On This Day in History for April 7

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 143

  • 30 Scholars' estimate for Jesus' crucifixion by Roman troops in Jerusalem
  • 451 Attila's Huns plunder Metz

Event of interestEvent of Interest

529 First draft of Corpus Juris Civilis (a fundamental work in jurisprudence) issued by Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I

Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I
Eastern Roman Emperor
Justinian I
  • 1118 Pope Gelasius II excommunicated Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1348 Prague University, first university in central Europe, formed by Charles IV
  • 1456 Louis van Burbon becomes prince-bishop of Luik
  • 1498 Crowd storms Savonarola's convent San Marco Florence, Italy
  • 1509 France declares war on Venice
  • 1521 Inquisitor-general Adrian Boeyens bans Lutheran books

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1521 Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan's fleet reaches Cebu

  • 1541 Francis Xavier leaves Lisbon on a mission to the Portuguese East Indies.
  • 1584 Ieper surrenders to duke Van Parma
  • 1625 Albrecht von Wallenstein appointed German supreme commander
  • 1645 Michael Cardozo becomes 1st Jewish lawyer in Brazil
  • 1652 Dutch establish settlement at Cape Town, South Africa
  • 1655 Fabio Chigi replaces Pope Innocent X as Alexander VII
  • 1712 Slave revolt in New York kills 6 white men, 21 African Americans executed
  • 1739 Dick Turpin executed in England for horse stealing
  • 1776 Captain John Barry and the USS Lexington captures the Edward.
  • 1788 1st settlement in Ohio, at Marietta
  • 1795 France adopts the metre as the basic measure of length.
  • 1798 Mississippi Territory organized

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1818 General Andrew Jackson conquers St Marks Fla from Seminole indians

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1827 English chemist John Walker invents wooden matches
  • 1831 Dom Pedro abdicates to son, Dom Pedro II crowned emperor of Brazil
  • 1860 Grand duke Frederik I liberalizes laws in Bathe
  • 1862 Grant defeats Confederates at Battle of Shiloh, Tenn, Island #10 falls
  • 1863 Battle of Charleston, South Carolina failed Federal fleet attack on Fort Sumter
  • 1865 Battle of Farmville VA
  • 1868 Thomas D'Arcy McGee, one of the Canadian Fathers of Confederation is assassinated by the Irish, in one of the few Canadian political assassinations, and only federal politician.
  • 1888 Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Yellow Face" (BG)
  • 1890 Completion of the first Lake Biwa Canal.
  • 1891 Nebraska introduces 8 hour work day
  • 1901 SDAP demands general voting right/abolishing First Chamber
  • 1902 Texas Oil Company (Texaco) forms
  • 1906 Act of Algeciras drawn between Moroccan police & banking business
  • 1906 Mount Vesuvius erupts and devastates Naples.
  • 1917 De Falla's ballet "El Sombrero de tres Picos" premieres in Madrid
  • 1917 James Barries' "Old Lady Shows Her" premieres in London
  • 1919 1st parcel of land is purchased for Cleveland Metroparks

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1921 Revolutionary leader, Sun Yat-sen is elected President of China at Canton, though China remains divided into north and south and subject to rivalries of warlords

Father of Modern of China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern of China
Sun Yat-sen
  • 1922 Naval Reserve #3, "Teapot Dome," leased to Harry F Sinclair

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Warren G. Harding's Interior Secretary, Albert B. Fall, leases the Teapot Dome oil reserves to harry sinclair, setting in motion what comes to be known over the next two years as the Teapot Dome scandals

Founder of Sinclair Oil Harry Ford Sinclair
Founder of Sinclair Oil
Harry Ford Sinclair
29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
United States Senator Albert B. Fall
United States Senator
Albert B. Fall
  • 1923 1st brain tumor operation under local anesthetic performed (Beth Israel Hospital in NYC) by Dr K Winfield Ney
  • 1923 Workers Party of America (NYC) becomes official communist party
  • 1926 Forest fire burns 900 acres & kills 2 (San Luis Obispo California)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Mussolini is shot 3 times by Violet Gibson in Rome, only hitting him in the nose

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1927 Using phone lines TV is sent from Washington, D.C. to NYC
  • 1931 Seals Stadium opens in SF
  • 1933 1st 2 NAZI anti-Jewish laws, bars Jews from legal & public service
  • 1933 'National Beer Day" Cullen-Harrison act comes into effect legalising sale of low alcohol beer
  • 1933 University Bridge, Seattle opens for traffic

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 In India, Mahatma Gandhi suspended his campaign of civil disobedience

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1939 Italy invades Albania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 1st black to appear on US stamp (Booker T. Washington)

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington
  • 1940 US Post Office issues first postage stamp of African American educator Book T. Washington
  • 1941 British generals O'Connor & Neame captured in North Africa

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1943 Adolf Hitler & Benito Mussolini met for an Axis conference in Salzburg

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1943 British/US troops make contact at Wadi Akarit, South-Tunisia
  • 1943 Lt colonel Claus von Stauffenberg seriously wounded at allied air raid
  • 1944 World War II: General Montgomery speaks to generals at St. Paul's School about his vision for the upcoming D-Day landings
  • 1945 1st & last assault of German Rammkommando on US bombers
  • 1945 US B-17s bombs range at Luneburg
  • 1945 US planes intercept Japanese fleet heading for Okinawa on a suicide superbattleship Yamato & four destroyers were sunk
  • 1946 Part of East Prussia incorporated into Russian SFSR
  • 1946 Syria's independence from France is officially recognised.
  • 1948 World Health Organization formed by the United Nations
  • 1948 A Buddhist monastery burns in Shanghai, China, leaving twenty monks dead.
  • 1951 American Bowling Congress begins 1st masters tournament
  • 1951 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1953 1st west-to-east jet transatlantic nonstop flight
  • 1953 UN General Assembly begins session that will elect Dag Hammarskjöld of Sweden as Secretary-General
  • 1954 German government refuses to recognize DDR

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1954 US President Dwight D. Eisenhower in news conference is first to voice fear of a "domino-effect" of communism in Indo-China

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1956 Spain relinquishes her protectorate in Morocco
  • 1957 Last of NY's electric trolleys completes its final run
  • 1959 Oklahoma ends prohibition, after 51 years
  • 1959 Radar 1st bounced off Sun, Stanford Calif
  • 1962 Umrigar slams 172* v WI at Port-of-Spain in 248 minutes
  • 1962 Yugoslav ex-president Milovan Djilas returns to jail
  • 1963 Yugoslavia proclaimed a Socialistic republic
  • 1964 IBM announces the System/360.
  • 1965 Bevan Congdon makes a stumping as 12th man NZ v Pakistan
  • 1966 US recovers lost H-bomb from Mediterranean floor (whoops!)
  • 1967 Israeli/Syrian border fights
  • 1967 Tom Donahue, SF dj begins new radio format - Progressive (KMPX-FM)
  • 1969 Supreme Court strikes down laws prohibiting private possession of obscene material
  • 1969 The Internet's symbolic birth date: publication of RFC 1
  • 1970 "Effects of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-moon Marigolds," premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 US President Richard Nixon orders lt Calley (Mi Lai) free

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1972 Three members of the Irish Republican Army (IRA) die in a premature bomb explosion in Belfast
  • 1973 Cleveland sets day-game & opening-game attendance records of 74,420
  • 1974 Herb Gardner's "Thieves" premieres in NYC
  • 1975 Preliminary meeting in Paris on world economic crisis between oil-exporting, oil-importing, and non-oil Third World countries

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 Chinese Politburo fires vice-premier Deng Xiaoping

Paramount Leader of China Deng Xiaoping
Paramount Leader of China
Deng Xiaoping
  • 1977 Consumer Product Safety Comn bans "TRIS" flame-retardant
  • 1977 Toronto Blues Jays 1st game, they beat Chicago 9-5
  • 1977 German Federal Prosecutor Siegfried Buback and his driver are shot by two Red Army Faction members while waiting at a red light.
  • 1978 Guttenberg bible sold for $2,000,000 in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 US President Jimmy Carter defers production of neutron bomb

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter

Birthdays in History

  • 1506 Francis Xavier, saint/Jesuit missionary to India, Malaya, & Japan
  • 1534 Jose de Anchieta, Spanish jesuit/missionary (Brazilian Tupi-Indians)
  • 1613 Gerard Dou, Dutch painter (Night School) (d. 1675)
  • 1622 Louise Hollandine, daughter of King Frederik V & Elizabeth Stuart
  • 1629 Juan Jose, of Austria, Spanish general/governor of Netherlands
  • 1644 François de Neufville, duc de Villeroi, French soldier (d. 1730)
  • 1648 Ferdinand van Kessel, Flemish painter
  • 1648 John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby, English statesman and poet (d. 1721)
  • 1652 Clement XII, [Lorenzo Corsini], Italian Pope (1730-40), born in Florence (d. 1740)
  • 1718 Hugh Blair, Scottish preacher and man of letters (d. 1800)
  • 1727 Michel Adanson, French botanist (d. 1806)
  • 1756 Charles Felix, King of Sardina (1821-31)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1770 William Wordsworth, English poet laureate (The Prelude), born in Cockermouth, Cumberland (d. 1850)

  • 1772 F M Charles Fourier, French socialist
  • 1775 Francis C Lowell, founded 1st raw cotton-to-cloth textile mill
  • 1780 William Ellery Channing, US, Unitarian clergyman
  • 1786 William Rufus DeVane King, (D) 13th VP (1853)
  • 1801 Henry Eagle, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1882)
  • 1803 Flora Tristan, French writer and social activist, born in Paris (d. 1844)
  • 1803 James Curtiss, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1859)
  • 1805 Francis Wilkinson Pickens, (Gov-SC, Confederacy), (d. 1869)
  • 1822 Gershom Mott, Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1841 Alfred Cogniaux, Belgian botanicus
  • 1841 Joseph H "Jozef" Neuhuys, painter
  • 1847 J. P. [Jens Peter] Jacobsen, Danish writer (Niels Lyhne), born in Thisted, Jutland (d. 1885)
  • 1848 Randall Thomas Davidson, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1930)
  • 1858 Adrien H Gerhard, Dutch socialist politician (SDAP)
  • 1860 Will Keith Kellogg, American cereal manufacturer (Kellogg's cereal brand), born in Battle Creek, Michigan (d. 1951)
  • 1869 David Grandison Fairchild, US, botanist/explorer, brought plants to US
  • 1870 Gustav Landauer, German socialist
  • 1872 William Monroe Trotter, Hyde Park, Massachusetts, newspaper editor and African-American rights activist
  • 1878 Jozef C Bittremieux, Flemish theologist (Virgin & Mother of God)
  • 1882 Kurt von Schleiger, German chancellor (12/2/32-1/28/33)
  • 1883 Gino Severini, Italian painter (d. 1966)
  • 1884 Charles Dodd, English new testament authority
  • 1884 Louis H N Bosch van Rosenthal, Dutch politician/resistance fighter
  • 1890 Marjory Stoneman Douglas, environmentalist (1st Lady of Everglades)
  • 1891 Ole Kirk Christiansen, Danish inventor (founded LEGO), born in Filskov, Denmark (d. 1958)
  • 1893 Allen Dulles, American Central Intelligence Agency director (d. 1969)
  • 1894 Gerald Brenan, English writer
  • 1895 Lewis B Combs, naval commander/civil engineer
  • 1897 Erich Loewenhardt, German flying ace of World War I (d. 1918)
  • 1908 Le Duan, Vietnamese politician
  • 1909 Robert Charroux, French writer (d. 1978)
  • 1911 Kenneth Oakley, Amersham Buckinghamshire, English Anthropologist, Palaeontologist, and Geologist whose method for the relative dating of fossils using fluorine content was instrumental in exposing the Piltdown Man hoax
  • 1912 John Adrian Hope, politician/businessman
  • 1913 Charles Vanik, American politician (d. 2007)
  • 1914 Sydney Thompson, rock climber
  • 1915 Henry Kuttner, US, sci-fi author (Dark World, As You Were)
  • 1920 Terence Armstrong, British polar geographer (d. 1996)
  • 1924 Johannes Mario Simmel, Austrian writer
  • 1926 Johannes Rood, Dutch immunologist (Eurotransplant)
  • 1928 Alan J Pakula, director (All the President's Men, Klute)
  • 1928 James White, UK, sci-fi author (Star Surgeon, Star Healer)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1929 "Crazy" Joe Gallo, American mobster, born in Brooklyn, New York

Gangster Joe Gallo
Gangster
Joe Gallo
  • 1929 Bob Denard, French mercenary (d. 2007)
  • 1931 Daniel Ellsberg, whistleblower (Pentagon Papers)/patriot
  • 1931 Donald Barthelme, American writer (Snow White, Sadness), born in Philadelphia, Pa (d. 1989)
  • 1934 Swami Shantananda, Hindu Saint, Philosopher, Disciple of Swami Sivananda, Founder of Temple of Fine Arts
  • 1935 Hodding Carter III, American White House press secretary (Jimmy Carter)
  • 1935 Yvonne Fedderson, co-founder (Childhelp USA)
  • 1936 Jean-Pierre Changeux, French neuroscientist
  • 1936 Tariq Aziz, Iraqi politician and close adviser to Saddam Hussein, born in Tel Keppe, Iraq (d. 2015)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1938 Jerry Brown, Governor of California (D-1975-83, 2011-), born in San Francisco, California

Governor of California Jerry Brown
Governor of California
Jerry Brown
  • 1939 Donald L Holmquest, astronaut, born in Dallas, Texas
  • 1944 Gerhard Schröder, Chancellor of Germany
  • 1945 Martin Lewis, British newsreader
  • 1945 Joël Robuchon, French chef
  • 1947 Eliseo Soriano, Philippine evangelist
  • 1955 Andrea Fisher, American artist, born in New York (d. 1997)
  • 1956 Annika Billström, Swedish politician
  • 1956 Christopher Darden, American O.J. Simpson prosecutor
  • 1962 Bonny Warner, Mount Baldy California, lugist
  • 1963 Jaime de Marichalar, duke of Lugo, Spanish royalty
  • 1965 Alison Lapper, British artist
  • 1966 Gary Wilkinson, English snooker player
  • 1973 Carole Montillet, French skier
  • 1986 Brooke Brodack, American internet celebrity

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1921 French president Charles de Gaulle (30) weds Yvonne Vendroux (20)

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle

HeartWedding of Interest

1940 Writer Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (21) weds Natalya Reshetovskaya

Writer and Nobel Laureate Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
Writer and Nobel Laureate
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

Deaths in History

  • 30 Jesus Christ is crucified, according to astronomer Schaefer
  • 924 Berengarius I, Emperor of Italy, murdered
  • 1307 Joan of Acre, daughter of Edward I of England (b. 1271)
  • 1444 John Capreolus, French theologist (Libri IV), dies at about 50
  • 1498 Charles VIII, King of France (1483-98), dies at 27
  • 1524 Philip of Burgundy, bishop of Utrecht, dies
  • 1614 El Greco, Greek-born artist working in Spain (b. 1541)
  • 1638 Shimazu Tadatsune, Japanese ruler of Satsuma (b. 1576)
  • 1651 Lennart Torstenson, Swedish soldier and engineer (b. 1603)
  • 1658 Juan Eusebio Nieremberg, Spanish mystic (b. 1595)
  • 1661 Sir William Brereton, 1st Baronet, English soldier and politician (b. 1604)
  • 1663 Francis Cooke, Mayflower pilgrim (b. c. 1583)
  • 1668 William Davenant, English poet (b. 1606)
  • 1719 Jean-Baptiste de la Salle, French priest/theory/saint, dies at 67
  • 1739 Dick Turpin, English highwayman (hanged) (b. 1706)
  • 1747 Leopold I, Prince of Anhalt-Dessau, Prussian field marshal (b. 1676)
  • 1766 Tiberius Hemsterhuis, Dutch classicist, dies at 81
  • 1782 Taksin, King of Thailand (b. 1734)
  • 1789 Peter Camper, anatomist/animal scholar, dies at 66
  • 1789 Abd-ul-Hamid I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1725)
  • 1801 Noël François de Wailly, French lexicographer (b. 1724)
  • 1803 [Francois D] Toussaint L'Ouverture/Haitian revolutionary, dies
  • 1810 Pieter L van de Kasteele, Dutch politician/patriot, dies at 61
  • 1811 Garsevan Chavchavadze, Georgian diplomat and politician (b. 1757)
  • 1823 Jacques Charles, French chemist (b. 1746)
  • 1823 Jacques-Alexandre-César Charles, French inventor and balloonist who (with Nicholas Robert) was the first to take flight in a hydrogen balloon, dies at 76
  • 1836 William Godwin, English political writer (b. 1756)
  • 1842 Henrik A Bjerregaard, Norw writer/poet (Fjeldeventyret), dies at 50
  • 1850 William Lisle Bowles, English poet (14 Sonnets), dies at 87
  • 1868 D'Arcy McGee, Canadian journalist and Father of Confederation (b. 1825)
  • 1871 Alexander, grandson of English queen Victoria, dies at 1 day old
  • 1871 Wilhelm Freiherr von Tegetthoff, Aus adm (Helgoland/Lissa), dies at 43
  • 1871 Alexander Lloyd, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1805)
  • 1875 Georg Herwegh, writer, dies at 57
  • 1881 Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte, Corsican MP, dies at 65
  • 1884 Maria van Ackere-Doolaeghe, Flemish poet (Avondlamp), dies at 80
  • 1885 Carl Theodor Ernst von Siebold, German physiologist (b. 1804)
  • 1891 Phineas T Barnum, US circus promoter (B & Bailey), dies at 88
  • 1920 Karl Binding, German jurist (b. 1841)
  • 1928 Alexander Bogdanov, Russian physician and philosopher (b. 1873)
  • 1932 Erv A Kelley, US policeman, shot to death by Pretty Boy Floyd
  • 1933 Jan Erik/Eric Jan Hanussen, Berlin astrologist/illusionist, murdered
  • 1934 William Monroe Trotter, African, dies on 62nd birthday in Boston
  • 1939 Joseph Lyons, tenth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1879)
  • 1943 Jovan Ducic, Serbian poet (Blue Legends), dies at 72
  • 1943 Alexandre Millerand, President of France (b. 1859)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1947 Henry Ford, American industrialist and auto maker (Ford Model T), dies at 83

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • 1950 Walter Huston, dies at 66
  • 1961 Marian Jordan, radio comedienne (Fibber McGee & Molly), dies at 62
  • 1970 Josina Machel, wife of Mozambique's 1st pres Samora Machel, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1972 "Crazy" Joe Gallo, American mobster, murdered at his 43rd birthday party by rival mobsters

Gangster Joe Gallo
Gangster
Joe Gallo
  • 1972 Abeid Karume, Tanzanian sheik/president, murdered
  • 1977 Siegfried Buback, German FR procureur-genl, murdered attorney-general
  • 1979 Bruno Apitz, German writer, dies at 78
  • 1984 Frank Church, (Sen-D-Ohio, 1957-81), dies at 59
  • 1984 Samuel C Engel, poet, dies of heart failure at 79
  • 1989 Tikhon Toropets, patriarch of Russian Orthodox/saint, dies at 123(?)
  • 1992 Alix Talton, former Miss Georgia, dies of lung cancer at 72
  • 1992 Clovis Ruffin, fashion designer (T shirt dress), dies of AIDS at 46
  • 1993 Richard Schmiechen, dies of AIDS at 45
  • 1994 Agathe Uwilingiyimana, Prime Minister of Rwanda (1993-94) and one of the 1st female political figures in Africa, assassinated by the presidential guard in the opening stages of the Rwandan Genocide at 40
  • 1994 Angelus Gottfried "Golo" Mann, German/US historian, dies at 85
  • 1994 Arthur Gordon Clough, journalist, dies at 59
  • 1994 Evert Hartman, Dutch writer (War Without Friends), dies at 56
  • 1994 Francois de Grossouvre, Pres Mitterrand advisor, suicide at 76
  • 1995 Philip Vincent Belloc Jebb, architect, dies at 68
  • 1996 Ian Spurling, ballet designer, dies at 59
  • 1996 John Evan "Jasper" Weston-Davies [pen name Berkley Mather], English writer, dies at 87
  • 1997 Georgi Shonin, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1935)
  • 2003 Cecile de Brunhoff, French storyteller (b. 1903)
  • 2003 David Greene, British television director (b. 1921)
  • 2007 Johnny Hart, American cartoonist (B.C., Wizard of Id), dies at 76
  • 2009 Dave Arneson, Co-creator of Dungeons & Dragons (b. 1947)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2010 George Nissen, American inventor (created the trampoline), dies at 96

Inventor and Gymnast George Nissen
Inventor and Gymnast
George Nissen
  • 2011 Duke of Grafton, 11th Duke of Grafton, British peer, dies at 92

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2012 Mike Wallace [Myron], American media personality, dies at 93

Newscaster Mike Wallace
Newscaster
Mike Wallace
  • 2013 John St Aubyn, 4th Baron St Levan, English peer (St Michael's Mount), dies at 94
  • 2014 Peaches Geldof, English columnist and daughter of Bob Geldof and Paula Yates, dies of a heroin overdose at 25