On This Day in History for December 27

Events in History

  • 418 [Etalius] begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 537 The Hagia Sophia is inaugurated by the Emperor Justinian
  • 1437 Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes king of Bohemia
  • 1512 Spanish Crown issues the Laws of Burgos, governing the conduct of settlers with regards to native Indians in the New World
  • 1521 The "Zwickau Prophets" appear in Wittenberg
  • 1657 Flushing Remonstrance petition signed in the Dutch colony of New Netherland protesting ban on Quaker worship
  • 1679 Dutch troops capture Madurees prince Trunudjojo in Java
  • 1703 England & Portugal sign Methuen-Asiento-trade agreement
  • 1741 Prussian forces took Olmutz, Czechoslovakia
  • 1814 Destruction of schooner Carolina, the last of Commodore Daniel Patterson's make-shift fleet that fought a series of delaying actions that contributed to Andrew Jackson's victory at the Battle of New Orleans.
  • 1825 1st public railway using steam locomotive completed in England between Stockton and Darlington

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1831 HMS Beagle with Charles Darwin on board, departs England for a survey of South America

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1836 Worst English avalanche kills 8 of 15 buried (Lewes Sussex)
  • 1845 Ether 1st used in childbirth in US in Jefferson, Georgia
  • 1850 Hawaiian Fire Dept established
  • 1862 Battle of Chickasaw Bluffs, MS (Chickasaw Bayou)
  • 1862 Battle of Elizabethtown, KY
  • 1867 Ontario & Quebec legislatures hold 1st meeting
  • 1884 Netherlands recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
  • 1887 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle" (BG)
  • 1892 Foundation Stone of Cathedral of St John laid (NYC)
  • 1900 Carrie Nation's 1st public smashing of a bar (Carey Hotel, Wichita KS)
  • 1903 "Sweet Adeline", a barbershop quartet favorite, is first sung
  • 1904 'Peter Pan" by J. M. Barrie premieres at the Duke of York Theatre in London
  • 1904 W B Yeats/Lady Gregory's "On Baile's Strand" premieres in Dublin
  • 1905 M A Noble scores 281 (369 mins, 21 fours) NSW v Victoria
  • 1906 1st annual meeting of American Sociological Society, Providence, RI
  • 1915 US Iron and Steel workers begin a 3-week strike in Ohio for a eight-hour-day; they are successful as the US needs steel for armaments
  • 1918 The Great Poland Uprising against the Germans begins.
  • 1923 Unsuccessful assassination attempt on Prince Regent Hirohito of Japan
  • 1924 Albania is declared a dictatorship under Ahmed Beg Zofu
  • 1924 The US signs a treaty with the Dominican Republic, which supersedes that of 1907: in July, the Us had withdrawn its Marines and ended its occupation
  • 1926 Depot Square in Bronx renamed Botanical Square
  • 1926 Latkin Square in Bronx named for 1st US Jewish soldier to die in WW I
  • 1927 Jerome Kern/Oscar Hammerstein II's "Show Boat" premieres in NYC
  • 1927 Philip Barry's "Paris Bound" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 Stalin's faction wins All-Union Congress in USSR, Trotsky expelled

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin
  • 1934 1st youth hostel in US opens (Northfield, Mass)
  • 1934 Shah of Persia declares Persia now Iran
  • 1939 1st American skimobiles (North Conway, NH)
  • 1939 Between 20,000 & 40,000 die in magnitude 8 quake in Erzincam Turkey
  • 1941 Japan bombs Manila even though it was declared an "open city"
  • 1942 1st Japanese women camp (Ambarawa) goes into use
  • 1942 The Union of Pioneers of Yugoslavia is founded.
  • 1943 France transfers most of her powers in Lebanon to Lebanese government
  • 1943 German warship "Scharnhorst" sinks in Barents Sea

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 Montgomery discusses Overlord with Eisenhower & Bedell Smith

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1944 Greece: British premier Winston Churchill flies back to London
  • 1945 Arthur Laurent's "Home of the Brave" premieres in NYC
  • 1945 International Monetary Fund formally established by 29 member countries
  • 1945 The World Bank was created with the signing of an agreement by 28 nations.
  • 1949 Queen Juliana of the Netherlands grants independence to Indonesia
  • 1960 France performs nuclear test
  • 1961 Belgium & Congo resume diplomatic relations
  • 1968 Apollo 8 returns to Earth
  • 1968 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1972 Belgium recognizes German DR
  • 1972 New North Korean constitution comes into effect
  • 1974 FSLN seizes government hostages at a private Managua party
  • 1974 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1975 Explosion at Chasnala Colliery collapses drowning 350 (Dhanbad India)
  • 1976 Albania constitution goes into effect
  • 1978 King Juan Carlos ratifies Spain's 1st democratic constitution
  • 1978 Spain becomes a democracy after 40 years of dictatorship.
  • 1979 Soviet troops invade Afghanistan, President Hafizullah Amin overthrown
  • 1981 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1982 Imran Khan 8-60 to bring innings victory v India at Karachi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1983 Pope John Paul II pardons man who shot him (Mehmet Ali Agca)

264th Pope John Paul II
264th Pope
John Paul II
  • 1983 Propane gas fire devastated 16 blocks of Buffalo
  • 1987 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1988 Bulgaria stops jamming Radio Free Europe after more than 3 decades
  • 1992 13th United Negro College Fund raises $11,000,000
  • 1993 Dow-Jones hits record 3792.93
  • 1996 Carquest Bowl 7: Miami beats Virginia, 31-21
  • 1996 Taliban forces retake the strategic Bagram air base which solidifies their buffer zone around Kabul.
  • 1997 Protestant paramilitary leader Billy Wright is assassinated in Northern Ireland.
  • 2001 The People's Republic of China is granted permanent normal trade relations with the United States.
  • 2002 Two truck bombs kill 72 and wound 200 at the pro-Moscow headquarters of the Chechen government in Grozny, Chechnya.
  • 2004 Radiation from an explosion on the magnetar SGR 1806-20 reaches Earth. It is the brightest extrasolar event known to have been witnessed on the planet.

MurderAssassination

2007 Former Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto is assassinated by a suicide bomber.

Pakistani Politican Benazir Bhutto
Pakistani Politican
Benazir Bhutto
  • 2012 NASA unveils plans to capture a 500 ton asteroid in 2025
  • 2013 29 people are killed after a bus plunged off the Huay Tong Bridge, Thailand
  • 2015 Iraqi forces retake IS held city of Ramadi (ISIS first captured in May)

Birthdays in History

  • 1390 Anne de Mortimer, claimant to the English throne (d. 1411)
  • 1555 Johann Arndt, German Lutherian theologist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1571 Johannes Kepler, German astronomer (planetary Motion), born in Weil der Stadt, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1630)

Astronomer Johannes Kepler
Astronomer
Johannes Kepler
  • 1645 Giovanni Adb Viscardi, Swiss architect, baptized
  • 1654 Jean/Jacobus Bernouilli, Swiss mathematician
  • 1683 Conyers Middleton, English minister (d. 1750)
  • 1709 Pieter de Swart, Dutch architect (Royal Palace, Hague)
  • 1715 Philippe de Noailles, duc de Mouchy, French soldier (d. 1794)
  • 1717 Pope Pius VI [Count Giovanni Angelo Braschi] Italian Pope (1775-1799), born in Cesena (d. 1799)
  • 1721 Franciscus "French" Hemsterhuis, Frisian philosopher
  • 1755 Antons Klemens Theodor, king of Saksen (1827-36)
  • 1761 Michael A Barclay de Tolly, Scot/Russ minister of War
  • 1773 George Cayley, England, found science of aerodynamics
  • 1776 Nikolay Kamensky, Russian general (d. 1811)
  • 1796 Mirza Ghalib, Indian poet (d. 1869)
  • 1801 Guillaume L Baud, Dutch minister of Colonies (1848-49)
  • 1802 Thomas Fearnley, Norway, landscape painter
  • 1803 John ACA van Nispen Sevenaer, Member of Dutch 2nd parliament (1848-75)
  • 1814 James Henry Carleton, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1873)
  • 1816 Eliakim Parker Scammon, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1894)
  • 1821 Jane Wilde, Irish poet, nationalist and mother of Oscar Wilde, born in Wexford (d. 1896)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1822 Louis Pasteur, French bacteriologist (pasteurization), born in Dole, France (d. 1895)

Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur
Bacteriologist
Louis Pasteur

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1823 Mackenzie Bowell, 5th Prime Minister of Canada (1894-96), born in Rickinghall, England (d. 1917)

5th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie Bowell
5th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie Bowell
  • 1829 James Clay Rice, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1864)
  • 1831 Lucius Fairchild, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1896)
  • 1832 Pavel Tretyakov, Russian businessman and patron of art, born in Moscow (d. 1897)
  • 1836 Henricus Oort, Dutch theologist (Leidse translation)
  • 1855 Paul Ehrenreich, German etnologist/mythologist
  • 1864 René Georges Hermann-Paul, French artist (d. 1940)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1883 Cyrus S. Eaton, Canadian-American financier, industrialist and steel magnate, born in Cumberland County, Nova Scotia (d. 1979)

Steel Magnate Cyrus S. Eaton
Steel Magnate
Cyrus S. Eaton
  • 1892 Alfred Edwin McKay, Canadian World War One flying ace (d. 1917)
  • 1896 Carl Zuckmayer, German/Swiss/US playwright
  • 1896 Ewan Calague, economist/statistician (Social Security Board)
  • 1896 Louis Bromfield, Mansfield Ohio, writer (Early Autumn, Pulitzer-1926)
  • 1897 Iwan S Konew, Russ marshal/supreme commander pact of Warsaw
  • 1906 Ivan Mark Waller, mountaineer
  • 1907 Emile de Strijker, Belgian philosopher
  • 1907 Sebastian Haffner, German journalist and writer (d. 1999)
  • 1907 Conrad L. Raiford, Goodwill Ambassador (d. 2002)
  • 1908 Louis JHCA de Bourbon, Dutch writer/poet (Black Banners)
  • 1910 Jack Massey, groundsman
  • 1910 Charles Olson, American poet (d. 1970)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1913 Elizabeth Smart, Canadian author (By Grand Central Station I Sat Down and Wept), born in Ottawa, Ontario

  • 1914 Giuseppe Berto, Italian writer (Heaven Sees Red)
  • 1914 Ivan Sutton, British concert promoter
  • 1915 William Howell Masters, sex author/physician
  • 1916 Werner Baumbach, German bomber pilot (d. 1953)
  • 1917 Earl of Inchcape, English large landowner/industrialist (P&O)
  • 1917 Onni Palaste, Finnish writer
  • 1918 John Celardo, American comic strip artist
  • 1922 Larry Osborne, navigator air traffic controller/supply specialist
  • 1924 James A McClure, (Sen-R-Idaho)
  • 1924 Mokta Ould Daddah, president Mauritania (1961-78)
  • 1924 Wouter Eijkelemboom, Dutch architect (Holy-hospital, Vlaardingen)
  • 1927 Antony Gardner, British politician
  • 1930 Meg Greenfield, US politician(?)
  • 1930 Wilfrid Sheed, England, writer (Boys of Winter, Hack)
  • 1951 William Waldorf 4th viscount Astor/English large landowner
  • 1951 Ernesto Zedillo, President of Mexico
  • 1952 Jay Hill, Canadian politician
  • 1955 Barbara Olson, American political commentator (d. 2001)
  • 1958 Steffen Mensching, writer
  • 1959 Gerina Dunwich, American author
  • 1962 Barbara Crampton, actress (Body Double, Young & Restless), born in Levittown,New York
  • 1963 Gaspar Noé, Argentinian-born director
  • 1965 Chris Mainwaring, Australian rules footballer (d. 2007)
  • 1966 Fabian Núñez, American politician
  • 1966 Wendy Coakley-Thompson, American writer
  • 1969 Sarah Vowell, American author and journalist
  • 1973 Dee Ferris, British painter

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1925 Inventor George Gallup (24) weds Ophelia Smith Miller

Inventor of the Gallup Poll George Gallup
Inventor of the Gallup Poll
George Gallup

HeartWedding of Interest

1953 Broadcasting pioneer Roone Arledge (22) weds Joan Heise at St. Frances de Chantal Parish in Wantagh, New York

Sports Broadcasting Pioneer and President of ABC Sports Roone Arledge
Sports Broadcasting Pioneer and President of ABC Sports
Roone Arledge

Deaths in History

  • 418 Zosimus, Greek Pope (417-8), dies
  • 975 Balderik, bishop of Utrecht (918-75), dies
  • 1065 Ferdinand I, the Great, king of Castile, dies
  • 1076 Prince Svyatoslav II of Kiev (b. 1027)
  • 1381 Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March, English politician
  • 1548 Francesco Spiera, Italian Protestant jurist (b. 1502)
  • 1590 Emmanuel-Philibert of Lalaing, marquis of Renty, dies at 33
  • 1603 Thomas Cartwright, English Presbyterian publicist, dies at about 68
  • 1631 John Pijnas, Dutch painter, buried at about 47
  • 1641 Francois van d'Aerssen, ruler of Sommelsdijk/diplomat, dies at 69
  • 1707 Jean Mabillon, French palaeograopher and diplomat (b. 1632)
  • 1737 William Bowyer, English printer (b. 1663)
  • 1743 Hyacinthe Rigaud, French painter (b. 1659)
  • 1771 Henri Pitot, French engineer (b. 1695)
  • 1782 Henry Home, Lord Kames, Scottish philosopher (b. 1697)
  • 1800 Hugh Blair, Scottish preacher and man of letters (b. 1718)
  • 1805 Belle van Zuylen, Dutch-Swiss writer (Trois Femmes), dies at 65
  • 1812 Shneur Zalman of Liadi, Lithuanian rabbi and founder of Chabad Hasidism (b. 1745)
  • 1812 Joanna Southcott, an English self-described religious prophetess.
  • 1834 Charles Lamb, English essayist (b. 1775)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1836 Stephen Fuller Austin, founder of the US State of Texas, dies at 43

Founder of Texas Stephen F. Austin
Founder of Texas
Stephen F. Austin
  • 1877 Nikolai A Nekrasov, Russian poet (Metshty into Zvuki), dies at 56
  • 1896 John Brown, British manufacturer (b. 1816)
  • 1900 William Armstrong, of Cragside, British inventor and industrialist ( hydraulic accumulator), dies at 90
  • 1914 Charles Martin Hall, American chemist and inventor (b. 1863)
  • 1919 Theodoor H de Meester, Dutch lib premier (1905-08), dies at 68

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1923 Gustave Eiffel [Alexandre], engineer (Eiffel Tower), dies at 91

Engineer and Achitect Gustave Eiffel
Engineer and Achitect
Gustave Eiffel
  • 1924 William Archer, Scottish critic/playwright (Green Goddess), dies at 68
  • 1925 Louis Dosfel, Flemish lawyer/literary (Assault!), dies at 44
  • 1925 Sergei Yesenin, Russian poet (b. 1895)
  • 1936 Hans von Seeckt, German Gen/advisor of Chiang Kai-shek, dies at 70
  • 1938 Emile Vandervelde, President (1900–1918) of the International Socialist Bureau and Minister of 3 Belgian governments dies at 72
  • 1938 O Mandelstam, writer, dies
  • 1938 Calvin Bridges, American geneticist (b. 1889)
  • 1950 Max Beckmann, German painter/graphic artist, dies at 66
  • 1952 Henri G Winkelman, Dutch supreme commander army/navy 1940, dies at 76
  • 1952 Patrick Joseph Hartigan, Australian Roman Catholic priest (b. 1878)
  • 1953 Julian Tuwim, Polish poet (b. 1894)
  • 1955 Alfred Francis Blakeney Carpenter, English soldier (b. 1881)
  • 1956 Lambert McKenna, Irish editor and lexicographer. (b. 1870)
  • 1959 Alfonso Reyes, Mexican poet/historian/diplomat, dies at 70
  • 1965 Edgar Ende, German painter (b. 1901)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1972 Lester B. Pearson, 14th Canadian Prime Minister (Nobel 1957), dies at 75

Prime Minister of Canada Lester B. Pearson
Prime Minister of Canada
Lester B. Pearson
  • 1974 Amy Vanderbilt, American authority on etiquette, dies of multiple fractures of the skull at 66
  • 1978 Houari Boumédienne, President of Algeria (b. 1932)
  • 1979 Hafizullah Amin, president of Afghanistan (1979), murdered
  • 1982 John Leonard Swigert Jr, astronaut (Apollo 13), dies of cancer at 51
  • 1985 Dian Fossey, American zoologist (Gorillas in the Mist), murdered in Rwanda
  • 1987 Rewi Alley, NZ author, pro Chinese communist, dies at 90 in Beijing
  • 1987 Geoffrey D Lloyd, Chairman of the guild of British Newspaper editors (b. 1933)
  • 1988 Hall Ashby, US director (Shampoo, 8 Million Ways to Die), dies at 59
  • 1991 W Hudson, US "strongest man to the world" (540 kg), dies
  • 1992 Jan Peeters, Dutch watercolorist/monument artist, dies
  • 1992 Kay Boyle, American writer (Scottsboro: An American Tragedy), dies at 90
  • 1993 Youssef Sebti, Algerian scholar/poet, murdered at 50
  • 1994 Hans Berghuis, author/poet (Kleitabletten), dies at 70
  • 1994 Karl AF Schiller, West German economist/SPD-minister, dies at 83
  • 1994 Sadi de Gorter, Dutch author/diplomat (Abscess), dies at 82
  • 1994 J. B. L. Reyes, Filipino jurist (b. 1902)
  • 1997 Brendan Gill, American critic (The New Yorker), dies at 83
  • 1997 Dorothy Stroud, garden historian, dies at 87
  • 1997 Ewart G Abner Jr, president (Motown Records), dies at 74
  • 1997 Tom Hudson, artist/teacher, dies at 75
  • 1997 Billy Wright, Irish Protestant paramilitary leader (b. 1960)
  • 2005 William Doody, Canadian politician (b. 1931)

MurderAssassination

2007 Benazir Bhutto, former Prime Minister of Pakistan is assassinated at 54

Pakistani Politican Benazir Bhutto
Pakistani Politican
Benazir Bhutto
  • 2007 Jaan Kross, Estonian writer (b. 1920)
  • 2012 Valentin Boreyko, Russian rower, dies at 79
  • 2012 Norman Schwarzkopf, Jr, US Army General, dies from complications from pneumonia at 78
  • 2015 Haskell Wexler, American cinematographer and director, dies at 93