On This Day in History for August 28

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 124

  • 475 Roman general Orestes forces western Roman Emperor Julius Nepos to flee his capital city, Ravenna.
  • 476 German ruler Flavius Odoacer captures Pavia
  • 476 Orestes, father of Emperor Romulus Augustulus is captured and executed by Odoacer and his followers
  • 489 Theodoric, king of the Ostrogoths defeats Flavius Odoacer at the Battle of Isonzo, forcing his way into Italy.
  • 1189 Third Crusade: the Crusaders begin the Siege of Acre under Guy of Lusignan
  • 1521 Belgrade captured by troops of Turkish Sultan Suleyman the Magnificent
  • 1542 Turkish-Portuguese War (1538-1557) - Battle of Wofla: the Portuguese are scattered, their leader Christovão da Gama is captured and afterwards executed.
  • 1565 Oldest city in the US established - St Augustine Florida

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1609 English explorer Henry Hudson, discovers & explores Delaware Bay

Explorer Henry Hudson
Explorer
Henry Hudson
  • 1619 Ferdinand II elected Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1632 Henry Casimir I appointed viceroy of Drenthe
  • 1637 WIC-colonel Hans Koin conquers Fort Elmina, West Africa

BattleBattle of Interest

1640 Second Bishop's War: King Charles I's English army loses to a Scottish Covenanter force at the Battle of Newburn

King of England Charles I
King of England
Charles I
  • 1655 New Amsterdam & Peter Stuyvesant bars Jews from military service
  • 1777 American Revolutionary War - Battle of Cooch's Bridge takes place near Newark, Delaware.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1789 William Herschel discovers Saturn's moon Enceladus

Astronomer William Herschel
Astronomer
William Herschel
  • 1830 1st locomotive in US, "Tom Thumb", runs from Baltimore to Ellicotts Mill
  • 1837 Pharmacists John Lea & William Perrins manufacture Worcestershire Sauce
  • 1840 Nine Jewish prisoners are released from Damascus jails
  • 1845 Scientific American magazine publishes its first issue.
  • 1849 Venice under Daniele Manin surrenders to Austrians under Radetsky, having been under siege since July 20 after proclaiming independence
  • 1859 A geomagnetic storm causes the Aurora Borealis to shine so brightly that it is seen clearly over parts of USA, Europe, and even as far afield as Japan.
  • 1861 Battle of Fort Hatteras,NC
  • 1862 Battle of Thoroughfare Gap, VA
  • 1862 Battle of Groveton, VA (Manassas Plains) [->AUG 19] US7000 CS7000
  • 1862 Belle Boyd released from Old Capital Prison in Washington, D.C.
  • 1864 The first Geneva Convention, governing rules of warfare, signed by 26 nations.
  • 1867 United States occupy Midway Islands in the Pacific
  • 1884 First known photograph of a tornado is made near Howard, SD
  • 1884 Mickey Welsh strikes-out 1st 9 men he faces
  • 1898 Caleb Bradham renames his carbonated soft drink "Pepsi-Cola".
  • 1907 United Parcel Service is founded by James E. Casey in Seattle, Washington.
  • 1910 Nicholas I, who first assumed power in 1860 and had his reign interrupted by Turkish rule, again proclaims himself king
  • 1911 45.7 cm rainfall at St George, Georgia (state record)
  • 1913 Queen Wilhelmina opens Peace Palace in The Hague
  • 1914 Third day of Battle of Tannenberg (WWI): violent German/Russian battles
  • 1914 Battle of Helgoland: British fleet beats German, 1,100 killed
  • 1914 British General John French evacuate Amiens
  • 1916 Germany declares war on Romania
  • 1916 Italy declares war against Germany
  • 1917 Ten suffragists arrested as they picket the White House
  • 1918 Tris Speaker suspended for season due to assault on ump Tom Connolly
  • 1919 General John Smuts becomes premier of South Africa
  • 1921 2nd Pan-African Congress meets (London, Brussels & Paris)
  • 1922 WEAF in NYC airs 1st radio commercial (Queensboro Realty-$100 for 10 mins)
  • 1924 Georgian opposition stages the August Uprising against the Soviet Union.
  • 1925 Meteorite falls on Ellemeet, Schouwen, Devil Island
  • 1929 Frank Woolley scores his 100th first-class hundred
  • 1937 Toyota Motors becomes an independent company.
  • 1938 Mauthausen concentration camp opens in Austria
  • 1938 Northwestern University awards honorary degree to dummy Charlie McCarthy
  • 1938 On Connie Mack Day at Shibe Park, the A's win a doubleheader

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1939 Gen Bernard Montgomery ("Monty") becomes commander of 3rd "Iron" Infantry division

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • 1939 Netherland mobilizes
  • 1940 French colonies Cameroon/Congo-Brazzaville support Gen De Gaulle
  • 1941 Last meeting of resistance fighter Comte d'Estienne d'Orves
  • 1942 Gunther Hagg (Sweden) sets world record for 3,000m (8:01.2)
  • 1942 Transport #25 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1943 Denmark declares a universal strike against Nazi occupiers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Benito Mussolini transfered from La Maddalena Sardinia to Gran Sasso

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1944 Last German troops in Marseille surrendered & Toulon cleared
  • 1944 US air raid on Ambon Island, Dutch East Indies
  • 1949 Riot prevents Paul Robeson from singing near Peekskill NY
  • 1950 Earle & Roy Mack, purchase 54% of A's from Connie Mack Jr
  • 1952 German & Israeli reach accord about recovery payments
  • 1952 Jakob Malik succeeds Zorine as Foreign minister
  • 1957 US Senator James Thurmond (Rep, SC) begins 24-hr filibuster against civil rights bill
  • 1958 Nellie Fox sets record for consecutive games without striking out (98)
  • 1962 55.9 cm rainfall at Hackberry, Louisiana (state record)
  • 1962 Dr Geza De Kaplany tortures his wife with acid to punish her for supposed infidelity
  • 1963 200,000 march and demonstrate for African American civil rights in Washington, D.C.
  • 1963 Evergreen Point Floating Bridge connecting Seattle & Bellevue opens

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his "I have a dream speech" addressing civil rights march at Lincoln Memorial, Washington, D.C.

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1964 Race riot in Philadelphia
  • 1964 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 US weather satellite Nimbus 1 launched
  • 1965 1st Subway sandwich shop opens in Bridgeport, Connecticut
  • 1967 Asif Iqbal & Intikhab Alam make 190 stand for 9th wkt v Eng
  • 1968 Police & anti-war demonstrators clash at Chicago's Demcratic National Convention
  • 1968 MP Gerry Fitt, tables House of Commons motion criticising Royal Ulster Constabulary at Dungannon "citizens of Northern Ireland should be allowed the same rights of peaceful demonstration as those in other parts of the United Kingdom"
  • 1971 The US dollar is allowed to float against the Japanese yen for the first time.
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1973 "Monster Mash" goes gold
  • 1973 "Smoke on the Water" by Deep Purple goes gold
  • 1973 6.8 quake centered in Oaxaca State in Mexico kills 527
  • 1973 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1973 India & Pakistan sign POW accord
  • 1973 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1974 Soyuz 15 returns to Earth
  • 1976 NY Cosmos beat Seattle Sounders 2-1 for NASL cup
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1978 Donald Vesco rode 21'-long Kawasaki motorcycle at 318.598 mph
  • 1978 Ja'afar Sharif-Emami appointed premier of Iran
  • 1979 IRA bomb explodes in Brussels' Great Market
  • 1979 Train crash at Nijmegen, 7 die
  • 1981 Sebastian Coe of UK sets 1-mi record of 3:47.33 (since broken)
  • 1981 National Centers for Disease Control announces high incidence of Pneumocystis & Kaposi's sarcoma in gay men
  • 1982 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1982 The first Gay Games are held in San Francisco.
  • 1983 Greg Luzinski is 1st player to put 3 HRs onto roof at Comiskey Park

Birthdays in History

  • 865 Rhazes, [Abu Bakr Mohammed ibn Zakarijja al-Razi], Persian physician
  • 1025 Emperor Go-Reizei of Japan (d. 1068)
  • 1476 Motonoboe, Japanese painter (Kano-school)
  • 1582 Taichang Emperor, of the Ming dynasty of China (d. 1620)
  • 1592 George Villiers, 1st duke of Buckingham/PM (1625-28)
  • 1612 Marcus Zuerius van Boxhorn, Dutch scholar (d. 1653)
  • 1667 Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow, queen of Denmark and Norway (d. 1721)
  • 1691 Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1750)
  • 1713 Louis A A Count d'Affry, French general/ambassador to Netherland
  • 1714 Anthony Ulrich II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (d. 1774)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1749 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, German social philosopher (Faust), born in Frankfurt (d. 1832)

Social Philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Social Philosopher
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1774 Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton, 1st American Catholic saint (1975), born in New York City (d. 1821)

1st American-born Saint Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton
1st American-born Saint
Elizabeth Ann Bayley Seton
  • 1789 Stéphanie de Beauharnais, Grand Duchess of Baden (d. 1860)
  • 1794 Johannes Zwijsen, archbishop (Utrecht Netherlands)
  • 1795 Joannes A Paredis, Belgian Bishop of Roermond
  • 1798 Gershom Jaques Van Brunt, Comm (Union Navy), (d. 1863)
  • 1801 Antoine A Cournot, French philosopher/mathematician (rule of Cournot)
  • 1814 Sheridan le Fanu, Irish writer (d. 1873)
  • 1824 Carel JCH van Nispen of Sevenaer, Dutch Catholic politician
  • 1827 Grand Duchess Catherine Mikhailovna of Russia (d. 1894)
  • 1828 William Alexander Hammond, Brigadier General (Union Army), (d. 1900)
  • 1831 Lucy Ware Webb Hayes, 1st lady (1877-81)
  • 1833 Edward Burne-Jones, England, Pre-Raphaelite painter/designer
  • 1840 Alexander Cameron Sim, Scottish merchant (d. 1900)
  • 1842 Willem Linnig jr, Flemish painter/graphic artist
  • 1853 Vladimir Shukhov, Russian engineer and inventor (d. 1939)
  • 1860 Marianne V von Werefkin, Russian/German/Swiss painter [OS]
  • 1878 George Hoyt Whipple, Ashland New Hampshire, American physician and biomedical researcher (Nobel-1934)
  • 1882 Carl W de Vries, Dutch jurist (Unknown Thorbecke)
  • 1885 Vance Palmer, Australian author (d. 1959)
  • 1894 Charles Aubroeck, Belgian painter/sculptor (Iron Tower)
  • 1898 Ludwig Turek, German writer, born in Stendal (d. 1975)
  • 1904 Secondo Campini, Italian jet engine pioneer (d. 1980)
  • 1906 John Betjeman, poet (Mount Zion) and English Poet Laureate (1972-1984), born in London (d. 1984)
  • 1908 Roger Tory Peterson, NY, ornithologist/writer (How to Know Birds)
  • 1910 Tjalling Koopmans, Dutch-born economist Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1985)
  • 1911 Jose Antonio Giron de Velasco, politician
  • 1911 Joseph MAH Luns, foreign minister/secr-general (NATO)
  • 1912 Ruurd Faber, mayor of Aalten (1971-75)
  • 1913 Robertson Davies, Canadian novelist essayist/dramatist, born in Thamesville, Ontario (d. 1995)
  • 1913 John Terence Reese, bridge master
  • 1915 Tasha Tudor, American illustrator (d. 2008)
  • 1916 C Wright Mills, sociologist, writer (The Power Elite) [or May 28]
  • 1916 Jack [Holbrook] Vance, US, sci-fi author (2 Hugo, Dirdir, Pnume), (d. 2013)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1917 Jack Kirby, American cartoonist (X-Men, Spider-Man, Hulk, Capt America), born in New York City (d. 1994)

Comic Book Artist and Writer Jack Kirby
Comic Book Artist and Writer
Jack Kirby
  • 1918 Alejandro Lanusse, army officer/politician
  • 1919 Ernest H Martin, [Markowitz], producer (Feuer & Martin-Chorus Line)
  • 1920 Frits Bernard, pedophile activist (d. 2006)
  • 1924 Janet Frame, NZ, novelist (Intensive Care, Owls Do Cry)
  • 1925 Arkadi N Strugazki, USSR, sci-fi author (Tale of the Troika)
  • 1925 John Gillett, film researcher
  • 1925 Marvin Davis, CEO (Davis Oil Company), born in Newark, New Jersey
  • 1928 F. William Free, American advertising executive (d. 2003)
  • 1931 Tito Capobianco, Argentinian stage impresario
  • 1935 Gilles Rocheleau, French Canadian politician (d. 1998)
  • 1936 Harry McLevy, trade Unionist
  • 1937 12th duke of Argyll, Scottish Campbell-captain/large landowner

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1938 Paul Martin, 21st Prime Minister of Canada (Liberal: 2003-06), born in Windsor, Ontario

21st Prime Minister of Canada Paul Martin
21st Prime Minister of Canada
Paul Martin
  • 1938 Maurizio Costanzo, Italian television journalist
  • 1940 William Cohen, US Secretary of Defense (1997-2001), (Sen-R Maine, 1979-97), born in Bangor, Maine
  • 1940 Roger Pingeon, French cylist
  • 1941 Paul Peter Plishka, Old Forge Penn, bass (Bronx Botanical Gardens)
  • 1941 Sybille de Selys Longchamps, Belgian aristocrat
  • 1943 Lou Pinella, Yankee manager (1969 AL rookie of the year)
  • 1943 Surayud Chulanont, Thai 24th Prime Minister (former)
  • 1944 Melvin Dummar, American claimant to the Howard Hughes estate
  • 1945 Bruno Nuytten, director (Camille Claudel)
  • 1947 Shoto Tanemura, Japanese martial artist
  • 1952 Rita Dove, American poet
  • 1952 Wendelin Wiedeking, German businessman
  • 1952 Jacques Chagnon, Canadian politician
  • 1954 George Church, American geneticist
  • 1960 Cunningham T Ngcukana, South African worker's union leader
  • 1960 Leroy Chiao, astronaut (STS 65, 72, sk: 92), born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1965 James Jagger, son of Mick Jagger & Jerry Hall
  • 1966 Teresa Zarzeczny Bell, Washington Crossing NJ, rower (Oly-silver-1996)
  • 1966 Priya Dutt, Indian social worker and politician
  • 1967 Frederick Kesner, Philippine-born Australian poet
  • 1968 Scarlet Annette Morgan, Pfafftown NC, Miss NC-America-1991
  • 1969 Sheryl Sandberg, American technology executive (COO Facebook) and author (Lean In), born in Washington, D.C.
  • 1971 Scott Eldredge, Chatham Mass, 1996 World Mens' Champion
  • 1971 Shane Andrews, infielder (Montreal Expos), born in Dallas, Texas
  • 1974 Johan Andersson, Swedish game programmer
  • 1978 Shaniqua, American wrestling valet
  • 1979 Robert Hoyzer, German football referee
  • 1986 Gilad Shalit, Israeli corporal
  • 1999 Prince Nikolai of Denmark

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1775 Statesman John Hancock (38) weds hostess Dorothy Quincy (28) in Fairfield, Connecticut

Statesman John Hancock
Statesman
John Hancock
  • 1811 English Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (19) elopes to Scotland with 1st wife Harriet Westbrook (16)
  • 1924 British children's writer Enid Blyton (27) marries editor Major Hugh Alexander Pollock, DSO (36)
  • 1997 British-Indian novelist and essayist Salman Rushdie (50) weds Elizabeth West

Deaths in History

  • 388 Magnus Maximus, Spanish West Roman Emperor (383-88), executed
  • 430 Augustine of Hippo, North African saint and theologian (Belijdenissen), dies at 75
  • 683 K'inich Janaab' Pakal [Sun Shield], Ajaw of the Maya city-state of Palenque, dies at 80
  • 876 Louis the German, King of East France Empire (833-76), dies
  • 1065 Frederik van Luxembourg, duke of Neth-Lutherans (1046-65)
  • 1341 King Leo V of Armenia (b. 1309)
  • 1481 Afonso V, King of Portugal, dies
  • 1484 Diogo, duke of Viseu, murdered
  • 1539 Lieven Pain, Flemish, beheaded at about 75
  • 1544 Alardus Aemstelredamus, priest/humanist, dies at about 53
  • 1550 Nicolas Perrenot de Granvelle, Charles V's asst sec of state, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1618 Albert Frederick, Duke of Prussia (1568–1618), dies at 65

Duke of Prussia Albert Frederick
Duke of Prussia
Albert Frederick
  • 1645 Hugo Grotius, Dutch philosopher and writer (b. 1583)
  • 1646 Fulvio Testi, Italian poet (Poesie liriche), dies at 53
  • 1654 Axel Gustafson Oxenstierna, Swedish earl/chancellor/regent, dies at 71
  • 1677 Wallerand Vaillant, painter/engraver/etcher/cartoonist, dies at 54
  • 1678 John Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley of Stratton, English soldier (b. 1602)
  • 1757 David Hartley, English philosopher (b. 1705)
  • 1778 Jacob Wallenberg, Swedish writer/shipminister, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1784 Junípero Serra, Spanish missionary, founded 1st missions in California (b. 1713)

Missionary Junípero Serra
Missionary
Junípero Serra
  • 1793 Adam-Philippe Custine, French earl/general/parliament member, dies
  • 1798 James Wilson, Scot/US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 55
  • 1803 Charles L Fournier, Flemish writer/painter, dies
  • 1805 Alexander Carlyle, Scottish church leader (Moderator of the General Assembly 1770), dies at 83
  • 1818 Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable, trader, founder of Chicago, dies
  • 1820 Andrew Ellicott, American surveyor (b. 1754)
  • 1839 William Smith, English geologist (b. 1769)
  • 1900 Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (Women on University), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1903 Frederick Law Olmsted, American writer and landscape architect (designed Central Park), dies at 81

Landscape Architect and Writer Frederick Law Olmsted
Landscape Architect and Writer
Frederick Law Olmsted
  • 1916 Francis W Warre-Cornish, Engl vice-provost of Eton (1893-1916), dies
  • 1922 Louis PMFG of Orleans, earl of Eu/Brazil, dies at 80
  • 1930 Alvar Gullstrand, Swedish optician (Nobel 1911), dies
  • 1934 Doris Ulmann, American photographer dies aged 52
  • 1943 Boris III, of Saksen-Coburg, King of Bulgaria (1918-43), dies
  • 1944 Ernst Thalmann, German communist, dies in Buchenwald
  • 1947 Manolete, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1917)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1955 Emmett Till, kidnapped & lynched at 14, in Money Mississippi

Murder Victim Emmett Till
Murder Victim
Emmett Till
  • 1965 Giulio Racah, Israeli physicist (b. 1909)
  • 1967 Charles Darrow, US inventor of Monopoly, dies
  • 1968 John Gordon Mein, US ambassador in Guatemala, dies
  • 1968 Nick Castle, choreographer (Dinah Shore, Judy Garland), dies at 58
  • 1971 Nathan Leopold, US kidnapper/murderer of Bobby Franks (1924), dies
  • 1972 William HAF, Engl prince/grandson of George V, dies in accident at 29
  • 1975 Fritz Wotruba, Austrian sculptor (b. 1907)
  • 1978 Bruce Catton, US historian/writer (Civil War), dies at 78
  • 1979 Simonow, writer, dies
  • 1990 Willy Vandersteen, Flemish cartoonist (Suske & Wiske), dies
  • 1993 William Stafford, American poet (b. 1914)
  • 1994 David Wright, South African-British poet (Deafness: A Personal Account), dies of cancer at 74
  • 1994 Jean-Marie Vincent, Haitian pater, murdered
  • 1995 Agnes Patrick, campaigner, dies at 85
  • 1995 Michael Ende, German writer (The Neverending Story), dies at 65
  • 1995 Michael VerMeulen, journalist, dies at 38
  • 1995 Earl Bascom, American rodeo pioneer (b. 1906)
  • 1996 Lynda Carr, educationist, dies at 50
  • 1996 Phyllis Pearsall, painter/writer, dies at 89
  • 2003 Brian Douglas Wells, American criminal (failed) (b. 1956)
  • 2005 Esther Szekeres, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1910)
  • 2005 George Szekeres, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1911)
  • 2006 Benoît Sauvageau, French Canadian politician (b. 1963)
  • 2006 Melvin Schwartz, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1932)
  • 2006 Melvin Schwartz, American Physicist and Nobel Laureate (neutrinos - subatomic particles with no electric charge and virtually no mass), dies at 73
  • 2007 Arthur Jones, American inventor of the Nautilus exercise machines (b. 1926)
  • 2007 Paul B. MacCready, Jr., American aeronautical engineer (b. 1925)
  • 2007 Francisco Umbral, Spanish journalist, novelist, biographer and essayist (b. 1935)
  • 2007 Nikola Nobilo, New Zealand winemaker (b. 1913)
  • 2009 Adam Goldstein, American DJ also known as DJ AM (b. 1973)
  • 2010 William P. Foster, notable band director and founder of the Marching 100 of Florida A&M University
  • 2012 Rhodes Boyson, British politician and author (Black Papers), dies at 87