On This Day in History for April 25

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 152

  • 1185 Sea battle at Dan-no-ura: Minamoto Yoritomo beats Taira-family
  • 1449 Anti-pope Felix V resigns
  • 1507 German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller first to use the name America on his world map "Universalis Cosmographia"
  • 1541 -26) Liege flooded after heavy down pour
  • 1604 Count Maurits' army lands at Cadzand
  • 1607 Battle at Gibraltar: Dutch fleet beats Spanish/Portuguese fleet
  • 1614 Amsterdam Bank of Loan forms
  • 1626 Battle at the Dessau bridge: Albrecht von Wallenstein beats Ernst von Mansfeld

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1660 English Convention Parliament meets and votes to restore Charles II

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1678 French troops conquer Ypres
  • 1684 Patent granted for thimble
  • 1707 Battle of Almansa; Franco-Spanish forces defeat British and Portuguese

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1719 Daniel Defoe publishes "Robinson Crusoe"

Novelist Daniel Defoe
Novelist
Daniel Defoe
  • 1747 Prince Willem V appointed viceroy of Zealand
  • 1792 Guillotine first used in France, executes highwayman Nicolas Pelletier
  • 1829 Charles Fremantle arrives in HMS Challenger off the coast of modern-day Western Australia prior to declaring the Swan River Colony for the United Kingdom.
  • 1846 Thornton Affair: Open conflict begins over the disputed border of Texas, triggering the Mexican-American War.
  • 1849 The Governor General of Canada, Lord Elgin, signs the Rebellion Losses Bill, outraging Montreal's English population and triggering the Montreal Riots.
  • 1850 Paul Julius Reuter, use 40 pigeons to carry stock market prices
  • 1859 Ground broken for Suez Canal
  • 1861 Battle of Lavaca, Texas (US Civil War)
  • 1861 The Union Army arrives to reinforce Washington, D.C. (US Civil War)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Capture of New Orleans LA by the Union under Flag Officer Farragut

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut
  • 1864 Battle of Marks' Mill, Arkansas (Camden Expedition)
  • 1867 Tokyo opens for foreign trade
  • 1875 Latest date for measurable snow in NYC (3")
  • 1881 250,000 Germans petition to bar foreign Jews from entering Germany
  • 1881 French troops occupy Algeria & Tunisia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 Sigmund Freud opens practice at Rathausstrasse 7, Vienna

Father of Psychology Sigmund Freud
Father of Psychology
Sigmund Freud

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1891 US President Benjamin Harrison visits San Francisco

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • 1898 Spanish-American War: The United States declares state of war on Spain effective from 21st April.
  • 1901 New York becomes 1st state requiring automobile license plates ($1 fee)
  • 1902 Erwin Harvey becomes 1st Cleveland ballplayer (Cleveland Bronchos) to have six hits in one game
  • 1904 NY Highlander Jack Chesbro's 1st of 41 wins this year
  • 1905 Whites win right to vote in South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 US President Woodrow Wilson is persuaded by Argentina, Brazil, and Chile to accept mediation in the conflict with Mexico

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1915 First landings at Gaba Tepe and Cape Helles on the Gallipoli Peninsula by ANZAC forces during WWI

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1925 Paul von Hindenburg is elected the President of Germany

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • 1926 Persian cossack officer Reza Chan crowns himself Shah Palawi
  • 1927 Spain routes 20,000 soldiers to Morocco (uprising Rifkabylen)
  • 1928 Buddy, a German Shepherd, becomes 1st guide dog for a US citizen Morris Frank
  • 1932 Rose Franken's "Another Language" premieres in NYC
  • 1933 US & Canada drop Gold Standard

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Operation Merkur: Hitler orders conquest of Kreta

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1942 Beginning of a 3 night bombing blitz on Bath by German Luftwaffe - 417 killed
  • 1943 The Demyansk Shield for German troops in commemoration of Demyansk Pocket is instituted.
  • 1944 United Negro College Fund incorporates
  • 1945 45 countries convene UN Conference on Intl Organization in SF
  • 1945 Allied air raid on Surabaja, Java
  • 1945 British troops reach Grebbe line Neth
  • 1945 Clandestine Radio 1212, used to hoax Nazi Germany's final transmission
  • 1945 Last Boeing B-17 attack against Nazi Germany
  • 1945 "Elbe Day" - US and Soviet forces meet at Torgau, Germany on the Elbe River during the invasion of Germany in WWII
  • 1946 "Exposition Flyer" rammed at Napierville Illinois, killing 48
  • 1946 Christopher Fry's "Phoenix too Frequent" premieres in London
  • 1947 Trial against WW II mayor of Amsterdam Edward Voete begins
  • 1949 Friedrich Durrenmatt's "Romulus der Grosse" premieres in Basel
  • 1950 Republik Maluku Selatan (also known as the Republic of the South Moluccas) declared on Ambon
  • 1952 American Bowling Congress approves use of an automatic pinsetter
  • 1952 German state of Bathe-Wurttemberg forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Francis Crick and James Watson's discovery of the double helix structure of DNA is published in "Nature" magazine

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick
Molecular Biologist James Watson
Molecular Biologist
James Watson

1stFirst Solar Battery

1954 Bell labs announces the 1st solar battery made from silicon. It has about 6% efficiency.

  • 1954 British raid Nairobi, Kenya (25,000 Mau Mau suspects arrested)
  • 1954 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island atmospher
  • 1957 1st experimental sodium nuclear reactor operated
  • 1957 Ibrahim Hashim forms Jordanian government
  • 1959 St Lawrence Seaway linking Atlantic, Great Lakes opens to shipping
  • 1959 Then-bishop Karol Wojtyla's celebrates newly completed Nowa Huta, Poland's first ever Mass at midnight of Christmas morning
  • 1960 1st submerged circumnavigation of Earth completed (Triton)
  • 1961 Belgium government of Gaston Eyskens falls over the Unitary Law
  • 1961 France performs nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria
  • 1961 Mercury/Atlas rocket lifted off with an electronic mannequin
  • 1961 Premier Moise Tsjombe of Katanga arrested in Congo
  • 1961 Robert Noyce patents integrated circuit
  • 1961 Unmanned Mercury test explodes on launch pad
  • 1962 Cleve sends Harry Chiti to Mets for a player to be named later, on June 15 the Mets send Chiti back to Cleveland
  • 1962 Lion & Tiger Veldt at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo is dedicated
  • 1962 US Ranger spacecraft crash lands on Moon
  • 1962 US resumes above ground nuclear testing, at Christmas Island
  • 1966 Drunk driver kills 10 children in Asse, Belgium
  • 1967 Abortion legalized in Colorado
  • 1967 Britain grants internal self-government to Swaziland
  • 1967 Jules Feiffer's "Little Murders" premieres in NYC
  • 1969 5,400th & last episode of BBC Radio serial "The Dales" (formerly "Mrs Dale's Diary" )
  • 1970 Freda Payne releases "Band of Gold"
  • 1970 Melanie (Safka) releases "Lay Down"
  • 1971 About 200,000 anti-Vietnam War protesters march on Washington, D.C.
  • 1971 US canal rights in Nicaragua & rights to Corn Islands expire
  • 1971 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1971 The Northern Ireland census is held
  • 1972 Hans-Werner Grosse glides 907.7 miles (1,461 km) in an AS-W-12
  • 1973 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Gunther Guillaume, an aide to West German Chancellor Willy Brandt, found to be a spy

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt
  • 1974 Leo Tindemans forms Belgium government
  • 1974 Marcello Caetano overthrown in Portugal (Carnation revolution)
  • 1975 1st Boeing Jetfoil revenue service, Hong Kong to Macao

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1975 Mário Soares' Socialist Party wins Portugal's first free election since 1925

President of Portugal Mário Soares
President of Portugal
Mário Soares
  • 1975 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1975 West German embassy blown up in Stockholm, Sweden

Birthdays in History

  • 1214 Louis IX, King of France (1226-70)
  • 1228 Conrad IV, Andria Italy, King of Germany, Jerusalem and Sicily (d. 1254)
  • 1284 Edward II, King of England (1307-27), Caernarfon Castle Gwynedd,
  • 1287 Roger de Mortimer, 1st Earl of March, de facto ruler of England (d. 1330)
  • 1502 Georg Major, German Protestant theologian (d. 1574)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1599 Oliver Cromwell, Puritan lord protector of England (1653-58), born in Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England (d. 1658)

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1608 Jean BG duke of Orleans, brother of French King Louis XIII/general
  • 1614 Hieronymus van Beverningk, chief Dutch treasurer/maecenas
  • 1621 Roger Boyle, 1st Earl of Orrery, British soldier, statesman, and dramatist (d. 1679)
  • 1677 Guillaume Coustou Sr, French sculptor (Chevaux the Marly)
  • 1694 Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, English architect (d. 1753)
  • 1710 James Ferguson, astronomer
  • 1725 Augustus Keppel, 1st Viscount Keppel, British admiral (d. 1786)
  • 1767 Nicolas Oudinot, French marshal (d. 1847)
  • 1769 Mark Isambard Brunel, engineer/inventor
  • 1770 Georg Sverdrup, Norwegian philologist (d. 1850)
  • 1776 Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh (d. 1857)
  • 1792 John Keble, Anglican priest/founder (Oxford Movement)
  • 1824 Gustave-Rodolphe-Clarence Boulanger, painter
  • 1825 Charles Ferdinand Dowd, US, standardized time zones
  • 1840 James Dearing, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1865)
  • 1842 Antonio Fogazzarro, Italian writer/poet (Il santo/Leila)
  • 1843 Alice of the United Kingdom, Grand Duchess of Hesse (d. 1878)
  • 1849 Felix Klein, German mathematician (Evanston Colloquium)
  • 1851 Leopoldo Alas y Ureña, a.k.a. "Clarín", Spanish novelist (d. 1901)
  • 1862 Edward Grey, English viscount of Fallodon/minister of Foreign affairs
  • 1867 Jean Demoor, Belgian physician/physiologist
  • 1868 John Bevins Moisant, pioneer aviator, first to cross English Channel with passenger and a cat, killed in New Orleans whose present day airport was originally name for him. (D. 1910)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1874 Guglielmo Marconi, Italian radio inventor (Nobel 1909), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1937)

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • 1881 Hans Windisch, German new testament expert
  • 1883 Elsa Maxwell, writer (Jack Paar Show), born in Keokuk, Iowa
  • 1897 VAA Mary, English princess
  • 1900 Hubert Miles Gladwyn Jebb, 1st Baron Gladwyn, British politician and diplomat
  • 1900 Wolfgang Pauli, Swiss/Us physicist (Pauli inhibition, Nobel 1945)
  • 1902 Werner Heyde, German psychiatrist (d. 1964)
  • 1903 Andrey Nikolayevich Kolmogorov, Russian mathematician (d. 1987)
  • 1905 Hugh Willatt, solicitor/public servant
  • 1905 Walter Hassan, engineer
  • 1906 Sally Salminen, writer
  • 1906 William J. Brennan, Jr, American Supreme Court judge (1956-90), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1997)
  • 1912 Gladys L Presley, mother of Elvis
  • 1913 Earl Bostic, alto sax player (Flamingo, Temptation), born in Tulsa, Oklahoma
  • 1914 Claude Mauriac, writer
  • 1914 Marcos Perez Jimenez, president/dictator Venezuela
  • 1914 Ross Lockridge, Jr., American writer (d. 1948)
  • 1915 A J A Quintus Bosz, Indonesian/Suriname lawyer
  • 1915 William Goyen, American writer, born in Trinity, Texas (d. 1983)
  • 1918 Gerard Henri de Vaucouleurs, French astronomer (d. 1995)
  • 1920 Marre, reformer of the bar
  • 1921 Jean Mogin, Belgian poet
  • 1921 Karel Appel, painter (Vragende Children)
  • 1923 Francis Graham-Smith, British astronomer
  • 1923 Melissa Hayden, ballerina (1961 Silver Bowl), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1925 Anthony Christopher, British trade unionist
  • 1926 Gertrude Fröhlich-Sandner, Austrian politician (d. 2008)
  • 1927 Albert Uderzo, French cartoonist
  • 1929 Jose Angel Valente, Spanish poet (A modo the esperanza)
  • 1930 Paul Mazursky, American writer/director (Moscow on the Hudson), born in Brooklyn, New York, (d. 2014)
  • 1931 David Shepherd, painter
  • 1931 Felix Berezin, Russian mathematician (d. 1980)
  • 1933 Helen Paling, British circuit judge
  • 1934 David de Peyer, cancer research campaigner
  • 1937 Thomas Faber, publisher
  • 1938 Ton Schulten, Dutch artist
  • 1938 Roger Boisjoly, aerodynamicist (anticipated challenger disaster), born in Lowell, Massachusetts (d. 2012)
  • 1939 Richard earl of Lichfield, English photographer
  • 1939 Veronica Sutherland, British diplomat
  • 1939 Ted Kooser, American poet and US Poet Laureate
  • 1941 Lawrence J Smith, (Rep-D-FL, 1983- )
  • 1941 Princess Muna al-Hussein, of Jordan
  • 1942 Jon Kyl, Oakland, Nebraska, US Senator (Rep-R-Arizona)
  • 1944 John Bryant, editor (Europeans)
  • 1946 Peter Sutherland, CEO (Allied Irish Banks)
  • 1946 Vladimir Zhirinovsky, [Edelstein], Russian nationalist/anti-semite
  • 1948 Yu Shyi-kun, former Premier of Taiwan
  • 1949 Dominique Strauss-Kahn, French economist, lawyer, and politician
  • 1949 James Fenton, British poet
  • 1951 Ian McCartney, Kirkintilloch, United Kingdom, British MP (1987-2010)
  • 1951 Linda Stone, pharmacist
  • 1953 Ron Clements, American animation director
  • 1955 John Nunn, British chess player
  • 1957 Eric Bristow, "Crafty Cockney
  • 1961 Dinesh D'Souza, American author
  • 1967 Angel Martino, Americus GA, 50m/100m freestyle (Oly-gold/2 br-92, 96)
  • 1969 Jon Olsen, US, 100m freestyle/400m/800m medley (Olymp-gold-1992, 96)
  • 1972 Sara Baras, Spanish ballerina
  • 1980 Kazuhito Tadano, Japanese basaball player
  • 1981 Anja Pärson, Swedish skier
  • 1981 Dwone Hicks, National Football League runningback
  • 1983 DeAngelo Williams, National Football League runningback

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1989 Gedhun Choekyi Nyima, 11th Panchen Lama, born in Lhari County, Tibet, China

11th Panchen Lama Gedhun Choekyi Nyima
11th Panchen Lama
Gedhun Choekyi Nyima

Weddings in History

  • 1981 Maureen Reagan (40) marries 3rd husband, Dennis Revell (28)

Divorces in History

  • 1991 Designer Mary McFadden (52) announces divorce of Kohie Yohannan (23)

Deaths in History

  • 68 Saint Mark, the first Pope of Alexandria and the founder of Christianity in Africa
  • 974 Ratherius of Verona/Liege, bishop/abbot, dies at about 84
  • 1265 Roger de Quincy, 2nd Earl of Winchester, English crusader
  • 1295 Sancho IV, the Brave, scholar/king of Castile/Leon, dies
  • 1342 Benedict XII, [Jacques Fournier], Pope (1334-42), dies
  • 1516 John Yonge, English diplomat (b. 1467)
  • 1566 Diane de Poitiers, mistress of French King Henry II, dies at 66
  • 1566 Louise Labé, French poet
  • 1595 Torquato Tasso, Italian poet/playwright, dies at 51
  • 1605 Naresuan, King of Siam (b. 1555)
  • 1607 Don Juan Alvarez, Spanish Admiral (Gibraltar), dies in battle
  • 1607 Jacob van Heemskerck, Dutch Admiral (Nova Zambia), dies in battle
  • 1635 Alessandro Tassoni, Italian political writer (Rape of Bucket), dies at 69

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1644 Chongzhen, last Ming Emperor of China, commits suicide at 33

Chinese Emperor Chongzhen
Chinese Emperor
Chongzhen
  • 1647 Matthias Gallas, Austrian earl of Campo/duke of Lucerna, dies at 62
  • 1660 Henry Hammond, English churchman (b. 1605)
  • 1690 David Teniers the Younger, Flemish painter (Pictorium), dies at 79
  • 1728 John Woodward, geologist/physician, dies
  • 1740 Shrimant Baji Rao Vishwanath Bhat, also known as Baji Rao I, a general and Peshwa (b. 1699)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1744 Anders Celsius, Swedish astronomer (proposed the Celsius temperature scale), dies at 42

Astronomer Anders Celsius
Astronomer
Anders Celsius
  • 1770 Jean-Antoine Nollet, French abbot and physicist (b. 1700)
  • 1792 Nicolas J Pelletier, French highwayman, 1st person guillotined
  • 1800 William Cowper, English lawyer/poet (Olney Hymns), dies at 68
  • 1828 John Goldberg, Dutch patriot/statesman, dies at 64
  • 1840 Siméon-Denis Poisson, French mathematician (b. 1781)
  • 1845 Thomas Duncan, painter, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1853 William Beaumont, physiologist, dies at 67

  • 1862 Charles Ferguson Smith, US Union Gen-Maj, dies of infection at 55
  • 1873 Walter de la Mare, Engl poet/author (Behold the Dreamer), dies at 43
  • 1878 Anna Sewell, English author (Black Beauty), dies at 58
  • 1891 Nathaniel Woodard, English educationalist (b. 1811)
  • 1892 Henri Duveyrier, French explorer (b. 1840)
  • 1905 Jacob Olie, Dutch photographer, dies at about 70
  • 1911 Emilio Salgari, Italian novelist (b. 1862)
  • 1915 Frederick William Seward, United States Assistant Secretary of State (b. 1830)
  • 1923 Louis-Olivier Taillon, Quebec politician (b. 1840)
  • 1926 Ellen K S Key, Swedish author/feminist (Century of the Child), dies at 76
  • 1928 Pjotr N Wrangel, Russian baron general, dies at 49
  • 1937 Clem Sohn, air show performer dies at 26 when his chute fails to open
  • 1937 Michał Drzymała, Polish rebel (b. 1857)
  • 1942 Paul Kornfeld, writer, dies at 52
  • 1954 Joseph Hergesheimer, novelist (Java Head), dies
  • 1955 Paulus B Barth, Swiss painter/lithographer, dies at 73
  • 1960 Amanullah, emir/king of Afhanistan (1919-28), dies at 67
  • 1961 Hans F Blunck, writer, dies
  • 1966 Maurice Roelants, Belgian author (Prayer for a Good End), dies at 70
  • 1978 Lee Kim Lai, Singaporean police officer (b. 1960)
  • 1980 Katia Mann, wife of German writer Thomas Mann (b. 1883)
  • 1982 John Cody, US cardinal/archbishop of Chicago (1965-82), dies at 74
  • 1982 Paul de Vree, Flemish writer/essayist (Round Table), dies
  • 1982 William R Burnett, US, writer (Asphalt Jungle), dies at 82
  • 1988 Clifford D[onald] Simak, sci-fi author (Hugo, Way Station), dies at 83
  • 1992 Dany [Daniel S] Tuijnman, Dutch min of traffic & water, dies at 77
  • 1992 Panos Christi, entertainer, dies of AIDS at 54
  • 1994 George Gennimatas, Greek minister of National Economy, dies at 55
  • 1994 Talaat Yassin Hamman, militant Muslim leader, shot dead at 32
  • 1995 Art Fleming, game show host (Jeopardy), dies at 74
  • 1995 Francis Henry Smith, librarian, dies at 85
  • 1996 John Eustace Theodore Brancker, lawyer/parliamentarian, dies at 87
  • 1996 John Lorne Campbell, folklorist, dies at 90
  • 1998 Wright Morris, American writer (b. 1910)
  • 2000 David Merrick, American theatrical producer (b. 1911)
  • 2000 Lucien le Cam, French mathematician (b. 1924)
  • 2002 Indra Devi, yoga teacher (b. 1899)
  • 2003 Samson Kitur, Kenyan athlete (b. 1966)
  • 2004 Thom Gunn, British poet (b. 1929)
  • 2005 Swami Ranganathananda, Indian monk (b. 1908)
  • 2006 Jane Jacobs, American-born Canadian urbanist (b. 1916)
  • 2009 John Marchi, American politician (b. 1921)
  • 2010 Dorothy Provine, loving grandmother, (b. 1935)
  • 2010 Alan Sillitoe, English writer (Loneliness of the Long Distance Runner), dies at 82