On This Day in History for August 14

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 151

  • 554 Ravenna becomes seat of Byzantine military governor in Italy
  • 1183 Taira no Munemori and Taira clan take young Emperor Antoku and 3 sacred treasures and flee to western Japan to escape Minamoto clan (Traditional Japanese date: 25th Day of the 7th Month of the 2nd Year of Juei).

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1281 During Kublai Khan's Second Invasion of Japan his invading Chinese fleet of 3,500 vessels disappears in a typhoon near Japan

Mongolian Emperor and Founder of the Yuan Dynasty Kublai Khan
Mongolian Emperor and Founder of the Yuan Dynasty
Kublai Khan
  • 1385 Portuguese defeat Castilians at Aljubarrota, retain independence
  • 1395 Utrecht bishop Frederik of Blankenheim occupies Coevorden
  • 1457 Oldest known exactly dated printed book (c 3 years after Gutenberg)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1498 Columbus landed at the mouth of the Orinoco River in what is now Venezuela

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1551 Turkish fleet under Dragut occupies Tripoli
  • 1559 Spanish explorer de Luna lands in Pensacola Bay, Fla

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1585 Queen Elizabeth I of England refuses sovereignty of Netherlands

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1597 Cornelis de Houtmans fleet is 1st Dutch visit to Java
  • 1624 Dutch fleet seizes Callao the Lima in Peru
  • 1636 Spanish troops occupy Corbie at Amiens
  • 1642 Able Tasman's ships Heemskerck/Zeehaen depart out from Batavia
  • 1678 Battle of Mons - French repulse William of Orange
  • 1743 Prussian army occupies Saksen, beginning 2nd Silezian War
  • 1756 French capture Fort Oswego, NY
  • 1758 Battle of Zorndorf: Prussia beats Russia, 1000s killed
  • 1762 English fleet occupies Havana
  • 1765 Massachusetts colonists challenge British rule by an Elm (Liberty Tree)
  • 1782 Suriname forbids selling slave mothers without their babies
  • 1790 Sweden & Russia sign Peace of Verela
  • 1813 British warship Pelican attacks & captures US war brigantine Argus
  • 1816 Great Britain annexes Tristan da Cunha
  • 1820 1st US eye hospital, the NY Eye Infirmary, opens in NYC
  • 1824 General Lafayette returns to US
  • 1825 Dutch King Willem I throws foreign students out
  • 1842 Second Seminole War declared over by Colonel Worth; Indians go on to be removed from Florida to Oklahoma

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1846 Henry David Thoreau jailed for refusing to pay taxes

Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau
Naturalist/Pacifist
Henry David Thoreau
  • 1846 The Cape Girardeau meteorite, a 2.3 kg chondrite-type meteorite strikes near the town of Cape Girardeau in Cape Girardeau County, Missouri.
  • 1848 Oregon Territory created
  • 1861 79th NY troops mutinies
  • 1861 Martial Law is declared at St Louis, Missouri, due to pro-secession sentiment which surged throughout Missouri after the Battle of Wilson's Creek

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Abraham Lincoln receives the first group of African Americans to confer with a US president

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1864 -16] Confederate General Joe Wheeler besieges Dalton, Georgia
  • 1864 2nd day of battle at Deep Bottom Run Virginia: Federal assault
  • 1873 "Field & Stream" begins publishing
  • 1875 Society of Regte Afrikaanders establishes in Paarl
  • 1876 Prairie View State University forms
  • 1880 Construction of Cologne Cathedral completed after it was began in 1248 - largest Gothic cathedral in Northern Europe

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1882 Queen Victoria recieves Zulu chief Cetewayo

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • 1885 Japan's first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint.
  • 1890 Cecil Rhodes' colonists reach Mashonaland (Fort Victoria)
  • 1893 France introduces motor vehicle registration, includes a driving test
  • 1894 Sir Oliver Joseph Lodge demonstrates wireless telegraphy (radio) using Morse code at a meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science at Oxford University
  • 1897 The town of Anosimena is captured by French troops from Menabe defenders in Madagascar.
  • 1900 1st electric tram in Netherland (Leidseplein-Brouwersgracht)
  • 1901 SS Islander hits iceberg near Alaska & sinks killing 70
  • 1901 The first claimed powered flight, by Gustave Whitehead in his Number 21.
  • 1905 Ngindo-rebellion killed 5 RC German clergymen in East-Africa
  • 1907 "Ha-Tikva" adopted as official Zionist hymn
  • 1908 Race riot in Springfield Illinois
  • 1910 6th International Congress of Esperantists held in Washington, D.C.
  • 1911 General Leconte appointed temporary President of Haiti
  • 1911 United States Senate leaders begin to rotate the office of President pro tempore (for the time being) of the Senate among leading candidates to fill the vacancy left by William P. Frye's death.
  • 1912 2,500 US marines invade Nicaragua; US remains until 1925
  • 1914 British field marshal John French & Gen Wilson land in France
  • 1915 British transport Royal Edward sank by German U boat kills 1000
  • 1917 China declares war on Germany & Austria
  • 1919 Yankee Muddy Ruel hits into a triple-play
  • 1920 Little Entente formed by Czechoslovakia & Yugoslavia
  • 1921 Tannu Tuva, later Tuvinian People's Republic is established as a completely independent country (which is supported by Russia).
  • 1925 Mount Rushmore Monument first proposed
  • 1925 The original Hetch Hetchy Moccasin Powerhouse is completed and goes on line.
  • 1928 Ben Hecht & Charles MacArthur's "Front Page," premieres in NYC
  • 1929 Jewish Agency for Palestine forms
  • 1932 Philips makes 1 millionth radio
  • 1933 Jimmie Foxx hits for cycle & sets AL record with 9 RBIs
  • 1935 Social Security Act becomes law
  • 1936 Rainey Bethea is hanged in Owensboro, Kentucky in the last public execution in the United States.
  • 1937 China declares war on Japan
  • 1940 Dutch Premier De Geer vacations in Switzerland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 US President Franklin Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill issue the joint declaration that later becomes known as the Atlantic Charter

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Dwight D. Eisenhower named commander for invasion of North Africa

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1943 -Aug 24th: Quadrant conference over strike in Pacific Ocean
  • 1943 1st allied air raid on Borneo
  • 1943 US 45th Division occupies Falcone 40 km outside of Messina

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 British premier Winston Churchill arrives at Corsica

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1944 Operation Tractable: new Canadian offensive
  • 1944 Russian offensive at Weichsel

Victory in battleVictory over Japan Day

1945 V-J Day, Japan surrenders unconditionally to end WW II (also August 15 depending on time zone)

  • 1947 Mildred Babe Didrikson Zaharias gives up amateur status for $300,000
  • 1947 Pakistan gains independence from Great Britain
  • 1949 Military coup in Syria under colonel Sami Hinnawi
  • 1952 Mátyás Rákosi appointed premier of Hungary
  • 1958 Canadian Football League plays 1st game (Winnipeg 29, Edmonton 21)
  • 1958 Cleve Indian, Vic Power steals home twice in 1 game
  • 1958 KLM Superconstellation crashes west of Ireland, killing 99
  • 1960 UN peace-keeping troops deployed to the Republic of Congo
  • 1962 French & Italian workers break through at Mont Blanc Vehicular Tunnel
  • 1962 NASA civilian test pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 60,000 m
  • 1962 US mail truck in Plymouth, Mass robbed of more than $1.5 million
  • 1964 Egypt/Iraq/Jordan/Kuwait/Syria form common market
  • 1965 Continental Football League plays 1st games
  • 1965 Sonny & Cher's "I Got You Babe" hits #1
  • 1966 1st US lunar orbiter begins orbiting Moon
  • 1967 Belgian embassy in Kinshasa, Congo, plundered
  • 1967 British pirate radio station Radio 270 broadcast from an offshore lugger, is forced to close down
  • 1967 Radio Scotland & Radio Swinging Holland go off the air
  • 1968 Montreal Expos officially become a member of NL

Birthdays in History

  • 1297 Emperor Hanazono, Emperor of Japan (d. 1348)
  • 1473 Margaret Pole, 8th Countess of Salisbury, daughter of George, Duke of Clarence (d. 1541)
  • 1479 Princess Catherine of York (d. 1527)
  • 1552 Fra Paolo Sarpi, [Paulus Venetus], expert/philosopher
  • 1575 Robert Hayman, English-born poet (d. 1629)
  • 1586 William Hutchinson, Rhode Island colonist (d. 1642)
  • 1599 Méric Casaubon, English classical scholar (d. 1671)
  • 1625 François de Harlay de Champvallon, Archbishop of Paris (d. 1695)
  • 1626 Daniel Elsevier, book publisher/publisher
  • 1642 Cosimo III de' Medici, monarch of Florence (1670-1723)
  • 1653 Christopher Monck, 2nd Duke of Albemarle, English statesman (d. 1688)
  • 1687 Johan Willem Friso, prince of Orange/ruler (Nassau-Dietz) [NS]
  • 1688 Frederik Willem I, king of Prussia (bodyguard of giants)
  • 1714 Claude-Joseph Vernet, French painter
  • 1727 Henriette-Anne of France, daughter of king Louis XV (d. 1752)
  • 1727 Louise-Elisabeth of France, daughter of king Louis XV (d. 1759)
  • 1737 Charles Hutton, mathematician
  • 1740 Pius VII, [Luigi B Chiaramonti], bishop of Imola/Pope (1800-23)
  • 1742 Marie Allard, French ballerina (Auguste Vestris)
  • 1758 Carle [Antoine CH] Vernet, French painter/lithographer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1777 Hans Christian Oersted, Danish physicist and chemist (View of Chemical Law), born in Rudkøbing, Denmark (d. 1851)

Physicist/Chemist Hans Oersted
Physicist/Chemist
Hans Oersted
  • 1777 Francis I of the Two Sicilies (d. 1830)
  • 1784 Francesco Capaccini, Italian cardinal/diplomat
  • 1802 Letitia Elizabeth Landon, England, poet (Heath's Book of Beauty)
  • 1814 Henry Hayes Lockwood, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1899)
  • 1817 Alexander H. Bailey, American politician (d. 1874)
  • 1821 Clement Hoffman "Rock" Stevens, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1824 William Terry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1888)
  • 1836 Walter Besant, writer/philanthropist (Rebel Queen)
  • 1840 Baron Richard Freiherr von Krafft-Ebing, psychiatrist
  • 1842 Henry Duff Trail, journalist/author
  • 1847 Robert Comtesse, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1922)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1851 Doc Holliday, American gambler, dentist and gunfighter (Gunfight at the O.K. Corral), born in Griffin, Georgia (d. 1887)

Gunfighter in the American Old West Doc Holliday
Gunfighter in the American Old West
Doc Holliday
  • 1860 Ernest T Seton, naturalist/painter/author (Buffalo Wind-1938)
  • 1865 Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician (d. 1952)
  • 1866 Charles Jean de la Vallée-Poussin, Belgian mathematician (d. 1962)
  • 1867 John Galsworthy, England, author (Forsyte Saga-Nobel 1932)
  • 1874 Mustafa Kamil Pasha, Cairo Egypt, Egyptian lawyer, journalist, and nationalist activist
  • 1876 Alexander I Obrenovic, King of Serbia/Yugoslavia (1922-34)
  • 1876 Sibilla Aleramo, [Rina Faccio], Italian feminist/poet (Una Donna)
  • 1878 Harald Kidde, Danish writer (Aage og Else)
  • 1882 Gisela Richter, English art historian (d. 1972)
  • 1883 Ernest Everett Just, African-American embryologist known for his pioneering work in the physiology of development, especially fertilization and cell division, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1941)
  • 1901 James Pitman, Bath England, educator/publisher/phonetic speller
  • 1903 John Ringling North, circus director (Ringling Bros)
  • 1903 Ronald Stewart, CEO (London Brick Co)
  • 1905 Nicolas Cotoner y Cotoner, spanish courtier
  • 1908 Lady Jean Swaythling, chief controller (ATS)
  • 1911 Ethel Lois Payne, American civil rights journalist and "1st Lady of the Black Press", born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1911 Pieter Platteel, last governor Neth New-Guinea
  • 1912 Eva Strittmatter, writer
  • 1913 Fred Davis, English world champ snooker player (1948-49, 51)
  • 1914 Sydney Wooderson, miler (world record 1937)
  • 1915 Lord Mishcon, economist
  • 1915 B.A. Santamaria, Australian political activist and journalist (d. 1998)
  • 1916 Andrew Kay, surgeon/professor of surgery (U of Glasgow)
  • 1921 Giorgio Strehler, theatre director
  • 1926 Alice Adams, US author
  • 1927 Lord Whaddon, CEO (Daltrade & Skorimpex-Rind)
  • 1928 Laurentius L M [Laurens] van Deenen, (pathed)physiologist
  • 1929 Hewlett Thompson, Bishop of Exeter
  • 1929 Louise M Slaughter, (Rep-D-New York)
  • 1929 Oliver Neville, principal (Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts)
  • 1930 Gerald B H Solomon, (Rep-R-New York, 1979- )
  • 1930 Lord Chorley, mountaineering enthusiast
  • 1931 Frederic Raphael, writer (After the War, California Time)
  • 1931 Marylyn Roberts, librarian/founding member (WIC)
  • 1932 Dom Philip Jebb, headmaster (Downside School Great Britain)
  • 1932 James V Hansen, (Rep-R-Utah, 1981- )
  • 1932 Lee Hoffman, American author (d. 2007)
  • 1933 Richard R. Ernst, Swiss chemist and Nobel Prize Laureate
  • 1933 Bryce Courtenay, Johannesburg, South Africa, Australian novelist (The Power of One), (d. 2012)
  • 1934 Robin McLaren, British ambassador (China)
  • 1938 Niara Sudarkasa, [Gloria M Clark], educator/pres (Lincoln College)
  • 1938 Stuart McKinnon, high court judge
  • 1943 Jon Andrew McBride, Charleston WV, Capt USN/astronaut (STS 41G)
  • 1943 Keith Hampson, British politician (C), arrested, not charged for sexual assault, born in
  • 1945 Jennifer d'Abo, CEO (Ryman, Moyses Stevens)
  • 1945 Wim Wenders, West German director (American Friend, Hammett)
  • 1946 Alexander Curly, [Harm Breemer], Dutch artist
  • 1946 Marga van Praag, Dutch radio hostess
  • 1947 Danielle Steel, author (Rememberance, Zoya, Star, Daddy), born in NYC, New York
  • 1949 John Tarrant, Tasmania, 1st Australian born Zen teacher

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1950 Gary Larson, cartoonist (Far Side), born in Tacoma, Washington

Cartoonist Gary Larson
Cartoonist
Gary Larson
  • 1952 Mark C Lee, Viroqua WI, Mjr USAF/astronaut (STS 30, 47, 64, 82, sk: 98)
  • 1953 Cliff Johnson, American computer game author
  • 1954 Monica Baltodano, Leon, Nicaragua, Nicaraguan Sandinista Revolution commander
  • 1962 Mark Robert Isfeld, combat engineer
  • 1964 Brannon Braga, American scriptwriter
  • 1965 Lynette Falls, Ridgewood NJ, Miss NJ-America-1991
  • 1968 Billy Mavreas, Greek-Canadian cartoonist
  • 1969 DJ Uncle Al, American hip-hop DJ (d. 2001)
  • 1972 Jay Manuel, Canadian make-up artist

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1756 Frontiersman Daniel Boone (21) weds Rebecca Bryan (17) in Yadkin River, North Carolina

Frontiersman Daniel Boone
Frontiersman
Daniel Boone
  • 1956 Writer Iris Murdoch (37) marries academic John Bayley (31)
  • 1993 Dr William Masters (78) weds college sweetheart Geraldine Oliver (76)
  • 1993 Shari Beadley weds Christopher Martin (Kid 'n Play)

Deaths in History

  • 582 Tiberius II Constantine, Byzantine Emperor
  • 1167 Raynald van Dassel, archbishop of Cologne, dies
  • 1204 Minamoto no Yoriie, Japanese shogun (b. 1182)
  • 1390 John FitzAlan, 2nd Baron Arundel, English soldier (b. 1364)
  • 1433 Johan I, king of Portugal (1383-1433), dies at 76
  • 1573 Saitō Tatsuoki, Japanese warlord (b. 1548)
  • 1652 Abraham Elsevier, book publisher/publisher, dies at 60
  • 1691 Richard Talbot, 1st Earl of Tyrconnel, Irish rebel (b. 1630)
  • 1704 Roland Laporte, French Protestant leader (b. 1675)
  • 1774 Johann Jakob Reiske, German physician (b. 1716)
  • 1784 Nathaniel Hone, Irish-born painter (b. 1718)
  • 1785 John William Fletcher, evangelist, dies
  • 1794 George Colman, the Elder, playwright, dies
  • 1833 Luigi Cagnola, architect, dies
  • 1844 Henry Francis Cary, translator (Dante), dies
  • 1856 William Buckland, dean (Westminster)/geologist, dies
  • 1856 Constant Prévost, French geologist (b. 1787)
  • 1858 George Combe, phrenologist, dies
  • 1860 André Marie Constant Duméril, French zoologist (b. 1774)
  • 1863 Colin Campbell, British officer (Cawnpore), dies at 70

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1870 David Farragut, American Admiral ("Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!"), dies at 69

US Civil War Admiral David Farragut
US Civil War Admiral
David Farragut
  • 1874 Jonathan Clarkson Gibbs, American politician (b. 1821)
  • 1884 Arnoldus Pannevis, South African shipping agent/linguist, dies at 46
  • 1887 Richard Jeffries, English naturalist and essayist, dies of tuberculosis at 38
  • 1905 Mohammed Abdoe, Egyptian writing expert (Al'Oerwah al-Woethka), dies
  • 1905 Simeon Solomon, British artist (b. 1840)
  • 1922 Alfred CW Harmsworth, 1st viscount Northcliffe/newspaper magnate, dies
  • 1923 Jacob T Cremer, pres (Dutch Handel-Mij), dies at 76
  • 1926 John H. Moffitt, American politician (b. 1843)
  • 1928 Klabund, [Alfred Henschke], German writer (Spuk/Rasputin), dies at 37
  • 1936 Rainey Bethea, hanged, last US public execution
  • 1937 Sapper, British soldier, novelist (Bull-Dog Drummond), dies at 48
  • 1941 Josef Jakobs, German spy, executed in Tower of London
  • 1941 Saint Maximilian Kolbe, Polish martyr (b. 1894)
  • 1949 Husni al-Barazi, premier of Syria, shot to death
  • 1949 Husni el-Zaim, president/dictator of Syria, shot to death

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1951 William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper publisher (San Francisco Examiner, Seattle P-I), dies at 88

Newspaper Publisher William Randolph Hearst
Newspaper Publisher
William Randolph Hearst

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1954 Hugo Eckener, German inventor and commander of the famous Graf Zeppelin during its record-setting flights, dies at 86

Inventor and Zeppelin Commander Hugo Eckener
Inventor and Zeppelin Commander
Hugo Eckener
  • 1955 Fiske Kimball, US architect/art historian, dies at 66
  • 1955 Herbert Putnam, Librarian of Congress (b. 1861)
  • 1956 Bertold Brecht, German poet and playwright (Mother Courage), dies at 58
  • 1956 Freiherr Constantine von Neurath, German foreign min (1932-38), dies
  • 1958 Frederic Joliot-Curie, French nuclear physicist (Nobel 1936), dies
  • 1958 Gladys L Presley, mom of Elvis, dies at 46
  • 1958 Mary Ritter Beard, American historian, dies at 82
  • 1958 Konstantin von Neurath, German diplomat (b.1873)
  • 1961 Clarke Ashton Smith, sci-fi author (Lost Worlds), dies at 68
  • 1961 Henri-Edouard-Prosper Breuil, priest/archaeologist, dies
  • 1963 Clifford Odets, US playwright (Golden Boy), dies at 57
  • 1965 Jan van Nijlen, Flemish poet/writer (Walk at Dawn), dies
  • 1969 Leonard Sidney Woolf, English publisher/writer, dies at 88
  • 1971 Georg von Opel, German auto manufacturer, dies at 59
  • 1972 Jules Romains, French novelist (Death of Nobody), dies at 86
  • 1974 Raymond Budd, South African trade unionist
  • 1975 Joris Baers, Flemish bibliographer (founder Boekengids), dies at 87
  • 1978 Nicolas Bentley, British writer (b. 1907)
  • 1982 Thruston B. Morton, American republican politician (Sen-Ky, 1957-69), dies at 74
  • 1984 John Boynton Priestley, English, stagewriter (Magicians), dies at 89
  • 1984 Tigran Petroshan, Russian chess grand master, dies at 55
  • 1992 Alexander Rosemeier, Indonesian/Dutch painter, dies at 104
  • 1992 Flora Benson, American wife of Ezra Taft Benson, President of the Mormon Church, dies at 91

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1992 John Sirica, US federal judge (Watergate hearings), dies at 88

US Federal Judge John Sirica
US Federal Judge
John Sirica
  • 1992 Marion P Ames, US, advocate/activist, dies
  • 1994 Bill Cowley, creator (Lyke Wake Walk), dies at 78
  • 1994 Elias Canetti, Bulgaria/British author (Nobel 1981), dies at 89
  • 1994 Joan Harrison, English producer/Alfred Hitchcock's sect, dies at 83
  • 1994 Patrick Meehan, Scottish petty criminal, wrongly convicted of murder, dies at 67
  • 1994 Tom Greenshields, sculptor, dies at 79
  • 1994 Alice Childress, American playwright, actress and writer, dies at 77
  • 1995 Joseph Fattorini, businessman, dies at 82
  • 1996 Uzo Egonu, painter/print maker, dies at 64
  • 2000 Alain Fournier, French-born computer graphics researcher (b. 1943)
  • 2004 Trevor Skeet, New Zealand-born British politician (b. 1918)
  • 2004 Czesław Miłosz, Polish-born writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1911)
  • 2010 Herman Leonard, American photographer (b. 1923)
  • 2010 Tahar Wattar, Algerian novelist (b. 1936)