Day
  • 1839 August W Eichler, German botanist
  • 1844 Lewis Thornton Powell, would-be assassin of Secretary of State William H. Seward (d. 1865)
  • 1852 Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (d. 1912)
  • 1853 Alphonse Bertillon, France, anthropologist, devised crime ID system
  • 1854 Henri-Marie Lafontaine, Belgium, international lawyer (Nobel 1913)
  • 1863 Cornelis A J van Dishoeck, Dutch publisher
  • 1864 Phil May, Wortley Yorkshire, cartoonist
  • 1866 Hans von Seeckt, German general (Future of the Reich)
  • 1868 Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria (d. 1924)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1870 Vladimir Lenin [Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov], Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader, born in Simbirsk, Russia (d. 1924)

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1872 Princess Margaret of Prussia, queen of Finland (d. 1954)
  • 1873 Ellen Anderson Glasgow, US, novelist (Ancient Law, Pulitzer-1942)
  • 1878 Kitty Gordon, Folkestone England, entertainer
  • 1881 Alexander Kerensky, Simbirsk, Russian PM (1917)
  • 1884 John van Capel, oldest man in Netherlands (Died Sept 3, 1992)
  • 1889 Ludwig Renn, German writer, born in Dresden (d. 1979)
  • 1889 Richard Glücks, German SS officer and concentration camp administrator (d. 1945, by suicide)
  • 1891 Harold Jeffreys, English astronomer (d. 1989)
  • 1891 Nicola Sacco, American anarchist (d. 1927)
  • 1891 Vittorio Jano, Italian engineer (d. 1965)
  • 1892 Vernon Johns, American civil rights activist (d. 1965)
  • 1902 Megan Lloyd George, English politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1904 Robert Oppenheimer, American theoretical physicist known as the father of the atomic bomb (Manhattan Project), born in NYC, New York (d. 1967)

Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb Robert Oppenheimer
Physicist and Father of the Atomic Bomb
Robert Oppenheimer
  • 1905 Robert Choquette, French Canadian novelist, poet and diplomat (d. 1991)
  • 1906 Prince Gustaf Adolf, Duke of Västerbotten, second in line to the Swedish throne (d. 1946)
  • 1907 Ivan Efremov, Russian paleontologist and author (d. 1972)
  • 1909 Rita Levi-Montalcini, Italian neurologist, Nobel laureate, (d. 2012)
  • 1909 Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist and historian (d. 2001)
  • 1910 Eric Scowen, physician
  • 1910 Norman Steenrod, American mathematician (d. 1971)
  • 1914 Charles Hubert Sisson, author/poet (Christopher Homm)
  • 1914 Hans Baumann, German nationalist writer, born in Amberg, Bavaria (d. 1988)
  • 1914 Jan de Hartog, Dutch/English writer (Holland's Glory)
  • 1914 Michael Wittman, German soldier and tank ace (d. 1944)
  • 1915 Lord Airedale, British Lord (social democrat)
  • 1916 Earl of Oxford & Asquith, governor (Seychelles)
  • 1917 Leo Abse, Welsh politician and biographer, born in Cardiff (d. 2008)
  • 1917 Sidney Nolan, Australia, painter/illustrator (Ned Kelly)
  • 1917 Yvette Chauviré, French ballerina, born in Paris (d. 2016)
  • 1919 Donald Cram, US, biochemist (Nobel 1987)
  • 1920 Jos de Haes, Flemish philological/poet (Misery of the Word)
  • 1922 Richard C Diebenkorn Jr, US, painter (Ocean Park Paintings)
  • 1923 Paula Fox, American writer for children (The Slave Dancer) and adults, born in NYC, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1923 Peter Bowring, CEO (C T Bowring)
  • 1925 Christopher Ball, Oxford, warden (Keble College)
  • 1926 James Stirling, Scottish D-day-parachutist/architect/knight
  • 1929 Geoffrey Marshall, Provost (Queen's College, Oxford)
  • 1929 Margaret Pereira, English forensic scientist (Nicholls and Pereira method), born in Bexley (d. 2017)
  • 1929 Michael Atiyah, educator (Trinity College - Cambridge England)
  • 1929 Robert Wade-Gery, diplomat/exec director (Barclays de Zoete Wedd)
  • 1929 Victoria Opoku-Ware, Ghanaian queen
  • 1931 Henk Gortzak, Dutch MP (CPN/PSP)
  • 1931 Ronald Hynd, British choreographer (English National Ballet)
  • 1933 John A Llewellyn, Cardiff Wales, astronaut
  • 1933 Robin Hutton, merchant banker
  • 1934 David Ratford, diplomat
  • 1934 John K Barlow, English rubberplanter/financier/multi-millionaire
  • 1934 Nico Ladenis, British restauranteur (Nico at 90)/=
  • 1934 Edward Portman, 9th Viscount Portman, British landowner and multimillionaire (d. 1999)
  • 1935 Christopher Ball, linguist/warden (Keble College-Oxford)
  • 1937 Bobbi Fiedler, (Rep-R-CA, 1981- )
  • 1937 David Summerscale, head master (Westminster School England)
  • 1938 Adam Raphael, English journalist and author
  • 1939 John Chilcot, civil servant
  • 1939 John Foley, Bristish Lieutenant General
  • 1940 Peter Goldstein, joint founder (Superdrug)
  • 1943 Louise Glück, American poet and 12th US Poet Laureate
  • 1944 Steve Fossett, American adventurer (d. 2007)
  • 1945 Alan Dukes, Irish president (Fine Gael
  • 1945 Donald Graham, US businessman (Graham Holdings Company, Facebook)
  • 1945 Gielijn Escher, Dutch postage stamp artist
  • 1945 Robert Key, MP/British undersecretary for National Heritage
  • 1946 Archy Kirkwood, MP (L-D)
  • 1946 Dectuplets, Bacacay Brazil, 8 males & 2 females
  • 1946 John Waters, director (Hairspray)
  • 1946 Louise Harel, Quebec politician
  • 1950 Lewis Biggs, curator (Tate Gallery-North Liverpool)
  • 1951 Ana María Shua, Argentine poet

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1887 Business magnate Andrew Carnegie (51) weds Louise Whitfield (30) in NYC, New York

Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
Industrialist and Philanthropist
Andrew Carnegie
  • 2017 "Gotham" star Chris Chalk weds Kimberley Dalton Mitchell at the North Carolina Arboretum in Asheville, North Carolina

Deaths in History

  • 296 Pope Caius, Bishop of Rome 283-296
  • 536 St. Agapetus I, Italian Pope (535-36), dies
  • 1253 Elias van Cortona, Italian general (1232-39), dies at about 53
  • 1355 Eleonora Plantagenet, daughter of King Edward II, dies at 36
  • 1462 Gilbert of Lannoy, master of Villerval/Tronchiennes/Santes, dies
  • 1521 Juan de Padilla, Spanish nobleman/communero-rebel, beheaded
  • 1592 Bartolommeo Ammanati, Italian sculptor/architect, dies at 80
  • 1648 Catharina Belgian van Nassau, daughter of Willem, dies at 69
  • 1662 John Tradescant, traveller/gardener, dies
  • 1672 Georg Stiernhielm, Swedish scholar/author/poet (Hercules), dies at 73
  • 1699 Hans A baron von Abschatz, Silesian poet, dies at 53
  • 1758 Antoine de Jussieu, French naturalist (b. 1686)
  • 1778 James Hargreaves, inventor (spinning jenny), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1782 Anne Bonny, Irish pirate, dies in prison (date is approximate)

Pirate Anne Bonny
Pirate
Anne Bonny
  • 1788 Zacharias H Alewijn, Dutch poet, dies 46
  • 1806 Pierre-Charles Villeneuve, French admiral (stabbed) (b. 1763)
  • 1821 John Crome, [Old Crome], English landscape painter/etcher, dies at 52
  • 1827 Thomas Rowlandson, caricaturist, dies
  • 1830 Knud L Rahbek, Danish literary/historian, dies at 69
  • 1833 Richard Trevithick, inventor (steam locomotive), dies at 62
  • 1839 Denis Davydov, Russian general and poet (b. 1784)
  • 1854 Nicolás Bravo, Mexican politician and soldier (b. 1786)
  • 1864 Joseph Gilbert Totten, US Union general-major, dies at 76
  • 1865 Francis Washburn, US Union colonel/gen major, dies of injuries
  • 1877 James P. Kirkwood, American civil engineer (b. 1807)
  • 1890 Magnus Huss, Swedish Physician who coined the word alcoholism and was the first to define it as a disease, dies at 82
  • 1893 Chaim Aronson, inventor and academic (b. 1825)
  • 1896 Thomas Meik, British civil engineer (b. 1812)
  • 1901 William Stubbs, English historian and Anglican bishop, dies at 74

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1908 Henry Campbell-Bannerman, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1905-08), dies at 71

British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
  • 1929 Henry Lerolle, French painter (b. 1848)
  • 1930 Jeppe Aakjaer, Danish poet (b. 1866)
  • 1933 Frederick Henry Royce, motorcar pioneer, dies
  • 1945 Kathe Kollwitz, German graphic artist, dies at 77
  • 1946 Harlan Fiske Stone, Chief Justice Supreme Court (1941-46), dies at 73
  • 1950 Charles H Houston, architect of NAACP legal campaign, dies at 54
  • 1951 Horace Donisthorpe, British entomologist (b. 1870)
  • 1953 Top Naeff, [Anthonetta van Rhijn-N], Dutch writer, dies at 75
  • 1957 Ignatius Roy D Campbell, British poet (Garcia Lorca), dies at 54
  • 1961 Maria Radulphus, [Adrian Hermus], Curacao school inspector, dies at 91
  • 1968 Stephen H. Sholes, American recording executive (b. 1911)
  • 1981 Brailsford Reese Brazeal, dean (Morehouse College), dies at 76
  • 1982 Melville Bell Grosvenor, pres (National Geographic Society), dies at 80

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1984 Ansel Adams, US photographer, dies at 82

Photographer Ansel Adams
Photographer
Ansel Adams
  • 1985 Paul H. Emmett, American chemical engineer (b. 1900)
  • 1986 Mircea Eliade, writer, dies
  • 1989 Huey Newton, US, Black Panther leader, shot dead at 47

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1989 Emilio G. Segrè, Italian physicist and Nobel laureate (discovered the elements technetium, astatine and the sub-atomic antiparticle antiproton), dies at 84 of a heart attack

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Emilio G. Segrè
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Emilio G. Segrè
  • 1992 Billy Wayne White, murderer, executed in Texas at 34
  • 1992 Joop [Joseph] van Santen, Dutch 1st Chamber member (CPN), dies
  • 1993 Andries Treurnicht, founder South African Conservative Party, dies at 72

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1993 Cesar Chavez, US farm worker (United Farm Workers), dies at 66

Farm Labor Leader Cesar Chavez
Farm Labor Leader
Cesar Chavez
  • 1994 D Nauta, theologist/church historian/lawyer, dies at 96
  • 1994 Denis Pitts, journalist, dies at 64

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1994 Richard Nixon, 37th President (1969-75), dies of a stroke at 81

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1994 Schmidt Hans Burkhardt, artist, dies at 89
  • 1995 Maggie Kuhn, activist (Gray Panthers), dies at 89
  • 1996 Hiteshwar Saikia, PM of Indian state of Assam (1991-96), dies
  • 1999 Chan Canasta, magician and mindreader (b. 1920)
  • 2003 Martha Griffiths, U.S. Congresswoman (b. 1912)
  • 2004 Jason L. Dunham, American Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1981)
  • 2005 Erika Fuchs, German translator (b. 1906)
  • 2005 Philip Morrison, American physicist (b. 1915)
  • 2007 Juanita Millender-McDonald, congresswoman from southern California (b. 1938)
  • 2016 Isabelle Dinoire, French recipient of world's 1st partial face transplant, dies from surgical complications at 49
  • 2017 Norman T. Hatch, American oscar-winning marine cinematographer during WWII (With the Marines at Tarawa), dies at 96