On This Day in History for April 24

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 129

  • 1479 BC Thutmose III ascends to the throne of Egypt, although power effectively shifts to Hatshepsut (according to the Low Chronology of the 18th Dynasty).
  • 1184 BC The Greeks enter Troy using the Trojan Horse (traditional date).
  • 858 Nicholas I succeeds Benedict III as pope
  • 1066 Halley's Comet sparks English monk to predict country will be destroyed
  • 1185 Battle at Danoura: Yoshitsune Minamoto's fleet beats the Taira during Japan's Genpei War
  • 1288 Jews of Troyes France are accused of ritual murder
  • 1311 General Malik Kafur returns to Delhi after campaign in South India
  • 1364 Pope Urban V names John V van Virneburg as Bishop of Utrecht
  • 1524 Duke of Bourbon drives Admiral Bonnivet out of Milan
  • 1547 Battle of Muhlberg: Emperor Karel V vs ruler Johan F the Brave
  • 1570 Battles between Spanish troops & followers of Sultan Suleiman
  • 1596 Pacificatie of Ireland drawn
  • 1704 "Boston News-Letter" 1st successful newspaper in US, forms
  • 1792 "La Marseillaise" composed by Claude-Joseph Rouget de Lisle
  • 1800 US Library of Congress establishes with $5,000 allocation
  • 1801 1st performance of Joseph Haydn's oratorio "Die Jahreszeiten"
  • 1833 Jacob Evert & George Dulty patent 1st soda fountain
  • 1863 Skirmish at Okolona/Birmingham, Mississippi (Grierson's Raid)
  • 1865 Fire alarm & police telegraph system put into operation (SF)
  • 1867 Black demonstrators stage ride-ins on Richmond Va streetcars
  • 1872 Volcano Mt Vesuvius erupts
  • 1877 Last federal occupying troops withdraw from the South (New Orleans)
  • 1877 Russo-Turkish War, 1877-78: Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1883 28 Surinamers depart to Amsterdam World's Fair
  • 1884 National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes (Atlanta)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1888 Eastman Kodak founded by George Eastman

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman
  • 1891 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Final Problem"
  • 1895 Joshua Slocum completes around-the-world voyage in 11-m boat
  • 1897 1st reporter, William Price (Washington Star), assigned to White House

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1898 US fleet under commodore George Dewey sails from Hong Kong to Philippines

Admiral George Dewey
Admiral
George Dewey
  • 1898 Spanish-American War: Spain declares war after rejecting US ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1899 Transvaal British Uitlanders ask Queen Victoria for aid

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • 1901 1st AL game, Chic beats Cleve Blues 8-2, 3 other games rained out
  • 1904 President Loubet of France visits King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and pointedly ignores the Pope, exacerbating relations between France and the Roman Catholic Church

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907 Hersheypark, founded by Milton S. Hershey for the exclusive use of his employees, is opened.

Chocolate Tycoon Milton S. Hershey
Chocolate Tycoon
Milton S. Hershey
  • 1908 Mr & Mrs Jacob Murdock become 1st to travel across US by car, they leave LA in a Packard & arrive in NYC in 32d-5h-25m
  • 1909 Harry Hillman & Lawson Robertson run 100m 3-legged race in 11 seconds
  • 1910 German Catholic youth movement Quickborn forms
  • 1913 Skyscraper, the Woolworth Building in New York City is opened - world's tallest building at the time
  • 1914 A shipment of 35,000 rifles and 5 million rounds of ammunition are landed at Larne for the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF, an Ulster loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland
  • 1915 German army fires chloroform gas in Ieper
  • 1915 Massacre of Armenians by Turks starts (Armenian Martyrs Day)
  • 1915 Pitts' Frank Allen no-hits St Louis (Federal League), 2-0

Victory in battleEaster Proclamation of 1916

1916 Easter Rising of Irish republicans against British occupation begins in Dublin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 Ernest Shackleton and five men of the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition launch a lifeboat from uninhabited Elephant Island in the Southern Ocean to organise a rescue for ice-trapped ship Endurance

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton
  • 1917 US Congress passes the Liberty Loan Act, authorizing the Treasury to issue a public subscription for 2 billion in bonds for the war
  • 1920 British Mandate over Palestine goes into effect (lasts 28 years)
  • 1920 Polish troops attack Ukraine
  • 1921 1st municipal elections for men & women in Belgium
  • 1921 Under Allies supervision, a plebiscite in the Tyrol favors merging with Germany; unhappy with the outcome, Allies give the area to Italy
  • 1923 General harbor strike begins in NYC
  • 1925 88°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in April
  • 1928 Fathometer, which measures underwater depth, patented
  • 1929 1st non-stop England to India flight takes-off
  • 1929 Thorvald Stauning becomes premier of Denmark
  • 1932 German national election (NSDAP 36.3% in Prussia)
  • 1941 British army begins evacuation of Greece
  • 1941 Dutch Prince Bernhard becomes an RAF pilot
  • 1942 2nd night Exeter bombed by German Luftwaffe
  • 1944 1st Boeing B-29 arrives in China "over the Hump"
  • 1945 Delegates of 46 countries gather in SF (to discuss UN)
  • 1946 11 players Tinker, Evers, Chance, Burkett, McCarthy, Waddell, Plank, Walsh, Chesbro, Griffith, & McGinnity are named to Hall of Fame
  • 1949 3rd Tony Awards: Death of a Salesman & Kiss Me Kate win
  • 1950 Independent republic of South Molukkas declared
  • 1950 US President Harry Truman denies there are communists in the US government
  • 1950 Jordan formally annexes the West Bank

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Winston Churchill knighted by Queen Elizabeth II

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1954 1st American, civilian pilot, P.R. Holden, wounded in Indochina
  • 1954 Australia & USSR break diplomatic relations
  • 1955 Conference of Bandung against colonialism/for self determination, ends
  • 1955 Gaullists lose elections in France
  • 1956 AL ump Frank Umont is 1st to wear glasses in a regular season game
  • 1960 14th Tony Awards: Miracle Worker & Fiorello! win
  • 1960 Heavy earthquake strikes South Persia, 500 killed
  • 1960 Record 4 grand slams hit today

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 JFK accepts "sole responsibility" following Bay of Pigs

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy

CommunicationThe Sinking of the Vasa

1961 17th century Swedish warship Vasa, which sunk on her maiden voyage in 1628, is salvaged

  • 1962 1st Lockheed A-12 is taxi tested
  • 1962 MIT sends TV signal by satellite for 1st time: CA to MA
  • 1962 Sandy Koufax's 2nd 18-strikeout game
  • 1963 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 Mexico becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
  • 1965 Military coup under Donald Reid Cabral in Dominican Republic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland says in a news conference that the enemy had "gained support in the United States that gives him hope that he can win politically that which he cannot win militarily."

  • 1968 Leftist students take over Columbia University, NYC
  • 1968 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1968 Mauritius becomes a member state of the United Nations.
  • 1969 Marshall Lin Biao named Mao's designated successor as the sole Vice Chairman of the Communist Party of China
  • 1969 Lebanese army in battle with Palestinians
  • 1969 US B-52's drop 3,000 ton bombs at Cambodian boundary
  • 1969 Car firm British Leyland launch the Austin Maxi in Oporto Portugal
  • 1969 Loyalist members of the Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) and the Ulster Protestant Volunteers (UPV) explode a bomb at a water pipeline between Lough Neagh and Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • 1970 People's Republic of China launches its 1st satellite transmitting song "East is Red"
  • 1970 Gambia becomes a republic within Commonwealth
  • 1971 "Frank Merriwell" opens and closes at Longacre Theater NYC (1 performance only)
  • 1971 Soyuz 10 returns to Earth
  • 1974 Dutch women hockey team becomes world champion
  • 1975 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1979 Rhodesian bishop Muzorewa wins general election
  • 1980 US military operation to save 52 hostages in Iran, fails, 8 die

Birthdays in History

  • 1533 William I of Orange (d. 1584)
  • 1581 Vincent de Paul, French saint (d. 1660)
  • 1620 John Graunt, statistician, founder of science of demography
  • 1660 Cornelis Dusart, Dutch painter/engraver
  • 1718 Nathaniel Hone, Irish-born painter (d. 1784)
  • 1743 Edmund Cartwright, England, cleric, inventor (power loom)
  • 1750 Simon-Antoine-Jean Lhuillier, Swiss mathematician
  • 1766 Robert Bailey Thomas, founder (Farmer's Almanac)
  • 1773 Harman W Muntinghe, Dutch lawyer and colonial director
  • 1784 Peter Vivian Daniel, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1860)
  • 1791 Nikolaj A Bestuzhev, Russia, writer/painter (Account about Holland)
  • 1796 Karl Leberecht Immermann, German writer, born in Magdeburg (d. 1840)
  • 1804 Thomas Oliver Selfridge, Comm (Union Navy)
  • 1807 Charles Ferguson Smith, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)
  • 1814 Angela Burdett-Coutts, philanthropist extrordinaire
  • 1814 Vincente F Lopez, Argentina historian (La Novia del Hereje)
  • 1815 Anthony Trollope, English novelist/poet (Barchester Towers)
  • 1815 James Edward Harrison, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1875)
  • 1822 Erastus Barnard Tyler, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1824 Fournier, Swiss/French postage stamp forger
  • 1828 Robert Brank Vance, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1899)
  • 1829 George Peabody Estey, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1881)
  • 1836 Jeltje de Bosch Kemper, Dutch feminist
  • 1837 Friedrich von Holstein, German diplomat (die graue Eminenz)
  • 1845 Carl Spitteler, Switz, poet (Prometheus & Epimetheus; Nobel 1919)
  • 1849 Joseph S Gallieni, general (Battle of Marne)/milt governor (Paris)
  • 1851 Eduardo Acevedo Diaz, Uruguaian writer (Ismael, Grito de Gloria)
  • 1856 Henri POBJ Pétain, French marshal (Verdun/Vichy regime)
  • 1864 George AA Alting van Geusau, dir-gen (PTT)/Dutch Min of War (1918-20)
  • 1867 Fannie Thomas, became oldest known American (113 y 273 d at death)
  • 1873 Theodor Korner von Siegringen, Austrian general/president
  • 1874 John Russell Pope, American architect (Jefferson Memorial, National Archives and Records Administration), born in NYC, New York (d. 1937)
  • 1874 Willem E Roelofs, Dutch painter/cartoonist
  • 1876 Ioannis Georgiadis, Greek fencer (d. 1960)
  • 1876 Erich Raeder, German naval commander (d. 1960)
  • 1878 Jean Crotti, Swiss artist (d. 1958)
  • 1882 Hugh Dowding, commander of RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain (d. 1970)
  • 1883 Jaroslav Hasek, Czech writer (Brave soldier Schweik) [or April 30]
  • 1886 Kurt Pinthus, German-American writer, born in Erfurt (d. 1975)
  • 1886 R Pelgrom, oldest Dutch man (died Apr 15, 1994, 9 days short of 108)
  • 1887 Denys Finch Hatton, English big-game hunter (d. 1931)
  • 1889 [Richard] Stafford Cripps, Engl min of Plane-manufacturing (1942-45)
  • 1889 Lyubov Popova, Russian painter (d. 1924)
  • 1895 S Constantine Timoshenko, Russian marshal/people's commissioner
  • 1897 Benjamin Lee Whorf, linguist (or 1797)
  • 1897 Manuel Ávila Camacho, President of Mexico (d. 1955)
  • 1899 Oscar Zariski, Russian-born mathematician (d. 1986)
  • 1903 Jose A Primo de Rivera y Saenz de Heredia, founder (Spanish Falange)
  • 1903 Siegfried F Nadel, Austrian/British anthropologist (Black Byzantium)
  • 1904 Willem De Kooning, Rotterdam Netherland, artist (North Atlantic Light)
  • 1905 Robert Penn Warren, 1st US poet laureate (All the King's Men)
  • 1906 William Joyce, Irish fascist (d. 1946)
  • 1909 Bernhard Grzimek, zoologist (West Germany)
  • 1909 Irven Spence, animator
  • 1911 Karl O Schiller, German economist (Minister of Economics)
  • 1914 Bernard Caulfield, judge
  • 1914 Justin Wilson, cajun chef (Wise Potato Chips)
  • 1916 Stanley Kauffmann, American playwright (Red Handkerchief Man), born in NYC, New York
  • 1924 Sir Clement Freud, British writer, radio personality, and politician
  • 1926 Thorbjorn Falldin, Swedish politician, Prime Minister (1976-78, 79-82) and sheep farmer, born in Hogsjo (d. 2016)
  • 1927 Pasqualino de Santis, cinematographer
  • 1927 Patrick Bowles, writer/translator
  • 1930 Conn Findlay, coxswain (Oly-2 gold/bronze-56, 64, 76), born in Stockton, California
  • 1931 Bridget Riley, British painter (op-art)
  • 1935 Louis Keith, physician (expert on multiple-births), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1940 Sue Grafton, American author
  • 1942 Richard M Daley, (mayor-D-Chicago)
  • 1942 Valeri Abramovich Voloshin, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1947 Josep Borrell Fontelles, Former President of the European Parliament
  • 1947 Roger D. Kornberg, American chemist, Nobel-prized
  • 1948 Benzion Freshwater, English multi-millionaire
  • 1948 Paul Cellucci, 69th Governor of Massachusetts and former United States Ambassador to Canada, (d. 2013)
  • 1951 Andrew John Fairclough, trade union educator
  • 1952 Jean Paul Gaultier, Arcueil France, French fashion designer
  • 1953 John P Hiler, (Rep-R-IN, 1981- )
  • 1954 Mumia Abu-Jamal, American death-row inmate
  • 1955 Jack Kingston, (Rep-R-Georgia)
  • 1955 John de Mol, Dutch media businessman
  • 1958 Brian Paddick, British former deputy assistant commissioner and most senior openly gay police officer
  • 1959 Yvonne D Cagle, West Point NY, MD/astronaut
  • 1959 Malcolm Oastler, Australian engineer
  • 1968 Hashim Thaci, Kosovan politician
  • 1971 Phil Rogers, Adelaide SA Aust, 100m breaststroker (Oly-bronze-92, 96)
  • 1972 Jure Košir, Slovenian skier
  • 1974 Dave Vitty, British radio personality
  • 1977 Siarhey Balakhonau, Belarusian writer
  • 1979 Laurentia Tan, Singaporean Paralympic equestrienne
  • 1983 Princess Iman bint Al Hussein of Jordan

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1558 Queen Mary Stuart of Scotland marries French crown prince Francois

Queen of Scotland Mary Stuart
Queen of Scotland
Mary Stuart
  • 1575 William (the Silent) of Orange marries 3rd wife Charlotte de Bourbon and former French nun
  • 1854 Austria's Franz Joseph I marries Elisabeth A E "Sissi"

HeartWedding of Interest

1874 Outlaw Jesse James marries cousin Zerelda 'Zee' Mimms

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • 1963 English princess Alexandra marries Sir Angus Ogilvy at Westminster Abbey
  • 2004 Prince Friso of Orange (35), 2nd son of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands marries Mabel Wisse Smit (35) without formal permission of parliament.
  • 2013 Actress and director Melissa Gilbert (48) weds actor Timothy Busfield (55) at the San Ysidro Ranch in Santa Barbara, California

Deaths in History

  • 624 Mellitus, third Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 709 Wilfrid, English bishop and saint, dies at about 76
  • 729 Egbert[us], English bishop/saint, dies in Iona at 89
  • 1077 Geza I, King of Hungary (1074-7), dies
  • 1185 Antoku Taira, emperor of Japan (1180-85), drowns
  • 1338 Marquis Theodore I of Montferrat (b. 1291)
  • 1530 Jacopo Sannazaro, Italian poet (De partu Virginis), dies
  • 1617 Carlo Concino, French marquis of Ancre/state advisor, murdered
  • 1622 Fidelis of Sigmaringen, Swiss friar, martyr, and saint (b. 1577)
  • 1656 Thomas Fincke, Danish mathematician and physicist (b. 1561)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1731 Daniel Defoe, English novelist (Robinson Crusoe), dies at about 70

Novelist Daniel Defoe
Novelist
Daniel Defoe
  • 1736 Prince Eugene of Savoy, French-born Austrian general (b. 1663)
  • 1776 Carolus van de Abeele, Flemish Jesuit, dies at 84
  • 1779 Eleazar Wheelock, American founder of Dartmouth College (b. 1711)
  • 1824 Herman Muntinghe, theologist (History of Mankind), dies at 71
  • 1852 Vasily Zhukovsky, Russian poet (b. 1783)
  • 1891 Count Helmuth K B von Moltke, Prussian gen/fieldmarshal, dies
  • 1900 George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll and Secretary of State for India (1868-74, 1880-85), dies at 76
  • 1900 Andrew Smith Hallidie, American inventor and cable car pioneer, dies at 64
  • 1904 Friedrich Siemens, German industrial, dies at 77
  • 1912 Justin M'Carthy, politician/novelist (Miss Misanthrope), dies at 81
  • 1917 Oskar Blumenthal, writer, dies
  • 1924 G. Stanley Hall, American psychologist (b. 1844)
  • 1938 George Grey Barnard, American sculptor (b. 1863)
  • 1941 Karin Boye, Swedish writer (Kallocain) commits suicide at 40

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1942 Lucy Maud Montgomery, Canadian author (Anne of Green Gables), dies at 67

  • 1942 Leonid Kulik, Russian Minerologist (Tunguska meteor site) dies of typhus in a Nazi prison camp at 58
  • 1943 Gerardus H de Hare, socialist vicar, dies at 63
  • 1944 William Stephens, U.S. political figure (b. 1859)
  • 1945 Anton de Kom, Suriname resistance fighter, dies at 47
  • 1947 Willa Cather, American writer (b. 1873)
  • 1952 Hans [Hendrik A] Kramers, physicist (quantum mechanics), dies at 57
  • 1952 Jules Poncelet, Belgian minister of State, dies at 82
  • 1955 Alfred Polgar, Austrian writer/theater critic, dies at 79
  • 1956 Albrecht G Alt, German theologist (Small Schriften), dies at 72
  • 1957 Andries CD de Graeff, gov-gen of Neth Indies (1926-31), dies at 84
  • 1964 Gerhard Domagk, German bacteriologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (declined) (b. 1895)
  • 1967 Vladimir M Komarov, cosmonaut (Voshkod I), dies in Soyuz 1 at 40
  • 1976 Mark Tobey, US abstract painter, (Broadway Norm), dies at 85
  • 1980 Alenjo Carpentier, Cuban/French writer (Guerra del Tiempo), dies at 75
  • 1985 Sergei Yutkevich, Russian director, (Otello, Banya), dies at 80

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1986 Wallis Simpson [Duchess of Windsor], American divorcee whom British King Edward VIII abdicated his throne to marry, dies at 89

Duchess of Windsor Wallis Simpson
Duchess of Windsor
Wallis Simpson
  • 1990 Joseph Leberman, entertainer, dies
  • 1991 J de Graaf, ethicus/president church & peace, dies
  • 1993 Oliver R Tambo, chairman (African National Congress), dies at 75
  • 1995 Douglas Gunsekera, banker, dies at 77
  • 2001 Leon Sullivan, African-American civil rights leader and pastor (b. 1922)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2004 Estée Lauder, American cosmetics entrepreneur (Estée Lauder cosmetics), dies of cardiopulmonary arrest at 97

Cosmetics Company Founder Estée Lauder
Cosmetics Company Founder
Estée Lauder
  • 2005 Ezer Weizman, President of Israel (b. 1924)
  • 2005 Fei Xiaotong, Chinese sociologist (b. 1910)
  • 2006 Moshe Teitelbaum, Hassidic rabbi (b. 1914)
  • 2009 John Michell, British writer, (b. 1933)
  • 2011 Sathya Sai Baba, Indian guru, spiritual figure (b. 1926)