On This Day in History for August 24

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 140

  • 49 BC Julius Caesar's general Gaius Scribonius Curio is defeated in the Second Battle of the Bagradas River by the Numidians under Publius Attius Varus and King Juba of Numidia. Curio commits suicide to avoid capture.
  • 79 Mt Vesuvius erupts, buries Roman Pompeii & Herculaneum, 15,000 die
  • 410 Rome overrun by Visigoths under Alaric I for the first time in nearly 800 years, seen as the fall of the Western Roman Empire

AgreementMagna Carta

1215 Pope Innocent III declares Magna Carta invalid

  • 1217 Battle of South Foreland: English fleet beats France
  • 1349 6,000 Jews, blamed for the Plague, are killed in Mainz
  • 1349 Jews of Cologne Germany set themselves on fire to avoid baptism
  • 1391 Jews of Palma Majorca massacred
  • 1456 The printing of the Gutenberg Bible is completed

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1511 Afonso de Albuquerque of Portugal conquers Malacca, the capital of the Sultanate of Malacca.

Admiral and Duke of Goa Afonso de Albuquerque
Admiral and Duke of Goa
Afonso de Albuquerque
  • 1516 Battle of Marj Dabiq: Ottoman forces decisively beat the Mamluk Sultanate
  • 1542 Conquistador Francisco de Orellana returns to Spain
  • 1558 Battle of Gravelines: English fleet beats Spanish
  • 1572 St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre of Protestants by Roman Catholics begins in Paris and later spreads to the French provinces
  • 1608 1st English convoy lands at Surat, India
  • 1662 Act of Uniformity requires English to accept Book of Common Prayer

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1682 Duke James of York gives Delaware to William Penn

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • 1690 Job Charnock founds Calcutta India
  • 1704 Battle of Málaga: largest naval battle in the War of the Spanish Succession; Tactically indecisive but a Grand Alliance strategic victory
  • 1751 Thomas Colley executed in England for drowning supposed witch
  • 1814 British forces capture Washington, D.C. and destroy many landmarks (War of 1812)
  • 1816 The Treaty of St. Louis is signed in St. Louis, Missouri.
  • 1820 Constitutionalist insurrection at Oporto, Portugal; see Portugal's crises of the Nineteenth Century.
  • 1826 Netherland's South Willems Port (Bosch-Liege) opens
  • 1828 Dutch army takes Fort Du Bus in New Guinea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1831 John Henslow asks Charles Darwin to travel with him on HMS Beagle

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1833 HMS Beagle reaches Bahia Blanca, Argentina

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1847 Charlotte Brontë finishes manuscript of "Jane Eyre"

  • 1853 1st potato chips prepared by chef George Crum (Saratoga Springs, NY)
  • 1854 National emigration convention meets in Cleveland
  • 1857 The Panic of 1857 begins, setting off one of the most severe economic crises in U.S. history.
  • 1858 Richmond "Daily Dispatch" reports 90 blacks arrested for learning
  • 1869 Cornelius Swarthout patents stove-top waffle iron
  • 1870 The Wolseley Expedition reaches Manitoba to end the Red River Rebellion.
  • 1876 Riot abolishes fairs in Amsterdam, 2 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1891 Thomas Edison patents motion picture camera

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1893 Tornado destroys coast of Savannah & Charleston, about 1000 die
  • 1904 Battle of Liao-Yang-200,000 Japanese against 150,000 Russian, Japanese tactical victory
  • 1909 Workers start pouring concrete for Panama Canal
  • 1911 Manuel d'Arriaga elected first president of Portugal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1912 NYC ticker tape parade for Jim Thorpe & victorious US Olympians

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe
  • 1912 District of Alaska becomes an organized incorporated territory of the United States
  • 1912 US passes Anti-gag law, federal employees right to petition government
  • 1914 Battle at Bergen: Germans defeat Belgian/British troops
  • 1914 German troops occupy Namur, Belgium
  • 1920 With British approval, Greece is encouraged to take offensive action against Turkish nationalists in Asia Minor
  • 1921 Battle of Sakaray Valley begins between Turkey & Greece
  • 1921 British airship R-38 crashes in River Humber, 44 die

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1923 Paavo Nurmi runs world record 3 mile (14:11.2)

Runner nicknamed the
Runner nicknamed the "Flying Finn"
Paavo Nurmi
  • 1929 Palestinians attack orthodox Jews in Jerusalem
  • 1929 Turkey & Persia signs friendship treaty
  • 1931 France & USSR sign neutrality/no attack treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 1st transcontinental non-stop flight by a woman, Amelia Earhart

  • 1936 Australian Antarctic Territory created

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 FDR gives FBI authority to pursuit fascists & communists

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1937 Republican offensive near Belchite, Spain
  • 1937 In the Spanish Civil War, the Basque Army surrenders to the Italian Corpo Truppe Volontarie following the Santoña Agreement.
  • 1938 England beat Australia by an innings & 579 runs at The Oval
  • 1938 Virgil Trucks strikes out his 418th batter, highest season total in organized ball-for Andalusia in an Alabama-Florida League game
  • 1939 Germany & USSR sign 10-year non-aggression pact
  • 1940 Luftwaffe bombs London
  • 1942 Sea battle off Eastern Solomon Islands between United States Navy and the Imperial Japanese Navy
  • 1942 Transport #23 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1943 Philadelphia A's drop AL record tying 20th game in a row, win the 2nd game
  • 1944 General LeClerc's troops open assault on Paris
  • 1945 Cleveland ace Bob Feller returns from Navy & strike out 12
  • 1949 North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) goes into effect
  • 1950 Edith Sampson named 1st African American US delegate to UN
  • 1950 Operation Magic Carpet concludes transporting 45,000 Yemenite Jews
  • 1951 Bill Veeck's "Fans Managers' Night", Browns defeat A's 5-3; Browns coaches hold up placards for fans to vote on

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 US President Eisenhower signs Communist Control Act, outlawing the Communist Party, at height of McCarthyism

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1954 International Amateur Athletic Federation recognizes Red China
  • 1954 William Heatherton's "Reluctant Debutante" premieres in London
  • 1956 1st non-stop transcontinental helicopter flight arrived Washington, D.C.
  • 1959 England complete 5-0 series drubbing of India
  • 1959 Hiram L Fong sworn in as 1st Chinese-American senator while Daniel K Inouye sworn in as 1st Japanese-American Rep (Both from Hawaii)
  • 1960 -127°F (-88°C), Vostok, Antarctica (world record)
  • 1960 60 people die when a bus plunges off bridge into Turvo River, Brazil
  • 1961 Windward Islands' Airways International (Winair) forms
  • 1961 Former South African nazi leader Johannes Vorster becomes South Africa's minister of justice
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 1st 200 metre freestyle swum under 2 minutes (Don Schollander 1:58)
  • 1964 2nd Mayor's Trophy Game, Yanks beat Mets 6-4
  • 1966 USSR launches Luna 11 for orbit around Moon
  • 1967 Liberian flag designed
  • 1968 France becomes the world's fifth thermonuclear power with a detonation on Mururoa Atoll in the South Pacific
  • 1968 Northern Ireland's first civil rights march held; many more marches would be held over the following year and Loyalists organized counter-demonstrations to get the marches banned
  • 1969 Peru nationalizes US oil interests
  • 1970 Bomb kills 1 at U of Wisconsin's Army Math Research Center in Madison
  • 1971 India beat England by 4 wickets, their win against the Poms
  • 1972 8th Mayor's Trophy Game, Yanks beat Mets 2-1
  • 1972 Dennis Amiss scores 1st one-day int century, 103 v Australia
  • 1973 John Adams & his drum - become a right-field fixture in Cleve Stadium
  • 1975 Davey Lopes steals his 38th consecutive base, then thrown out stealing
  • 1975 Papadopoulos/Pattakos/Makarezos sentenced to death in Athens
  • 1975 Tampa Bay Rowdies beat Portland 2-0 for NASL cup
  • 1976 Soyuz 21 returns to Earth
  • 1978 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1979 Cars play concert in NY Central Park
  • 1979 UN's Vienna office begins issuing postage stamps

Birthdays in History

  • 1113 Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou, France, conquered Normandy (d. 1151)
  • 1198 King Alexander II of Scotland (d. 1249)
  • 1210 Floris IV, Count of Holland
  • 1358 King John I of Castile (d. 1390)
  • 1393 Arthur III, Duke of Brittany (d. 1458)
  • 1420 Albrecht van Eyb, German humanist/parson (Bamberg & Eichstattt)
  • 1552 Lavinia Fontana, Italian painter (d. 1614)
  • 1580 John Taylor, English poet (d. 1654)
  • 1591 Robert Herrick, English poet ('Gather ye rosebuds while ye may') (baptized), born in London (d. 1674)
  • 1635 Peder Griffenfeld, Danish statesman (d. 1699)
  • 1694 Theodor A Freiherr von Neuhoff, German adventurer/king [or 8/25]
  • 1707 Selina Hastings, Countess of Huntingdon, English Evangelical Revivalist (d. 1791)
  • 1712 Cornelis Douwes, Dutch mathematician/astronomer
  • 1750 Letizia Ramolino, mother of Napoleon Bonaparte (d. 1836)
  • 1758 Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1794)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1759 William Wilberforce, British politician, philanthropist and leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade, born in Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, England (d. 1833)

Abolitionist William Wilberforce
Abolitionist
William Wilberforce
  • 1772 William I Frederick, Grand Duke of Luxembourg and King of the Netherlands (1814-40)
  • 1787 James Weddell, Ostend England, Antarctic explorer (Weddell Sea)
  • 1808 Benjamin Grubb Humphreys, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1808 Thomas Fenwick Drayton, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1891)
  • 1816 Daniel Gooch, laid 1st successful transatlantic cables
  • 1817 Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian poet, writer and playwright (d. 1875)
  • 1827 Walter Husted Stevens, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1867)
  • 1828 George Hume "Maryland" Steuart, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1842 Edouard J A Agneessens, Flemish painter (Slave Market)
  • 1845 James C. Calhoun, American soldier, brother-in-law of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1876)
  • 1863 Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer (d. 1918)
  • 1865 Ferdinand I VAM, king of Romania
  • 1872 Max Beerbohm, England, caricaturist/writer/wit (Saturday Review)
  • 1880 Miles W L Killearn of Killearn, Scottish baron/diplomat
  • 1886 William Francis Gibbs, naval architect, designed Liberty ships
  • 1889 Simon Kimbangu/Kibangu, Congo prophet
  • 1890 Jean Rhys, British writer (d. 1979)
  • 1894 Jean Rhys, [Ella Williams], Dominica, writer (Voyage in the Dark)
  • 1895 Richard Cardinal Cushing, archbishop of Boston (d. 1970)
  • 1898 Albert Claude, Belgium, biologist/physician (Nobel 1974)
  • 1898 Malcolm Cowley, Belsano Penn, author (Flowering of New England)
  • 1898 Marie J Hugenholtz, [Doctor Grandi], surgeon on Curacao
  • 1899 Johan J Fabricius, Dutch novelist (Island of Demons)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1899 Jorge Luis Borges, Argentine writer of fiction and essays (Labyrinths), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1986)

  • 1899 Ruth Schaumann, German painter/writer (Rose, Black King)
  • 1902 Fernand Braudel, French historian (Civililization & Capitalism)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1902 Carlo Gambino, Italian-born American mafioso (Gambino family), born in Palermo, Sicily, Italy (d. 1976)

Gangster Carlo Gambino
Gangster
Carlo Gambino
  • 1903 Karl Hanke, Nazi official (d. 1945)
  • 1905 Siaka Stevens, President of Sierra Leone (d. 1988)
  • 1911 Karl AF Schiller, West German economist/SPD-minister
  • 1915 Alice B[radley] Sheldon, US, sci-fi author (Byte Beautiful)
  • 1915 James Tiptree, Jr., American writer (d. 1987)
  • 1916 Anita V Figueredo, physician/humanitarian
  • 1916 Peter Crichton Kirkpatrick, oarsman
  • 1918 Ray McIntire, chemical engineer
  • 1918 Sikander Bakht, Governor of Kerala (d. 2004)
  • 1922 René Lévesque, Premier of Quebec (d. 1987)
  • 1922 Howard Zinn, American historian and activist
  • 1923 Arthur Jensen, American psychologist, (d. 2012)
  • 1926 Nancy Spero, Cleveland USA, American feminist artist
  • 1927 Roger Danneels, Flemish accordionist
  • 1927 William V Shannon, journalist/ambassador to Ireland (1977-81)
  • 1927 David Ireland, Australian author
  • 1927 Harry Markowitz, American economist, Nobel laureate
  • 1932 Robert D. Hales, LDS apostle

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1933 Yasser Arafat, Chairman of the Palestinian Liberation Organization, 1st President of the Palestinian National Authority (1994-2004) and 1994 Nobel peace prize winner, born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2004)

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat
  • 1936 William J Coyne, (Rep-D-Pennsylvania, 1981- )
  • 1936 A. S. Byatt, English novelist
  • 1936 Kenny Guinn, American Governor, Nevada
  • 1937 Moshood Kashimawo Olawale Abiola, Nigerian politician (d. 1998)
  • 1938 Mason Williams, American writer (Smother Brothers Hour), born in Abilene, Texas
  • 1938 Halldór Blöndal, Icelandic politician
  • 1940 Francine Lalonde, Quebec politician
  • 1942 Karen Keskulla Uhlenbeck, mathemetician/educator
  • 1942 Max Cleland, American politician
  • 1942 Howard Jacobson, British novelist and newspaper columnist
  • 1943 Pini Zahavi, Israeli football agent
  • 1944 Gregory Bruce Jarvis, astronaut (STS 25), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1946 Richard "Dick" N Richards, Key West, USN/astr (STS 28, 41, 50, 64)
  • 1947 Paulo Coelho, Brazilian author
  • 1947 Vladimir Masorin, Russian admiral
  • 1948 Kim Sung-Il, Chief of Staff of Republic of Korea Air Force
  • 1949 Anna Lee Fisher, St Albans NY, MD/astronaut (STS 51-A)
  • 1950 Tim White, American anthropologist
  • 1951 Orson Scott Card, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, Nebula, Ender's War)
  • 1951 Oscar Hijuelos, American author, (d. 2013)
  • 1952 Bob Corker, American politician (Senator from Tennessee), born in Orangeburg, South Carolina
  • 1955 Mike Huckabee, US politician (Governor of Arkansas (R) 1996-2007), Presidential candidate, born in Hope Arkansas
  • 1956 John Culberson, American politician
  • 1958 Tracy Harris, American artist
  • 1958 Chris Offutt, American author
  • 1960 Franz Vienboeck, Austria, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-13)
  • 1960 Steven W Lindsey, Arcadia California, Major USAF/astronaut (STS 87, sk:95)
  • 1961 Ingrid Berghmans, Belgian judoka
  • 1962 Mary Ellen Weber, PhD/astronaut (STS 70), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1963 Hideo Kojima, Japanese video game director
  • 1964 Salizhan Sharkirovich Sharipov, Kirhizia, astronaut (STS-89)
  • 1970 Dan Henderson, American Mixed martial artist
  • 1977 John Green, American author (The Fault in Our Stars) and vlogger, born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • 2003 Alexandre Coste, son of Albert II, Prince of Monaco

Weddings in History

  • 1561 Willem of Orange marries duchess Anna of Saxon

HeartWedding of Interest

1899 Businessman James Cash Penney (24) weds Bertha Alva Hess

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney

Divorces in History

  • 1976 Actress Zsa Zsa Gabor (59) divorces her sixth husband, toy inventor Jack Ryan (49) after 1 year of marriage

Deaths in History

  • 1103 Magnus III Berbein, [Blootbeen], King of Norway (1093-1103), dies
  • 1217 Eustace "the Monk", French buccaneer, dies in battle
  • 1313 Henry VII, Roman Catholic German King/emperor (1308/12-13), dies
  • 1371 Edward, Duke of Guelders (1361-71) and Count of Zutphen, mortally wounded in the battle at 35
  • 1540 Girolamo Francesco Maria Mazzola, Italian painter (b. 1503)
  • 1542 Gasparo Contarini, Italian diplomat and cardinal (b. 1483)
  • 1572 Gaspard de Châtillon, Count the Coligny, French gen/admiral and Huguenot leader, beheaded
  • 1572 Death of thousands of French Protestants by Roman Catholics in the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre, beginning in Paris
  • 1572 Pierre de la Ramée, French humanist (b. 1515)
  • 1572 Charles de Téligny, French Huguenot soldier (bc. 1535)
  • 1647 Nicholas Stone "Elder", English sculptor/architect, dies at about 61
  • 1664 Maria Cunitz, Silesian astronomer (bc. 1610)
  • 1666 Francisco M the Melo, Portuguese author (Obras Morales), dies at 57
  • 1679 Jean François Paul de Gondi, cardinal de Retz, French churchman and agitator (b. 1614)
  • 1680 Ferdinand Bulb, Dutch painter/etcher, buried
  • 1680 Thomas Blood, Irish-born thief of the British crown jewels (b. 1618)
  • 1683 John Owen, English non-conformist theologian (b. 1616)
  • 1759 Ewald C von Kleist, German poet, dies at 44
  • 1770 Thomas Chatterton, English poet (Revenge), dies
  • 1779 Saint Cosmas of Aetolia, Greek Orthodox martyr (b. 1714)
  • 1798 Thomas Alcock, English clergyman (b. 1709)
  • 1801 Jacques-Denis Antoine, French builder (La Monnaie Paris), dies at 68
  • 1832 Nicolas Léonard Sadi Carnot, French mathematician (b. 1796)
  • 1833 Adrian H Haworth, English entomologist/botanist, dies at 65
  • 1841 Theodore Edward Hook, English author (b. 1788)
  • 1888 Rudolph J E Clausius, German physicist (thermodynamics), dies
  • 1889 Jan E Matzeliger, Suriname inventor (shoe lacing machine), dies
  • 1895 John F Loudon, entrepreneur/colonial director, dies at 74
  • 1906 Alfred Stevens, Belgian painter, dies
  • 1907 Pieter Louis Tak, writer (Chronicle), dies at 58
  • 1912 Alfred Berger, Austrian playwright, dies at 59
  • 1921 Nikolay Gumilyov, Russian poet (b. 1886)
  • 1923 Kate Douglas Wiggin, author (US kindergarten movement), dies at 66
  • 1940 Paul G Nipkow, German TV pioneer (Nipkow disk), dies at 80
  • 1943 Ernst Ottwalt, writer, dies
  • 1943 Simone Weil, French philosopher and social activist (b. 1909)
  • 1950 Ernst Wiechert, writer, dies at 63

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1954 Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil (1930-45, 1951-54), modernizer and dictator, commits suicide at 71

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • 1958 John G Strijdom, premier of South Africa (1954-58), dies at 65
  • 1958 Paul Henry, Northern Irish artist (b. 1876)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1967 Henry J. Kaiser, industrialist (Boulder Dam, Liberty ship), dies at 85

Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser
Industrialist
Henry J. Kaiser
  • 1974 Alexander de Seversky, Russian-American aviation pioneer (b. 1894)
  • 1975 Charles H Revson, US cosmetic magnate, dies at 69
  • 1979 Hanna Reitsch, German test pilot (b. 1912)
  • 1979 Sampson Sievers, Russian Orthodox Christian monk and wonder-worker (b. 1898)
  • 1983 Shawn Lewis, 5th wife of Jerry Lee Lewis, dies of methadone OD
  • 1987 Bayard Rustin, US civil rights activist, dies at 77
  • 1988 Max Shulman, author (Dobie Gillis, Tender Trap), dies at 69
  • 1990 Sergei Dovlatov, Russian writer (b. 1941)
  • 1990 Gailli AbedElrhman, Sudanese writer (b. 1931)
  • 1991 Beb [Elizabeth] Vuyk, Neth/Indon writer (Camp Diary), dies at 86
  • 1991 Bernard Castro, patented convertible couch, dies at 87
  • 1992 Andreas M Donner, Dutch state leader/jurist (Constitution), dies at 74
  • 1994 Jason McRoy, downhill MTB racer, dies at 23
  • 1994 Wijnanda MC "Nan" Aberson, friend of Gerard Van de Reve Sr, dies at 82
  • 1995 Erich Geiringer, general Practitioner campaigner, dies at 78
  • 1996 Ahmed Bahauddin, journalist, dies at 69
  • 1996 Emile Noel, international civil servant, dies at 73
  • 1996 John Christopherson, artist/collector, dies at 75
  • 1996 Robert Louis Tewdwr Moss, journalist/travel writer, dies at 42
  • 1997 Phillip Humphrey Vellacott, classicist, dies at 90
  • 2002 Nikolay Guryanov Russian Orthodox Christian mystic and priest (b. 1909)
  • 2003 Sir Wilfred Thesiger, British explorer (b. 1910)
  • 2004 Elisabeth Kübler-Ross, Swiss-born psychiatrist (b. 1926)
  • 2007 Andrée P. Boucher, Mayor of Quebec City (b. 1937)
  • 2012 Pauli Ellefsen, Prime Minister of the Faroe Islands, dies at 76
  • 2016 Walter Scheel, German politician, West German Foreign Minister and President, dies at 97
  • 2016 Roger Y. Tsien, American chemist (Nobel Prize 2008), dies at 64
  • 2016 Michel Butor, French novelist and essayist (La Modification), dies at 89