On This Day in History for December 1

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 150

  • 772 Pope Adrian I [Hadrian I] elected

Event of interestEvent of Interest

800 Charlemagne judges the accusations against Pope Leo III in the Vatican.

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1167 Northern Italian towns form Lombardi League
  • 1420 Henry V of England enters Paris.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1566 Spanish king Philip II names Fernando Alvarez, duke of Alva

King of Spain Philip II
King of Spain
Philip II
  • 1626 Pasha Muhammad ibn Farukh tyrannical gov of Jerusalem, driven out
  • 1640 Portugal regains independence after 60 years of Spanish rule
  • 1641 Massachusetts becomes the first colony to give statutory recognition to slavery
  • 1656 Germany promises Poland aid against Sweden
  • 1708 Great Alliance occupies Brussels
  • 1742 Empress Elisabeth orders expulsion of all Jews from Russia
  • 1750 First school in America to offer manual training courses opens in Maryland
  • 1768 The slave ship Fredensborg sinks off Tromøy in Norway.
  • 1783 Jacques Charles and Nicolas Roberts make first untethered ascension with gas hydrogen balloon in Paris
  • 1821 Santo Domingo (Dominican Rep) proclaims independence from Spain
  • 1822 Dom Pedro crowned emperor of Brazil

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1824 US House of Representatives begins to decide outcome of election deadlock between John Quincy Adams and Andrew Jackson (Adams wins)

6th US President John Quincy Adams
6th US President
John Quincy Adams
US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1831 Erie Canal closes for entire month due to cold weather

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 Hans Christian Andersen publishes his 1st book of fairy tales

  • 1843 1st chartered mutual life insurance company opens
  • 1852 Telegraph company opens throughout Netherlands
  • 1864 Raid at Stoneman: Knoxville, TN to Saltville, VA
  • 1864 Skirmish at Millen Brutal, Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1868 John D. Rockefeller begins anti oil war

Oil Industrialist John D. Rockefeller
Oil Industrialist
John D. Rockefeller
  • 1878 1st White House telephone installed
  • 1884 American Old West: Near Frisco, New Mexico, deputy sheriff Elfego Baca holds off a gang of 80 Texan cowboys who want to kill him for arresting Charles McCarthy.
  • 1887 Sherlock Holmes 1st appears in print: "Study in Scarlet"
  • 1887 Sino-Portuguese treaty recognizes Portugal's control of Macao
  • 1896 1st certified public accountants receive certificates (NY)
  • 1900 Exiled South African President of Transvaal Paul Kruger visits Flanders and on the same day is declined a visit from the German Kaiser
  • 1900 Portifiro Diaz is inaugurated for his 6th consecutive term as President of Mexico
  • 1903 "The Great Train Robbery", the 1st Western film, released
  • 1906 Cinema Omnia Pathe, world's 1st cinema, opens (Paris)
  • 1906 Shoemaker Wilhelm Voigt (Capt of Köpenick) sentenced to 4 yrs
  • 1909 1st Christmas Club payment made, to Carlisle Trust Co, Pa
  • 1909 1st Israeli kibbutz founded, Deganya Alef
  • 1913 1st drive-up gasoline station opens (Pitts)
  • 1913 Continuous moving assembly line introduced by Ford (car every 2:38)
  • 1913 Flag of Greece officially raised at Firka Fortress, Chania Crete symbolising the union of Crete and Greece.
  • 1915 The US requests that Germany withdraw its military and naval attaches from the Embassy in Washington
  • 1916 There is virtual civil war in Greece as royalists fight Venizelist, and the Allies determine on a Venizelist victory
  • 1917 Boys Town founded by Father Edward Flanagan west of Omaha Neb
  • 1918 Danish parliament passed an act to grant Iceland independence under Danish crown
  • 1918 Serbian-Croatian-Slovic kingdom proclaimed in Belgrade
  • 1918 Yugoslavia declares independence; monarchy established
  • 1919 AA Milne's "Mr Pim Passes By" premieres in Manchester
  • 1919 Lady Nancy Astor sworn-in as 1st female member of British Parliament
  • 1921 1st US helium-filled dirigible makes 1st flight
  • 1921 US Post Office establishes philatelic agency
  • 1922 1st skywriting over US-"Hello USA"-by Capt Turner, RAF
  • 1922 Polish state Chief Marshal Jozef Pilsudski resigns
  • 1924 Calles becomes president of Mexico
  • 1925 Treaty of Locarno signed
  • 1928 Railroad museum opens in Utrecht Neth
  • 1929 Game of Bingo invented by Edwin S Lowe
  • 1931 Ottawa branch of Royal Mint begins operation as Royal Canadian Mint

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Rudolf Hess & Earnest Rohm become a minister in Hitler government

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler


1934 Leningrad mayor Sergey Kirov assassinated, used by Stalin as the excuse to begin the Great Purge of 1934-38.

Soviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin
Soviet Union Premier
Joseph Stalin
  • 1935 Austria has world's 1st Day of Postage Stamp
  • 1936 Bell Labs tests coaxial cable for TV use
  • 1936 EW Brundin & FF Lyon obtain patent on soilless culture of plants

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1937 Japan recognizes Franco government

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1938 School bus & train collide in Salt Lake City Utah
  • 1939 SS-Fuhrer Himmler begins deportation of Polish Jews
  • 1941 British cruiser Devonshire sinks German sub Python
  • 1941 Japanese emperor Hirohito signs declaration of war
  • 1941 US Civil Air Patrol (CAP) organizes
  • 1942 Gasoline rationed in US
  • 1942 The Beveridge Report is published by the British government unveiling plans for a post-war welfare state
  • 1943 FDR, Churchill & Stalin agree to Operation Overlord (D-Day)
  • 1944 Mail routing resumes in free South Netherlands
  • 1944 Prokofjev's 8th Piano sonata, premieres
  • 1948 Arabic Congress names Abdullah of Trans Jordan as King of Palestine
  • 1948 Piet Roozenburg becomes world champion checker player
  • 1951 Golden Gate Bridge closes due to high winds
  • 1952 The New York Daily News reports the first successful sexual reassignment operation.
  • 1954 Nationalist China & US sign dike agreement

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Rosa Parks arrested for refusing to move to the back of bus and give her seat to a white passenger in Montgomery, Alabama

Civil Rights Activist Rosa Parks
Civil Rights Activist
Rosa Parks
  • 1956 Frank Robinson (NL) & Luis Aparicio (AL) voted Rookie of the Year
  • 1956 Indonesian VP Mohammed Hatta resigns
  • 1958 Central African Rep made autonomous member of Fr Comm (National Day)
  • 1958 Our Lady of Angels School burns, killing 92 students & 3 nuns (Chic)
  • 1959 12 nations sign treaty for scientific peaceful use of Antarctica
  • 1959 The 1st color photograph of Earth received from outer space
  • 1960 Patrice Lumumba caught in the Congo
  • 1961 The independent Republic of West Papua is proclaimed in modern-day Western New Guinea.
  • 1962 7th British Empire Games and Commonwealth Games close in Perth, Australia
  • 1963 Nagaland becomes a state of Indian union

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Martin Luther King Jr. speaks to J. Edgar Hoover about his slander campaign

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1965 Airlift of refugees from Cuba to US began
  • 1965 South Africa's government says children of white fathers are white
  • 1966 Georg Kiesinger elected West German chancellor
  • 1966 Radio time signal WWV moves from Greenbelt, Md to Boulder, Colo
  • 1967 Queen Elizabeth inaugurates 98-inch (249-cm) Isaac Newton telescope
  • 1967 Seattle awarded one of the 2 AL expansion franchise teams
  • 1968 Gonzalo Barrios, Venezuelan presidential candidate
  • 1968 Pirate Radio Modern (259) (England) begins transmitting
  • 1969 US government holds its 1st draft lottery since WW II
  • 1969 LAPD Police Chief Edward Davis annouces warrants for the arrest of the Manson cult for murder
  • 1970 Luis Echeverria Alvarez sworn in as president of Mexico

Birthdays in History

  • 1081 Louis VI of France (d. 1137)
  • 1083 Anna Comnena, Byzantine historian (d. 1153)
  • 1521 Takeda Shingen, Japanese warlord (d. 1573)
  • 1525 Tadeáš Hájek, Czech physician and astronomer (d. 1600)
  • 1549 Johan van der Veeken, merchant/co-founder (VOC)
  • 1566 Philip, earl of Nassau-Dillenburg, gov of Ft Gorinchem/Nijmegen
  • 1573 Philippus Rovenius, [Rouveen], apostile
  • 1580 Nicolas-Claude Fabri de Peiresc, French astronomer (d. 1637)
  • 1634 John-Erasmus Quellinus, [Quellien], Flemish painter
  • 1671 John Keill, Scottish mathematician, born in Edinburgh, Scotland, (d. 1721)
  • 1671 Francesco Stradivari, Italian violin maker/son of Antonius
  • 1690 Philip Yorke, 1st Earl of Hardwicke, Lord Chancellor of England (d. 1764)
  • 1716 Etienne-Maurice Falconet, French sculptor (d. 1791)
  • 1722 Anna Louisa Karsch "Die Karschin", German poet, born in Hammer, Silesia (d. 1791)
  • 1724 Charles Theodoor, elector (Palts & Bayern)
  • 1726 Eggert Olafsson, Icelandic writer
  • 1726 Oliver Wolcott, US judge/signer (Declar of Independence)
  • 1743 Martin H Klaproth, German chemist (uranium)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1761 Marie Tussaud, French founder of Madame Tussaud's wax museum, born in Strasbourg (d. 1850)

Wax Museum Creator Madame Tussaud
Wax Museum Creator
Madame Tussaud
  • 1766 Nikolai Mikhailovich Karamzin, Russian writer (d. 1826)
  • 1792 Lobachevsky, mathematician
  • 1826 William Mahone, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1895)
  • 1832 Archibald Gracie Jr, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • 1835 Micah Jenkins, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • 1844 Alexandra, Danish princess/Queen of Great Britain/Ireland
  • 1869 Eligiusz Niewiadomski, Polish assassin of Gabriel Narutowicz (d. 1923)
  • 1873 Charles JM Ruys de Beerenbrouck, premier of Neth (1918-25, 29-33)
  • 1873 Valery Bryusov, Russian poet (d. 1924)
  • 1878 Arthur B Spingarn, US NAACP-chairman (1940-65)
  • 1884 Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, German painter (d. 1976)
  • 1886 Pierre Kemp, Dutch poet (Fugitives & Constants)
  • 1886 Rex Stout, American mystery writer (Nero Wolf novels), born in Noblesville, Indiana (d. 1975)
  • 1886 Willem E Crown, Antillian writer
  • 1891 Foppe G Scheltema, Dutch lawyer (wreck laws)
  • 1893 Ernst Toller, German playwright, President of Bavarian Soviet Republic (1919), born in Samotschin (d. 1939)
  • 1895 Henry Williamson, English author (d. 1977)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1896 Georgy Zhukov, Russian deputy commander-in-chief of the Red Army during WWII (Battles of Stalingrad, Kursk and Berlin) and Minister of Defense, born in Strelkovka, Kaluga (d. 1974)

Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov
Marshal of the Soviet Union
Georgy Zhukov
  • 1897 Manuel A Neat, Curacaos author (Nobleza di Coerazon)
  • 1899 Robert Welch, founded John Birch Society
  • 1904 W A "Tony" Boyle, United Mine Workers president
  • 1905 Charles Finney, US, author (Circus of Dr Lao)
  • 1909 Jan Koplowitz, German writer, born in Kudowa (d. 2001)
  • 1910 Dame Alicia Markova, ballerina and choreographer (Diaghilev's Ballet Russe 1925-32), born in London, England
  • 1910 Louis Slotin, Winnipeg Manitoba, Canadian Physicist and Chemist (Manhattan Project, Los Alamos) who assembled the plutonium core for 'Trinity', the first detonated atomic device
  • 1912 Minoru Yamasaki, architect (World Trade Center, NY)
  • 1916 Wan Li, Chinese reform politician, born in Dongping County, Shandong province (d. 2015)
  • 1918 Kirby Laing, English contractor/multi-millionaire

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1918 Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan, first President of the United Arab Emirates, born in Al Ain, Abu Dhabi

President of the United Arab Emirates Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
President of the United Arab Emirates
Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan
  • 1919 Anne Cox Chambers, US ambassador to Belgium (1977-81), born in Dayton, Ohio
  • 1922 Geraldine McCulloug, Maywood Ill, painter/sculptor (Phoenix)
  • 1923 Stansfield Turner, CIA director
  • 1923 Morris, Belgian cartoonist (Lucky Luke) (d. 2001)
  • 1925 Martin Rodbell, American scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1998)
  • 1930 Joachim Hoffmann, German historian (d. 2002)
  • 1932 Robert T Herres, USAF/astronaut, born in Denver, Colorado
  • 1933 Violetta Verdy, French ballerina and teacher, born in Pont-l'Abbé, Brittany (d. 2016)
  • 1934 Hilly Axwijk, Suriname social worker
  • 1937 Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga, 6th President of Latvia
  • 1942 John Crowley, US, sci-fi author (Deep, Beasts, Novelty)
  • 1942 Peter Kalikow, Queens real estate developer/publisher (NY Post), born in NYC, New York
  • 1944 Tahar Ben Jelloun, French writer of Moroccan origin
  • 1944 Daniel Pennac, French writer born in Morocco
  • 1944 Michael W. Hagee, 33rd Commandant of the United States Marine Corps
  • 1948 Tom Wright, English bishop and theologian

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1949 Pablo Escobar, Colombian drug lord, born in Rionegro, Colombia (d. 1993)

Colombian Drug Lord Pablo Escobar
Colombian Drug Lord
Pablo Escobar
  • 1949 Sebastián Piñera, Chilean businessman and presidential candidate
  • 1951 Alexander Panayotov Aleksandrov, Bulgaria, cosmonaut (Soyuz TM-5)
  • 1959 Rick Leventhal, American broadcast journalist
  • 1961 Armin Meiwes, German cannibal
  • 1970 Jouko Ahola, Finnish strongman
  • 1971 Peter Van de Veire, Belgian radio-presenter
  • 1971 John Schlimm, American author
  • 1972 Norbert Wójtowicz, Polish historian and theologian
  • 1976 Konerak Sinthasomphone, Jeffrey Dahmer's victim, born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • 1976 Brently Heilbron, American satirist
  • 1976 Matthew Shepard, American murder victim (d. 1998)
  • 1988 Zoe Kravitz, daughter of Lisa Bonet & Lenny Kravitz
  • 2001 Aiko, Princess Toshi of Japan

Weddings in History

HeartWedding of Interest

1927 Chinese political and military leader Chiang Kai-shek (40) weds Soong May-ling (28) in Shanghai

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 2012 Congressman Joseph Kennedy III (32) weds Lauren Anne Birchfield (28) at the Community Church in Corona del Mar, California
  • 2012 "The Bachelorette" reality star Ashley Hebert weds J.P. Rosenbaum at the Langham Huntington Hotel in Pasadena, California

Deaths in History

  • 660 Eligius [Eloy], French patron saint of horses, goldsmiths and metalworkers who as bishop of Tournay-Noyon spent 20 years converting the pagan population of Flanders to Christianity, dies at around 72
  • 1135 Henry I Beauclerc, King of England and the 1st English King fluent in the English language, dies of fever after eating "a surfeit of lampreys"
  • 1241 Isabella of England, wife of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1214)
  • 1374 Magnus Eriksson, king of Norway/Sweden, dies
  • 1377 King Magnus II of Sweden (b. 1316)
  • 1417 Walraven I van Brederode, viceroy of Holland, dies
  • 1433 Emperor Go-Komatsu of Japan (b. 1377)
  • 1455 Lorenzo Ghiberti, Italian sculptor, dies at 77

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1521 Leo X, [Giovanni de' Medici], Italian Pope (1513-21), dies at 45

Pope Leo X
Leo X
  • 1530 Margaretha of Austria, governess of the Netherlands, dies at 51
  • 1580 Edmund Campion, English jesuit, hanged at 42
  • 1580 Giovanni Morone, Italian theologian/diplomat/cardinal, dies at 71
  • 1581 Ralph Sherwin, English Catholic saint (b. 1550)
  • 1581 Alexander Briant, English saint (b. around 1556)
  • 1602 Kobayakawa Hideaki, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1582)
  • 1633 Isabella of Austria, infante of Spain/governess in Holland, dies at 67
  • 1660 Pierre d'Hozier, French historian (b. 1592)
  • 1700 Willem ten Rhijne, Dutch physician in Batavia, dies at about 53
  • 1709 Abraham a Sancta Clara, [Johann Megerle], German court preacher and friar, dies at 65
  • 1729 Giacomo F. Maraldi, French-Italian astronomer (b. 1665)
  • 1736 Simon van Slingelandt, Dutch grand pensionary (1727-36), dies at 72
  • 1750 Doppelmayr, mathematician
  • 1767 Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, British Freemason (b. 1710)
  • 1797 Oliver Wolcott, US judge/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 71
  • 1825 Tsar Alexander I of Russia (b. 1777). Reigned from 1801
  • 1842 Philip Spencer, 1st US naval officer condemned for mutiny, hanged
  • 1865 Constant van Crombrugghe, Flemish monastery founder, dies at 76
  • 1865 Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich, Swiss poet (b. 1796)
  • 1866 George Everest, Welsh surveyor and namesake of Mt. Everest (d. 1790)
  • 1884 William Swainson (lawyer), second, and last, Attorney-General (New Zealand) of the Crown Colony of New Zealand (b. 1809)
  • 1887 Albertus J Duymaer van Twist, gov-gen of Dutch-Indies, dies at 78
  • 1892 Joseph Lippens, Belgian lieutenant in Congo, murdered
  • 1916 Charles E Vicomte de Foucauld, French explorer, dies at 58
  • 1923 Virginie Loveling, Belgian writer and poet (b. 1836)
  • 1928 José Eustasio Rivera, Colombian writer (b. 1888)
  • 1934 Sergei M Kirov, Josef Stalin's collaborator, assassinated in Leningrad
  • 1935 Bernard Schmidt, inventor (Schmidt camera), dies
  • 1943 Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince and historian (b. 1862)
  • 1947 Aleister Edward S Crowley, British occultist, dies at 72
  • 1947 Hardy, mathematician, dies
  • 1952 Victor E Orlando, Italian premier (1917-19), dies at 92
  • 1964 J. B. S. Haldane, Scottish geneticist (b. 1892)
  • 1971 Arthur B Springarn, US NAACP chairman (1940-65), dies at 93
  • 1972 Antonio Segni, Italian PM/pres (1955-57, 59-60, 62-64), dies at 81

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1973 David Ben-Gurion, founding father of Israel, dies in Tel Aviv at 87

First Israeli Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion
First Israeli Prime Minister
David Ben-Gurion
  • 1974 Lajos Zilahy, Hungarian/US author (Angry Angel), dies at 83
  • 1974 Stephen Gill Spottswood, US bishop/chairman (NAACP), dies at 77
  • 1975 Anna E. Roosevelt, American radio personality (b. 1906)
  • 1977 Paul Hardy, Belgian designer (Italian Country, dies at 69
  • 1983 Mirsky, mathematician, dies
  • 1984 Roelof Frankot, Dutch painter (b. 1911)
  • 1987 Donn Fulton Eisele, Col USAF/astronaut, dies of a heart attack at 57
  • 1987 James Arthur Baldwin, writer (Another Country), dies at 63
  • 1990 Jan H de Groot, Dutch co-founder (Vrij Nederland), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1990 Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, Indian diplomat and politician, dies at 90

Indian Politician and Diplomat Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
Indian Politician and Diplomat
Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit
  • 1991 George Joseph Stigler, US economist (Nobel 1982), dies at 80
  • 1996 Barbak Karmal, politician, dies at 67
  • 1997 Denis Gerald Barrington, artist, dies at 67
  • 1997 Michel Bélanger, French Canadian businessman and banker (b. 1929)
  • 1997 Endicott Peabody, 62nd Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1920)
  • 1998 Freddie Young, British cinematographer (b. 1902)
  • 2003 Clark Kerr, first Chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley (b. 1911)
  • 2004 Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands (b. 1911)
  • 2005 Gust Avrakotos, American intelligence case officer (b. 1938)
  • 2006 Bruce Trigger, Canadian archaeologist (McGill University) (b. 1937)
  • 2008 Joseph B. Wirthlin, religious leader, member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, businessman (b. 1917)
  • 2010 Hillard Elkins, American theatre and film producer (b. 1929)
  • 2011 Christa Wolf, German writer (b. 1929)