On This Day in History for August 25

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 123

  • 325 Council of Nicaea ends with adoption of the Nicene Creed establishing the doctrine of the Holy Trinity
  • 357 Battle at Straatsburg: Julianus beats Alamannen, Chonodomarius caught
  • 1212 Children's crusade under Nicolas (10) reaches Genoa
  • 1248 The Dutch city of Ommen receives city rights and fortification rights from Otto III, the Archbishop of Utrecht.
  • 1330 AntiPope Nicholas V, having obtained assurance of pardon, presents a confession of his sins to Pope John XXII, at Avignon, who absolved him
  • 1425 Countess Jacoba of Bavaria escapes from jail
  • 1499 Battle at Sapienza: Turkish fleet beats Venetians
  • 1537 The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, is formed.
  • 1540 Explorer Hernando de Alarcon travels up Colorado River
  • 1566 Iconoclastic fury begins in Dutch province Utrecht
  • 1580 Battle of Alcantara, Spain defeats Portugal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1609 Galileo demonstrates his 1st telescope to Venetian lawmakers

Astronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer & Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1628 Assault on sultan of Mantarams of Batavia
  • 1654 Battle of Arras: Louis de Bourbon, Prince of Condé, failed to take Arras and withdrew to Cambrai.
  • 1689 Battle at Charleroi: Spanish & English armies chase French
  • 1689 Montreal taken by Iroquois

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1698 Tsar Peter the Great returns to Moscow after trip through Western Europe

Russian Tsar Peter the Great
Russian Tsar
Peter the Great
  • 1718 Hundreds of French colonists arrive in Louisiana; New Orleans founded

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1768 Captain James Cook departs from Plymouth, England, on his first voyage on board the Endeavour, bound for the Pacific Ocean

Captain/Explorer James Cook
Captain/Explorer
James Cook
Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks
  • 1795 Curaçao slaves opponents returns to St Christopher
  • 1802 Toussaint L'Ouverture imprisoned in Fort de Joux, Jura, France
  • 1814 British forces destroy Library of Congress, containing 3,000 books (War of 1812)
  • 1825 Uruguay declares independence from Brazil (National Day)
  • 1829 President Jackson makes an offer to buy Texas, but Mexican government refuses
  • 1830 Belgium revolts against Netherlands and begins the Belgian Revolution
  • 1835 New York Sun publishes Moon hoax story about John Herschel
  • 1862 US Secretary of War authorizes Gen Rufus Saxton to arm 5,000 slaves
  • 1864 Combination rail & ferry service available from San Francisco to Alameda
  • 1864 Petersburg Campaign-Battle of Ream's Station
  • 1875 Matthew Webb becomes 1st to swim English Channel (21h 45m)
  • 1886 1st international polo meet (US vs England)
  • 1894 -26] Balinese troops assault Dutch army, 97 killed
  • 1894 Japanese scientist Shibasaburo Kitasato discovers the infectious agent of the bubonic plague and publishes his findings in The Lancet
  • 1898 700 Greeks and 15 Englishmen are slaughtered by the Turks in Heraklion, Greece.
  • 1908 Allen Winter wins US 1st $50,000 trotting race
  • 1908 National Association of Colored Nurses forms
  • 1910 Yellow Cab is founded.
  • 1912 1st time an aircraft recovers from a spin
  • 1912 Different nationalities battle with each other in Macedonia
  • 1912 The Kuomintang, the Chinese nationalist party, is founded.
  • 1914 -26] Belgian offensive at Antwerp
  • 1914 Belgium: German army begins 6 week plundering of Leuven, Belgium
  • 1914 German Zeppelins bomb Antwerp, Belgium, 10 die
  • 1914 German troops march into France and push French army to the Sedan
  • 1915 Hurricane kills 275 in Galveston, Texas with $50 million damage
  • 1916 US Department of Interior forms National Park Service
  • 1919 1st scheduled passenger service by airplane (Paris-London)
  • 1920 Russia suffers a final decisive defeat in the Battle of Warsaw against Poland
  • 1921 US signs peace treaty with Germany
  • 1921 The first skirmishes of the Battle of Blair Mountain, a civil uprising in Logan County, West Virginia
  • 1924 International maritime treaty drawn
  • 1925 Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters organizes (Harlem NY)
  • 1925 Last Belgian troops vacate Duisburg
  • 1926 Pavlos Koundouris becomes president of Greece

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Graf Zeppelin passes over SF for LA after trans-Pacific voyage

Inventor and Zeppelin Commander Hugo Eckener
Inventor and Zeppelin Commander
Hugo Eckener

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 Amelia Earhart completes transcontinental flight

  • 1937 Japanese fleet blockades Chinese coast
  • 1940 First British night bombing of Germany (Berlin)
  • 1940 Lithuania, Latvia & Estonia incorporated into Soviet Union
  • 1941 British & Soviet troops attack pro-German Iran
  • 1941 German troops conquer Nowgorod, Leningrad
  • 1942 SS begins transporting Jews of Maastricht
  • 1943 German occupiers impose 72-hour work week
  • 1943 Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten appointed Supreme Allied Commander in SE Asia
  • 1943 Red Army under Gen Vatutin recaptures Achtyrka
  • 1943 US forces overrun New Georgia in Solomon Islands during WW II
  • 1944 France 2nd Tank division under General Leclerc reaches Notre Dame
  • 1944 General De Gaulle walks the Champs Elysees in Paris after the liberation of the city from Nazi occupation
  • 1944 Paris liberated from Nazi occupation (Freedom Tuesday)
  • 1944 US 12nd Army Corps reaches Troyes
  • 1945 Jewish immigrants are permitted to leave Mauritius for Palestine
  • 1947 Marion Carl in D-558-I sets world aircraft speed record of 1,047 kph
  • 1950 US President Harry Truman orders army to take control of railroad to avert a strike
  • 1952 Det Tiger Virgil Trucks 2nd no-hitter of yr, beats Yankees, 1-0
  • 1952 Puerto Rico becomes a US commonwealth
  • 1955 Last Soviet forces leave Austria
  • 1956 To make room for Enos Slaughter, NY Yanks release Phil Rizzuto
  • 1957 Prince Suvanna Phuma forms government in LAOS, with Pathet Lao

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Momofuku Ando markets the first package of precooked instant noodles (Chikin Ramen)

Inventor of Instant Noodles Momofuku Ando
Inventor of Instant Noodles
Momofuku Ando
  • 1960 Demonstrations against premier Lumumba
  • 1961 Brazilian president Janio Quadros, resigns
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1964 Singapore limits imports from Netherlands due to Indonesian aggression
  • 1967 Paraguay accepts its constitution
  • 1967 Train crash at Beesd, Netherlands: 2 die
  • 1971 Leader of the Social Democratic and Labour Party Gerry Fitt presents a number of allegations of brutality by the security forces in Northern Ireland to representatives of the United Nations
  • 1973 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1973 Zambia adopts constitution
  • 1974 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1974 LA Aztecs defeat Miami Toros to win NASL cup
  • 1976 Harm Wiersma becomes world checker champion
  • 1976 Yanks beat Twins 5-4 in 19 innings
  • 1979 Somali adopts constitution
  • 1981 Jeff Schwartz, sets solo record for trampoline bouncing (266:09)
  • 1981 Voyager 2's closest approach to Saturn (63,000 miles/100,000 km)
  • 1983 US & USSR sign $10 billion grain pact
  • 1984 French airship capsizes
  • 1984 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1985 STS 51-I scrubbed at T -9m because of an onboard computer problem

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1530 Ivan IV [Ivan the Terrible], 1st tsar of Russia (1533-84), born in Kolomenskoye, Russia (d. 1584)

Russian Tsar Ivan the Terrible
Russian Tsar
Ivan the Terrible
  • 1561 Philippe van Lansberge, Dutch astronomer (d. 1632)
  • 1624 François de la Chaise, French confessor of Louis XIV of France (d. 1709)
  • 1662 John Leverett the Younger, American educator (d. 1724)
  • 1664 Johan van de Bergh, Leids regent
  • 1724 George Stubbs, England, animal painter (Horse Frightened by Lion)
  • 1741 Karl Friedrich Bahrdt, German theologian (d. 1792)
  • 1744 Johann G von Herder, German philosopher/theologist/poet
  • 1767 Antoine Louis Léon de Richebourg de Saint-Just, French revolutionary and writer (d. 1794)
  • 1775 Charlotte J T, infant of Portugal (Court in Rio de Janeiro)
  • 1786 [Charles] Louis I, (Augustus), King of Bavaria (Lola Montez)
  • 1788 Cornelis J van Assen, Dutch jurist (Language of the Constitution)
  • 1796 James Lick, American land baron (d. 1876)
  • 1803 Luís Alves de Lima e Silva, the Duque de Caxias, Brazilian military leader
  • 1811 Joseph Dana Webster, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1812 Percival Drayton, Capt (Union Navy), (d. 1865)
  • 1819 Allan Pinkerton, founded Chicago detective agency
  • 1823 John Newton, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1895)
  • 1825 Henry Warner Birge, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1836 Bret Harte, US, author (Outcasts of Poker Flat)
  • 1841 Theodor Kocher, Swiss surgeon, thyroid specialist (Nobel 1909)
  • 1845 Ludwig II, mad king of Bavaria (1864-86)
  • 1846 Louise J Gautier, French poetess
  • 1851 [Willem] Alexander KHF, prince of Orange/Netherlands
  • 1867 James W. Gerard, American jurist and diplomat (d. 1951)
  • 1877 Joshua L Cowen, inventor (electric train)
  • 1882 Seán T. O'Kelly, Irish politician (d. 1966)
  • 1893 Henry Trendley Dean, American dental researcher (d. 1962)
  • 1898 Helmut Hasse, German mathematician (d. 1975)
  • 1903 Bruno Bettelheim, Austrian/US psycho-analyst (Uses of Enchantment)
  • 1903 Arpad Elo, American chess writer (d. 1992)
  • 1905 Faustina Kowalska, Polish mystic (d. 1938)
  • 1906 Eugen Gerstenmaier, German politician (CDU)
  • 1906 Mollie Panter-Downes, writer
  • 1907 Desmond Flower, publisher
  • 1908 Esther Waterhouse, doctor/methodist
  • 1910 J B Charles, [Willem H Nagel], criminologist/writer
  • 1910 Dorothea Tanning, Galesburg, Illinios, artist (Nachtmusik,1943, Night Shadow, 1945), (d. 2012)
  • 1911 Vo Nguyen Giap (Võ Nguyên Giáp), Vietnamese general and statesman, (d. 2013)
  • 1912 Erich Honecker, German politician, Head of State of East Germany 1971-89), born in Neunkirchen (d. 1994)
  • 1913 Walt Kelly, cartoonist, creator (Pogo)
  • 1915 Walter Trampler, violist (Beaux Arts Trio), born in Munich. Germany
  • 1916 Frederic Robbins, US bacteriologist
  • 1916 Frederick Chapman Robbins, American pediatrician and virologist; Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2003)
  • 1916 Saburo Sakai, Japanese aviator (d. 2000)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1919 George Wallace, American politician (Gov-D-Ala) and presidential candidate, born in Clio, Alabama (d. 1998)

Politician and Segregationist George Wallace
Politician and Segregationist
George Wallace
  • 1920 Jef Diederen, Dutch painter
  • 1921 Brian Moore, Ireland, novelist (Catholics, Doctor's Wife)
  • 1921 Monty Hall, TV game show host (Lets Make a Deal), born in Winnipeg Canada
  • 1921 Bryce Mackasey, Canadian politician (d. 1999)
  • 1925 Thea Astley, Australian writer, (d. 2004)
  • 1931 Regis Philbin, American talk & game show host (Joey Bishop Show, Live with Regis & Kathie Lee), born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1932 Anatoli Yakovlevich Kartashov, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1934 John Stears, special effects expert (Dr No), born in Middlesex, England
  • 1934 Valery F Bykovsky, USSR, cosmonaut (Vostok V, Soyuz 22, 31/39)
  • 1934 Lise Bacon, French Canadian politician
  • 1934 Akbar Hashemi Rafsanjani, 4th President of Iran (1989-97) and de facto commander-in-chief of the Iranian military during the Iran-Iraq War, born in Bahreman, Persia (d. 2017)
  • 1935 Charles Wright, American poet
  • 1936 Max Beauvoir, Haiti Chief Voodoo Priest, (d. 2015)
  • 1938 Frederick Forsyth, author (Day of the Jackal, Deceiver, Odessa File)
  • 1939 John Badham, Luton England, director (Dracula, Short Circuit)
  • 1941 Shirley Carter Burden, patrician
  • 1942 Nathen Deal, (Rep-D-Georgia)
  • 1944 Sherley Anne Williams, US literary (Dessa Rose)
  • 1944 Conrad Black, newspaper magnate
  • 1946 Larry LaRocco, (Rep-D-Idaho)
  • 1946 Charles Ghigna (Father Goose), American poet and Children's Author
  • 1947 Wim J van Gelder, Dutch MP (PvdA)
  • 1949 Martin Amis, English novelist
  • 1963 James Backhouse, British artist
  • 1964 Timothy Nicholson, journalist
  • 1964 Maxim Kontsevich, Russian mathematician
  • 1964 Vassilios Kotronias, Greek chess grandmaster
  • 1971 Quintis "Chico" Ristie, Suriname radio host
  • 1975 Jeremy Horn, American MMA Fighter
  • 1981 Clare Oliver, Australian cancer activist (d. 2007)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1749 British admiral Samuel Hood (24) weds Susannah Linzee in Portsmouth, England

British Admiral Samuel Hood
British Admiral
Samuel Hood
  • 1885 "Little House On The Prairie" author Laura Ingalls Wilder (18) weds Almonzo James Wilder (28)

HeartWedding of Interest

1925 Suffragette Kate Sheppard (78) weds printer and author William Sidney Lovell-Smith (72) in Christchurch, New Zealand

Suffragette Kate Sheppard
Suffragette
Kate Sheppard
  • 1940 1st parachute wedding: Reverend Homer Tomlinson marries Arno Rudolphi and Ann Hayward while all are suspended in parachutes.

HeartWedding of Interest

1962 Retired general Colin Powell (25) weds audiologist Alma Johnson (24) at the First Congregational Church in Birmingham, Alabama

General and US Secretary of State Colin Powell
General and US Secretary of State
Colin Powell
  • 2001 Crown Prince Haakon of Norway, eldest son of King Harald V & heir married commoner Mette-Marit Tjessem H

Deaths in History

  • 79 Gaius Plinius Secundus, [Pliny the Elder], Roman admiral/writer, dies during eruption of Mount Vesuvius
  • 383 Gratian (Flavius Gratianus), Emperor of Rome (375-383), murdered at 25
  • 471 Gennadius I, Patriarch of Constantinople (b. 458)
  • 882 Louis III, King of France (879-82), dies at 19
  • 1192 Hugh III, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1142)
  • 1227 Ghengis Khan, [Temudjin], founded Mongolia, dies
  • 1270 Louis IX, the Saint, King of France (1226-70), dies from plague at 56
  • 1282 Thomas Cantilupe, English saint (b. ca 1218)
  • 1330 Sir James Douglas, Scottish soldier (b. 1286)
  • 1346 Louis of Nevers, Count of Flanders, dies in battle

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1482 Margaret of Anjou, wife of King Henry VI of England, dies at 52

Queen Consort to King Henry VI of England Margaret of Anjou
Queen Consort to King Henry VI of England
Margaret of Anjou
  • 1554 Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk, English great admiral, dies
  • 1556 David Jorisz, Flemish glass blower/sect leader, dies at about 54
  • 1580 Frederick Schenk van Toutenburg, last archbishop of Utrecht, dies
  • 1632 Thomas Dekker, English dramatist (b. ca. 1572)
  • 1649 Richard Crashaw, English clergyman/poet, dies at about 36

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1688 Henry Morgan, Welsh pirate and privateer who raided Spanish settlements and shipping, dies at 53

Pirate Henry Morgan
Pirate
Henry Morgan
  • 1699 King Christian V of Denmark (b. 1646)
  • 1711 Edward Villiers, 1st Earl of Jersey, English politician

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1776 David Hume, Scottish philosopher and historian (A Treatise of Human Nature), dies of abdominal cancer at 65

Philosopher David Hume
Philosopher
David Hume
  • 1789 Mary Ball Washington, mother of George, dies
  • 1792 Jacques Cazotte, French writer (b. 1719)
  • 1835 Ann Rutledge, said to be Abraham Lincoln's true love, dies at 22
  • 1840 Karl Leberecht Immermann, German writer, dies at 44
  • 1846 Giuseppe Acerbi, Italian nature investigator/diplomat, dies at 73
  • 1867 Michael Faraday, English scientist (b. 1791)
  • 1868 Costache Negruzzi, Romanian author/poet, dies at about 60
  • 1868 Henry P Scholte, Dutch/US vicar (Iowa), dies at 62
  • 1868 Jacob van Lennep, Dutch 2nd member of parliament, dies at 66
  • 1900 Kuroda Kiyotaka, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1840)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1900 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Übermensch and the doctrine of eternal return), dies at 55

Philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche
Philosopher
Friedrich Nietzsche
  • 1901 Clara Maass, army nurse sacrificied her life at 25 to prove that the mosquito carries yellow fever
  • 1904 William Hall, Canadian Royal Naval sailor (b. 1827)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1908 Henri Becquerel, French physicist who discovered radioactivity (Nobel 1903), dies at 55

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Henri Becquerel
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Henri Becquerel
  • 1924 Mariano Álvarez, Filipino general (b. 1818)
  • 1925 Franz Conrad von Hötzendorf, Austro-Hungarian field marshal (b. 1852)
  • 1936 Grogorij J Zinovjev, Russian revolutionary, dies
  • 1938 Aleksander Kuprin, Russian author (Jama), dies at 67
  • 1942 George EAE, English prince/earl of St Andrews, dies in battle at 39
  • 1942 W van Daalen, opposition leader on Celebes, beheaded
  • 1942 George Edward Alexander Windsor, Duke of Kent (b. 1902)
  • 1944 Krijn van den Helm, resistance fighter (KP Leeuwarden), shot to death
  • 1944 Mussa Dshalil, writer, dies
  • 1945 John Birch, American intelligence officer and missionary (b. 1918)
  • 1947 Clark Wissler, US cultural anthropologist, dies at 76
  • 1956 Alfred C Kinsey, American biologist, zoologist and sexologist ("The Kinsey Reports"), dies at 62 from a heart ailment and pneumonia
  • 1957 Leo Perutz, Austrian writer and mathematician, dies at 74
  • 1967 George Lincoln Rockwell, head of American Nazi Party, assassinated
  • 1967 Stanley Bruce, eighth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1883)
  • 1975 John R Dunning, US physicist, dies at 67
  • 1976 Eyvind Johnson, Swedish author (Nobel-1974), dies at 76

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1984 Truman Capote, American author (In Cold Blood), dies of liver cancer at 59

  • 1988 Price Daniel, (Gov/Sen-D-Texas), dies at 77
  • 1990 Morley Callaghan, Canadian writer (b. 1903)
  • 1991 Don Nute, entertainer, dies of AIDS at 56
  • 1991 Niven Busch, US writer (Duel in the Sun), dies
  • 1991 Sergei Ajromeiev, soviet general, commits suicide
  • 1992 Jan G Toonder, writer (Castle in Ireland), dies at 78
  • 1993 Amy Biehl, US activist in South-Africa, murdered at 26
  • 1994 Ramdas Nayak, Indies hindu leader/politician, murdered at about 52
  • 1996 Dai Houying, writer, dies at 58
  • 1996 Erskine Childers, UN official/civil servant, dies at 67
  • 1996 Les Burns, local councillor, dies at 53
  • 1997 Clodomiro Almeyda Medina, Chilean external minister (1970-73), dies
  • 1997 Robert Pinget, novelist/Playwright, dies at 78
  • 2000 Carl Barks, American cartoonist (b. 1901)
  • 2002 Dorothy Hewett, Australian writer (b. 1923)
  • 2005 Peter Glotz, German politician (b. 1939)
  • 2008 Pavle Kozjek, Slovenian mountaineer (b. 1959)
  • 2009 Edward [Ted] M. Kennedy, United States Senator from Massachusetts (b. 1932)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2012 Neil Armstrong, American astronaut, dies from heart surgery complications at 82

Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon Neil Armstrong
Astronaut & 1st Man on the Moon
Neil Armstrong
  • 2015 Frank E. Petersen Jr, American soldier and 1st African American Marine aviator & General, dies at 83
  • 2016 Sonia Rykiel, French fashion designer, dies at 86
  • 2016 James Cronin, American nuclear physicist (Physics Nobel Prize 1980), dies at 84