On This Day in History for December 13

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 130

  • 1294 Saint Celestine V abdicates the papacy after only five months; Celestine hoped to return to his previous life as an ascetic hermit.
  • 1545 Council of Trent (19th ecumenical council) opened by Pope Paul III
  • 1570 Sweden and Denmark signs Peace of Stettin
  • 1572 Spanish army beats Geuzen fleet (confederacy of Calvinist Dutch nobles) under admiral Lumey

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1577 Sir Francis Drake sets sail from England on a circumnavigationof the world

Vice Admiral and Navigator Francis Drake
Vice Admiral and Navigator
Francis Drake
  • 1621 Emperor Ferdinand II delegates 1st anti-Reformation decree
  • 1636 The Massachusetts Bay Colony organizes three militia regiments to defend the colony against the Pequot Indians. This organization is recognized today as the founding of the United States National Guard.
  • 1642 Dutch explorer Abel Tasman sights the South Island of present day New Zealand; initially he calls it Staten Landt and changes it a year later to Nieuw Zeeland
  • 1643 English Civil War: The Battle of Alton takes place in Hampshire.
  • 1668 Jean Racine's "Britannicus" premieres in Paris
  • 1734 Britain & Russia sign trade agreement
  • 1742 Willem KH Friso tests his mothers potatoes
  • 1769 Dartmouth College in New Hampshire received its charter
  • 1774 First incident of American Revolution - 400 attack Ft William and Mary, New Hampshire
  • 1816 Patent for a dry dock issued to John Adamson, Boston
  • 1823 Gioacchino Rossini arrives in London

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1833 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin arrives in Port Deseado, Patagonia

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1861 Battle of Alleghany Summit, WV
  • 1862 Battle of Fredericksburg, VA (Marye's Heights)
  • 1864 Battle of Ft McAllister, GA
  • 1879 First federal fish hatching steamer launched (Wilmington, Delaware)
  • 1889 Belgium rules on women/child labor law
  • 1900 Battle of Nooitgedacht: Boer generals De La Reyand Smuts defeat a British brigade under the command of Major General R. Clements
  • 1901 Test debut of S F Barnes v Aust SCG, took 5-65 in 1st innings

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 British and German ships bombard Venezuelan forts after President Castro refuses to comply with ultimatum demanding damages caused during his takeover of the government in 1899; Castro asks US President Theodore Roosevelt to arbitrate

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1903 Italo Marcioni patents ice cream cone mound (NJ)
  • 1906 German chancellor Bernhard von Bulow disbands the Parliament
  • 1907 George Gunn scores 119 on Test debut v Australia SCG

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1907 German Emperor Wilhelm II visits Amsterdam

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • 1913 British foreign minister Sir Edward Grey proposes that southern Albania be divided between Greece and Albania with compensation to Greece in the Aegean islands
  • 1916 Avalanche kills 10,000 Austrian & Italian troops in 24 hrs in Tyrol
  • 1916 Esme Stuart Lennox Robinsons premieres in Dublin
  • 1916 French chief of staff Joffre replaced by Nivelle
  • 1918 US army of occupation crosses Rhine, enters Germany
  • 1919 Ross & Smith land in Australia from a flight from London
  • 1920 Francis G. Pease's interferometer at Mount Wilson Observatory is the first to measure the diameter of a star - the Betelgeuse
  • 1920 League of nations establishes International Court of Justice in The Hague
  • 1920 Netherland breaks contact with Kingdom of Serbia, Croatia & Slavia
  • 1922 Charles Ebbets proposes putting numbers on players' sleeves or caps
  • 1924 KOA-AM in Denver CO begins radio transmissions
  • 1928 Clip-on tie designed
  • 1928 George Gershwin's "An American In Paris" premieres (NYC)
  • 1930 French government of André Tardieu falls for the second time
  • 1930 Theodore Steeg forms French government
  • 1934 Mark Hellinger Theater (Warner Bros) opens at 237 W 51st St NYC
  • 1938 Los Angeles freezes at 28°F
  • 1939 Battle of the River Plate - 3 British cruisers vs German pocket battleship Graf Spee
  • 1941 German occupiers forbid National Front & Netherland Union
  • 1941 Lawine battlers destroy Haaraz, Peru; about 3,000 die
  • 1941 U-81 torpedoes British aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal
  • 1942 Seyss-Inquart allows Dutch Nazi Anton Mussert to call himself Leader
  • 1943 150 US Marauders bomb Schiphol
  • 1944 Japanese kamikaze crashes into US cruiser Nashville, kills 138
  • 1944 Norman Krasna's "Dear Ruth" premieres in NYC
  • 1946 Leon Blum elected French premier
  • 1947 Maine Turnpike opens to traffic
  • 1949 AL votes down proposal to revive spitball
  • 1949 Knesset votes to transfer Israel's capital to Jerusalem
  • 1959 Archbishop Makarios elected 1st president of Cyprus
  • 1960 Laos General Fumi Nosavang occupies Vientiane
  • 1961 Gideon Hausner in Jerusalem demands death penalty for Adolf Eichmann
  • 1962 Relay 1 communication satellite launched

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 In El Paso, Tx, LBJ & Mexican Pres Gustavo Diaz Ordaz set off an explosion diverting Rio Grande, to reshape US-Mexico border

36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson
36th US President
Lyndon B. Johnson
  • 1965 Algerian president Boumedienne visits Moscow
  • 1966 1st US bombing of Hanoi part of Operation Rolling Thunder during the Vietnam War
  • 1966 1st battle for Bijlmer flats Amsterdam
  • 1966 Test debut of Clive Lloyd, v India Bombay, 82 & 78
  • 1966 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1967 United Soccer Association & National Pro Soccer League merge into NASL
  • 1967 Unsuccessful coup against Greek King Constantine II
  • 1967 San Diego, CA records snow at a zero elevation after temperatures plunge 19 degrees (F) in eight hours.
  • 1968 Brazilian President Da Costa e Silva issues Ato Institucional Número Cinco degree
  • 1969 Arlo Guthrie releases "Alice's Restaurant"
  • 1969 Billy Martin fired as Twins' manager
  • 1970 Greg Chappell scores 108 on Test debut v England at the WACA

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 Neil Simon's "Gingerbread Lady" premieres in NYC

Playwright and screenwriter Neil Simon
Playwright and screenwriter
Neil Simon
  • 1971 John Sinclair (sentence: 10 yrs, sold 2 marijuana joints) is freed
  • 1973 MPLA/FNLA accord about combat against Portuguese Libya
  • 1973 World Football League grants 1st franchise (Detroit)
  • 1974 Jim "Catfish" Hunter wins free agent claim against A's owner Finley
  • 1974 Malta becomes a republic

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1975 Australian Federal Election - Liberals with coalition under Malcolm Fraser win largest ever parliamentary majority

Prime Minister of Australia Malcolm Fraser
Prime Minister of Australia
Malcolm Fraser
  • 1975 Roy Fredericks hits 169 v Aust at WACA, hundred in 71 balls
  • 1975 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1976 Golden Gate Bridge District starts ferry service to Larkspur
  • 1976 Longest non-stop passenger airflight (Sydney to SF 13h14m)
  • 1979 Strikes against price increases in Gdansk Poland
  • 1979 Saudi Arabia raises marker crude price to $24 per barrel
  • 1981 Polish government declares martial law, arrests Solidarity activists
  • 1982 Earthquake hits Northern Yemen; 2,000 die
  • 1983 Islander's Butch Goring scorings 4 goals against Oilers
  • 1983 KYA-AM in San Francisco CA changes call letters to KOIT
  • 1983 Martha Layne Collins inaugurated as Kentucky's 1st female governor
  • 1984 Artificial heart recipient William Schroeder suffers 1st stroke
  • 1985 David Boon's 1st Test century, 123 v India at Adelaide
  • 1985 Test debut of Merv Hughes, Geoff Marsh & Bruce Reid (v India)
  • 1987 Belgium Christian Democrats (CVP) loses parliamentary election
  • 1987 Browns set club record for most points scored in a quarter, 28
  • 1987 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1988 3 men end 29-hr all-466-station subway ride in NYC

Birthdays in History

  • 1521 Sixtus V, [Felice Peretti/"Montalto"], bishop of Fermo/Pope (1585-90)
  • 1533 Erik XIV, King of Sweden (1560-69), born in Stockholm (d. 1577)
  • 1553 Henry IV, 1st Bourbon King of Navarra (1572-1610 and France (1589-1610), born in Pau, Navarre (d. 1610)
  • 1585 William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (d. 1649)
  • 1640 Robert Plot, English naturalist (d. 1696)
  • 1662 Francesco Bianchini, Italian philosopher and scientist (d. 1729)
  • 1678 Yongzheng Emperor of China (d. 1735)
  • 1720 Carlo Gozzi, Italian dramatist (d. 1804)
  • 1724 Aepinus, [Franz UT Hoch], German physician/physicist
  • 1784 Archduke Louis of Austria (d. 1864)
  • 1804 Joseph Howe, Canadian politician (d. 1873)
  • 1810 Clark Mills, US, sculptor (Freedom, Armed Liberty)
  • 1816 Clement Claiborne Clay, MC (Confederacy), (d. 1882)
  • 1816 E Werner von Siemens, German artillery officer/inventor

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1818 Mary Todd Lincoln, American wife of Abraham Lincoln and US First Lady (1861-65), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1882)

First Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln
First Lady of the United States
Mary Todd Lincoln
  • 1836 Franz von Lenbach, German painter (d. 1904)
  • 1856 Svetozar Boroević, Austro-Hungarian field marshal (d. 1920)
  • 1863 Johannes Weiss, German New Testament scholar
  • 1864 Emil Seidel, Mayor of Milwaukee (d. 1947)
  • 1867 Kristian Birkeland, Norwegian explorer and scientist (d. 1917)
  • 1871 Herman T Colenbrander, Dutch historian
  • 1871 Russell W Porter, Vermont, explorer (Alaska)
  • 1871 Emily Carr, Canadian artist (d. 1945)
  • 1874 Ludwig Curtius, German archaeologist (Die antike Kunst)
  • 1883 Belle da Costa Greene, American librarian, bibliographer and archivist (d. 1950)
  • 1886 Lambertus J van Apeldoorn, lawyer (martial law)
  • 1887 Alvin York, American World War I soldier who led a famed attack on a German machine gun nest (Medal of Honor), born in Pall Mall, Tennessee (d. 1964)
  • 1887 George Polya, Hungarian-born mathematician (d. 1985)
  • 1890 Marc Connelly, McKeesport Pa, playwright (One Minute Please)
  • 1892 Brand Dirck Ochse, filmer/co-founder (Polygoon)
  • 1899 Harold Guinzburg, publisher (founder of Literary Guild)
  • 1901 John Wijga, painter/illustrator
  • 1902 Talcott Parsons, US sociologist
  • 1903 Jewgeni Petrow, writer
  • 1903 John Piper, British writer (US Churches in WW I)/official war painter
  • 1906 Laurens jan van der Post, soldier/explorer/conservationist
  • 1910 Charles Alfred Coulson, British Chemist (theoretical), born in Dudley, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1911 Kenneth Patchen, American poet and novelist (Cloth of the Tempest), born in Niles, Ohio (d. 1972)

Poet/Novelist Kenneth Patchen
Poet/Novelist
Kenneth Patchen
  • 1911 Trygve Haavelmo, Norwegian economist and 1989 Nobel laureate for his contributions to econometrics, born in Skedsmo, Norway (d. 1999)
  • 1913 John Wyndham Pope-Hennessy, English art historian
  • 1914 Alan L Bullock, British historian
  • 1915 Balthazar Johannes Vorster, Prime Minister of South Africa (1966-77)
  • 1915 Ross MacDonald, detective novelist (Goodbye Look)
  • 1915 Yitzhak Zuckerman [Itzhak Zuckerman], Vilnius, Lithuania, Jewish resistance hero in World War II and one of the few survivors of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising
  • 1919 Hans-Joachim Marseille, German flying ace of World War II (d. 1942)
  • 1920 George P. Schultz, economist and US Secretary of State (1982-89), born in New York City
  • 1920 Kaysone Phomvihane, President of Laos (Pathet Lao) (1991-92), born in Na Seng village, Khanthabouli district (d. 1992)
  • 1923 Fred van der Spek, Dutch 2nd chamber member (PSP)
  • 1923 Antoni Tapies, Barcelona, Spain, painter, sculptor, and theorist (Dau al Set), (d. 2012)
  • 1925 Henry Charles Gordon, engineer and astronaut (Dynasoar), born in Valparaiso, Indiana
  • 1928 W Gordon Smith, Scottish playwright, born in Edinburgh (d. 1996)
  • 1928 Jack Tramiel, Lodz Poland, American Businessman (Amiga, Commodore 64), (d. 2012)
  • 1935 Bonno Spieker, Dutch 2nd Chamber member (PvdA)
  • 1935 Thomas Wakefield, writer
  • 1936 Karim Aga Khan, leader of the Nizari Ismailis, prince and billionaire
  • 1939 Clive Brain, educationalist
  • 1942 Anna Eshoo, American politician
  • 1943 Arturo Ripstein, director (El Lugar Sin Limites, Foxtrot)
  • 1948 Brian Wilson, Scottish politician
  • 1949 Nana Alexandria, USSR, International Woman's Chess Grandmaster (1976)
  • 1949 R[oberta] A[nn] MacAvoy, US, sci-fi author (Damiano's Lute, Raphael)
  • 1953 Tom Sanders, Jackson Wyoming, aerial cameraman (Living Daylights)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1953 Ben Bernanke, American economist and Chairman of the Federal Reserve (2006-14), born in Augusta, Georgia

Economist and Chairman of the Federal Reserve Ben Bernanke
Economist and Chairman of the Federal Reserve
Ben Bernanke
  • 1954 Tamora Pierce, American author
  • 1957 Jean-Marie Messier, French businessman
  • 1965 Stacy Sunny, female infielder (Colo Silver Bullets), born in San Bernardino, California
  • 1965 Marko Mäetamm, Estonian artist
  • 1966 Ross Burden, New Zealand celebrity chef
  • 1971 Miguel Angel Martinez Soto, mariachi
  • 1974 Sara Cox, English TV and radio presenter
  • 1978 BJ Penn, American mixed martial artist
  • 2005 Prince Aymeric of Belgium
  • 2005 Prince Nicolas of Belgium

Weddings in History

  • 862 Boudouin Iron Arm & Count of Flanders, elopes with Princess Judith, daughter King Charles of West Francia

HeartWedding of Interest

1951 British PM Margaret Thatcher (26) weds businessman Denis Thatcher (36) at Wesley's Chapel in City Road, London

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher

Deaths in History

  • 838 Pippijn I, King of Aquitania, dies
  • 1048 Al-Biruni, Arabic royal astrologer, dies at 74
  • 1124 Callistus/Callixtus II, [Guido di Borgogna], Italian Pope (1119-24), dies
  • 1126 Henry IX, the Black, Duke of Bavaria (1120-26), dies
  • 1204 Maimonides, Jewish philosopher/talmudic scholar, dies in Cairo at 69
  • 1250 Frederick II, German Emperor (1212-1250), dies at 55
  • 1404 Albert I, Duke of Bavaria, dies at 74

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1466 Donatello, Florentine artist and sculptor (b. 1386)

Sculptor Donatello
Sculptor
Donatello
  • 1516 Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer (b. 1462)
  • 1521 Manoel I "the Great", King of Portugal (1495-1521), dies at 52
  • 1557 Niccolo Tartaglia, Italian mathematician, dies
  • 1565 Conrad Gessner, Swiss naturalist (b. 1516)
  • 1574 Selam II Sari, the blonde, sultan of Turkey (1566-74), dies at 50
  • 1603 François Viète, French mathematician dies in Paris (b. 1540)
  • 1621 Katarina Stenbock, Queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1535)
  • 1650 Phineas Fletcher, English poet, dies at 68
  • 1672 Jan II Kazimierz, king of Poland (1648-68), dies at 63
  • 1693 Dodoftei, Romanian metropolitan of Moldavia/writer (Saint Lives), dies
  • 1693 Willem Van de Velde, Dutch the Old, seascape painter, dies at about 82
  • 1716 Charles de La Fosse, French painter (b. 1640)
  • 1721 Alexander Selkirk, Scottish sailor and castaway (b. 1676)
  • 1729 Anthony Collins, Engl philosopher (On Liberty & Necessity), dies at 53
  • 1769 C F Gellert, writer, dies at 54
  • 1774 Susanne K von Klettenberg, German friend of Goethes mother, dies at 50
  • 1783 Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer (b. 1717)
  • 1784 Samuel Johnson, English writer and lexicographer (b. 1709)
  • 1814 Charles Joseph Prince of Ligne, Belgium fieldmarshal/author, dies at 79
  • 1835 John Storm, American Revolutionary soldier (b. 1760)
  • 1837 Herman of Alaska, Russian Orthodox hermit (b. 1756)
  • 1862 Conrad Feger Jackson, US Union Brig-General, dies in Battle of Fredericksburg at 49
  • 1862 Maxcy Gregg, US Confederate Brig-General, dies in Battle of Fredericksburg at 48
  • 1862 Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb, Confederate Brig-General, dies in Battle of Fredericksburg at 39
  • 1863 Friedrich Hebbel, writer, dies at 50
  • 1868 Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist (b. 1794)
  • 1872 Helena Beeloo, a maid, murdered by Henry Jut at the Hague, Netherlands
  • 1872 W T van der Kouwen-ten Cate, murdered by Henry Jut at the Hague, Netherlands
  • 1881 August Senoa, Croatian writer (Kletva [The Curse]), dies at 43
  • 1883 Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (b. 1812)
  • 1894 Sarah Parker Remond, US/Italian abolitionist, dies at 68
  • 1895 Ányos Jedlik, Hungarian physicist (b. 1800)
  • 1909 Innokenti Annenski, Russian poet and interpreter, dies of heart attack at 54
  • 1919 Woldemar Voigt, German physicist (b. 1850)
  • 1922 Hannes Hafstein, Icelandic politician and poet (b. 1861)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1924 Samuel Gompers, organizer (American Federation of Labor), dies at 74

Founder of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers
Founder of the American Federation of Labor
Samuel Gompers
  • 1930 Fritz Pregl, Slovenian/Austrian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1931 Gustave le Bon, French psychologist (b. 1840)
  • 1932 Georgios Jakobides, Greek painter (b. 1853)
  • 1934 Thomas A. Watson, American assistant to Alexander Graham Bell (b. 1854)
  • 1940 Jacques-Arsène d'Arsonval, French physicist (b. 1851)
  • 1942 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (b. 1866)
  • 1944 Vassily Kandinsky, Russian-born German, French abstract painter, dies at 78
  • 1945 Robert van Genechten, Dutch Nazi (NSB), commits suicide
  • 1945 Elisabeth Volkenrath, supervisor at concentration camps (b. 1919)
  • 1947 Nicholas Roerich, Russian-born painter (b. 1874)
  • 1950 Abraham Wald, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1902)
  • 1954 John Raymond Hubbell, American writer (b. 1879)
  • 1955 Egas Moniz, Portuguese psychiatrist and neurosurgeon, Nobel laureate (b. 1874)
  • 1958 Ahmed Mukhtar Baban, premier of Iraq, executed
  • 1958 Barhanuddin Bashajan, Iraqi minister of Foreign affairs, executed
  • 1958 Brand Dirck Ochse, film/bioscope pioneer (Polygoon), dies at 66
  • 1958 Rafiq Aref, Iraqi chief-staff Arabs Statenbond, executed

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1961 Grandma Moses [Anna M], US painter, dies at 101

Primitive Painter Grandma Moses
Primitive Painter
Grandma Moses
  • 1963 Hubert ME Pierlot, Belgian advocate/premier (1939-45), dies at 79
  • 1969 Raymond A Spruance, US admiral (battle of Midway), dies at 83
  • 1971 Max Mell, Austria artillery officer/literary, dies at 88
  • 1973 Henry Green, English author (b. 1905)
  • 1975 Hendrik Kruls, Dutch gen/chief milt authority (1944-46), dies at 73
  • 1976 Eduard Claudius, writer, dies
  • 1980 Harm van Riel, Dutch Liberal Party politician, dies at 73
  • 1983 Mary Renault [Challans], British author (Funeral games), dies at 78
  • 1983 Alexander Schmemann, Orthodox Christian priest and theologian (b. 1921)
  • 1983 Nichita Stanescu, Romanian poet (b. 1933
  • 1990 Friedrich Dörrenmatt, Swiss writer (Besuch der alten Dame), dies at 69
  • 1991 Andre Pieyre de Mandiargues, French writer (La marge), dies at 82
  • 1992 K.C. Irving, Canadian industrialist (b. 1899)
  • 1992 Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, American businessman and heir (b. 1899)
  • 1993 Charles JB Jonckheere, Flemish poet/writer: Ogentroost, dies at 87
  • 1994 Antoine Pinay, PM of France (1952-53), dies
  • 1994 Herman W "Fritz" Liebert, US librarian/Yale-curator, dies at 83
  • 1995 Evangeline Bruce, hostess, dies at 81
  • 1996 Cao Yu, Chinese dramatist (Peking Man), dies at 86
  • 1996 Charles Edwin Molnar, computer pioneer, dies at 61
  • 1997 Alexander Oppenheim, mathematician, dies at 94
  • 1997 Martin Carter, poet/critic, dies at 70
  • 1997 Rafael Jose Fernandez de la Calzada y Ferrer, restaurateur, dies at 83
  • 1999 Allen Breed, American inventor of the first automotive airbag sensor, dies of a heart attack while suffering from lung cancer, at 72
  • 2003 William V. Roth, Jr., U.S. Senator (b. 1921)
  • 2004 David Wheeler, English computer scientist (b. 1927)
  • 2005 Stanley Tookie Williams, co-founder of the Crips and convicted murderer (b. 1953)
  • 2007 Mark Partridge, Rhodesian politician
  • 2010 Richard Holbrooke, American diplomat (b. 1941)
  • 2011 Russell Hoban, American author (creator of 'Frances' series), dies at 86
  • 2011 Park Tae-joon, South Korean general and founder of steel giant Posco, dies at 84
  • 2016 Thomas Schelling, American economist, (Nobel Prize 2005 - game-theory analysis), dies at 95