On This Day in History for August 26

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 107

  • 1071 Battle of Manzikert, Byzantine Armenia (modern Malazgirt, Turkey). Fought between Byzantine Empire and Seljuq Turks.
  • 1278 Battle of Marchfeld: Rudolf of Habsburg defeats Ottokar II
  • 1303 Ala ud din Khilji captures Chittorgarh.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1346 Battle of Crécy, south of Calais in northern France; Edward III's English longbows defeat Philip VI's army, cannons used for first time in battle

King of England Edward III
King of England
Edward III
  • 1466 A conspiracy against Piero di Cosimo de Medici in Florence, led by Luca Pitti, is discovered.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1498 Michelangelo is commissioned to carve the Pietà.

Painter Michelangelo
Painter
Michelangelo

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1541 Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent occupies Buda and annexes Hungary

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1545 Pope Paul III names his son Pierluigi Farnese as Duke of Parma
  • 1629 Cambridge Agreement, Massachusetts Bay Company stockholders agree to emigrate
  • 1634 Battle at Nordlingen Bavarian: emperor Ferdinand II & Spain beat Sweden & German protestants
  • 1641 West India Company conquers Sao Paulo de Loanda, Angola
  • 1648 People's uprising against Anna of Austria & Cardinal Mazarin
  • 1652 Battle of Plymouth: General-at-Sea George Ayscue of the Commonwealth of England attacked a convoy of the Dutch Republic commanded by Vice-Commodore Michiel de Ruyter. Dutch victory
  • 1745 Britan, Prussia & Hannover sign treaty
  • 1748 The first Lutheran denomination in North America, the Pennsylvania Ministerium, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
  • 1778 The first recorded ascent of Triglav, the highest mountain in Slovenia.
  • 1791 John Fitch granted US patent for his working steamboat
  • 1794 French troops occupy Lock
  • 1843 Charles Thurber patents a typewriter
  • 1846 Felix Mendelssohn's "Elijah" premieres
  • 1846 W A Bartlett appointed 1st US mayor of Yerba Buena (SF)
  • 1858 First news dispatch by telegraph.
  • 1863 Battle of Rocky Gap, WV (White Sulphur Springs)
  • 1873 First free kindergarten in the U.S. started by Susan Blow in Carondelet, a suburb of St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1874 16 blacks lynched in Tennessee
  • 1894 Netherlands Social-Democratic Worker's party (SDAP) forms
  • 1895 Electric generator at Niagara Falls produces first power
  • 1896 Armenian Revolutionary Federation assaults the Ottoman Bank in Constantinople to draw attention to the mass-pogroms and massacres of Armenians instigated by the Ottoman Sultan Abdul-Hamid II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907 Harry Houdini escapes from chains underwater at Aquatic Park in 57 seconds

Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini
Magician & Escape Artist
Harry Houdini
  • 1909 Middlesex beat Gloucs (Bristol) by Inn & 31 in a single day
  • 1914 -9/10] Russian army attacks Austrian army in Galicia
  • 1914 Battle of Tannenberg (WWI) - 8th German army defeats Russian Narev army
  • 1915 German troops overrun Brest-Litovsk, Russia
  • 1916 Philadelphia A's Bullet Joe Bush no-hits Cleve, 5-0
  • 1916 Yanks turn triple-play beating Browns 10-6
  • 1918 W Smith & F Bacon's "Lightnin'" premieres in NYC
  • 1920 Percy Fender (Surrey v Northants) scores 100 in 35 mins
  • 1922 Japanese cruiser Niitaka driven onto rocks in storm at Kamchatka, 284 killed
  • 1924 The Catastrophe of Smyrna: known as the Asia Minor Catastrophe to Greeks. The Ottoman army expels Greeks and other non-Turks from Asia Minor. (August 13 OS)
  • 1929 First US roller coaster built
  • 1930 Hack Wilson hits his 44th HR, breaks Chuck Klein's NL record
  • 1935 CCC camp opens in Brecksville Reservation of Cleveland Metroparks
  • 1937 Franco's troops conquer Santander
  • 1937 Pumping to build Treasure Island in SF Bay is finished
  • 1938 British leaders & Arabians fight in Palestine
  • 1939 Belgium mobilizes
  • 1939 Croatia gets autonomous status
  • 1940 Chad is the first French colony to join the Allies under the administration of Félix Éboué, France's first black colonial governor.
  • 1942 7,000 Jews are rounded up in Vichy-France
  • 1942 Japanese troops land on Milne Bay, New-Guinea
  • 1942 Russian counter offensive begins in Moscow
  • 1942 Transport #24 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1944 Bulgaria announces withdrawal & German troops are to be disarmed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Charles de Gaulle marches along the Champs-Elysees, despite coming under fire.

French President Charles de Gaulle
French President
Charles de Gaulle
  • 1944 US 12nd Army Corps crosses river Seine East of Paris
  • 1945 Japanese diplomats board USS Missouri to receive instructions on Japan's surrender at the end of WWII
  • 1951 Jongbloed in Paris demonstrates artificial heart
  • 1951 "An American in Paris" with music by George Gershwin, directed by Vincente Minnell and starring Gene Kelly and Leslie Caron premieres in London (Best Picture 1952)
  • 1952 Fluoridation of SF water begins
  • 1957 USSR announces successful test of intercontinental ballistic missile
  • 1959 British Motor Corporation introduced the Morris Mini-Minor, designed by Alec Issigonis it was only 10 ft long but seated 4 passengers
  • 1961 Official International Hockey Hall of Fame opens in Toronto
  • 1964 Italian Communist Party selects Luigi Longo as chairman

Electoral defeatPresidential Convention

1964 LBJ nominated at Democratic convention in Atlantic City, NJ

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1966 KLOC (now KCSO) channel 42 in Charlotte, NC (PBS) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 Dean Chance pitches a 2-1 no-hitter, & Twins sweep Cleveland
  • 1967 Dutch 2nd Chamber demands US stop bombing North Vietnam
  • 1970 Minister of Home Affairs Robert Porter resigns from the Stormont government (North Ireland parliament)
  • 1971 Dutch Queen Juliana & Prince Bernhard visit Indonesia
  • 1971 NY Giant football team announces they're leaving Bronx for NJ in 1975
  • 1972 NY Cosmos beat St Louis Stars, 2-1 to win NASL championship
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1973 University of Texas (Arlington) is first accredited school to offer belly dancing
  • 1973 10-year-old Mary Boitano is 1st woman to win 6.8-mile Dipsea Race in Marin County, CA, beating a field of 1,500 runners
  • 1974 Guinee-Bissau becomes independent of Portugal
  • 1974 Soyuz 15 carries 2 cosmonauts to space station Salyut 3
  • 1977 Frank Martinus Arion forms Surinamese Writers group 77
  • 1978 Cardinal Albino Luciani of Venice becomes Pope John Paul I
  • 1978 Soyuz 31 carries 2 cosmonauts (1 East German) to Salyut 6
  • 1980 John Birges plants a bomb at Harvey's Resort Hotel in Stateline, Nevada.
  • 1981 Space Shuttle vehicle moves to Launch Complex 39A for STS-2 mission
  • 1981 Voyager 2 takes photos of Saturn's moon Titan
  • 1982 NASA launches Telesat-F
  • 1983 Floods destroy most of the old town of Bilbao, Spain.
  • 1984 Tatyana Kazankina of USSR sets 3k woman record (8:22.62) in Leningrad

CommunicationThe Sinking of the Rainbow Warrior

1985 French government denies knowledge of attack on Rainbow Warrior

  • 1986 Robert Chambers, the "Preppie Killer" murders Jennifer Levin in New York City's Central Park, afterwards claimed "rough sex" as motive
  • 1987 Paul Molitor goes 0-for-4 ends hitting streak at 39 consecutive games
  • 1988 Mehran Karimi Nasseri arrives at Charles de Gaulle International Airport.
  • 1989 Trumbull, Conn, is 1st US team since 1983 to win Little League WS
  • 1990 2 murdered college students found in Gainesville, Florida
  • 1990 Bo Jackson hits 4th of 4 consecutive HRs
  • 1995 Andrew Symonds hits 20 sixes in match for Gloucestershire v Glamorgan

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996 US President Bill Clinton signs welfare reform into law, representing major shift in welfare policy

42nd US President Bill Clinton
42nd US President
Bill Clinton
  • 1997 Beni-Ali massacre in Algeria; 60-100 people killed.
  • 1999 Michael Johnson breaks the 400 metres world record with a time of 43.18 seconds.
  • 2002 Earth Summit 2002 begins in Johannesburg, South Africa.
  • 2003 The Columbia Accident Investigation Board releases its final reports on Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  • 2008 Russia unilaterally recognizes the independence of the former Georgian breakaway republics Abkhazia and South Ossetia.
  • 2011 The 787 Dreamliner, Boeing's all-new composite airliner, receives certification from the EASA and the FAA

Birthdays in History

  • 1469 Ferdinand II of Naples (d. 1496)
  • 1540 King Magnus of Livonia (d. 1583)
  • 1596 Frederik V, king of Bohemia (White Mountain)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1676 Robert Walpole, 1st British Prime Minister (Whig: 1721-42), born in Houghton, Norfolk, England (d. 1745)

1st British Prime Minister Robert Walpole
1st British Prime Minister
Robert Walpole
  • 1694 Elisha Williams, American rector of Yale College (d. 1755)
  • 1728 Johann Heinrich Lambert, German scientist (d. 1777)
  • 1736 Jean-Baptiste L. Romé de l'Isle, French chemist (d. 1790)
  • 1740 Joseph-Michel Montgolfier, France, aeronaut (ballooning)
  • 1743 Antoine-Laurent Lavoisier, father of modern chemistry (Oxygen), born in Paris, France
  • 1775 William Joseph Behr, German writer (d. 1851)
  • 1789 Abbas Mirza, Prince of Persia (d. 1833)
  • 1792 Manuel Oribe, Uruguayan political figure (d. 1857)
  • 1811 Danville Leadbetter, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1866)
  • 1813 Nicaise de Keyser, Flemish painter (Battle of Guilder Tracks)
  • 1819 Albert "Bertie" von Saksen-Coburg-Gotha, husband of queen Victoria
  • 1820 James Harlan, (Rep-Iowa)/US Secretary of Interior (1865-66)
  • 1825 Jacobus J Backer, German sea historian
  • 1826 Princess Alexandra of Bavaria (d. 1875)
  • 1833 Charles Jackson Paine, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1835 Theodore Washington Brevard, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • 1842 Heinrich I Quincke, German internist (Lumbaalpunctie)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1845 Mary Ann Nichols, English victim of Jack the Ripper, born in London (d. 1888)

First Victim of Jack the Ripper Mary Ann Nichols
First Victim of Jack the Ripper
Mary Ann Nichols
  • 1850 Charles Richet, French physiologist (anaphylaxis-Nobel 1913)
  • 1862 Herbert Booth, American son of William and Catherine Booth (d. 1926)
  • 1870 Aleksander Kuprin, Russian author (Pojedinok) [NS=Sept 7]
  • 1873 Lee De Forest, Council Bluffs, inventor (Audion vacuum (radio) tube)
  • 1874 Zona Gale, American novelist (d. 1938)
  • 1875 John Buchan, Scotland, Gov-Gen of Canada/writer (Battle of Somme)
  • 1882 James Franck, German naturalist (Nobel 1925)
  • 1882 Johannes Lindeboom, vicar/church historian (Neth Archives)
  • 1884 Earl Biggers, author ("Charlie Chan" detective series)
  • 1885 Jules Romains, France, novelist/playwright/poet (Men of Good Will)
  • 1891 Emmy van Lokhorst, Dutch author
  • 1891 Ferdinand Bruckner, [Theodor Tagger], Austrian playwright (Races)
  • 1896 Ivan Mihailov, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1990)
  • 1897 Yoon Boseon, President of South Korea (d. 1990)
  • 1898 Peggy Guggenheim, art patron & collector
  • 1899 Rufino Tamayo, Mexican painter
  • 1900 Hellmuth Walter, German engineer and inventor (d. 1980)
  • 1901 Gen Maxwell D Taylor, former US Army chief of staff
  • 1901 Jan de Quay, Dutch minister of war/premier (KVP, 1959-63)
  • 1901 Chen Yi, Chinese communist military commander and politician (d. 1972)
  • 1904 Christopher Isherwood, English novelist (Goodbye to Berlin), born in High Lane, Cheshire (d. 1986)
  • 1906 Albert B Sabin, Russia, US microbiologist (oral polio vaccine)
  • 1908 W. B. Henning, Prussian-born Iranist (d. 1967)
  • 1909 Frank Gasparro, US chief engraver (1965-81), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1910 Mother Teresa [Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu], Albanian born Indian nun and founder of Missionaries of Charity (Nobel Peace Prize, 1979), born in Skopje, Ottoman Empire (d. 1997)

Catholic Missionary Mother Teresa
Catholic Missionary
Mother Teresa
  • 1913 Cees de Lange, Dutch conferencier
  • 1914 Julio Cortázar, Argentine writer (d. 1984)
  • 1915 Humphrey Searle, England, writer (20th Century counterpoint)
  • 1916 Allan Leslie Merson, historian
  • 1917 William French Smith, Attorney General (1981-85)
  • 1920 Brant Parker, American cartoonist (d. 2007)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1921 Ben Bradlee, editor/journalist/executive (Washington Post), born in Boston, Massachusetts

Journalist Ben Bradlee
Journalist
Ben Bradlee
  • 1922 Irving R. Levine, American journalist
  • 1925 Jack Hirshleifer, American economist (d. 2005)
  • 1925 Alain Peyrefitte, French politician and writer (d. 1999)
  • 1925 Sangharakshita, Buddhist Philosopher, Founder of the Western Buddhist Order
  • 1927 Francois Leydet, sierra club (Last Redwoods)
  • 1927 Sam Massell, (Mayor-Atlanta)
  • 1927 B. V. Doshi, Indian architect
  • 1928 Naïm Kattan, Canadian novelist and essayist
  • 1931 Gordon Greig, journalist
  • 1931 Guy Vander Jagt, (Rep-R-MI, 1966- )
  • 1932 Joe H Engle, Abilene Ks, Brig Gen USAF/astro (STS T-2, T-4, 2, 51I)
  • 1934 Arthur Gordon Clough, journalist
  • 1935 Cornelis B Vaandrager, [Cor Vaan], Dut poet (Long Live Joop Massaker)
  • 1935 Geraldine Ferraro, (Rep-D-NY) 1st female dem VP candidate (1984)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1939 Jorge Paulo Lemann, Swiss-Brazilian investor, born in Rio de Janeiro

Investor and Beer Mogul Jorge Paulo Lemann
Investor and Beer Mogul
Jorge Paulo Lemann
  • 1941 Barbet Schroeder, director (Barfly, Single White Female, More)
  • 1942 John E Blaha, USAF/astronaut (STS 29, 33, 43, 58, 79/81), born in San Antonio, Texas
  • 1944 Richard A W G, English prince/duke of Gloucester
  • 1945 Melvin Watt, (Rep-D-North Carolina)
  • 1945 Tom Ridge, first United States Secretary of Homeland Security (Rep-R-Pennsylvania)
  • 1949 Robert (Bob) Cowsill, (The Cowsills - Hair, We Can Fly), born in Newport, Rhode Island
  • 1951 Robert G Torricelli, (Rep-D-New Jersey, 1983- )
  • 1952 Will Shortz, American crossword editor
  • 1954 Efren Reyes, Filipino pool player
  • 1959 Kathryn P Hire, Mobile Alabama, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut (sk: STS 90)
  • 1962 Tariq Ramadan, Geneva, Switzerland, Islamic scholar
  • 1969 Elaine Irwin Mellencamp, Allentown Penn, wife of John Cougar
  • 1974 Eric D. Snider, American humor columnist / movie reviewer
  • 1977 Saeko Chiba, Japanese seiyū
  • 1988 Princess Maria Laura of Belgium, Archduchess of Austria-Este

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1926 Poet Arna Bontemps (24) weds fellow Seventh-Day Adventist Alberta Johnson

HeartWedding of Interest

1965 Mobster and nbi informant Henry Hill (22) weds Karen Friedman in North Carolina

Mobster and FBI informant Henry Hill
Mobster and FBI informant
Henry Hill

Divorces in History


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1927 Architect Frank Lloyd Wright (60) divorces artist Maude Noel after almost 4 years of marriage


Deaths in History

  • 1278 Ottokar II, King of Bohemia (1253-78), dies in battle
  • 1346 Jan de Blinde, King of Bohemia/count of Luxemburg, dies in battle
  • 1346 Charles II of Alençon, killed in the Battle of Crécy (b. 1297)
  • 1346 Rudolph, Duke of Lorraine, killed in the Battle of Crécy (b. 1320)
  • 1349 Thomas Bradwardine, Archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1368 Engelbrecht van der Mark, prince-Bishop of Luik (1345-64), dies
  • 1486 Ernst I, ruler of Saxon (1464-86), dies at 45
  • 1518 Giberto X, Italian mister of Correggio/husband of Veronica Gambara
  • 1551 Margareta Leijonhufvud, queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1516)
  • 1572 Petrus Ramus, French philosopher (b. 1515)
  • 1595 Antonio, Prior of Crato, claimant to the throne of Portugal (b. 1531)
  • 1616 Johan van de Veeken, merchant/co-founder (VOC), dies at 66
  • 1666 Frans Hals, Dutch painter (b. circa 1580)
  • 1714 Edward Fowler, English Bishop of Gloucester (b. 1632)
  • 1723 Thonis van Leeuwenhoek, biologist/inventor (microscope), dies at 90
  • 1770 Domingos dos Reis Quita, Portuguese playwright/poet, dies at 42
  • 1785 George Germain, 1st Viscount Sackville, British soldier and politician (b. 1716)
  • 1795 Alessandro Cagliostro [Giuseppe Balsamo], Italian adventurer and magician (Prince of Quacks), dies while serving a life imprisonment for being a freemason in Castel Sant'Angelo at 52
  • 1813 Karl Theodor Korner, German poet (Vetter aus Bremen), dies at 21
  • 1850 Louis-Philippe of France (b. 1773)
  • 1863 John Buchanan Floyd, US min of War (1857-60)/Confederate general, dies
  • 1865 Johann F Encke, German astronomer (Comet Encke), dies at 73
  • 1865 Marcellus Monroe Crocker, US attorney/Union brig-general, dies at 35
  • 1869 Henri Leys, Flemish painter, dies at 54
  • 1894 PPH van Ham, general-major, dies in battle on Lombok
  • 1894 Te Wherowhero Tāwhia, Second Māori King and leader of the Waikato tribes in New Zealand, dies at 71 or 72
  • 1908 Tony Pastor, American vaudeville performer (b. 1837)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1910 William James, American psychologist and philosopher (Pragmatism), dies at 68

Father of American psychology William James
Father of American psychology
William James
  • 1921 Ludwig Thoma, writer, dies
  • 1921 Matthias Erzberger, German min of Finance, murdered at 45
  • 1921 Peter I Karadjordjevic, King of Serbia/Yugoslavia (1903-21), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1937 Andrew Mellon, American banker (Mellon Bank), industrialist and Secretary of the Treasury (1921-32), dies at 82

Banker, Industrialist and US Secretary of the Treasury Andrew Mellon
Banker, Industrialist and US Secretary of the Treasury
Andrew Mellon
  • 1944 Adam von Trott zu Solz, German diplomat (b. 1909)
  • 1945 Franz Werfel, Czech/German/US poet/writer (Mirror Man), dies at 54
  • 1949 Nico van Suchtelen, publisher, dies at 70
  • 1956 Alfred Wagenknecht, German-born American activist (b. 1881)
  • 1957 Umberto Saba, Italian writer, dies at 74
  • 1972 Jacques Gans, Dutch author/journalist, dies at 63

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1974 Charles Lindbergh, US aviator, dies at 72

  • 1975 Cullen Landis, entertainer, dies at 80
  • 1977 HA Rey, author of popular constellation book, dies at 78
  • 1979 Mika Waltari, Finnish author (b. 1908)
  • 1980 Tex Avery, American cartoonist (b. 1908)
  • 1981 Roger Nash Baldwin, founder (ACLU), dies at 97
  • 1985 Pieter Jongeling, Dutch MP/editor (GPV, Netherlands Daily), dies at 76
  • 1986 Jennifer Levin, American murder victim, strangled by Robert Chambers in New York City's Central Park aged 18
  • 1988 Paul Francis Lloyd, entertainer, dies
  • 1989 Henk Heidweiller, ambassador of Suriname, dies
  • 1989 Irving Stone, US writer (Love is Eternal, Lust for Life), dies
  • 1990 Minoru Honda, Japanese astronomer (b. 1913)
  • 1992 Bob the Moor, Flemish comic strip artist (Kuifje), dies
  • 1992 Arthur Leigh Allen, American suspected murderer (b. 1933)
  • 1995 David James Moore, educationalist, dies at 62
  • 1995 Evelyn Wood, speed reading guru, dies at 86
  • 1995 John Costello, historian, dies at 52
  • 1995 Omukama Patrick D Matthew Olimi Kaboyo II, king of Toro, dies at 49
  • 1996 Alejandro Lanusse, army officer/politician, dies at 77
  • 1996 Baron Baker, activist, dies at 71
  • 1996 Catherine Mary Hall, nurse, dies at 73
  • 1998 Frederick Reines, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1918)
  • 1999 Lilo Hardel, German writer, dies at 85
  • 2000 Akbar Adibi, Iranian scientist (b. 1939)
  • 2001 Louis Muhlstock, Canadian painter (b. 1904)
  • 2005 Robert Denning, American interior designer (b. 1927)
  • 2006 Rainer Barzel, German politician (b. 1924)
  • 2007 Gaston Thorn, Luxembourger politician (b. 1928)
  • 2009 Dominick Dunne, American writer, Vanity Fair correspondent (b. 1925)
  • 2011 George Band, British mountaineer (b. 1929)
  • 2011 John McAleese, British SAS Trooper, Team leader during 1980 Iranian Embassy Siege (b. 1949)