On This Day in History for December 23

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 119

  • 619 Boniface V begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 962 Byzantine-Arab Wars: Under the future Emperor Nicephorus Phocas, Byzantine troops stormed city of Aleppo, recovering the tattered tunic of John the Baptist
  • 1482 The Peace of Atrecht (now Arras) concluded between Louis XI of France and Maximilian of Austria, ending the War of the Burgundian Succession
  • 1493 Georg Alt's German translation of Hartmann Schedel's Nuremberg Chronicle is published.
  • 1620 French huguenots declare war on King Louis XIII
  • 1672 Giovanni Cassini discovers Rhea, a satellite of Saturn
  • 1688 King James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch flees to France from William of Orange
  • 1690 English astronomer John Flamsteed observes Uranus without realizing it's undiscovered
  • 1692 Nahum Tate is appointed the third Poet Laureate by English monarchs William and Mary
  • 1715 Russian/Prussian troops occupy Stralsund
  • 1724 Emperor Charles VI names Archduchess Maria Elisabeth of Austria land guardian of the Austrian Netherlands
  • 1728 Prussian Emperor Karel VI signs Treaty of Berlin
  • 1751 France sets plan to tax clergymen
  • 1776 Continental Congress negotiates a war loan of $181,500 from France

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1779 Benedict Arnold court-martialed for improper conduct

US Defector General Benedict Arnold
US Defector General
Benedict Arnold

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1783 US General George Washington resigns his military commission as Commander-in-Chief of the Army to Congress

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1788 Maryland votes to cede a 10 square mile area for District of Columbia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1793 Thomas Jefferson warned of slave revolts in West Indies

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1815 "Emma" By Jane Austen by published by John Murray in London

Novelist Jane Austen
Novelist
Jane Austen
  • 1823 "Visit from St Nicholas" by C Moore published in Troy (NY) Sentinel
  • 1832 Dutch troops in Antwerp surrender
  • 1834 Joseph Hansom of London receives patent for Hansom cabs
  • 1852 1st Chinese theater in US, Celestial John, opens in San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1862 Union General Ben "Beast" Butler is proclaimed a "felon, outlaw & common enemy of mankind" by Jefferson Davis

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1876 Turkey's 1st constitution proclaimed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1888 Vincent van Gogh cuts off his left ear with a razor, after argument with fellow painter Paul Gauguin, and sends to a prostitute for safe keeping

Painter Vincent van Gogh
Painter
Vincent van Gogh
Painter and Sculptor Paul Gauguin
Painter and Sculptor
Paul Gauguin
  • 1899 British Field Marshall Lord Roberts departs Southampton to South Africa for the 2nd Boer War
  • 1899 Tentative Turkish & German treaty on construction of Baghdad railway
  • 1900 As American forces defeat the Filipino insurgents and impose civil authority, some Filipinos form a Federal Party with a platform recognizing US sovereignty
  • 1907 1st all-steel passengar railroad coach completed, Altoona, Pa
  • 1909 Albert I becomes the third King of the Belgians
  • 1911 Frank Wedekind's "Oaha, die Satire der Satire" premieres in Munich
  • 1912 1st "Keystone Kops" film, entitled "Hoffmeyer's Legacy"
  • 1912 Aswan Dam in Nile begins operation
  • 1912 In Delhi, India, terrorist agitation continues as British Viceroy Lord Hardinge is wounded by a bomb explosion

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 US President Woodrow Wilson signs Federal Reserve Act into law

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1914 World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt.
  • 1916 World War I: Battle of Magdhaba - Allied forces defeat Turkish forces in Egypt's Sinai peninsula.
  • 1917 3 British warships come close to Holland
  • 1919 1st hospital ship built to move wounded naval personnel launched
  • 1919 Alice H Parker patents gas heating furnace
  • 1920 Government of Ireland Act / Home Rule Act passed partitioning Ireland
  • 1921 Visva-Bharati University is inaugurated.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1921 Gangster Carlo Gambino enters the United States as an illegal immigrant on the SS Vincenzo Florio

Gangster Carlo Gambino
Gangster
Carlo Gambino
  • 1922 BBC Radio began daily newscasts
  • 1922 Pope Pius XI pleas for peace: encyclical Ubi arcano
  • 1926 KEX-AM in Portland OR begins radio transmissions
  • 1930 Police Bureau of Criminal Alien Investigation started in NYC
  • 1933 Marinus van der Lubbe sentenced to death
  • 1933 Train crash in Eastern Paris; 230 die
  • 1936 Colombia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty

  • 1937 First flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber.
  • 1938 Discovery of the first modern coelacanth in South Africa.
  • 1939 Finnish counter offensive at Summa
  • 1939 South Australia score 7-821 against Queensland
  • 1940 John Van Druten's "Old Acquaintance" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 American forces on Wake Island surrender to Japanese
  • 1941 British troops overrun Benghazi, Libya
  • 1941 Japan begins assault on Rangoon, Burma
  • 1942 Allies air attack on Den Helder

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Gen Bernard Montgomery told he is appointed commandant for D-day

British WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery
British WWII Field Marshal
Bernard Montgomery
  • 1944 Beginning of harsh winter
  • 1945 Frederick Astons "Cinderella" premieres in London
  • 1945 Pope Pius XII encyclical Orientals omnes, about Rutheense church
  • 1946 Belgian Council of State forms
  • 1946 Highest ridership in NYC subway history (8.8 million passengers)
  • 1946 University of Tennessee refuses to play Duquesne University as they suggested they may use a black player in their basketball game
  • 1947 Transistor invented by Bardeen, Brattain & Shockley in Bell Labs
  • 1951 Last Belgian communities get electricity
  • 1952 Alain Bombard arrives in Barbados after 65 days at sea proving his theory that a shipwrecked person could survive with almost no provisions, despite having lost 25 kg (65 lbs) in weight
  • 1954 The first human kidney transplant is performed by Dr. Joseph E. Murray at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1958 Abdallah Ibrahim forms government of Morocco
  • 1960 De Quay's Dutch government falls
  • 1960 King Saud of Saudi Arabia takes power
  • 1961 Train accident in Italy, 70 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Fidel Castro announces Cuba will release 1,113 prisoners from failed 1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion for $62M worth of food & medical supplies

Cuban Revolutionary and President Fidel Castro
Cuban Revolutionary and President
Fidel Castro
  • 1962 Cuba starts returning US prisoners from Bay of Pigs invasion
  • 1962 Dallas Texans beat Houston Oilers 20-17 in AFL championship game
  • 1963 Beach Boys 1st appearance on "Shindig"
  • 1963 Fire on Greek ship Laconia, 128 die
  • 1964 India & Ceylon hit by cyclone, about 4,850 killed
  • 1967 Brussels: NATO Council accept "Flexible Response" strategy
  • 1968 1st US case of space motion sickness
  • 1968 82 members of US intelligence ship Pueblo released by North Korea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1968 Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and William Anders become the 1st men to orbit the Moon

Astronaut Frank Borman
Astronaut
Frank Borman

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1970 7,511th performance of Agatha Christie's play "The Mousetrap" (record)

Novelist Agatha Christie
Novelist
Agatha Christie
  • 1970 French author Régis Debray freed in Bolivia
  • 1970 NYC World Trade Center reaches highest point (411 m)
  • 1970 USSR performs nuclear test
  • 1970 A Protestant man is shot dead at his home in Belfast, North Ireland
  • 1971 British Prime Minister Edward Heath visits Northern Ireland and expresses his determination to end the violence
  • 1972 16 plane crash survivors rescued after 70d, survived by cannabalism
  • 1972 6.25 Earthquake destroys central Managua Nicaragua, 10,000 die
  • 1972 Chandrasekhar takes 8-79 India v England at Delhi
  • 1973 6 Persian Gulf nations double their oil prices
  • 1973 French Caravelle airliner crashes in Morocco, 106 killed
  • 1974 Leningrad: premier of Dmitri Sjotakovitsj' Michelangelo-liederen
  • 1975 Congress passes Metric Conversion Act
  • 1975 Peter Seitz makes Andy Messersmith & Dave McNally free agents
  • 1979 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

245 Zenobia, Queen of Palmyra, born in Palmyra, Syria (d. 274)

Queen of the Palmyrene Empire in Roman Syria Zenobia
Queen of the Palmyrene Empire in Roman Syria
Zenobia
  • 1173 Louis I, Duke of Bavaria (d. 1231)
  • 1513 Thomas Smith, English diplomat and scholar (d. 1577)
  • 1544 Anna, duchess of Saxson/wife of prince Willem of Orange (1561-71)
  • 1548 Pieter C Bockenberg, historian (Annales Hollandiae et Zeelandiae)
  • 1597 Martin Opitz, German poet "Father of Modern German Poetry"
  • 1613 Carl Gustaf Wrangel, Swedish soldier (d. 1676)
  • 1621 Edmund Berry Godfrey, English magistrate (d. 1678)
  • 1621 Heneage Finch, 1st Earl of Nottingham, Lord Chancellor of England (d. 1682)
  • 1722 Axel Fredrik Cronstedt, Turinge, Swedish Chemist who discovered nickel and tungsten

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1732 Richard Arkwright, English industrialist and inventor (created the spinning frame), born in Preston, England (d. 1792)

Industrialist and Inventor Richard Arkwright
Industrialist and Inventor
Richard Arkwright
  • 1743 Ippolit Bogdanovich, Russian poet (d. 1803)
  • 1750 Frederik Augustus I, the Righteous, king of Saxony (1806-27)
  • 1758 Nathan Wilson U.S. Representative from New York
  • 1777 Aleksandr I P Romanov, tsar of Russia (1801-25)
  • 1780 Charles-Louis Panckoucke, French publisher
  • 1790 Jean-Francois Champollion, deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics
  • 1804 Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve, French critic/writer (Informal Talk)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1805 Joseph Smith Jr, American founder of the Mormon Church, born in Sharon, Vermont (d. 1844)

Religious Leader Joseph Smith Jr
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith Jr
  • 1808 Thomas Turner, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1883)
  • 1812 Samuel Smiles, Scotland, author (Self-Help, Character, Duty)
  • 1815 Henry Highland Garnet, Maryland, minister/abolitionist/diplomat
  • 1818 David Addison Weisiger, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1899)
  • 1819 Jan Jakob Lodewijk ten Kate, Dutch poet and clergyman (d. 1889)
  • 1822 Wilhelm Bauer, German engineer (d. 1875)
  • 1827 Wilhelm Freiherr von Tegetthoff, Austrian admiral (Helgoland/Lissa)
  • 1828 Mathilde Wesendonk, German writer/poet (Tagebuchblatter)
  • 1843 Richard Conner, American Civil War Medal of Honor Recipient (d. 1924)
  • 1845 Emmanuel-Persillier Lachapelle, dr (found Notre Dame Hosp Montreal)
  • 1845 Gustave Ador, union president of Austria (1919)
  • 1854 Henry B. Guppy, British botanist (d. 1926)
  • 1858 Vladimir Nemirovitch-Dantshenko, playwright (Life in Russian Theater)
  • 1860 Harriet Monroe, poet/editor of Poetry magazine (You & I), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1862 Henri Pirenne, Belgian historian (History of Belgium)
  • 1864 Zorka of Montenegro, Princess of Serbia (d. 1890)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1867 Madam C. J. Walker [Sarah Breedlove], African American entrepreneur (First American self-made female millionaire, Madame C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company), born in Delta, Louisiana (d. 1919)

Cosmetics Mogul Madam C. J. Walker
Cosmetics Mogul
Madam C. J. Walker
  • 1878 Stephen Timoshenko, Ukrainian-born mechanical engineer (d. 1972)
  • 1883 Hubert M E Pierlot, Belgian advocate/premier (1939-45)
  • 1885 Pierre Brissaud, French artist (d. 1964)
  • 1886 Albert Ehrenstein, Austria writer (Message from the Madhouse)
  • 1888 Friedrich Wolf, German writer and diplomat, born in Neuwied, Germany (d. 1953)
  • 1896 Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa, Sicilian writer (Der Leopard)
  • 1900 Otto Soglow, American comics artist (d. 1975)
  • 1902 Norman Maclean, American author (d. 1990)
  • 1903 Michael Kalatozov, Russian producer (When the Cranes Fly)
  • 1907 Don McNeill, Galena Ill, host (Don McNeill TV Club)
  • 1907 Manuel Lopes, Cape Verdean writer and poet (d. 2005)
  • 1907 Avraham Stern, Polish-born Zionist leader (d. 1942)
  • 1908 Yousuf Karsh, portrait photographer (Life Magazine)
  • 1910 Kurt Meyer, German SS officer (d. 1961)
  • 1911 Niels Jerne, immunologist
  • 1918 Helmut Schmidt, Chancellor of West Germany (SPD, 1974- 82), born in Hamburg (d. 2015)
  • 1919 Kenneth M. Taylor, American pilot (d. 2006)
  • 1919 Peggy Fortnum, British Illustrator (first to draw Paddington Bear), born in London (d. 2016)
  • 1922 Ian Powell Bancroft, civil servant
  • 1923 Lucas M Mangope, 1st president of Bophuthatswana (1977-94)
  • 1926 Robert Bly, American poet/editor/translator (Loving a Woman in 2 Worlds)
  • 1929 Dick Weber, pro bowler (16, 300 games)
  • 1929 Charles R Bentley, American pioneer or polar science, born in Rochester, New York (d. 2017)
  • 1932 Tertius Metcalf, businessman
  • 1933 Akihito, emperor of Japan (1989- )
  • 1937 Karol Joseph Bobko, American Col USAF/astronaut (STS 6, STS 51D, STS 51J), born in NYC, New York
  • 1938 Bob Kahn, American Internet pioneer
  • 1940 Robert Labine, French-Canadian politician
  • 1943 Silvia Sommerlath, German wife of King Carl XVI of Sweden (1973- )
  • 1943 Stephen Wallace, director (For Love Affair, Hunger, Mail Order Bride)
  • 1943 Mikhail Gromov, Russian-born mathematician
  • 1944 D J D Dees, pharmacist/Dutch minister of WVC (VVD)
  • 1944 Wesley Clark, American military officer
  • 1947 Bill Rodgers, marathon runner (Boston, NY)
  • 1948 Leslie Moonves, American television executive
  • 1950 Michael C. Burgess, American politician
  • 1950 Ilchi Lee, Korean educator and author
  • 1952 William Kristol, American political commentator
  • 1953 Grand Duchess Maria Vladimirovna of Russia
  • 1955 Carol Ann Duffy, Scottish poet (British Poet Laureate 2009-), born in Glasgow
  • 1959 Geoff Willis, British engineer
  • 1960 Zindzi Mandela, daughter of Nelson & Winnie Mandela
  • 1963 Donna Tartt, American author
  • 1967 Tim Fountain, British playwright
  • 1970 Shannon Noelle DePuy, Miss Virg-America (1991-top 10), born in Lynchburg, Virginia
  • 1971 Tara Palmer-Tomkinson, British socialite, born in Hampshire (d. 2017)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1847 Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie Bowell (24) weds Harriet Moore

5th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie Bowell
5th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie Bowell

HeartWedding of Interest

1977 President of Chile Michelle Bachelet (26) weds architect Jorge Dávalos

President of Chile Michelle Bachelet
President of Chile
Michelle Bachelet

HeartWedding of Interest

1981 Astronaut Chris Hadfield (22) weds high-school girlfriend Helene Walter

Astronaut Chris Hadfield
Astronaut
Chris Hadfield

Deaths in History

  • 558 Childebert, king of France (511-58), dies at about 62
  • 679 Dagobert II, king of Austrasia (676-679), murdered
  • 910 Naum of Preslav, Bulgarian scholar
  • 918 Conrad I, East Frankish/German king (911-18), dies. Born 890
  • 1116 Ivo van Chartres, French canonist/bishop of Chartres/saint, dies
  • 1230 Berengaria of Navarre, queen of Richard I of England
  • 1236 Philippus Cancellarius, French theologist/poet (Summa Cum Laude), dies
  • 1502 Margaretha, English princess of Burgundy, dies at 57
  • 1556 Nicholas Udall, English playwright (b. 1504)
  • 1568 Roger Ascham, tutor of Elizabeth I of England
  • 1569 St Philip II, Metropolitan of Moscow, martyred by Ivan the Terrible
  • 1575 Akiyama Nobutomo, Japanese warrior (hanged) (b. 1531)
  • 1588 Hendrik de Guise, French leader of Catholic League, murdered at 37
  • 1619 Johan Sigismund, elector of Brandenburg/duke of Prussia, dies at 47
  • 1631 Michael Drayton, English poet (b. 1563)
  • 1646 François Maynard, French poet (b. 1582)
  • 1652 John Cotton, Mass Bay Puritan preacher, dies at 68
  • 1675 Caesar, duc de Choiseul, French marshal and diplomat (b. 1602)
  • 1722 Pierre Varignon, French mathematician (b. 1654)
  • 1761 Alestair Ruadh MacDonnell, Scottish Jacobite spy
  • 1771 Marie-Marguerite d'Youville, Canadian saint (b. 1701)
  • 1779 Augustus Hervey, 3rd Earl of Bristol, British admiral and politician (b. 1724)
  • 1789 Charles-Michel de l'Épée, French philanthropist (b. 1712)
  • 1793 Antoine François Prévost, French author and novelist (b. 1697)
  • 1795 Henry Clinton, British general (b. 1730)
  • 1805 Pehr Osbeck, Swedish explorer and naturalist (b. 1723)
  • 1834 Thomas Malthus, British economist and demographer (Law of Malthus), dies of heart disease at 68
  • 1846 Jean Baptiste Bory de Saint-Vincent, French naturalist (b. 1780)
  • 1912 Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist (b. 1850)
  • 1915 Roland Leighton, dies at 20
  • 1925 A S C Wallis, [Adele von Antal-Opzoomer], writer (Vorstengunst), dies
  • 1930 Johannes H Been, Brielle archivist, dies at 71
  • 1931 Wilson Bentley, American scientist (b. 1865)
  • 1938 Robert Herrick, American novelist (Chimes), dies at 70
  • 1939 Anthony H G Fokker, Dutch airplane builder (Spider), dies at 49
  • 1943 Theo[dorus J] Thijssen, Dutch writer (Kees de Jongen), dies at 64
  • 1945 Mogens Klitgaard, Danish author (Brunkul), dies at 39
  • 1946 John A. Sampson, American gynecologist (b. 1873)

BattleExecution

1948 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during WW II (1941-44), hanged for war crimes at 64

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • 1951 Benito Lynch, Irish-Argentine writer (Palo Verde), dies at 66
  • 1953 Lavrenti P Beria, soviet minister of internal security, executed
  • 1954 René Iché, French sculptor (b. 1897)
  • 1959 Edward FLW Halifax, English viscount/viceroy of India, dies at 78
  • 1959 Lord Irwin, ambassador to US (1940-46), dies at 78
  • 1961 Kurt Meyer, German SS officer (b. 1910)
  • 1962 George Saiko, Austrian writer, dies at 70
  • 1966 Hv Doderer, writer, dies at 70
  • 1967 Ruth Fuller Sasaki, head of 1st Zen Institute of America, dies at 75
  • 1972 Andrej N Tupolev, Russian aircraft builder, dies at 84
  • 1972 Charles Atlas, [Angelo Siciliano], body builder, dies at 79
  • 1972 Abraham Joshua Heschel, Polish-born Jewish American rabbi and theologian dies in New York aged 65
  • 1975 Richard S Welch, CIA station chief in Athens, shot dead
  • 1976 Paul M Frank Forest, dies at 80
  • 1976 Walter Bauer, German Canadian writer, dies at 72
  • 1979 Peggy Guggenheim, American art collector, dies at 81
  • 1983 Colin Middleton, Northern Irish artist (b. 1910)
  • 1984 Joan Lindsay, Australian author (b. 1896)
  • 1991 Rosa Jackson Lumpkin, among the oldest people in the world, dies at 115
  • 1994 Didier Rocher, son of French cosmetic maker Yves Rocher, dies at 41
  • 1995 David Land, impressario, dies at 77
  • 1997 Austin Whitaker, schoolmaster classical scholar/archivist, dies at 90
  • 1997 Brian Malzard Foss, psychologist, dies at 76
  • 1997 Donald Gunn MacRae, sociologist, dies at 76
  • 1997 Stanley Cortez, cinematographer (Magnificent Ambersons), dies at 89
  • 2001 Bola Ige, Nigerian politician (b. 1930)
  • 2004 P. V. Narasimha Rao, Prime Minister of India (b. 1921)
  • 2004 Anne Truitt, American artist dies aged 83
  • 2004 Peter Beazley, British politician (C) (European Parliament), dies at 82
  • 2007 William Francis Ganong, American physiologist (b. 1924)
  • 2009 Robert L. Howard, highly decorated officer of the United States Army (b. 1939)
  • 2009 Edward Schillebeeckx, Belgian Roman Catholic theologian (b. 1914)
  • 2009 Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme, Tibetan senior official (b. 1910)
  • 2010 K. Karunakaran, Indian politician (b. 1918)
  • 2010 Fred Hargesheimer, American World War II pilot (b. 1916)
  • 2013 Mikhail Timofeevich Kalashnikov, Russian general and inventor, dies at 94
  • 2015 Alfred G. Gilman, American scientist, (1994 Nobel Prize for G-protein discoveries), dies at 74
  • 2016 Piers J Sellers, English astronaut and climate scientist, dies of cancer at 61