On This Day in History for December 12

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 145

  • 627 Battle at Nineveh: Byzantine Emperor Heraclius beats Sassanid forces during Byzantine-Sassanid War
  • 1098 1st Crusaders capture & plunder Mara Syria
  • 1408 Order of the Dragon: The Order of the Dragon was first created on December 12, 1408 by Emperor Sigismund, then King of Hungary, and his wife Queen Barbara of Celje following the battle for possession of Bosnia.
  • 1474 Isabella crowns herself queen of Castile & Aragon
  • 1479 Jews are expelled from Schlettstadt Alsace by Emperor Frederick III
  • 1524 Pope Clement VII approves Organization of Jewish Community of Rome
  • 1653 English "Barebones" Parliament ends
  • 1677 Brandenburgs army occupies Stettin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1694 The Royal Society censures Edmond Halley for suggesting in a paper titled 'Some considerations about the cause of the universal deluge' that the story of Noah's flood could be an account of a cometary impact

Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist Edmond Halley
Astronomer, Mathematician and Physicist
Edmond Halley
  • 1700 Utrecht/Overijssel/Buren/Leerdam/Ijsselstein adopt Gregorian calendar
  • 1715 Russian/Prussian troops occupy Stralsund [NS=12/23]
  • 1769 Pope Clement XIV proclaims a universal jubilee

AgreementConstitution of the United States

1787 Pennsylvania becomes 2nd state to ratify US constitution

  • 1791 Bank of North America opens at Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia
  • 1800 Washington, D.C., established as the capital of the United States of America
  • 1812 French invasion of Russia comes to an end.
  • 1822 Mexico officially recognized as an independent nation by US
  • 1858 1st Canadian coins circulated (1 cent, 5 cent, 10 cent & 20 cent)
  • 1862 Battle of Dumfries, Virginia
  • 1862 Naval Engagement at Yazoo River, MS (USS CAIRO torpedoed)
  • 1870 Joseph Rainey (South Carolina) becomes 1st African American to serve in US House of Representatives
  • 1871 Jules Janssen discovers dark lines in solar corona spectrum
  • 1878 Joseph Pulitzer begins publishing "St Louis Dispatch"
  • 1884 1st Test match played at the Adelaide Oval
  • 1897 Anti-Jewish violence breaks out in Bucharest, Romania
  • 1897 Belo Horizonte, the first planned city of Brazil, is founded.
  • 1898 1st 1st-class game between NSW & Tasmania
  • 1899 1st case of plague on Oahu, Hawaii
  • 1900 National Negro Anthem, "Lift Every Voice & Sing", composed

CommunicationHistoric Communication

1901 Guglielmo Marconi sends the first transatlantic radio signal, from Poldhu in Cornwall to Newfoundland, Canada

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • 1903 Roger Casement completes report about abuses in Belgian Congo
  • 1904 CMS McClellan's "Leah Kleschna" premieres in NYC
  • 1906 Oscar Straus, 1st Jewish US government member, appointed Secretary of Commerce
  • 1911 Delhi replaces Calcutta as the capital of India.
  • 1913 Hebrew language officially used to teach in Palestinian schools
  • 1914 The largest one-day percentage drop in the history of Dow Jones Industrial Average, down 24.39%.
  • 1915 1st all-metal aircraft (Junkers J-1) test flown at Dessau, Germany
  • 1915 Aristide Briand forms French war government
  • 1915 Russian troops overrun Hamadan, Persia
  • 1917 French troop train derails in French Alps killing 543
  • 1917 Rev Edward Flanagan forms Boys Town outside Omaha, Nebraska
  • 1920 Maurice Ravels ballet "La Valse" premieres in Paris
  • 1924 Spanish troops leave Morocco
  • 1925 Arthur Heinman coins term "motel"; opens Motel Inn, San Luis Obispo
  • 1925 Last Qajar Shah of Iran deposed; Rezā Shāh Pahlavi takes over

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1925 Medina surrenders to Saudi forces led by Sultan Abdulaziz Ibn Saud

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • 1926 Leningrad: premier of Dmitri Shostakovich's 1st Piano concert
  • 1928 Nichols/Browne's "Wings over Europe" premieres in NYC
  • 1930 Start of the 1st Australia v West Indies Test (at Adelaide)
  • 1931 Japanese government of Imukai forms
  • 1932 S N Behrman's "Biography" premieres in NYC
  • 1932 USSR & China resume diplomatic relations

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Chinese leader Chiang Kai-shek declares war on Japan

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1937 Japanese aircraft shell & sink US gunboat Panay on Yangtze River in China. (Japan apologized & eventually paid US $2.2M in reparations)
  • 1939 Russ Indigirka capsizes in blizzard off Japanese coast; 750 die
  • 1940 British troops conquer Sidi el-Barrani
  • 1941 European reservists on Java mobilize
  • 1941 German occupying army do a house search in Paris looking for Jews
  • 1941 Soviet 20th army recaptures Soljetsjnogorsk
  • 1942 German offensive in South Western Stalingrad
  • 1942 A fire in a hostel in St. John's, Newfoundland, kills 100 people.
  • 1945 Special Court of justice convicts Dutch Nazi leader Mussert to death
  • 1946 Ice plant collapses, shearing a tenement building & burying 38
  • 1946 'Tide' detergent introduced

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 UN accepts 6 Manhattan blocks as a gift from John D. Rockefeller Jr

Financier and Philanthropist John D. Rockefeller Jr
Financier and Philanthropist
John D. Rockefeller Jr
  • 1947 United Mine Workers union withdrew from AFL
  • 1948 Malayan Emergency: Batang Kali Massacre - 14 members of the Scots Guards stationed in Malaysia allegedly massacre 24 unarmed civilians and set fire to the village.
  • 1949 AL votes 7-1 rejecting legalizing the spitball
  • 1950 Baseball owners vote to drop 4-year old bonus & high school rule
  • 1952 Dallas Texans (former Boston Yanks) play last game, last original team
  • 1953 Chuck Yeager reaches Mach 2.43 in Bell X-1A rocket plane
  • 1955 1st prototype of hovercraft patented by British engineer Christoper Cockerell
  • 1956 Commencement of the Irish Republican Army's Border Campaign.
  • 1957 Maj Adrian Drew flies 1,943 kph in F-101 Voodoo
  • 1957 US announces manufacture of Borazon (harder than diamond)
  • 1957 Willem J Kolff and his team at Ohio's Cleveland Clinic removed the heart from a dog and replaced it with a pneumatic pump which kept the dog alive for 90 minutes, proving the viability of the artificial heart
  • 1958 Dutch social democratic party-ministers/premier Drees dismissed
  • 1958 Fergie Gupte takes 9-102 with leggies v W Indies at Kanpur
  • 1959 UN Committee on Peaceful Use of Outer Space is established
  • 1961 Amateur radio satellite Oscar 1 launched with military Discoverer 36

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Martin Luther King Jr. & 700 demonstraters arrested in Albany Ga

Civil Rights Activist Martin Luther King Jr.
Civil Rights Activist
Martin Luther King Jr.
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Argentina asks for extradition of ex-president Juan Perón

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • 1963 Frank Sinatra Jr returned after being kidnapped
  • 1963 Kenya (formerly British East Africa) declares independence from UK
  • 1965 Doug Walters makes maiden Test ton in 1st Test, goes on to 155
  • 1965 Vivian Beaumont Theater opens at 65th St & Amsterdam Ave NYC
  • 1967 US launches Pioneer 8 into solar orbit
  • 1968 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1968 Northern Ireland Prime Minister Terence O'Neill receives overwhelming support from Unionist Members of Parliament (MPs) at Stormont
  • 1969 Bill Toomey achieves world record-score (8417 points)
  • 1969 Bomb attack on bank in Milan, 14 killed
  • 1969 Strategia della tensione: Piazza Fontana bombing - The offices of Banca Nazionale dell'Agricoltura in Piazza Fontana, Milan, are bombed.
  • 1970 Polish government proclaims price rise
  • 1970 Small Astronomy Satellite Explorer 42 launched to study X-rays
  • 1970 USSR performs underground nuclear test
  • 1975 Gas stove explodes & starts fire killing 138 (Mecca Saudi Arabia)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 Sara Jane Moore pled guilty to trying to kill US President Gerald Ford

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1976 QB Joe Namath last game as a NY Jet
  • 1979 Gold hits record $462.50 an ounce

Birthdays in History

  • 1298 Albert II of Austria (d. 1358)
  • 1418 Albert VI of Austria (d. 1463)
  • 1574 Anne of Denmark, daughter of Danish King Frederik II and Queen Consort of James I of England (d. 1619)
  • 1610 Basil of Ostrog [Saint Vasilije] Serbian Orthodox bishop, born in Mrkonjići (d. 1671)
  • 1659 Francesco Galli-Bibiena, Italian architect/designer (d. 1739)
  • 1660 Peter Rabus, poet/translator (Liberated Britanje)
  • 1673 Ahmed III, 23rd sultan (Turkey, 1703-30)
  • 1712 Charles Alexander, Duke of Lotharingen

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1724 Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood, British admiral in the American Revolutionary War and the French Revolutionary Wars, born in Butleigh, England (d. 1816)

British Admiral Samuel Hood
British Admiral
Samuel Hood
  • 1731 Erasmus Darwin, Newark-on-Trent, U.K., influential English physician, poet, philosopher, and botanist (and grandfather of Charles Darwin)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1745 John Jay, American statesman, 1st US Chief Justice, born in New York City

Ist US Chief Justice John Jay
Ist US Chief Justice
John Jay
  • 1779 Madeleine Sophie Barat, French saint (d. 1865)
  • 1783 Ner Alexander Middleswarth, American politician (d. 1865)
  • 1786 William L. Marcy, American statesman (d. 1857)
  • 1791 Archduchess Marie Louise of Austria, second wife of Napoleon (d. 1847)
  • 1792 Alexandros Ypsilanti, Greek resistance fighter
  • 1799 Karl Briullov, Russian painter (d. 1852)
  • 1801 Johann (John), King of Saxony (1854-73) (translated Divina Commedia)
  • 1805 Henry Wells, founder (American Express Co & Wells Fargo & Co)
  • 1806 Stand Watie, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1871)
  • 1818 Paul Octave Hebert, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1880)
  • 1821 Gustave Flaubert, France, novelist (Madame Bovary)
  • 1830 Joseph Orville Shelby, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1897)
  • 1832 Abraham C Wertheim, Dutch banker/MP (liberal)
  • 1833 Matthias Hohner, German manufacturer (harmonica)
  • 1838 Sherburne W Burnham, US, astronomer (binary stars)
  • 1845 Bruce Price, American architect (d. 1903)
  • 1859 Maurice Donnay, French playwright (Lovers)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1863 Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter and print maker (The Scream), born in Ådalsbruk, Løten, Norway (d. 1944)

Painter and Print Maker Edvard Munch
Painter and Print Maker
Edvard Munch
  • 1864 Paul Elmer More, American essayist (d. 1937)
  • 1866 Alfred Werner, Swiss chemist (Nobel 1913)
  • 1870 Walter Benona Sharp, American oil baron (d. 1912)
  • 1874 Volter A Kilpi, Finnish writer (Alastalon salissa)
  • 1875 Desiderius A Stracke, Flemish jesuit/literature historian
  • 1875 Karl R G von Rundstedt, German gen-fieldmarshal (Normandy)
  • 1879 Friedrich Christiansen, nazi commander Wehrmacht Netherland
  • 1882 Akiba Rubinstein, Polish chess player (openings theory)
  • 1892 Herman Potočnik aka Hermann Noordung, Slovenian rocket engineer (d. 1929)
  • 1896 Eslanda Goode, US anthropology/author under Paul Robeson
  • 1902 Koloman Sokol, Slovak painter (d. 2003)
  • 1903 Enid Balint-Edmonds, psychoanalyst
  • 1905 Manès Sperber, Austrian-born writer (d. 1984)
  • 1906 William C Pahlmann, interior decorator (4 Season restaurant, NYC)
  • 1907 F van Heek, Dutch sociologist
  • 1909 Armand H F Boni, the Good One, Flemish poet/writer
  • 1912 Yusef Bedri, educationist
  • 1917 Edward Firth Henderson, arabist
  • 1918 Nilda Pinto, [NM Geerdink-Jesurun P], Curacao writer (Nanzi)
  • 1919 Olivia Barclay, English astrologer (d. 2001)
  • 1919 Dan DeCarlo, American cartoonist (d. 2001)
  • 1920 Fred Kida, American comics artist, (d. 2014)
  • 1922 Arthur R Hawkins, US pilot/capt (WW II, downed 14 jap planes)
  • 1923 Bob Barker, American TV game show host (The Price is Right, Truth or Consequences), born in Darrington, Washington
  • 1924 Ed Koch, lawyer and politician (NY Mayor (D) 1977-89), Judge (People's Court), born in NYC, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1925 Cora Lee Johnson, social activist for rural poor
  • 1925 Ahmad Shamlou, Iranian poet (d. 2000)
  • 1927 Robert Noyce, American inventor (d. 1990)
  • 1928 Helen Frankenthaler, NY, abstract expressionist artist (Arden)
  • 1928 Chinghiz Aitmatov, Soviet-born Kyrgyz writer (Jamila)
  • 1929 John Osborne, English playwright (Entertainer, Look Back in Anger, Luther), born in London (d. 1994)
  • 1930 Bill Beutel, American journalist (d. 2006)
  • 1931 Ali-Akbar Sa'idi Sirjani, Iranian writer and journalist, born in Sirjan, Kerman (d. 1994)
  • 1931 Lionel Blair, choreographer (Spotlight), born in Montreal, Quebec
  • 1934 Miguel de la Madrid, Colima Mexico, President of Mexico (1982-1988), (d. 2012)
  • 1937 Buford Pusser, American sheriff (d. 1974)
  • 1940 Sharad Pawar, Indian politician
  • 1944 Jean Doré, Canadian politician, mayor of Montreal
  • 1945 Karl Edward Wagner, US, sci-fi author (Bloodstone, Night Winds)
  • 1946 George Santo Pietro, husband of Vanna White
  • 1951 Steven Alan Hawley, Ottawa Ks, PhD/ast (STS 41-D, 61-C, 31, 82)
  • 1952 Herb Dhaliwal, Canadian politician
  • 1954 Liz Claman, American television anchor
  • 1955 Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki, Greek businesswoman
  • 1957 Robert Lepage, French Canadian playwright
  • 1959 Scott D Vangen, Granite Falls MN, astronaut
  • 1963 Juan Carlos Varela, President of Panama (2014-), born in Panama City
  • 1966 Royce Gracie, Brazilian martial artist
  • 1968 Rory Kennedy, American documentarian
  • 1969 Kris Wirtz, Red Deer Alberta, ice pairs (1994 Skate Canada)
  • 1972 Kara Williams, Miss Texas USA (1996)
  • 1972 Brandon Teena, American hate crime victim (d. 1993)
  • 1973 William Hutton, American engineer
  • 1981 Jeret Peterson, American aerial skier

Weddings in History

  • 2014 E! news anchor Jason Kennedy (33) weds fashion journalist and blogger Lauren Scruggs (26) at the Four Seasons Resort in Dallas, Texas

Deaths in History

  • 884 Carloman, co-king of France (879, 882-884), dies
  • 1112 Tancred, monarch of Galilea/Edessa/Antioch, dies
  • 1204 Maimonides, [Moses Ben Maimon], Span/Egyptian rabbi, dies at 69
  • 1212 Geoffrey, Archbishop of York
  • 1263 Hakon IV, Gamli, King of Norway (1217-63), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1574 Selim II, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1566-74, dies of head injury after a fall at 50

Ottoman Sultan Selim II
Ottoman Sultan
Selim II
  • 1586 Stefan Batory, King of Poland (b. 1533)
  • 1600 John Craig, Scottish church reformer/James VI's court vicar, dies
  • 1677 Jacob Binckes/Benckes, Dutch admiral (Chatham), dies in battle
  • 1685 John Pell, English mathematician (b. 1610)
  • 1751 Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, English statesman and philosopher (b. 1678)
  • 1754 Wu Jingzi, Chinese writer (b. 1701)
  • 1766 Johann Christoph Gottsched, German writer (b. 1700)
  • 1777 Albrecht von Haller, Swiss physician/biologist/author, dies at 69
  • 1777 Reverend Benjamin Russen, executed at Tyburn England for rape
  • 1789 John Ponsonby, Irish politician (b. 1713)
  • 1790 Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian philosopher and writer (b. 1733)
  • 1817 Emperor Tekle Giyorgis I of Ethiopia, (b. about 1751)
  • 1843 Willem I Frederik, King of Netherlands (1814-40), dies at 71
  • 1858 Jacques Viger, antiquarian and archeologist, first mayor of Montreal (b. 1787)
  • 1872 Willem A Schimmelpenninck van der Oye, Dutch politician, dies at 72
  • 1877 Jose M de Alencar, Brazilian writer/minister of Justice, dies at 48
  • 1880 Michel Chasles, French mathematician (geometry), dies at 83
  • 1882 Robert Morris, 1st successful African American lawyer and abolitionist, dies at 59

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1889 Robert Browning, English poet (Ring & Book), dies at 77

  • 1889 Viktor Bunyakovsky, Russian mathematician (b. 1804)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1894 Sir John Thompson, fourth Prime Minister of Canada, dies of a sudden heart attack at 49

4th Prime Minister of Canada John Thompson
4th Prime Minister of Canada
John Thompson
  • 1912 Luitpold von Bayern, prince-regent of Bayern, dies at 91
  • 1913 Emperor Menelek II of Ethiopia (b. 1844)
  • 1914 Watkins Lewis Africa American lynched in Shrevport, Louisiana
  • 1920 Olive Schreiner, South Afr writer (Healing Imagination), dies at 75
  • 1921 Henrietta Leavitt, cepheid period-luminosity relation discover, dies
  • 1923 Raymond Radiguet, French journalist/writer (Ball du Comte), dies at 20
  • 1926 Jean Richepin, French poet/writer (Contes sans morale), dies at 77
  • 1929 Charles Goodnight, American cattle baron (b. 1836)
  • 1932 Egon Richter, writer, dies
  • 1934 Thorleif Haug, Norwegian Nordic skier (b. 1894)
  • 1941 Cesar Basa, Philippine Air Force and World War II hero (b. 1915)
  • 1952 Bedřich Hrozný, Czech orientalist and linguist (b. 1879)
  • 1961 Daiun Sogaku Harada, Zen founder of Sanbo Kyodan lineage, dies at 91
  • 1970 Louis Zimmer, Flem clock maker (Jubelklok, Wonder Clock), dies at 82
  • 1970 Doris Blackburn, Australian politician (b. 1889)
  • 1971 David Sarnoff, US TV pioneer (RCA), dies at 80
  • 1971 Jack Barnhill, Northern Ireland senator, assassinated
  • 1971 John A Emmens, art historian/poet (Dog of Pavlov), dies at 47
  • 1977 Baroness Clementine Spencer-Churchill (nee Hozier), widow of Sir Winston, dies at 92
  • 1980 Jean Lesage, politician, premier of Quebec (b. 1912)
  • 1988 John Canning, NY Post managing editor, dies at 56
  • 1988 Anthony "Tony Pro" Provenzano, American Mafia figure (b. 1917)
  • 1992 Bernard CJ Lievegoed, Dutch anthroposopher (Free College), dies at 87
  • 1992 Suzanne Lilar, Belgian essayist, novelist and playwright (b. 1901)
  • 1993 Gerard "Ge" Nabrink, Dutch anarchist/NVSH-founder, dies at 90
  • 1993 Jozsef Antall, historian/premier of Hungary (1990-93), dies at 61
  • 1994 Antoine Pinay, French PM (1952)/foreign minister, dies at 102
  • 1994 Donna J. Stone, American poet, dies of heart failure at 61
  • 1994 Herman H Felderhof, radio-announcer/head (NRU/NOS Radio), dies at 83
  • 1994 John Edward Caulwell Hearne, writer, dies at 68
  • 1994 Stuart Allen Roosa, astronaut (Apollo 14), dies of pancreatitis at 46
  • 1995 David Lincoln Lightbown, politician, dies at 63
  • 1995 David Saul Marshall, diplomat lawyer/politician, dies at 97
  • 1995 James Altgens, JFK assassination photographer, dies at 76
  • 1995 Lindsay Oliver John Boynton, furniture historian, dies
  • 1995 Mohyedin Alempour, tajik artist/journalist, dies at 50
  • 1996 Gerald Ian Lacey, architect/town planner, dies at 70
  • 1996 Jack Perry, businessman, dies at 81
  • 1996 Jean-Pierre Guerlain, cosmetics pioneer, dies at 91
  • 1996 Michael Geoffrey Corcos, medical researcher, dies at 77
  • 1996 Vance Oakley Packard, writer (Hidden Perseuders), dies at 82
  • 1997 Yevgeniy Landis, Russian mathematician (b. 1921)
  • 1998 Marco Denevi, Argentine writer (b. 1922)
  • 1998 Mo Udall, American politician (b. 1922)
  • 1998 Lawton Chiles, U.S. Senator from Florida and Governor of Florida (b. 1930)
  • 1999 Paul Cadmus, American artist (b. 1904)
  • 1999 Joseph Heller, American author (Catch-22), dies at 76
  • 2002 Dee Brown, American author (b. 1908)
  • 2002 Jay Wesley Neill, American convicted murderer (b. 1965)
  • 2003 Heydər Əliyev, President of Azerbaijan (b. 1923)
  • 2003 Joseph Anthony Ferrario, American Catholic prelate (b. 1926)
  • 2003 Keiko, orca (killer whale), star of Free Willy (b. 1976)
  • 2005 Gebran Tueni, Lebanese politician (b. 1957)
  • 2006 Raymond P. Shafer, 38th Governor of Pennsylvania (b. 1917)
  • 2006 Al Shugart, pioneering American computer engineer and co-founder of Seagate Technology (b. 1930)
  • 2008 Avery Dulles, Roman Catholic Cardinal, heologian (b. 1918)
  • 2008 Tassos Papadopoulos, Cypriot former president (b. 1934)