On This Day in History for August 18

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 133

  • 293 BC The oldest known Roman temple to Venus is founded, starting the institution of Vinalia Rustica (grape harvest festival)
  • 1201 The city of Riga is founded.
  • 1289 Pope Nicolas IV publishes degree "Supra montem"
  • 1541 A Portuguese ship drifts ashore in the ancient Japanese province of Higo (modern day Kumamoto Prefecture). (Traditional Japanese date: July 27, 1541)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1564 Spanish king Philip II joins Council of Trente

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1587 Saul Wahl is elected King of Poland, according to legend.
  • 1605 Spanish army under of general Spinola conquers Lingen
  • 1634 Urbain Grandier, accused and convicted of sorcery, is burned alive in Loudun, France.
  • 1636 The Covenant of the Town of Dedham, Massachusetts is first signed.
  • 1674 Jean Racine's "Iphigénie" premieres in Versailles
  • 1686 Giovanni Cassini reports seeing a satellite orbiting Venus

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1698 Russian Tsar Peter the Great arrives in Zaandam

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1700 Swedish, English & Dutch army lands on Seeland, Denmark
  • 1735 Evening Post begins publishing (Boston, Mass)
  • 1759 -19] 2nd sea battle of Lagos: England vs France
  • 1769 A lightning strike on the Bastion of San Nazaro in Brescia, Italy, ignites 90 tonnes of gunpowder, killing 3,000 people
  • 1795 Curacao governor De Veer sends militia to stop rebellious slaves
  • 1817 Gloucester, Mass, newspapers tells of wild sea serpent seen offshore
  • 1835 Last Pottawatomie Indians leave Chicago

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1838 United States Exploring Expedition headed by Charles Wilkes departs for the Pacific Ocean and Antarctica

Naval Officer and Explorer Charles Wilkes
Naval Officer and Explorer
Charles Wilkes
  • 1840 American Society of Dental Surgeons founded (NY)
  • 1840 French colony established in Akaroa, South Island of New Zealand
  • 1846 General Stephen W Kearney's US forces captures Santa Fe, New Mexico
  • 1848 Camila O'Gorman and Ladislao Gutierrez are executed on the orders of Argentine dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas
  • 1858 Netherlands & Japan sign trade agreement

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 General Lee's adjutant Major Stuart captured

Confederate General Robert E. Lee
Confederate General
Robert E. Lee
  • 1862 Sioux Indians begin uprising in Minnesota (it is later crushed)
  • 1864 6th day of battle at Deep Bottom Run, Virginia: Confederate assault
  • 1864 Petersburg Campaign-Battle of Weldon Railroad day 1 of 3 days
  • 1868 French Astronomer Pierre Janssen discovers helium in solar spectrum during eclipse
  • 1870 Battle at Gravelotte Privat: Prussia beat France, 32,000 casualties
  • 1872 1st mail-order catalog issued by A M Ward
  • 1873 1st ascent of Mount Whitney, California (14,494')
  • 1891 Hurricane hits Martinique, about 700 die
  • 1894 US Congress creates Bureau of Immigration
  • 1896 Adolph Ochs (39) buys NY Times
  • 1904 Chris Watson resigns as Prime Minister of Australia and is succeeded by George Reid

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1909 Mayor of Tokyo Yukio Ozaki presents Washington, D.C. with 2,000 cherry trees, which President Taft decides to plant near the Potomac River.

27th US President William Howard Taft
27th US President
William Howard Taft
  • 1914 -20] Belgian army withdraws to Antwerp
  • 1914 French troops under general Dubail occupy Sarrebourg

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1914 US President Woodrow Wilson issues "Proclamation of Neutrality"

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1917 Dutch Naval Air Force forms (MLD)
  • 1917 A Great Fire in Thessaloniki, Greece destroys 32% of the city leaving 70,000 individuals homeless.
  • 1919 Anti-Cigarette League of America forms in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1920 US ratifies the 19th Amendment to the constitution bringing in women's suffrage, when Tennessee votes to ratify
  • 1924 France begins withdrawing troops from the Ruhr
  • 1925 Belgium & US sign treaty about war debts
  • 1925 Cardinal Mercier warns Belgians against socialism/liberalism
  • 1926 Weather map televised for 1st time
  • 1930 Eastern Airlines begins passenger service
  • 1932 Auguste Piccard/Max Cosijns reach 16,201m in a balloon
  • 1932 Englishman James Mollisson is 1st to fly east to west over Atlantic
  • 1936 106.5°F-Hottest afternoon ever in Iowa
  • 1937 1st FM radio construction permit issued (W1X0J (WGTR) in Boston MA)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1938 FDR dedicates Thousand Islands Bridge connecting US & Canada

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1940 Battle of Britain - 'The hardest day" Luftwaffe lose 69 aircraft, the RAF 68 in largest ever air battle
  • 1941 German concentration camp Amersfoort opens
  • 1942 Carlson's Raiders land on Makin, Gilbert islands, kill 350 Japanese
  • 1943 Carl Hubbell wins his 253rd & final game, all with Giants
  • 1943 Final convoy of Jews from Salonika, Greece, arrives at Auschwitz
  • 1943 Otto Skorzeny's Heinkel-111 shot down at Sardinia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Chartres freed by US 3rd Army forces during WWII led by General George S. Patton

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • 1944 Paris rail workers strike against Nazi occupiers
  • 1944 US 15th Army Corps reaches Mantes-Gassicourt near Paris

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1945 Sukarno elected 1st President of Indonesia by the Preparatory Committee for Indonesian Independence (PPKI)

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • 1947 Naval torpedo & mine factory explodes at Cadiz, Spain killing 300
  • 1949 Hungary adopts constitution
  • 1950 Julien Lahaut, the chairman of the Communist Party of Belgium is assassinated by far-right elements.
  • 1954 James E. Wilkins is 1st black to attend a US cabinet meeting
  • 1955 -19] Hurricane Diane, kills 400 in US
  • 1955 46.1 cm rainfall at Westfield, Massachusetts (state record)
  • 1955 Sjukri al-Quwatli re-elected president of Syria
  • 1957 Juan-Manuel Fangio, wins his last auto World Championship at 46
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1958 "Lolita" by Vladimir Nabokov published
  • 1958 Betsy Palmer joins Today Show panel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Fidel Castro makes a speech on Cuban pirate radio Rebelde

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1958 United Kingdom issues regional stamps (N Ireland, Scotland & Wales)
  • 1958 Perez Prado "Mambo King" receives one of the 1st gold records
  • 1958 TV game show scandal investigation starts
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Enwetak
  • 1958 Verne Gagne beats Edouard Carpentier in Omaha, to become NWA champ
  • 1959 Branch Rickey resigns as Pirates' CEO to be President of Continental League
  • 1960 1st commercial oral contraceptive, Enovid 10 debuts in Skokie, Illinois
  • 1960 1st photograph bounced off a satellite, Cedar Rapids, Iowa and Richardson, Texas
  • 1962 Peter, Paul & Mary release their first hit "If I Had a Hammer"
  • 1963 James Meredith becomes 1st black graduate from U of Mississippi
  • 1964 Charles Helu elected president of Lebanon
  • 1964 USSR launch 3 Kosmos satellites

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Mick Jagger accidentally shot while filming "Ned Kelly"

Rock Star Mick Jagger
Rock Star
Mick Jagger
  • 1971 New Zealand Prime Minister Keith Holyoake announces in Parliament that New Zealand’s combat force would be withdrawn from Vietnam before the end of the year, coinciding with a similar announcement by the Australian government
  • 1976 USSR's Luna 24 soft-lands on Moon
  • 1976 In the Korean Demilitarized Zone at Panmunjeom, the Axe Murder Incident results in the death of two US soldiers.
  • 1977 2 girls are killed by a runaway car outside of Graceland
  • 1977 South African anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko is arrested at a roadblock (dies of police beating 12 September)
  • 1978 Memphis Tenn settles with striking police officers & firefighters

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 Iran's Ayatollah Khomeini demands Saint War against Kurds

Supreme Leader of Iran Ayatollah Khomeini
Supreme Leader of Iran
Ayatollah Khomeini
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1982 1st time NYSE tops 100 M figure, 132.69 M shares traded
  • 1982 NYSE sets trading record of 132,690,000 shares traded

Birthdays in History

  • 472 Flavius Ricimer, general of the Western Roman Empire, kingmaker
  • 1414 Jami, Persian poet (d. 1492)
  • 1450 Marko Marulic/Marulus/Splichanin/Pechinich, Croatian poet
  • 1579 Charlotte Flandrina van Nassau, daughter of Willem I of Orange
  • 1587 1st English child born in New World (Virginia Dare)
  • 1596 Jean Bolland, Flemish Jesuit writer (d. 1665)
  • 1605 Henry Hammond, English churchman (d. 1660)
  • 1606 Maria Anna of Spain, Holy Roman Empire Empress and Queen of Hungary (d. 1646)
  • 1611 Ludwika Maria Gonzaga, queen of Poland (d. 1650)
  • 1657 Ferdinando Galli Bibiena, Italian architect/designer (d. 1743)
  • 1685 Brook Taylor, England, mathematician, discoverer of Taylor's Theorem
  • 1692 Louis Henri, Duc de Bourbon, Prime Minister of France (d. 1740)
  • 1720 Laurence Shirley, 4th Earl Ferrers, English murderer (d. 1760)
  • 1754 François, marquis de Chasseloup-Laubat, French general (d. 1833)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1774 Meriwether Lewis, American soldier and public administrator (Lewis & Clark Expedition), born in Ivy, Virginia (d. 1809)

Soldier/Public Administrator Meriwether Lewis
Soldier/Public Administrator
Meriwether Lewis

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1792 John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1846-52 and 1865-66), born in Mayfair, Middlesex (d. 1878)

British Prime Minister John Russell
British Prime Minister
John Russell
  • 1803 Nathan Clifford, American statesman, diplomat, and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1881)
  • 1805 Josef Danhauser, Austrian painter (Mutterliebe)
  • 1807 Charles Francis Adams, (Union), (d. 1886)
  • 1813 Benjamin Alvord, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1884)
  • 1818 William Farquhar Barry, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1879)
  • 1819 Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaievna, Duchess of Leuchtenberg (d. 1876)
  • 1823 Willem J F Nuyens, Dutch physician/RC historian
  • 1830 Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria (d. 1916)
  • 1834 Marshall Field, Conway Massachusetts, owner (Field Dept Store)
  • 1855 Alfred Wallis, English artist and mariner (d. 1942)
  • 1857 Libert H. Boeynaems, Belgian Catholic prelate (d. 1926)
  • 1871 Johan J Arch, graphic artist (wood cutter)
  • 1875 Johan E Elias, historian (Amsterdam)
  • 1879 Aleksandr Rodzyanko, Russian general (d. 1970)
  • 1882 Eugeen Calleen, Flemish sculptor
  • 1885 Nettie Palmer, Australian poet and essayist (d. 1964)
  • 1887 Nico J Polak, Dutch economist
  • 1890 Walther Funk, German Nazi politician (d. 1960)
  • 1900 Glenn Albert Black, American archaeologist (d. 1964)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1900 Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, Indian diplomat and politician, born in Allahabad, India (d. 1990)

Indian Politician and Diplomat Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Indian Politician and Diplomat
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
  • 1902 Adamson-Eric, Estonian painter (d. 1968)
  • 1904 Max Factor Jr, CEO (Max Factor Cosmetics)
  • 1904 Sterling W Cole, (Rep-R-NY)
  • 1904 [Francis] Max Factor, cosmetics manufacturer (Max Factor)
  • 1908 Armijn Pane, Indonesian writer (Belenggu)
  • 1908 Edgar Faure, thriller writer/PM of France (1952, 52-56)
  • 1910 Charles Wegg-Prosser, solicitor
  • 1912 Elsa Morante, Italian writer, born in Rome (d. 1985)
  • 1917 Casper Weinberger, US Secretary of Defense (1981-87)
  • 1919 Walter J Hickel, (Gov-R-Alaska)/US Secretary of Interior (1969-71)
  • 1921 Zdzisław Żygulski, Jr., Polish art historian
  • 1922 Alain Robbe-Grillet, France, novelist (Voyeur)
  • 1922 Eric William Hunter Christie, barrister
  • 1924 Mohammad Zia Ul-Haq, President of Pakistan (1977-88)[or Aug 12]
  • 1925 Brian W[ilson] Aldiss, UK, sci-fi author (Helliconia Trilogy)
  • 1925 Pierre Grondin, French Canadian cardiac surgeon (d. 2006)
  • 1927 Rosalynn Smith Carter, American 1st lady (1977-1981), born in Plains, Georgia
  • 1930 Liviu Librescu, Israeli professor, killed in the Virginia Tech massacre
  • 1931 Henricus AFMO "Hans" van Mierlo, Dutch minister of Defense (D66)
  • 1931 Bramwell Tillsley, Canadian Salvation Army general
  • 1932 William R. Bennett, Premier of British Columbia
  • 1933 Roman Polanski, Poland, director (Rosemary's Baby, Chinatown, Pirates)
  • 1934 Vincent Bugliosi, American attorney/author (Helter-Skelter), born in Hibbing, Minnesota (d. 2015)
  • 1935 Howard Morrison, New Zealand entertainer
  • 1938 Joe Frank, American radio personality
  • 1939 Robert Horton, British businessman
  • 1952 Elayne Boosler, comedienne (Broadway Baby, Party of One), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1952 Nicholas John, dramaturge
  • 1953 Louie Gohmert, American politician
  • 1954 Umberto Guidoni, PhD/astronaut (STS 75), born in Rome, Italy
  • 1955 Taher ElGamal, Egyptian scientist
  • 1961 Bob Woodruff, American journalist, anchor
  • 1962 Felipe Calderón, President of Mexico
  • 1966 Gustavo Charif, Argentine artist
  • 1967 Julie Kristen Smith, Nuhremburg Germany, choreographer (Showgirls)
  • 1967 Brian Michael Bendis, American comic book writer
  • 1972 Shaun Wilson, Australian artist
  • 1976 Bryan Volpenhein, American rower
  • 1980 Athina Papayianni, Greek race walker
  • 1992 Frances Bean Cobain, daughter of Kurt Cobain & Courtney Love

Weddings in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1572 Henry of Navarre (later Henry IV of France) marries his cousin Margaret of Valois in Paris

HeartWedding of Interest

1782 Romantic Age poet and artist William Blake (24) marries Catherine Boucher, 5 years his junior, in St. Mary's Church, Battersea, London.

Poet/Artist William Blake
Poet/Artist
William Blake

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2000 Former Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich (57) weds former congressional aide Calista Bisek (34) in Alexandria, Virginia

US Speaker of the House Newt Gingrich
US Speaker of the House
Newt Gingrich

Deaths in History

  • 353 Decentius, Roman usurper against Western Emperor Constantius II
  • 849 Walafrid Strabo, German monk and theologian

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1227 Genghis Khan, Mongol conqueror, dies

Great Khan of the Mongol Empire Genghis Khan
Great Khan of the Mongol Empire
Genghis Khan
  • 1236 Theodorus Van Celles, monastery founder (Kruisheren), dies
  • 1258 Theodore II Lascaris, Emperor of the Empire of Nicaea
  • 1276 Adrian V, [Ottobono Fieschi], Italian Pope (7/11-8/18/1276), dies
  • 1318 Clare of Montefalco, Italian Abbess and religious leader (born c. 1268)
  • 1430 Thomas de Ros, 9th Baron de Ros, English soldier and politician (drowned) (b. 1406)
  • 1503 Alexander VI, [Rodrigo de Borja], Spanish Pope (1492-1503), dies
  • 1559 Paul IV, [Giampietro Caraffa], Pope (1555-59), dies at 83
  • 1563 Étienne de La Boétie, French judge and writer (b. 1530)
  • 1620 Wanli, Emperor of China (b. 1563)
  • 1634 Urbain Grandier, French priest (b. 1590)
  • 1642 Guido Reni, Italian painter (b. 1575)
  • 1645 Eudoxia Streshneva, Tsarina of Mikhail I of Russia (b. 1608)
  • 1652 Benjamin G Cuyp, historical painter, dies at about 40
  • 1707 William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire, English soldier and statesman (b. 1640)
  • 1712 Richard Savage, 4th Earl Rivers, English soldier
  • 1765 Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (1745-65) dies at 56
  • 1803 James Beattie, Scottish poet/philosopher (Essay on Truth), dies at 67
  • 1809 Matthew Boulton, English manufacturer and engineer (b. 1728)
  • 1815 Chauncey Goodrich, American politician (b. 1759)
  • 1840 Antony CW Staring, Dutch patriot/poet (Jaromir), dies at 73
  • 1842 Louis de Freycinet, French explorer (b. 1779)
  • 1850 H de Balzac, writer, dies at 51
  • 1863 Thomas Welsh, US Union brig-general (Antietam), dies at 39
  • 1870 Felix Salm-Salm, Prussian/US prince/brig-general, dies in battle
  • 1907 John Kerr, physicist (magneto-optic Kerr-effect), dies at 82
  • 1916 Edward D Pain, English journalist (NY World), dies in battle at 36
  • 1919 Joseph E. Seagram, Canadian distillery founder (b. 1841)
  • 1934 Delilah L Beasley, US author/columnist (Oakland Tribune), dies at 61

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1940 Walter Chrysler, American founder of car company Chrysler, dies at 65

Founder of Chrysler Walter Chrysler
Founder of Chrysler
Walter Chrysler
  • 1943 Hans Jeschonnek, German air force general/chief-staff, commits suicide
  • 1943 Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general (b. 1865)
  • 1944 Ernst "Teddy" Thalmann, leader of German KPD, dies
  • 1950 Julien Lahaut, chairman Belgian Communist Party, murdered
  • 1952 Alberto Hurtado Cruchaga, Chilean Jesuit saint (b. 1901)
  • 1961 Learned Hand, Chief judge of US court of Appeals, dies at 89
  • 1961 Leonhard Frank, writer, dies at 78
  • 1966 Isaac Keesing, Dutch founder (System Keesing), dies at 80
  • 1966 Watze Cuperus, Frisian author (Struggle & Blessing), dies at 75
  • 1969 Otto Stern, German/US physicist (Nobel 1943), dies at 81
  • 1981 Anita Loos, US (stage)author (Gentlemen Prefer Blondes), dies at 88
  • 1983 Nikolaus Pevsner, German-born art historian (b. 1902)
  • 1988 Alexandr V Shchukin, Russian cosmonaut, dies in SU-26 crash at 42

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1988 Frederick Ashton, British choreographer (Cinderella), dies at 83

Choreographer Frederick Ashton
Choreographer
Frederick Ashton
  • 1989 Luis Carlos Galan, Colombian presidential candidate, murdered
  • 1990 B F Skinner, psychologist (Skinner Box), dies of Leukemia at 86
  • 1991 Vaughn Shoemaker, US cartoonist (John Q Public, Pulitzer), dies
  • 1992 Gerard Sonder, Dutch radio host (AVRO), dies
  • 1992 John Stuges, director (Gunfight at OK Corral), dies of emphysema at 82
  • 1992 Christopher McCandless, subject of the book Into the Wild (b. 1968)
  • 1993 Alf Bold, German festival programmer, dies of AIDS at 47
  • 1994 John Beavan, newspaper Editor, dies at 84
  • 1994 Judy Ann Scott-Fox, agent, dies at 56
  • 1994 Richard Lawrence Millington Synge, chromatographer, dies at 79
  • 1995 Sylvester Louis Adams, murderer, dies at 39
  • 1996 Geoffrey Dearmer, poet, dies at 103
  • 1996 Hugo Gabriel Gryn, rabbi, dies at 66
  • 2001 David Peakall, British scientist (b. 1931)
  • 2004 Hiram Fong, former U.S. Senator from Hawaii (b. 1906)
  • 2006 Jamie Astaphan, Caribbean-born physician (b. 1946)
  • 2007 Michael Deaver, Reagan Administration Deputy White House Chief of Staff (b. 1938)
  • 2009 Kim Dae-jung,15th President of South Korea (b. 1925)
  • 2009 Robert Novak, American journalist and commentator (b. 1931)
  • 2010 Scott Davis, American Announcer of Track and Field (b.1943)
  • 2010 Benjamin Kaplan, American copyright scholar, dies at 99
  • 2015 Louis Stokes, American politician (Rep-D-OH, 1969-99 ), dies at 90