On This Day in History for April 8

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 109


MurderAssassination

217 Roman Emperor Caracalla is assassinated (and succeeded) by his Praetorian Guard prefect, Marcus Opellius Macrinus.

Roman Emperor Caracalla
Roman Emperor
Caracalla
  • 1093 The new Winchester Cathedral is dedicated by bishop Walkelin
  • 1139 Roger II of Sicily is excommunicated.
  • 1149 Pope Eugene III takes refuge in the castle of Ptolemy II of Tusculum.
  • 1195 Alexius III Angelus drives out brother Isaak II as Byzantine emperor
  • 1341 Petrarch crowned a poet on the Capitoline Hill in Rome
  • 1378 Bartolomeo Prignano elected as Pope Urban VI

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1455 Alfonso de Borgia elected as Pope Callistus III

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1500 Battle at Novara: King Louis XII beats duke Ludovico Sforza

Duke of Milan Ludovico Sforza
Duke of Milan
Ludovico Sforza
  • 1530 Holy Roman Emperor convenes Imperial Diet in German city of Augsburg to address Protestant tensions
  • 1730 1st Jewish congregation in US forms synagogue, "Shearith Israel, NYC"
  • 1759 British troops chase French out of Masulipatam India
  • 1766 1st fire escape patented, wicker basket on a pulley & chain
  • 1767 Ayutthaya kingdom falls to Burmese invaders

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1783 Catherine II of Russia annexes the Crimea

Empress of Russia Catherine the Great
Empress of Russia
Catherine the Great
  • 1789 First meeting of the US House of Representatives

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1796 Carl Friedrich Gauss, German mathematician, proves the quadratic reciprocity law (the ability to determine the solvability of any quadratic equation in modular arithmetic)

Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss
Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist
Carl Friedrich Gauss
  • 1801 Soldiers riot in Bucharest, kill 128 Jews
  • 1802 French Protestant church becomes state-supported & -controlled
  • 1808 The Roman Catholic Diocese of Baltimore was promoted to an archdiocese, with the founding of the dioceses of New York, Philadelphia, Boston, and Bardstown (now Louisville) by Pope Pius VII.
  • 1820 The famous ancient Greek statue, Venus de Milo is discovered on the Aegean island of Melos

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1832 Charles Darwin begins trip through Rio de Janeiro

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1838 Steamship "Great Western" maiden voyage (Bristol, England, to NYC)
  • 1848 1st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
  • 1848 Battle at Xaquixaguana, Peru: Pedro de la Gasca beats Gonzalo Pizarro
  • 1861 US mint at Dahlonega, Georgia, seized by confederacy (US Civil War)
  • 1862 John D Lynde patents aerosol dispenser
  • 1864 Battle of Mansfield, La; Federals routed by Gen Richard Taylor
  • 1866 Italy and Prussia ally against Austria-Hungary.
  • 1869 American Museum of Natural History opens (NYC)
  • 1879 Khedive Ismael of Egypt fires French/British ministers
  • 1879 Milk was sold in glass bottles for 1st time

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 William Ewart Gladstone introduces the first Irish Home Rule Bill into the British House of Commons.

British Prime Minister William Gladstone
British Prime Minister
William Gladstone
  • 1886 First Home Rule Bill for Ireland presented by Gladstone, the Liberal Prime Minister of Britain, to the House of Commons
  • 1893 The Critic reports that ice cream soda is America's national drink
  • 1898 Battle of Atbara River, Anglo-Egyptian forces crush 6,000 Sudanese
  • 1902 Russia and China sign the Convention of Evacuation under which Russia agrees to evacuate Manchuria within 18 months
  • 1902 Demonstration organised by socialists in Belgium as people demand better education, living conditions, the right to strike and universal male suffrage result in a riot and some deaths
  • 1904 Great Britain and France establish their Entente Cordiale, a technical treaty settling long-standing disagreements over Morocco, Egypt, Africa, and the Pacific
  • 1904 British mystic Aleister Crowley transcribes the first chapter of the Book of the Law.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1908 H. H. Asquith succeeds Henry Campbell-Bannerman as British Prime Minister

British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
  • 1912 Steamers collide in Nile, drowning 200
  • 1913 17th amendment, requiring direct election of senators, ratified
  • 1913 Opening of China's 1st parliament takes place in Peking (now Beijing)
  • 1914 US & Colombia sign a treaty concerning Panama Canal Zone
  • 1916 Norway approves active & passive female suffrage
  • 1924 South African State pass the Industrial Conciliation Act No 11: the act provided for job reservation, excluded blacks from membership of registered trade unions,and prohibited registration of black trade unions

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Indian Independence Movement: At the Delhi Central Assembly, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt throw handouts and bombs to court arrest.

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh
  • 1931 "White Horse Inn" opens in London
  • 1931 Dmitri Shostakovitch's ballet "The Arrow" premieres
  • 1933 Manchester Guardian warns of unknown Nazi terror

  • 1935 Bartoks 5th String quartet premieres in Washington, D.C.
  • 1935 Works Progress Administration approved by Congress
  • 1939 King Zog I of Albania flees
  • 1940 German battle cruisers sink British aircraft carrier Glorious
  • 1943 Hakuun Yasutani Roshi, founder of Sanbo Kyodan, receives dharma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, in an attempt to check inflation, freezes wages and prices, prohibits workers from changing jobs unless the war effort would be aided thereby, and bars rate increases to common carriers and public utilities.

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1945 Nazi occupiers executed, Nazi general Christiansen flees Netherlands
  • 1946 League of Nations assembles for last time
  • 1947 Largest recorded sunspot (7,000) observed
  • 1948 Soen Nakagawa & Nyogen Senzaki (Zen teachers) meet in SF
  • 1952 US President Harry Truman seizes steel mills to avert a strike

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Jomo Kenyatta convicted of involvement with the Mau Mau rebellion and sentenced to 7 years jail in Kenya

Founding Father of Kenya Jomo Kenyatta
Founding Father of Kenya
Jomo Kenyatta
  • 1956 6 marine recruits drown during exercise at Paradise Is SC
  • 1956 M Bandaranaike's People's front wins election in Ceylon
  • 1960 Neth & Germany sign accord concerning war casualties
  • 1960 US Senate passes Civil Rights Bill with measures against discriminatory voting pracrices
  • 1961 British liner "Dara" explodes in Persian Gulf, kills 236
  • 1962 Accords of Evian (Algeria) accepted by referendum in France
  • 1964 Unmanned Gemini 1 launched
  • 1965 India & Pakistan forces engage in a border fight
  • 1966 OAO 1, 1st orbiting astronomical observatory, launched
  • 1966 Time publishes its "Is God Dead" issue - its first issue without an image
  • 1968 Czechoslovakia Cernik government forms
  • 1968 New socialist constitution of East Germany takes effect

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Gangsters Henry Hill and Jimmy Burke commit the Air France robbery, stealing $420,000

Mobster and FBI informant Henry Hill
Mobster and FBI informant
Henry Hill
  • 1970 Senate rejects Nixon's nomination of Carswell to Supreme Court
  • 1971 1st legal off-track betting system begins (OTB-New York)
  • 1973 Thirty-two terrorist bombings in Cyprus take place.
  • 1974 Discovery Island opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Israeli premier Yitzhak Rabin resigns

5th Prime Minister of Israel Yitzhak Rabin
5th Prime Minister of Israel
Yitzhak Rabin
  • 1979 People's Republic of China joins IOC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 In front of a live audience of 20 tourists, David Copperfield makes the Statue of Liberty disappear

  • 1985 Amdahl releases UTS/V, 1st mainframe Unix
  • 1985 India files suit against Union Carbide over Bhopal disaster
  • 1990 King Birendra of Nepal lifts 30-year ban on political parties
  • 1990 Norwegian ferry Scandinavian Star catches fire; 159 people die
  • 1990 New Democracy wins the national election in Greece.
  • 1991 Oakland A's stadium becomes 1st outdoor arena in USA to ban smoking
  • 1992 After 151 years Britain's "Punch Magazine" final issue
  • 1993 Indians' Carlos Baerga is 1st to switch hit HRs in same inn (vs Yanks)
  • 1993 STS-56 (Discovery) launches into orbit
  • 1994 Japans premier Morihiro Hosokawa resigns
  • 1994 Smoking banned in Pentagon & all US military bases
  • 1995 BPAA US Open won by Dave Husted
  • 1997 Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 4 Beta
  • 1997 STS 83 (Columbia 22) lands
  • 1999 Haryana Gana Parishad, a political party in the Indian state of Haryana, merges with the Indian National Congress.
  • 2000 Nineteen US Marines are killed when a V-22 Osprey tilt-rotor aircraft crashes near Marana, Arizona
  • 2004 Darfur conflict: The Humanitarian Ceasefire Agreement is signed by the Sudanese government and two rebel groups

Birthdays in History

  • 1320 King Peter I of Portugal (d. 1367)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1460 Juan Ponce de León, Spanish explorer and conquistador who searched for the fountain of youth and the first European to discover Florida, born in Santervás de Campos, Castile, Spain (d. 1521)

Explorer and  Conquistador Juan Ponce de León
Explorer and Conquistador
Juan Ponce de León
  • 1541 Michele Mercati, Italian physician (d. 1593)
  • 1582 Phineas Fletcher, English poet, born in Cranbrook (d. 1650)
  • 1605 Louis de Vadder, Flemish painter
  • 1605 Philip IV, King of Spain & Portugal (1621-65)
  • 1631 Cornelis de Heem, painter
  • 1641 Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney, English statesman (d. 1704)
  • 1642 Gerard Callenbach, Dutch admiral
  • 1655 Louis Willem I, Margrave (Baden-Baden)
  • 1695 Johann Christian Gunther, German poet, born in Striegau, Silesia (d. 1723)
  • 1726 Lewis Morris, US farmer (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1731 William Williams, US merchant (signed Declaration of Independence)
  • 1732 David Rittenhouse, American astronomer, inventor, and mathematician (d. 1796)
  • 1741 Jose B da Gama, Portuguese poet (O Uraguai)
  • 1775 Adam A earl von Neipperg, Austrian general/Napoleon's wife Marie lover
  • 1783 John Claudius, horticulturist, born in London, England
  • 1798 Dionysios Solomos, poet
  • 1816 Frederick William Burton, painter
  • 1818 Christaan IX, king of Denmark (1863-1906)
  • 1826 Pancha Carrasco, Costa Rican war heroine (d. 1890)
  • 1827 Ramón Emeterio Betances, Puerto Rican politician, medical doctor and diplomat (d. 1898)
  • 1828 George Baird Hodge, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1831 Allard Pierson, Dutch theologiost/philosopher/art historian/poet
  • 1832 Alfred von Waldersee, Prussian fieldmarshal
  • 1842 Elizabeth Bacon Custer, wife of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1933)
  • 1850 William H. Welch, American pathologist who founded John Hopkins Hospital, born in Norfolk, Connecticut (d. 1934)
  • 1859 Edmund Husserl, German philosopher (founded Phenomenology)
  • 1865 Charles W. Woodworth, American entomologist (d. 1940)
  • 1869 Harvey Cushing, American neurosurgeon (blood pressure studies)
  • 1871 Clarence Hudson White American photographer (d. 1925)
  • 1874 Stanisław Taczak, Polish general (d. 1960)
  • 1875 Albert I LCMM von Saksen-Coburg, king of Belgium (1909-34)
  • 1883 R. P. Keigwin, English academic (d. 1972)
  • 1886 Margaret A Barnes, writer
  • 1888 Dennis Chavez, American politician (d. 1964)
  • 1892 Richard Neutra, American architect (d. 1970)
  • 1893 Henri Puvrez, Belgian sculptor (Sereniteit)
  • 1898 Achiel H Acker, Belgian premier (1945-46, 1954-58)
  • 1898 Cecil [Maurice] Bowra, British classics expert (Greek experience)
  • 1904 John R Hicks, British economist (Nobel 1972)
  • 1905 Hans Scherfig, Danish marxist/writer (Idealister, Frydenholm)
  • 1905 Helen B M Fennell Joseph, anti-apartheid writer (Side by Side)
  • 1905 Pierre Wigny, Belgian minister of Foreign affairs (1958-61) [or 4/18]
  • 1906 Charles J B Jonckheere, Flemish poet/writer (Mirror of the Sea)
  • 1907 Maurice Stacey, chemist
  • 1908 Neil Lawson, British high court judge
  • 1909 George Dixon, trumpet/sax
  • 1909 William James Millar Mackenzie, political scientist
  • 1911 Douglas Hyde, socialist/Christian
  • 1911 Emil Mihai Cioran, writer/aphorist
  • 1911 Melvin Calvin, US chemist (photosynthesis, Nobel 1961)
  • 1913 H Ernst, bishop (Breda Neth)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1918 Betty [Bloomer] Ford, US 1st lady (1974-77) and founder of the Betty Ford Center clinic, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2011)

US First Lady Betty Ford
US First Lady
Betty Ford
  • 1918 Glendon Swarthout, American author (d. 1992)
  • 1919 [Douglas] Ian Smith, premier of Rhodesia (1964-..)
  • 1923 George Fisher, American cartoonist (d. 2003)
  • 1924 Sir Anthony Farrar-Hockley, English soldier and historian (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Henry N. Cobb, American architect
  • 1926 Jürgen Moltmann, German theologian
  • 1928 Mary Zeldenrust-Noordanus, CEO (NVSH)
  • 1928 Leah Rabin, wife of Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin (d. 2000)
  • 1929 Renzo de Felice, historian
  • 1930 Julien Van Remoortere, [Piet Mortelman], Flemish writer (Fist)
  • 1930 Mary Moore, principal (St Hilda's College, Oxford)
  • 1930 Carlos Hugo of Bourbon-Parma, Duke of Parma
  • 1934 Kisho Kurokawa, Japanese architect (d. 2007)
  • 1935 Albert G Bustamante, (Rep-D-TX, 1985- )
  • 1935 Elizabeth Barrett-Connor, epidemiologist (Living legacy award-1984)
  • 1937 Ronald Anthony "Tony" Clegg, property trader
  • 1937 Seymour Hersh, award winning investigative reporter (NY Times)
  • 1938 Kofi Annan, Ghanaian diplomat and 7th Secretary-General of the United Nations (1997-2006), born in Comassie, Gold Coast
  • 1941 Dame Vivienne Westwood, Tintwistle England, English fashion designer
  • 1942 Eduard Visser, Dutch writer (Fyffes are now called Chiquita)
  • 1943 Michael Bennett, aids victim/choreographer (Chorus Line)
  • 1943 Tony Banks, English politician (Labour)
  • 1943 William Garth Morrison, Chief scout
  • 1943 James Herbert, horror writer (The Rats), born in London, England (d. 2013)
  • 1944 Anthony Farrar Hockley, military historian
  • 1944 Christoph Hein, writer
  • 1944 Santiago Jimenez Jr, US accordionist (El Mero Mero, Viva Seguin)
  • 1944 Odd Nerdrum, Norwegian painter
  • 1945 Derrick Walker, British racing team owner
  • 1947 Hsiao-hsien Hou, dir (Cheerful Wind, City of Sadness, Puppetmaster)
  • 1947 Tom DeLay, Laredo, Texas, American politician (Rep-R-Texas, 1985-2006)
  • 1947 Robert Kiyosaki, American investor

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1948 Robert A. Litchfield, American bank robber who was on the FBI most wanted list in the 1980s

  • 1948 Michael Leshner, Canadian lawyer and gay rights advocate
  • 1954 G.V. Loganathan, American professor (d. 2007)
  • 1955 John Campbell, harness racer (3-time winner of Hambletonian)
  • 1955 Barbara Kingsolver, American novelist
  • 1955 David Wu, Taiwanese-born American politician
  • 1963 Erica Terwillegar, Nelsonville NJ, lugist
  • 1963 Seth Tobias, American financial commentator (d. 2007)
  • 1974 Holger Hott Johansen, Norwegian orienteerist
  • 1974 Nnedi Okorafor-Mbachu, Nigerian American writer
  • 1974 Chris Kyle, Odessa, Texas, Navy SEAL sniper (160 kills), (d. 2013)
  • 1977 Mehran Ghassemi, Iranian journalist (d. 2008)
  • 1977 Mark Spencer, American computer programmer

Weddings in History

  • 1716 Duke Karel Leopold of Mecklenburg-Schwerin signs covenant with Russia & marries Tsar Peter the Great's niece

HeartWedding of Interest

1779 US Defector General Benedict Arnold (38) weds Peggy Shippen (18) at Shippen's townhouse in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

US Defector General Benedict Arnold
US Defector General
Benedict Arnold

HeartWedding of Interest

1907 Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser (24) weds Bess Fosburgh in Boston, Massachusetts

Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser
Industrialist
Henry J. Kaiser
  • 2017 Trump's personal aide Omarosa Manigault (43) weds pastor John Allen Newman at the Trump International Hotel in Washington D.C.

Divorces in History

  • 2005 Prince Joachim of Denmark (35) divorces Countess of Frederiksborg Alexandra (40) after 9 years of marriage

Deaths in History


MurderMurder of Interest

217 Caracalla, Roman emperor (198-217), murdered at 29

Roman Emperor Caracalla
Roman Emperor
Caracalla
  • 956 Gilbert of Chalon, Duke of Burgundy
  • 1143 John II Comnenus, Emperor of Byzantium (1118-43), dies in an accident
  • 1364 John II, the Good, King of France (1350-64), dies at 44
  • 1461 Georg Purbach, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1423)
  • 1537 Willem Aerts, Flemish architect, dies
  • 1586 Martin Chemnitz, Lutheran reformer and theologian (b. 1522)
  • 1587 John Foxe, English writer (b. 1516)
  • 1629 Willem Teellinck, Dutch theologist/vicar, dies at 50
  • 1697 Niels Juel, Danish admiral (b. 1629)
  • 1704 Hiob Ludolf, German orientalist (b. 1624)
  • 1704 Henry Sydney, 1st Earl of Romney, English statesman (b. 1641)
  • 1725 John Wise, English clergyman (b. 1652)
  • 1735 Francis II Rákóczi, leader of the Hungarian uprising against the Habsburg (b. March 27, 1676)
  • 1778 Pieter Teyler van der Hulst, Dutch founder (Teyler Museum), dies at 76
  • 1794 Marie-Jean-Antoine-Nicholas-Caritat, mathematician dies
  • 1853 Jan W Pieneman, historical painter (Battle at Waterloo), dies at 73
  • 1857 Mangal Pandey, Indian soldier (b. 1827)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1861 Elisha Otis, American founder of the Otis Elevator Company and inventor of a safety device that prevents elevators from falling if the hoisting cable fails, dies of diphtheria at 50

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • 1890 Junius Morgan, philanthropist, dies at 76
  • 1894 Bankim C Chattopadhyaya, writer (Mrinalini, Anandamath), dies at 55
  • 1897 Heinrich von Stephan, UK politician, dies
  • 1902 Sipyagain, Russian min of interior/headed Secret Service, assassinated
  • 1906 Auguste D, First recorded Alzheimer's victim (b. 1950)
  • 1919 Loránd Eötvös, Hungarian physicist, dies at 70 (b. 1848)
  • 1931 Eric Axel Karlfeldt, poet, dies
  • 1935 Edwin Cannan, economist, dies
  • 1936 Robert Bárány, Austrian physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1876)
  • 1942 Alfred Mombert, writer, dies
  • 1943 Paul Colin, Belgian journalist/collaborator, executed
  • 1948 Josef B Kjellgren, Swedish writer (Guldkedjan), dies at 40
  • 1950 Albert Ehrenstein, Austria writer (Strum), dies at 63
  • 1958 Ethel Turner, Australian author (b. 1872)
  • 1959 Gustave Charlier, Belgian literature historian, dies
  • 1965 Erik A Blomberg, Swedish art historian/poet/author, dies at 70
  • 1966 George Creten, Belgian sculptor/painter, dies at 79
  • 1969 Denton Cooley, heart transplant patient, recieved 1st fully artificial heart, dies at 48
  • 1970 Marie V Felix, Prince of Luxemburg, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1973 Pablo Picasso, Spanish painter (The Young Ladies of Avignon, Guernica), dies at 91

Painter Pablo Picasso
Painter
Pablo Picasso
  • 1974 James Charles McGuigan, Catholic archbishop of Toronto (b. 1894)
  • 1981 Omar Bradley, last US 5-star general, (Normandy) dies in NY at 88
  • 1984 Pyotr Kapitsa, Russian physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1894)
  • 1987 Francis C Denebrink, US Naval officer (WW I, WW II, Korea) dies at 90
  • 1990 Jose De Vega, dies of AIDS at 56
  • 1990 Ryan White, hemophiliac AIDS sufferer, dies at 18
  • 1992 Daniel Bovet, Swiss-born pharmacologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1907)
  • 1993 Arleen Whelan, dies of stroke at 78
  • 1993 H Earnest, bishop of Breda, dies
  • 1994 Irene Eisinger, singer, dies at 91
  • 1994 Walter Arnold, Germ theologist (World council of Churches), dies at 64
  • 1996 Basil Hembry, farmer/campaigner, dies at 80
  • 2005 Onna White, Canadian choreographer (b. 1924)
  • 2006 Gerard Reve, Dutch writer (b. 1923)
  • 2007 Carey W. Barber, a member of Governing Body of Jehovah's Witnesses (b. 1905)
  • 2007 Sol LeWitt, American artist (b. 1928)
  • 2008 Timothy Beaumont, Baron Beaumont of Whitley (b. 1928)
  • 2008 John Button, Australian politician (b. 1933)
  • 2010 Jack Agnew, American World War II veteran (b. 1922)
  • 2011 Hedda Sterne, Romanian born American artist, dies at 100
  • 2012 Jack Tramiel, Polish-American businessman, dies at 83

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2013 Margaret Thatcher, British Prime Minister (1979 - 1990) dies aged 87

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher
  • 2017 Brian Matthew, British disc jockey (Saturday Club), dies at 88