On This Day in History for December 19

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 121

  • 324 Licinius abdicates his position as Roman Emperor.
  • 401 St Anastasius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1055 Seldjuken under Toghril Beg occupy Baghdad
  • 1154 King Henry II of England crowned
  • 1551 Dutch west coast hit by hurricane
  • 1562 Battle at Dreux: Anne de Montmorency & huguenots under Condé captured
  • 1642 4 of Tasman's crew are killed at Wharewharangi (Murderers) Bay by Māori; Tasman's ships depart without landing
  • 1686 Robinson Crusoe leaves his island after 28 years (as per Daniel Defoe)
  • 1688 King James II's wife & son flee to France
  • 1696 Jean-Francois Regnard's "Le Joueur" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1732 Benjamin Franklin under the name Richard Saunders begins publication of "Poor Richard's Almanack"

United States Founding Father Benjamin Franklin
United States Founding Father
Benjamin Franklin

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 Thomas Paine published his 1st "American Crisis" essay, in which he wrote, "These are the times that try men's souls"

Voice of the American Revolution Thomas Paine
Voice of the American Revolution
Thomas Paine
  • 1777 Washington settles his troops at Valley Forge, Pa for winter

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1783 William Pitt the Younger becomes the youngest ever British Prime Minister at age 24

British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
  • 1788 Chinese troops occupy capital Thang Long Vietnam
  • 1795 1st state appropriation of money for road building, Kentucky
  • 1823 Georgia passes 1st US state birth registration law in US
  • 1828 South Carolina declares right of states to nullify federal laws

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin approaches NZ

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1842 US recognizes independence of Hawaii

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1843 "A Christmas Carol" by Charles Dickens is published, 6,000 copies sold

Novelist Charles Dickens
Novelist
Charles Dickens
  • 1854 Allen Wilson of Conn patents sewing machine to sew curving seams
  • 1859 Grading started for Market Street RR
  • 1861 Battle of Black Water (American Civil War)
  • 1862 Skirmish at Jackson/Salem Church, Tenn (80 casualties)
  • 1871 Albert L Jones (NYC), patents corrugated paper
  • 1884 Italy recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • 1887 Jake Kilrain & Jem Smith fight 106 round bare knuckle draw
  • 1888 Stanley's expedition reaches Fort Bodo, East-Africa
  • 1889 Bishop Museum founded in Hawaii
  • 1890 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Beryl Coronet" (BG)
  • 1891 1st Negro Catholic priest ordained in US, Charles Uncles, Baltimore
  • 1900 General Horatio Kitchener offers protections to all Boers who will surrender and asks the Dutch community of Pretoria to convey this offer, leaders in the field refuse to surrender
  • 1903 Williamsburg suspension bridge opens between Brooklyn & Manhattan
  • 1907 239 workers died in a coal mine explosion in Jacobs Creek, Pennsylvania
  • 1910 1st US city ordinance requiring white & black residential areas (Balt)
  • 1910 Rayon 1st commercially produced, Marcus Hook, Penn
  • 1916 Suriname Bauxite Company forms in Paramaribo
  • 1918 Robert Ripley began his "Believe It or Not" column (NY Globe)
  • 1919 American Meteorological Society found
  • 1920 1st US indoor curling rink opens (Brookline, Mass)
  • 1920 King Constantine I is restored as King of the Hellenes after the death of his son Alexander I of Greece and a plebiscite.
  • 1922 Theresa Vaughn, 24, confesses in court in Sheffield, England, to being married 61 times over 5 years in 50 cities in three countries
  • 1924 The last Rolls-Royce Silver Ghost is sold in London, England.
  • 1928 1st autogyro flight in US

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1930 James Weldon Johnson resigns as executive secretary of NAACP

Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson
Writer and Civil Rights Activist
James Weldon Johnson
  • 1931 Joseph A Lyons (C) becomes premier of Australia
  • 1932 British Broadcasting Corp begins transmitting overseas
  • 1933 Electric Home & Farm Authority Inc, authorized
  • 1934 Japan agrees to naval treaty of 1922 & 1930
  • 1939 Russian air & ground attack against Finnish positions near Summa
  • 1941 German submarine U-574 sinks

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Hitler takes complete command of German Army

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1941 US Office of Censorship created to control info pertaining to WW II
  • 1942 Robert Stroud "Birdman of Alcatraz" is transferred to Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary
  • 1943 Military coup in Bolivia
  • 1945 Austrian Republic re-establishes
  • 1945 Jean Giraudoux' "La Folle de Chaillot" premieres in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 War breaks out in Indochina as Ho Chi Minh attacks French in Hanoi

Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary Ho Chi Minh
Vietnamese Communist Revolutionary
Ho Chi Minh
  • 1948 2nd political action of Java/Sumatra
  • 1948 8th largest snowfall in NYC history (15.3")
  • 1949 Luxury passenger ship Aquitania demolished in Gareloch, Scotland

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Gen Eisenhower named NATO commander

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Tibet's Dalai Lama flees Chinese invasion

14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso
14th Dalai Lama
Tenzin Gyatso
  • 1951 Nazi General Christiansen leaves Netherlands
  • 1952 Queen Juliana unveals statue "Docker"
  • 1955 Carl Perkins records "Blue Suede Shoes"
  • 1958 1st radio broadcast from space (President Eisenhower voice "To all mankind, America's wish for Peace on Earth & Good Will to Men Everywhere")
  • 1959 1st Liberty Bowl game-Penn State beats Alabama 7-0
  • 1960 Fire aboard USS Constellation, under construction at Brooklyn (50 die)
  • 1960 Mercury-Redstone 1A reaches 210 km in test flight

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Indonesian President Sukarno proclaims general mobilization

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • 1962 Nyasaland secedes from Rhodesia & Nyasaland
  • 1962 Street signs in Golden Gate Park approved by Park Commission
  • 1962 Transit 5A1, 1st operational navigational satellite, launched

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1965 French President De Gaulle re-elected (Mitterrand gets 45%)

21st President of France Francois Mitterrand
21st President of France
Francois Mitterrand
  • 1967 Prime Minister of Australia Harold Holt is officially presumed dead.
  • 1971 NASA launches Intelsat 4 F-3 for COMSAT Corp
  • 1972 Apollo 17 (last of Apollo Moon landing series) returns to Earth
  • 1973 Grenada adopts constitution
  • 1974 Nelson A Rockefeller sworn-in as 41st VP
  • 1975 John Paul Stevens becomes a US Supreme Court Justice
  • 1975 The Red Hand Commandos, a very secretive Ulster loyalist paramilitary group in Northern Ireland, explode a no-warning car bomb in Dundalk, killing 2 civilians and wounding 20

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1976 Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev receives his 5th Order of Lenin

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
  • 1977 Dutch government of Van Agt/Wiegel forms
  • 1978 France performs nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1978 Indira Gandhi ambushed in India

4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi
4th Prime Minister of India
Indira Gandhi
  • 1980 Anguilla becomes a British dependency separate from St Kitts
  • 1980 Iran requests $24 billion in US guarantees to free hostages
  • 1980 Mutual Broadcasting cancels Sears Radio Theater
  • 1981 Sixteen lives are lost when the Penlee, Cornwall, lifeboat goes to the aid of the stricken coaster Union Star in heavy seas.
  • 1981 Romuald Spasowski, Polish ambassador to the United States defects to show support for the Solidarity movement amid a crackdown

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1984 Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang and British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher sign the Sino-British Joint Declaration to transfer Hong Kong back to China in 1997

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher
  • 1984 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1984 Fire at Wilberg Mine in central Utah killed 27 people
  • 1984 UK signs agreement with China to return Hong Kong to China in 1997
  • 1985 Mary Lund is 1st woman to receive a Jarvik VII artificial heart at Abbott Northwestern Hospital, Minneapolis
  • 1985 STS 61-C scrubbed at T -13s because of SRB auxiliary power problem

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1986 USSR frees dissident Andrei Sakharov from internal exile

Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident Andrei Sakharov
Nuclear Physicist & Soviet Dissident
Andrei Sakharov
  • 1986 Jack Morris agrees to salary arbitration with former team Tigers & accuses owners of collusion against free agency

Birthdays in History

  • 1036 Su Tung-p'o, China, poet/essayist/painter/calligrapher
  • 1498 Andreas Osiander, Germany, Protestant Reformation theologist
  • 1554 Philip William, Prince of Orange (d. 1618)
  • 1683 Philip V, Versailles France, King of Spain (1700-24, 24-46)
  • 1699 William Bowyer, English printer (d. 1777)
  • 1714 John Winthrop, American astronomer (d. 1779)
  • 1723 Susanne K von Klettenberg, German friend of Goethes mother
  • 1744 Jacobus J Cramer, priest of Holland/Zealand/West-Friesland
  • 1753 John Taylor, Virginia, philosopher (Jeffersonian Democracy)
  • 1778 Princess Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte, eldest child of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI (d. 1851)
  • 1779 Auguste-Gaspard-Louis Desnoyers, engraver, born in Paris, France
  • 1783 Charles-Julien Brianchon, France, mathematician (Brianchon's theorem)
  • 1784 Marcus Morton, 16th and 18th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1864)
  • 1790 William Parry, England, Arctic explorer
  • 1792 [Andries] Hendrik Potgieter, Cape Colony, settled Transvaal
  • 1796 Manuel Breton de los Herreros, Quel Spain, poet/comic playwright
  • 1809 Pierre-Joseph van Beneden, Belg, paleont (life cycle of tapeworms)
  • 1813 Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist and physicist (ozone), born in Belfast (d. 1885)
  • 1814 Edwin M[cMasters] Stanton, Ohio, US Secretary of War (1861-65)
  • 1817 James Jay Archer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) (d. 1864)
  • 1819 James Clifford Veatch, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1895)
  • 1821 Mary Ashton Livermore, American reformer/women's suffrage leader
  • 1824 Hercules Robinson, Ireland, South Africa Commissioner (1880-89, 1895-97)
  • 1831 Bernice Pauahi Bishop, Hawaiian philanthropist (d. 1884)
  • 1832 John Kirk Barry, Scot, Dr/companion to explorer David Livingstone
  • 1836 Maria L Sanford, pioneer educator (PTA)
  • 1837 John Carpenter Carter, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • 1849 Henry Clay Frick, Penn, built world's largest coke & steel operation
  • 1852 A[lbert] A Michelson, Strelno Prussia, US physicist (Nobel 1907)
  • 1853 Charles Fitzpatrick, Canadian politician who was the 12th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec and 5th Chief Justice of Canada, born in Quebec City, Canada (d. 1942)
  • 1861 Constance [Clara] Garnett, Russian-English translator, born in Brighton England
  • 1861 Italo Svevo, Trieste Austria, Italian novelist (La Coscienza di Zeno)
  • 1865 Hermann Hirt, Magdeburg Prussia, linguist (Indo-European Grammar)
  • 1865 Tikhon Toropets, Pskov Russia, patriarch of Russian Orthodox/saint
  • 1869 Eduard Hermann, Coburg Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, German linguist (Homer)
  • 1875 Carter G Woodson, New Canton Va, American historian (African American studies)
  • 1883 Louis Davids, [Simon David], Dutch cabaret performer/chorus performer
  • 1883 [Francis] Barry Byrne, architect, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1884 Antonin Zapotocky, Czechoslovak president (Ceskoslovensky Spisouatel)
  • 1885 F S Flint, translator/poet (imagist movement), born in London, England
  • 1890 Klaas Painter, vicar/antifascist (Occupies possession) [or 1880]
  • 1890 Klaas Schilder, Dutch theologist/vicar (Occupied Territory)
  • 1891 Edward Bernard Andre Maria Raczynski, Poland, pres-in-exile (1979-86)
  • 1894 Yoshida Isoya, architect (modern sukiya style), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1895 Ingeborg Refling-Hagen, Norwegian author/poet (Loke Saar Havre)
  • 1896 John Seldon Whale, theologian
  • 1897 Louis Darquier de Pellepoix, France, anti-Semite/nazi collaborator
  • 1901 Oliver [Hazard Perry] La Farge, American anthropologist/novelist, born in NYC, New York
  • 1903 Cyril Dean Darlington, English biologist and geneticist who discovered the mechanics of chromosomal crossover and its role in inheritance and evolution, born in Chorley, England (d. 1981)
  • 1903 George Davis Snell, Bradford, Massachusetts, American geneticist (H-2 gene)
  • 1903 Theo Harych, German writer, born in Doruchow, Posen (d. 1958)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1906 Leonid Brezhnev, General Secretary of the Soviet Union (1964-82), born in Kamenskoye, Ukraine (d. 1982)

Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev
Soviet General Secretary
Leonid Brezhnev
  • 1909 W.A. Criswell, American (Baptist) preacher (d. 2002)
  • 1910 Jean Genet, criminal/novelist/dramatist (The Blacks), born in Paris, France
  • 1910 Jose Lezama Lima, poet/novelist, born in Havana, Cuba
  • 1913 William C De Vries, surgeon/inventor (artificial heart)
  • 1916 Adriaan van der Veen, Dutch writer (Sister at Sea)
  • 1919 Benedict Freedman, novelist and mathematician (Mrs Mike), born in New York City (d. 2012)
  • 1923 Luigi Innocenti, designer
  • 1924 Peter Prowtiny, English real estate developer/multi-millionaire
  • 1924 Carlo Chiti, Italian race car engineer (d. 1994)
  • 1924 Gary Morton, second husband of Lucille Ball (d. 1999)
  • 1924 Michel Tournier, French writer ( Friday, or, The Other Island), born in Paris (d. 2016)
  • 1925 Tankred Dorst, German playwright, born in Oberlind
  • 1926 Jeanne Kirkpatrick, US ambassador to UN
  • 1926 Herb Stempel, American game show contestant
  • 1928 Nathan Oliveira, American artist
  • 1929 Herman T M Lauxtermann, Dutch 2nd chamber member (VVD)
  • 1932 Salvador Elizondo, Mexican writer
  • 1934 Rudi Carrell, [Rudolf W Kesselman], Dutch showmaster
  • 1934 Casper R. Taylor, Jr., American politician
  • 1942 Jean-Patric Manchette, thriller writer
  • 1943 William De Vries, Bkln, surgeon-inventor (Symbion artifical heart)
  • 1943 Ross M. Lence, American political scientist (d. 2006)
  • 1944 Richard Leakey, anthropologist
  • 1944 William Christie, American-born director of Les Arts Florissants
  • 1944 Mitchell Feigenbaum, American mathematical physicist
  • 1951 Fred W Leslie, Ancon Panama, PhD/astronaut (STS 73)
  • 1960 Michelangelo Signorile, American writer
  • 1962 Bettina Huebers, claims to be the illegitimate daughter of Paul McCartney, born in Hamburg, Germany
  • 1967 Criss Angel [Christopher Nicholas Sarantakos], Hempstead, New York, American magician and illusionist (Criss Angel Mindfreak)
  • 1971 Liz Cho, American television reporter
  • 1975 Jon Smith, British writer
  • 1996 Paige Speakman, England, born 19 days before her twin sister

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1895 Poet Robert Frost (21) weds Elinor Miriam White in Lawrence, Massachusetts

HeartWedding of Interest

1912 Author Colette (39) weds "Le Matin" newspaper editor Henri de Jouvenel

Novelist and Performer Colette
Novelist and Performer
Colette

HeartWedding of Interest

1931 Propagandist Joseph Goebbels (34) weds Magda Ritschel (30) at Günther Quandt's farm in Mecklenburg, Germany

Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph Goebbels
Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information
Joseph Goebbels

HeartWedding of Interest

1975 Astronaut Buzz Aldrin (45) weds Beverly Zile

Astronaut Buzz Aldrin
Astronaut
Buzz Aldrin

Divorces in History


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1995 Queen Elizabeth askes Prince Charles & Diana to divorce

His Royal Highness Prince Charles
His Royal Highness
Prince Charles

Deaths in History

  • 401 Anastasius I, Bishop of Rome (399-401), dies
  • 1075 Edith of Wessex, wife of Edward the Confessor of England
  • 1327 Agnes of France, Duchess of Burgundy
  • 1370 Urban V, [Guillaume de Grimoard], 1st Avignon Pope (1362-70), dies
  • 1737 James Sobieski, Crown Prince of Poland (b. 1667)
  • 1741 Vitus J Bering, Dutch navigator/explorer, dies
  • 1751 Louise of Great Britain, wife of Frederick V of Denmark (b. 1724)
  • 1804 Mary Bright, British PM Rockingham, dies
  • 1807 Friedrich Melchior, baron von Grimm, German writer (b. 1723)
  • 1813 James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1744)
  • 1814 Joseph Bramah, Inventor and Locksmith, notably invented the beer pump
  • 1819 Sir Thomas Fremantle, British naval officer and politician (b. 1765)
  • 1848 Adam FJA van Duyn, governor of South Holland, dies at 77

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1848 Emily Brontë, English novelist (Wuthering Heights), dies of tuberculosis at 30

Novelist Emily Brontë
Novelist
Emily Brontë
  • 1851 J M William Turner, British painter (Rain, Steam & Speed), dies at 76
  • 1878 Bayard Taylor, American author and poet (b. 1825)
  • 1914 Johann F Ritter von Schulte, German catholic lawyer, dies at 87
  • 1915 Alois Alzheimer, German psychiatrist/neurologist (Alzheimer Disease), dies at 51
  • 1932 Yoon Bong-Gil, Korean activist (b. 1908)
  • 1933 George Jackson Churchward, GWR Chief mechanical engineer. (b. 1857)
  • 1938 Stephen Warfield Gambrill, U.S. Congressman (b. 1873)
  • 1939 Karl Wagenfeld, Low German writer (Lucifer, Death & Devil), dies at 70
  • 1941 L M Dovator, Russian general, dies in battle
  • 1944 Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (b. 1856)
  • 1946 Paul Langevin, French physicist (b. 1872)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1953 Robert A. Millikan, American physicist (Nobel 1923), dies at 85

  • 1953 Rudolf Leonhard, writer, dies
  • 1959 Walter Williams, claimed to be last survivor of Civil War, dies at 117
  • 1966 Ehm Welk [Thomas Trimm], German writer, dies at 82
  • 1967 Alfred Courtens, Belgian sculptor, dies at 78
  • 1968 Norman Thomas, American socialist, pacifist and presidential candidate (1928-48), dies at 84
  • 1977 Nellie Tayloe Ross, 1st woman governor, dies at 101
  • 1982 Dwight Macdonald, American social critic (b. 1906)
  • 1984 Joy Ridderhof, American missionary (b. 1903)
  • 1986 V. C. Andrews, American author (b. 1923)
  • 1989 Dorothea "Stella" Gibbons, English journalist and author (Cold Comfort Farm), dies at 87
  • 1991 Ernest K Gann, US adventure novelist, dies at 81
  • 1993 Anthonius AM "Ton" Kors, writer (Time of Anton de Lange), dies at 47
  • 1993 Antoon Veerman, Dutch ARP asst sect of Education (1973-75), dies at 77
  • 1995 Dame Ruth Nita Barrow, governor-general of Barbados, dies at 79
  • 1995 Harold Watkinson, politician/businessman, dies at 85
  • 1995 Janet Wilder, stuntwoman, dies at 29
  • 1996 Yuli Borisovich Khariton, scientist, dies at 82
  • 1997 David Norman Schramm, physicist, dies at 52
  • 1997 Masaru Ibuka, co-founder (Sony Corp), dies at 89
  • 1998 Antonio Ordóñez, Spanish bullfighter (b. 1932)
  • 1998 Mel Fisher, American treasure hunter (b. 1922)
  • 2000 John Lindsay, American politician (b. 1921)
  • 2003 Peter Carter-Ruck, English lawyer (b. 1914)
  • 2003 Roy Hughes, Baron Islwyn, British politician (L), dies at 78
  • 2004 Herbert C. Brown, English-born American chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1912)
  • 2005 Keith Duckworth, English mechanical engineer (Cosworth; b. 1933)
  • 2005 Vincent Gigante, American mafioso (b. 1927)
  • 2008 James Bevel, 1960s Civil rights movement leader (b. 1936)
  • 2008 Carol Chomsky, American linguist and education specialist (b. 1930)
  • 2009 Hossein-Ali Montazeri, Iranian dissident cleric Grand Ayatollah (b. 1922)
  • 2010 Anthony Howard, English Journalist (b. 1934)
  • 2012 Robert Bork, American legal scholar/jurist, dies from heart disease at 85
  • 2012 Amnon Lipkin-Shahak, Israeli military leader, dies from cancer at 68