On This Day in History for August 10

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 148

  • 612 BC Killing of Sinsharishkun, King of Assyrian Empire. Destruction of Nineveh.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

70 Second Temple in Jerusalem set on fire by Roman army under Titus during the capture of the city (approx)

Roman Emperor Titus
Roman Emperor
Titus
  • 610 In Islam, the traditional date of the Laylat al-Qadr, when Muhammad began to receive the Qur'an
  • 654 Pope Eugene I elected to succeed Martinus I
  • 843 Treaty of Verdun: Brothers Lotharius I, Louis the German & Charles the Bald divide France
  • 955 Battle of Lechfeld: Otto I, King of the Germans defeats the Hungarian, ending 50 years of Magyar invasion of Western Europe.
  • 991 Battle of Maldon: English, led by Bryhtnoth, confront a band of inland-raiding Vikings near Maldon in Essex. The English are defeated and the story is immortalised in a well-known poem.
  • 1304 -11] Battle at Zierik Sea: Dutch & French fleet beat Flemish fleet
  • 1316 Second Battle of Athenry, Anglo-Norman victory over Gaelic clan alliance
  • 1461 Alfonso ed Espina, bishop of Osma urges for an Inquisition in Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1497 John Cabot tells King Henry VII of his trip to "Asia"

Explorer John Cabot
Explorer
John Cabot
  • 1500 Portuguese sea captain Diego Diaz is first European to sight Madagascar
  • 1511 Portuguese troops occupy parts of Malacca
  • 1512 Battle of Saint-Mathieu (also called the Battle of Brest): an English fleet of 25 ships commanded by Sir Edward Howard and a Franco-Breton fleet of 22 ships commanded by René de Clermont.
  • 1557 Battle of St Quentin in Picardy: Lamoraal, Count of Egmont and Philibert, Duke of Savoy (Spanish Empire) beat the Duke of Montmorency (France)
  • 1566 Protestant Iconoclasm "Beeldenstorm" begins in European Low Countries

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1585 English Queen Elizabeth I signs Treaty of Nonsuch: Aid for Netherlands

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1622 John Mason and Ferdinando Gorges receive a land patent of the Province of Maine.
  • 1627 Cardinal Richelieu begins siege of La Rochelle

CommunicationThe Sinking of the Vasa

1628 Swedish warship Vasa sinks in Stockholm, killing 30

  • 1653 The Battle of Scheveningen, English fleet beats Dutch
  • 1664 Austria and the Ottoman Empire sign the Peace of Vásvár

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1675 King Charles II and John Flamsteed lay the foundation stone of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, London

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1675 Portuguese-Jewish synagogue opens in Amsterdam
  • 1678 Netherlands & France sign peace treaty in Nijmegen
  • 1680 In New Mexico, Popé leads rebellion of Pueblo Indians against Spaniards
  • 1743 Earliest recorded prize fighting rules formulated
  • 1759 Carlos III becomes king of Spain
  • 1774 1st Surinam newspaper (1st Wednesday Suriname) begins publishing

AgreementUnited States Declaration of Independence

1776 American Revolutionary War: word of the United States Declaration of Independence reaches London.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1792 A large scale insurrection against the French monarchy occurs in Paris

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI
  • 1793 Louvre palace officially opens in Paris as The Museum Central des Arts
  • 1809 Ecuador declares independence from Spain (National Day)
  • 1821 Missouri admitted as 24th US state
  • 1822 Antioch Syria, hit by Earthquake; about 20,000 die
  • 1827 Race riots in Cincinnati (1,000 blacks leave for Canada)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1831 Former slave Nat Turner leads uprising against slavery

Rebel Slave Nat Turner
Rebel Slave
Nat Turner
  • 1831 Hurricane hits Barbados; about 1,500 die
  • 1833 Chicago incorporates as a village of about 200
  • 1835 Mob of whites & oxen pulled black school to a swamp out of Canaan NH
  • 1846 US Act of Congress passes establishing the Smithsonian Institution, now world's largest museum and research complex
  • 1856 Hurricane washes away 2-300 revelers at Last Island, Louisiana
  • 1861 Battle of Wilson's Creek [Battle of Oak Hills], fought near near Springfield, Missouri, General Lyon killed, Confederate victory (US Civil War)
  • 1862 Battle of Nueces River TX
  • 1869 O B Brown patents moving picture projector
  • 1876 1st phone call between Brantford & Paris, Canada
  • 1877 Big Hole River: Col John Gibbon murders Nez-Perce indians
  • 1885 Leo Daft opens America's 1st commercially operated electric streetcar in Baltimore
  • 1887 Excursion train crashes killing 101. (Chatsworth, Illinois)
  • 1889 Dan Rylands patents screw cap
  • 1893 Chinese deported from San Francisco under Exclusion Act

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1893 Rudolf Diesel's prime model internal combustion engine, a single 10-foot iron cylinder with a flywheel at its base, ran on its own power for the first time in Augsburg, Germany

Mechanical Engineer Rudolf Diesel
Mechanical Engineer
Rudolf Diesel
  • 1895 1st Queen's Hall Promenade Concerto (Wagner's "Rienzi")
  • 1897 Automobile Club of Great Britain established (now: Royal Automobile Club)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1904 Angelo G Roncalli (Pope John XXIII) becomes a priest

  • 1904 Dutch newspaper Volk fires gay journalist Jacob de Cock
  • 1904 Battle of the Yellow Sea: Japanese fleet prevented Russians breaking out of Port Arthur
  • 1904 Higlanders Jack Chesbro ends string of 30 consecutive complete games
  • 1906 Pope Pius X bans Associations cults
  • 1907 Prince Scipone Borchesi wins Beijing to Paris, 7,500 mile auto rally
  • 1909 Algemeene Netherland Toonkunstenars Ver (ANTV) begins
  • 1911 Parliament Act reduces power of UK's House of Lords
  • 1911 The UK House of Commons votes on a salary - of £400 annually - for its members
  • 1913 2nd Balkan War ends, Treaty of Bucharest, Bulgaria loses
  • 1914 At Liege, German 12"/16.5" guns reach Belgian boundary
  • 1914 German battle cruiser Goeben reaches Dardanellen/Turkey joins Germany
  • 1914 German troops reconquer Mulhouse in Elzas
  • 1914 WWI: French fall back at Alsace
  • 1916 Turks annex Persian city Hamadan from Russia
  • 1919 Ukrainian National Army massacres 25 Jews in Podolia Ukraine
  • 1920 Allies recognize Poland, Czechoslovakia & Romania
  • 1920 Treaty of Sèvres (Allies & Turkey)
  • 1920 Turkish government renounces its claim to Israel, recognizes British mandate

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 FDR stricken with polio at summer home on Canadian island of Campobello

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1925 Hurricane strikes Borculo, 4 die
  • 1926 Italian-Spanish peace treaty signed
  • 1929 Grover Alexander beats Phils 7-1 for his 373rd & last NL win
  • 1932 A 5.1-kg (11.2-pound) chondrite-type meteorite breaks into at least seven pieces and lands near the town of Archie in Cass County, Missouri.
  • 1936 114°F (46°C) at Plain Dealing, Louisiana (state record)
  • 1936 120°F (49°C) at Ozark, Arkansas (state record)
  • 1938 119°F (48°C), Pendleton, Oregon (state record)
  • 1939 2nd Dutch De Geer government forms (1st with Social Democrats)
  • 1940 Prince Bernhard Fund forms
  • 1941 FDR & Churchill's 2nd meeting at Placentia, Newfoundland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 General Bernard Montgomery appointed commander British 8th Army in North Africa

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • 1943 Dutch submarine attacks Hertenbeest Island, NW Bali

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 US General George Patton calls injured soldier "cowardly"

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Hitler watches lynching of allied pilots

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1944 Race riots in Athens, Alabama
  • 1944 Battle for Guam ends, US troops recapture Guam from the Japanese
  • 1944 US/French offensive at Alencon
  • 1945 Japan announces willingness to surrender to Allies provided status of Emperor Hirohito remained unchanged
  • 1949 US National Military Establishment renamed Depertment of Defense
  • 1954 Dutch Indonesian Union breaks up
  • 1954 At Massena, New York, the groundbreaking ceremony for the St. Lawrence Seaway is held.
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1960 Discoverer 13 launched into orbit; returned 1st object from space
  • 1960 Nicolaas Jouwe forms PANA in New Guinea
  • 1961 UK applies for membership of the European Common Market
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 101

  • 1267 King James II of Aragon (d. 1327)
  • 1296 John the Blind, King of Bohemia/Count of Luxembourg
  • 1360 Francesco Zabarella, Italian jurist (d. 1417)
  • 1397 Albert II of Germany, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1439)
  • 1489 Jacob Sturm von Sturmeck, German statesman and reformer (d. 1553)
  • 1520 Madeleine de Valois, wife of James V of Scotland (d. 1537)
  • 1602 Gilles de Roberval, French mathematician (d. 1675)
  • 1645 Eusebio Kino, Italian Catholic missionary (d. 1711)
  • 1652 Peterus I Scheemaeckers, Flemish sculptor (tomb stones)
  • 1654 Bernard Nieuwentyt, Dutch physician/theologist
  • 1657 Cornelis Chastelein, Dutch colonial director
  • 1708 John Stinstra, baptist vicar
  • 1737 Anton Losenko, Russian painter (d. 1773)
  • 1744 "Fanfan" Alexandrine-Jeanne d'Étiolles, daughter of the courtesan Madame de Pompadour, born in Paris, France (d. 1754)
  • 1782 Charles Napier, soldier, born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1782 Vicente Guerrero, Mexican revolutionary hero, general and 2nd President of Mexico (1829), born in Cuilapan, Oaxaca, Mexico (d. 1831)

Revolutionary General and President of Mexico Vicente Guerrero
Revolutionary General and President of Mexico
Vicente Guerrero
  • 1794 Leopold Zunz, German scientist (Synagogical Poetry)
  • 1801 Robert Woodward Barnwell, MC (Confederacy), (d. 1882)
  • 1810 Camilio Benso di Cavour, Turin Italy, PM
  • 1810 Cornelis Outshoorn, Dutch architect
  • 1814 John Clifford Pemberton, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1881)
  • 1814 William Lowndes Yancey, MC (Confederacy), (d. 1863)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1814 Henri Nestlé, German-Swiss industrialist (founder of Nestlé), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1890)

Founder of Nestlé Henri Nestlé
Founder of Nestlé
Henri Nestlé
  • 1821 Jay Cooke, American financier (d. 1905)
  • 1823 Charles Keene, Hornsey, artist
  • 1823 Charles Thomas Campbell, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in St. Thomas Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1895)
  • 1823 Hugh Stowell Brown, Manx preacher (d. 1886)
  • 1839 Aleksandr Grigorievich Stoletov, Russian physicist (d. 1896)
  • 1854 J Scott Lidgett, theologist, born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1856 Edward L. Doheny, American oil tycoon, born in Fond du lac, Wisconsin

Oil Tycoon Edward L. Doheny
Oil Tycoon
Edward L. Doheny
  • 1856 William Willett, British inventor of Daylight Saving Time, born in Farnham, Surrey, England
  • 1861 Almroth Wright, Yorkshire England, bacteriologist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1868 Hugo Eckener, German inventor and commander of the famous Graf Zeppelin during its record-setting flights, born in Flensburg, Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1954)

Inventor and Zeppelin Commander Hugo Eckener
Inventor and Zeppelin Commander
Hugo Eckener
  • 1869 Lawrence Binyon, poet (Symbolic Wounds), born in Vienna, Austria

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1874 Herbert Hoover, 31st US President (R: 1929-1933), born in West Branch, Iowa (d. 1964)

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1877 Rudolf Hilferding, German economist/SPD-minister of Finance
  • 1877 Frank Marshall, American chess player (d. 1944)
  • 1878 Alfred Döblin, German writer (d. 1957)
  • 1880 Robert L. Thornton, American businessman, philanthropist, and Mayor of Dallas, Texas (d. 1964)
  • 1881 Albrecht M Sprenger, landbuilder
  • 1884 Panait Istrati, Romanian writer (d. 1935)
  • 1886 Hilda Doolittle, poet/prominent member of imagist movement
  • 1889 Charles Darrow, Inventor (d. 1967)
  • 1890 Angus L. MacDonald, Canadian politician (d. 1954)
  • 1893 Viscount Dunrossil, Scotland, Gov Gen of Australia (1959-61)
  • 1893 Voranc Prezikov, [Lovro Kuhar], Slovenian author (Samorastniki)
  • 1894 Varahagiri Venkata Giri, Fourth President of India (d. 1980)
  • 1895 Mikhail Zoshchenko, Russian author and satirist, born in Saint Petersburg (d. 1958)
  • 1897 Piet[er O] Bakker, Dutch novelist (Ciske the Rat)
  • 1897 John Galbreath, American businessman (d. 1988)
  • 1902 Curt Siodmak, German-born author (d. 2000)
  • 1902 Arne Tiselius, Swedish chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1971)
  • 1905 Bernard Benjamin Gillis, British judge
  • 1905 Richard F Kahn, baron of Hampstead/British economist
  • 1909 Frank Bowden, industrialist/landowner
  • 1909 George W Crockett Jr, (Rep-D-MI, 1980- )
  • 1909 Julio A Abraham, president (Democratic Party Bonaire)
  • 1909 Leo Fender, inventor (Fender guitars including the Stratocaster), born in Anaheim California (d. 1991)
  • 1909 Mohammed V ibn Yusuf, King of Morocco (1953, 1955-61)
  • 1910 Angus Campbell, American psychologist (Elections & Political Order)
  • 1911 A. N. Sherwin-White, English historian (d. 1993)
  • 1912 Izaak Samkalden, Dutch Minister of Justice (PvdA)/mayor of Amsterdam
  • 1912 Jorge Amado, Brazilian writer (O Pais do Carnaval)
  • 1913 Steven Nagy, bowler, 1st to bowl 300 on TV (1954)
  • 1918 Eugene Wilkinson, naval officer (first nuclear sub commander), born in Long Beach, California (d. 2013)
  • 1919 Elizabeth Thomas, literary consultant
  • 1919 Sacha Vierny, French cinematographer (d. 2001)
  • 1921 Leonard Lickorish, dir-gen (British Tourist Authority)
  • 1923 Gillian Brown, diplomat
  • 1925 Alastair Webster Mackie, poet/teacher
  • 1925 George Cooper, general
  • 1925 Lawrence Byford, HM Chief Inspector of Constabulary
  • 1926 Benjamin Ward, 1st African American NYC Police Commissioner (1984-89), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 2002)
  • 1930 Barry Unsworth, novelist (Pascali's Island), (d. 2012)
  • 1933 Alan Hardcastle, chairman (Lloyds Regulatory Board)
  • 1933 Butler-Sloss, British Lady Justice
  • 1933 David Rowland, chairman (Lloyd's)
  • 1933 Doyle Brunson, American poker player
  • 1933 Keith Duckworth, English mechanical engineer (Cosworth; d. 2005)
  • 1935 Jerrie Anthony Hulme, British major-general
  • 1936 Leendert-John Schalm, Dutch banker on Curacao
  • 1937 Anatoly Sobchak, Russian politician
  • 1939 Charles Rose, (Rep-D-North Carolina, 1973- )
  • 1940 Barbara Mills, QC, British Director of Public Prosecutions
  • 1940 Richard Wells, Chief Constable (South Yorkshire)
  • 1940 Sid Waddell, Darts Commentator for the PDC
  • 1942 Betsy Johnson, fashion designer (1971 Winnie Award)
  • 1945 Harry Thomas, Dutch founder (Schlager Festival Gay Party)
  • 1945 Larry Larden, rocker (Every Mother's Son)
  • 1945 Harriet Miers, White House counsel
  • 1950 A L Harris, clinicaloncologist
  • 1952 Nikolai Alekseyevich Pushenko, Russian lt-colonel/cosmonaut
  • 1952 Pepsi Nunes, marine biologist
  • 1953 Mark Doty, American poet and prose writer
  • 1959 Mark Price, bass/vocals (All About Eve, Tin Huey-Contents Dislodged)
  • 1960 Todd David Hess, First USAF Member inducted into Army's Order of Military Medical Merit.
  • 1963 Andrew Sullivan, English-born journalist
  • 1963 Phoolan Devi, Indian bandit and revolutionary (d. 2001)
  • 1971 Kevin Randleman, American mixed martial artist
  • 1972 Julann Vadnais, Miss Maine USA (1996)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1848 Inventor Samuel Morse (57) weds Sarah Elizabeth Griswold in Utica, New York

Inventor Samuel Morse
Inventor
Samuel Morse

HeartWedding of Interest

1912 British literary figure (author of "To the Lighthouse") Virginia Woolf (30) weds political theorist Leonard Woolf (31)

  • 1946 Author and founder of the Scientology cult L. Ron Hubbard (35) weds Sara Northrup Hollister

HeartWedding of Interest

1969 Economist Robert F. Engle (26) weds psychologist Marianne Eger

Economist Robert F. Engle
Economist
Robert F. Engle
  • 2003 Yuri Ivanovich Malenchenko becomes the first person to marry in space, marrying Ekaterina Dmitriev (on earth)
  • 2003 Fox News correspondent Geraldo Rivera (60) weds former Rivera Live producer Erica Levy (28) at Manhattan's Central Synagogue

Deaths in History

  • 612 BC Sinsharishkun, Assyrian king
  • 258 Saint Lawrence, Christian martyr, burned to death
  • 794 Fastrada, 3rd wife of French King Charles the Great, dies at 30
  • 955 Conrad the Red, Duke of Lotharingen, dies in battle
  • 1002 Al-Mansur, Arabic general strategist/regent of Cordoba, dies
  • 1250 Erik IV Plovpenning, king of Denmark, murdered
  • 1535 Ippolito de' Medici, ruler of Florence (poisoned) (b. 1509)
  • 1589 Maarten Schenck Nideggen, Dutch army leader, drowned at about 49
  • 1628 Hans Jonsson, Swedish fleet commander, drowned
  • 1637 Johann Gerhard, German Lutheran leader (b. 1582)
  • 1653 Maarten Harpertsz Tromp, [Bestevaer], lt-adm, dies in battle at 55
  • 1655 Louis de Vadder, Flemish painter, dies at 50
  • 1717 Nicolaas Witsen, etcher/mayor (Amsterdam), dies
  • 1723 Guillaume Dubois, French cardinal and statesman, dies at 66
  • 1759 Ferdinand VI, the wise, king of Spain, dies at 46
  • 1784 Allan Ramsay, Scottish painter and artist (b. 1713)
  • 1802 Aepinus, [Franz UT Hoch], German physician/physicist, dies at 77
  • 1839 John St Aubyn, British fossil collector (b. 1758)
  • 1842 Captain William Hobson, first British Governor of New Zealand and co-author of the Treaty of Waitangi, dies of a stroke at 49
  • 1843 Jakob F. Fries, German philosopher, dies at 69
  • 1857 John Wilson Croker, politician
  • 1859 George Staunton, writer
  • 1861 Nathaniel Lyon, American Brigadier-General (Union Army), 1st Union General to die in battle at 43
  • 1862 Shusaku Honinbo, Japanese Go player (b. 1829)
  • 1875 Karl (Theodor) Andree, German journalist (Globus), dies at 66
  • 1896 Otto Lilienthal, German aircraft pioneer, dies
  • 1904 Pierre M Waldeck-Rousseau, French foreign minister (Dreyfus), dies
  • 1905 Kinjikitile "Bokero" Ngwale, E African prophet/rebel leader, hanged
  • 1915 Henry Moseley, English physicist (b. 1887)
  • 1918 Erich Lowenhardt, Germany flying ace of World War I (b. 1897)
  • 1920 Ádám Politzer, Austrian physician (b. 1835)
  • 1921 John M Martin, last confederate congress member, dies
  • 1929 Aletta Henriette Jacobs, 1st Dutch female doctor and feminist, dies at 75
  • 1929 Pierre Fatou, French mathematician (b. 1878)
  • 1932 Rin Tin Tin, German shepherd dog (b. 1918)
  • 1934 John Kane, Scottish/US miner/painter, dies at 73
  • 1943 C Bergsma, Dutch resistance fighter (Waalsdorpervlakte), dies
  • 1943 J Janzen, Dutch resistance fighter (Waalsdorpervlakte), dies
  • 1943 J Posthuma, Dutch resistance fighter (Waalsdorpervlakte), dies
  • 1944 Berthold Schenk von Stauffenberg, attempt Hitler assassination, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1945 Robert H. Goddard, rocket pioneer (invented and built the first liquid-fueled rocket), dies of throat cancer at 62

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • 1948 E Ball-Hennings, writer, dies at 63
  • 1948 Kwan-Ichi Asakawa, Japanese historian(b. 1873)
  • 1948 Andrew Brown, Scottish football coach (b. 1870)
  • 1948 Montague Summers, English writer (b. 1880)
  • 1960 Emil Strauss, German writer (Vaterland), dies
  • 1960 Frank Lloyd, director (Berkeley Square, Blood on the Sun), dies at 72
  • 1960 Oswald Veblin, mathematician
  • 1963 Estes Kefauver, (Sen-D-Tn), dies at 60
  • 1963 Patrick Kennedy, son of US President JFK, dies at only 3 days
  • 1963 Ernst Wetter, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1877)
  • 1966 Felix A Vening Meinesz, geophysicist (black force), dies at 79
  • 1966 Jacobus C Bloem, poet (Cinders), dies
  • 1969 Leno LaBianca, American businessman (murdered) (b. 1925)
  • 1969 Rosemary LaBianca, American housewife (murdered) (b. 1930)
  • 1976 Ray "Crash" Corrigan, cowboy (Crash Corrigan's Ranch), dies at 74
  • 1979 Walther Gerlach, German Physicist (Stern–Gerlach effect) dies at 90
  • 1987 I W Able, CEO (United Steel Workers of America, 1965-77), dies at 87
  • 1988 Adela Rogers St John, journalist (Free Soul, Honeycomb), dies at 94
  • 1988 Arias Arnulfo, 3 time president of Panama (1940-41, 49-51, 68), dies at 86
  • 1990 Richard Haines, director (Splatter University), dies
  • 1991 Josef Lipski, Polish politician, dies
  • 1994 Leendert-John Schalm, Dutch banker on Curacao, murdered at 58
  • 1995 Fay Honey Knopp, American activist (founded a Quaker ministry for men and women in prisons), dies of complications from ovarian cancer at 76
  • 1996 Adriano Mandarino Hypolito, priest, dies at 78
  • 1999 Padma Bhushan Acharya Baldev Upadhyaya, Eminent Sanskrit Scholar in India (b. 1899)
  • 2002 Kristen Nygaard, Norwegian computer scientist (b. 1926)
  • 2007 Henry Cabot Lodge Bohler, American member of Tuskegee Airmen and civil rights activist (b. 1925)
  • 2007 James E. Faust, Second Councilor of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (b. 1920)
  • 2012 Carlo Rambaldi, Italian Special effects artist, dies at 86