On This Day in History for December 11

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 135

  • 359 Honoratus, first known Prefect of the City of Constantinople, takes office.
  • 384 St Damasus I dies and ends his reign as Catholic Pope. Began reign 366
  • 1282 Llywelyn ab Gruffydd/Llywelyn the Last, last native Prince of Wales is killed at Cilmeri, near Builth Wells, south Wales. Reigned from 1259.
  • 1419 Heretic Nicolaas Serrurier exiled from Florence
  • 1477 Duchess Maria of Burgundy ends the 'Great Privilege'
  • 1572 Spanish troops begin siege of Haarlem
  • 1602 Surprise attack by forces of the Duke of Savoy and his brother-in-law, Philip III of Spain repelled by citizens of Geneva. Commemorated since as Fête de l'Escalade.
  • 1618 Russia & Poland signs Peace treaty of Dailino
  • 1620 103 Mayflower pilgrims land at Plymouth Rock (12/21 NS)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1620 Myles Standish and a group of 18 settlers are attacked by 30 Native Americans, which became known as the "First Encounter"

Military Leader of Plymouth Colony Myles Standish
Military Leader of Plymouth Colony
Myles Standish
  • 1665 "Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi festival in Smyrna
  • 1688 King James II captured in Kent.
  • 1710 Battle of Villa Viciosa (France beat Habsburgers)
  • 1719 1st recorded display of Aurora Borealis in north American colonies (New England)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1730 Voltaire's "Brutus" premieres in Paris

Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire
Enlightenment Philosopher
Voltaire
  • 1792 France's King Louis XVI goes on trial, accused of high treason and crimes against the state
  • 1812 1st newspaper on Curacao (Curacao Gazette & Commercial Advertiser)
  • 1816 Citizens of Geneva thwarted Savoyard invaders
  • 1816 Indiana becomes 19th state of the Union
  • 1844 1st dental use of nitrous oxide, Hartford, Ct
  • 1872 1st black US govenor took office, Pinckney Benton Stewart Pinchback (La)
  • 1882 Boston's Bijou Theatre, 1st American playhouse lit exclusively by electricity, 1st performance, Gilbert & Sullivan's "Iolanthe"
  • 1882 Victorien Sardous "Fedora" with Sarah Bernhardt, premieres in Paris
  • 1888 French Panama Canal Company fails
  • 1893 11 fishing ships wash up at Wadden Sea, 22 killed
  • 1902 The US signs a treaty with Cuba allowing for a 20 percent reduction of tariff rates on imported Cuban products
  • 1903 British forces under MacDonald & Younghusband march into Tibet
  • 1905 120°F (49°C), Rivadavia, Argentina (South American record)
  • 1905 British government of Campbell-Bannerman forms
  • 1905 A workers uprising occurs, establishing the Shuliavka Republic in Kiev.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1906 US President Theodore Roosevelt attacks abuses in the Congo

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1907 New Zealand Parliament Buildings almost completely destroyed by fire.
  • 1908 Frederick Delius' "In a Summer Garden" premieres
  • 1909 Colored moving pictures demonstrated at Madison Square Garden, NYC
  • 1909 Canadian Football exhibition game played in Van Cortlandt Park in Bronx, Hamilton Tigers beat Ottawa Rough Riders, 11-6 before 15,000
  • 1913 "Mona Lisa" recovered 2 years after it was stolen from the Louvre Museum
  • 1914 Stockton Street Tunnel (SF) completed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1916 David Lloyd George forms British war government

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • 1917 13 black soldiers hanged for participation in Houston riot
  • 1917 German-occupied Lithuania proclaims independence from Russia
  • 1919 Boll weevil monument dedicated in Enterprise, Alabama
  • 1925 Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Quas Primas
  • 1926 Josephine Baker goes up in Amsterdam

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1928 Buenos Aires police thwart an attempt on President-elect Herbert Hoover

31st US President Herbert Hoover
31st US President
Herbert Hoover
  • 1930 Bank of the United States closes in New York City
  • 1931 Japan leaves the Gold Standard
  • 1931 Statute of Westminster gives complete legislative independence to Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Ireland (Free State), and Newfoundland (not then part of Canada)
  • 1932 San Francisco's coldest day (27°F) - it snows
  • 1934 1935 All-Star Game is assigned to Cleveland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Edward VIII announces in a radio broadcast that he is abdicating the British throne to marry Wallis Simpson

Duchess of Windsor Wallis Simpson
Duchess of Windsor
Wallis Simpson
King of Great Britain Edward VIII
King of Great Britain
Edward VIII
  • 1937 Italy withdraws from League of Nations
  • 1939 New anti-Jewish measures proclaimed in Poland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1940 Russian general Georgy Zhukov warns of German assault

Marshal of the Soviet Union Georgy Zhukov
Marshal of the Soviet Union
Georgy Zhukov
  • 1941 Dutch government in London declares war on Italy
  • 1941 Germany & Italy declare war on USA
  • 1941 Giants acquire Johnny Mize from Cards for 3 players & $50,000
  • 1941 Japanese attack Wake Island (only failed WW II-landing)
  • 1941 Japanese occupy Guam
  • 1942 Australian/Dutch guerrilla troops evacuated to Timor near Australia
  • 1944 Surprise attack on House of Keeping Axe, 29 prisoners freed
  • 1945 Het Parool publishes 1st Captain Rob-strip
  • 1946 Spain suspended from UN
  • 1946 UN Children's Fund (UNICEF) established (Nobel 1965)
  • 1950 Baseball owners vote 9-7 not to renew Commissioner Chandler's contract
  • 1950 Hindemiths Concerto for clarinet, premieres
  • 1954 USS Forrestal christened in Newport News, Va
  • 1956 Anti-Russian demonstrations in Stettin & Wroclaw Poland
  • 1958 4th (last) Dutch government of Drees falls
  • 1958 Archibald MacLeish's "JB" premieres in NYC
  • 1958 Upper Volta (now Bourkina Faso) gains autonomy from France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1959 Emilio G. Segrè publishes his discovery of the antiproton, a sub-atomic antiparticle for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1959

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Emilio G. Segrè
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Emilio G. Segrè
  • 1960 Black Sunday - Riot in Algiers, 114 die
  • 1960 Cleveland's Bernie Parrish sets club record for longest interception return with a 92 yard run
  • 1961 "Please, Mr. Postman" by Marvelettes released
  • 1961 Adolf Eichmann is found guilty of war crimes in Israel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 JFK provides US miltary helicopters & crews to South Vietnam

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Che Guevara speaks at the United Nations General Assembly in New York City. An unknown terrorist fires a mortar shell at the building during the speech.

Argentine Revolutionary Che Guevara
Argentine Revolutionary
Che Guevara
  • 1967 6.5 earthquake in West India, 170 killed
  • 1967 People's Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) established
  • 1967 Supersonic airliner prototype "Concorde" 1st shown (France)
  • 1968 US Soccer Football Association refuses to let NASL disband
  • 1968 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill sacks Home Affairs Minister, William Craig
  • 1969 Libya adopts constitution
  • 1970 Start of the 1st Test match at the WACA, v England
  • 1971 The Libertarian Party of the United States is formed.
  • 1971 A bomb explodes outside a furniture showroom on the mainly-Protestant and loyalist Shankill Road, Belfast; four civilians (including two babies) were killed and nineteen wounded
  • 1972 Astronauts Cernan & Harrison become 11th & 12th people on the Moon
  • 1972 Jets' Don Maynard becomes all time pro reception leader (632)
  • 1973 Houston Astro Caesar Cedino jailed in death of 19 year old woman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1973 West German chancellor Willy Brandt normalizes trade with Czechoslovakia

Chancellor of West Germany Willy Brandt
Chancellor of West Germany
Willy Brandt
  • 1975 US 1st class postage rises from 10 cents to 13 cents
  • 1977 Mairead Corrigan and Betty Williams, leaders of the group 'Peace People' (an organisation dedicated to encouraging a peaceful resolution of 'the Troubles' in Northern Ireland) receive the Nobel Peace Prize
  • 1978 6 masked men bound 10 employees at Lufthansa cargo area at NYC Kennedy Airport & made off with $5.8 M in cash & jewelry
  • 1980 Dirk Wellham scores 100 on 1st-class debut, NSW v Victoria
  • 1980 The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (known as either CERCLA or Superfund) is enacted by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1981 Argentine president/gen Roberto Viola flees
  • 1981 Spacelab I arrives at Kennedy Space Center
  • 1981 UN Secrity Council choses Javier Pérez de Cuélla of Peru as the 5th Secretary-General of the United Nations
  • 1981 El Mozote massacre: Salvadoran armed forces kill an estimated 900 civilians in an anti-guerrilla campaign during the country's civil war.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 1st visit to Lutheran church by a pope (John Paul II in Rome)

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II

Birthdays in History

  • 1465 Ashikaga Yoshihisa, Japanese shogun (d. 1489)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1475 Leo X [Giovanni de' Medici], Italian Pope (1513-21), born in Florence, Italy (d. 1521)

Pope Leo X
Pope
Leo X
  • 1709 Louise Elisabeth of Orléans, queen consort of Spain (d. 1742)
  • 1712 Francesco Algarotti, Italian earl/encyclopedic (Viaggio in Russia)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1725 George Mason, American statesman (Bill of Rights), born in Fairfax County, Colony of Virginia (d. 1792)

American Statesman George Mason
American Statesman
George Mason
  • 1761 Gian Domenico Romagnosi, Italian physicist (d. 1835)
  • 1781 David Brewster, Scotland, physicist/inventor (kaleidoscope)
  • 1783 Max von Schenkendorf, German poet
  • 1797 Hiram Paulding, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), (d. 1878)
  • 1801 Christian Dietrich Grabbe, German dramatist, born in Detmold, Lippe (d. 1836)
  • 1810 Alfred de Musset, writer (Un Caprice, Bettine), born in Paris, France
  • 1835 Adolf Stoecker, German anti semite/PM
  • 1836 Jan Boissevain, Dutch politician/ship owner
  • 1838 Emil Rathenau, German industrialist (AEG)
  • 1840 Kemal Bey, Turkey, poet/author (Fatherland-1872)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1843 Robert Koch, German pioneering bacteriologist (TB, cholera, Nobel Prize 1905), born in Clausthal, Hanover (d. 1910)

Microbiologist Robert Koch
Microbiologist
Robert Koch
  • 1849 Ellen Key, Swedish theory/author/feminist (Courageous Woman)
  • 1856 Georgi V Plechanov, Russian revolutionary theorist
  • 1858 Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko, Russian theatre director (d. 1943)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1863 Annie Jump Cannon, American stellar spectroscopist (Harvard-classification), born in Dover, Delaware (d. 1941)

Astronomer Annie Jump Cannon
Astronomer
Annie Jump Cannon
  • 1873 Josip Plemelj, Slovenian mathematician (d. 1967)
  • 1882 Fiorello La Guardia, (Mayor-R- 1933-45), born in NYC, New York
  • 1882 Max Born, Germany, physicist (quantum mechanics, Nobel 1954)
  • 1882 Subramanya Bharathy, Indian poet (d. 1921)
  • 1889 Paul Kornfeld, Czech playwright, born in Prague (d. 1942)
  • 1889 Walter Knott, American farmer (d. 1981)
  • 1898 Nils J E Ferlin, Swedish poet (Barfotabarn)
  • 1899 Vera von der Heydt, psychoanalyst
  • 1904 Joe Coral [Joseph Kagarlitski], British bookmaker (Gala Coral Group), born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1996)
  • 1904 Marge, American cartoonist (d 1993)
  • 1905 Eugen Fink, German philosopher
  • 1905 Robert Henriques, English writer (d. 1967)
  • 1906 Birago Diop, Senegalees writer/ambassador (Leurres et Lueurs)
  • 1909 Ronald McKie, Australian author (d. 1991)
  • 1910 Robert Grieve, civil servant
  • 1911 Naguib Mahfouz, Egyptian novelist (Palace Walk, Sugar Street) and first Arabic writer to win a Nobel Prize (1988), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 2006)
  • 1911 Vincent Henry Kemp, poet
  • 1912 Carlo Ponti, Magenta, Lombardy, Italian producer (Marriage Italian Style, Doctor Zhivago)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1918 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian writer (Cancer Ward, Nobel 1970), born in Kislovodsk, Russia (d. 2008)

Writer and Nobel Laureate Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
Writer and Nobel Laureate
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
  • 1922 Grace Paley, writer (1970 Arts & Letters Award)
  • 1922 Peter Birch, choreographer (Jane Froman's USA Canteen), born in The Bronx, New York
  • 1925 Paul Greengard, American neuroscientist, Nobel laureate
  • 1927 John Buscema, American comics artist (d. 2002)
  • 1931 Bhagwan Shree Rajneesh, leader B-sect/guru of rich
  • 1933 Earnest P van Altena, author/interpreter (Chansons van Earnest)
  • 1933 Aquilino Pimentel, Jr., Filipino politician
  • 1935 Pranab Mukherjee, Indian politician
  • 1935 Ferdinand A. Porsche, German car designer (Porsche 911), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 2012)
  • 1936 Hans van den Broek, Dutch foreign minister (-1992)
  • 1936 Taku Yamasaki, Japanese politician
  • 1937 Adrian J Vlok, South African NP-minister of Law & Order (1986- )
  • 1937 Jim Harrison, American poet and novelist (Legends of the Fall), born in Grayling, Michigan (d. 2016)
  • 1939 Thomas McGuane, US, writer (Colf Feet, Tom Horn, Missouri Breaks)
  • 1939 Tom Hayden, American civil rights and antiwar activist and politician (Rep-D-Ca), born in Royal Oak, Michigan (d. 2016)
  • 1941 Max Baucus, (Sen-D-Mont)
  • 1942 Derek Parfit, British philosopher who specialized in problems of personal identity, rationality and ethics, born in Chengdu, China (d. 2017)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1943 John Kerry, US Secretary of State (2013-17) and 2004 presidential nominee of the Democratic Party, born in Aurora, Colorado

US Secretary of State John Kerry
US Secretary of State
John Kerry
  • 1950 Christine Onassis [Andreadis], American-born Greek heiress (Aristotle's daughter), born in NYC, New York
  • 1952 Susan Seidelman, director (Desperately Seeking Susan)
  • 1954 Guðlaugur Kristinn Óttarsson, Icelandic engineer
  • 1954 Santiago Creel, Mexican politician
  • 1956 Lani Brockman, playwright
  • 1959 Lisa Gastineau, American reality show star
  • 1961 Marco Pierre White, English chef and restaurateur
  • 1964 John Mark Karr, American who claimed involvement in JonBenét Ramsey case
  • 1969 Vishwanathan Anand, Indian chess grandmaster
  • 1972 Dana Macsim, Romanian television news reporter
  • 1981 Paul Medhurst, Australian rules footballer
  • 1988 Murugan Thiruchelvam, English chess prodigy

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1993 Canada's PM Stephen Harper (34) weds Laureen Teskey (30)

22nd Prime Minister of Canada Stephen Harper
22nd Prime Minister of Canada
Stephen Harper

Deaths in History

  • 711 Justitianus II, emperor of Byzantium, dies at about 42
  • 1121 Al-Afdal Shahanshah, Caliph of Egypt (b. 1066)
  • 1226 Robert de Ros, English politician (b. 1177)
  • 1282 Michael VIII, Paleologus, Byzantine emperor (1259-82), dies
  • 1524 Henry Van Zutphen, Dutch protestant martyr, burned at stake
  • 1532 Pietro Accolti, Italian Catholic cardinal (b. 1455)
  • 1573 Alardus/Eilard de Waterlant, duke of Alva, hanged
  • 1582 Fernando Alvarez de Toledo, marquis of Soria, dies at about 75
  • 1595 Philip III van Croij, prince of Chimay/general, dies at 69
  • 1610 Adam Elsheimer, German painter/cartoonist/etcher, buried at 32
  • 1610 Forges Dimitri 2, Tsar of Russia, murdered
  • 1686 Louis II Condé, duke of Bourbon, dies at 65
  • 1694 Ranuccio II Farnese, Duke of Parma (b. 1630)
  • 1718 Charles XII, King of Sweden (1697-1718), shot dead invading Norway at Fortress of Fredriksten
  • 1737 John Strype, English historian (b. 1643)
  • 1747 Edmund Curll, English bookseller (b. ca. 1675)
  • 1748 Ewald G von Kleist, German lawyer/inventor of condensator, dies at 55
  • 1756 Theodor A Freiherr von Neuhoff, German adventurer/king, dies
  • 1797 Richard Brocklesby, English physician (b. 1722)
  • 1817 Max von Schenkendorf, German poet, dies at 34
  • 1840 Emperor Kokaku of Japan (b. 1771)
  • 1847 Moritz Grave von Strachwitz, German poet, dies at 25
  • 1872 Kamehameha V, Hawaiian king (b. 1830)
  • 1880 Oliver Fisher Winchester, American businessman and politician (b. 1810)
  • 1891 Johan C J van Schagen, Dutch poet/writer (Narrenwijsheid), dies
  • 1892 William Milligan, Scottish theologian (b. 1821)
  • 1899 Andrew Wauchope, British Major-General, dies in Battle of Magersfontein in the Boer war, South Africa. Another British Major, The Marquess of Winchester also killed.
  • 1902 Matthias Hohner, German manufacturer (harmonica), dies at 68
  • 1909 Innokenty Annensky, Russian poet (b. 1855)
  • 1918 Ivan Cankar, Slavic author (Hlapec Jernej), dies at 42
  • 1928 Lewis Howard Latimer, American inventor (carbon filament lightbulb), dies at 80
  • 1930 Friedrich von Bernhardi, German war theorist/historian, dies at 81
  • 1933 Emile C Wauters, Belgian painter (Van der Goes Klooster), dies at 87
  • 1941 John Gillespie Magee, Jr., American poet and aviator (b. 1922)
  • 1941 Charles Émile Picard, French mathematician (b. 1856)
  • 1942 Franz C. Schmelkes, Czech-born Chemist who discovered azochloramid (chlorazodin), a disinfectant, dies of a heart attack at 43
  • 1945 Charles Fabry, French physicist (b. 1867)
  • 1950 Leslie Comrie, New Zealand astronomer (b. 1893)
  • 1955 Johan C Altorf, sculptor (October 3 Monument), dies at 79
  • 1968 Nadine Riga, dies of cerebral hemorrhage at 59
  • 1971 Maurice "Mac" McDonald, American fast-food pioneer (b. 1902)
  • 1972 Semjon I Kirsanov, Ukrainian poet (Zolushka), dies at 66
  • 1978 Vincent du Vigneaud, American chemist and Nobel laureate (b. 1901)
  • 1979 James J. Gibson, American perceptual psychologist (b. 1904)
  • 1983 Sir Neil Ritchie, British General (b. 1897)
  • 1984 Oskar Seidlin, German-born American scholar (b. 1911)
  • 1987 G. A. Kulkarni, Indian (Marathi) writer (b. 1923)
  • 1989 Louise Dahl-Wolfe, American photographer (b. 1895)
  • 1990 Fernand J Collin, Belgian economist/banker, dies at 92
  • 1991 Artur Lundkvist, Swedish writer/Prof (Swedish Academy), dies
  • 1991 Daniel Simon Scott, dies of Alzheimer's disease at 71
  • 1991 Robert Q Lewis, US comic/TV panel member (RQL Show), dies at 70
  • 1993 Ales Gartner, Slavic ski trainer of Norway, dies at 45
  • 1994 Stanislaw Maczek, Polish/British general-major (WW II), dies at 102
  • 1994 Yao Yilin, Vice PM of China (1979), dies
  • 1994 Philip Phillips, American archaeologist (b. 1900)
  • 1995 Robert Shelton (Shapiro), journalist, dies at 69
  • 1996 Herbert Sally Frankel, economist, dies at 93
  • 1996 Robert Bromston Thesiger Daniell, soldier, dies at 95
  • 1996 W G G Duncan-Smith, fighter pilot, dies at 82
  • 1997 Kenneth WIlliam Gatland, aerospace scientist, dies at 73
  • 1998 André Lichnerowicz, Polish-French physicist (b. 1915)
  • 2000 Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah, Pakistani politician, diplomat and author (b. 1915)
  • 2003 Ahmadou Kourouma, Ivorian writer (b. 1927)
  • 2006 Elizabeth Bolden, American, oldest verified person in the world at the time of her death (b. 1890)
  • 2007 Grace Paley, American writer (b. 1922)
  • 2013 Nadir Afonso, Portuguese artist, dies at 93
  • 2013 Barbara Branden, Canadian writer, dies from a lung infection at 84