On This Day in History for August 6

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 134

  • 258 St Sixtus II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 523 St Hormisdas ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 768 Antipope Constantine II deposed
  • 939 Battle at Simancas - Spain beats Moors
  • 1181 Supernova observed by Chinese & Japanese astronomers

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1497 Italian explorer John Cabot returns to Bristol from North America (Newfoundland) - first European to do so since the Vikings

Explorer John Cabot
Explorer
John Cabot
  • 1538 Bogotá, Colombia, is founded by Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1600 Henry IV of France invades Savoy after negotiations break down over Saluzzo, controlled by Savoy since 1588

  • 1601 Spanish garrison of Meurs surrender to earl Mauritius
  • 1623 Maffeo Barberini elected Pope Urban VIII
  • 1625 Earl Earnest Casimir appointed as viceroy of Groningen
  • 1661 The Treaty of The Hague is signed whereby the Dutch Republic sells New Holland (Brazil) for 63 tonnes of gold to Portugal
  • 1675 Russian Tsar Alexis bans foreign hair styles to those below the nobility
  • 1726 Emperor Karel VI & Tsarina Catharine the Great sign military treaty

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1774 Founder of the Shaker Movement, Mother Ann Lee, arrives in NY

Founder of the Shakers Ann Lee
Founder of the Shakers
Ann Lee
  • 1787 Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia begins debate on the first draft of the Constitution
  • 1806 Holy Roman Empire ends; it was neither holy, Roman, nor an empire. Francis II renounces the title, becoming Emperor of Austria.
  • 1815 US flotilla ends piracy by Algiers, Tunis & Tripoli
  • 1819 Norwich University is founded in Vermont as the first private military school in the United States.
  • 1821 1st edition of "Courrier of Pays-Bas" newspaper published in Brussels

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1824 Battle at Junan - Simon Bolívar's army defeats the Spanish

Military and Political Leader Simón Bolívar
Military and Political Leader
Simón Bolívar
  • 1825 Bolivia gains independence from Peru (National Day)
  • 1845 The Russian Geographical Society is founded in Saint Petersburg.
  • 1856 The Great Bell is cast in the Great Clock of Westminster (Big Ben)
  • 1861 US Congress passes First Confiscation Act
  • 1861 Lexington, Kentucky - Union military camp forms in neutral state
  • 1861 The British annex Lagos, Nigeria
  • 1862 Confederate ironclad "Arkansas" is badly damaged in Union attack
  • 1864 Confederate forces evacuate Fort Powell in Mobile Bay, Alabama
  • 1870 Battle at Spicheren: Prussia beats France
  • 1870 White conservatives capture the Tennessee legislature by suppressing the black vote
  • 1890 At Auburn Prison in New York, murderer William Kemmler becomes first person to be executed by electric chair
  • 1896 France annexes Madagascar
  • 1901 Kiowa land in Oklahoma is opened for white settlement, effectively dissolving the contiguous reservation.
  • 1905 26.7 cm rainfall at Princeton, Indiana (state record)
  • 1909 Alice Ramsey and three friends become the first women to complete a transcontinental auto trip.
  • 1910 NYC Mayor Wm J Gaynor seriously wounded during assassination attempt
  • 1914 WWI: Austria-Hungary declares war on Russia
  • 1914 WWI: French cavalry enters Belgium
  • 1914 WWI: German Zeppelin bombs Liege, 9 killed
  • 1914 WWI: Serbia declares war against Germany
  • 1914 Denis Patrick Dowd Jr. enlists in the French Foreign Legion, becoming the first American to fight in World War I.
  • 1915 The British land more troops at Suvla Bay on the northern shore of Gallipoli in an effort to break the stalemate on the peninsula during WWI
  • 1917 World War I: Battle of Mărăşeşti between the Romanian and German armies begins.
  • 1918 Ferdinand Foch becomes Marshal of France during WWI
  • 1918 World War I: Second Battle of the Marne ends
  • 1919 1st air flight over a major body of water in Australia (Harry Butler)
  • 1919 Romanian forces bring down Hungarian Soviet Republic in Budapest
  • 1921 Clason Point, Bronx to College Point, Queens muni ferry system begins
  • 1923 Gustav Stresemann is named chancellor and foreign minister during riots and strikes in Germany
  • 1926 NY's Gertrude Ederle becomes 1st woman to swim English Channel
  • 1930 Supreme Court Justice John Force Crater disappears in NYC
  • 1930 Remains of Solomon Andrees' balloon expedition to North Pole in 1897, found at Kvit oya Spitsbergen
  • 1934 US troops leave Haiti, which had been occupied since 1915
  • 1936 1st time in 20th century, 1st 2 batters in a game-Roy Johnson & Rabbit Warstler of Boston Bees-lead off with HRs
  • 1937 Franco's artillery fires on Madrid
  • 1937 Indians overturn Yankees' 7-6 win by a protest
  • 1937 US & USSR sign trade treaty
  • 1940 Estonia is annexed into Soviet empire
  • 1942 -8] Riots by Dutch Jews
  • 1942 Canadian destroyer HMCS Assiniboine sinks U-210
  • 1942 Churchill fires Gen Auchinlek as Middle-East commander

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Hermann Goering proclaims occupied areas "thoroughly empty to plunder"

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1943 US 1st Infantry division occupies node Troina Sicily
  • 1944 All 1,200 Jewish death marchers from Lipcani Moldavia have died
  • 1944 Anti-German attack at Avranches fails
  • 1944 Deportation of 70,000 Jews from Lodz Poland to Auschwitz begins
  • 1944 US 20th Army corp under general Walker occupies Nantes

BattleAtomic Bombing of Hiroshima

1945 Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima by the US B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay"

  • 1946 US officially submits to jurisdiction of World Court
  • 1947 1st performance of Villa-Lobos' "Bachianas Brasilieras No 8"
  • 1948 Willem Drees forms Socialist government (KVP/Social Democratics/CHU/Liberal) in the Netherlands
  • 1951 Typhoon floods kill 4,800 in Manchuria
  • 1958 US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
  • 1960 The UN Security Council lay down rules which would allow UN forces to enter Congo
  • 1961 Gherman S Titov, 2nd Russian in space aboard Vostok 2 (17 orbits)
  • 1961 1st case of motion sickness in space reported
  • 1962 Jamaica becomes independent after 300 years of British rule
  • 1964 Pope Paul VI publishes encyclical Ecclesiam Suam
  • 1964 Prometheus, the world's oldest tree, is cut down in Nevada US
  • 1965 Pakistani soldiers crossed the Line of Control into Kashmir

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Voting Rights Act prohibiting voting discrimination against minorities

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1966 Salazarbrug over Tag opens (longest suspension bridge in Europe)
  • 1966 US citizens demonstrate against war in Vietnam
  • 1967 Oriole Brooks Robinson hits into a record 4th triple play
  • 1967 Pope Paul VI publishes constitution Pro comperto sane
  • 1970 Italian government of Mariano Rumor resigns
  • 1970 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1974 6th time Phils get just 1 assist in game; no other team did it twice
  • 1974 Explosion & fire destory Great Northern RR yard in Wenatchee, Wash
  • 1976 Zulfikar Ali Bhutto lays the foundation stone of Port Qasim, Karachi.
  • 1979 Marcus Hooper, 12, is youngest person to swim English Channel
  • 1980 University adm declares 5 Pac-10 schools ineligible for conference titles & post-season play due to transcript & curriculum abuses
  • 1981 Argentine ex-president Isabel Peron freed
  • 1981 NASA launches Fltsatcom-5, it failed
  • 1982 California Doug DeCinces hits 3 HRs again in game (did it 5 days ago also)
  • 1982 WQXI (Atlanta) is 1st to use Harris Corp AM stereo system
  • 1982 Three ANC members are sentenced to death in South Africa
  • 1983 Supertanker Castillo de Bellvar crashes at South Africa
  • 1983 Bomb planted by Umkhonto we Sizwe, the armed wing of ANC, explodes at a synagogue in Johannesburg, South Africa

Birthdays in History

  • 1180 Emperor Go-Toba of Japan (d. 1239)
  • 1504 Matthew "Nosey" Parker, archbishop of Canterbury
  • 1609 Richard Bennett, English Colonial Governor of Virginia (d. 1675)
  • 1638 Nicolas de Malebranche, French philosopher
  • 1644 Francoise L de la Baume Le Blanc, French mistress of Louis XIV
  • 1651 Francois Fenelon, France, writer (Playing for Time)
  • 1656 Claude de Forbin, French naval commander (d. 1733)
  • 1666 Maria Sofia of the Palatinate, queen of Portugal (d. 1699)
  • 1697 Charles VII, Holy Roman emperor (1742-45)
  • 1715 Luc de Clapiers, marquis de Vauvenargues, French writer (d. 1747)
  • 1775 Louis-Antoine the Bourbon, French duke of Angouleme/General of France
  • 1775 Daniel O'Connell, Irish politician (d. 1847)
  • 1800 Catherine Beecher, educator (championed higher education for women)
  • 1804 Justinus van der Brugghen, Dutch lawyer/minister of Justice (1856-58)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1809 Alfred Lord Tennyson, British Poet Laureate of Great Britain, born in Somersby, Lincolnshire (d. 1892)

  • 1811 Judah Philip Benjamin, Secy War/Secy State (Confederacy) [or Aug 11]
  • 1819 Samuel Powhatan Carter, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1826 Thomas Alexander Browne, Australian writer (d. 1915)
  • 1844 Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (d. 1900)
  • 1845 Anthonie A Vorsterman van Oyen, Dutch genealogist
  • 1859 J Arthur S Berson, Austria meteorologist (Balloon flights, Amazon)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1861 Edith Roosevelt, US First Lady and wife of Teddy Roosevelt, born in Norwich, Connecticut (d. 1948)

First Lady of the United States Edith Roosevelt
First Lady of the United States
Edith Roosevelt
  • 1868 Paul Claudel, France, diplomat/poet (L'Otage-1909)
  • 1871 Emanuel Querido, [Joost Mendes], author/publisher
  • 1873 John Wesley Work Jr., 1st African-American collector of folk songs and spirituals, born in Nashville, Tennessee (or 1871) (d. 1925)
  • 1874 Charles Fort, American writer and researcher (d. 1932)
  • 1877 Wallace H. White, Jr., American politician (d. 1952)
  • 1879 Joseph Wirth, German politician (Stalin Peace Prize)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1881 Alexander Fleming, Scottish bacteriologist (invented penicillin; Nobel Prize 1945), born in Lochfield, Scotland (d. 1955)

  • 1881 Louella Parsons, American gossip columnist (d. 1972)
  • 1882 Gerrit H Kersten, Dutch vicar/founder (Calvinist party)
  • 1883 Scott Nearing, US sociologist/pacifist/author (The Good Life)
  • 1885 Jozef M E Meeus, Belgian director H-Heart union
  • 1889 George Kenney, American Air Force General (d. 1977)
  • 1889 John Middleton Murry, English poet (d. 1957)
  • 1891 William Slim, British general (d. 1970)
  • 1893 Guthrie McClintic, Broadway producer/dir (Winterset), born in Seattle, Washington
  • 1893 Wright Patman, American politician (d. 1976)
  • 1900 Cecil H. Green, American geophysicist (d. 2003)
  • 1902 Vladimir M Kirshon, Russian playwright (Ultimatum Factory) [OS]
  • 1902 Dutch Schultz, American bootlegger (d. 1935)
  • 1904 M Revis, [Willem Fisherman], author (Gelakte Brain)
  • 1908 James Lees-Milne, English writer and architectural historian, born in Wickhamford, Worcestershire (d. 1997)
  • 1908 Sol Adler, economist Sinophile
  • 1910 Charles Crichton, British director (Battle of Sexes)
  • 1910 William J Law, sailor
  • 1914 Susan Cowdy, ornithologist
  • 1916 Dom Mintoff, Maltese Prime Minister (1955-58, 1971-84), born in Bormla, Malta (d. 2012)
  • 1922 Freddie Laker, CEO (Laker airlines)
  • 1923 William B Williams, DJ (WNEW, Sammy & Company), born in Babylon, New York
  • 1923 Jess Collins, American artist (d. 2004)
  • 1926 Christa Reinig, writer
  • 1926 J[anet] O[pal] Jeppson, [nee Janet Asimov], author (2nd Experiment)
  • 1927 William David Ford, (Rep-D-Michigan, 1965- )
  • 1929 Roch La Salle, Canadian politician (d. 2007)
  • 1932 Howard Hodgkin, British abstract painter, born in London (d. 2017)
  • 1934 John Storey Bonington, UK, mountain climber (Annapurna I in 1970)
  • 1934 Leopold M de Beer, Dutch MP (VVD)
  • 1934 Piers Anthony Dillingham Jacob, UK, sci-fi author (Chthon, Phthor)
  • 1940 Mukhu Aliyev, Russian politician, President of Dagestan
  • 1941 Lyle Berman, American poker player
  • 1942 George Jung [Boston George], American convicted drug felon whose story was portrayed in the biopic "Blow", born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1943 Jon Postel, American computer scientist (d. 1998)
  • 1945 Ron Jones, British TV director (d. 1995)
  • 1946 Roh Moo-hyun, South Korean politician
  • 1948 Michael Peters, choreographer (What's Love Got to Do with It)
  • 1949 Joyce McKinney, Avery County NC, Miss Wyoming (1972)
  • 1949 Alan Campbell, Northern Irish clergyman
  • 1949 Clarence Richard Silva, Catholic Bishop of Honolulu
  • 1950 Winston E Scott, USN Commander/astronaut (STS 72, 87), born in Miami, Florida
  • 1954 Carl C Perkins, (Rep-D-KY, 1984- )
  • 1957 Jim McGreevey, American politician
  • 1961 Bruce Matthews, center/guard (Tennessee Oilers)
  • 1961 Carol Norman, Ardmore Oklahoma, bowler (LPBT Rookie of Year 1982)
  • 1967 Archbishop Alexy (Bondarenko), Ukrainian-born theologian
  • 1975 Renate Götschl, Austrian alpine skier
  • 1976 Parmeso Emekrasha, Buddhist Monk
  • 1976 Travis Kalanick, American entrepreneur (Red Swoosh, Uber), born in Los Angeles, California
  • 1981 Travis McCoy, American alternative hip-hop artist

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1968 Children's author Theodor Geisel [Dr. Seuss] (64) weds Audrey Stone Dimond

Children's Author Dr. Seuss
Children's Author
Dr. Seuss

Deaths in History

  • 258 Saint Sixtus II, bishop of Rome (257-58), beheaded
  • 523 Hormisdas, Pope (514-23), dies
  • 966 Berengarius II, markgraaf of Ivrea/king of Italy (950-963)
  • 1162 Ramon Berenguer IV, Count of Barcelona
  • 1195 Henry de Leeuw, duke of Saxon/Bayern, dies
  • 1221 Dominicus, Italian religious order founder (Dominicans)
  • 1272 Stefanus V, prince of Transylvania/king of Hungary (1270-72), dies
  • 1414 King Ladislas of Naples (b. 1377)
  • 1458 Callixtus III, [Alfonso the Borja], Pope (1455-58), dies at 79
  • 1623 Anne Hathaway, wife of William Shakespeare, dies
  • 1628 Johannes Junius, Mayor of Bamberg (b. 1573)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1637 Ben Jonson, English playwright and poet, dies at 65

Playwright and Poet Ben Jonson
Playwright and Poet
Ben Jonson
  • 1645 Lionel Cranfield, 1st Earl of Middlesex, English merchant (b. 1575)
  • 1657 Bohdan Khmelnytsky, Polish-Lithuanian noble
  • 1660 Diego Rodriguez de Silva Valezquez, Spanish (court)painter, dies at 61
  • 1661 Jacqueline-M-A the Sainte Madeleine Arnauld, French abbess, dies
  • 1666 Tsjerk H de Vries, fleet guardian, dies in Battle at 43
  • 1679 John Snell, English royalist (b. 1629)
  • 1695 François de Harlay de Champvallon, French Catholic archbishop (b. 1625)
  • 1718 Jacob F Muller, [Sjako/Jaco], Germ/Neth crowd leader, beheaded at 28
  • 1727 Francois Valentijn, vicar/writer, dies at 61
  • 1746 Christian VI, king of Denmark/Norway, dies
  • 1753 Georg Wilhelm Richmann, Russian physicist (struck by lightning) (b. 1711)
  • 1759 Eugene Aram, English philologist (b. 1704)
  • 1783 Willem Bachiene, vicar/theologist/geography/astronomer, dies at 70
  • 1794 Henry Bathurst, 2nd Earl Bathurst, British politician (b. 1714)
  • 1815 James A. Bayard (elder), United States Senator from Delaware (b. 1767)
  • 1820 M A Elisa Bonaparte, Corsican monarch of Lucca, dies at 43, dies
  • 1828 Konstantin von Benckendorff, Russian general and statesman
  • 1850 Edward Walsh, Irish poet (b. 1805)
  • 1862 Francisco Acuna de Figueroa, Uruguay national anthem, dies at 71
  • 1866 John Mason Neale, English divine, scholar and hymnwriter (b. 1818)
  • 1881 James White, co-founder of the Seventh-day Adventist Church (b. 1821)
  • 1884 Robert Spear Hudson, English businessman (b. 1812)
  • 1886 Wilhelm Scherer, German literature historian, dies at 45
  • 1893 Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1811)
  • 1900 Wilhelm Liebknecht, German journalist/socialist, dies at 74
  • 1914 Ellen Axson Wilson, US 1st Lady (1913-14), dies during Woodrow Wilson's 1st term of Bright's Disease at 54
  • 1920 Stefan Bastyr, Polish aviator, first flight in independent Poland (b. 1890)
  • 1937 Annie E F Horniman, England, theater owner (Abbey Theatre), dies at 76
  • 1937 Ferdinand CS Schiller, British philosopher (Mind!), dies at 72
  • 1945 Hiram Johnson, American progressive politician, US Senator, Governor of California (1911-17), dies at 78
  • 1945 Prince Wu of Korea (b. 1912)
  • 1954 Theo[by] Van Reijn, sculptor/drawer/lithograph, dies at 70 [or 8/10]
  • 1961 Jozef E Van Roey, Flemish cardinal/archbishop of Mechelen, dies at 87
  • 1965 Aksel Sandemose, writer, dies
  • 1966 Paul Myron Anthony Linebarger, sci-fi author (Space Lords), dies at 53
  • 1966 Cordwainer Smith, American writer (b. 1913)
  • 1968 Ernest Burnelle, Belgian politician, dies at 60
  • 1969 Theodor Adorno, German philosopher/sociologist, dies at 65

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1973 Fulgencio Batista y Zaldivar, Cuban Dictator (1940-58), dies at 72

Cuban President and Dictator Fulgencio Batista
Cuban President and Dictator
Fulgencio Batista
  • 1978 Edward Durrell Stone, US architect, dies at 76
  • 1978 Pope Paul VI, [Giovanni Montini], (1963-78), dies at 80
  • 1986 Emilio Fernandez, director (La Choca, Flor Silvestre), dies at 82
  • 1986 Manfred Hausmann, writer, dies at 87
  • 1986 William J Schroeder, (longest-survivor with permanent artificial) heart, dies at 54, after 620 days with Jarvik VII man-made pump)
  • 1987 Ira C Eaker, commandant USAF in Europe (WW II), dies at 91
  • 1988 Anatoli S Levchenko, cosmonaut (TM-4), dies of brain tumor at 47
  • 1988 J Skelly Wright, US judge (anti-segregationist), dies at 77
  • 1990 Jacques Soustelle, Fren ethnology/minister of Information, dies at 78
  • 1990 Mário Pinto de Andrade, Angolan poet and politician who founded the Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), dies at 62
  • 1990 Robert Alex, shot to death by robber at 31
  • 1991 Shapour Bakhtiar, premier Iran (1979), dies in Paris
  • 1991 Roland Michener, Canadian politician and governor general (b. 1900)
  • 1993 Milt Thompson, American astronaut (Dynasoar, X-15), NASA test pilot and chief-engineer, dies at 67
  • 1995 Paul James Nunn, mountaineer, dies at 52
  • 1996 Buland Al Haidary, poet, dies at 69
  • 1996 Hernan Siles Zuazo, President of Bolivia (1956-60, 1982-85), dies at 82
  • 1996 Muhammad al-Badr, magnate of Northern Yemen (1962), dies
  • 1996 Ossie Raymond Clark, fashion designer, dies at 54
  • 1996 Richard Murphey Goodwin, economist, dies at 83
  • 1998 Andre Weil, French mathematician (b. 1906)
  • 2001 Jorge Amado de Faria, Brazilian writer (b. 1912)
  • 2001 Wilhelm Mohnke, one of the original 120 members of the Nazi SS-Staff Guard (b. 1911)
  • 2002 Edsger Dijkstra, Dutch computer scientist (b. 1930)
  • 2005 Robin Cook, British politician (b. 1946)
  • 2007 Heinz Barth, German convicted war criminal (SS) (b. 1920)
  • 2011 Fe del Mundo, Filipino pediatrician and National Scientist (b. 1911)
  • 2012 Sir Bernard Lovell, English radio astronomer, dies at 98
  • 2012 Robert Hughes, Australian art critic and writer (Barcelona), dies at 74
  • 2016 Helen Delich Bentley, American politician (Rep-R-MD, 1985-950, dies at 92