On This Day in History for April 23

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 133

  • 215 BC A temple, built on the Capitoline Hill, is dedicated to Venus Erycina to commemorate the Roman defeat at Lake Trasimene
  • 1014 King Brian Boru of Ireland defeats Viking forces at Battle of Clontarf, freeing Ireland from foreign control
  • 1154 Damascus surrenders to Sultan Nur ad-Din van Aleppo
  • 1229 Ferdinand III of Castile conquers Cáceres
  • 1343 St. George's Night Uprising in Estonia
  • 1348 1st English order of knighthood founded (Order of Garter)
  • 1500 Pedro Cabral lands & annexes Brazil (Terra da Vera Cruz)
  • 1501 Portuguese navigator Pedro Cabral & 6 ships return to Lisbon
  • 1504 King Maximilian I routes troops to Bavaria

CommunicationGerman Beer Purity Law

1516 Duke Wilhelm IV of Bavaria endorses "The German Beer Purity Law" (Reinheitsgebot) and adds to it standards for the sale of beer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1597 William Shakespeare's "The Merry Wives of Windsor" is first performed, with Queen Elizabeth I of England in attendance

Playwright William Shakespeare
Playwright
William Shakespeare
Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1616 Netherlands buys De Briel/Vlissingen/Fort Rammekens from England
  • 1633 Sweden & Protestant German monarchy form Union of Heilbronn
  • 1635 Oldest US public institution, Boston Latin School founded
  • 1660 Treaty of Oliwa is established between Sweden and Poland.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1661 English king Charles II crowned in London

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1662 Connecticut chartered as an English colony
  • 1705 Richard Steele's "Tender Husband" premieres in London
  • 1723 Cornelis Steenoven elected archbishop of Utrecht

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 President-elect George Washington moves into Franklin House, NY

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1795 William Hastings acquitted in England of high treason
  • 1798 Dutch emperor accepts new Constitution
  • 1826 Missolonghi captured by Turks
  • 1827 William Rowan Hamilton presents his Theory of systems of rays.
  • 1838 English steamship "Great Western" crossing Atlantic docks in NYC
  • 1851 Canada issues its 1st postage stamps
  • 1860 Democratic convention in Charleston, South Carolina divided over slavery

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Robert E Lee named commander of Virginia Confederate forces (US Civil War)

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1861 Arkansas troops seize Ft Smith
  • 1864 Battle of Cane River, LA (Red River Expedition, Monett's Ferry)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 Queen Victoria & Napoleon III turn down plans for a channel tunnel

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • 1871 Blossom Rock in SF Bay blown up
  • 1878 1st Dutch test drive of steam tram
  • 1883 John Heemskerk Azn forms Dutch government
  • 1891 Jews are expelled from Moscow Russia
  • 1900 1st know occurrence of word "hillbillie" (NY Journal)
  • 1904 American Academy of Arts & Letters forms
  • 1908 Denmark, Germany, Britain, France, Netherlands & Sweden sign North Sea accord
  • 1910 International Exhibition opens in Brussels
  • 1915 ACA becomes National Advisory Council on Aeronautics (NACA)
  • 1916 Lord Dunsany's "Night at an Inn" premieres in NYC
  • 1918 Battle of Zeebrugge ends
  • 1918 Dover Patrol overthrows Germany U-boat in East Sea
  • 1918 National Urban League forms
  • 1920 Turkish Grand National Assembly 1st meets, in Ankara
  • 1920 The national council in Turkey denounces the government of Sultan Mehmed VI and announces a temporary constitution.
  • 1921 Charles Paddock runs world record 100m (10.4 secs)
  • 1923 Inauguration ceremonies take place of Gdynia as a temporary military port and fishers' shelter.
  • 1924 British Empire Exhibition opens at Wembley
  • 1925 Pastor LH Perquin forms Union of Catholic Dutch Radio (KRO) forms
  • 1925 Having badly defeated Spain and driven her out of Spanish Morocco, the native Riffi, led by Abd-el-Krim, turn on the French in French Morocco

  • 1932 Shakespeare Memorial Theatre opens at Stratford-on-Avon
  • 1932 The 153-year old De Adriaan Windmill in Haarlem, the Netherlands burns down.
  • 1935 Polish Constitution of 1935 is adopted.
  • 1936 Carl Hubbell's 1st start of season is his 17th straight win
  • 1938 Sudeten Germans in Czechoslovakia demand self government
  • 1939 1st performance of Béla Bartok's 2nd Concerto for violin
  • 1941 Greece Army surrenders to German Nazis RAF brings Greek king George II to Egypt
  • 1942 4-day allied bombing on Rostock begins
  • 1942 1st night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • 1943 British & US offensive directed at Tunis/Bizerta
  • 1945 Concentration camp Flossenburg liberated
  • 1945 US troops in Italy cross river Po
  • 1949 Chinese Red army conquers Nanjing
  • 1949 Courtesy mail boxes for motorists started in SF
  • 1949 Netherlands annexes Elten & Tudderen
  • 1950 Nationalist China evacuates Hainan Island
  • 1952 Bob Cain of Browns & Bob Feller of Indians each pitch a one-hitter
  • 1952 NY Giant Hoyt Wilhelm wins his 1st relief game & hits his only HR
  • 1952 Oil pipeline from Kirkuk to Banias completed
  • 1953 General Charles P Cabell, USAF, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1959 1st heliport in Britain opens in London
  • 1960 1st performance of Ferde Grofe's "San Francisco Suite"
  • 1961 Algiers putsch by French generals.
  • 1962 1st US satellite to reach the moon launched
  • 1962 Ranger 4, 1st US satellite to reach Moon launched from Cape Canaveral
  • 1964 New York State Theater opens
  • 1965 Launch of 1st Soviet communications satellite
  • 1965 "I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie Honey Bunch)" single released by the Four Tops (Billboard Song of the Year 1965)
  • 1967 Soyuz 1 launched; Vladimir Komarov becomes 1st in-flight casualty
  • 1968 1st decimal coins issued in Britain (5 & 10 new pence, replacing shilling and two-shilling pieces)
  • 1968 United Methodist Church forms
  • 1969 Over 1000 square miles flooded in Shantung Province China
  • 1969 Sirhan Sirhan sentenced to death for killing Bobby Kennedy
  • 1969 The Unionist Parliamentary Party votes by 28 to 22 to introduce universal adult suffrage in local government elections in Northern Ireland; the demand for 'one man, one vote' had been one of the most powerful slogans of the civil rights movement
  • 1971 Columbia University operations virtually end, by student strike
  • 1971 Soyuz 10 launched; cosmonauts become 1st in Salyut 1 space station
  • 1972 26th Tony Awards: Sticks & Bones & 2 Gentlemen of Verona win
  • 1972 Apollo 16 astronauts explores Moon surface
  • 1972 The Sunday Times Insight Team publish their account of the events of 'Bloody Sunday'
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Sary Shagan USSR
  • 1975 Harold Pinter's play "No Man's Land" premieres in London
  • 1977 Dr Allen Bussey completes 20,302 yo-yo loops
  • 1977 Milt workers kill 300-500 students in Addis Ababa
  • 1977 Czech chess master Vlastimil Hort plays 201 games simultaneously & only loses 10
  • 1978 Reds Joe Morgan ends record streak of 91 cons errorless games at 2nd
  • 1978 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1979 Fighting in London between the Anti-Nazi League and the Metropolitan Police Special Patrol Group results in the death of protester Blair Peach.
  • 1980 Soviet sub catches fire off Japan, 9 die
  • 1982 Conch Republic is established - secession of the Florida Keys from the United States of America

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 122

  • 1170 Isabelle of Hainaut, queen of France (d. 1190)
  • 1185 King Afonso II of Portugal (d. 1223)
  • 1464 Joan of France, Queen of France (1498) and catholic saint, born in Nogent-le-Roi (d. 1505)
  • 1484 Julius Caesar Scaliger, Italian scholar (On the Subtlety of Things)
  • 1500 Alexander Ales [Alesius], Scottish theologian of the school of Augsburg, born in Edinburgh (d. 1565)
  • 1516 Georg Fabricius, German poet, historian, and archaeologist (d. 1571)
  • 1564 William Shakespeare, English Poet and playwright (Romeo and Juliet, Macbeth), born in Stratford upon Avon, (d. 1616) traditionally regarded as his birthdate,
  • 1598 Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp, naval commander
  • 1621 William Penn, English admiral (d. 1670)
  • 1628 Johann van Waveren Hudde, Dutch mathematician (d. 1704)
  • 1629 John Commelin, director (Hortus Botanicus, Amsterdam)
  • 1697 George Baron Anson, British admiral/explorer
  • 1708 Friedrich von Hagedorn, German poet (Versuch einiger Poem)
  • 1720 Vilna Gaon, Lithuanian rabbi (d. 1797)
  • 1725 Saint Gerard Majella, Catholic saint (d. 1755)
  • 1728 Samuel Wallis, English explorer (Wallis Island)
  • 1746 Félix Vicq-d'Azyr, French physician and anatomist (d. 1794)
  • 1775 Joseph Mallord Turner, England, landscape painter (Shipwreck)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1791 James Buchanan, 15th US president (1857-61), born in Cove Gap, Pennsylvania (d. 1868)

15th US President James Buchanan
15th US President
James Buchanan
  • 1791 W Friedrich Olivier, German landscape painter/cartoonist
  • 1792 John Thomas Romney Robinson, Irish astronomer and physicist (d. 1882)
  • 1794 Wei Yuan, Chinese scholar (d. 1856)
  • 1803 Jules J baron d'Anethan, Belgian minister of Justice
  • 1804 Guillaume Nerenburger, Belgian general (Triangulatie of Belgium)
  • 1810 Thomas Wright, historian
  • 1813 Stephen Arnold Douglas, (Little giant), US senator (Lincoln debates)
  • 1813 Frédéric Ozanam, French scholar (Society of Saint Vincent de Paul) (d. 1853)
  • 1818 James Anthony Froude, historian
  • 1818 John Gill Shorter, Gov (Confederacy), (d. 1872)
  • 1823 Abd-ul-Mejid, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1861)
  • 1827 Johann F Ritter von Schulte, German Catholic lawyer
  • 1828 Albert FA, king of Saxon (1873-1902)
  • 1838 Alfred J Verwee, Flemish painter
  • 1852 Edwin Markham, American poet (1st winner of American Acad of Poets Award 1937)
  • 1853 Winthrop M. Crane, 40th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1920)
  • 1858 Max Planck, German physicist, father of Quantum Physics (Planck Constant, Nobel 1918), born in Kiel, Duchy of Holstein (d. 1947)
  • 1861 Edmund Henry Hynman, 1st viscount Allenby of Megiddo/Fieldmarshal
  • 1865 Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general (d. 1943)
  • 1867 Simon Abramsz, Dutch teacher, writer (For the Young Ones)
  • 1876 Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, German historian (d. 1925)
  • 1879 Emil Barth, German revolutionary (Social Democratic Party), born in Heidelberg (d. 1941)
  • 1882 Max [G M J] Winders Maximilien, Belgian architect (WWII)
  • 1888 Georges Vanier, French-Canadian soldier and diplomat (d. 1967)
  • 1889 Charles Warrell, big Chief I-Spy writer/teacher
  • 1892 Minus van Looi, [Benjamin van der Voort], Flemish writer
  • 1892 Richard Huelsenbeck, German Dada writer, born in born in Frankenau, Hessen-Nassau (d. 1974)
  • 1893 Frank Borzage, Salt Lake City, director (7th Heaven, Strange Cargo)
  • 1895 Ngaio Marsh, New Zealand writer (d. 1982)
  • 1896 Margaret Kennedy, novelist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1897 Lester B. Pearson, 14th Canadian Prime Minister (1963-68) (Nobel 1957), born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1972)

Prime Minister of Canada Lester B. Pearson
Prime Minister of Canada
Lester B. Pearson
  • 1897 Lucius du Bignon Clay, American WWII general and military governor of West Germany, born in Marietta, Georgia (d . 1978)
  • 1898 Edwin E Dwinger, German writer (General Vlassov)
  • 1899 Vladimir Nabokov, novelist (Lolita, Ada), born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1901 E.B. Ford, British ecological geneticist (d. 1988)
  • 1902 Halldór Laxness, Icelandic writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1998)
  • 1903 Guy Simonds, youngest general officer in the Canadian army (d 1974)
  • 1906 Maria Arnoldo, [Adrianus Broeders], photographer/writer
  • 1907 Lee (Elizabeth) Miller, Poughkeepsie New York, American photographer
  • 1908 Herbert Telley, British actuary
  • 1908 Myron Waldman, American animator (d. 2006)
  • 1909 Thomas Padmore, senior civil servant
  • 1911 Ronald Neame, British director (1st Monday in Oct, Poseidon Adventure), born in London, England (d. 2010)
  • 1914 Andrew Martin, Lord-Lt (Lechestershire England)
  • 1914 Mitsu Suzuki, teacher of tea ceremony at SF Zen Center
  • 1915 Arnold Hall, CEO (Hawker Siddeley Group)
  • 1917 Jacob Kistemaker, nuclear physicist (ultra centrifuge)
  • 1918 Maurice Druon, [Kessel], French writer/journalist (Prix Goncourt)
  • 1918 Gordon Hirabayshi, American civil rights activist and WWII internment opponent (Hirabayshi v. United States), born in Seattle, Washington (d. 2012)
  • 1919 Oleg Penkovsky, Soviet double-agent
  • 1920 Eric Yarrow, CEO (Clydesdale Bank)
  • 1922 Boy [Segundo JA] Ecury, Aruba, resistance fighter
  • 1922 Diarmuid Downs, auto engineer
  • 1923 Avram Davidson, American sci-fi author (Hugo, Peregrine: Primus, Rork!), born in Yonkers, New York (d. 1993)
  • 1923 James Kirkup, travel writer/poet/novelist (African in Greenland)
  • 1923 Dolph Briscoe, Governor of Texas
  • 1924 Colin Welch, columnist/critic
  • 1924 James Colin Ross Welch, journalist
  • 1924 Malcolm Anson, CEO (Wessex Water Authority)
  • 1926 James P Donleavy, novelist (Ginger Man, Onion Eaters), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1926 Richard Laws, Master (St Edmunds College Cambridge)
  • 1928 Bill Cotton, CEO (Noel Gay TV)
  • 1928 Okke Jager, Dutch theologist/writer/poet
  • 1929 George Steiner, professor (English)
  • 1930 Michael Bowen, RC Archbishop (Southwark)
  • 1932 Halston, [R Halston Frowick], fashion designer (1972 Hall of Fame)
  • 1933 Roger Wittevrongel, Flemish painter
  • 1936 Elias, [Etienne Michiels], Flemish painter
  • 1936 Joseph Willaert, Flemish painter
  • 1937 Victoria Glendinning, author (Edith Sitwell A Unicorn Among Lions)
  • 1938 Leonard Ernest John Chant, social worker
  • 1938 Russell Hillhouse, under-sect Scottish Office
  • 1938 Steven D Symms, (Sen-R-ID, 1981- )
  • 1939 William Hagerty, editor (People)
  • 1940 Richard Monaco, American sci-fi author (Grail War, Final Quest)
  • 1940 Michael Copps, American Federal Government official
  • 1941 Hal Daub, (Rep-R-NB, 1981- )
  • 1941 Paavo Lipponen, Prime Minister of Finland 1995-2003
  • 1941 Ray Tomlinson, computer programmer (invented email and the @ sign), born in Amsterdam , New York (d. 2016)
  • 1943 Carmen von Thyssen, Baroness, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • 1943 Herve Villechaize, French "Da Plane! Da Plane!" (Fantasy Island)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1445 Margaret of Anjou weds King Henry VI of England in Titchfield, Hampshire

Queen Consort to King Henry VI of England Margaret of Anjou
Queen Consort to King Henry VI of England
Margaret of Anjou
  • 1843 Samuel Gridley Howe, American physician and educator, marries Julia Ward, American poet and author
  • 1927 Mary Barbara Hamilton (25,)best-selling British romantic author, marries 1st husband Alexander McQorquodale

HeartWedding of Interest

1956 Novelist C. S. Lewis (57) weds poet Joy Davidman (41) at the register office in Oxford, England

Author and Theologian C. S. Lewis
Author and Theologian
C. S. Lewis

Divorces in History

  • 1992 British Princess Anne (the Princess Royal) and her 1st husband Captain Mark Phillips divorce after 19 years
  • 1993 Motley Crue's Mike Mars files for divorce from Emi-Canyn

Deaths in History

  • 34 Christ, crucified, according to Isaac Newton
  • 303 Saint George, Greek officer in the Roman army, beheaded. Patron saint of many lands including England
  • 725 Wihtred, King of Kent (c. 692-725)
  • 871 Ethelred I, king of Wessex/brother of Alfred the Great, dies
  • 990 Ekkehart II, [Palatinus], monk to St-Gallen/poet, dies
  • 997 Vojtech "Adalbert" of Prague, 2nd bishop of Prague/apostle, dies at 40
  • 1014 Brian Boru, High King of Ireland, dies in battle at Clontarf
  • 1016 Æthelred II "the Unready", king of England (979-1016), dies
  • 1124 Alexander I, King of Scots (1107-24), dies at 47
  • 1151 Queen Adeliza of England (b. 1103)
  • 1217 King Inge II of Norway (b. 1185)
  • 1407 Olivier de Clisson, French soldier (b. 1326)
  • 1416 Blaise/Blasius of Parma, Italian astrologist/philosopher/algebra, dies
  • 1605 Boris Godunov, chief adviser to Tsar Fyodor I and Tsar of Russia (1598-1605), dies after a lengthy illness and a stroke at approximately 20

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1616 William Shakespeare, English poet and playwright (b. 1564) (Julian calendar) dies aged 52

  • 1616 El Inca Garcilaso de la Vega, Peruvian writer (b. 1539)
  • 1625 Maurice of Nassau, Prince of Orange, dies at 57
  • 1695 Henry Vaughan, poet (Silex Scintillans), dies at 72
  • 1702 Margaret Fell, English Quaker leader (b. 1614)
  • 1740 Thomas Tickell, poet, dies
  • 1774 Christian Wilhelm Ernst Dietrich, painter, dies
  • 1781 James Abercrombie, British general (b. 1706)
  • 1786 Alexander Cozens, English water colors painter, dies at about 68
  • 1792 Karl Friedrich Bahrdt, German theologian and adventurer, dies at 50
  • 1794 Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes, French statesman (executed) (b. 1721)
  • 1839 Jacques Félix Emmanuel Hamelin, French explorer (b. 1768)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1850 William Wordsworth, English Romantic poet (The Prelude), dies at 80

  • 1853 Auguste Laurent, chemist, dies
  • 1865 James Dearing, US Confederate brigadier general, dies at 24
  • 1878 Friedrich Preller, landscape painter, dies
  • 1880 Guess Saleh, [Sarief Bastaman], Javanese painter, dies
  • 1889 Jules Barbey d'Aurevilly, French writer (b. 1808)
  • 1895 Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Ludwig, physiologist, dies
  • 1895 Carl Ludwig, German physician (b. 1815)
  • 1905 Gédéon Ouimet, Quebec politician (b. 1823)
  • 1907 Alfred Packer, American Cannibal (b. 1842)
  • 1915 Rupert Chawner Brooke, English poet (Lithuania), dies at 27
  • 1918 Percy Thomson Dean, lt-commander, killed at Zeebrugge, dies
  • 1926 Joseph Pennell, artist/author, dies
  • 1929 Rudolf W Nilsen, Norwegian poet (Hverdagen), dies at 28
  • 1936 Teresa de la Parra, Venezuelan writer (b. 1889)
  • 1945 Albrecht Haushofer, writer, dies at 42
  • 1951 Charles G. Dawes, Vice President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1865)
  • 1952 Minus van Looi, [Benjamin van der Neart], Flemish writer, dies at 60
  • 1952 Julius Freed, American inventor and banker (b. 1887)
  • 1955 Robert H Woltjer, classical/AR-First-Member of parliament, dies at 76
  • 1960 Cornelis Jan Bakkerr, Dutch/US nuclear physicist, dies
  • 1960 Toyohiko Kagawa, Japanese Christian-social reformer/writer, dies at 71
  • 1971 William Tubman, President of Liberia (1944-71), dies at 76
  • 1973 Otto Eissfeldt, German old testament scholar, dies at 85
  • 1975 R D Brinkmann, writer, dies
  • 1979 Blair Peach, New Zealand-born anti-fascist (b. 1946)
  • 1981 Josep Pla, Catalan journalist and writer (b. 1897)
  • 1985 Sam J Ervin Jr, (Sen-D-NC), dies at 88
  • 1986 Otto Preminger, dir (Advise & Consent, Anatomy of Murder), dies at 79
  • 1988 Arthur Michael, Lord Ramsey/archbishop of Canterbury, dies
  • 1990 Albert Salmi, (Caddyshack), kills terminally ill wife & self at 62
  • 1991 Peter Bailey, Graphic designer/calligrapher, dies
  • 1992 Deron Johnson, 1965 NL run leader, dies of cancer at 53
  • 1992 Satyajit Ray, Indian director (Distant Thunder/Agantuk), dies at 70
  • 1993 Bertus Aafjes, poet/writer (World is a Muze), dies at 78
  • 1993 Lalith Athulathmudali, Sri Lankan minister, murdered at 59
  • 1994 Cassidy Clinton Cremer, author (John Cremer), murdered at 30
  • 1994 Cecile Dreesmann, son of Anton Dreesmann, dies at 74
  • 1995 Robert Selby Taylor, bishop, dies at 86
  • 1996 Pamela Lyndon Travers, writer (Mary Poppins), dies at 96
  • 1996 Jean-Victor Allard, Canadian military officer (b. 1913)
  • 1998 Constantine Karamanlis, Greek politician (b. 1907)
  • 1998 James Earl Ray, American assassin of Martin Luther King Jr., dies while still under detention of complications related to kidney disease and liver failure caused by hepatitis C at 70
  • 2003 James H. Critchfield, American Central Intelligence agent (b. 1917)
  • 2003 Fernand Fonssagrives, French photographer (b. 1910)
  • 2005 Joh Bjelke-Petersen, Premier of Queensland (b. 1911)
  • 2005 Al Grassby, Australian immigration minister (b. 1928)
  • 2005 Romano Scarpa, Italian-born comic artist (b. 1927)
  • 2006 Johnnie Checketts, New Zealand fighter pilot (b. 1912)
  • 2007 Paul Erdman, American economist and author (b. 1932)
  • 2007 David Halberstam, American journalist, historian and author (b. 1934)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2007 Boris Yeltsin, Russian politician and 1st President of Russian Federation (1991-99), dies of congestive heart failure at 76

Russian President Boris Yeltsin
Russian President
Boris Yeltsin
  • 2008 William H. Stewart, 10th US Surgeon General (1965-69), dies at 86
  • 2011 Geoffrey Russell, 4th Baron Ampthill (b. 1921)
  • 2013 Robert Edgar, American Congressman, dies from a heart attack at 69
  • 2016 Banharn Silpa-archa, Prime Minister of Thailand (1995-96), dies at 83