On This Day in History for April 9

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 107


Event of interestEvent of Interest

193 Septimius Severus is proclaimed Roman Emperor by the army in Illyricum (in the Balkans).

Roman Emperor Septimius Severus
Roman Emperor
Septimius Severus
  • 475 Byzantine Emperor Basiliscus issues a circular letter (Enkyklikon) to the bishops of his empire, supporting the Monophysite christological position.
  • 715 Constantine ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1241 Battle of Liegnitz - Mongol armies defeat Poles & Germans
  • 1388 Battle of Näfels; Glarius Swiss defeat Habsburg (Austrian) army
  • 1413 Henry V is crowned King of England.
  • 1440 Christopher of Bavaria is appointed King of Denmark.
  • 1454 Milan and Venice sign peace of Lodi
  • 1474 Breisach land guardian Peter von Hagenbach throws out Walloon/Italians
  • 1483 Edward V (aged 12) succeeds his father Edward IV as king of England. He is never crowned, and disappears presumed murdered, after incarceration in the Tower of London with his younger brother Richard (the "Princes in the Tower")
  • 1538 Danish king Christian III enters Schmalkaldische Union
  • 1555 Marcello Cervini elected Pope Marcellus II
  • 1609 Spain & Netherlands sign 12 Year Resistant Pact
  • 1621 Spain & Netherlands 12 Year Resistant Pact ends
  • 1667 1st public art exhibition at the Palais-Royale in Paris
  • 1682 Robert La Salle claims lower Mississippi (Louisiana) for France
  • 1691 French troops occupy Mons
  • 1731 British mariner Robert Jenkins' ear cut off by Spanish Guarde Costa in the Caribbean, later catalyst for war between Britain & Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1768 John Hancock refuses to allow two British customs agents to go below deck of his ship, considered by some to be the first act of physical resistance to British authority in the colonies

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock
  • 1783 Tippu Sahib drives out British from Bednore, India
  • 1808 Mayor Wolters offers French King Louis Napoleon townhall as a palace
  • 1814 Elias Canneman (L) resigns as minister of Finance of the Netherlands
  • 1816 African Methodist Episcopal Church organizes (Philadelphia)
  • 1829 Danzig (Gdansk) dike break flood kills 1,200
  • 1833 1st tax-supported public library (Peterborough, NH)
  • 1838 UK National Gallery re-opens in its new dedicated building in Trafalgar Square, London
  • 1864 Battle of Pleasant Hill LA, 2870 casualities
  • 1864 Union surgeon Mary Edwards Walker is captured by Confederate troops and arrested as a spy during US Civil War

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1865 Confederate General Robert E Lee and 26,765 troops surrender at Appomattox Court House to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S Grant (US Civil War)

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1866 Civil Rights Bill passes over President Andrew Johnson's veto

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1869 Hudson Bay Company cedes its territory to Canada
  • 1870 American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves
  • 1872 Samuel R Percy patents dried milk
  • 1898 James Ronald Chalmers, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 67
  • 1909 The US Congress pass the Payne-Aldrich bill, raising certain tariffs on goods entering the United States
  • 1914 "World, the Flesh & the Devil", 1st color film, shown in London
  • 1914 Tampico incident - US ship crew arrested in Mexico
  • 1914 US President W Wilson refuses to recognize Huerta as President of Mexico on the ground that he has not been elected by the people
  • 1916 The Libau sets sail from Germany with a cargo of 20,000 rifles to assist Irish republicans; Captain Karl Spindler changes the name of the vessel to the Aud to avoid British detection
  • 1917 Battle of Arras begins
  • 1917 Vimy Ridge France stormed by Canadian troops
  • 1918 Latvia proclaims independence
  • 1923 Sean O'Casey's "Shadow of a Gunman" premieres in Dublin
  • 1923 In 'Adkins vs Children's Hospital', the US Supreme Court finds that the minimum wage law for women and children, adopted by the District of Columbia, is unconstitutional
  • 1927 Italy & US anarchists Sacco & Vanzetti given death sentences
  • 1928 Eugene O'Neill's "Lazarus Laughed" premieres in Pasadena
  • 1928 Turkey passes separation of church & state
  • 1940 German cruiser Blucher torpedoed and capsizes in Oslofjord, 1,000 die
  • 1940 Germany invades Norway & Denmark during WW II (Denmark surrenders)
  • 1942 Battle of Bataan; US-Filipino forces overwhelmed by Japanese at Bataan
  • 1944 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Orientals Ecclesiae

  • 1945 Battleship Admiral Scheer sunk by RAF bombing in Kiel
  • 1945 Liberty ship at Bari Italy carrying aerial bombs explodes, kills 360
  • 1945 World War II: The Battle of Königsberg, East Prussia, ends.
  • 1947 Atomic Energy Commission confirmed
  • 1947 Tornadoes striking West Texas & Oklahoma kill 169, injuring 1,300
  • 1948 Massacre at Deir Yassin.
  • 1949 UN Intl Court of Justice held Albania responsible for incidents in Corfu Channel & awards Britain damages
  • 1950 4th Tony Awards: Cocktail Party & South Pacific win

Appears on tv showTV Show Appearance

1950 Bob Hope's 1st TV appearance

Entertainer Bob Hope
Entertainer
Bob Hope
  • 1952 Hugo Ballivian's government is overthrown by the Bolivian National Revolution, starting a period of agrarian reform, universal suffrage and the nationalisation of tin mines
  • 1953 "TV Guide" publishes 1st issue
  • 1955 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1959 NASA names 1st 7 astronauts for Project Mercury
  • 1960 South African Prime Minister Hendrik Verwoerd survives an assassination attempt by David Pratt despite being twice shot in the face
  • 1962 JFK throws out 1st ball at Washington's new DC Stadium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Winston Churchill becomes 1st honorary US citizen

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1967 1st Boeing 737 rolls out
  • 1967 The first Boeing 737 (a 100 series) makes its maiden flight.
  • 1968 German DR adopts constitution

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Martin Luther King Jr., buried in Atlanta

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1968 Ralph Aberbathy elected to head So Christian Leadership Conference
  • 1969 1st flight of Concorde 002 (Filton-Bristol)
  • 1971 Ringo releases "It Don't Come Easy" in UK
  • 1972 USSR & Iraq sign friendship treaty
  • 1973 Netherlands recognizes North Vietnam
  • 1973 Otto Kerner, former governor of Illinois, convicted for his role in an illegal racetrack scheme
  • 1975 24 OECD members sign an agreement to establish a $25 billion lending facility to provide assistance to industrial nations hurt by high oil prices
  • 1976 US & Russia agreed on size of nuclear tests for peaceful use
  • 1977 Communist party in Spain allowed legally after 40 years
  • 1980 Belgium's Marten's government resigns
  • 1980 Soyuz 35 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6
  • 1981 US sub George Washington rams Japanese freighter Nisso Maru
  • 1981 Irish hunger striker Bobby Sands wins a by-election to be elected as a Member of Parliament at Westminster; the law is later changed to prevent prisoners standing in elections
  • 1983 6th Space Shuttle Mission-Challenger 1 returns to Earth
  • 1986 "Dallas" announces it will revive killed Bobby Ewing character
  • 1988 US imposes economic sanctions on Panama
  • 1989 Washington, D.C. march supporting 1973 Roe vs Wade decision (allow abortions)
  • 1990 Don Mattingly signs a $19.7 million 5-year contract with Yankees
  • 1991 Georgia SSR votes to secede from USSR

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1992 John Major elected Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after his Conservative Party wins the most votes in British electoral history

British Prime Minister John Major
British Prime Minister
John Major

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1992 US Fed court finds Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega guilty of 8 out of 10 drug and racketeering charges

Panamanian General and Dictator Manuel Noriega
Panamanian General and Dictator
Manuel Noriega
  • 1992 William O Studeman, becomes deputy director of CIA
  • 1994 BPAA US Open by Justin Hromek
  • 1994 STS-59 (Endeavour) launches into orbit
  • 1999 Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, President of Niger, is assassinated.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

2002 Funeral of Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother at Westminster Abbey UK. More than a million people line the streets

Consort of George VI Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
Consort of George VI
Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother
  • 2003 Baghdad falls to U.S. forces ending the invasion of Iraqi but resulting in widespread looting
  • 2011 A gunman murdered five people, injured eleven, and committed suicide in a mall in the Netherlands.
  • 2013 12 civilians and UN peacekeepers are killed in an ambush in Jonglei, Sudan

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1336 Tamerlane (Timur), Turkic conqueror and founder of the Timurid Dynasty, born in Shahrisabz, Uzbekistan (d. 1405)

Turkic Conqueror Tamerlane
Turkic Conqueror
Tamerlane
  • 1498 John, Cardinal of Lorraine, French churchman (d. 1550)
  • 1597 John Davenport, Connecticut pioneer (d. 1670)
  • 1634 Albertine Agnes, princess of Orange-Nassau
  • 1648 Henri de Massue, Marquis de Ruvigny, 1st Viscount Galway, French soldier and diplomat (d. 1720)
  • 1649 James Scott, duke of Monmouth, bastard son of English king Charles II
  • 1680 Philippe Néricault Destouches, French dramatist (d. 1754)
  • 1686 James Craggs the Younger, British politician (d. 1721)
  • 1691 Johann Matthias Gesner, German classical scholar (d. 1761)
  • 1751 Emanuel Schikaneder, [Johann Schickeneder], German playwright [or 9/1]
  • 1754 Pieter Paulus, Dutch lawyer/CEO (National Convention)
  • 1770 Thomas Johann Seebeck, German physicist (d. 1831)
  • 1773 Étienne Aignan, French writer (d. 1824
  • 1785 Sibrand Acker Stratingh, Dutch physician/chemist (electric car 1835)
  • 1791 George Peacock, Denton County Durham, English Mathematician (algebraic theory)
  • 1794 Theobald Boehm, German inventor of the modern flute (d. 1881)
  • 1806 Isambard Kingdom Brunel, designer of 1st transatlantic steamer
  • 1812 Randolph Barnes Marcy, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Greenwich, Massachusetts (d. 1887)
  • 1821 Charles-Pierre Baudelaire, French symbolist poet (Flowers of Evil)
  • 1826 Thomas Hewson Neill, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1885)
  • 1830 Eadweard Muybridge, England, pioneered study of motion, photography
  • 1835 Leopold II, King of Belgians (1865-1909)
  • 1848 Helena Lange, German feminist
  • 1851 C E Arthur Wichmann, German/Dutch geologist (Neth Indies)
  • 1855 Gyula Reviczky, Hungarian author/poet
  • 1861 Charles Holroyd, painter/etcher
  • 1864 Sebastian Ziani de Ferranti, English electrical Engineer and Inventor, born in Liverpool, England
  • 1865 Charles Proteus Steinmetz, German experiment with AC electricity
  • 1865 Erich Ludendorff, general (Germany)
  • 1867 Chris Watson, third Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1941)
  • 1872 Leon Blum, French premier (People's front government)
  • 1879 Gerald Festus Kelly, artist
  • 1882 Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, (d. 1946)
  • 1888 Sol Hurok, theatrical impresario
  • 1895 Michel Simon, [Francois], Geneva Switzerland
  • 1899 James Smith McDonnell, American aviator and engineer, born in Denver, Colorado
  • 1903 Gregory Pincus, inventor (birth control pill) [or Nov 9]
  • 1903 Willem Pee, Belgian linguist
  • 1905 J William Fulbright, (Sen-D-Ark)
  • 1906 Todd Naylor "Hugh" Gaitskell, MP (Labour)
  • 1908 Victor Vasarely, Hungarian/French painter/author (Op Art)
  • 1909 Domenico Enrici, Apostolic Nuncio
  • 1910 Abraham A Ribicoff, (Sen-D-Ct)
  • 1911 Lord Deramore, architect
  • 1912 Lew Kopelew, Russian author (d. 1997)
  • 1914 Richard Young, CEO (Boosey & Hawkes)
  • 1915 Daniel Johnson, Sr., Quebec politician (d. 1968)
  • 1917 Johannes Bobrowski, writer
  • 1919 John Presper Eckert, co-inventor (1st electronic computer-ENIAC)
  • 1920 David Walker, Professor of Law (Glasgow University)
  • 1921 Yitzhak Navon, President of Israel (1978-83), born in Jerusalem, British Mandate of Palestine,(d. 2015)
  • 1922 Carl Amery [Christian Anton Mayer], German writer, born in Munich (d. 2005)
  • 1922 Gerald Moverley, Roman Catholic bishop (Hallam)
  • 1922 Michael Palliser, head of British diplomatic service
  • 1925 Michael Richardson, vice CEO (N M Rotschild)
  • 1925 Tom Jackson, British union leader (Post Office)
  • 1926 Graham Hills, principal (Strathclyde University, England)
  • 1926 Harris Wofford, (Sen-R-Pennsylvania)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1926 Hugh Hefner, American magazine publisher and businessman (Playboy), born in Chicago, Illinois

Playboy Founder & Businessman Hugh Hefner
Playboy Founder & Businessman
Hugh Hefner
  • 1926 Lord Fitt, MP (Belfast Ireland)
  • 1926 Michael Ogden, British barrister (Ogden Tables), born in London (d. 2003)
  • 1928 Brian Cubbon, British senior civil servant
  • 1928 Floyd D Spence, (Rep-R-SC, 1971- )
  • 1930 F. Albert Cotton, American chemist (d. 2007)
  • 1930 Nathaniel Branden, Canadian psychotherapist
  • 1931 Martin Rogers, director (Farmington Institute for Christian Studies)
  • 1931 Richard Hatfield, Canadian politician (d. 1991)
  • 1932 Jim Fowler, naturalist (Wild Kingdom), born in Albany, Georgia
  • 1932 Paul Krassner, comic strip cartoonist (MAD Magazine)/founder (Yippies)
  • 1932 Peter Moores, director (Littlewoods)
  • 1932 Vladimir Aleksandrovich Degtyaryov, cosmonaut
  • 1932 Jim Fowler, American zoologist
  • 1933 Jacques Molicard, translator/navigator
  • 1933 Richard Rose, Professor of Public Policy (Strathclyde University)
  • 1934 Bill Birch, New Zealand politician
  • 1936 Michael Somare, British foreign affairs minister (Paupa & New Guinea)
  • 1937 Barrington J[ohn] Bayley, UK, sci-fi author (Collision Course)
  • 1938 Viktor Chernomyrdin, Russian politician
  • 1940 Vasily Dmiotriyevich Shcheglov, Russian cosmonaut
  • 1942 Earl F Hillard, (Rep-D-Alabama)
  • 1946 Philip Wright, rocker (Paper Lace)
  • 1950 Kenneth D Cockrell, Astronaut (STS 56, 69, 80), born in Austin, Texas
  • 1954 Iain Duncan Smith, British politician
  • 1955 Joolz Denby, English poet and novelist
  • 1955 Kate Heyhoe, American food writer
  • 1957 Martin Margiela, Belgian fashion designer, born in Genk, Belgium
  • 1963 Marc Jacobs, American fashion designer (Marc Jacobs, Louis Vuitton), born in NYC, New York
  • 1965 Jeff Zucker, American television executive
  • 1965 Jay Wesley Neill, American convicted murderer (d. 2002)
  • 1967 Alex Kahn, American artist
  • 1970 Mike Barz, American meteorologist and TV anchor
  • 1973 Spencer "Spenny" Rice, Canadian Entertainer, born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1974 Alexander Pichushkin, Russian serial killer
  • 1981 Eric Harris, Columbine High School shooter (d. 1999)
  • 1990 Marston Glenn Hefner, son of Hugh Hefner & Kimberley Conrad

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1912 Detective writer Erle Stanley Gardner (22) weds Natalie Talbert

Detective Writer Erle Stanley Gardner
Detective Writer
Erle Stanley Gardner

HeartWedding of Interest

1913 US Admiral Chester Nimitz (28) weds Catherine Freeman (21) in Wollaston, Massachusetts

US Admiral Chester Nimitz
US Admiral
Chester Nimitz

HeartWedding of Interest

1953 Biologist Alexander Fleming (71) weds doctor Amalia Koutsouri-Vourekas (41)

HeartWedding of Interest

1964 Serial killer John Wayne Gacy (22) weds co-worker Marlynn Myers

Serial Killer John Wayne Gacy
Serial Killer
John Wayne Gacy

HeartWedding of Interest

2005 His Royal Highness Charles, Prince of Wales marries Camilla Parker Bowles

His Royal Highness Prince Charles
His Royal Highness
Prince Charles
Duchess of Cornwall Camilla Parker Bowles
Duchess of Cornwall
Camilla Parker Bowles

Deaths in History

  • 93 Yuan An, Minister over the Masses of the Han dynasty
  • 491 Zeno, Eastern Roman Emperor (474-75, 476-91), dies at 66
  • 715 Constantine I, Greek/Syrian Pope (708-15), dies
  • 1024 Benedict VIII, [Theophylactus van Tusculum], Pope (1012-24), dies
  • 1137 William X, Duke of Aquitaine (b. 1099)
  • 1483 Edward IV, King of England (1461-70, 71-83), dies of unknown causes at 40
  • 1484 Edward of Middleham, Prince of Wales (b. 1473), son of Richard III King of England
  • 1492 Lorenzo de' Medici (the Magnificent), leading Florentine statesman and patron of the arts during Florentine Renaissance, dies at 43
  • 1553 Francois Rabelais, French author (Gargantua, Pantagruel), dies at 49
  • 1557 Michael Agricola, Finnish theologist/church reformer/bishop, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1626 Francis Bacon, English statesman and philosopher, dies from pneumonia at 65

Statesman/Philosopher Francis Bacon
Statesman/Philosopher
Francis Bacon
  • 1654 Matei Basarab, Prince of Wallachia (b. 1588)
  • 1693 Roger de Rabutin, Comte de Bussy, French writer (b. 1618)
  • 1747 Simon Fraser, 12th baron Lovat Jacobite, last man beheaded in England
  • 1754 Christian von Wolff, German philosopher, dies at 75
  • 1761 William Law, British minister and theologian (b. 1686)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1765 Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel, princess of Orange-Nassau, dies at 77

Princess of Orange Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel
Princess of Orange
Maria Louise van Hessen-Kassel

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1804 Jacques Necker, French finance minister of Louis XVI whose decisions contributed to the outbreak of the French Revolution, dies at 71

Finance Minister Jacques Necker
Finance Minister
Jacques Necker
  • 1806 William V of Orange, Stadtholder of the Dutch Republic dies at 58
  • 1807 John Opie, English painter (The Murder of Rizzio), dies at 46
  • 1850 William Prout, physician/chemist, dies
  • 1862 George W Johnson, US planter/Confederate (gov-Ky), dies at about 50
  • 1865 Thomas Alfred Smyth, Irish/US Union general-major, dies at 32
  • 1872 Erastus Corning, American businessman and politician (b. 1794)
  • 1876 Charles Goodyear, American politician (D-NY), dies at 71
  • 1882 Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English Pre-Raphaelite poet and painter, dies at 53
  • 1886 Joseph V von Scheffel, German writer (Ekkehard), dies at 60
  • 1889 Michel Eugène Chevreul, French chemist (b. 1786)
  • 1904 Isabella II, Queen of Spain (1833-68), dies at 73
  • 1909 Charles Conder, artist, dies
  • 1917 Edward Thomas, poet, killed in WW I
  • 1917 James Hope Moulton, British scholar of Classical Greek (b. 1863)
  • 1926 Zip the Pinhead, American freak show performer famous for his tapered head, dies at about 83
  • 1936 Ferdinand Tönnies, German sociologist and philosopher, dies at 80
  • 1944 Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (b. 1920)
  • 1945 Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologist/antifascist, hanged
  • 1945 Hans Oster, German major-general/spy, "July 20th plot", hanged
  • 1945 Hans von Dohnanyi, "July 20th plotter", hanged
  • 1945 Wilhelm Canaris, Admiral/headed Germany Abwehr, hanged
  • 1945 Georg Elser, failed assassin of Hitler (b. 1903)
  • 1948 George Carpenter, Australian Salvation Army general (b. 1872)
  • 1948 Jorge Eliécer Gaitán, Colombian politician (b. 1903)
  • 1951 Sadiq Hidajat, Persian writer (Hadji Aga), dies at 48
  • 1951 Vilhelm F K Bjerknes, Norwegian/US physicist/meteorology, dies at 89

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1959 Frank Lloyd Wright, US architect (Guggenheim Museum NY), dies at 89

  • 1961 Zog I [Ahmed Zogu], King of Albania (1928-39), dies at 65
  • 1962 Juan Belmonte, famed bullfighter, dies at 70
  • 1966 Sutan Sjahrir, premier of Indonesia (1945-47), dies at 57
  • 1970 Gustaf Tenggren, Swedish illustrator (b. 1896)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1972 James F. Byrnes, American politician and statesman influential in domestic and foreign policy in the mid-1940s, dies at 89

Politician and US Secretary of State James F. Byrnes
Politician and US Secretary of State
James F. Byrnes
  • 1978 Clough Williams-Ellis, Welsh architect (b.1883)
  • 1979 Staats Cotsworth, dies at 71
  • 1982 Robert H G Havemann, German chemist/dissident, dies
  • 1984 Basil Henry Blackwell, British publisher, dies
  • 1986 Jean Mogin, Belgian poet, dies at 64
  • 1992 Gale McGee, senator (Wyoming, 1959-77), dies at 77
  • 1994 Cor van Dis jr. [Cornelis Nicolas van Dis jr.], Dutch politician (1971-94), dies at 71
  • 1994 Keith Watson, British comic strip artist (Dan Dare), dies at 59
  • 1994 Raouf Khayrat, Egyptian general-major, murdered
  • 1995 James Bullock, colliery manager, dies at 92
  • 1996 James William Rouse, US builder (shopping malls), dies at 81
  • 1996 Maisie Fitter, editor/conservationist, dies at 83
  • 1996 Richard Thomas Condon, author, dies at 81
  • 1996 Sandy Becker, NYC Kiddie TV Show host (Sandy Becker Show), dies at 74
  • 1997 Helene Hanff, author (84 Charing Cross Road), dies at 80
  • 1999 Ibrahim Baré Maïnassara, Niger politician and general (b. 1949)
  • 2002 Leopold Vietoris, Austrian mathematician (b. 1891)
  • 2005 Andrea Dworkin, American radical feminist, dies at 58
  • 2007 Egon Bondy, Czech philosopher and writer (b. 1930)
  • 2013 David Hayes, American sculptor, dies from leukemia at 82