On This Day in History for August 17

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 146

  • 682 St Leo II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1180 Yoritomo Minamoto leads uprising against Kiyomori Taira who installed his grandson, Emperor Antoku, to the throne
  • 1544 Imperial/English armies occupy Saint-Dizier France
  • 1563 King Charles IX of France declared an adult at 13
  • 1577 Peace of Bergerac: Political rights for Huguenots

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1579 Francois of Anjou visits English Queen Elizabeth I

Queen of England and Ireland Elizabeth I
Queen of England and Ireland
Elizabeth I
  • 1585 Antwerp surrenders after 8 months siege by Duke of Parma
  • 1590 John White returns to Roanoke, NC to find no trace of colonists he had left there 3 years earlier [or Aug 18, 1591]
  • 1590 The Governor of Roanoke Island colony, John White, returns from England to find everyone in the colony has disappeared.
  • 1648 -20] Battle at Preston, Lancashire: Henry Ireton beats Scottish
  • 1717 France, Russia & Prussia sign agreement
  • 1743 Sweden & Russia sign peace treaty
  • 1787 Jews are granted permission in Budapest Hungary to pray in groups
  • 1788 Losantville, Ohio (now Cincinnati) founded
  • 1795 Slave revolt at Knip plantation, Curacao
  • 1796 British beat Batavian navy in Saldanha Bay, South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807 Robert Fulton's steamboat Clermont begins 1st trip up Hudson River

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1808 Napoleon asks King Louis for Holland brigade towards Spain

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1819 The Church Missionary Society establishes New Zealand's second mission station at Kerikeri
  • 1827 Dutch King Willem I/Pope Leo XII sign concord

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1834 Charles Darwin reaches top of Campana Chile during his Voyage on the Beagle

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1835 Solymon Merrick patents wrench
  • 1836 British parliament accepts registration of births, marriages and deaths
  • 1836 Charles Darwin leaves South America for last time on HMS Beagle
  • 1846 Commodore Robert F Stockton, US Navy, annexes California
  • 1858 1st bank in Hawaii opens
  • 1859 1st air mail (in a balloon) took off from Lafayette, Indiana
  • 1862 Confederate troops under Kirby Smith enter Kentucky
  • 1863 Federal batteries & ships attacked Fort Sumter in SC
  • 1869 1st international boat race (River Thames, Oxford beats Harvard)
  • 1870 1st ascent of Mt Rainier, Washington
  • 1870 Mrs Esther Morris becomes 1st US woman magistrate (South Pass, Wyoming)
  • 1877 Asaph Hall discovers Mars' moon Phobos
  • 1879 Ferdinand de Lesseps forms French Panama Canal Company
  • 1883 The first public performance of the Dominican Republic's national anthem, Himno Nacional.
  • 1891 1st public bathhouse with showers opens in NYC (People's Bath)
  • 1891 Electric self-starter for automobile patented
  • 1892 Russian/French generals Obruchev/Boisdeffre signs Double Alliance
  • 1894 Phils get 36 hits, Sam Thompson hits for cycle beating Louisville 29-4
  • 1897 W B Purvis patents electric railway switch (aka points)
  • 1901 The Royal Titles Act adds the words 'and the British Dominions beyond the Seas' to the monarch's style
  • 1903 Joe Pulitzer donates $1 million to Columbia University & begins the Pulitzer Prizes in America
  • 1904 George H Reid succeeds John Watson as Prime Minister of Australia
  • 1905 Dutch government of De Master begins
  • 1907 Bishop forbids Christian membership of Dutch Textile Union
  • 1908 B Tarkington & HL Wilson's "Man from Home" premieres in NYC
  • 1908 Bank of Italy (now Bank of America) opens new HQ at Clay & Montgomery, San Francisco
  • 1914 French troops under gen de Castelnau occupy Chateau Salins
  • 1915 German troops over run Kovno, Lithuania
  • 1915 Hurricane strikes Galveston, Texas (275 killed)
  • 1915 Mob lynches Jewish businessman Leo Frank in Cobb County, Georgia, after death sentence for murder of 13-year-old girl commuted to life
  • 1916 Bulgarian offensive in Macedonia
  • 1917 Italy declares war on Turkey
  • 1918 British troops attack Baku, Azerbaijan
  • 1918 Samuel Riddle buys Man o'War for $5,000
  • 1918 Turkish troops overthrow Caukasus
  • 1918 Bolshevik revolutionary leader Moisei Uritsky is assassinated
  • 1924 French-German trade agreement signed
  • 1926 Greek-Serbian/Croatian/Slavs peace treaty signed
  • 1933 Soviet Union test GIRD-R1 rocket ("Object 09")
  • 1938 1st aircraft owned by US Forest Service in service (Oakland)

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1940 FDR & Canadian PM William M King agree to joint defense commission

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Hitler orders total blockade of Great Britain

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1941 German raider attacks Dutch SS Kota Nopan
  • 1942 Task Force 17 leaves Pearl Harbor under Admiral George Murray on USS Hornet
  • 1942 Transport #20 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1942 US 8th Air Force bombers stage first independent raid on Europe, attack Rouen, France
  • 1943 498 British bombers attack Peenemunde (development base for the V weapons)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Gen Patton enters Messina, completing conquest of Sicily by Allies

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • 1943 US 8th Air Force loses 60 B-17s during attack on Schweinfurt and Regensburg
  • 1944 4th Canadian Armoured division occupiers Trun, Normandy
  • 1944 Canadian 2nd division conquers Falaise, Normandy
  • 1944 German field marshal Walter Model replaces Günther von Kluge in Normandy
  • 1944 Soviet troops arrive at Austria-Prussia border
  • 1944 US 12 Army Corps occupies Orleans
  • 1944 US 320th regiment infantry occupies Châteaudun
  • 1944 Yanks Johnny Lindell ties record with 4 consecutive doubles in a game

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 Sukarno and Mohammad Hatta declare Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) independent from the Netherlands

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • 1945 Korea is divided into North and South Korea along the 38th parallel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 George Orwell publishes "Animal Farm" in the United Kingdom

  • 1947 The Radcliffe Line, the border between Union of India and Dominion of Pakistan is revealed
  • 1948 Alger Hiss denies ever being a Communist agent
  • 1948 Tom Henrich hits his then record tying 4th grand slam of season
  • 1950 Indonesia gains independence from Netherlands
  • 1951 Hurricane winds drive 6 ships ashore, Kingston, Jamaica
  • 1952 "Fallout" 1st used (NY Times)
  • 1953 Addiction: First meeting of Narcotics Anonymous in Southern California.
  • 1955 Hurricane Diane, following hurricane Connie floods Connecticut River killing 190 & doing $1.8 billion damage
  • 1956 Federal Constitutional Court bans the Communist Party of Germany (KPD) in West Germany
  • 1956 One of the largest demonstrations in South Africa's history, 20,000 women marched to Pretoria's Union Buildings to present petition against carrying of passes by women to the Prime Minister
  • 1958 World's 1st Moon probe, US's Thor-Able, explodes at T +77 sec
  • 1959 7.1 quake strikes Yellowstone National Park
  • 1959 USSR & Iraq signs contract for building Iraqi nuclear reactor
  • 1960 Francis Gary Powers U-2 spy trial opens in Moscow
  • 1960 Gabon gains independence from France (National Day)
  • 1960 Indonesia drops diplomatic relations with Netherlands
  • 1961 Kennedy administration establishes Alliance for Progress
  • 1962 E German border guards shot & kill Peter Fechter, 18, attempting to cross Berlin Wall into western sector
  • 1963 Oriole's Dick Hall retires his 28th consecutive player in relief
  • 1966 NASA satellite Pioneer 7 launched into solar orbit

Birthdays in History

  • 1473 Richard, Duke of York (d. 1483?)
  • 1578 Francesco Albani, Italian painter (d. 1660)
  • 1586 Johann V Andreae, German vicar/writer (Christenburg)
  • 1607 Pierre de Fermat, mathematician who needed wider margins (Fermat's Last Theorem) [or 1608]
  • 1629 King John [Jan] III Sobieski of Poland. Victor over the Turks in 1683 (d. 1696)
  • 1720 Charles D J Eisen, French engraver/painter (Contes de La Fontaine)
  • 1753 Josef Dobrovský, Czech linguist (d. 1828)
  • 1768 Louis Charles Antoine Desaix, French general (d. 1800)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1786 Davy Crockett, American frontiersman, adventurer and politician, born in Greene County, Tennessee (d. 1836)

Frontiersman/Soldier Davy Crockett
Frontiersman/Soldier
Davy Crockett
  • 1786 Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, mother of Queen Victoria (d. 1861)
  • 1794 Prince Alexander of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, German priest (d. 1849)
  • 1811 Johannes H Scholten, Dutch theologist (Free Will)
  • 1817 Joseph baron Kervyn de Lettenhove, Belgian Internal minister (1870-71)
  • 1819 James Henry Van Alen, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1886)
  • 1828 Jules Bernard Luys, French neurologist (d. 1897)
  • 1839 Thijs [Matthijs] Maris, Dutch painter/etcher
  • 1840 Wilfrid Scawen Blunt, England, writer (Irish Land League)
  • 1841 Luis NF Varela, Brazilian romantic poet
  • 1844 Menelik II, King of Ethiopia (1896-1913)
  • 1851 Henry Drummond, Scottish geologist and evangelist
  • 1856 Violet Paget, [Vernon Lee], British author (Satan the master)
  • 1863 Gene Stratton-Porter, American author and naturalist (d. 1924)
  • 1866 Mir Mahboob Ali Khan, 6th Nizam of Hyderabad (d. 1911)
  • 1870 Frederick Russell, developed 1st successful typhoid fever vaccine
  • 1873 John A. Sampson, American gynecologist (d. 1946)
  • 1876 Eric Drummond, 1st Secretary-General of League of Nations (1919-33)
  • 1876 Henri G Winkelman, Dutch general/supreme commander/navy 1940
  • 1885 Clara [G Meijer-]Wichmann, German anarchists/feminist (Wife & society)
  • 1885 Kurt Hiller, German writer, born in Berlin (d. 1972)
  • 1887 Charles I, last emperor of Austria-Hungary (1916-18)
  • 1887 Marcus Garvey, began back-to-Africa movement among US African Americans
  • 1890 Harry L Hopkins, US politician (Loan & Lease law)
  • 1890 Stefan Bastyr, Polish aviator (d. 1920)
  • 1894 Erik A Blomberg, Swedish art historian/poet/author (Jorden)
  • 1894 Johan Polet, Dutch sculptor
  • 1896 Henry P de Vries, Dutch painter/poet (Laws of the Americas)
  • 1896 Leslie Groves, American military engineer (d. 1970)
  • 1898 Gerard Schmook, Flemish librarian/historian/custodian
  • 1904 Mary Cain, American newspaper editor and politician (d. 1984)
  • 1905 John Hay Whitney, publisher (NY Herald Trib 1961-67)
  • 1906 Hazel Bishop, chemist/cosmetics manufacturer
  • 1906 Marcello J das Neves Alves Caetano, premier of Portugal (1968-74)
  • 1907 Roger Peyrefitte, French writer (Special Friendships), born in Castres, Tarn (d. 2000)
  • 1910 J A Manusama, Moluccan politician
  • 1911 Frederik de Merode, Belgian prince
  • 1911 Jan Lode Cantens, Flemish dramatist (God's Murderer)
  • 1912 Edgar Fernhout, Dutch painter/son of Charley Toorop
  • 1913 W. Mark Felt, American FBI official and Watergate secret informant known as "Deep Throat"
  • 1914 Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr, son of FDR/(Rep-D-NY, 1949-55)
  • 1916 John de Young, resistance fighter
  • 1917 Safa Khulusi, Iraqi writer and historian, born in Baghdad (d. 1995)
  • 1921 Geoffery Rudolph Elton, historiographer
  • 1922 Paul Wiens, German writer, born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1982)
  • 1923 Larry Rivers, [Grossberg], American painter (Wash crossing Delaware-1953), born in NYC, New York
  • 1923 Chaleo Yoovidhya, Phichit, Thailand, co-creator of Red Bull, (d. 2012)
  • 1924 Evan S Connell, US writer
  • 1924 Helen Wallis, cartographer/librarian
  • 1924 John A Emmens, art historian/poet (Kunst & Vliegwerk)
  • 1924 Evan Connell, author (The Patriot), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 2013)
  • 1925 John Hawkes, US writer (2nd Skin)
  • 1925 John Howard Purnell, scientist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1926 Jiang Zemin, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (1989-2002) and President of the People's Republic of China (1993-2003), born in Yangzhou, Jiangsu

Paramount Leader of China Jiang Zemin
Paramount Leader of China
Jiang Zemin
  • 1927 Bernard "Bernie" Cornfeld, Romanian/US financier (Fund of Funds)
  • 1928 Jean R Adams, entomologist
  • 1929 Francis Gary Powers, US spy (USSR captures him in 1959 U-2 incident)
  • 1930 James Gulliver, businessman

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1930 Ted Hughes, Poet (British Poet Laureate 1984-98), born in Mytholmroyd, Yorkshire (d. 1998)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1932 V.S. Naipaul, British novelist (Middle Passage), born in Chaguanas, Trinidad and Tobago

Novelist V. S. Naipaul
Novelist
V. S. Naipaul
  • 1933 Eugene F. Kranz, American NASA executive
  • 1936 Patrick Manning, Trinidad and Tobago politician, Prime Minister (1991-95, 2001-10), born in San Fernando (d. 2016)
  • 1937 Yevgeni Aleksandrovich Illyin, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1938 Abu Bakar Bashir, Indonesian Muslim cleric
  • 1938 Theodoros Pangalos, Greek politician
  • 1940 David E Price, (Rep-D-North Carolina)
  • 1941 Ibrahim Babangida, president of Nigeria (1985- )
  • 1944 Lawrence Joseph Ellison, CEO of Oracle Corporation, Billionaire
  • 1949 Norm Coleman, American politician
  • 1952 Kathryn C Thornton, PhD/astronaut (STS 33, 49, 61, 73), born in Montgomery, Alabama
  • 1952 Thomas J Hennen, astronaut (STS 44), born in Albany, Georgia
  • 1952 Dr. Mario Theissen, German F1 team principal (BMW Sauber)
  • 1953 Robert Brent Thirsk, BC Canada, astronaut (STS 78)
  • 1953 Judith Regan, American book publisher
  • 1955 Richard Hilton, American heir
  • 1959 David Koresh, American cult leader (d. 1993)
  • 1959 Jonathan Franzen, American author
  • 1965 Robert Manry, Cleve newspaper editor/sailed the Atlantic (in craft)
  • 1971 Shaun Rehn, Australian Rules footballer
  • 1974 Nicola Kraus, American novelist
  • 1977 Nathan Deakes, Australian race walker
  • 1984 Garrett Wolfe, American professional footbal player

Weddings in History

  • 1498 Cesare Borgia, son of Pope Alexander IV, 1st man to resign the cardinalate marries Charlotte d'Albret of Navarre

HeartWedding of Interest

1996 Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe (72) weds Grace Marufu (31) at Kutama College in Mashonaland West, Zimbabwe

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe

Deaths in History

  • 754 Karloman, abbot of Monte Cassino, dies at 39
  • 1153 Eustace IV of Boulogne, son of Stephen of England (b. 1130)
  • 1304 Emperor Go-Fukakusa of Japan (b. 1243)
  • 1464 Nikolaus von Cusa, German theologist/mathematician/philosopher, dies
  • 1510 Edmund Dudley, English treasurer, beheaded for teason
  • 1510 Richard Empson, English treasurer, beheaded
  • 1536 Pietersz, book publisher (Kersten Knight - on Index), dies
  • 1553 Charles III, Duke of Savoy, dies
  • 1635 Francisco de Moncada, Spanish earl of Osuna, dies at 48
  • 1673 Regnier de Graaf, Dutch physician and anatomist, dies of possible suicide at 32 (b. 1641)
  • 1676 Grimmelshausen, writer, dies
  • 1681 Nikon, [Nikita Minin], patriarch of Rus-orthodox church, dies at 76
  • 1720 Anne Lefèvre, French scholar (b. 1654)
  • 1723 Joseph Bingham, English scholar (b. 1668)
  • 1768 Vasily Kirillovich Trediakovsky, Russian poet (b. 1703)
  • 1785 Jonathan Trumbull, US patriot, dies
  • 1804 Barbara Hec, organized 1st methodist church in US, dies
  • 1834 Husein Gradaščević, Bosnian rebel leader (b. 1802)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1850 Jose de San Martin, South American revolutionary hero and general, dies at 72

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • 1861 Alcée Louis la Branche, American Politician (b. 1806)
  • 1865 Mosby Munroe Parsons, United States officer in the Mexican–American War and brigadier general of the Confederate States Army, dies in battle at 42
  • 1875 Wilhelm Bleek, German linguist (b. 1827)
  • 1878 Richard Upjohn, US architect, died
  • 1888 James Jameson, British nature investigator (Congo), dies
  • 1893 Aleksei N Apuchtin, Russian poet (Stichotvorenia), dies at 52[NS=8/29]
  • 1896 Bridget Driscoll, 1st person in Great Britain to die in an auto-accident
  • 1914 James Grierson, British general
  • 1915 Leo Frank, American convict, hanged in 1915 by a lynch mob in Georgia
  • 1924 Pavel S "Paul" Urysohn, Russian mathematician, drowns at 26
  • 1925 Ioan Slavici, Transylvanian writer of Romanian origin (b. 1848)
  • 1927 Horace Alderman, US, murderer, hanged
  • 1935 Charlotte Perkins Gilman, American feminist, writer and lecturer for social reform, dies at 75
  • 1940 Billy Fiske, US RAF-pilot/2nd lieutenant and 1st American serviceman killed in action in World War II, dies at 29
  • 1945 Pater Bleijs, [Louis], resistance fighter, dies in car accident
  • 1948 Nico J Polak, Dutch economist, dies at 60
  • 1949 Gregorio Perfecto, Filipino jurist & politician (b. 1891)
  • 1953 Johannes B Tielrooy, literature (French Living Lesson), dies at 66
  • 1962 Peter Fechter trying to cross the Berlin Wall (b. 1944)
  • 1966 Michael Garrison, producer (Crowded Sky), dies after a fall at 43
  • 1969 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, architect (November Group), dies at 83
  • 1969 Philip Blaiberg, after 19 days with artificial heart, dies
  • 1971 Wilhelm List, German field marshal (b. 1880)
  • 1972 Raymond Brulez, Flemish author (Schoone slaapster), dies at 76
  • 1972 Wampilow, writer, dies
  • 1973 Conrad Aiken, US poet (Pulitzer), dies at 74
  • 1974 Aldo Palazzeschi, [Giurlani], Italian writer, dies at 89
  • 1982 Ruth Voorst, South African (A World Apart), killed by letter bomb
  • 1984 Holly Roffey, youngest heart transplant, dies at 4 weeks
  • 1987 Charles Drummond de Andrade, Brazilian poet, dies at 84
  • 1987 Rudolph Hess, Nazi (46 years in Spandau Prison), commits suicide at 93
  • 1988 Franklin D. Roosevelt Jr, (Rep-D-NY, 1949-55), dies on 74th birthday
  • 1988 Mohammad Zia Ul-Haq, President of Pakistan (1978-88), dies in plane crash at 64
  • 1991 Leo Geerts, [Marcel van der Linden], Belgian writer/critic, dies
  • 1991 Mervyn Nelson, director (Some of My Best Friends Are...), dies at 76
  • 1992 Andre de Villiers, South African, murdered
  • 1992 Barbara Morgan, photographer (Martha Graham), dies at 92
  • 1992 Tommy Nutter, fashion designer (bell bottom pants), dies of AIDs at 49
  • 1993 Max de Metz, Dutch publisher/translator, dies at 72
  • 1993 Robert C Maynard, CEO (Oakland Tribune), dies at 56
  • 1993 Feng Kang, Chinese mathematician (b. 1920)
  • 1994 Elias Canetti, buried next to James Joyce
  • 1995 Marjorie Sykes, peace campaigner, dies at 90
  • 1995 Ted Whitten, Australian rules footballer (b. 1933)
  • 1996 Edward Digby Baltzell, Ivy League sociologist, dies at 80
  • 1996 Eric Evans, English dean of St Paul's, dies at 68
  • 2004 Thea Astley, Australian writer (b. 1925)
  • 2005 John Bahcall, American astrophysicist (b. 1934)
  • 2007 Bill Deedes, British journalist and politician (b. 1913)
  • 2008 Franco Sensi, Italian oil tycoon and president of A.S. Roma
  • 2010 Francesco Cossiga, Italian politician and eighth President of the Italian Republic (b. 1928)
  • 2016 Arthur Hiller, Canadian director (Love Story), dies at 92