On This Day in History for August 9

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 112


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

48 BC Caesar's civil war: Battle of Pharsalus - Julius Caesar decisively defeats Pompey at Pharsalus and Pompey flees to Egypt.

Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman Julius Caesar
Roman Military Commander and Political Statesman
Julius Caesar
  • 378 Battle of Adrianople: Goth army defeats Roman forces under Emperor Valens
  • 681 Bulgaria is founded as a Khanate on the south bank of the Danube, after defeating the Byzantine armies of Emperor Constantine IV south of the Danube delta.
  • 1173 Construction of the Tower of Pisa begins, and it takes two centuries to complete.
  • 1253 Clare of Assisi's rules confirmed by Pope Innocent IV for Clare's Order of Poor Ladies
  • 1329 Quilon the first Indian Diocese was erected by Pope John XXII and Jordanus was appointed the first Bishop
  • 1378 Cardinals declare pope Urbanus VI lawless (anti christian/devil)
  • 1483 Opening of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican
  • 1559 Willem of Orange becomes viceroy of Holland/Zealand/Utrecht
  • 1596 Henry van Cuyk becomes bishop of Roermond
  • 1638 Jonas Bronck of Holland becomes 1st European settler in Bronx

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1655 Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell divides England into 11 districts

English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell
English Military and Political Leader
Oliver Cromwell
  • 1666 Rear Admiral Robert Holmes leads a raid on the Dutch island of Terschelling, destroying 150 merchant ships in the Vlie estuary, and pillaging the town of West-Terschelling, an act later known as "Holmes's Bonfire".
  • 1673 Dutch under Admiral Cornelis Evertsen de Jonge recapture NY from English; regained by English in 1674
  • 1726 Netherlands signs Covenant of Hannover
  • 1757 English Fort William Henry, NY, surrenders to French & Indians troops

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1778 Captain James Cook reaches Cape Prince of Wales, Bering straits

Captain/Explorer James Cook
Captain/Explorer
James Cook
  • 1790 Robert Gray's Columbia Rediviva returns to Boston after 3 year journey, 1st American ship to circumnavigate the Globe
  • 1803 1st horses arrive in Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1803 Robert Fulton tests his steam paddle-boat on the River Seine, France

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1810 Napoleon annexes Westphalia as part of the First French Empire.

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1815 Napoleon Bonaparte sets sail for exile on St Helena on board British ship the Northumberland
  • 1829 "Stourbridge Lion" locomotive goes into service
  • 1830 Louis-Philippe formally accepts crown of France, following abdication of Charles X
  • 1831 1st US steam engine train run (Albany to Schenectady, NY)
  • 1841 Erie boat in Buffalo NY catches fire; 242 die
  • 1842 US-Canada border defined by Webster-Ashburton Treaty
  • 1848 Austria & Sardinia sign cease fire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1848 US Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merges with Free Soil Party nominating Martin Van Buren for president

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • 1849 Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria & Russia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1854 Henry David Thoreau publishes "Walden"

Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau
Naturalist/Pacifist
Henry David Thoreau
  • 1855 Battle of Acapulco during Mexican Liberal uprising
  • 1859 Otis Tuft patents the first passenger elevator in the US
  • 1862 Battle of Cedar Mountain VA during US Civil War (Slaughter Mountain, Southwest Mountain)
  • 1863 Skirmish at Calfkiller Creek, Tennessee - Union troops attack Confederate scouts
  • 1864 Battle of Ft Morgan AL

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1877 Henry Morton Stanley's party reaches Boma, Congo, after 999 days, losing half of the 228 members.

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1890 First 44 Javans arrive in Suriname to work 5 years on sugar plantations
  • 1893 1st US bowling magazine, Gut Holz, published in New York
  • 1898 Rudolf Diesel of Germany patents the diesel internal combustion engine
  • 1901 34-35°N/98-99°W open for US colonization
  • 1902 Edward VII of Great Britain crowned having succeeded his mother Victoria
  • 1904 Libanus McLouth Todd of Rochester, New York patents his check-writing machine, the Protectograph designed to protect against check forgers
  • 1907 The first Boy Scout camp concludes at Brownsea Island in Poole Harbour, Southern England.
  • 1910 Alva Fisher patents electric washing machine
  • 1914 German U-15 was sunk by the British cruiser, H.M.S. Birmingham
  • 1915 British attack at Chanak Bair at Gallipoli during WWI
  • 1917 Canadian Parliament passes the Compulsory Military Act which is oppossed by many French-Canadians from Québec
  • 1918 Reds manager Christy Mathewson suspects Hal Chase of taking bribes to fix games, and suspends him "for indifferent play"
  • 1920 Bulgarian & allied Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine goes into effect
  • 1930 113°F (45°C) at Perryville, Tennessee (state record)
  • 1930 Percy Williams runs world record 100m (10.3 sec)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Winston Churchill reaches Newfoundland for talks with FDR

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1942 200 Jews escape Mir Ghetto in Poland
  • 1942 Vice-Adm Mikawa lands at Guadalcanal, Solomon Island

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Mahatma Gandhi & 50 others arrested in Bombay after passing of a "quit India" campaign by the All-India Congress

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1943 Bertolt Brecht's play "Life of Galileo" premieres in Zurich
  • 1944 12 workers of Dutch illegal paper "Trouw" executed at Camp Vught
  • 1944 Smokey Bear debuts as spokeman for fire prevention
  • 1944 US 79th/90th division enter Le Mans

BattleNuclear Bombing of Nagasaki

1945 US drops 2nd atomic bomb "Fat Man" on Japan destroys part of Nagasaki

  • 1950 Lusty Song wins Hambletonian
  • 1951 Dutch Korea volunteers win US Collective Unit Citation
  • 1952 General strike against overtime conscription in Belgium
  • 1953 Premier Mohammed Abdullah of Kashmir fired
  • 1956 1st state-wide state-supported educational TV network, Alabama
  • 1956 South African women demonstrate against pass laws
  • 1960 Race riot in Jacksonville, Florida
  • 1961 James B Parsons is 1st black appointed to Federal District Court
  • 1965 Fire in Titan II silo in Searcy Arkansas, 53 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Singapore separates from the Federation of Malaysia and gains its independence

Malaysia's Founding Father Tunku Abdul Rahman
Malaysia's Founding Father
Tunku Abdul Rahman
  • 1967 Biafran offensive against Nigerian army
  • 1968 Yugoslav president Tito visits Prague
  • 1969 Manson family commits Tate-LaBianca murders
  • 1970 Peruvian Airlines jet carrying 45 US exchange students explodes
  • 1971 Operation Demetrius (or Internment) is introduced in Northern Ireland allowing suspected terrorists to be indefinitely detained without trial; the security forces arrested 342 people suspected of supporting paramilitaries
  • 1972 There is widespread and severe rioting in Nationalist areas of Northern Ireland on the anniversary of the introduction of Internment
  • 1973 Henry McCullough & Denny Seiwell quit Wings
  • 1973 USSR launches Mars 7

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Richard Nixon resigns US presidency, VP Gerald Ford swears oath of office to become 38th US president

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1975 Dodger Davey Lopes steals record 32nd consecutive base without being caught
  • 1976 Clive Lloyd scores double-ton in 120 mins, WI v Glamorgan
  • 1976 USSR launches Luna 24, last Lunar flight to date from Earth
  • 1977 Chris Old completes a century in 37 mins, Yorks v Warwicks
  • 1977 The military-controlled Government of Uruguay announces that it will return the nation to civilian rule through general elections in 1981 for a President and Congress.
  • 1978 USSR performs (underground) nuclear test
  • 1979 English seaside resort Brighton gets 1st British nude beach
  • 1980 Belgian constitution revised
  • 1981 Six English lifeguards set relay swim record English Channel (7:17)
  • 1981 All star MVP: Gary Carter (Mont Expos)
  • 1981 NL beats AL 5-4 in 52nd All Star Game (Cleveland Stadium)
  • 1984 Daley Thomas of Britain sets decathalon record (8,847) in LA Cal
  • 1984 STS 41-D vehicle again moves out to launch pad
  • 1987 The National Union of Mineworkers begin South Africa's longest wage strike
  • 1988 Just 1 day after 8/8/88 NY's daily number is 888
  • 1990 12 Arab leaders agree to send pan-Arab forces to protect Saudi Arabia
  • 1990 Russian spacecraft Soyuz TM-10 launches
  • 1992 Record temperature in Berlin-Dahlem 99.3°F (37.4°C)
  • 1993 King Albert II of Belgium, crowned
  • 1994 Phil Rizzuto Hall of Fame Night

Birthdays in History

  • 1201 Arnold Fitz Thedmar, English chronicler (d. 1274)
  • 1593 Izaak Walton, England, biographer/fisherman/writer (Compleat Angler)
  • 1611 Henry earl of Nassau-Siegen, colonel/governor of Hulst Neth
  • 1653 John Oldham, English poet (d. 1683)
  • 1669 Eudoxia Lopukhina, Tsarina of Russia (d. 1731)
  • 1674 František Maxmilián Kaňka, Czech architect (d. 1766)
  • 1677 Jacob Campo Weyerman, South Neth's adventurer/painter/writer
  • 1696 Jozef Wenceslas, monarch of Liechtenstein/general
  • 1722 Augustus William, Prince of Prussia (d. 1758)
  • 1726 Francesco Cetti, Italian Jesuit scientist (d. 1778)
  • 1757 Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (d. 1834)
  • 1758 Bruno Dalberg/Anonymus Belga, [Petrus the Wacker van Zon], writer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1776 Amedeo Avogadro, Italian scientist who contributed to molecular theory, including what is known as Avogadro's law (6.022 x 10 ^ 23), born in Torino, Italy (d. 1856)

Scientist Amedeo Avogadro
Scientist
Amedeo Avogadro
  • 1783 Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1801)
  • 1797 Charles Robert Malden, British naval officer (d. 1855)
  • 1805 Joseph Locke, English railway and civil engineer (d. 1860)
  • 1808 William Thomas Ward, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1809 William Barret Travis, commander at Battle of the Alamo
  • 1819 William Thomas Green Morton, dentist, used ether (HOF 1920)
  • 1819 Jonathan Homer Lane, American astrophysicist who mathematically analyzed the Sun as a gaseous body, born in Geneseo, New York (d. 1880)
  • 1823 Daniel Marsh Frost, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1900)
  • 1824 Simon Goodell Griffin, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers)
  • 1825 Elisha Ferry, (Gov-R-Wash, 1872-80, 1889-93)
  • 1845 Xavier Mellery, Belgian painter/illustrator
  • 1845 André Bessette, Canadian religious figure (d. 1937)
  • 1847 Maria Victoria al Pozzo della Cisterna, queen consort of Spain (d. 1876)
  • 1872 Archduke Joseph August of Austria, Austrian field marshal (d. 1962)
  • 1887 Abraham Schierbeek, Dutch biologist (Swammerdam)
  • 1888 Hans Oster, German major general/spy/July 20th plotter
  • 1890 Eino Kaila, Finnish psychologist/philosopher
  • 1896 Jean Piaget, Switz, pioneer developmental psychologist/zoologist
  • 1896 Leonide Massine, choreographer (Diaghilev Ballet Russe 1914-20)
  • 1896 Erich Hückel, German physicist (d. 1980)
  • 1897 Ralph Wyckoff, American pioneer in x-ray crystallography
  • 1898 David de Jong, Dutch writer (Mutiny on the Canal)
  • 1899 Armand Salacrou, French playwright
  • 1899 Pamela Lyndon Travers, Queensland, Australia, writer (Mary Poppins), (d. 1996)
  • 1905 Elizabeth Lane, 1st female British supreme court justice
  • 1907 Berta Waterstradt, writer
  • 1909 John Baur, museum director/author (American Paintings in 19th Century)
  • 1909 Adam von Trott zu Solz, German diplomat (d. 1944)
  • 1910 Robert H van Gulik, Dutch diplomat/writer (Judge Ti)
  • 1911 William A Fowler, US, astrophysicist (Nobel 1983)
  • 1913 Herman Talmadge, (Sen-D-Ga, Watergate Committee)
  • 1914 Gordon Cullen, English architect (Townscape), born in Calverley (d. 1994)
  • 1914 Tove Jansson, Finnish author (Moomins) (d. 2001)
  • 1919 Joop [Johannes] den Uyl, Dutch Premier (PVDA, 1973-77)
  • 1920 Enzo Biagi, Italian journalist and writer
  • 1921 J James Exon, (Sen-D-Nebraska, 1979- )
  • 1921 Ernest Angley, televangelist
  • 1922 Philip Larkin, Coventry England, writer (North Ship, Jill)
  • 1923 Gerrit Kouwenaar, Dutch literary
  • 1925 David A. Huffman, creator of Huffman coding (d. 1999)
  • 1927 Marvin Minsky, Artifical intelligence computer scientist (MIT)
  • 1927 Daniel Keyes, American author (Flowers for Algernon), born in Boca Raton, Florida (d. 2014)
  • 1931 Mark Weinberg, South African/British fiancier/multi-millionaire
  • 1932 John Gomery, Canadian jurist
  • 1938 Leonid Kuchma, 2nd President of Ukraine (1994-2005) and 2nd Prime Minister of Ukraine (1992-93), born in Chaikyne, Ukraine
  • 1939 Tony Budge, English contractor/tank maker/multi-millionaire
  • 1944 Smokey the Bear, named after NYC fireman Smokey Joe Martin
  • 1944 Gerrit Jan Wolffensperger, Dutch MP (D66)
  • 1945 Posy Simmonds, English cartoonist
  • 1949 Jonathan Kellerman, American writer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1950 Chris Haney, Canadian journalist who created the board game "Trivial Pursuit", born in Welland, Ontario (d. 2010)

Co-creator of Trivial Pursuit Chris Haney
Co-creator of Trivial Pursuit
Chris Haney
  • 1952 Vicki Morgan, Colo Springs Colo, mistress (Beautiful Bad Girl)
  • 1952 Prateep Ungsongtham Hata, Thai politician
  • 1955 John E. Sweeney, American politician
  • 1959 Michael Kors, American fashion designer and Project Runway judge, born in Long Island, New York
  • 1961 John Key, New Zealand politician, Prime Minister (2008-2016), born in Auckland
  • 1964 Hoda Kotb, American television news anchor
  • 1969 Divine Brown, [Estelle Marie Thompson], SF, prostitute (Hugh Grant)
  • 1970 Chris Cuomo, American TV journalist
  • 1971 James Kim, technology reporter (d. 2006)
  • 1973 James McKeehan, tight end (Tennessee Oilers)
  • 1974 Kirill Reznik, American politician
  • 1976 Aled Haydn Jones, Radio 1's The Chris Moyles show Producer
  • 1984 Saori Horii, Japanese gravure idol

Weddings in History

  • 1832 King Leopold I of Belgium marries Louisa Maria

HeartWedding of Interest

1968 Detective writer Erle Stanley Gardner (79) weds his long-time secretary Agnes Jean Bethell

Detective Writer Erle Stanley Gardner
Detective Writer
Erle Stanley Gardner

Deaths in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

117 Trajan, Roman Emperor, dies from edema at 63

Roman Emperor Trajan
Roman Emperor
Trajan
  • 378 Flavius Valens, emperor of Byzantium (364-78), dies in battle at 50
  • 803 Irene, Byzantine empress/wife of emperor Leo IV, dies
  • 1048 Pope Damasus II [Poppo] dies in Rome, after reigning for only 23 days
  • 1107 Emperor Horikawa of Japan (b. 1079)
  • 1173 Najm ad-Din Ayyub, father of Saladin
  • 1250 King Eric IV of Denmark (b. 1216)
  • 1420 Pierre d'ailly/Peter de Alliaco, French theologist/cardinal, dies
  • 1516 Jeroen Bosch, painter (Garden of the Lusten), dies at 66
  • 1534 Cardinal Cajetan, Italian theologian (b. 1470)
  • 1601 Michael the Brave, Prince of Wallachia (b. 1558)
  • 1612 Ottavio M Frangipani, Pope elect, dies
  • 1634 Pieter I de Jode, Flemish publisher, dies
  • 1634 William Noy, English jurist (b. 1577)
  • 1652 John Both, landscape painter/etcher, dies at about 37
  • 1668 Francois Anguier, French sculptor, dies at about 64
  • 1720 Simon Ockley, English orientalist (b. 1678)
  • 1738 Pierre Drevet, French engraver, dies
  • 1744 James Brydges, 1st Duke of Chandos, English patron of the arts (b. 1673)
  • 1763 John Althuysen, Fries vicar/poet (Frysk Jierboek), dies at 47
  • 1816 Johann August Apel, German jurist and writer (b. 1771)
  • 1837 Xavier Sigalon, French painter (b. 1787)
  • 1848 Frederick Marryat, English captain/author (Mr Midshipman Easy), dies
  • 1854 Frederik Augustus II, king of Saxon (1836-54), dies at 57
  • 1862 Joseph Bennett Plummer, US Union-brig-gen, dies at 42 or 46
  • 1862 Charles S Winder, Confederate General killed at the Battle of Cedar Mountain VA, at 32
  • 1886 Samuel Ferguson, Northern Irish poet and artist (b. 1810)
  • 1888 Charles Cros, French mathematician/chemist/poet, dies at 45
  • 1892 Matthias de Vries, linguistic (spelling), dies
  • 1896 Otto Lilenthal, aircraft pioneer, killed during a glider test at 48
  • 1898 Gardner Quincy Colton, American lecturer who was the first to use nitrous oxide as an anesthetic in dentistry, dies at 84
  • 1899 Edward Frankland, British structural chemist who co-discovered helium and developed the theory of valence, dies on holiday in Norway at 74
  • 1904 Friedrich Ratzel, German social-geographer (Lebensraum), dies at 59
  • 1911 John Gates ("Bet-a-million" Gates), American inventor and industrialist who established the market for barbed wire fencing, dies following an unsuccessful operation to remove a throat tumor at 56
  • 1915 Henry Longbottom, English lieutenant, dies in battle
  • 1919 Ernst Haeckel, German philosopher (Social Darwinism), dies at 85
  • 1924 Jacob P Vis, Dutch founder (NV Royal Salt Industries), dies at 66
  • 1928 Frederik II W, grand duke of Baden (1907-18), dies at 71
  • 1929 Heinrich Zille, German cartoonist (Simplicissimus), dies at 71
  • 1932 John Charles Fields, Canadian mathematician and founder of the Fields Medal, dies after a three-month illness at 69
  • 1938 Leo Frobenius, German ethnologist and archaeologist (African cultures), dies at 65
  • 1942 Edith Stein, German philosopher, dies
  • 1949 Edward Thorndike, American psychologist (father of modern educational psychology), dies at 74
  • 1957 Carl Clauberg, Nazi doctor (b. 1898)
  • 1960 Bernard Ogilvie Dodge, American botanist and pioneer researcher on heredity in fungi, dies at 88
  • 1961 Walter Bedell Smith, US general/WW II chief of staff, dies at 75

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1962 Hermann Hesse, German/Swiss poet/author (Nobel 1946), dies at 85

Nobel Laureate Novelist Hermann Hesse
Nobel Laureate Novelist
Hermann Hesse
  • 1969 Abigail Folger, US, coffee magnate (Folgers), murdered
  • 1969 Voyteck Freykowski, US director, murdered
  • 1969 Wojciech Frykowski, Polish writer (murdered) (b. 1936)
  • 1969 Jay Sebring, American hair stylist (murdered) (b. 1933)
  • 1969 Steven Parent, American student (murdered) (b. 1951)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1969 Cecil Frank Powell, English physicist who discovered pion (pi-meson), a subatomic particle (Nobel 1950), dies at 65

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Cecil Frank Powell
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Cecil Frank Powell
  • 1972 Bill Berns, commentator (Television Screen Magazine), dies at 53
  • 1973 Dean Corll, shot, he raped & killed 26 boys
  • 1976 Jose Lezama Lima, Cuban poet/novelist, dies at 65
  • 1978 James Gould Cozzens, American novelist (1949 Pulitzer-Guard of Honor), dies at 74
  • 1978 Johan Daisne, [Thiery], Belgian writer (Lago Maggiore), dies at 66
  • 1979 Raymond Washington, founder of Los Angeles, California gang, the Crips
  • 1980 Oleg Grigoryevich Kononenko, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 41
  • 1980 Jacqueline Cochran, American aviatrix (b. 1906)
  • 1982 Aleksandr A Alekseyev, Russian director, dies
  • 1987 Kees de Galan, Dutch economist, dies at 55
  • 1992 Christopher Todd, [Todd Wangberg], dies of AIDS at 30
  • 1992 Jan van Baal, antropologist/gov Dutch New-Guinea, dies
  • 1992 Patrick A Devlin, England, judge/lead house of Lords, dies
  • 1992 Thomas J McIntyre, (Sen-NH, 1963-79), dies at 77
  • 1993 Mohamed M Tabet, commissar of Casablanca, raped 518, executed at 54
  • 1994 Aartje W "Mien" van It Sant-van Bommel, author, dies at 93
  • 1994 Clarence Ford, sax player, dies at 64
  • 1994 Toby Rowland, theatrical manager, dies at 77
  • 1995 John Schofield, journalist, dies at 29
  • 1995 Willem Noordhoek, photographer, dies at 78
  • 1996 James Whitman McLamore, businessman, dies at 70
  • 1996 Kenneth Fleetwood, fashion Designer, dies at 65
  • 1996 Ruth Holland, journalist, dies at 54
  • 1999 Fouad Serageddin, Egyptian politician (b. 1910)
  • 2000 John Harsanyi, Hungarian-born economist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1920)
  • 2002 Peter Neville, anarchist, sociologist, and peace activist
  • 2004 Robert Lecourt, French politician and president of the European Court of Justice (b. 1908)
  • 2005 Judith Rossner, American novelist (b. 1935)
  • 2006 James van Allen, American physicist (b. 1914)
  • 2006 Philip E. High, science fiction author (b. 1914)
  • 2007 Joe O'Donnell, American documentary photographer, photojournalist (b. 1922)
  • 2007 Akutsu Tetsuzo, Japanese surgeon who built the first artificial heart, dies at 84
  • 2008 Mahmoud Darwish, Palestinian prominent poet and writer of prose.(b. 1941)
  • 2010 Ted Stevens, American politician (b. 1923)
  • 2014 Michael Brown, an 18 year old black man is shot dead by white Ferguson police officer Darren Wilson. His death provoked nationwide protests and civil unrest.
  • 2014 Ed Nelson, American actor, dies from heart failure at 85
  • 2015 David Nobbs, English comedic writer (The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin), dies at 80
  • 2016 Bob Kiley, American public transit specialist (New York, London), dies at 80
  • 2016 Gerald Grosvenor, English 6th Duke of Westminster and 3rd richest Britain, dies at 64