On This Day in History for August 3

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 135


Event of interestEvent of Interest

8 Roman Empire general Tiberius defeats Dalmatians on the river Bathinus.

Roman Emperor Tiberius
Roman Emperor
Tiberius
  • 435 Deposed Patriarch of Constantinople Nestorius, considered the originator of Nestorianism, exiled by Byzantine Emperor Theodosius II to a monastery in Egypt.
  • 881 Battle at Saucourt: French King Louis III beats the Vikings
  • 1108 Louis VI, "the Fat One," King of France, crowned
  • 1312 Power of Luik Patriarch murders over 200

CommunicationSanta María

1492 Christopher Columbus sets sail on his first voyage with three ships, Santa María, Pinta and Niña from Palos de la Frontera, Spain for the "Indies"

  • 1527 First known letter sent from North America by John Rut while at St. John's, Newfoundland
  • 1529 "Peace of the Ladies" (Treaty of Cambrai) made between Holy Roman Empire and the French, negotiated by Louise of Savoy and Margaret of Austria
  • 1557 Dutch States-General meet at Valenciennes
  • 1596 David Fabricius discovers light variation of Mira (1st variable star)
  • 1635 Iemitsu, 3rd Tokugawa shogun, establishes alternate attendance (sankin kotai) feudal daimyōs spend 1 year at Edo Castle (Tokyo) and 1 year at their feudal manor, while their families remain in Tokyo as hostages (Traditional Japanese Date: June 21)
  • 1640 2,000 men VOC-army surrounds the city of Malacca
  • 1640 Zorilla's "Bire el Ojo" premieres in Toledo
  • 1645 Battle of Allersheim: French defeat Bavarians
  • 1650 Viceroy Willem II & Amsterdam reach accord about standing army
  • 1676 Nathaniel Bacon publishes "Declaration of People of Virginia"
  • 1678 Robert LaSalle builds 1st ship in America, Griffon
  • 1692 Battle at Steenkerke: French beat English/Dutch army
  • 1704 English/Dutch fleet under Rooke/Callenburgh occupy Gibraltar
  • 1708 Battle at Trencsén: Austria beats Hungarian rebellion army
  • 1778 Teatro alla Scala opens in Milan
  • 1797 Emperor Francis I permits Jews who served in military in "Countries of Bohemian Crown" to marry non Jews

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1798 Battle of the Nile: British Admiral Horatio Nelson forces the remnants of the French fleet to surrender, concluding a decisive victory for the British who capture or destroy 11 French ships of the line and 2 frigates

British Admiral Horatio Nelson
British Admiral
Horatio Nelson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1804 Naturalist Alexander von Humboldt lands at Bordeaux, France completing his 5 year expedition to Latin America

Naturalist and Explorer Alexander von Humboldt
Naturalist and Explorer
Alexander von Humboldt
  • 1829 Gioacchino Rossini's "William Tell" premieres in Paris
  • 1833 HMS Beagle reaches river mouth of Rio Negro
  • 1852 1st intercollegiate rowing race, Harvard beats Yale by 4 lengths
  • 1855 Rotterdam-Gouda railway opens
  • 1860 American Canoe Association founded at Lake George NY
  • 1860 The Second Maori War begins in New Zealand.
  • 1861 Federal fleet bombards Galveston, Texas
  • 1863 Governor Seymour asks Lincoln to suspend draft in NY
  • 1863 Saratoga Racetrack (NY) opens
  • 1881 Boers signs Convention of Pretoria: Transvaal semi-autonomous
  • 1882 Congress passes 1st law restricting immigration

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 Firestone Tire & Rubber Company founded.

Tire Industrialist Harvey Firestone
Tire Industrialist
Harvey Firestone
  • 1904 British journalist Francis Younghusband visits forbidden city Lhasa
  • 1907 Emperor Wilhelm (Germany) meets with Tsar Nicholas (Russia) to discuss Germany's plan to build a railroad to Baghdad; the discussion helps move Russia towards Britain and eventually the Triple Alliance
  • 1908 French brothers Amadee and Jean Bouyssonie discover the fossil remains of a nearly complete 60,000 year-old Neanderthal man 'Old man of La Chappelle' at La Chappelle-aux-Saints, France
  • 1913 Wheatland Hop Riot on a California farm, 4 die in one of the first farm labour disputes
  • 1914 1st seaworthy ship passes through the Panama Canal
  • 1914 Belgium rejects demand to allow free crossing for German army
  • 1914 French fleet sails to North Africa
  • 1914 German battle cruiser Goeben leaves Messina
  • 1914 Germany invades Belgium & declares war on France in WW I
  • 1914 World Alliance for Promoting International Friendship through Churches forms
  • 1918 The first allied troops land at Archangel, the Russian port on the White Seas
  • 1921 1st aerial cropdusting (Troy Ohio to kill caterpillars)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 VP Calvin Coolidge becomes 30th US President upon death of President Warren G. Harding

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • 1925 Last US troops leave Nicaragua (there since 1912)
  • 1926 Traffic lights installed at Piccadilly Circus, London
  • 1933 Yanks are shut out for 1st time after 308 games (since Aug 2, 1931)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1934 Adolf Hitler merges the offices of German Chancellor and President, declaring himself "Führer" (leader)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1939 Jean Genet's "Ondine" premieres in Paris
  • 1940 Italian troops invade British Somalia
  • 1940 Lithuanian SSR is accepted into USSR
  • 1940 Seaplane Clare makes 1st British passenger flight to the US
  • 1941 Gas (petroleum) sales limited in US
  • 1941 German troops conquer Roslavl USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Gen Patton slaps a US GI in hospital, accusing him of cowardice

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • 1943 Nazi occupiers attack city of Orel, leave it on fire
  • 1944 Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp gases 4,000 gypsies
  • 1944 General Montgomery visits general Dempsey's headquarter
  • 1944 Allied troops under Lt-Gen Joseph Stilwell take Myitkyina, Burma
  • 1946 Belgian government of Huysmans forms
  • 1948 Cleveland's Satchel Paige make his 1st start & goes 7 innings
  • 1948 FDR advisor Alger Hiss accused of being a "communist"
  • 1949 Republic Indonesia proclaims cease fire
  • 1951 William H Jackson ends term as deputy director of CIA
  • 1953 Frank Blair becomes news anchor of Today Show
  • 1954 1st VTOL (Vertical Take-off & Land) flown
  • 1955 Automobile Association of America ends support of auto racing
  • 1955 Hurricane Connie begins pounding US for 11 days
  • 1955 Roger Moens runs world record 800 m (1:45.7)
  • 1957 British offensive against imam Galeb Ben Ali of Oman
  • 1958 USS Nautilus reaches North Pole, 1st submarine to achieve submarine transit of North Pole
  • 1958 The Billboard Hot 100 is founded
  • 1959 50 killed in uprising in Guinea-Bissau
  • 1959 AL beats NL 5-3 in 27th All Star Game (Dodger Stadium)
  • 1960 Niger gains independence from France
  • 1963 Allan Sherman releases "Hello Mudda, Hello Fadda"
  • 1967 45,000 US soldiers sent to Vietnam
  • 1967 James Law rides entire NYC subway in 22 hrs 12 minutes
  • 1968 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1970 Christopher Hampton's "Philanthropist" premieres in London
  • 1970 Hurricane "Celia" becomes most expensive Gulf storm in history
  • 1970 Mairiam Hargrave of Yorkshire passes her driving test on 40th try
  • 1972 British premier Edward Heath proclaims emergency crisis due to dock strike
  • 1972 Chozen-ji/Intl Zen Dojo founded by Omori Sogen Roshi, in Hawaii
  • 1972 U.S. Senate ratifies the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty.
  • 1973 Flash fire kills 51 at amusement park (Isle of Man, UK)
  • 1973 National People's party wins Dutch Antilles National elections
  • 1975 500 drown when 2 river boats collide & sink in China's West River
  • 1975 Louisiana Superdome is dedicated
  • 1975 Poland & West Germany reach accord about returning ethnic Germans
  • 1977 Radio Shack issues a press release introducing TRS-80 computer 25 existed, within weeks thousands were ordered
  • 1977 United States Senate Hearing on MKULTRA.
  • 1978 11th Commonwealth Games open in Edmonton, Canada
  • 1979 Fastest jai-alai shot (188 mph), Jose Arieto at Newport Jai Alai, RI
  • 1979 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Birthdays in History

  • 1509 Étienne Dolet, French scholar (d. 1546)
  • 1692 John Henley, English clergyman (d. 1759)
  • 1770 Frederik Willem III, reactionary king of Prussia (1797-1840)
  • 1803 Joseph Paxton, English landscape architect (Crystal Palace), born in Milton Bryan, Bedfordshire (d. 1865)
  • 1808 Hamilton Fish, American politician (d. 1893)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1811 Elisha Otis, American founder of the Otis Elevator Company and inventor of a safety device that prevents elevators from falling if the hoisting cable fails, born in Halifax, Vermont (d. 1861)

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • 1816 John Eugene Smith, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1897)
  • 1817 Albrecht FR, arch duke of Austria (Battle at Custozza)
  • 1818 HM Jozef Schadde, Flemish architect (New Stock exchange Antwerp)
  • 1820 William Miller, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1909)
  • 1823 Thomas Francis Meagher, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1867)
  • 1824 William Burnham Woods, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1833 Auguste Schmidt, German teacher/feminist
  • 1847 Jan de Louter, lawyer/tutor of Dutch Queen Wilhelmina
  • 1850 Paul A Daum, Dutch writer/founder/editor (Batavian Newspaper)
  • 1850 Reginald Heber Roe, 2nd Headmaster of Brisbane Grammar School (d. 1926)
  • 1851 Isabella Caroline Somerset, temperance leader
  • 1856 Alfred Deakin, 2nd Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1919)
  • 1860 W. K. Dickson, Scottish inventor (d. 1935)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1867 Stanley Baldwin, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1923-24, 1924-29, 1935-37), born in Bewdley, England (d. 1947)

British Prime Minister Stanley Baldwin
British Prime Minister
Stanley Baldwin
  • 1871 Vernon Louis Parrington, author (Romantic Revolution, Pulitzer 1928)
  • 1872 Haakon VII, Charlottenlund Denmark, King of Norway (1905-57)
  • 1873 Albert MLA de Bassompierre, Belgian ambassador to Tokyo (1921-39)
  • 1874 Eugene Baie, Belgian author (Sub rosa et sub umbra)
  • 1887 Rupert Brooke, British WW I poet (1914)
  • 1894 John H van Maarseveen, Dutch minister of Justice/Internal minister
  • 1898 Brother Adam [Kehrle], benedictine monk/beekeeper
  • 1899 Sally Benson, novelist
  • 1900 Arnoldus J N M Struycken, Dutch lawyer
  • 1900 Ernie Pyle, England, correspondent during WW II
  • 1900 John T Scopes, Tennessee teacher convicted for teaching evolution
  • 1901 Stefan Wyszynski, Polish cardinal
  • 1902 Habib Bourguiba, 1st president of Tunisia (1957-87)
  • 1902 Regina Jonas, German first woman rabbi (d. 1944)
  • 1904 Clifford D[onald] Simak, US, sci-fi author (Hugo, Empire, Way Station)
  • 1905 Maggie Kuhn, activist/co-founder (Gray Panthers)
  • 1906 Leonard Huizinga, Dutch journalist/writer (Adriaan & Olivier)
  • 1907 Ernesto Geisel, politician
  • 1914 Rick Slabbinck, Flemish painter
  • 1915 Sal Santen, Dutch writer
  • 1918 James MacGregor Burns, political writer (The Lion & the Fox)
  • 1918 Sidney Gottlieb, American CIA official (d. 1999)
  • 1920 P D [Phyllis Dorothy] James, Baroness James of Holland Park, English crime writer (Cover Her Face), born in Oxford
  • 1920 Charlie Shavers, American trumpet player (d. 1971)
  • 1920 Elmar Tampõld, Estonian-Canadian architect
  • 1921 Hayden Carruth, novelist (Crow & Heart), born in Waterbury, Connecticut
  • 1922 Robert Sumner, American evangelist and author
  • 1923 Anne Klein, fashion designer (Anne Klein II)
  • 1923 Roger Foulon, French/Belgian poet
  • 1923 Shenouda III of Alexandria, Pope of the Coptic Christianity, (d. 2012)
  • 1924 Leon Uris, novelist (Exodus, QB VII, Battle Cry), born in Baltimore, Maryland
  • 1924 Max van der Stoel, Dutch Foreign minister (PvdA)
  • 1929 Bethel Leslie, American entertainer (Capt Newman MD, Rabbit Trap), born in NYC, New York
  • 1932 Mario Montes de Oca, Mexican poet
  • 1933 The Tjong King, Dutch illustrator of children books (Miep Diekman)
  • 1935 Georgi Stepanovich Shonin, Odessa USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 6)
  • 1935 Richard D Lamm, (Gov-D-Colo)
  • 1937 Diane Wakoski, Whittier, California, American poet (Motorcycle Betrayal)
  • 1940 John W Carlin, (Gov-D-KS)
  • 1946 Jack Straw, British politician
  • 1948 Pierre Lacroix, National Hockey League executive
  • 1949 Reed Waller, American comic book author
  • 1950 John Landis, director (Animal House, Michael Jackson's Thriller video), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1952 Aleksandr A Volkov, Russian colonel/cosmonaut
  • 1952 Frank Schaeffer, American author
  • 1954 Denise Craig, WBL forward (Dayton Rockettes, NY Stars)
  • 1956 Abhisit Vejjajiva, Thai politician
  • 1959 Koichi Tanaka, Japanese scientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1964 Joan E Higginbotham, astronaut, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1970 Masahiro Sakurai, Japanese video game developer
  • 1973 Jay Cutler, American bodybuilder
  • 1986 Charlotte Casiraghi, daughter of Princess Caroline of Monaco

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1824 Inventor Charles Goodyear (23) weds Clarissa Beecher

HeartWedding of Interest

2000 British PM Gordon Brown (49) weds Sarah Jane Macaulay (36) in North Queensferry, Fife

British Prime Minister Gordon Brown
British Prime Minister
Gordon Brown

Deaths in History

  • 808 P'ang Yun, [Layman P'ang], Exemplary Zen practitioner, dies in China
  • 1387 Olaf V Haakonsson, King of Denmark (1376-87)/Norway (1380-87), dies
  • 1460 King James II of Scotland (b. 1430)
  • 1527 Scaramuccia Trivulzio, Italian cardinal
  • 1530 Philibert Chalon, prince of Orange/viceroy of Naples, dies
  • 1546 Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, Italian architect (b. 1484)
  • 1546 Étienne Dolet, French scholar and printer (b. 1509)
  • 1604 Bernardino de Mendoza, Spanish military commander
  • 1621 Guillaume du Vair, French writer (b. 1556)
  • 1667 Francesco Borromini, Swiss sculptor and architect (b. 1599)
  • 1712 Joshua Barnes, English scholar (b. 1654)
  • 1720 Anthonie Heinsius, Dutch statesman (b. 1641)
  • 1721 Grinling Gibbons, Dutch-born woodcarver (b. 1648)
  • 1761 Johann Matthias Gesner, German classical scholar (b. 1691)
  • 1773 Stanisław Konarski, Polish writer (b. 1700)
  • 1779 Henry Kobell, Dutch painter/cartoonist, dies at 27
  • 1780 Etienne B de Condillac, French philosopher (sensualism), dies at 64
  • 1792 Richard Arkwright, English industrialist and inventor (b. 1732)
  • 1797 Jeffrey Amherst, English gov-gen of America, dies at 80
  • 1802 Henry DFL, prince of Prussia/general/diplomat, dies
  • 1805 Christopher Anstey, English writer (b. 1724)
  • 1811 Sebastiaan C Nederburgh, Dutch dir-gen of East Indies Co, dies at 49
  • 1823 Jacob A Uitenhage de Mist, Dutch politician/colonial dir, dies at 74
  • 1833 Stoffel Muller, Dutch sect leader, dies
  • 1839 Dorothea von Schlegel, German novelist (b. 1763)
  • 1857 Eugène Sue, French novelist (b. 1804)
  • 1867 Philipp August Böckh, German scholar and antiquarian (b. 1785)
  • 1879 Joseph Severn, English painter (b. 1793)
  • 1890 Louise Ackermann-Choquet, French author (Journal), dies at 76
  • 1894 George Inness, US landscape painter (Delaware Water Gap), dies at 69
  • 1907 August Saint-Gaudens, Irish/US sculptor (Mrs Henry Adams), dies at 59
  • 1910 Nicolas Kinet, Belgian pilot, dies
  • 1916 Sir Roger Casement, an Ulster Protestant and ardent Irish nationalist, executed by the British at 51
  • 1918 Albert P Hahn, Dutch political cartoonist (Het Volk), dies at 41

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1924 Joseph Conrad, Polish/British writer (Heart of Darkness), dies at 66

Novelist Joseph Conrad
Novelist
Joseph Conrad
  • 1929 Thorstein Veblen, American economist (b. 1857)
  • 1929 Emil Berliner, German-born telephone and recording pioneer (b. 1851)
  • 1938 Alexander Malyschkin, writer, dies
  • 1944 Felix Nussbaum, German painter (Widerstandskunst), dies in Auschwitz
  • 1944 Felka Platek, wife of painter Felix Nussbaum, dies in Auschwitz
  • 1948 Albert F Pollard, British historian (Evolution of parliament), dies at 78

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1954 Colette, [Sidonie-Gabrielle], French novelist (Vagabonde), dies at 81

Novelist and Performer Colette
Novelist and Performer
Colette
  • 1957 John Vernou "Black Jack" Bouvier, father of Jacqueline Kennedy, dies of cancer
  • 1964 Flannery O'Connor, writer (Good Man is Hard to Find), dies at 39
  • 1968 Constantine Rokossovski, vice-premier of Poland (1952-56), dies at 71
  • 1973 Richard Marshall, U.S. Army general (b. 1895)
  • 1977 Makarios III, [Michail Mouskos], archbishop/pres (Cyprus), dies at 63
  • 1978 Ezzedin Kalak, Palestinian PLO representative in Paris, murdered
  • 1979 Bertil Ohlin, Swedish economist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1981 Robert Peci, Italian brother of Red Brigade leader, murdered
  • 1984 Vladimir Tendryakov, Russian writer (Three, Seven, Ace), dies at 60
  • 1986 Paul [Saul] de Groot, chairman Dutch Communist party, dies at 87
  • 1990 Florida Edwards, dies of pneumonia at 79
  • 1992 Wang Hongwen, vice-President Chinese Comm Party (1973-76), dies
  • 1994 Carel van Dillen, resistance fighter, dies at 77
  • 1994 Christy Henrich, US turnster, dies of anorexia nervosa at 22
  • 1994 John Hidalgo Moya, architect, Designer of Skylon, dies at 74
  • 1994 John van Raay, [John Oradi], radio-imitator (Paul Flanders)
  • 1995 Marcus Chenault, killer of Martin Luther King Jr's mother, dies at 54
  • 1995 Edward Whittemore, American writer (b. 1933)
  • 1996 Guido Alberti, literary patron/businessman, dies at 87
  • 1997 Pietro Rizzuto, Canadian politician (b. 1934)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2004 Henri Cartier-Bresson, French photographer, dies at 95

Photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson
Photographer
Henri Cartier-Bresson
  • 2005 Françoise d'Eaubonne, French feminist (b. 1920)
  • 2007 John Gardner, British author (b. 1926)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2008 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian writer, dies at 89

Writer and Nobel Laureate Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
Writer and Nobel Laureate
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
  • 2008 Skip Caray, American TV and radio broadcaster (b. 1939)
  • 2015 Les Munro, New Zealand WWII pilot (Dambusters), dies at 96
  • 2015 Robert Conquest, English historian and poet (The Great Terror), dies at 98