On This Day in History for August 16

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 120

  • 1384 Hongwu Emperor of Ming China, Emperor Dong, hears case of couple who tore money bills while fighting over them (equal to act of destroying stamped government documents - law necessitated 100 floggings). Hongwu Emperor decides to pardon them.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1513 Battle of the Spurs at Guinegate (now Eguinegatte): Henry VIII of England and Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I beat France

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1570 King Janos Sigismund Zapolyai signs secret treaty with Maximilian II
  • 1625 Earnest Casimir of Nassau-Dietz appointed viceroy of Drenthe
  • 1691 Yorktown, Virginia founded
  • 1717 Prince Eugenius of Savoye occupies Belgrade
  • 1748 "Geldermalsen" sails to East-Indies
  • 1777 American militiamen defeat British forces at the Battle of Bennington near Vermont, during the American Revolutionary War
  • 1780 British decisively defeat Americans in Battle of Camden, SC
  • 1787 Turkey declares war on Russia (Russo-Turkish War 1787-92)
  • 1794 Hungarian revolutionary Ignác Martinovics arrested in Vienna
  • 1797 Comet C/1797 P1 (Bouvard-Herschel) approaches 0.0879 AUs of Earth
  • 1812 General Hull surrenders Detroit & Michigan territory to British forces

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1812 British forces under the command of Major General Sir Isaac Brock capture Fort Detroit with the help of Indigenous warriors led by Tecumseh

Native American Leader of the Shawnee Tecumseh
Native American Leader of the Shawnee
Tecumseh
British Army Officer and Administrator Isaac Brock
British Army Officer and Administrator
Isaac Brock
  • 1819 Peterloo Massacre, Manchester, England: cavalry charges demonstrators.15 people killed and 400–700 injured
  • 1829 Siamese twins Chang & Eng Bunker arrive in Boston to be exhibited

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1834 Charles Darwin climbs Mt Campana in Chile

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1858 Britain's Queen Victoria telegraphs US President James Buchanan

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
15th US President James Buchanan
15th US President
James Buchanan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 President Abraham Lincoln prohibits Union states from trading with Confederacy

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1861 Skirmishes at Fredericktown/Kirkville, Missouri
  • 1863 Chickamauga campaign GA
  • 1864 Federal assault on 4th day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia
  • 1864 Palace for People's industry official opens in Amsterdam
  • 1865 Restoration Day in the Dominican Republic: The Dominican Republic regains its independence after 4 years of fighting against the Spanish Annexation.
  • 1869 Battle of Acosta Ñu: A Paraguay battalion made up of children is massacred by the Brazilian Army during the War of the Triple Alliance.
  • 1870 Fred Goldsmith demonstrates curve ball isn't an optical illusion

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1880 The French state commissions sculptor Auguste Rodin for a large sculpted doorway 'The Gates of Hell' for the proposed Musée des Arts Décoratifs

Sculptor Auguste Rodin
Sculptor
Auguste Rodin
  • 1882 British under General Wolseley land in Alexandria
  • 1890 Alexander Clark, journalist/lawyer, named minister to Liberia

BattleBattle of Interest

1891 President Benjamin Harrison attends the dedication of the Bennington Battle Monument in Bennington, Vermont

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • 1894 Indian chiefs from the Sioux & Onondaga tribes met to urge their people to renounce Christianity & return to their old Indian faith
  • 1896 Gold first discovered in Klondike, found at Bonanza Creek, Alaska by George Carmack
  • 1898 Edwin Prescott patents roller coaster
  • 1903 Tigers play a home game in Toledo Ohio, Yanks win 12-8
  • 1904 NYC begins building Grand Central Station
  • 1905 Mbunga-rebellion occupy German post Ifakara East-Africa
  • 1906 -17] 8.6 earthquake destroys Valparaiso Chile, fire kills 20,000
  • 1907 Mulay Hafid is proclaimed the Sultan of Morocco by supporters leading to civil war; Mulay is supported by Germany while France supports the existing Sultan
  • 1908 The Committee of Union and Progress, 'The Young Turks', announces a program for reforms and respect for the rights of all within the Ottoman Empire, regardless of race or religion
  • 1913 Tōhoku Imperial University of Japan (modern day Tōhoku University) admits its first female students.
  • 1914 German army occupies last fort at Liege, Belgian general Leman caught
  • 1914 Zapata & Pancho Villa over run Mexico
  • 1914 World War I: Battle of Cer begins.
  • 1915 KC's Alex Main no-hits Buffalo (Federal League), 5-0
  • 1918 US troops overrun at Archangelsk by Bolshevik troops
  • 1921 Members of the Dail (parliament) swear allegiance to the Irish Republic at their first meeting, held at Dublin House
  • 1922 AT&T radio station WBAY becomes WEAF (NYC)
  • 1924 Conference about German recovery payments opens in London
  • 1924 Dutch-Turkish peace treaty signed
  • 1930 1st British Empire Games open in Hamilton, Canada
  • 1934 US ends occupation of Haiti (been there since 1915)
  • 1934 US explorer William Beebe descends 3,028' (923 m) in Bathysphere
  • 1940 45 German aircrafts shot down over England
  • 1941 HMS Mercury, Royal Navy Signals School and Combined Signals School opens at Leydene, near Petersfield, Hampshire, England.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 British Premier Winston Churchill travels back to Cairo from Moscow

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1943 1st Long Tom bombs on Italian mainland (from Sicily)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Bulgarian Tsar Boris III visits Adolf Hitler

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1944 2nd Canadian Division occupies Falaise, Normandy
  • 1944 Dutch begin diplomatic contact with Vatican in London
  • 1944 US 15th Army corp reaches Eure, surrounds Dreux
  • 1944 First flight of the Junkers Ju 287.
  • 1945 Puyi, the last Chinese Emperor and ruler of Manchukuo is captured by Soviet troops
  • 1946 Direct Action Day: Widespread riots erupt in Calcutta between Muslims and Hindus over whether Pakistan should be a separate state, killing over 4,000 and leaving 100,000 homeless
  • 1947 Ralph Kiner becomes 1st Pirate to hit 3 consecutive HRs
  • 1948 Arabs blow up Latrun pumping station in Jerusalem
  • 1948 Israeli pound becomes legal tender
  • 1950 West Indies complete historic 3-1 series win against England
  • 1953 Shah of Persia & princess Soraya flee to Baghdad & Rome
  • 1954 200 pilgrims drown in Farahzad Iran rain storm flood
  • 1955 Fiat Motors orders 1st private atomic reactor
  • 1956 Adlai E Stevenson nominated as US Democratic presidential candidate
  • 1956 Indians' Rocky Colavito hits his 1st grand slam, Cleveland 5, Tigers 4
  • 1959 USSR introduces installment buying
  • 1960 Britain grants independence to crown colony of Cyprus
  • 1960 Joseph Kittinger parachutes from balloon at 31,330 m (84,700')
  • 1960 Republic of Congo (Zaire, Dem Rep of Congo) forms
  • 1961 250,000 West Berliners demonstrate against East Berlin
  • 1961 Martin L King protests for black voting right in Miami
  • 1963 Independence is restored to Dominican Republic
  • 1964 St Louis Card Curt Flood gets 8 straight hits in a doubleheader
  • 1971 Over 8,000 workers go on strike in Derry, Northern Ireland, in protest at the introduction of Internment (allowing suspected terrorists to be indefinitely detained without trial)
  • 1972 Morocco King Hassan II's B727 shot during failed coup attempt by General Mohamed Oufkir. Reportedly, King Hassan grabbed the radio and told the rebel pilots "Stop firing! The tyrant is dead!", fooling pilots to break off attack
  • 1972 Philip Potter appointed sect-gen of World council of Churches
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1975 Peter Gabriel quits Genesis
  • 1977 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1977 Yanks blow 9-4 lead in 9th but beat Chicago 11-10 in bottom of 9th
  • 1980 Cozy Powell quits Rainbow
  • 1980 Jools Holland quits band Squeeze
  • 1984 Sunken liner Andrea Doria's safe opened
  • 1984 LA federal jury acquits auto maker John Z DeLorean on cocaine charges
  • 1984 Largest harness racing purse ($2,161,000-Nihilator wins $1,080,500)
  • 1984 NASA launches Ampte
  • 1986 Sudan rebels shoot a Fokker's F-27 down, 57 killed
  • 1986 "Papa Don't Preach" goes #1 for 2 weeks
  • 1987 Astrological Harmonic Convergence-Dawn of New Age
  • 1987 Northwest Airlines 255 plane crashes in Detroit, 156 die (1 lives)
  • 1988 Butch Reynolds runs world record 400 m (43.29)
  • 1988 IBM introduces software for artificial intelligence
  • 1988 Mayor Koch says he plans to wipe out street-corner windshield washers

Birthdays in History

  • 1355 Philippa Plantagenet, Countess of Ulster
  • 1378 Hongxi Emperor of China (d. 1425)
  • 1397 Albrecht II von Habsburg, king of Bohemia/Hungary/Germany
  • 1401 Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut, dauphine of France (d. 1436)
  • 1550 Carolus Gallus, [Karel de Haan], Dutch lawyer/pastor/vicar
  • 1557 Agostino Carracci, Italian artist (d. 1602)
  • 1573 Anna of Austria, queen of Poland (d. 1598)
  • 1596 Frederick V, Elector Palatine (d. 1632)
  • 1622 Tsjerk H de Vries, fleet guardian
  • 1637 Emilie Juliane of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, German countess and poet (d. 1706)
  • 1645 Jean de La Bruyère, French writer (d. 1696)
  • 1650 Vincenzo Coronelli, Italian cartographer and encylopedist (d. 1718)
  • 1666 Henriette Amalia, monarch of Nassau-Dietz
  • 1682 Louis, duc de Bourgogne, heir-apparent to the French throne (d. 1712)
  • 1815 John Bosco, Italian priest and educator (d. 1888)
  • 1817 Henry Winter Davis, MC (Union), (d. 1865)
  • 1820 Andrew Rainsford Wetmore, Canadian politician (d. 1892)
  • 1828 Joseph Bradford Carr, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1831 Edward Payson Chapin, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1863)
  • 1831 John Jones Ross, Quebec politician (d. 1901)
  • 1832 Wilhelm Wundt, German physiologist/psychologist/philosopher
  • 1837 Emile A H Seipgens, Dutch priest/beer brewer
  • 1842 Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (d. 1922)
  • 1845 Gabriel Lippmann, French physicist
  • 1846 Justus van Maurik, Dutch cigar manufacturer/writer/editor (Groene)
  • 1858 Arthur Achleitner, German writer (d. 1927)
  • 1860 Jules Laforgue, Uruguay, French poet (Les Complaintas)
  • 1862 Amos Alonzo Stagg, football pioneer, inventor (tackling dummy)
  • 1864 Ferdinand C S Schiller, British philosopher (Riddles of the Sphinx)
  • 1867 Antonio Nobre, Portuguese poet (Lonely)
  • 1868 Bernarr McFadden, American physical culture advocate, credited with beginning the culture of health and fitness in the United States, born in Mill Spring, Missouri (d. 1955)
  • 1876 Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator (d. 1942)
  • 1882 Pierre H Ritter Jr, Dutch literary/head (Utrecht Newspaper)
  • 1884 Adrian S Oppenheim, Dutch lawyer/adviser (British Petroleum/Shell)
  • 1884 Hugo Gernsback, sci-fi writer (1960 Hugo)
  • 1884 Walther von Reichenau, German field marshal (d. 1942)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1888 T. E. Lawrence [Lawrence of Arabia], British author, soldier and diplomat famous for his liaison role in Arabia during WWI, born in Tremadog, Caernarfonshire, Wales (d. 1935)

Soldier and Writer T. E. Lawrence
Soldier and Writer
T. E. Lawrence
  • 1892 Harold Foster, cartoonist (created "Prince Valiant")
  • 1892 Otto Messmer, American cartoonist (d. 1983)
  • 1894 George Meany, labor leader (headed AFL-CIO), born in NYC, New York (d. 1980)
  • 1895 Albert Cohen, Swiss novelist (d. 1981)
  • 1896 (or the 17th) Tina Modotti, Udine Italy, Italian artist and activist
  • 1897 Robert Ringling, circus master
  • 1902 Georgette Heyer, English novelist (Friday's Child)
  • 1904 Wendell Stanley, biochemist, 1st to crystallize a virus (Nobel 1946)
  • 1906 Franz Josef II, prince of Liechtenstein (1938-89)
  • 1908 William Maxwell, American novelist and editor (d. 2000)
  • 1912 Marga AM Klompe, 1st Netherland woman elected minister

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1913 Menachem Begin, Israeli Prime Minister (1977-83, Nobel 1978), born in Brest, Belarus (d. 1992)

Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin
Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin
  • 1922 Louis Lomax, African-American author and journalist, born in Valdosta, Georgia (d. 1970)
  • 1923 Joe Hutton, northumbrian piper/shepherd
  • 1923 Millôr Fernandes, Brazilian playwright
  • 1931 Forrest E. Mars Jr., Candy Manufacturer (Mars), born in Oak Park, Illinois (d. 2016)
  • 1932 Jon Lindbergh, 2nd son of aviator Charles Lindbergh
  • 1933 Jan van Ginkel, graphic artist/publisher (Perscombinatie)
  • 1933 Reiner Kunze, German writer (The Lovely Years), born in Oelsnitz, Saxony
  • 1933 Stuart A "Smokey" Roosa, Durango Colo, Col USAF/astronaut (Apollo 14)
  • 1934 Diana Wynne Jones, UK, sci-fi author (Drowned Ammet, Witch Week)
  • 1934 Ed van Thijn, (Jewish) Dutch foreign min/mayor (Amsterdam, 1983-94)
  • 1937 Andrew J[efferson V] Offutt, US, sci-fi author (Undying Wizard)
  • 1937 David Anderson, Canadian politician
  • 1938 Oleg Grigoryevich Kononenko, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1939 Valeri V Ryumin, cosmonaut (Soyuz 25, 32)
  • 1939 Wim Meijer, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • 1939 Sir Trevor Mcdonald, Trinidadian-born British television newsreader
  • 1940 Bruce Beresford, Austral director (Driving Miss Daisy, Tender Mercies)
  • 1942 John Meulendijks, Dutch cryptogram maker (People's Daily)
  • 1944 Dick Zimmer, (Rep-R-New Jersey)
  • 1945 Suzanne Farrell, ballerina (Don Quioxote), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1946 Massoud Barzani, Iraqi Kurdish politician
  • 1947 Carol Moseley-Braun, (Sen-D Illinois)
  • 1947 John Howard, (US), speed record (152.284 mph at Bonneville Flats, UT)
  • 1948 Pierre Reid, Canadian politician and teacher
  • 1950 Stockwell Day, Canadian politician
  • 1951 Richard Hunt, American puppeteer (d. 1992)
  • 1953 Kathie Lee Gifford, Paris Fla, hostess (Live with Regis & Kathie Lee)
  • 1958 Peter "Jeff" K Wisoff, Norfolk VA, PhD/Astronaut (STS 57, 68, 81/84)
  • 1967 Pamela Smart, American convicted murderess
  • 1976 Dave Ockun, American concert producer
  • 1979 Michael Stahlman, American rower and coach
  • 1988 Rumer Willis, child of Bruce Willis & Demi Moore

Weddings in History

  • 1290 Charles van Valois weds Margaretha van Anjou
  • 1477 Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor, weds Mary of Burgundy, the heiress to the Duchy of Burgundy in Ghent, Belgium

HeartWedding of Interest

1946 Famous ballet choreographer George Balanchine (42) weds ballerina Maria Tallchief (21)

Ballet Choreographer George Balanchine
Ballet Choreographer
George Balanchine
Ballerina Maria Tallchief
Ballerina
Maria Tallchief
  • 2011 Fashion designer Michael Kors (51) weds Lance LePere in Southampton, New York

Deaths in History

  • 1027 Giorgi I, King of Georgia (b. 998)
  • 1297 John II of Trebizond (b. 1262)
  • 1327 Roch, French saint (b. 1295)
  • 1358 Duke Albert II of Austria (b. 1298)
  • 1419 Wenceslaus, King of the Romans, King of Bohemia (b. 1361)
  • 1443 Ashikaga Yoshikatsu, Japanese shogun (b. 1434)
  • 1445 Margaret of Scotland (Dauphine of France), wife of the future King Louis XI (b. 1424)
  • 1508 Henry van Stolberg & Wernigerode, Ger viceroy of Friesland, dies at 41
  • 1532 John the Steadfast, Elector of Saxony (b. 1468)
  • 1603 Silvio Antoniano, Italian cardinal/theologist (Tre libri), dies at 62
  • 1661 Thomas Fuller, English prime minister, dies at 53
  • 1675 Bogdan Chmilnicki, cosack leader/murderer of 300,000 Jews, dies
  • 1678 Andrew Marvell, English poet (Definition of Love), ODs at 57
  • 1705 Jean/Jacobus Bernouilli, Swiss mathematician, dies at 50
  • 1733 Matthew Tindal, English deist (b. 1657)
  • 1738 Joe Miller, English comic, dies
  • 1791 Charles-François de Broglie, marquis de Ruffec, French soldier and diplomat (b. 1719)
  • 1807 Claude C Saunier, French furniture maker, dies at about 72
  • 1836 Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (b. 1755)
  • 1854 Duncan Phyfe, furniture maker, dies
  • 1855 Henry Colburn, British publisher ( Pepys's Diary) (b. 1784)
  • 1864 John Randolph Chambliss Jr, planter/Confederate, dies in battle at 31
  • 1886 Swami Ramakrishna, Indies philosopher, dies at 50

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1888 John Pemberton, American pharmacist (inventor of Coca-Cola), dies of stomach cancer at 55

Pharmacist John Pemberton
Pharmacist
John Pemberton
  • 1893 Jean-Martin Charcot, French neurologist (b. 1825)
  • 1894 Herman van der Tuuk, Dutch linguist (Toba Batak grammar), dies at 70

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1899 Robert Bunsen, German chemist who invented the Bunsen Burner, dies at 88

Chemist Robert Bunsen
Chemist
Robert Bunsen
  • 1900 José Maria de Eça de Queirós, Portuguese writer, dies at 54
  • 1907 James Hector, Scottish geologist (b. 1834)
  • 1920 J Norman Lockyer, English physicist (discovered helium in Sun), dies
  • 1921 Peter I Karadjordjevic, king of Serbia/Yugoslavia, dies [or 8/26]
  • 1938 Andrej Hlinka, Slovak politician and priest (b. 1864)
  • 1945 Takijiro Ohnishi, led Japanese kamikaze pilots (harakiri), dies
  • 1946 Herman Harrell Horne, philosopher (idealism)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1949 Margaret Mitchell, US writer (Gone With the Wind), dies at 48

  • 1952 Lydia Field Emmet, American painter (b. 1866)
  • 1957 Irving Langmuir, American chemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1881)
  • 1959 William "Bull" F Halsey, US vice-admiral (WW II Pacific), dies
  • 1961 Maulvi Abdul Haq, Father of Modern Urdu (b. 1870)
  • 1973 Selman A Waksman, Russian/US microbiology (Nobel 1952), dies at 85
  • 1974 Karl E Mundt, (Rep/Sen), dies
  • 1978 Alidius WL Tjarda van Stachouwer, gov-gen of Neth Indies, dies at 90

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1979 John Diefenbaker, 13th Prime Minister of Canada (Conservative: 1957-63), dies at 83

13th Prime Minister of Canada John Diefenbaker
13th Prime Minister of Canada
John Diefenbaker
  • 1986 Jaime Saenz, Bolivian poet, novelist, and short story writer (b. 1921)
  • 1991 Shamu the Whale, dies of respiratory failure at 16
  • 1991 Stuart Karl, CEO (Karl Home Video), dies at 38 of skin cancer
  • 1993 Irene Sharaff, US costume designer (Cleopatra, Can-can), dies at 83
  • 1993 Joseph Towers, US pilot, dies
  • 1994 Earnest Pawel, Polish/US author (Nightmare of Reason), dies at 74
  • 1994 Frits de Knight, photographer, dies of AIDS at 40
  • 1994 Henry Geldzahler, US critic, dies
  • 1995 John Priestly McCartjy, detroit DJ, dies at 62
  • 1996 Robert Lynn, anarchist, dies at 72
  • 2002 Abu Nidal, Palestinian political leader (b. 1937)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2003 Idi Amin, Ugandan dictator (1971-79) who killed an estimated 100,000 to 500,000 people, dies of kidney failure aged between 75-80

Ugandan Dictator Idi Amin
Ugandan Dictator
Idi Amin
  • 2004 Carl Mydans, American photographer (b. 1907)
  • 2005 Joe Ranft, American animator (b. 1960)
  • 2005 Frère Roger, Swiss monk and mystic (b. 1915)
  • 2005 William Corlett, English children's writer(b. 1938)
  • 2006 Alex Buzo, Australian playwright and author (b. 1944)
  • 2006 Herschel Green, American pilot (b. 1920)
  • 2006 Alfredo Stroessner, President of Paraguay (b. 1912)
  • 2007 Bahaedin Adab, Iranian MP (b. 1945)
  • 2015 Jacob Bekenstein, American-Israeli theoretical physicist (Bekenstein-Hawking radiation), dies of a heart attack at 68
  • 2016 João Havelange, Brazilian industrialist and FIFA President 1974-98, dies at 100
  • 2016 John McLaughlin, TV commentator (McLaughlin Group) and Nixon aide, dies at 89