On This Day in History for April 26

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 117

  • 757 Paolo Orsini replaces his brother Pope Stephen II, as Paul I
  • 1220 German king Frederick II grants bishops sovereign rights
  • 1336 Italian Renaissance poet Francesco Petrarch famously climbs Mont Ventoux
  • 1467 The miraculous image in Our Lady of Good Counsel appear in Genazzano, Italy.
  • 1478 Pazzi conspirators attack Lorenzo de'Medici & kill Giuliano de'Medici

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1514 Copernicus makes his 1st observations of Saturn

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1564 William Shakespeare, is baptized in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire

  • 1607 1st English colony in American lands at Cape Henry, Virginia
  • 1654 Jews are expelled from Brazil
  • 1655 Dutch West Indies Co denies Peter Stuyvesant's desire to exclude Jews from New Amsterdam
  • 1677 Emperor Leopold I forms University of Innsbruck
  • 1755 1st Russian university opens (Moscow)
  • 1777 Sybil Ludington, 16, rode from NY to Ct rallying her fathers militia
  • 1803 Meteorites fall in L'Aigle, France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1814 King Louis XVIII lands at Calais from England

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
Louis XVIII
  • 1819 Odd Fellows Lodge forms
  • 1828 Russia declares war on Turkey to support Greece's independence
  • 1841 "Bombay Gazette" begins publishing on silk

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1848 Alfred Russel Wallace departs the U.K. for South America, beginning four years of travel, collecting, and research in the region

Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer
Alfred Russel Wallace
  • 1853 Dutch King William III disbands 2nd Chamber
  • 1859 Dan Sickles is acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity - 1st time this defense used successfully in the US
  • 1865 Battle of Durham Station, NC (Greensboro)
  • 1865 Battle of Ft Tobacco, VA
  • 1865 Confederate Gen J E Johnston surrenders Army of Tenn, at Durham NC
  • 1887 Huntsville Electric Co forms to sell electricity

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 Henry Morton Stanley inaugurated in London

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1893 1st Cleveland Board of Park Commissioners forms
  • 1900 AL opener in Cleve draws 6,500
  • 1901 Jimmy Collins, having left the Boston Beaneaters (NL), captains and manages his first game for the Boston Americans (against Baltimore)
  • 1904 Bell Telephone Company of Antwerp Belgium forms
  • 1904 John C Watson leads the first Labour Government of Australian when Alfred Deakin resigns; Watson himself will resign in August
  • 1904 General Kuroko leads the Japanese Army against the large Russian force at the Yalu river during the Russo-Japanese War
  • 1906 Motion pictures begin regular showings at the Orpheum Theater in Honolulu, Hawaii
  • 1907 Jamestown, Va Tercentenary Exposition opens
  • 1913 Sun Yet San calls for revolt against pres Yuan Shikai in China
  • 1915 Italy secretly signes Pact of London with Britain, France & Russia
  • 1920 Harlow Shapley and Heber D. Curtis hold "great debate" on the nature of nebulae, galaxies and size of the universe at US National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C.
  • 1925 Pulitzer prize awarded to Edna Ferber for "So big"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Artist Diego Rivera resigns from the Mexican Communist Party

Painter Diego Rivera
Painter
Diego Rivera
  • 1926 Germany & Russia sign neutrality/peace treaty
  • 1926 Karachai Autonomous Region forms in RSFSR (until 1943)
  • 1928 Madame Tussaud's waxwork exhibition opens in London
  • 1929 1st non-stop England to India flight lands
  • 1932 Jean Anouilh's "L'Ermine" premieres in Paris
  • 1933 Jewish students are barred from school in Germany
  • 1937 German Luftwaffe destroys Basque town of Guernica in Spain
  • 1938 Austrian Jews required to register property above 5,000 Reichsmarks
  • 1941 Potatoes rationed in Holland
  • 1942 Coal mine explosion kills 1,549 at Honkeiko Manchuria
  • 1944 1st B-29 attacked by Japanese fighters, one fighter shot down
  • 1944 Papandreou government in Greece forms
  • 1945 Marshal Henri Philippe Petain, leader of France's Vichy collaborationist regime during WW II, arrested for treason
  • 1945 World War II: Battle of Bautzen - last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht.
  • 1949 Transjordan is officially renamed the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
  • 1951 Queen Juliana opens Brielsche Mausoleum
  • 1952 US minesweeper Hobson rams aircraft carrier Wasp, kills 176
  • 1954 Far Eastern Affairs conference opens in Geneva

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 Nationwide test of Salk anti-polio vaccine begins

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 1956 First modern container ship, the Ideal X, leaves Port Newark, New Jersey for Houston, Texas
  • 1957 Jamestown, Va 350th Anniversary Festival opens
  • 1961 French paratroopers' revolt suppressed in Algeria
  • 1962 1st Lockheed A-12 flies
  • 1962 Ariel 1 Launch (1st UK Satellite)
  • 1962 Ranger 4 crash lands on (backside of) Moon
  • 1962 US/UK launch Ariel; 1st international payload
  • 1964 Tanganyika & Zanzibar form The United Republic of Tanganyika & Zanzibar
  • 1966 An earthquake of magnitude 7.5 destroys Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  • 1967 San Marco 2 Launch (1st Equatorial Launch)
  • 1968 Students seize administration building at Ohio State
  • 1968 US underground nuclear test, "Boxcar," 1 megaton device
  • 1969 Firestone World Bowling Tournament (Mercury Open) won by Jim Godman
  • 1971 Heaviest rains ever in Bahia district of Brazil, 15" in 24 hrs
  • 1971 SF lightship replaced by automatic buoy
  • 1971 Turkey state of siege proclaimed
  • 1973 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1974 Landslide in Huancavelica Province Peru creates a natural dam
  • 1974 Malta adopts constitution
  • 1974 Yankees trade Peterson, Beene, Kline & Buskey to Indians for Chambliss, Tidrow & Upshaw

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1975 Mário Soaress' Socialist Party wins 1st free election in Portugal

President of Portugal Mário Soares
President of Portugal
Mário Soares
  • 1976 Pan Am begins non-stop flights NYC-Tokyo
  • 1977 Opening of Studio 54 in New York, N.Y.
  • 1978 France sends troops to Chad
  • 1978 NASA launches space vehicle S-201
  • 1980 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1980 Iran begins scattering US hostages from US Embassy
  • 1980 Longest jump by a jet boat is set at 120 feet
  • 1982 Argentina surrenders to Britain on S Georgia near Falkland Island
  • 1983 Dow Jones Industrial Avg breaks 1,200 for 1st time
  • 1984 Liverpool's Cavern Club reopens
  • 1986 Firestone World Bowling Tournament of Champions won by Marshall Holman
  • 1986 France performs nuclear test
  • 1986 Game between Angels & Twins delayed for 9 minutes by strong winds
  • 1986 World's worst nuclear disaster: 4th reactor at Chernobyl nuclear power station in USSR explodes, 31 die, contamination reach much of Western Europe
  • 1988 1st TNN Viewers choice awards-Randy Travis wins in 5 categories
  • 1989 AT&T announces NJ's 201 area code will split into 908 & 201
  • 1990 126 die in a (6.9) earthquake in China
  • 1990 Danny Wood of New Kids, steps on a stuffed animal & twists his ankle
  • 1991 23 killed in Kansas & Oklahoma by tornadoes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 Alex Haley, (Roots), wins 1992 Ellis Island Award, posthumously

Writer Alex Haley
Writer
Alex Haley
  • 1992 Ozzie Smith steals his 500th base

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

121 Antonius Marcus Aurelius, Emperor of Rome (161-180), born in Rome (d. 180)

Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius
Roman Emperor
Marcus Aurelius
  • 570 Muhammed, founder of Islam, according to the Shi'a sect. Other sources suggest April 20. Observed according to the Islamic lunar calendar
  • 1538 Giovanni P Lomazzo, Italian writer/poet (Trattato)
  • 1573 Marie de'Medici, Queen of France
  • 1637 Philip J van Lichtenbergh, Governor of Suriname, baptized
  • 1648 Pedro II, King of Portugal (1683-1706)
  • 1662 Maria Luisa of Orleans, queen consort of Spain (d. 1689)
  • 1707 Johannes Burman, Dutch botanist, plant author and physician
  • 1710 Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (d. 1796)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1711 David Hume, Scottish philosopher and historian (A Treatise of Human Nature), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1776)

Philosopher David Hume
Philosopher
David Hume
  • 1718 Esek Hopkins, US, 1st commander-in-chief (US Navy)
  • 1726 Pasquale Paoli, Corsican freedom fighter
  • 1774 Christian Leopold von Buch, German geologist (d. 1853)
  • 1776 Joan M Kemper, Dutch lawyer (designed civil code law book)
  • 1782 Maria Amalia of Bourbon-Sicily, wife of Louis Phillip of Austria

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1785 John James Audubon, American bird watcher and artist, born in Les Cayes, Haiti (d. 1851)

Ornithologist John James Audubon
Ornithologist
John James Audubon
  • 1787 Ludwig Uhland, German writer, born in Tübingen, Württemberg (d. 1862)
  • 1798 Ferdinand Eugene Delacroix, French painter/lithograph/etcher (Journal)
  • 1798 James Beckwourth, American explorer (d. 1867)
  • 1801 Ambrose Dudley Mann, American diplomat (d. 1889)
  • 1804 Charles Goodyear, American politician (D-NY), born in Cobleskill, New York (d. 1876)
  • 1808 Martha Finley, children's book author
  • 1812 Alfred Krupp, German arms merchant
  • 1820 Alice Cary, American poet (Cincinnati Sentinel), born in Cincinnati, Ohio

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1822 Frederick Law Olmsted, American writer and landscape architect (designed Central Park), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1903)

Landscape Architect and Writer Frederick Law Olmsted
Landscape Architect and Writer
Frederick Law Olmsted
  • 1826 George Hull Ward, American general (d. 1863)
  • 1826 Ambrose R. Wright, American Civil War General (d. 1872
  • 1827 Charles Edward Hovey, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1836 Erminnie Adelle Platt, US, ethnologist (Iriquois-English Dictionary)
  • 1839 Cyrus Hamblin, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1867)
  • 1841 Wilhelm Scherer, German literature historian
  • 1856 Sir Joseph Ward, 17th Prime Minister of New Zealand (d. 1930)
  • 1860 Alphonse M A J Ariëns, Dutch pastor
  • 1863 Arno Holz, German writer (Phantasus), born in Rastenburg, East Prussia (d. 1929)
  • 1863 Charles Haslewood Shannon, lithographer/painter
  • 1868 Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere/Newspaper publisher
  • 1873 Otto zur Linde, German author (Charon)
  • 1878 Saint Rafael Guízar Valencia, Mexican Catholic bishop
  • 1879 Owen Williams Richardson, England, physicist (Nobel 1928)
  • 1886 Ğabdulla Tuqay, Tatar poet (d. 1913)
  • 1888 Aleksandr Mikhailov, USSR, astronomer
  • 1889 Ludwig Wittgenstein, Austria, philosopher (Tractatus)
  • 1893 Draza Mihajlovic, Serbian WWII hero and war criminal (d. 1946)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1894 Rudolf Hess, German Nazi official (Deputy Fuhrer who dramatically escaped to Britain in 1941), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1987)

Nazi leader Rudolf Hess
Nazi leader
Rudolf Hess
  • 1898 Vicente Aleixandre, Spain, writer (Ambito, Bird of Paper, Nobel 1977)
  • 1900 Charles Richter, Ohio, Earthquakes seismologist (Richter scale)
  • 1903 Geoffrey Worthington, Air vice-marshall
  • 1904 Paul E "Cardinal" Leger, archbishop (Montreal)
  • 1905 Charles K Feldman, [Gould], American producer (Casino Royale), born in NYC, New York
  • 1907 Theun de Vries, writer (February; PC Hooft prize 1981)
  • 1910 Johan Doorn, Dutch journalist/resistance fighter (Orange Newspaper)
  • 1910 Tomoyuki Tanaka, director (Godzilla)
  • 1911 Marianne Hoppe, Rostock Germany (Bei Thea, Liebrauen)
  • 1912 A. E. van Vogt, Canada, sci-fi author (Wizard of Linn) (d. 2000)
  • 1914 Bernard Malamud, US, novelist (Fixer, Natural, Pulitizer 1967)
  • 1914 Horace Leonard Gold, Sci-Fi writer/editor
  • 1914 James William Rouse, US builder (shopping malls/Columbia, Maryland)
  • 1916 Morris L West, Australia, novelist (Shoes of the Fisherman)
  • 1918 Jack Morpurgo, American Literature scholar (Leeds University)
  • 1921 Harry Knutton, Maj-Gen/dir-general (London City & Guilds Institute)
  • 1921 Margaret Gowing, professor (history, science)
  • 1922 James Holt, medieval historian
  • 1922 Margaret Scott, founder (Australian Ballet School)
  • 1922 Pol Bury, Belgian sculptor
  • 1922 Jeanne Sauvé, French Canadian politician (d. 1993)
  • 1923 Oliver Millar, Surveyor (Queen's Pictures)
  • 1925 Frank Hahn, British economist (Hahn's Problem), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 2013)
  • 1925 Michele Ferrero, Italian entrepreneur (Ferrero SpA - Nutella), born in Dogliani, Piedmont (d. 2015)
  • 1926 Michael Joughin, CEO (Scottish Hydro-Electric)
  • 1926 Michael Mathias Prechtl, German illustrator (d. 2003)
  • 1928 Gordon Downey, British Comptroller General/Reader Rep (Independent)
  • 1929 Richard Mitchell, American author and professor (d. 2002)
  • 1930 Justin Gosling, principal (St Edmund Hall Oxford)
  • 1932 Michael Smith, English-born chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 2000)
  • 1933 Filiberto Ojeda Ríos, Puerto Rican activist (d. 2005)
  • 1934 J Micheal McCloskey, environmentalist/chairman (Sierra Club)
  • 1936 Edward Cazalet, British High Court Judge
  • 1938 Willie Wood, Scottish bowls player, born in Haddington, East Lothian
  • 1939 Roger Buckley, British High Court Judge
  • 1942 Vitali Andreyevich Grishchenko, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1942 Michael Kergin, Canadian diplomat
  • 1943 Peter Zumthor, Swiss architect
  • 1944 David O'B Martin, (Rep-R-NY, 1981- )
  • 1944 Martha Rockwell, skier (Mount Washington), born in Providence, Rhode Island
  • 1944 Amien Rais, Indonesian politician
  • 1945 Sylvain Simard, Quebec politician
  • 1947 Gervase Jackson-Stops, British architectural adviser to the National Trust (d. 1995)
  • 1948 Gerry Sikorski, (Rep-D-MN, 1983- )
  • 1952 Popo Simon Molefe, secretary-general (South Africa UDF)
  • 1958 John Crichton-Stuart, 7th Marquess of Bute
  • 1958 Jeffrey Guterman, American mental health counselor
  • 1966 Yoshihiro Togashi, Mangaka who created YuYu Hakusho
  • 1982 Joanne Gobure, Nauruan poet
  • 1982 Cooper Wallace, National Football League tight end
  • 1983 Jessica Lynch, American P.O.W.

Weddings in History

  • 1709 Frisian viceroy Johan Willem Friso marries countess Maria Louisa

HeartWedding of Interest

1923 English prince Albert Duke of York (George VI) (27) marries Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (22) at Westminster Abbey

Consort of George VI Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
Consort of George VI
Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
King of Great Britain George VI
King of Great Britain
George VI
  • 1946 Father Divine, controversial religious leader claimed to be God, marries the much-younger Edna Rose Ritchings, a celebrated anniversary in the International Peace Mission movement

HeartWedding of Interest

1986 Writer Jorge Luis Borges (86) weds author Maria Kodama (49) in Paraguay

  • 2014 Actor Brian Baumgartner (41) weds Celeste Ackelson in Los Angeles, California

Deaths in History

  • 757 Stephen II, Catholic Pope (752-757), dies at
  • 1192 Emperor Go-Shirakawa of Japan (b. 1127)
  • 1196 Alfonso II, King of Aragon (1162-96), dies
  • 1444 Robert Campin, South Neth painter/porter of Doornik, dies at about 65
  • 1476 Simonetta Vespucci, inspiration of Botticelli (b.1453)
  • 1478 Giuliano de' Medici, Medeheerser of Florence, murdered at about 24
  • 1489 Ashikaga Yoshihisa, Japanese shogun (b. 1465)
  • 1558 Jean Francois Fernel, French physician, dies
  • 1716 John Somers, 1st Baron Somers, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1651)
  • 1726 Jeremy Collier, Engl bishop/historian/opponent to theater, dies at 75
  • 1784 Nano Nagle, Irish convent founder (b. 1718)
  • 1789 Peter I Panin, Russian general (Pugatshov-uprising), dies at about 67
  • 1805 Jean BG d'ansse the Villoison, classic (Anecdota Graeca), dies at 55
  • 1881 Ludwig Freiherr von und zu der Tann-Rathsamhausen, German general (b. 1815)
  • 1892 Sir Provo Wallis, British Admiral and naval hero (b. 1791)
  • 1910 Bjornstjerne Bjornson, Norwegian writer (Mary, Nobel 1903), dies at 77
  • 1920 Srinivasa Ramanujan, Indian mathematician (b. 1887)
  • 1938 Edmund Husserl, German philosopher (study of phenomenon), dies at 79
  • 1940 Carl Bosch, German chemist (BASF, IG Farben, Nobel 1931), dies at 65
  • 1941 Jean Demoor, Belgian physician/physiologist/educationalist, dies at 74
  • 1945 Pavlo Skoropadsky, Ukrainian politician and general (b. 1871)
  • 1945 Sigmund Rascher, Nazi doctor (b. 1909)
  • 1946 Hermann Keyserling, count/philosopher (Unsterblichkeit), dies at 65
  • 1950 G. Murray Hulbert, American politician (b. 1881)
  • 1951 Arnold Sommerfeld, German physicist (b. 1868)
  • 1957 Gichin Funakoshi, Father of Japanese Shotokan Karatedo (b. 1868)
  • 1958 Johan N C "Joan" Collette, painter, dies at 68
  • 1960 Wander J de Haas, Dut physicist (Einstein-De Haas effect), dies at 82
  • 1964 Edwin John Pratt, Canadian poet (Towards the Last Spike), dies at 81
  • 1964 Pieter van der Lijn, Dutch geologist (Boulder Book), dies at 93
  • 1969 Morihei Ueshiba, Japanese martial artist and founder of aikido (b. 1883)
  • 1970 John Knittel, Swiss writer, dies at 79
  • 1970 Paul Celan, writer, dies at 49 [or May 5]
  • 1970 Erik Bergman, Lutheran pastor (b. 1886)
  • 1972 Fernando Amorsolo, Filipino painter (b. 1892)
  • 1981 Madge Evans, TV panelist (Masquerade Party), dies at 71
  • 1986 Dechko Uzunov, Bulgarian painter (b. 1899)
  • 1987 John Ernest Silkin, British politician (b. 1923)
  • 1990 Carlos Pizarro Leongomez, Colombian presidential candidate, assassinated
  • 1991 Richard Hatfield, Canadian politician (b. 1931)
  • 1992 Clyde Hartley, entertainer, dies at 68
  • 1994 Masutatsu Oyama, Founder of Japanese Kyokushin Karate (b. 1927)
  • 1996 Burton Stein, historian, dies at 69
  • 1996 John Norrie McArthur, malariologist/microscopist, dies at 94
  • 1997 Joey Faye, comic (Fruit of the Loom grapes), dies at 86
  • 1997 Peng Zhen, mayor of Beijing China (1951-66), dies
  • 1997 Yegorov, Russian leader (1994-95), dies
  • 2002 Robert Steinhäuser German spree killer (b.1983)
  • 2003 Rosemary Brown, Canadian politician (b. 1930)
  • 2003 Max Nicholson, Irish environmentalist (b. 1904)
  • 2003 Peter Stone, American writer (b. 1930)
  • 2004 Hubert Selby Jr., American author (b. 1928)
  • 2005 Augusto Roa Bastos, Paraguayan author (b. 1917)