On This Day in History for April 6

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 154


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

46 BC Julius Caesar defeats Caecilius Metellus Scipio and Marcus Porcius Cato (Cato the Younger) in the battle of Thapsus.

Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman Julius Caesar
Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman
Julius Caesar

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

402 Battle at Pollentia: Roman army under Stilicho beats Visigoten

Roman General Stilicho
Roman General
Stilicho
  • 610 Lailat-ul Qadar, night koran descended to Earth

Event of interestEvent of Interest

774 Charles the Great (Charlemagne) confirmed the gift to the Pope of the territories belonging to Ravenna made by his father Pepin the Short at Quiercy-sur-Loire in 753

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
Charlemagne
  • 1320 The Scots reaffirm their independence by signing the Declaration of Arbroath.
  • 1327 Italian poet Petrarch 1st sets eyes on his beloved Laura
  • 1362 Tard-Venus robber bands strike at Brignais, France
  • 1385 John, Master of the Order of Aviz, is made king John I of Portugal.
  • 1634 Heeren XIX (the directors of the Dutch West India Company) ask "to secure Eylands Curacao"
  • 1652 Cape Colony, the 1st European settlement in South Africa, established by Dutch East India Company under Jan van Riebeeck

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1663 King Charles II signs Carolina Charter

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1664 France & Saxony sign alliance
  • 1667 An earthquake devastates Dubrovnik, then an independent city-state.
  • 1672 France declares war on Netherlands

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1722 Peter the Great, Tsar of Russia, ends tax on men with beards

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1724 Thomas Pelham-Holles becomes British Minister of Foreign Affairs

British Prime Minister Thomas Pelham-Holles
British Prime Minister
Thomas Pelham-Holles
  • 1727 Denmark signs Covenant of Hannover

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1757 British King George II dismisses minister (Secretary of State for the Southern Department) William Pitt the Elder

British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner) William Pitt the Elder
British Prime Minister (The Great Commoner)
William Pitt the Elder
  • 1782 Rama I succeeds King Taksin of Siam (modern day Thailand), who is overthrown in a coup d'état.
  • 1789 1st US Congress begins regular sessions, Federal Hall, NYC
  • 1808 John Jacob Astor incorporates the American Fur Company.
  • 1815 British militia shoots prisoners, 100's killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1830 Joseph Smith & 5 others organize Mormon church in Seneca Co, NY

Religious Leader Joseph Smith Jr
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith Jr
  • 1841 Cornerstone laid for 2nd Mormon temple, Nauvoo, Illinois

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1843 William Wordsworth is appointed British Poet Laureate by Queen Victoria

Poet William Wordsworth
Poet
William Wordsworth
Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • 1848 Jews of Prussia granted equality
  • 1859 US recognizes Liberal government in Mexico's War of Reform
  • 1860 Joseph Smith III, creates the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints by reorganizing the previous church organized by his father, Joseph Smith, Jr.
  • 1862 Battle of Shiloh, Union defeats Confederacy in SW Tennessee
  • 1865 Battle of Sayler's Creek during US Civil War, 1/4rd of Lee's army cut off
  • 1865 Skirmish at High Bridge VA (Appomattox) during US Civil war;
  • 1866 Grand Army of the Republic forms in Decatur, Illinois, by Dr. Benjamin F. Stephenson
  • 1869 1st plastic, Celluloid, patented
  • 1883 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Speckled Band" (BG)
  • 1886 City of Vancouver BC incorporated
  • 1886 Declaration of Berlin neutralizes Tonga
  • 1890 French troops under capt Archinard occupy Segu, West-Sudan
  • 1893 Andy Bowen & Jack Burke box 7 hrs 19 mins to no decision (111 rounds)
  • 1893 Mormon Temple in Salt Lake City dedicated
  • 1903 General railroad strike against "worgwetten" (anti-strike laws)
  • 1903 The Kishinev pogrom in Bessarabia begins, forcing tens of thousands of Jews to later seek refuge in Israel and the Western world.
  • 1903 In Holland, railroad and dock workers go out on strike, but the government passes anti-strike bills, calls out troops, and promptly ends the strike on the 13th April
  • 1905 Germany receives invitation from Sultan of Morocco to an international conference to discuss matters relating to Morocco
  • 1909 1st credit union forms in US
  • 1909 North Pole reached by Americans Robert Peary & Matthew Henson
  • 1912 Electric starter 1st appeared in cars
  • 1914 American Radio Relay League (organization for hams) founded
  • 1916 German parliament approves unrestricted submarine warfare
  • 1917 US declares war on Germany, enters World War I
  • 1919 Bavaria proclaims itself a soviet republic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi orders a General Strike

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1920 To force German evacuation of the Ruhr area, the French occupy Frankfurt, Darmstadt, and Hanau
  • 1923 The first Prefects Board in Southeast Asia is formed in Victoria Institution, Malaysia.
  • 1924 4 planes leave Seattle on 1st successful around-the-world flight
  • 1924 Italy fascists receives 65% of vote of parliament
  • 1924 Völkische Block (Nazis) receives 17.8% of vote in Bavaria
  • 1925 1st film shown on an airplane (British Air)
  • 1930 1st transcontinental glider tow completed
  • 1930 Hostess Twinkies invented by bakery executive James Dewar
  • 1931 1st Scottsboro (Ala) trial begins - 9 blacks accused of rape
  • 1934 418 Lutheran ministers arrested in Germany
  • 1936 ANP begins telex service in Amsterdam
  • 1936 Tornado, kills 203 & injuring 1,800 in Gainesville Georgia
  • 1938 Teflon invented by Roy J. Plunkett
  • 1939 Great Britain & Poland sign military pact
  • 1939 US & UK agree on joint control of Canton & Enderbury Is (Pacific)
  • 1941 Beginning of operation Bestrafung - German bombers attack Belgrade (17,000 die)
  • 1941 British major general Michael Gambier-Parry captured in North Africa
  • 1941 German bombardment of Piraeus (munitions ship explodes)
  • 1941 Italian forces holding Addis Ababa surrender to British & Ethiopian forces
  • 1943 British & US armies link up in Africa during WW II
  • 1943 British offensive at Wadi Akarit, South Tunisia
  • 1943 Lou Jansen, leader of illegal Dutch political party (CPN) arrested
  • 1944 Jewish nursery at Izieu-Ain, France, overrun by Nazis
  • 1945 Coevorden freed from Nazis
  • 1945 Giant Japanese battleship Yamato heads to Okinawa
  • 1945 Massive kamikaze attack on US battle fleet near Okinawa
  • 1945 US marines explore Tsugen Shima near Okinawa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 1st Tony Awards: Arthur Miller, David Wayne & Patricia Neal win for theatrical achievements

Playwright Arthur Miller
Playwright
Arthur Miller

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 John Foster Dulles becomes advisor to US Secretary of State Acheson

US Secretary of State John Foster Dulles
US Secretary of State
John Foster Dulles
  • 1954 TV Dinner was 1st put on sale by Swanson & Sons
  • 1954 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Bikini Island
  • 1955 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1955 Yemen: failed coup by Abdullah Seif el-Islam
  • 1956 Polish communist Gomulka freed from prison
  • 1957 NYC ends trolley car service
  • 1957 USSR performs nuclear test (atmospheric tests)
  • 1964 Egypt & Belgium restore diplomatic relations
  • 1965 Intelsat 1 ("Early Bird") 1st commercial geosynchronous communications satellite launched
  • 1966 Mihir Sen swims Palk Strait between Sri Lanka & India

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Premier Georges Pompidou forms new French government

French President Georges Pompidou
French President
Georges Pompidou
  • 1968 94.5% of East German voters approve new socialist constitution
  • 1968 Firestone World Tournament of Champions won by Dave Davis
  • 1968 HemisFair 1968 opens in San Antonio, Texas
  • 1968 Gas and gunpowder explosions at sporting goods store, downtown Richmond, Indiana, kills 41 and injures more than 150

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 During a debate at Westminster on Northern Ireland, Harold Wilson of the Labour Party claimes that a draft Bill for the imposition of direct rule exists

British Prime Minister Harold Wilson
British Prime Minister
Harold Wilson
  • 1972 Egypt drops diplomatic relations with Jordan
  • 1972 The Scarman Tribunal Report, an inquiry into the causes of violence during the summer of 1969 in N Ireland, is published, finding that the Royal Ulster Constabulary had been seriously at fault
  • 1973 Dock strike in Gent/Antwerp, Belgium
  • 1973 Indian troops invade Sikkim

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1483 Raphael Sanzio, Italian painter and master builder (Madonna Sistina, School of Athens), born in Urbino (d. 1520) Julian calendar date

Italian painter and architect Raphael
Italian painter and architect
Raphael
  • 1613 Stjepan Gradić, Croatian philosopher and scientist (d. 1683)
  • 1632 Maria Leopoldine of Austria, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1649)
  • 1651 André Dacier, French classical scholar (d. 1722)
  • 1664 Arvid Horn, Swedish statesman (d. 1742)
  • 1671 Jean-Baptiste Rousseau, French playwright/poet (Sacred Odes & Songs)
  • 1773 James Mill, Scottish philosopher and historian (History of British India), born in Angus, Scotland (d. 1836)
  • 1810 Philip Gosse, intentor of institutional aquarium, writer (Omphalos)
  • 1812 Aaron Bernstein, writer
  • 1812 Alexander Herzen, Russian writer (d. 1870)
  • 1818 Aasmund Olavsson Vinje, Norwegian poet (d. 1870)
  • 1819 Johann A H Scheler, Belgian librarian
  • 1823 Joseph Medill, St John NB Canada, newspaper editor (Chicago Tribune)
  • 1826 Gustave Moreau, French painter
  • 1828 Charles William Field, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1892)
  • 1830 James Augustine Healy, Macon Ga, 1st African American Roman Catholic bishop
  • 1833 Johan H C Kern, Dutch linguist (Sanskrit, Old Javan)
  • 1841 Karl Binding, German jurist (d. 1920)
  • 1849 John William Waterhouse, British painter (d. 1917)
  • 1851 Guillaume Bigourdan, French astronomer (d. 1932)
  • 1860 René Lalique, French jewel designer
  • 1866 Joseph Lincoln Steffens, muckraker/journalist (Shame of the Cities)
  • 1869 Louis Raemakers, Dutch draftsman/painter
  • 1871 Alexander, grandson of England's Queen Victoria
  • 1878 Erich Mühsam, German author (d. 1934)
  • 1883 Mien Labberton, Dutch poetress
  • 1886 Osman Ali Khan, Asaf Jah VII, The Last Nizam of Hyderabad state (d. 1967)
  • 1888 Daniel Andersson, Swedish poet/writer (Svarta Ballader)
  • 1889 Gabriela Mistral [Lucila Godoy y Alcayaga], poet (Noebel Prize 1945) and diplomat, born in Vicuña, Chile (d. 1957)
  • 1890 Andre L Danjon, French astronomer
  • 1890 Anthony Fokker, Dutch aviation pioneer and an aircraft manufacturer (Eindecker monoplanes, Fokker Triplane)
  • 1892 Donald Wills Douglas, US, aircraft pioneer (McConnell Douglas)
  • 1894 Gertrude Baines, American Supercentarian
  • 1900 Leo Robin, US writer (Thanks For the Memory)
  • 1901 Pier Giorgio Frassati, Italian Catholic (d. 1925)
  • 1902 Veniamin Kaverin, Russian writer (d. 1989)
  • 1903 Harold Edgerton, foremost high-speed photographer
  • 1904 Kurt G Kiesinger, German chancellor (Wherever They May Be)
  • 1909 William M. Branham, American evangelist (d. 1965)
  • 1910 Desmond Dreyer, British admiral
  • 1917 Julian Faber, CEO (Willis Faber)
  • 1917 Shakey, [Walter Horton], Miss, harmonicist (Everybody's Fishin')
  • 1917 Leonora Carrington, Clayton-le-Woods UK, British-Mexican Surrealist artist
  • 1918 Joan Bernard, Principal (Trevelyan College, Durham)
  • 1918 Alfredo Ovando Candía, Bolivian president (d. 1982)
  • 1920 Bernard Carter, British painter and etcher
  • 1921 Franta Belsky, British sculptor
  • 1921 Lord Moore of Wolvercote [Philip Brian Cecil Moore], Private Secretary to the Sovereign (UK)
  • 1925 John Knox, British supreme court justice
  • 1925 Marcus Worsley, Lord-Lieutenant of North Yorkshire, (d. 2012)
  • 1926 Ian Paisley, North Ireland, clergyman/MP
  • 1926 Gil Kane, Latvian-born cartoonist (d. 2000)
  • 1927 David Ingram, Vice-Chancellor (University of Kent at Canterbury)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1928 James Watson, American chemist (co-discovered structure of DNA), born in Chicago, Illinois

Molecular Biologist James Watson
Molecular Biologist
James Watson
  • 1929 Li Yuan-chia, Chinese artist (Ton Fan group), born in Guangxi, China (d. 1994)
  • 1929 Willis Hall, British writer
  • 1933 Roy Goode, British lawyer
  • 1933 Eduardo Malapit, American Democratic politician (d. 2007)
  • 1935 James Graham, 8th Duke of Montrose, Southern Rhodesia-born hereditary peer of the Peerage of Scotland
  • 1935 John Pepper Clark, Nigeria, writer (Horn, Song of a Goat)
  • 1938 Paul Daniels, British magician (The Paul Daniels Magic Show), born in South Bank, Yorkshire (d. 2016)
  • 1938 Frances Schreuder, American socialite convicted of murder, born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 2004)
  • 1939 André Ouellet, French Canadian politician
  • 1940 Homero Aridjis, Mexican poet (La Tumba de Filidor)
  • 1941 Hans W Geissendorfer, Augsburg Germany, director (Sternsteinhof)
  • 1942 Barry Levinson, director (Rainman), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1943 Harry Conroy, trade unionist
  • 1944 John Stax, rocker (Pretty Things-Don't Bring Me Down)
  • 1945 Rodney Bickerstaffe, trade unionist
  • 1945 Neal Boortz, American talk radio personality
  • 1947 Jan Kees Wiebenga, Dutch MP (VVD)
  • 1949 Mary Maples Dunn, American college president (Smith College), born in Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin (d. 2017)
  • 1950 Dennis E Eckart, (Rep-D-OH, 1981- )
  • 1955 Keith Hunter Jesperson, Canadian-born serial killer
  • 1957 Maurizio Damilano, Italian speed walker (30K World Record)
  • 1957 Paolo Nespoli, Italian astronaut
  • 1959 Dianne Brill, Tampa, fashion designer/party girl (Queen of the Night)
  • 1961 Rory Bremner, impressionist
  • 1964 Phil Gayle, English news presenter
  • 1969 Jack Canfora, American playwright
  • 1979 Frederick MGDL Windsor, son of English prince Michael
  • 1982 Ilan Hall, Israeli-American chef
  • 1983 James Wade, English Darts Player
  • 2007 Princess Haalah bint Hashim, Princess of Jordan

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1868 Brigham Young marries his 27th & final wife

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young

HeartWedding of Interest

1896 23rd US President Benjamin Harrison (63) weds Mary Scott (37) at St Thomas Protestant Episcopal Church in New York City

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison

HeartWedding of Interest

1920 Physicist Erwin Schrödinger (32) weds Annemarie Bertel

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Erwin Schrödinger
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Erwin Schrödinger

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1943 US Marine Corps aviator and astronaut John Glenn (21) weds high school sweetheart Anna Margaret Castor

Astronaut and Politician John Glenn
Astronaut and Politician
John Glenn

Deaths in History

  • 885 Methodius, Greek apostle of the slaves/archbishop of Sirmium, dies
  • 912 Nottker "the Stamelaar", benedictine monk/poet, dies at about 71
  • 1147 Frederick II, Duke of Swabia (b. 1090)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1199 Richard I, the Lion-hearted, King of England (1189-99), dies at 41

  • 1199 Pierre Basile, French soldier
  • 1252 Peter of Verona, [Peter Martyr], Italian inquisitor/st, dies at 45
  • 1348 Petrarch's Laura, dies of plague
  • 1362 Jacques de Bourbon, count of Marche, killed in battle
  • 1472 Pieter Bladelin, Belgium, land owner (Middelburg castle), dies
  • 1489 Hans Waldmann, Swiss military/mayor (Zurich), beheaded
  • 1490 Matthias Corvinus, king of Hungary, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1520 Raphael [Sanzio], Italian artist (Sistine Madonna, School of Athens), dies on his 37th birthday

Italian painter and architect Raphael
Italian painter and architect
Raphael
  • 1528 Albrecht Durer, German painter/graphic artist, dies in Germany at 56
  • 1551 Joachim Vadianus, Swiss physician/mayor of Sankt Gallen, dies at 66
  • 1571 John Hamilton, Scottish prelate and politician
  • 1590 Francis Walsingham, English secretary of state, dies at about 57
  • 1593 Henry Barrow, English puritian/Congressionalist, hanged
  • 1593 John Greenwood, English Congressionalist, hanged
  • 1605 John Stow, English historian (Survey of London), dies
  • 1655 David Blondel, French Protestant clergyman (b. 1591)
  • 1661 John Webster, colonial Governor of Connecticut (Fundamental Orders of Connecticut), dies at about 71
  • 1686 Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey, English royalist statesman (b. 1614)
  • 1707 Willem Van de Velde, the Young, Dutch seascape painter, dies a 73
  • 1755 Richard Rawlinson, English minister and antiquarian (b. 1690)
  • 1825 Vladimir Borovikovsky, Russian painter (b. 1757)
  • 1829 Niels H Able, Norwegian mathematician (infinite series), dies at 26
  • 1833 Adamantios Korais, Greek humanist scholar (b. 1748)
  • 1838 Jose B de Andrada e Silva, premier of Brazil (1822-23), dies at 74
  • 1854 William Strickland, US architect, dies
  • 1862 Adley Hogan Gladden, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 51
  • 1862 Albert Sidney Johnston, US Confederate general, dies in battle at 59
  • 1865 John Austin Wharton, US Confederate general-major, dies at 36
  • 1865 Reuben B Boston, US Confederate cavalery colonel, dies in battle
  • 1883 Benjamin Wright Raymond, American politician (b. 1801)
  • 1884 Emanuel Geibel, writer, dies at 68
  • 1906 Alexander L Kielland, Norwegian writer (Working People), dies at 57
  • 1926 Giovanni Amendola, antifascist/editor-in-chief (Il Mondo), dies at 43
  • 1933 Elizabeth Bacon Custer, wife of George Armstrong Custer (b. 1842)
  • 1935 Edward Arlington Robinson, US poet, dies
  • 1939 Robert Courtneidge, British theater producer, dies
  • 1945 Benjamin M Telders, president (Dutch Liberal States Party), dies at 42
  • 1947 Herbert Backe, German Nazi politician (b. 1896)
  • 1953 Idris Davies, Welsh poet (b. 1905)
  • 1961 Jules J B V Bordet, Belgian bacteriologist (Nobel 1919), dies at 90
  • 1962 J C Heldring, Dutch businessman, dies at 74
  • 1963 Otto Struve, Russian-born astronomer (b. 1897)
  • 1968 Bobby Hutton, US Black Panther leader, shot to death
  • 1970 Sam Sheppard, American accused murderer (b. 1923)
  • 1974 Willem Dudok, Dutch architect (Hilversum Town Hall), dies at 89
  • 1974 Hudson Fysh, Australian aviator and businessman (b.1895)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1975 Chiang Kai-shek, Chinese political and military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China (1928-1975), dies at 87

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1976 Ruth P Thomson, writer, dies
  • 1976 Sidney Franklin, American bullfighter (b. 1903)
  • 1982 Paul Wiens, German writer and Stasi informant, dies at 59
  • 1983 Ana Maria, Salvador guerilla leader, murdered
  • 1990 Nancy Hawkes, (1946 best dress woman), dies at 73
  • 1990 Ronald E Evans, astronaut (Apollo 17), dies of a heart attack at 57

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1992 Isaac Asimov, Russian scientist and sci-fi writer (I Robot, Foundation Trilogy), dies from kidney failure at 72

Author, Biochemistry Professor Isaac Asimov
Author, Biochemistry Professor
Isaac Asimov
  • 1993 Hedi Amira Nouira, PM of Tunisia (1970-80), dies
  • 1994 Cyprian Niayamira, president of Burundi (1993-94), assassinated
  • 1994 Patricia Louise Dalton, chair (Sherlock Holmes Society), dies at 75
  • 1994 Theo Bosch, humanist/architect (Amsterdam), dies at 54
  • 1994 Cyprien Ntaryamira, 5th President of Burundi (1994), assassinated by missile strike on the plane he was travelling on over Kigali, Rwanda at 39

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1994 Juvénal Habyarimana, Rwandan General, Dictator and President of Rwanda (1973-94), assassinated by missile strike on his plane over Kigali, Rwanda at 57

Dictator and President of Rwanda Juvénal Habyarimana
Dictator and President of Rwanda
Juvénal Habyarimana
  • 1995 Vieno J Sukselainen, PM of Finland (1959-61), dies
  • 2000 Habib Bourguiba, Tunisian politician (b. 1903)
  • 2003 David Bloom, American reporter (b. 1963)
  • 2003 Gerald Emmett Cardinal Carter, Canadian religious figure (b. 1912)
  • 2004 Larisa Bogoraz, Soviet dissident (b. 1929)
  • 2005 Rainier III, Prince of Monaco (1949-2005), dies at 81
  • 2006 Francis L. Kellogg, U.S. diplomat and prominent socialite (b. 1917)
  • 2010 Wilma Mankiller, Native American activist, 1st woman chief of the Cherokee Nation, dies of cancer at 64
  • 2012 Fang Lizhi, Chinese astrophysicist/dissident, dies at 76
  • 2012 Bingu wa Mutharika, President of Malawi, dies from heart attack at 78
  • 2012 Thomas Kinkade, American artist, dies from acute intoxication at 54
  • 2014 Mickey Rooney, American Emmy award-winning actor (Boys Town, The Black Stallion), dies at 93