On This Day in History for August 30

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 114

  • 257 St Sixtus II begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1125 Duke Lotharius of Supplinburg elected king of Germany
  • 1146 European leaders outlaw crossbow, intending to end war for all time
  • 1363 Beginning of the Battle of Lake Poyang; two Chinese rebel leaders Chen Youliang and Zhu Yuanzhang are pitted against each other in what was one of the largest naval battles in history during Mongol-led Yuan Dynasty
  • 1464 Pietro Barbo elected to succeed Pope Pius II as Pope Paul II
  • 1481 2 Latvian monarchs executed for conspiracy to Polish king Casimir IV
  • 1563 Jewish community of Neutitschlin, Moravia, expelled
  • 1574 Ram Das becomes the 4th Sikh Guru

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1590 Tokugawa Ieyasu enters Edo Castle (Traditional Japanese date: August 1, 1590)

  • 1645 Dutch & Indians sign peace treaty (New Amsterdam (NY))
  • 1673 Leopold I, Spain, Netherlands & Lutherans form anti-French covenant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1682 William Penn leaves England to sail to the New World

English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania
William Penn
  • 1721 Russian and Swedish sign Treaty of Nystad, ending North Sea War
  • 1757 Battle at Gross Jagerndorf: Russian army beats Prussia [OS=Aug 19]
  • 1776 Continental Army evacuates Long Island and falls back to Manhattan, NYC
  • 1791 HMS Pandora sank after running aground on a reef the previous day, on her return from her search for the Bounty and the mutineers who had taken her

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1791 Thomas Jefferson responds to Benjamin Banneker's letter on the issue of slavery

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin Banneker
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author
Benjamin Banneker
  • 1799 Batavian fleet surrenders to British
  • 1800 Gabriel Prosser leads a slave rebellion in Richmond, Virginia
  • 1813 Battle of Kulm: French forces defeated by Austrian-Prussian-Russian alliance.
  • 1835 Melbourne, Australia is founded.
  • 1836 The city of Houston is founded by Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen
  • 1843 1st time African-Americans participate in a national political convention (Liberty Party)
  • 1850 Honolulu, Hawaii, becomes a city
  • 1860 1st British tram opens (Birkenhead)
  • 1861 John Fremont issues proclamation freeing slaves of Missouri rebels

Victory in battleSecond Battle of Bull Run

1862 Second Battle of Bull Run in Manassas, Virginia ends with a Confederate victory over Union forces

  • 1862 Battle of Altamont-Confederates beat Union forces in Tennessee
  • 1873 Austrian explorers Julius von Payer and Karl Weyprecht discover the archipelago of Franz Joseph Land in the Arctic Sea.
  • 1885 13,000 meteors seen in 1 hour near Andromeda
  • 1888 Lord Walsingham kills 1,070 grouse in a single day

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1890 President Benjamin Harrison signed the first U.S. law requiring inspection of meat products

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • 1894 British explorer Frederick Lugard's expedition to Niger
  • 1895 Belgium begins compulsory Roman Catholic education
  • 1896 Eight provinces in the Philippines are declared under martial law by the Spanish Governor General Ramon Blanco. Including provinces of Batangas, Rizal, Cavite and Nueva Ecija
  • 1897 The town of Ambiky is captured by France from Menabe in Madagascar.
  • 1900 Last 2,000 British prisoners in Nooitgedagt, South Africa, freed
  • 1901 Hubert Cecil Booth patents vacuum cleaner
  • 1905 Pogoro/Ngindo attack Fort Mahenge German East-Africa
  • 1906 NY Highlander Joe Doyle debuts pitching back-to-back shut-outs
  • 1909 Burgess Shale fossils discovered by Charles Doolittle Walcott.
  • 1910 Yank Tom Hughes pitches 9 no-hit innings but loses to Cleve 5-0 in 11
  • 1914 1st German plane bombs Paris, 2 killed
  • 1914 Battle of Tannenberg (WWI) ends in destruction of Russian 2nd Narev army ca. 170,000 killed or injured
  • 1916 Boston's Dutch Leonard no-hits St Louis Browns, 4-0
  • 1918 Czechoslovakia forms independent republic

MurderAssassination Attempt

1918 Fanya Kaplan attempts but fails to assassinate Lenin, new leader of Soviet Russia

Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader Vladimir Lenin
Marxist Revolutionary and Soviet Leader
Vladimir Lenin
  • 1919 Ernst Toller's "Die Wandlung" premieres in Berlin
  • 1925 6th Iron pilgrim at Diksmuide Belgium
  • 1926 Jack Hobbs scores 316* at Lord's (Surrey v Middlesex)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Jawaharlal Nehru requests independence of India

1st Prime Minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru
1st Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1932 Hermann Goering elected Chairman of the Reichstag

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1933 Air France forms from five French airlines
  • 1933 Portuguese dictator Salazar forms secret police (PIDE)
  • 1939 General Reijnders appointed supreme commander of Dutch army
  • 1939 Isoroku Yamamoto appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese fleet
  • 1939 Poland mobilizes
  • 1941 Siege of Leningrad by German troops begins during WWII

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Winston Churchill approves a nuclear programme (Tube Alloys), first national leader to do so

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1942 Nazi-Germany annexes Luxembourg
  • 1944 Philip Yordan's "Anna Lucasta" premieres in NYC
  • 1944 Soviet troops enter Bucharest, Romania

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1945 General Douglas MacArthur lands in Japan

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • 1945 Hong Kong liberated from Japanese
  • 1949 Roly Jenkins (Worcs v Surrey) takes his 2nd hat-trick of the game
  • 1951 US & Philippines sign mutual defense pact
  • 1954 Hurricane Carol kills 68 on the US East Coast
  • 1956 USSR performs nuclear test (atmospheric tests)
  • 1956 White mob prevents enrollment of blacks at Mansfield High School, Texas
  • 1956 Lake Pontchartrain Causeway opens.
  • 1957 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1957 US senator Strom Thurmond speaks 24hrs 27m against civil rights
  • 1958 US performs nuclear test at S Atlantic Ocean
  • 1960 East Germany imposes a partial blockade on West Berlin
  • 1961 James Benton Parsons is confirmed as 1st African American judge of a US District Court
  • 1961 Last Spanish troops leave Morocco
  • 1961 USSR says it will resume nuclear testing
  • 1962 Japan conducts a test of the NAMC YS-11, its first aircraft since the war and its only successful commercial aircraft from before or after the war.
  • 1963 Hotline communication link between the Pentagon in Washington, D.C. and the Kremlin in Moscow installed. Often known as the "red telephone" no phones were ever used, relying instead on Teletype equipment, fax machines and most recently secure email.
  • 1965 Section of Allalin glacier wipes out construction site at Mattmark Dam near Saas-Fee, Switzerland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 US Senate confirm Thurgood Marshall as 1st black justice

First Black Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall
First Black Supreme Court Justice
Thurgood Marshall
  • 1969 Racial disturbances in Fort Lauderdale Florida
  • 1973 Danny Seiwell quits Wings
  • 1974 Express train runs at full speed into Zagreb, Yugoslavia, rail yard killing 153
  • 1974 Launching of 1st Dutch satellite, ANS, from Vandenberg
  • 1974 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1975 KTW-AM in Seattle Wash changes call letters to KYAC (now KKFX)
  • 1976 Turks & Caicos Islands adopts constitution
  • 1979 -Sept 13] Hurricane David, kills 1200 in Florida, Domincana & Dominican Republic
  • 1979 1st recorded occurrence of a comet hitting the sun, releases energy equal to one million hydrogen bombs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1979 US President Jimmy Carter attacked by a rabbit on a canoe trip in Plains, Georgia

39th US President Jimmy Carter
39th US President
Jimmy Carter

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 PLO leader Yasser Arafat leaves Beirut

Palestinian Leader Yasser Arafat
Palestinian Leader
Yasser Arafat
  • 1983 8th Space Shuttle Mission-Challenger 3-launched (6 days)
  • 1983 WKBC-TV (channel 48) ends broadcasting in Philadelphia
  • 1983 Guion Bluford becomes 1st African-American astronaut in space
  • 1984 12th Space Shuttle Mission (41-D)-Discovery 1-launched (6 days)
  • 1986 Soviet authorities arrested Nicholas Daniloff (US News World Report)
  • 1987 Ben Johnson of Canada runs 100m in world record 9.83 sec
  • 1988 France performs nuclear test
  • 1990 Tatarstan declares independence from the RSFSR.

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1334 Pedro, the Cruel, Spanish King of Castilia and Leon, born in Burgos, Spain (d. 1369)

King of Castille and Leon Peter the Cruel
King of Castille and Leon
Peter the Cruel
  • 1609 Artus I Quellinus "the Old", Flemish sculptor, baptised
  • 1705 David Hartley, English philosopher and Founder of the Associationist School of Psychology, born in Halifax, Yorkshire, England (d. 1757)
  • 1720 Samuel Whitbread, English brewer and Member of Parliament, born in Cardington, Bedfordshire (d. 1796)
  • 1748 Jacques-Louis David, French Neoclassical painter (Death of Marat), born in Paris (d. 1825)
  • 1772 Henri de La Rochejacquelin, French Royalist Army leader, born in Mauléon, Kingdom of France (d. 1794)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1797 Mary Shelley, English author (Frankenstein), born in London, England (d. 1851)

Frankenstein Author Mary Shelley
Frankenstein Author
Mary Shelley
  • 1804 Aleksandr I Polezjajev, Russian poet (Sasjka) [OS]
  • 1805 Michael Sars, Norwegian zoologist, born in Bergen, Norway (d. 1869)
  • 1808 Princess Ludovika of Bavaria, Mother of Empress Elisabeth of Austria, born in Munich (d. 1892)
  • 1813 Princess Mathilde Caroline of Bavaria, eldest daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria, born in Augsburg, Germany (d. 1862)
  • 1818 Alexander H. Rice, American businessman and politician, 30th Governor of Massachusetts (1876-78), born in Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1895)
  • 1821 Anita Garibaldi, Brazilian warrior; Garibaldi's wife (War of Tatters), born in Laguna, Santa Catarina, Brazil (d. 1849)
  • 1837 Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur, US 1st Lady (1881-85), born in Culpeper Court House, Virginia (d. 1880)
  • 1839 Gulstan Ropert, French Roman Catholic prelate, born in Kerfago, Brittany, France (d. 1903)
  • 1842 Grand Duchess Alexandra Alexandrovna of Russia, Eldest child of Alexander II of Russia, born in Catherine Palace, Pushkin, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1849)
  • 1844 Friedrich Ratzel, German social-geographer (Lebensraum), born in Karlsruhe, Germany (d. 1904)
  • 1848 Andrew Onderdonk, American railway contractor (Canadian Pacific Railway), born in NYC, New York (d. 1905)
  • 1849 J. M. Dent, British publisher, born in Darlington, England (d. 1926)
  • 1852 Jacobus Henricus van't Hoff, Dutch physical chemist (Nobel 1901), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1911)
  • 1856 Carle David Tolmé Runge, German mathematician and physicist, born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1927)
  • 1860 Isaac Levitan, Russian classical painter, born in Kybartai, Lithuania (d. 1900)
  • 1866 Georges Minne, Belgian sculptor, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1941)
  • 1870 Grand Duchess Alexandra Georgievna of Russia, Firstborn daughter of King George I and Queen Olga of Greece, born in Corfu, Greece (d. 1891)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1871 Ernest Rutherford [1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson], New Zealand physicist and father of nuclear physics (Nobel 1908), born in Brightwater, New Zealand (d. 1937)

  • 1878 Paul Hazard [Paul-Gustave-Marie-Camille Hazard], French critic and literature historian, born in Nordpeene, France (d. 1944)
  • 1882 Meijer de Hond, Dutch rabbi and writer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1943)
  • 1883 Theo Van Doesburg, [Christian EM Kupper], painter/architect (Style)
  • 1884 Theodor Svedberg, Swedish chemist, worked with colloids (Nobel 1926)
  • 1887 Adam Kuckhoff, German writer and resistance fighter (d. 1943)
  • 1893 Huey P Long, Winn Parish La, (gov/sen-D-La)
  • 1900 Franklin C Fry, US minister (Lutheran World Relief)
  • 1901 John Gunther, American author and host (John Gunther's High Road), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1970)
  • 1901 Roy Wilkins, American civil rights activist and longtime executive director of NAACP, born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1981)
  • 1906 Countess of Longford, biographer/historian
  • 1907 John Mauchly, American physicist who with J. Presper Eckert, designed the first general purpose electronic digital computer (ENIAC), born in Cincinnati, Ohio
  • 1908 Leonor Fini, Argentine artist, born in Buenos Aires (d. 1996)
  • 1909 Barry Appleby, cartoonist
  • 1912 Edward M Purcell, US physicist (Nobel 1952)
  • 1912 Nancy Wake, New Zealand-born World War II secret agent (Special Operations Executive), born in Wellington, New Zealand (d. 2011)
  • 1913 Thomas Torrance, theologist
  • 1914 Rafael Jose Luis Fernandez de la Calzada y Ferrer, restaurateur
  • 1915 Liesbeth Saijers, Dutch sculptor
  • 1916 John Thoday, geneticist
  • 1916 Kornelis M R van der Beek, reformed vicar (Arnhem)
  • 1916 Lord Keith of Castleacre, English banker
  • 1917 Denis Healey, English politician (Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer), born in London, (d. 2015)
  • 1919 Maurice R. Hilleman, Miles City Montana, American Microbiologist who developed over 36 vaccines including measles, mumps, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, chickenpox, meningitis, pneumonia
  • 1920 Ben Cami, Flemish writer/poet (Rose from Mud)
  • 1922 Lionel Murphy, Australian politician, born in Kensington, New South Wales, Australia (d. 1986)
  • 1923 Barbara Mary Ansell, UK founder of paediatric rheumatology (d. 2001)
  • 1923 Charmian Clift, Australian writer and essayist (d. 1969)
  • 1925 Laurent de Brunhoff, French writer and illustrator
  • 1927 Geoffrey Beene, Louisiana, dress designer (8 Coty Awards)
  • 1930 Warren Burger, American author (The Midas Touch)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1930 Warren Buffett, American business magnate (world's wealthiest person in 2008), born in Omaha, Nebraska

Investor Warren Buffett
Investor
Warren Buffett
  • 1931 Carrie Saxon Perry, 1st African American mayor of a major US city (Hartford CT)
  • 1931 John Leonard Swigert Jr, astronaut (Apollo 13), born in Denver, Colorado
  • 1936 Fabrizia Ramondino, writer
  • 1942 Jonathan Aitken, English MP

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1943 Robert Crumb, American cartoonist (Father Time, Fritz Cat), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Cartoonist Robert Crumb
Cartoonist
Robert Crumb
  • 1946 Anne-Marie, Danish princess/daughter of Frederik IX
  • 1947 Allan Rock, Canadian politician and diplomat
  • 1949 Ted Ammon, American financier (d. 2001)
  • 1949 Don Boudria, Canadian politician
  • 1950 Antony Gormley, British sculptor (Angel of the North), born in London, England
  • 1953 Ron George, American politician
  • 1954 Gerard Hadders, Dutch postage stamp designer (1991 children stamp)
  • 1954 Alexander Lukashenko, President of Belarus
  • 1958 Anna Politkovskaya, Russian journalist (d. 2006)
  • 1960 Hassan Nasrallah, leader of the Lebanese terrorist group Hizbollah
  • 1960 Master Sgt. Gary Gordon, Medal of Honor recipient (d. 1993)
  • 1962 Alexander Litvinenko, Russian KGB officer (d. 2006)
  • 1963 Paul Oakenfold, British disc jockey
  • 1964 Gavin Fisher, British engineer
  • 1973 Lisa Ling, American journalist

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1846 Author and Christian pioneer Ellen G. White (18) weds preacher James Springer White (25) in Portland, Maine

Christian Pioneer Ellen G. White
Christian Pioneer
Ellen G. White
  • 1953 Future NYC mayor David Dinkins marries Joyce Burrows in NYC
  • 2003 Daughter of Paul McCartney and fashion designer Stella McCartney (31) weds British publisher Alasdhair Willis on the 300-acre Gothic Estate in Scotland's Isle of Bute
  • 2005 "Squeeze" band founder Jools Holland (47) weds sculptor Christabel McEwen at St. James Church in Cooling, Kent, England

HeartWedding of Interest

2006 Billionaire Warren Buffett (76) weds longtime companion Astrid Menks (60) in Omaha

Investor Warren Buffett
Investor
Warren Buffett

Divorces in History

  • 1988 Julianne Philips files for divorce from Bruce Springsteen

Deaths in History

  • 524 Chlodomer, Frankish King of Orléans dies at about 29
  • 526 Theodorik the Great, King of Ostrogoten (b. 454)
  • 1181 Alexander III, [Orlando Bandinelli], Italian Pope (1159-81), dies
  • 1428 Emperor Shōkō (b. 1401)
  • 1482 Louis van Bourbon, prince-Bishop of Luik (Cluppelslagers), dies
  • 1483 Louis XI, King of France (1461-83), dies at 60
  • 1580 Emanuel Philibert, Duke of Savoy/governor of Netherlands, dies
  • 1617 Rose of Lima, Peruvian saint (b. 1586)
  • 1619 Shimazu Yoshihiro, Japanese samurai and warlord, dies at 84
  • 1666 Benedictus Carpzovius, [Benedikt Carpzov], German lawyer, dies
  • 1723 Anton van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch tradesman and scientist known as "the Father of Microbiology", dies at 90
  • 1751 Christopher Polhem, Swedish scientist and inventor (b. 1661)
  • 1809 Ignacy Potocki, Polish Foreign Minister (constitution), dies
  • 1844 Francis Baily, English astronomer/mathematician (Baily's Beads), dies
  • 1856 Gilbert Abbott à Beckett, English writer (b. 1811)
  • 1862 Charles Bernard Desormes, French Physicist and Chemist (carbon monoxide and carbon disulphide compositions), dies at 91
  • 1879 John B Hood, confederate general (lost Atlanta), dies at 48
  • 1886 Ferris Jacobs, Jr., American politician (b. 1836)
  • 1896 Alexei Lobanov-Rostovsky, Russian statesman (b. 1824)
  • 1903 Vincente F Lopez, historian (Historia the Chile), dies at 87
  • 1906 Hans Auer, Swiss architect (b. 1847)
  • 1910 Albert Vandal, French earl/historian (Napoleon), dies at 57
  • 1914 Adrian H Stewart, British lieutenant, dies in battle in Cameroon at 26
  • 1914 Aleksandr Samsonov, Russian general, commits suicide
  • 1917 Uritsky, leader of Petrogradse Czech, dies
  • 1919 Johann Sigurjonsson, Icelandic writer (Dr Rung), dies
  • 1928 Wilhelm Wien, Ger physicist (laws of motion, Nobel 1911), dies at 64
  • 1932 Willem M van Rossum, cardinal/prefect of Propaganda Fide, dies at 77
  • 1934 Earnest L Wolzogen, German writer (That tolle Komtess), dies at 79
  • 1935 Henri Barbusse, French writer (Le feu), dies at 62
  • 1938 Max Factor, make-up artist and cosmetic manufacturer (b. 1877)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1940 J. J. Thomson, English physicist who discovered the electron (Nobel 1906), dies at 83

Physicist J. J. Thomson
Physicist
J. J. Thomson
  • 1941 Peder Oluf Pedersen, Danish engineer and physicist (b. 1874)
  • 1943 A[braham] Merritt, American sci-fi author (The Moon Pool, Burn Witch Bun ), dies from a heart attack at 58
  • 1944 Morten Nielsen, Danish resistance fighter, dies
  • 1946 Grigory Semyonov, Russian counter-revolutionary (executed) (b. 1890)
  • 1963 Guy Burgess, English-born Soviet spy, dies of acute liver failure at 52
  • 1970 Anna Casati, Italian marchesa, murdered at 41
  • 1974 Abraham Schierbeek, Dutch biologist (Leeuwenhoek), dies at 87
  • 1981 Mohammad Ali Rajai, president of Iran, assassinated by a bomb
  • 1981 Mohammad Javad Bahonar, prime minister of Iran, assassinated by a bomb
  • 1985 Taylor Caldwell [Janet Miriam Holland Taylor Caldwell], Anglo-American novelist (Dynasty of Death, Dear and Glorious Physician), dies at 84
  • 1988 Albert F. Frey-Wyssling, Swiss Botanist, dies at 87
  • 1989 Joe De Santis, dies at 80
  • 1989 Seymour Krim, American journalist, essayist, and literary critic (b. 1922)
  • 1991 Hans Koetsier, sculptor artist (KLM-Schiphol), dies
  • 1991 Jean Tinguely, Swiss sculptor artist (moving objects), dies
  • 1994 Michael Gribble, film animator (Mike & Spike Festival), dies at 42
  • 1995 Dame Pattie Maie Menzies, Australian, dies at 96
  • 1995 Fischer S Black Jr, American financial Theorist, dies at 57
  • 1996 Jose Toribio Merino, admiral/milt junta of Chile (1973-80), dies at 80
  • 1999 Raymond Poïvet, French comics artist (b. 1910)
  • 2001 Ivor Spencer-Thomas, English farmer, entrepreneur and inventor (b. 1907)
  • 2003 Donald Davidson, American philosopher (b. 1917)
  • 2004 Fred Lawrence Whipple, American astronomer (b. 1906)
  • 2004 Indian Larry, American motorcycle builder and stuntman (b. 1949)
  • 2006 Naguib Mahfouz, Egyptian novelist (Palace Walk, Sugar Street) and first Arabic writer to win a Nobel Prize (1988), dies at 94
  • 2006 Robin Cooke, Baron Cooke of Thorndon, New Zealand jurist and member of the British House of Lords (b. 1926)
  • 2007 Michael Jackson, British beer and whiskey author/expert. (b. 1942)
  • 2007 Charles Vanik, American politician (b. 1918)
  • 2012 Chris Lighty, music executive and manager (Violator), dies of a gunshot wound at 44

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2013 Seamus Heaney, Irish poet and playwright (Nobel Prize in Literature 1995), dies at 74

  • 2015 Oliver Sacks, English Neurologist and author (Awakenings), dies at 82
  • 2015 Brad Anderson, American cartoonist (Marmaduke), dies at 91
  • 2016 Joe Sutter, American engineer and head of the Boeing 747 program, dies at 95