On This Day in History for April 3

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 133

  • 419 [Etalius] ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1043 Edward the Confessor crowned king of England
  • 1077 The first Parliament of Friuli is created.
  • 1312 2nd council of Vienna, Knights Templars supressed
  • 1367 Battle of Navarrete, near Nájera, in the province of La Rioja, Castile: an alliance including Castile & England beat Aragon & France
  • 1376 Battle of Navarrete (Najera), English beat French
  • 1559 Spain & France sign 2nd Treaty of Le Cateau-Cambrésis
  • 1582 French van Valois honored as duke of Gelre/earl of Zutphen
  • 1645 English Long Parliament passes the Self-Denying Ordinance, limiting regional armies, significant step toward New Model Army

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1657 English Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell refuses crown

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1679 Edmond Halley meets Johannes Hevelius in Danzig

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1721 Robert Walpole becomes Britain's 1st Lord of the Treasury - effective Prime Minister, although that term was never officially used (indeed, it was considered an insult) until much later.

1st British Prime Minister Robert Walpole
1st British Prime Minister
Robert Walpole
  • 1764 Austrian Archduke Jozef crowned himself Holy Roman Emperor Josef II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 George Washington receives honorary Ll.D. degree from Harvard College

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1783 Sweden & US sign a treaty of Amity & Commerce
  • 1790 Revenue Marine Service (US Coast Guard) created
  • 1834 The generals in the Greek War of Independence stand trial for treason.
  • 1848 Thomas Douglas becomes 1st SF public teacher

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1848 German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt is seen for the last time at McPherson's Station, Coogoon, before he disappears on the same expedition to reach the Swan River

Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • 1856 Gunpowder in church explodes killing 4,000 in Rhodos
  • 1860 Pony Express began between St Joseph Mo & Sacramento Calif
  • 1864 Skirmish at Okolona, Arkansas
  • 1865 Battle at Namozine Church, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
  • 1865 Union forces occupy Confederate capital of Richmond & Petersberg, Virginia
  • 1868 A Hawaiian surfs on highest wave ever - a 50-foot tidal wave
  • 1882 Wood block alarm invented, when alarm rang, it dropped 20 wood blocks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1882 American outlaw Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford at home in St Joseph

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • 1889 Savings Bank of Order of True Reformers opens in Richmond, Va
  • 1893 1st NSW v Queensland F-C game, at Brisbane Exhibition Ground
  • 1910 Highest mountain in North America, Alaska's Mt McKinley claimed to have been 1st climbed by 4 local men
  • 1911 Harry James Smith's "Mrs Bumsted-Leigh" premieres in NYC
  • 1913 British suffragette Emmeline Pankhurst sentenced to 3 years in jail

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1917 Lenin arrives in Petrograd from Switzerland [NS=April 16]

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1918 US House of Representatives accepts American Creed written by William Tyler
  • 1919 Austria expels all Habsburgers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Joseph Stalin appointed General Secretary of the Russian Communist Party by Vladimir Lenin

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1925 Great Britain goes back to gold standard
  • 1925 Netherlands & Belgium sign accord of Westerschelde

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 2nd flight of a liquid-fueled rocket by Robert Goddard

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • 1926 Italy establishes corp of force in order to break powerful unions
  • 1927 Interstate Commerce Comm transfers Ohio to Eastern time zone
  • 1929 Persia agrees to Litvinov Pact
  • 1929 RMS Queen Mary is ordered from John Brown & Company Shipbuilding and Engineering by Cunard Line.
  • 1933 1st airplane flight over Mt Everest
  • 1933 Then longest North American hockey game requires a 1:44:46 overtime as Maple Leaf Ken Doraty scores to beat Canadiens 1-0
  • 1936 Al Carr KOs Lew Massey on 1 punch, :07 of 1st round
  • 1941 Churchill warns Stalin of German invasion
  • 1941 Rasjid al-Gailani forms pro-German regime in Iraq
  • 1941 Walton's overture "Scapino" premieres in Chicago
  • 1943 Jan Dieters (leader of illegal CPN) arrested
  • 1944 British dive bombers attack battle cruiser Tirpitz
  • 1944 US Supreme Court (Smith v Allwright) "white primaries" unconstitutional
  • 1945 Hengelo freed from Nazi control by Canadian army
  • 1945 Nazis begin evacuation of camp Buchenwald
  • 1945 US 1st army conquers Hofgeismar
  • 1946 Netherlands-German postal relations resume
  • 1948 1st US figure skating championships held

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 US President Harry Truman signs Marshall Plan ($5B aid to 16 European countries)

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1948 US female Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
  • 1948 US male Figure Skating championship won by Richard Button
  • 1951 Christopher Fry's "Sleep of Prisoners" premieres in Oxford
  • 1952 Dutch Queen Juliana speaks to US Congress
  • 1954 Don Perry climbs a 20' rope in under 2.8 seconds (AAU record)
  • 1955 Fire in cinema in Sclessin, Belgium, kills 39
  • 1955 Night express train in Guadalajara derails, killing 300

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 The American Civil Liberties Union announces it will defend Allen Ginsberg's book Howl against obscenity charges.

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • 1956 Bulgarian vice premier Traitsjo Kostov rehabilitated
  • 1956 German war criminals Hinrichsen/Ruhl/Siebens/Viebahn freed
  • 1956 Hudsonville-Standale Tornado: The western half of the Lower Peninsula of Michigan is struck by a deadly F5 tornado.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 Samuel Beckett's "Endgame" premieres in London

Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett
Playwright, novelist, and poet
Samuel Beckett
  • 1957 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Fidel Castro's rebels attacked Havana

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1960 Earthquake at Havre, Belgium
  • 1961 Connie Mack Stadium in Philadelphia is sold to J Schleifer Properties
  • 1962 Lt General Marshall S Carter, USA, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1964 US & Panama agree to resume diplomatic relations
  • 1965 1st atomic powered spacecraft (snap) launched
  • 1966 Soviet Luna 10 completes its first orbit of the Moon
  • 1966 Tom Seaver signs with the Mets for a reported $50,000 bonus
  • 1967 113 East Europeans attending World Amateur hockey championships in Vienna, ask for political asylum
  • 1968 N Vietnam agrees to meet US reps to set up preliminary peace talks
  • 1968 "Planet of the Apes" United States wide premiere
  • 1969 Vietnam War: U.S. Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird announces that the United States will start to "Vietnamize" the war effort
  • 1970 Miriam Hargrave of England passes her drivers test on 40th attempt
  • 1970 As part of a new 'get tough' policy in Northern Ireland, Ian Freeland of the British Army, warned that those throwing petrol bombs could be shot dead
  • 1973 The first portable cell phone call is made in New York City, United States.
  • 1974 148 tornadoes are reported over an area covering a dozen states
  • 1974 Gold hits record $197 an ounce in Paris
  • 1974 The Super Outbreak : tornadoes in the east, south & midwest United States killed approximately 315 people, with nearly 5,500 injured

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Bobby Fischer stripped of world chess title for refusing to defend it

Chess Champion Bobby Fischer
Chess Champion
Bobby Fischer
  • 1975 James Rupers kills his family to inherit
  • 1976 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat's 1st meeting with US President Jimmy Carter

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate Anwar Sadat
President of Egypt and Nobel Laureate
Anwar Sadat
  • 1977 Netherlands/Belgium/Luxembourg adopt summer time
  • 1978 European market & China signs trade agreement
  • 1978 Larry King moves his radio show from Miami to Washington, D.C.
  • 1979 Belgium's Martens government forms
  • 1979 Jane M Byrne (D), elected 1st woman mayor of Chicago, Illinois
  • 1980 France performs nuclear test
  • 1980 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Birthdays in History

  • 1151 Igor Svyatoslavich, Ukrainian prince (d. 1202)
  • 1245 Philips III, the Stout, King of France (1270-85)
  • 1367 Henry IV, Bolingbroke Lincolnshire, King of England (1399-1413)
  • 1438 John III van Egmont, [Manke John], viceroy of Holland
  • 1485 Lieven van der Maude [Ammonius], South Netherland poet
  • 1529 Michael Neander, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1581)
  • 1593 George Herbert, English metaphysical poet (5 Mystical Songs)
  • 1683 Mark Catesby, English naturalist (d. 1749)
  • 1693 George Edwards, English naturalist (d. 1773)
  • 1715 John Hanson, Continental Congressman, 1st US President under Articles of Confederation, born in Maryland (d.1783)
  • 1715 William Watson, English physician and scientist (d. 1787)
  • 1720 Elia van Vilnius, [Elijahu ben Salomo Zalman], Latvian rabbi
  • 1727 Philippe-Lambert-Joseph Spruyt, Flemish painter/engraver
  • 1764 John Abernethy, surgeon, born in London, England
  • 1769 Christian Günther von Bernstorff, Danish and Prussian statesman and diplomat (d. 1835)
  • 1770 Theodoros Kolokotronis, Greek general (d. 1843)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1783 Washington Irving, American writer (Legend of Sleepy Hollow), born in NYC, New York

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1798 Charles Wilkes, American Antarctic explorer and naval officer (Union Navy), born in NYC, New York (d. 1877)

Naval Officer and Explorer Charles Wilkes
Naval Officer and Explorer
Charles Wilkes
  • 1806 Ivan Kireevsky, Russian literary critic and philosopher (d. 1856)
  • 1812 Louisa Maria, Queen of the Belgians (1832-50/wife of Leopold I)
  • 1814 Lorenzo Snow, 5th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the LDS or Mormon Church) (d. 1901)
  • 1821 T. Pelham Dale, Anglican clergyman prosecuted for Ritualist practices in the 1870s (d. 1892)
  • 1822 Edward Everett Hale, US, clergyman/author (Man without a Country)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1823 William Magear Tweed "Boss Tweed", American politician and corrupt New York fraudster, born in New York City (d. 1878)

Politician Boss Tweed
Politician
Boss Tweed
  • 1837 John Burroughs, writer/nature enthusiast (Burroughs Medal namesake)
  • 1838 Leon Michel Gambetta, French attorney/premier (1881-82)
  • 1842 Ulric Dahlgren, Col (Union volunteers), (d. 1864)
  • 1858 Matthew Ricketts, 1st African American man elected to Neb State Legislature
  • 1860 Frederik W van Eeden, Dutch utopian writer (Walden)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1866 J. B. M. Hertzog [Barry Hertzog], South African General/Premier (1914-39), born in Wellington, South Africa (d. 1942)

South African Premier J. B. M. Hertzog
South African Premier
J. B. M. Hertzog
  • 1871 Jose Juan Tablada, Mexican poet (El Florilegio)
  • 1881 Alcide de Gasperi, Italian premier (1945..53)
  • 1881 Margaret MJ "Daisy" Ashford, English author (Young Sisters)
  • 1882 Simon Elzinga, Dutch educator
  • 1885 Harry St John Philby, [sheik Abdullah], British explorer
  • 1885 Bud Fisher, American cartoonist (d. 1954)
  • 1893 Princess Maud of Fife (d. 1945)
  • 1896 Douwe Kalma, Dutch literary/leader (Young Frisian Movement)
  • 1898 George Jessel, toastmaster general/entertainer (Diary of Young Comic)
  • 1898 Henry R Luce, Tengchow China, publisher (Time, Fortune, Life)
  • 1900 Camille Chamoun, president of Lebanon
  • 1903 Peter Huchel, German poet, born near Berlin (d. 1981)
  • 1904 Russel Wright, American industrial designer (d. 1976)
  • 1905 Robert Frederick Sink, United States Army Officer (d. 1965)
  • 1906 Kathleen Tillotson, Emeritus Professor of English (Bedford College)
  • 1907 Isaac Deutscher, Polish/English historian (Stalin/Trotsky biography)
  • 1911 Michael Woodruff, FRS, surgeon
  • 1911 W R Lee, language teacher
  • 1912 Addeke H Boerma, Dutch dir-gen (FAO)
  • 1912 Bert Bakker, Dutch publisher (Free Netherlands)
  • 1913 F H Tate, vice-CEO (Tate & Lyle)
  • 1913 Per Borten, Premier of Norway (d. 2005)
  • 1915 Paul Touvier, war criminal
  • 1916 Herb Caen, columnist (SF Chronicle), born in Sacramento, California (d. 1997)
  • 1916 Robert Jesse Charleston, museum Curator
  • 1917 Bill Finegan, (Sauter-Finegan Band, Sat Night Revue), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1919 Duke of Grafton, 11th Duke of Grafton, Born in Cape Town (d. 2011)
  • 1920 John Demjanjuk, Ukrainian-born American auto worker, alleged Nazi and convicted war criminal (under appeal at death), (d. 2012)
  • 1923 John Smith, English large landowner/financier/MP (C)
  • 1924 Canon A D Caesar, Sub Dean (HM Chapels Royal)
  • 1925 Tony Benn, British minister of technology (1968)
  • 1926 Virgil Grissom, Mitchell Ind, Lt Col USAF/astronaut (Merc 4, Gemini 3)
  • 1927 Wesley Brown, 1st African American US Naval Academy graduate, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 2012)
  • 1929 Dennis Farr, director (Courtauld Institute Galleries)
  • 1929 Miyoshi Umeki, Jap, actress (Mrs Livingston-Courtship of Eddie's Father)
  • 1930 Helmut Kohl, Ludwigshafen am Rhein, Politician and Chancellor of West Germany 1982-90, Reunified Germany 1990-98
  • 1930 Lawton Chiles, (sen/gov-D-Florida, 1971-89/91- )
  • 1930 Max Frankel, journalist (Tables of Id of Organic Compounds)
  • 1932 Janet Bately, Prof of English Language (King's College London)
  • 1932 Nourse, British lord justice
  • 1933 Robert K Dornan, (Rep-R-CA, 1977-83, 85- )
  • 1934 David Jones, British reverend/headmaster (Bryanston School)
  • 1934 Jane Goodall, ethologist (studied African chimps), born in London, England
  • 1934 John Lelliott, English contractor/multi-millionaire
  • 1935 Jeffery Bowman, CEO (Price Waterhouse Europe)
  • 1936 Reginald Hill, British crime author (Andrew Dalziel and Peter Pascoe novels)
  • 1937 Simon Brown, British high court judge
  • 1940 R S Burman, CEO (Association of British Chambers of Commerce)
  • 1943 Doreen Tracey, English-born Mouseketeer
  • 1945 Wim J Deetman, Dutch minister of education/MP (CDA)
  • 1946 Carlos Salinas de Gortari, president (Mexico, 1988-94)
  • 1948 H C Tomlinson, Headmaster (Hereford Cathedral School)
  • 1948 Jaap G de Hoop Scheffer, Dutch MP (CDA)
  • 1948 Arlette Cousture, French-Canadian writer
  • 1952 Mike Moore, American politician and attorney
  • 1955 Aleksandr Nikolayevich Yablontsev, Russian lt-colonel/cosmonaut
  • 1956 Boris Miljkovic, Serbian director
  • 1962 John Gruffith, rocker (Red Rockers)
  • 1964 Nigel Farage, British politician and leader of the UKIP who campaigned for Brexit, born in Downe, Kent
  • 1968 Mike Lansing, Rawlins Wyoming, infielder (Montreal Expos)
  • 1968 Jamie Hewlett, English illustrator

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1969 Mellody Hobson, American businesswoman (Chairman of Dreamworks Animation), born in Chicago, Illinois

Chairman of Dreamworks Animation Mellody Hobson
Chairman of Dreamworks Animation
Mellody Hobson
  • 1975 Mickey Beyer Clausen, Danish entrepreneur and philanthropist
  • 1982 Kasumi Nakane, Japanese gravure idol
  • 1983 Errol Barnett, English reporter

Weddings in History

  • 1920 Novelist and short story writer Francis Scott Key Fitzgerald (23) weds novelist Zelda Sayre (19) at New York's St. Patrick's Cathedral

HeartWedding of Interest

1920 Author F. Scott Fitzgerald (23) weds novelist Zelda Fitzgerald (19) at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York

  • 2010 "Love and Theft" country trio Eric Gunderson weds Emily Hagar (24) at sunset on the front porch of the historic Hazel Path mansion in Hendersonville, Tennessee
  • 2014 Who's the Boss actor Danny Pintauro (38) weds partner Wil Tabares in Dana Point, California

Deaths in History

  • 33 Christ, crucified (according to astronomer Humphreys & Waddington)
  • 628 Chosroes II, emperor of Persia (579..628), murdered by his son
  • 963 William III, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 915)
  • 1287 Honorius IV, [Giacomo Savelli], Italian Pope (1285-87), dies
  • 1350 Eudes IV, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1295)
  • 1512 Richard Pafraet, Dutch printer, dies
  • 1525 Giovanni Rucellai, Italian poet (Le Api), dies at 49
  • 1581 Huibert Duifhuis, Roman Catholic pastor (Rotterdam/Utrecht), dies
  • 1606 Charles Blount, 1st Earl of Devon, English politician (b. 1563)
  • 1680 Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, founder of the Maratha Empire, India (b. 1630)
  • 1682 Bartolomé Esteban Murillo, Spanish painter, dies
  • 1691 Jean Petitot, Swiss enamel painter (b. 1608)
  • 1694 Ferdinand van Apshoven de Jongere, Flemish painter, buried at 64
  • 1695 Melchior de Hondecoeter, Dutch still life painter, dies at about 58
  • 1717 Jacques Ozanam, French mathematician (b. 1640)
  • 1728 James Anderson, Scottish lawyer (b. 1662)
  • 1769 Gerhard Tersteegen, German evangelist/poet (in blood), dies at 71
  • 1792 George Pocock, British admiral (b. 1706)
  • 1804 Jędrzej Kitowicz, Polish priest (b. 1727/1728)
  • 1811 Pieter-Jozef Verhaghen, Flemish (court)painter, dies at 83
  • 1822 Friedrich Bertuch, writer, dies
  • 1826 Reginald Heber, bishop & hymn writer, dies
  • 1827 Ernst Chladni, German physicist (b. 1756)
  • 1838 Francesco Antommarchi, Napoleon's physician on St Helena, dies at 57
  • 1849 Juliusz Slowacki, Pol poet (Father of the Plague-Patient), dies at 39
  • 1862 James Clark Ross, Arctic explorer, dies
  • 1876 Henriette Davidis, writer, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1882 Jesse James, American outlaw, shot dead at 34, in St Joseph Mo by Robert Ford

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • 1884 Carel JCH van Nispen tot Sevenaer, Dutch Cath politician, dies at 59
  • 1936 Bruno Hauptmann, convicted Lindbergh baby killer, executed
  • 1941 Pal Teleki-von Szek, PM Hungary (1920-21, 39-41), suicide at 61
  • 1945 Joseph Weinheber, Austria poet/writer (Vienna Verbatim), dies at 43
  • 1946 Masaharu Homma, Lt Gen (responsible for Bataan Death March), executed
  • 1950 Carter G Woodson, American historian (African American studies), dies at 74
  • 1951 Johannes C Kielstra, Dut economist/gov (Suriname 1933-44), dies at 72
  • 1956 T Kostov, Bulgarian vice-premier, executed
  • 1958 Theodor Kramer, writer, dies
  • 1960 Anton Pannekoek, Dutch astronomer/marxist theorist, dies at 87
  • 1965 Ernst Kirchweger, Austrian communist and resistance fighter (born 1897 or 1898)
  • 1966 Russel Crouse, US stagewriter (Life with Father), dies at 73
  • 1971 Joseph Valachi, US gangster, dies at 66
  • 1971 Manfred Bonnington Lee, [Ellery Queen], detective writer, dies at 65
  • 1981 Juan Trippe, Airline entrepreneur and pioneer, Pan Am founder (b. 1899)
  • 1982 Herman W Filarski, Dutch bridge journalist, dies at 69
  • 1988 Milton A Caniff, US cartoonist (Terry & the Pirates), dies at 81

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1991 Graham Greene, British writer (3rd Man, Our man in Havana), dies at 86

  • 1993 Eduardo Cabellero Calderon, Colombian writer/diplomat, dies at 83
  • 1993 Pinky Lee, kiddie host (Pinky Lee Show), dies of heart attack at 85
  • 1994 Frank G Wells, US company director (Walt Disney Co.), dies in a helicopter crash at 62
  • 1994 Jerome Lejeune, French geneticist (Syndrome of Down), dies at 67
  • 1995 David Alexander Reginald Herbert, writer, dies at 86
  • 1996 Carl Stokes, 1st African American mayor of a major US city (Cleve), dies
  • 1996 Christopher John Seward, aid worker, dies at 45
  • 1996 Ron Brown, American Secretary of Commerce, dies in an air accident aged 54
  • 1996 Ronald Harmon Brown, politician, dies at 54
  • 1997 Judy Flannery, master triathelete, killed by a car at 56
  • 1998 Mary Cartwright, English mathematician (b. 1900)
  • 2000 Terence McKenna, American writer and philosopher (b. 1946)
  • 2001 Michael Berry, Baron Hartwell, British newspaper proprietor and journalist, dies at 89
  • 2003 Michael Kelly, American journalist (b. 1957)
  • 2007 Marion Eames, Welsh novelist (b. 1921)
  • 2007 Nina Wang, Asia's richest woman (b. 1937)
  • 2014 Freda Kida, American cartoonist, dies at 93
  • 2015 Sarah Brady, American gun-control activist, dies at 73
  • 2016 Joseph Medicine Crow, Native American chief and historian, dies at 102