On This Day in History for April 5

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 135

  • 456 Saint Patrick returns to Ireland as a missionary bishop
  • 823 Pope Peschalis I crowns Lotharius I as co-emperor of France
  • 1058 Bishop Giovanni "Minchus" ["the thin"] elected as Anti-Pope Benedict X

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1242 Alexander Nevsky of Novgorod defeats Teutonic Knights in the Battle of the Ice

Key Figure of Medieval Rus Alexander Nevsky
Key Figure of Medieval Rus
Alexander Nevsky
  • 1566 200 Brussel nobles offer Margaretha of Parma a petition
  • 1585 Clemens Crabbeels becomes bishop of Hertogenbosch

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1603 New English King James I (James VI of Scotland) departs Edinburgh for London

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1609 Daimyo (Lord) of the Satsuma Domain in southern Kyūshū, Japan, completes his successful invasion of the Ryūkyū Kingdom in Okinawa.
  • 1614 2nd parliament of King James I begin session (no enactments)
  • 1621 Mayflower sails from Plymouth on a return trip to England
  • 1648 Spanish troops/feudal barons strike down people's uprising in Naples
  • 1722 Jacob Roggeveen discovers Easter Island
  • 1739 French emperor Karel VI sign secret treaty
  • 1751 Adolf Frederik of Holstein-Gottorp crowns himself king of Sweden
  • 1762 British take Grenada, West Indies, from French
  • 1768 1st US Chamber of Commerce forms (NYC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1792 George Washington casts 1st presidential veto

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1804 High Possil Meteorite: The first recorded meteorite in Scotland falls in Possil.
  • 1806 Isaac Quintard patents apple cider
  • 1812 British storm Badajoz fortress in Extremadura, Spain, held by French & Spanish
  • 1814 Netherlands Bank issues its 1st banknotes
  • 1815 Eruption of Tambora volcano (Sumbawa Java)

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1818 In the Battle of Maipú, Chile's independence movement - led by Bernardo O'Higgins and José de San Martín - win a decisive victory over Spain, leaving 2,000 Spaniards and 1,000 Chilean patriots dead.

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1861 Federals abandon Ft Quitman, Texas
  • 1862 Siege of Yorktown Virginia, begins by Army of the Potomac (US Civil War)
  • 1865 Battle at Amelia Springs/Jetersville Va (Appomattox Campaign)
  • 1874 Birkenhead Park, the first civic public park, designed by Joseph Paxton, opens in Birkenhead, England
  • 1879 Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
  • 1881 Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1887 Anne Sullivan teaches "water" to Helen Keller

Author Helen Keller
Author
Helen Keller
  • 1889 Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of Copper Beeches" (BG)
  • 1893 Cleveland passes Park Act (forerunner of Metroparks)
  • 1894 11 strikers killed in riot at Connellsville, Penn
  • 1894 Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of Empty House" (BG)
  • 1895 Start of Sherlock Holmes' "Adventure of 3 Students" (BG)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1895 Oscar Wilde loses libel case against Marquess of Queensberry, who accused him of homosexual practices

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • 1897 The Greco-Turkish War, also called "Thirty Days' War", is declared between Greece and the Ottoman Empire.
  • 1900 Attempted assassination of Edward, Prince of Wales in Brussels, fails
  • 1901 Under threats from the Ottoman Turkish Government, Bulgaria is forced to arrest the leaders of the Macedonian Committee
  • 1902 Maurice Ravel's "Pavane pour une infante defunte" premieres in Paris
  • 1902 In Glasgow, Scotland the Ibrox disaster occurs after a section of a grandstand collapses killing 25 and injuring 517
  • 1905 James Barrie's "Alice-sit-by-the-fire" premieres in London
  • 1906 St Pius X encyclical "On the Mariavites or Mystic Priests of Poland"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908 British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman resigns

British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
  • 1911 MCC tour match v Jamaica finishes in a tie
  • 1911 Waldorf W Aster acquires Daily Observer
  • 1915 French begin Woëvre-offensive
  • 1916 French troops occupy Bois de Caillette
  • 1919 Eamon de Valera becomes president of Dail Eireann
  • 1919 Polish Army executes 35 young Jews
  • 1922 KOB-AM in Albuquerque NM begins radio transmissions
  • 1922 WDZ-AM in Decatur IL begins radio transmissions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 Firestone Tire and Rubber Company starts producing inflatable tires

Tire Industrialist Harvey Firestone
Tire Industrialist
Harvey Firestone
  • 1925 Belgian Workers Party wins parliamentary election
  • 1927 Johnny Weissmuller set records in 100 & 200 m free style
  • 1929 Lithuania signs Litvinov-pact
  • 1930 England out for 849 v WI Kingston, Sandham out for 325
  • 1932 Dutch textile strike broken by trade unions
  • 1932 Dominion of Newfoundland: 10,000 rioters seize the Colonial Building leading to the end of self-government.
  • 1935 Croatian Farmers Party wins Yugoslavian election
  • 1936 Tupelo Mississippi virtually annihilated by a tornado, 216 die
  • 1938 Anti-Jewish riots break out in Dabrowa Poland
  • 1939 Membership of Hitler Youth becomes obligatory
  • 1941 In SF, Castro & Fillmore streetcars replaced by buses
  • 1943 Allies bomb Mortsel, Belgium's worse lose of life during WWII (936 civilians)
  • 1943 Japanese troops conquer Indin
  • 1943 Chinese steward Poon Lim is found off the coast of Brazil after being adrift 133 days
  • 1944 140 Lancasters bomb aircraft factory in Toulouse
  • 1944 World War II: 270 inhabitants of the Greek town of Kleisoura are executed by the Germans.
  • 1945 Almelo Netherlands freed
  • 1945 Kuniaki Koiso resigns as PM of Japan; replaced by Kantaro Suzuki
  • 1949 60 year old St Anthony's Hospital n Effingham, Illinois, catches fire, 77 people killed
  • 1950 Prague espionage trial against bishops & priests begins

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1951 Julius & Ethel Rosenberg, atomic spies, sentenced to death

Alleged Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Alleged Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg
  • 1952 Henry Wittenberg wins his 8th AAU wrestling title

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Anthony Eden succeeds Winston Churchill as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1956 In Sri Lanka, the Mahajana Eksath Peramuna win the general elections in a landslide and S.W.R.D. Bandaranaike is sworn in as the Prime Minister.
  • 1958 Ripple Rock, an underwater threat to navigation in the Seymour Narrows in Canada is destroyed in one of the largest non-nuclear controlled explosions of the time.
  • 1961 Dutch governor Platteel installs New Guinea Council
  • 1962 Herb Gardner's "Thousand Clowns" premieres in NYC
  • 1962 Mgr J Daems appointed bishop of Antwerp

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1962 NASA civilian pilot Neil Armstrong takes X-15 to 54,600 m

Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon Neil Armstrong
Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon
Neil Armstrong
  • 1962 St Bernard Tunnel finished-Swiss/Italians workers shake hands
  • 1963 Susuga Malietoa Tanumafili II becomes chief of Western Samoa
  • 1964 1st driverless trains run on London Underground
  • 1965 Lava Lamp Day celebrated
  • 1965 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 ATS II launched but fails to reach orbit
  • 1968 Jack Murphy Stadium in San Diego opens
  • 1968 US marine base Khe San Vietnam, appalled
  • 1969 Vietnam War: Massive antiwar demonstrations occur in many U.S. cities.
  • 1971 Fran Phipps is 1st woman to reach North Pole
  • 1971 Mount Etna erupts in Sicily
  • 1971 US Lt William Calley sentenced to life imprisonment for murdering 22 unarmed South Vietnamese civilians in the My Lai Massacre
  • 1971 In Sri Lanka, Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna launches insurrection against the United Front government of Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranaike.
  • 1972 Mets trade Ken Singleton to Expos for Rusty Staub
  • 1973 Pioneer 11 launched to Jupiter
  • 1974 World Trade Center, then the world's tallest building, opens in New York (110 stories)
  • 1975 Soyuz 18A launch aborted short of orbit; cosmonauts return safely

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1976 Harold Wilson resigns as James Callaghan becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

British Prime Minister James Callaghan
British Prime Minister
James Callaghan
British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson

Birthdays in History

  • 1288 Emperor Go-Fushimi of Japan (d. 1336)
  • 1472 Bianca Maria Sforza, wife of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1510)
  • 1523 Blaise de Vigenère, French cryptographer (d. 1596)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1588 Thomas Hobbes, English philosopher (Leviathan), born in Westport, England (d. 1679)

Philosopher Thomas Hobbes
Philosopher
Thomas Hobbes
  • 1604 Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine (d. 1675)
  • 1622 Vincenzo Viviani, Italian mathematician (d. 1703)
  • 1626 Jan van Kessel, Flemish painter
  • 1643 Charles V Leopold, Duke of Lorraine/fieldmarshal in Austria
  • 1649 Elihu Yale, England, philanthropist founded Yale
  • 1732 Jean-Honoré Fragonard, French artist (d. 1806)
  • 1788 Franz Pforr, German painter/cartoonist (Lukasbund)
  • 1795 Henry Havelock, British soldier (War in Afghanistan 1838-39)
  • 1816 Samuel Freeman Miller, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1890)
  • 1818 Lewis Baldwin Parsons, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1820 Nadar, [Félix Tournachon], French painter/cartoonist/author/ballonist
  • 1822 James Nagle, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1866)
  • 1824 Sydney Thompson Dobell, poet (Roman)
  • 1825 David Rumph "Neighbor" Jones, Major General (Confederate Army)
  • 1827 Joseph Lister, England, physician (founded aseptic surgery)
  • 1830 Alexander Muir, Lesmahagow Scotland, poet (Maple Leaf Forever)
  • 1832 Jules-Francois Camille Ferry, French statesman
  • 1837 Algernon Charles Swinburne, England, poet (Atalanta in Calydon)
  • 1838 Alpheus Hyatt, US, invertebrate paleontologist
  • 1839 Robert Smalls, Beaufort SC, African American congressman 1875-87 (Rep-SC)
  • 1845 Jules M Cambon, French gov-gen of Algeria/ambassador

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1856 Booker T. Washington, American education pioneer and 1st African American on a US stamp, born in Hale's Ford, Virginia (d. 1915)

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington
  • 1857 Alexander-Jozef von Battenberg, ruler of Bulgaria (1879-86)
  • 1869 Sergei Chaplygin, Russian physicist and engineer (d. 1942)
  • 1871 Jeanne Bougeois, [La Mistinguette], artist (French revue)
  • 1871 Mirko Seljan, Croatian explorer (d. 1913?)
  • 1872 Samuel Cate Prescott, American food scientist and microbiologist (d. 1962)
  • 1875 Mistinguett, French vaudeville performer (d. 1956)
  • 1899 William Hornby Steer, barrister/judge
  • 1901 Alexander Alexeieff, Russian/French painter/graphic artist
  • 1901 Chester Bowles, Mass, ambassador/writer (Conscience of a Liberal)
  • 1906 Arthur Guy Clutton-Brock, English agronomist
  • 1906 Lord Buckley, American monologist (d. 1960)
  • 1907 J Zeldenrust, Dutch pathologist/anatomist
  • 1908 Jagjivan Ram, Indian politician (d. 1986)
  • 1911 Goddard Lieberson, Hanley Staffordshire England, recording exec
  • 1913 Alan Cheales, dominican priest
  • 1914 Frederick Angus Armstrong, journalist
  • 1916 Baroness Delacourt-Smith of Alteryn [Margaret Rosalind Delacourt-Smith], British Labour politician
  • 1916 Bernard Baily, comic artist
  • 1917 Robert [Albert] Bloch, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, Psycho)
  • 1919 Douglas Henley, British auditor-general
  • 1919 Les Munro, New Zealand WWII pilot (Dambusters), born in Gisbourne (d. 2015)
  • 1920 Arthur Hailey, Luton England, novelist (Hotel, Airport)
  • 1920 Barend Biesheuvel, Dutch premier (1971-73)
  • 1920 Rafique Zakaria, Indian author (d. 2005)
  • 1921 Lady Fisher, founder (British Women Caring Trust)
  • 1922 Gale Storm, Bloomington Tx, actress (My Little Margie, Gale Storm Show)
  • 1923 Ernest Mandel, Belgian philosopher/economist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1923 Nguyen Van Thieu, South Vietnamese President (1965-75), born in Phan Rang, Vietnam (d. 2001)

Vietnamese Politican Nguyen Van Thieu
Vietnamese Politican
Nguyen Van Thieu
  • 1923 Stanley Orme, Chairman (British Labour Party)
  • 1924 Mart Kempers, Dutch graphic artist/sculptor
  • 1926 Milton O Thompson, astronaut (Dynasoar, X-15)
  • 1927 John Gilbert, British politician and Minister (L), born in London (d. 2013)
  • 1928 Peter Moore, Principal (London Business School)
  • 1929 Hugo Claus, Flemish writer/director (Cool Lover, Sugar)
  • 1931 Denis Lawton, director (London University Institute of Educ)
  • 1934 Tina Maria Stone, runner (1 year distance record of 15,472 miles)
  • 1934 Roman Herzog, German politician
  • 1935 Donald Lynden-Bell, British astronomer
  • 1936 John Albert, professor (Master of University College Oxford)
  • 1936 Michael Livesay, British admiral/pres (RN College Greenwich)
  • 1936 John Kelly, Irish republican politician (d. 2007)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1937 Colin Powell, general/asst to president (Nat Sec Affairs), born in The Bronx, New York

General and US Secretary of State Colin Powell
General and US Secretary of State
Colin Powell
  • 1937 Stuart May, senior partner (Theodore Goddard)
  • 1937 Allan R. Thieme, American inventor
  • 1938 Nancy Holt, American artist (land art) , born in Worcester, Massachusetts
  • 1939 Andrew Buxton, CEO (Barclays Bank)
  • 1941 Roman Balayan, Nerke Azerbaijan, director (Filer, Biryuk)
  • 1944 Ann [Elizabeth] Maxwell, US, sci-fi author (Jaws of Menx)
  • 1944 James Buckley, CEO (Baltic Exchange)
  • 1944 Peter T King, (Rep-R-New York)
  • 1944 Pedro Rossello, Puerto Rican politician
  • 1946 Jennifer Penney, ballerina
  • 1946 Robert E McKee, CEO/managing director (Conoco-UK)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1947 Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, President of the Philippines (2001-2010), born in San Juan

14th President of the Philippines Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
14th President of the Philippines
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
  • 1949 Judith Arlene Resnik, ast (STS 41D, 51L-Chal disaster), born in Akron, Ohio
  • 1950 Franklin R Chang-Diaz, Costa Rica, astro (STS 61C, 34,46,60,75, sk:91)
  • 1951 Roosevel Ferguson, Arkansas, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • 1951 Dean Kamen, American inventor
  • 1954 Michael W Butler, computer programmer (created TODAY program)
  • 1955 Janice Long, British radio host (Crash FM)
  • 1955 Renate Bruemmer, astronaut/cosmonaut
  • 1955 Akira Toriyama, Japanese manga artist
  • 1958 Cammie Lusko, Guinness' World Strongest Woman, born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1961 Jim LeRoy, Airshow Pilot
  • 1967 Gary Gait, Canadian lacrosse player
  • 1980 John McLaughlin, American television reporter
  • 1981 Michael A. Monsoor, United States Navy SEAL killed in Iraq and posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor, born in Long Beach, California

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1614 American Indian princess Pocahontas and daughter of chief Powhatan marries English colonist John Rolfe

American Indian Princess Pocahontas
American Indian Princess
Pocahontas

Deaths in History

  • 582 Eutychius, Patriarch of Constantinople (c. 512)
  • 828 Nicephorus, patriarch of Constantinopel (806-15), dies at about 77
  • 1168 Robert de Beaumont, 2nd Earl of Leicester (b. 1104)
  • 1258 Julian of Cornillon/Liege, Flemish visionary/saint, dies
  • 1270 Ramban Nachmanides, Talmudic scholar (Hiddushei Ha-Ramden), dies
  • 1419 Vincent Ferrer, Spanish missionary and saint (b. 1350)
  • 1531 Richard Roose, boiled to death for trying to poison an archbishop
  • 1605 Adam Loftus, English Protestant archbishop in Ireland (c.1513)
  • 1673 Francois Caron, admiral/governor (Formosa), drowns at about 72
  • 1676 John Winthrop, the Younger, American politician (b. 1606)
  • 1684 William Brouncker, English mathematician (Brouncker's formula) and the 1st President of the Royal Society, dies at around 64
  • 1693 Anne M L of Orleans, duchess (Grande Mademoiselle), dies at 65
  • 1695 George Savile, 1st marquis of Halifax, dies at 61
  • 1697 Charles XI, King of Sweden (1660-97), dies at 41
  • 1712 John Luyken, poet/etcher (species company), dies at 63
  • 1717 Jean Jouvenet, French painter (b. 1647)
  • 1723 J Fischer von Erlach, Austrian architect (Hofburg, Vienna), dies at 66
  • 1735 William Derham, English minister and writer (b. 1657)
  • 1735 Samuel Wesley, English poet (b. 1662)
  • 1765 Edward Young, English poet (Love of Fame), dies at 81
  • 1794 Georges-Jacques Danton, French revolutionary leader, guillotined at 34
  • 1811 Robert Raikes, founder of Sunday Schools, dies
  • 1820 Henrik C Cras, lawyer (Laudatio Hugonis Grotii), dies at 81
  • 1900 Comte de Villebois-Marevil, French/South African general, dies in battle
  • 1907 Anton G van Hamel, founder (Roman philosphy in Neth), dies at 65
  • 1918 Paul Vidal de la Blanche, French geographer, dies at 73
  • 1922 Charles F A Woeste, Belgian count/min of Justice, dies at 85
  • 1923 George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier (b. 1866)
  • 1928 Jane Ellen Harrison, scholar/archaeologist, dies
  • 1941 Sir Nigel Gresley, Steam locomotive engineer (b. 1876)
  • 1943 Aleš Hrdlička, Czech anthropologist (b. 1869)
  • 1944 Isolde Kurz, German writer/poetess (Meine Mutter), dies at 90
  • 1951 Edward Rigby, dies at 72
  • 1952 Henri Vandeputte, Belgian writer (L'Autre Vie), dies at 75
  • 1952 Charles Collett, GWR chief mechanical engineer (b. 1871)
  • 1958 Jozef Brems, Flemish apostole vicar of Denmark, dies at 87
  • 1963 Jacobus JP Old, architect/co-founder (The Style), dies at 73

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1964 Douglas MacArthur, US general (Pacific theater-WW II), dies at 84

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1966 Svend Fleuron, Danish writer, dies at 91
  • 1967 Hermann Joseph Muller, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (b. 1890)
  • 1968 Lois Andrews, dies of lung cancer at 44
  • 1969 Gabriel M-E-R Chevallier, French author (La Peur), dies at 73
  • 1969 Romulo Gallegos, Venezuela author/president (1947-48), dies at 84
  • 1969 Ain-Ervin Mere, Estonian Nazi (b. 1903)
  • 1970 Alfred Henry Sturtevant, American geneticist (b. 1891)
  • 1972 Isabel Jewell, dies at 62
  • 1973 John Coleman, Australian rules footballer (b. 1928)
  • 1974 A. Y. Jackson, Canadian painter (b. 1882)
  • 1975 Inez Courtney, dies at 67
  • 1975 Victor GM Marijnen, Dutch premier (1963-65), dies at 58

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1976 Howard Hughes, reclusive billionaire, dies at 72

Aviator and Businessman Howard Hughes
Aviator and Businessman
Howard Hughes
  • 1976 Wilder Penfield, Canadian surgeon (b. 1891)
  • 1977 John Marriott, dies at 83
  • 1979 Eugène Gabritschevsky, Russian biologist and artist (b. 1893)
  • 1981 Cornelis Verolme, Dutch ship builder, dies at 80
  • 1982 Abe Fortas, Supreme court justice, dies at 71
  • 1984 Arthur Travors Harris, marshal of British RAF, dies
  • 1986 Manly Wade Wellman, sci-fi author (Devil's Planet), dies at 82
  • 1989 María Cristina Gómez, Salvadoran Teacher (b. 1938)
  • 1990 Nico Scheepmaker, Dutch columnist/poet, dies at 59
  • 1991 John Tower, (Sen-R-Tx), dies in a plane crash at 65
  • 1991 Manley Lanier "Sonny" Carter Jr, USN/astro (STS 33), dies at 43

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1992 Sam Walton, Billionaire CEO (Wal-Mart), dies of multiple myeloma at 74

Founder of Walmart Sam Walton
Founder of Walmart
Sam Walton
  • 1994 Andre Victor Tchelistcheff, winemaker, dies at 92
  • 1994 Aubrey J Watson Sr, bishop, dies at 65
  • 1994 Marlon Riggs, US writer/director/producer (Ethnic notions), dies at 37
  • 1995 Christian Pineau, French politician, dies
  • 1996 Peter Nailor, civil servant/historian, dies at 67

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1997 Allen Ginsberg, beat poet, dies at 80

Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • 1997 Alparslan Turkes, Turkish politician (MHP), dies
  • 1999 Paul David, French-Canadian cardiologist (b. 1919)
  • 2001 Malcolm Shepherd [2nd Baron Shepherd], Politician (L) and Leader of the House of Lords (1974-76), dies at 82
  • 2004 Heiner Zieschang, German mathematician (b. 1936)
  • 2004 Sławomir Rawicz, Polish soldier (b. 1915)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2005 Saul Bellow, Canadian-American author (Mr Sammler's Planet, Nobel 1976), dies at 89

Novelist Saul Bellow
Novelist
Saul Bellow
  • 2005 Dale Messick, American comic strip artist (b. 1906)
  • 2005 John Sichel, British film and television director (b. 1937)
  • 2007 Maria Gripe, Swedish writer (b. 1923)
  • 2007 Leela Majumdar, Bengali writer (b. 1908)
  • 2007 Poornachandra Tejaswi, Kannada writer (b. 1938)
  • 2012 Ferdinand A. Porsche, German car designer (Porsche 911), dies at 76