On This Day in History for August 12

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 140

  • 3 Venus-Jupiter in conjunction-Star of Bethlehem
  • 1071 Alp Arslan beat Byzantines, emperor Romanos IV Diogenes
  • 1099 Battle at Ascalon: Godfried of Broth leading the Crusaders beats Egyptians Fatimid army
  • 1121 Battle of Didgori: the Georgian army under King David the Builder wins a decisive victory over the famous Seljuk commander Ilghazi
  • 1164 Battle of Harim: Nur ad-Din defeats the Crusader armies of the County of Tripoli and the Principality of Antioch.
  • 1323 Treaty of Nöteborg between Sweden and Novgorod (Russia) regulates the border for the first time
  • 1332 Battle of Dupplin Moor; Scottish dynastic battle

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1336 English King Edward III ends wool export to Flanders

King of England Edward III
King of England
Edward III
  • 1480 Battle of Otranto - Ottoman troops behead 800 Christians for refusing to convert to Islam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Christopher Columbus arrives in the Canary Islands on his first voyage to the New World

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1499 First engagement of the Battle of Zonchio between Venetian and Ottoman fleets
  • 1530 Florence surrenders for emperor Karel I
  • 1549 French troops conquer Ambleteuse, in the Pas-de-Calais, and kill all the English prisoners.
  • 1553 Pope Julius III orders confiscation & burning of Jewish Talmud
  • 1588 Commander of the English fleet Lord Howard of Effingham calls off chase of the Spanish Armada off coast of Scotland
  • 1588 Medemblik surrenders to Spanish army
  • 1658 1st American police force forms (New Amsterdam)
  • 1665 English fleet beat Dutch fleet
  • 1676 1st war between American colonists & Indians ends in New England
  • 1687 Charles of Lotharingen defeats Turkish leaders
  • 1687 Battle of Mohacs: Ottoman invaders of Hungary routed by forces of Holy Roman Emperor under Charles of Lorraine
  • 1759 Battle of Kunersdorf - Russian-Austrian army overpowers Prussians
  • 1793 The Rhône départment is created when the former département of Rhône-et-Loire was split into two: Rhône and Loire (Lêre).
  • 1812 Duke of Wellington's troops enter Madrid
  • 1813 Robert Southey is appointed British Poet Laureate by King George III
  • 1831 Dutch troops conquer Leuven
  • 1831 Netherlands & Belgium sign peace treaty
  • 1833 The town of Chicago is incorporated (population 350)
  • 1856 Anthony Fass patents accordion
  • 1861 Skirmish at Texas - rebels are attacked by Apache Indians
  • 1862 Gen John Hunt Morgan & his raiders capture Gallatin, TX
  • 1863 1st cargo of lumber leaves Burrard Inlet (Vancouver, BC)
  • 1865 Joseph Lister performs 1st antiseptic surgery

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1867 US President Andrew Johnson defies Congress suspending Secretary of War Edwin Stanton

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869 Self-proclaimed Emperor Joshua Abraham Norton of the USA issues edict abolishing the Democratic and Republican parties

Emperor of the USA Emperor Norton
Emperor of the USA
Emperor Norton

1stHistoric Invention

1877 Thomas Edison invents the Edisonphone, a sound recording device

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1883 The last quagga (zebra subspecies) dies at the Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam.

1stHistoric Invention

1888 Bertha, wife of inventor Karl Benz, makes 1st motor tour

Automobile Engineer and Inventor Karl Benz
Automobile Engineer and Inventor
Karl Benz
  • 1898 Hawaii is formally annexed to US
  • 1898 Peace protocol ends Spanish-American War, signed
  • 1901 Boer general Kritzinger driven out of Cape colony
  • 1903 The Japanese Minister to Russia presents a note to the Russian Government protesting against its failure to evacuate Manchuria
  • 1905 King Leopold II opens Antwerp Central Station

CommunicationModel T

1908 Henry Ford's company builds the first Model T car

  • 1914 France and Great Britian declare war on Austria-Hungary
  • 1914 Cavalry battle at Halen, Belgium ("Battle of the Silver Helmets")
  • 1914 German 16.5"/12" guns fires on forts round Liege
  • 1914 Russian troops take East-Prussia & occupy Marggrabowa
  • 1915 "Of Human Bondage" by William Somerset Maugham, published

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 Picasso, Max Jacob, Kisling, Ortiz & Paquerette photographed in Paris

Painter Pablo Picasso
Painter
Pablo Picasso
  • 1918 WW I: Allies defeat Germans at the Battle of Amiens - the last great battle on the Western Front
  • 1920 Battle of Warsaw between Poland and Russia begins
  • 1922 Dedication of Frederick Douglas' home in Washington, D.C. as national shrine
  • 1923 Dutch AR-leader Coair replaces De Geer as minister of finances
  • 1923 Enrico Tiraboschi is 1st to swim English Channel westward
  • 1925 KMA-AM in Shenandoah IA begins radio transmissions
  • 1925 The first cast of Alpha Psi Omega, drawn from The Masquers of Fairmont College, West Virginia, is initiated.
  • 1931 Yangtzee River floods after heavy rain crumbles dikes in China
  • 1933 Cuban dictator Machado y Morales flees after military coup
  • 1936 120°F (49°C), Seymour, Texas (state record)
  • 1940 Luftwaffe bombs British radar stations, loses 31 aircraft
  • 1940 Netherlands starts rationing textiles
  • 1941 French Marshal Henri Petain gave full support to Nazi Germany

Conference meetingMeeting of Interest

1942 British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Moscow, meets Stalin

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1942 German 1st tank leader captures Elista, Kalmukkensteppe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Lt General Bernard Montgomery arrives in Cairo

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • 1943 Alleged date of the first Philadelphia Experiment test on United States Navy ship USS Eldridge.
  • 1944 Churchill & Tito meet in Naples
  • 1944 Pipeline under ocean (Pluto) begins operating
  • 1944 Waffen SS troops massacre 560 people in Sant'Anna di Stazzema.
  • 1948 Court of justice sentences General Friedrich Christiansen, commander of the German Wehrmacht in the Netherlands, to 12 years imprisonment
  • 1950 Pope Pius XII publishes encyclical Humani generis
  • 1952 Hussain ibn Talal proclaimed King of Jordan
  • 1953 Ann Davison arrives in Miami in her 23 foot boat Felicity Ann, becoming the 1st woman to sail solo across the Atlantic
  • 1953 Heavy earthquake strikes the Ionian islands, 435 killed
  • 1953 Soviet Union conducts secret test of its 1st hydrogen bomb
  • 1954 Senator Eddie Yost draws his 100th walk for 5th year in a row

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 US President Eisenhower raises minimum wage from 75 cents to $1 an hour

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1959 1st ship firing of a Polaris missile, Observation Island
  • 1959 Progressive Party under John Steytler forms in South Africa
  • 1960 Echo 1, 1st communications satellite, is launched by NASA
  • 1960 USAF Major Robert M White takes X-15 to an altitude of 41,600 m
  • 1962 1st time 2 people in space
  • 1962 Russia launches Vostok 4, Pavel Popovich, who lands safely Aug 15
  • 1963 Portuguese dictator Salazar firm on African colonization
  • 1964 10th time Mantle switch-hits HR in a game, one goes 502 feet
  • 1964 Race riot in Elizabeth, NJ
  • 1965 Dame Elizabeth Lane becomes first female English High Court judge
  • 1965 Race riot in West Side of Chicago
  • 1969 Battle of the Bogside: RUC officers, backed by loyalists, entered the nationalist Bogside in armoured cars and tried to suppress the riot by using CS gas, water cannon and eventually firearms; the almost continuous rioting lasted for two days

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Syrian President Hafez al-Assad drops diplomatic relations with Jordan

General and President of Syria Hafez al-Assad
General and President of Syria
Hafez al-Assad
  • 1972 Last American combat ground troops leave Vietnam
  • 1973 WPBA National Championship won by Betty Morris
  • 1976 1st approach & lands test (ALT) of orbiter Enterprise
  • 1976 Christian militia conquer Palestinian camp Tell al-Za'tar, 2000 killed
  • 1977 For 2nd straight day, Oakland's Manny Sanguillen foils a no-hit bid
  • 1977 High Energy Astronomy Observatory {HEAO] 1 launched into Earth's orbit by NASA
  • 1977 Space shuttle Enterprise makes 1st atmospheric flight
  • 1978 Arron Marshall completes a record shower of 336 hours
  • 1978 China & Japan sign peace treaty

Birthdays in History

  • 1503 Christian III, king of Denmark/Norway (1534-59)
  • 1566 Isabella CE, infante of Spain/governess of the Netherlands
  • 1592 Willem earl of Nassau-Siegen, Dutch gov (Fort Emmerik/Heusden)
  • 1604 Tokugawa Iemitsu, Japanese shogun (d. 1651)
  • 1620 Pieter Cuypers, S Neth lawyer
  • 1629 Tsar Alexei I of Russia (d. 1676)
  • 1647 Johann Heinrich Acker, German writer (d. 1719)
  • 1686 John Balguy, English philosopher (d. 1748)
  • 1744 Rowland Hill, preacher
  • 1753 Thomas Bewick, England, artist (British Birds, Aesop's Fables)
  • 1757 ALF, alien life form (ALF)
  • 1762 King George IV of the United Kingdom (1820-30)
  • 1774 Robert Southey, English writer (The Story of the Three Bears), Poet Laureate (1813-43) and biographer (Nelson), born in Bristol, England (d. 1843)
  • 1778 Francis Horner, politician
  • 1781 Robert Mills, US, architect (Washington Monument)
  • 1819 Daniel Davidson Bidwell, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1864)
  • 1820 Oliver Mowat, a founder of the Canadian Confederation
  • 1829 John Horace Forney, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1902)
  • 1832 Hely Hutchinson Almond, politician/doctor
  • 1833 William Price Sanders, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1863)
  • 1848 Macellus Emants, Dutch writer/poet (Along the Nile)
  • 1849 Abbott Handerson Thayer, painter/naturalist
  • 1854 Alfred Gilbert, sculptor/goldsmith
  • 1856 "Diamond Jim" Brady, American financier (d. 1917)
  • 1859 Katharine Lee Bates, US, author (America the Beautiful)
  • 1866 Jacinto Benavente y Martínez, Spanish playwright (Nobel 1922)
  • 1867 Edith Hamilton, US, writer (Mythology)
  • 1868 Frederic Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford, 22nd Governor of New South Wales (1908-13) and Viceroy of British India (1916-21), born in London, England (d. 1933)
  • 1872 Princess Marie Louise of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1956)
  • 1876 Mary Roberts Rinehart, mystery writer (Miss Pinkerton)
  • 1880 Marguerite "John" Radclyffe-Hall, author
  • 1883 Jan Schouten, Dutch co-founder (Daily Trouw)/chairman (ARP)
  • 1884 Frank Arthur Swinnerton, English novelist (Summer Storm, Sanctuary)
  • 1885 Jean Cabannes, French physicist (d. 1959)
  • 1886 Sir Keith Murdoch, Australian journalist and newspaper owner (d. 1952)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1887 Erwin Schrodinger, physicist and Nobel Prize Laureate, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1961)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Erwin Schrödinger
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Erwin Schrödinger
  • 1888 Willem Vogt, Dutch radio pioneer/founder (AVRO)
  • 1889 Zerna Sharp, American writer and educator (Dick and Jane) (d. 1981)
  • 1897 Otto (von) Struve, German/US dir (Yerkes/MacDonald observatory)
  • 1899 Alfred Kantorowicz, German historian (Spanish Diary)
  • 1903 Frances Clode, CEO (WRVS)
  • 1904 Aleksei N Romanov, son of Tsar Nicholas II [OS=July 30]
  • 1904 Frank Ervin, harness racer (Hambletonian 1959, 66)
  • 1906 Tedd Pierce, American animator (d. 1972)
  • 1907 James Herbert Lloyd Morrell, bishop
  • 1908 Lord Renton, QC/British government minister
  • 1909 Maurice Heath, air marshal
  • 1909 Richard Bare, American director
  • 1910 Baroness Phillips, pres/general secretary (National Association of Women)
  • 1910 Yusof bin Ishak, first President of Singapore (d. 1970)
  • 1914 [Hendrik] Jan Bakker, Dutch resistance fighter/journalist (Parool)
  • 1914 Gerd Buchdahl, German philosopher (d. 2001)
  • 1915 Michael Kidd, American choreographer (d. 2007)
  • 1917 Douglas Gunsekera, banker

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1918 Guy Gibson, British aviator, awarded Victoria Cross, born in Simla, India (d. 1944)

RAF Pilot Guy Gibson
RAF Pilot
Guy Gibson
  • 1919 Michael Kidd, [Milton Greenwald] choreographer (7 Brides for 7 Bros)
  • 1919 Peter Ambrose Cyprian Luke, playwright
  • 1919 Vikram Sarabhai, Indian physicist (d. 1971)
  • 1921 Patrick Howard-Dobson, president (Royal British Legion)
  • 1922 Andre Kloos, Dutch trade union leader (NVV/VARA)
  • 1922 Lord Colinbrook, British government minister
  • 1924 Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, leader of Pakistan (d. 1988)
  • 1925 Dale Bumpers, politician (Sen-D Arkansas, 1975-99), born in Charleston, Arkansas (d. 2016)
  • 1925 Norris McWhirter, author (Guinness Book of World Records)
  • 1925 Robin Nicholson, metallurgist
  • 1925 Ross McWhirter, author (Guinness Book of World Records)
  • 1925 George Wetherill, American scientist (d. 2006)
  • 1926 Wallace Markfield, American writer (d. 2002)
  • 1928 Charles Blackman, Australian artist
  • 1930 Ronald James Herron, architect
  • 1930 Jacques Tits, Belgian mathematician
  • 1931 William Goldman, author
  • 1932 Queen Ferekit, of Thailand (Queens Day)
  • 1932 Charlie O'Donnell, American game show announcer
  • 1934 Kenneth Eaton, Controller (British Navy)
  • 1935 Karl Mickel, German writer, born in Dresden, Germany (d. 2000)
  • 1936 Geoff Hamilton, gardner/journalist
  • 1936 Hans Haacke, artist (Right to Life, Dripper Boxes), born in Cologne, Germany
  • 1936 John Poindexter, US Chief of Staff
  • 1937 Walter Dean Myers, African-American author, born in Martinsburg, West Virginia, (d. 2014)
  • 1938 Anthony Joliffe, mayor of London
  • 1938 Jean-Paul L'Allier, Canadian Mayor of Quebec
  • 1939 Roy Romanow, Canadian politician
  • 1939 Sushil Koirala, Nepalese politician, Prime Minister of Nepal (2014-2015), born in Biratnagar, Morang (d. 2016)
  • 1941 Réjean Ducharme, Quebec novelist and playwright
  • 1948 Graham Zellick, principal (Queen Mary & Westfield College London)
  • 1949 Anthony Akerman, South Africa, director
  • 1949 Fernando Collor de Mello, president of Brazil (1990-92)
  • 1949 Mark Knopfler, guitar/vocals (Dire Straits-Sultans of Swing)
  • 1949 Panagiotis Chinofotis, Greek politician
  • 1951 Charles E Brady Jr, Pinehurst NC, Cmdr USN/astronaut (STS 78)
  • 1951 Willie Horton, American murderer and rapist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1954 François Hollande, 24th President of France (Socialist: 2012-), born in Rouen, France

French President François Hollande
French President
François Hollande
  • 1955 Ann M. Martin, American author
  • 1962 Miss Cleo, American psychic
  • 1967 Andrey Plotnikov, Russian race walker
  • 1970 Anthony Swofford, American novelist
  • 1972 Takanohana, Sumo yokozuna
  • 1973 Sayyed Muqtada al-Sadr - son of Ayatollah Mohammad Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr
  • 1973 Richard Reid, British terrorist, referred to as the "shoe bomber".

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1806 Frontiersman Davy Crockett (20) weds Polly Finley in Tennessee

Frontiersman/Soldier Davy Crockett
Frontiersman/Soldier
Davy Crockett

Deaths in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

30 BC Cleopatra VII Philopator, the last ruler of the Egyptian Ptolemaic dynasty, commits suicide allegedly by inducing an asp (Egyptian cobra) to bite her

Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt Cleopatra
Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt
Cleopatra
  • 875 Louis II, king of Italy/emperor of France, dies at about 50
  • 1158 Anselmus van Havelberg, Brandenburg bshp of Havelberg (1129-55), dies
  • 1350 Philip VI, king of France, dies
  • 1424 Yongle, Emperor of China (b. 1360)
  • 1484 Sixtus IV, [Francesco della Rovere], Pope (1471-84), dies
  • 1484 George of Trebizond, Greek philosopher (b. 1395)
  • 1546 Francisco de Vitoria, Spanish theology/lawyer, dies
  • 1577 Thomas Smith, English diplomat and scholar (b. 1513)
  • 1638 Johannes Althusius, [Althaut], German lawyer, dies at about 81
  • 1648 Ibrahim I, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1615)
  • 1654 Cornelis Haga, ambassador to Constantinople (1611-39), dies at 76
  • 1660 Gilbertus van Zinnik, Flemish architect, dies at about 33
  • 1674 Philippe de Champaigne, painter, dies
  • 1675 Karl Rabenhaupt, German/Neth baron of Sucha/army leader, dies at 73
  • 1676 King Philip, [Metacomet], leader Wampanoag-indians, shot to death
  • 1689 Innocent XI, [Benedetto Odescalchi], Italian, Pope (1676-89), dies at 78
  • 1715 Nahum Tate, English poet/playwright/poet laureate, dies
  • 1728 Henricus Zwaardecroon, gov-gen of Neth-Indies, dies at 61
  • 1750 Rachel Ruysch, royal painter of soverign Johan von de Pfalz, dies
  • 1778 Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, British general and politician (b. 1714)
  • 1809 Mikhail Kamensky, Russian field marshal (b. 1738)
  • 1810 Etienne Louis Geoffroy, French pharmacist and entomologist (b. 1725)
  • 1811 John FE Acton, cruel premier of Naples, dies at 77
  • 1822 Robert Stewart, 2nd marguess of Londonderry, commits suicide, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1827 William Blake, English poet/painter, dies at 69

Poet/Artist William Blake
Poet/Artist
William Blake
  • 1848 George Stephenson, locomotive engineer, dies
  • 1849 Abraham AA "Albert" Gallatin, Min of Finance (1801-14), dies at 88
  • 1857 William Daniel Conybeare, geologist, dies
  • 1861 Eliphalet Remington, American inventor, designer of the Remington rifle (b. 1793)
  • 1864 Sakuma Shōzan, Japanese reformer (b. 1811)
  • 1865 William Jackson Hooker, botanist, dies
  • 1877 James Drummond, Scottish historical painter, (b. 1816)
  • 1883 Last Quagga, (zebra with less slashes), dies in Amsterdam zoo
  • 1885 Georg Curtius, German classical/linguist/philologist, dies at 65
  • 1891 James Russell Lowell, poet/critic/diplomat, dies
  • 1896 Thomas Chamberlain, officer of the 20th Maine at the Battle of Gettysburg
  • 1900 James E Keeler, US astronomer (rings of Saturn), dies at 42
  • 1900 Wilhelm Steinitz, Austrian chess player (b. 1836)
  • 1901 Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, Finnish-Swedish explorer (b. 1832)
  • 1911 Jozef Israels, painter, dies
  • 1911 Petrus H Hugenholtz, Dutch reformist vicar (Levenslicht), dies at 79

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1914 John Philip Holland, submarine designer, dies at 74

  • 1922 Arthur Griffith, Irish nationalist/president (Sinn Fein), dies
  • 1934 Hendrik P Berlage, architect (Stock exchange Amsterdam), dies at 78
  • 1935 Friedrich Schottky, German mathematician (b. 1851)
  • 1938 Ludwig Borchardt, German egyptologist, dies at 74
  • 1944 Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., brother of President John F. Kennedy (b. 1915)
  • 1948 Harry Brearley, English inventor (b. 1871)
  • 1952 David Bergelson, Yiddish language writer (b. 1884)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1955 Thomas Mann, German writer (Dr Faustus, Nobel 1929), dies at 80

Novelist Thomas Mann
Novelist
Thomas Mann
  • 1955 James B. Sumner, American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1887)
  • 1968 Pieter J Auld, mayor of Rotterdam (1945-52), dies at 81
  • 1968 Esther Forbes, American novelist (b. 1891)
  • 1973 Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist, Nobel laureate (b. 1881)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1973 Karl Ziegler, German chemist and Nobel Laureate (polymers), dies at 74

Chemist/Nobel Laureate Karl Ziegler
Chemist/Nobel Laureate
Karl Ziegler
  • 1976 Thomas Edward Driberg, 1st baron Bradwell, journalist, dies
  • 1982 Varlam Shalamov, Russian writer (b. 1907)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1989 William Shockley, American physicist and 1956 Nobel laureate, dies of prostate cancer at 79

Physicist William Shockley
Physicist
William Shockley
  • 1990 B. Kliban, American cartoonist known for his drawings of cats, usually with horrible puns (Love to Eat Them Mousies), dies at 55
  • 1992 Mazoon al-Mashani, 2nd wife of Sultan Said bin Taimur and Queen Mother of Oman, dies at about 72
  • 1994 Manfred Salzgeber, German film distributor/publicist, dies at about 51
  • 1996 Anthony Derrick Parsons, diplomat, dies at 73
  • 1996 Victor Ambartsumian, astrophysicist, dies at 87
  • 1999 Jean Drapeau, Quebec politician, mayor of Montreal (b. 1916)
  • 1999 John Rigby Hale, British linguist and historian, dies at 75
  • 2004 Sir Godfrey Hounsfield, English electrical engineer and inventor, Nobel laureate (b. 1919)
  • 2005 John Loder, co-founder of the anarcho-punk band CRASS (b. 1946)
  • 2007 Mike Wieringo, American comic book artist (b. 1963)
  • 2010 Isaac Bonewits, founder of U.S. Druid organization Ar Ndraiocht Fein (b. 1949)
  • 2010 Guido de Marco, 6th president of Malta, 45th President of the United Nations General Assembly (b. 1931)
  • 2014 Lauren Bacall, American actress (Key Largo), dies of a stroke at 89