On This Day in History for August 11

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 142

  • 3114 BC The Mesoamerican Long Count calendar, used by several pre-Columbian Mesoamerican civilizations, notably the Mayans, begins
  • 2492 BC Traditional date of the defeat of Bel by Hayk, progenitor and founder of the Armenian nation.
  • 480 BC Greco-Persian Wars: Battle of Artemisium - Persian naval victory over the Greeks in an engagement fought off north coast of Euboea.
  • 355 Claudius Silvanus, accused of treason, proclaims himself Roman Emperor against Constantius II.
  • 1304 Sea battle of Zierikzee, Franco-Holland forces defeat Flemish fleet
  • 1492 Rodrigo de Borja becomes Pope Alexander VI
  • 1522 Uprising of adel/burgerij in Austria fails
  • 1597 Germany throws out English sales people
  • 1611 Emperor Rudolf forces out king of Bohemia
  • 1674 1st Battle of at Seneffe (Louis II Condé vs Willem III)
  • 1695 English & Dutch fleet capture Dunkerk
  • 1718 Battle of Cape Passaro: British fleet destroys Spanish off Sicily
  • 1772 Explosive eruption blows 4,000' off Papandayan Java, kills 3,000
  • 1786 Captain Francis Light establishes the British colony of Penang in Malaysia
  • 1804 Francis II assumes the title of first Emperor of Austria
  • 1835 George B Airy begins 46-year reign as England's Astronomer Royal
  • 1858 First ascent of the Eiger in the Bernese Alps in Switzerland
  • 1860 US's 1st successful silver mill (Virginia City, Nev)
  • 1863 Cambodia becomes French protectorate
  • 1866 World's 1st roller rink opens (Newport, Rhode Island)
  • 1874 Harry S Parmelee patents sprinkler head
  • 1877 Asaph Hall discovers Mars's moon Deimos
  • 1885 $100,000 raised in US for pedestal for Statue of Liberty
  • 1888 California Theatre closed (now a Pac Tel Phone Store)
  • 1896 Harvey Hubbell patents electric light bulb socket with a pull chain
  • 1904 German-ltalian General Von Trotha defeats Herero in SW Africa
  • 1904 The Russian fleet in the harbor of at Port Arthur is exposed to Russian guns on the hill above the harbor; Russian ships attempt escape, but most are forced back into harbor by Japanese ships
  • 1908 King Edward VII of Britain meets with Emperor Wilhelm of Friedrichshof, Germany; the main point of contention is the increasing size of Germany's navy
  • 1909 SOS 1st used by an American ship, Arapahoe, off Cape Hatteras, NC
  • 1909 Warren Bardsley (136 & 130) 1st to get twin tons in a Test
  • 1914 Jews are expelled from Mitchenick, Poland
  • 1914 John Wray patents animation
  • 1919 Weimar Republic begins in Germany
  • 1920 1st peace of Riga-Soviet Union recognizes Independence of Latvia
  • 1923 Dutch Premier de Geer resigns
  • 1924 1st newsreel pictures of US presidential candidates were taken
  • 1926 Cleve Indian Tris Speaker hits his 700th double
  • 1929 Persia & Iraq sign friendship treaty
  • 1929 Russian-Chinese border fights
  • 1933 Temperature reaches 136°F (57.8°C) at San Luis Potosi, Mexico (world record)
  • 1934 1st federal prisoners arrive at Alcatraz in SF Bay
  • 1934 2nd British Empire Games close in London, England
  • 1935 Nazi mass demonstration against German Jews
  • 1936 Chaing Kai-shek's troops conquers Kanton
  • 1939 Sergei Rachmaninov's last appearance in Europe
  • 1940 38 German aircraft shot down over England
  • 1940 German air raid on British ports Portland and Weymouth
  • 1942 - Sept 30] SS begins exterminating 3,500 Jews in Zelov Lodz Poland
  • 1942 999 Jews are taken from Mechelen transit camp in Belgium
  • 1942 British aircraft carrier HMS Eagle torpedoed & sinks
  • 1942 Lt Gen Montgomery makes landing on Gibraltar

  • 1943 Red Army recaptures Tchukujev, at Kharkov
  • 1943 Richard Strauss' 2nd Horn Concert, premieres
  • 1943 US amphibians land at Brolo on north coast of Sicily

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Italy

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1944 French 5th Armour division recaptures Sées
  • 1944 Klaus Barbie, Gestapo head of Lyon France leaves for Auschwitz
  • 1944 US air raid on Palembang
  • 1945 Allies refuse Japan's surrender offer to retain Emperor Hirohito
  • 1949 1st Naples-Capri swim, 17 miles (27 km) (Giovanni Gambi)
  • 1949 Gaston Eyskens forms Belgian government
  • 1950 Boston Brave Vern Bickford no-hits Bkln Dodger, 7-0
  • 1950 King Boudouin I takes oath as royal prince of Belgium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Ethel Rosenberg testifies before grand jury on allegations of spying for the Soviet Union

Alleged Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Alleged Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg
  • 1951 100,000 acres flooded from Mississippi River in Kansas, Oklahoma, Missouri and Illinois
  • 1952 Hussein Ibn Talal I, proclaimed King of Jordan
  • 1954 Formal peace treaty ends over 7 yrs of fighting in Indochina between the French and the Communist Viet Minh
  • 1955 Indonesia government of Harahap forms
  • 1956 1st flight 4-motor Cessna 620
  • 1960 Chad declares Independence from France
  • 1962 Andrian G Nikolayev, becomes 3rd Russian in space aboard Vostok 3
  • 1962 Bolotnikov runs world record 10km (28:18.2)
  • 1963 Kingston Trio are mystery guest on "What's My Line?"
  • 1963 Four ANC political detainees escape from Pretoria Central prison in South Africa
  • 1964 Race riot in Paterson NJ
  • 1965 6 day insurrection starts in Watts section of Los Angeles
  • 1965 Watts riots begin in Southeast Los Angeles, lasts 6 days
  • 1967 Al Downing becomes 12th to strike-out side on 9 pitches
  • 1968 Fifteen Guinea Special - last main-line steam passenger train service in Britain. Selection of British Rail steam locomotives make a return 120-mile journey Liverpool to Carlisle, before having their fires dropped for the last time.
  • 1969 Don Drysdale retires because of damage to his right shoulder
  • 1970 Jim Bunning becomes 2nd (Cy Young) to win 100 games in both leagues
  • 1970 Tony Perez becomes 1st to hit a HR in red seats at Riverfront
  • 1970 Two Royal Ulster Constabulary officers are killed by the Irish Republican Army when they set off a booby trap bomb planted in a car near Crossmaglen, County Armagh
  • 1971 Construction begins on Louisiana Superdome
  • 1971 Harmon Killebrew hits HRs #500 & 501
  • 1971 4 people are shot dead in separate incidents in Belfast; three of them by the British Army, as violence continues following the introduction of Internment and Operation Demetrius
  • 1972 "Cheech & Chong Day" in San Antonio Texas
  • 1972 Two IRA members are killed when a bomb they were transporting exploded prematurely
  • 1974 Coup in East-Timor under UDT
  • 1974 Head-on collision between two buses kills 21 (Ankara, Turkey)
  • 1975 Expos' Jose Mangual struck out 5 times in a game
  • 1975 US vetoes proposed admission of North & South Vietnam to UN
  • 1976 Race riot in Cape Town, South Africa; 17 die
  • 1977 Geoff Boycott scores his 100th FC hundred, v Aust at Headingley
  • 1978 Funeral of Pope Paul VI
  • 1978 Legionnaire's disease bacteria isolated in Atlanta
  • 1978 "C'est Chic" 2nd studio album by Chic is released (Billboard Album of the Year 1979)
  • 1979 28°F in Embarrass Minnesota
  • 1980 Angola revises its constitution
  • 1980 Mohammed Ali Radjai appointed premier of Iran

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 103

  • 1467 Mary of York, English princess (d. 1482)
  • 1667 Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici, last of the Medicis (d. 1743)
  • 1673 Richard Mead, physician, born in London, England
  • 1718 Sir Frederick Haldimand, Swiss-born British colonial governor (d. 1791)
  • 1722 Richard Brocklesby, English physician (d. 1797)
  • 1737 Joseph Nollekins, sculptor, born in London, England
  • 1772 Rowland Hill, 1st Viscount/general
  • 1794 James Barton Longacre, American engraver (d. 1869)
  • 1799 Joachim de Barrande, French paleontologist/geologist
  • 1805 Pieter J Elout van Soeterwoude, Dutch judge/member of parliament
  • 1807 David R Atchison, President of USA on March 3rd 1849
  • 1811 Judah P Benjamin, US lawyer/minister of Confederacy navy [or Aug 6]
  • 1823 Charlotte Mary Yonge, England, writer (Heir of Redclyffe)
  • 1828 Edward Saloman, Gov (Union), (d. 1909)
  • 1832 Thomas Ogden Osbord, American lawyer, diplomat and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Licking County, Ohio (d. 1904)
  • 1833 Robert Green Ingersoll, NY, author/politician/agnostic (Att Gen-R-Ill)
  • 1833 Kido Takayoshi, Japanese politician (d. 1877)
  • 1836 Cato M. Guldberg, Norwegian mathematician and chemist (law of mass action), born in Christiania, Norway (d. 1902)
  • 1836 Warren Brown, American politician (d. 1919)
  • 1837 Marie François Sadi Carnot, President of France (1887-94), born in Limoges, France (d. 1894)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1858 Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch physician and bacteriologist (Nobel Prize in Medicine-1929), born in Nijkerk, Netherlands (d. 1930)

Physician and Nobel Laureate Christiaan Eijkman
Physician and Nobel Laureate
Christiaan Eijkman
  • 1860 Alfred Coville, French historian (Lesson etats de Normandie)
  • 1872 Shidehara Kijuro, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1951)
  • 1877 Adolph M. Christianson, justice of the North Dakota Supreme Court (d. 1954)
  • 1882 Rodolfo Graziani, Italian Marshal, fascist and Viceroy of Italian East Africa, born in Filettino, Italy (d. 1955)
  • 1883 Ernst Stadler, German poet (Der Aufbruch), born in Colmar, Alsace-Lorraine (d. 1914)
  • 1890 Erich Wichman, Dutch fascist painter/sculptor
  • 1892 Hugh MacDiarmid (Christopher Murray Grieve), Scotland, poet (Scots Unbound)
  • 1892 Wladyslaw Anders, Polish general
  • 1892 Eiji Yoshikawa, Japanese novelist (d. 1962)
  • 1897 Louise Bogan, Maine, writer (Sleeping Fury)
  • 1897 Enid Blyton, children's writer and fifth most popular author in the world (Famous Five, Secret Seven, The Adventure)
  • 1898 Arthur Leslie Noel Douglas Houghton, politician/trade unionist
  • 1900 Philip Phillips, American archaeologist (d. 1994)
  • 1902 Christian Castries, French general (Dien Bien Phu)
  • 1903 Michael Whalley Wickham, artist
  • 1905 Erwin Chargaff, Austrian biochemist (d. 2002)
  • 1909 Hugo Buchthal, art historian
  • 1909 Jean Lancaster, director (WRNS)
  • 1911 Alphonse de Waelhens, Flemish philosopher (Psychosis)
  • 1911 Benny Lee, entertainer
  • 1911 Prem Bhatia, journalist
  • 1911 Ronald Batty, bookseller
  • 1911 Thanom Kittikachorn, general/premier Thailand (1958..73)
  • 1912 Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (d. 1954)
  • 1913 Angus Wilson, England, writer (Mulberry Bush-1955)
  • 1914 José Silva, American parapsychologist (d. 1999)
  • 1917 Dik Browne, cartoonist (Hi & Lois, Hagar the Horrible)
  • 1920 Derry Jeffares, Honorary Prof of English Studies (Stirling U)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1921 Alex Haley, writer (Autobiography of Malcolm X, Roots), born in Ithaca, New York (d. 1992)

Writer Alex Haley
Writer
Alex Haley
  • 1923 Stan Chambers, American television reporter
  • 1925 Carl Rowan, gun-toting newspaper columnist (Wash Post)
  • 1925 Mike Douglas, talk show host (Mike Douglas Show), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1925 Floyd Curry, National Hockey League player (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Aaron Klug, OM/PRS/biochemist
  • 1926 Bernard Ashley, English businessperson, fashion designer and co-founder of Laura Ashley, born in London (d. 2009)
  • 1926 Claus Von Bulow, socialite accused of murdering his wife
  • 1926 J R S Fincham, geneticist
  • 1927 James Eaton, Lord-Lieutenant of the City of Londonderry
  • 1927 Len Rempt-Halmmans de Jongh, Dutch politician (VVD)
  • 1928 Richard Barratt, former Chief Inspector of Constabulary
  • 1930 Michael Quinlan, civil servant
  • 1930 William A O'Neal, (Gov-D-Ct)
  • 1932 Angela Rumbold, British politician (C), born in Bristol (d. 2010)
  • 1932 Fernando Arrabal, Spanish song/romance writer (Baal Babilonia)
  • 1932 Geoffrey Cass, CEO (Cambridge U Press)
  • 1932 Eric Varley, British politician and cabinet minister, born in Poolsbrook, Derbyshire (d. 2008)
  • 1932 Sam McCluskie, trade unionist
  • 1932 Israel Asper, Canadian tax lawyer (d. 2003)
  • 1932 John Gorrie, English director
  • 1933 Jerry Falwell, American TV evangelist (Moral Majority)
  • 1933 Julian Oswald, British Admiral of the Fleet
  • 1934 Bob Hepple, South African-born academic and master of Clare College Cambridge, (d. 2015)
  • 1936 D V Day, Principal (St John's College, Durham U)
  • 1936 J L Thompson, Bishop (Bath & Wells)
  • 1937 Taki Theodoracopoulos, Greek/British journalist/multi-millionaire
  • 1938 Charles Hugh Shirley, publisher
  • 1938 Allegra Kent, ballerina, born in Santa Monica, California
  • 1938 Branko Stanovnik, Slovenian chemist
  • 1939 Ronnie Dawson, American rockabilly performer (d. 2003)
  • 1941 Elizabeth Holtzman, Bkln DA (D-Rep-NY, Watergate Committee)
  • 1943 Abigail Folger, American heiress and Manson murder victim (d. 1969)
  • 1943 Pervaiz Musharaf, Delhi India, General and politician, 10th President of Pakistan (2001-2008)
  • 1944 David Pearl, British judge
  • 1946 Marilyn Vos Savant, writer/world's highest IQ (228), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • 1947 Georgios Karatzaferis, Greek politician
  • 1948 Don Boyd, Scottish director and producer (Goldeneye, 21, East of Elephant Rock), born in Nairn
  • 1948 Jan Palach, Czech student protester (d. 1969)
  • 1949 Tim Hutchinson, (Rep-R-Arkansas)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1950 Steve Wozniak, American pioneer of the personal computer revolution of the 1970s and co-founder of Apple Computer, born in San Jose, California

Co-founder of Apple Steve Wozniak
Co-founder of Apple
Steve Wozniak
  • 1950 Gennidy Nikonov, Russian weapons inventor
  • 1951 Donald DeCicco, Brockton Mass, fictional ID of Beldar in Coneheads
  • 1955 Sylvia Hermon, British politician
  • 1955 Marc Bureau, French Canadian politician
  • 1956 Pierre-Louis Lions, French mathematician
  • 1957 Masayoshi Son, Korean-Japanese chief executive of SoftBank Mobile and chairman of Sprint Corporation, born in Tosu, Saga
  • 1959 Yoshiaki Murakami, Japanese investor
  • 1961 Frederick W Sturckow, USMC capt/astronaut (sk: STS 88), born in La Mesa, California
  • 1964 Jim Lee, Korean-born comic book artist
  • 1965 Shinji Mikami, Japanese video game designer (Resident Evil)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1886 Education pioneer Booker T. Washington (30) weds Olivia Davidson (32) Athens, Ohio

Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington
Education Pioneer
Booker T. Washington

HeartWedding of Interest

1925 Physicist James Chadwick (33) weds Aileen Stewart-Brown

Physicist James Chadwick
Physicist
James Chadwick

HeartWedding of Interest

1949 Molecular biologist Francis Crick (33) weds artist Odile Speed (29)

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick

Divorces in History

  • 1993 Director Oliver Stone files for divorce from Elizabeth

Deaths in History

  • 480 BC Leonidas, King of Sparta (b. circa 540 BC)
  • 353 Magnentius, Roman usurper (b. 303)
  • 449 Flavian, Patriarch of Constantinople
  • 897 Wilfred the Hairy, Count of Barcelona
  • 1171 Louis I, Earl of Wage/Rieneck, dies
  • 1180 Guillaume de/Willem van Sens, Fren master builder (Canterbury), dies
  • 1183 Christian I, archbishop of Mainz, dies
  • 1204 King Guttorm of Norway (b. 1199)
  • 1253 Clare of Assisi, Italian follower of Francis of Assisi (b. 1194) and founder of the Order of Poor Ladies (the Poor Clares)
  • 1394 Jan III, mister of Polanen, dies
  • 1456 Janos Hunyadi, Hungarian general strategist, dies at about 49
  • 1464 Nicholas van Cusa, philosopher/bishop of Brixen, dies
  • 1490 French van Brederode, leader of Hoeksen, dies at about 25
  • 1494 Hans Memling, [John Memlinc], Flemish painter (Passietaferelen), dies
  • 1519 Johann Tetzel, Dominican monk, dies at about 79
  • 1522 Martin Siebenborger, mayor of Vienna, beheaded
  • 1578 Pedro Nunes, [Nonius], Port mathematician/astronomer (nonius), dies
  • 1589 Maarten Schenck van Nideggen, lt col (80 year war), dies at about 49
  • 1596 Hamnet Shakespeare, son of William Shakespeare (b. 1585)
  • 1614 Lavinia Fontana, Italian painter, dies at 61
  • 1656 Prince Octavio Piccolomini, Duke of Amalfi, Austrian field marshal (b. 1599)
  • 1774 Tiphaigne de la Roche, French writer (b. 1722)
  • 1778 Augustus Montague Toplady, hymn writer (Rock of Ages), dies
  • 1813 Henry James Pye, English poet, British Poet Laureate (1790-1813), dies at 68
  • 1844 Jernej Kopitar, filmologist/censor (Slavic Grammatica), dies at 63
  • 1851 Lorenz Oken, German naturalist (b. 1779)
  • 1852 Nicolaas Plomp, Dutch architect (Strugle), dies at 70
  • 1854 Macedonio Melloni, Italian physicist (b. 1798)
  • 1860 James Wilson, politician
  • 1868 Thaddeus Stevens, architect of Radical Reconstruction, dies at 76
  • 1886 Lydia Koidula, Estonian poet (b. 1843)
  • 1890 John Henry Newman, English cardinal, dies at 89
  • 1892 Enrico Betti, Italian mathematician (b. 1813)
  • 1901 Francesco Crispi, Italian minister of War/premier, dies at about 82
  • 1903 Eugenio Maria de Hostos, Puerto Rican educator and nationalist (b. 1839)
  • 1908 Khudiram Bose, Indian freedom fighter (b. 1889)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1919 Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-American industrialist, steel tycoon, philanthropist and one of the richest Americans ever, dies of bronchial pneumonia at 83

Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
Industrialist and Philanthropist
Andrew Carnegie
  • 1935 William Watson, British poet (Purple East), dies
  • 1936 Blas Infante, Spanish writer and politician (b. 1885)
  • 1937 Bakr Sidqi, general/dictator of Iraq, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1937 Edith Wharton [-Jones], US Pulitzer prize-winning author (House of Mirth), dies at 75

Pulitzer prize winning novelist Edith Wharton
Pulitzer prize winning novelist
Edith Wharton
  • 1939 Jean Bugatti, Italian automobile designer (b. 1909)
  • 1953 Ludwig Strauss, German/Israeli writer (Heimliche Gegenwart), dies
  • 1954 Santo Trafficante, Sr., Sicilian-born American mobster (b. 1886)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1956 Jackson Pollock, abstract artist, dies in auto accident (East Hampton)

  • 1968 Lucien Cerfaux, Belgian biblical scholar, dies
  • 1972 Max Theiler, South African and American virologist who developed vaccine for Yellow Fever (Nobel Prize 1951), dies at 73
  • 1972 Rose Schneiderman, American socialist, feminist, trade union leader and secretary of labor for New York State (1937-44), dies at 90
  • 1975 Anthony C McAuliffe, US gen/commandant 101st div (Nuts!), dies at 77
  • 1980 Paul Robert, French lexicographer and publisher (b. 1910)
  • 1984 Alfred A Knopf, American publisher (1966 Alexander Hamilton Medal), dies at 91
  • 1984 Paul Felix Schmidt, Estonian-German chess player (b. 1916)
  • 1987 Clara Peller, commercial spokesperson (Wendy's), dies at 86
  • 1988 Pauline Lafont, daughter of Bernadette, dies in hiking accident at 25
  • 1991 Jef Contryn, Flemish pioneer puppet theatre, dies at 89
  • 1992 Alonzo Church, American Mathematician whose work provided foundation for computer science, dies at 92
  • 1994 Gordon Cullen, architect, dies at 80
  • 1995 Douglas John Gorman, businessman, dies at 58
  • 1995 Kenneth Lo, cookery writer and restaurateur, dies at 81
  • 1996 Sigmund Koch, psychologist/philosopher, dies at 79
  • 2002 Galen Rowell, American photographer and mountain climber (b. 1940)
  • 2003 Diana Mitford, English biographer, famous beauty, wife of Oswald Mosley and one of the Mitford sisters, dies at 93
  • 2003 Armand Borel, Swiss mathematician (b. 1923)
  • 2010 Markus Liebherr, German born Swiss owner of Southampton Football Club (b. 1948)