On This Day in History for December 28

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 128

  • 418 St Boniface I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 801 Louis the Vrome occupies Barcelona
  • 1065 Westminster Abbey in London consecrated
  • 1308 The reign of Emperor Hanazono, emperor of Japan, begins.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1612 First observation of Neptune - Galileo observes and records a "fixed star" without realising it is a planet

Astronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer & Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1614 Sperm whale beached at Noordwijk
  • 1732 1st known ad for "Poor Richard's Almanack" (Pennsylvania Gazette)
  • 1767 King Taksin crowned King of Thailand and establishes Thonburi as his capital
  • 1816 American Colonization Society organizes
  • 1821 Naples: Gioacchini Rossini moves to Bologna
  • 1828 6.8 earthquake strikes Echigo Japan, 30,000 killed

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1832 John C. Calhoun becomes 1st VP to resign (differences with President Jackson)

Politician John C. Calhoun
Politician
John C. Calhoun
  • 1836 Spain recognizes independence of Mexico
  • 1836 Proclamation of South Australia as a British Province. Formal proclamation was read out in what is now the Adelaide suburb of Glenelg North by Captain (later Rear Admiral, Governor, Sir) John Hindmarsh
  • 1846 Iowa becomes 29th state the Union
  • 1849 M Jolly-Bellin discovers dry-cleaning, he accidentally upset lamp containing turpentine & oil on his clothing & sees cleaning effect
  • 1850 Rangoon, Burma, destroyed by fire

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1860 Harriet Tubman arrives in Auburn NewcYork, on her last mission to free slaves, having evaded capture for 8 years on the Underground Railroad

Abolitionist Harriet Tubman
Abolitionist
Harriet Tubman
  • 1864 Battle of Egypt Station, MS
  • 1867 United States claims Midway Island, the first territory annexed outside Continental limits.
  • 1869 William Finley Semple of Mount Vernon, Ohio, patents chewing gum
  • 1877 John Stevens, applies for a patent for his flour rolling mill
  • 1878 Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Quod apostolici muneris (socialism)
  • 1879 North British Railway's train falls as Tay bridge collapses (Scotland)
  • 1893 French lieutenant Boiteux annexes Tumbuktu
  • 1897 Edmond Rostand's "Cyrano de Bergerac" premieres in Paris
  • 1902 1st indoor pro football game, Syracuse beats Philadelphia 6-0 (Madison Square Garden, NYC)
  • 1902 Trans-Pacific cable links Hawaii to US
  • 1903 Clyde Fitch's "Glad of It" premieres in NYC
  • 1904 1st daily wireless weather forecasts published (London)
  • 1905 NSW all out for 805 vs Victoria, win by innings & 253
  • 1906 Ecuador adopts its second liberal constitution
  • 1908 Earthquake strikes Messina, Italy, killing nearly 80,000
  • 1912 National Council of Young Israel convenes
  • 1912 SF Municipal Railway starts operation at Geary St (MUNI)
  • 1912 The first municipally owned streetcars take to the streets in San Francisco, California.
  • 1914 Turks are repulsed by the Russians after fighting in Armenia for weeks
  • 1915 SF City Hall dedicated by Mayor James Rolph
  • 1915 Today the British Cabinet recognizes the true nature of the war by deciding to institute compulsory military service, with single men to be conscripted before married ones
  • 1921 The beginning of the Rand Rebellion in Southern Africa; the rebellion started as a strike by white mineworkers on and became an open armed rebellion against the state

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1923 George Bernard Shaw's "St Joan" premieres in NYC

  • 1926 Arthur Mailey takes 4-362 off 64 overs (no maidens) NSW v Vic
  • 1926 Imperial Airways begins England-India mail & passenger service
  • 1926 Ponsford scores 352 & Ryder 295 against NSW
  • 1926 Victoria all out for 1107 against NSW at the MCG Crowd 22,348

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 George Kaufman & Moss Hart's "Royal Family" premieres in NYC

Playwright Moss Hart
Playwright
Moss Hart

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1931 Lin-Sen succeeds Chiang Kai-shek as President of Nanjing-China

Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek
Chinese Military and Political Leader
Chiang Kai-shek
  • 1935 W P A Federal Art Project Gallery opens in NYC
  • 1935 Pravda publishes a letter by Pavel Postyshev, who revives New Year tree tradition in the Soviet Union.
  • 1937 Fascist Octavian Goga becomes PM of Romania/begins spread of Judaism
  • 1941 State of siege goes into effect in Bohemia/Moravia
  • 1942 Oberkommando Wehrmacht orders strategist flight out of Kaukasus
  • 1942 Robert Sullivan becomes 1st pilot to fly Atlantic 100 times
  • 1943 All Kalmyk inhabitants of the Republic of Kalmukkie deported by the Soviet Union to Central Asia and Siberia. Many die en route.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 Eisenhower & Montgomery meet in Hasselt, Belgium

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1945 Congress officially recognizes "Pledge of Allegiance"
  • 1948 IDF crosses Egyptian border
  • 1948 Middel-Java as a whole in Dutch hands
  • 1948 US announced a study to launch an Earth satellite
  • 1948 The DC-3 airliner NC16002 disappears 50 miles south of Miami, Florida.
  • 1950 Chinese troops cross 38th Parallel, into South Korea
  • 1950 The Peak District becomes the United Kingdom's first National Park.
  • 1957 USSR performs atmospheric nuclear test

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Tennessee Williams' "Night of the Iguana" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • 1962 UN troops occupies Elizabethstad Katanga
  • 1964 Premier of Dmitri Sjostakovitch' Stefan Rasin
  • 1964 Principal filming on film "Doctor Zhivago" begins
  • 1966 13 die in a train crash in Everett Mass
  • 1966 China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
  • 1967 Muriel Siebert is 1st woman to own a seat on NY Stock Exchange
  • 1968 Israeli assault on Beirut Airport

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1969 Neil Simon's "Last of the Red Hot Lovers" premieres in NYC

Playwright and screenwriter Neil Simon
Playwright and screenwriter
Neil Simon
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1969 Dallas Cowboy kicker Mike Clark, attempting an on-side kick against Cleveland, missed the ball
  • 1970 Yemen Arab Republic (North Yemen) adopts constitution
  • 1971 Hashish now falls under the Dutch Opium Law (Opiumwet)
  • 1972 Kim Il-song, becomes president of North Korea
  • 1972 Martin Bormanns skeleton found in Berlin (Hitlers deputy)
  • 1972 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1972 2 people are killed in a Loyalist bomb attack on the village of Belturbet, County Cavan, Republic of Ireland
  • 1973 US President Nixon signs Endangered Species Act into law
  • 1973 Akron Ohio's Chamber of Commerce terminates itself from Soap Box Derby
  • 1973 Alexander Solzhenitsyn publishes "Gulag Archipelago" - a literary investigation of the police-state system in the Soviet Union
  • 1973 Comet Kohoutek at perihelion
  • 1974 6.3 earthquake strikes Pakistan: 5200 killed
  • 1974 Senegalese marxist group Reenu-Rew founds the political movement And-Jëf at a clandestine congress.
  • 1975 Earthquake in Pakistan, 4,000 die
  • 1976 Genie Francis joins "General Hospital" as Laura Vining
  • 1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1976 Winnie Mandela banished in South Africa
  • 1980 Mexico terminated fishing agreements with US
  • 1981 Cleveland Metroparks Administrative offices move from downtown to Zoo
  • 1981 Warner-Elektra-Atlantic raises price of 45 records from $1.68 to $1.98
  • 1981 1st American test-tube baby, Elizabeth Jordan Carr is born in Norfolk, Virginia
  • 1983 US say they will leave UNESCO on Dec 31, 1984
  • 1983 Warren Cromartie signs 3 year $2.5M contract with Yomiuri Giants
  • 1984 Creosote bush determined to be 11,700 years old
  • 1984 Rajiv Gandhi's Congress party wins election in India
  • 1984 TV soap "Edge of Night" ends 28 year run
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR

Birthdays in History

  • 1164 Emperor Rokujō of Japan (d. 1176)
  • 1484 Joachim Vadianus, [von Watt], Swiss physician/mayor of Sankt Gallen
  • 1522 Margaret of Austria, regent of the Netherlands (d. 1583)
  • 1619 Antoine Furetière, French writer (d. 1688)
  • 1631 Ludolf Backhuysen, Dutch seascape painter/cartoonist
  • 1635 Princess Elizabeth of England (d. 1650)
  • 1655 Charles Cornwallis, 3rd Baron Cornwallis, First Lord of the British Admiralty (d. 1698)
  • 1665 George FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Northumberland, British general (d. 1716)
  • 1763 John Molson, founded Montreal brewery (Molsons)
  • 1778 Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (d. 1846)
  • 1787 Hermanus J Abbring, Dutch writer/engineer on Curacao
  • 1801 James Barnes, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1869)
  • 1822 William Booth Taliaferro, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1898)
  • 1823 Thomas Alexander Scott, Asst Secy War (Union), (d. 1881)
  • 1826 Conrad Busken Huet, Dutch vicar/literary (Country of Rubens)
  • 1827 Robert Latimer McCook, volunteers Brigadier General (Union), (d. 1862)
  • 1828 Karl L Kahlbaum, German psychiatrist (katatonie)
  • 1833 Charles Miller Shelley, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1907)
  • 1835 Archibald Geikie, British geologist
  • 1849 Herbert von Bismarck, German politician/son of Otto of Bismarck

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1856 [Thomas] Woodrow Wilson, Staunton Va, 28th (D) US President (1913-21), Nobel Peace Prize 1919

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1859 John W Fortescue, military historian
  • 1865 Félix E Vallotton, Switz/French painter/writer (Chaste Suzanna)
  • 1866 Szymon Askenazy, Polish historian and diplomat (d. 1935)
  • 1868 Marie van Regteren Altena, Dutch painter (Amsterdam's Joffers)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1872 Pío Baroja y Nessi, Spanish Basque writer, author of over 100 novels (The Struggle for Life, Zalacain the Adventurer), born in San Sebastián, Basque Country (d. 1956)

Spanish Writer Pío Baroja
Spanish Writer
Pío Baroja
  • 1880 Christian DFL Leipoldt, South african physician/writer/poet
  • 1882 Arthur Eddington, England, astrophysicist/cosmologist/mathematician
  • 1883 Alfred Wolfenstein, German writer (d. 1945)
  • 1884 Joseph Pholien, Belgian premier (1950-52)/communist hunter
  • 1889 Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau
  • 1894 Andre de Meulemeester, Belgian WW I pilot (Eagle of Flanders)
  • 1898 Carl-Gustaf Rossby, Swedish meteorologist (d. 1957)
  • 1898 Shigematsu Sakaibara, Japanese admiral (d. 1947)
  • 1902 Mortimer J Adler, American author (Encyclopedia Brittanica), born in NYC, New York
  • 1902 Shen Congwen, Chinese writer (Long River), born in Zhen'gan, Hunan Province (d. 1988)
  • 1903 John von Neumann, mathematician/astronomer (Bocher Award 1938)
  • 1904 Clabon W Allen, Australian/British astronomer
  • 1904 Sergei Yutkevich, director (Otello, Banya), born in St Petersburg, Russia
  • 1905 Gajapatairaj Vijaya Ananda the Rajkumar of Vizianagram (Ind)
  • 1909 Nikola J Vaptsarov, Bulgaria poet (Subrani Sutsjinenija)
  • 1917 Ellis Clarke, president Trinidad & Tobago (1976-87)
  • 1920 Bruce McCarty, South Bend, Indiana, architect (1982 World Fair), (d. 2013)
  • 1922 Stan Lee, comics artist/creator (Spider-Man, Incredible Hulk)
  • 1924 Milton Obote, President of Uganda (d. 2005)
  • 1925 Bill [William] Westwood, British bishop of Peterborough
  • 1927 Anne Armstrong, US ambassador and first female counsel to the President, born in New Orleans, Louisiana, (d. 2008)
  • 1927 Simon Raven, English playwright/critic (Alms for Oblivion)
  • 1929 Maarten Schmidt, Neth/US astronomer (quasars)
  • 1929 Owen Bieber, United Auto Workers president
  • 1931 Georg "Org" Marais, South African economist/underminister of Finance
  • 1931 Guy Debord, situationist
  • 1932 Clem Schouwenaars, Flemish poet/writer
  • 1932 Manuel Puig, Argentina, writer (Blood of Requited Love)
  • 1932 Roy Hattersley, British journalist/Labour-parliament leader
  • 1932 Dhirubhai Ambani, Indian businessman (d. 2002)
  • 1933 John Y. Brown, Jr., American politician
  • 1934 John Akers, business executive
  • 1935 Fernando Lopes, Portugal, director (Encoberto, Matar Saudades)
  • 1936 Jacques Mesrine, French criminal (d. 1979)
  • 1936 Lawrence Schiller, American journalist
  • 1937 Ratan Tata, Indian industrialist
  • 1938 Janet Hough Bryant, author/performing artist/educator
  • 1939 Philip Anschutz, American businessman
  • 1941 Don Francisco, Spanish variety show host (Sabado Gigante)
  • 1942 Paul Horowitz, American physicist, META project (Sloan Award 1971-3), born in NYC, New York
  • 1943 David Peterson, premier of Ontario Canada (L) (1982- ), born in Toronto, Ontario
  • 1943 Oscar D Dhlomo, South African sect-gen of Inkatha (1978-90)
  • 1944 Johnny Isakson, American politician
  • 1944 Kary Mullis, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1945 Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva, King of Nepal (1972- )
  • 1945 Max Hastings, British editor-in-chief (Daily Telegraph)
  • 1946 Tim Johnson, American politician, senior senator from South Dakota
  • 1951 Ian Buruma, Anglo-Dutch scholar and writer on Japan and the Far East.
  • 1952 Arun Jaitley, Indian Politician
  • 1958 Carl Marsden, bodyguard
  • 1962 Melissa R. Kelly, former Maryland politician
  • 1965 Martine Robine, newspaper writer/Miss Junior Miss-France (1984)
  • 1965 Mary Waddell Gainey, Hartsville SC, Miss SC-America (1991-2nd)
  • 1967 Chris Ware, American cartoonist
  • 1968 Jennifer Palmquest, Wilmot SD, Miss SD-America (1991)
  • 1969 Linus Torvalds, Finnish computer programmer
  • 1971 Frank Sepe, American bodybuilder
  • 1981 Elizabeth Jordan Carr, 1st American test tube baby, born in Norfolk, Virginia
  • 1982 Cedric Benson, American footballer
  • 1982 Quinton Porter, American footballer
  • 1985 Kamani Hill, American footballer

Weddings in History

  • 1936 British best-selling romantic author Barbara Cartland (35) marries 2nd husband Hugh McCorquodale
  • 1994 Billy Ray Cyrus (Achy Breaky Heart) weds Leticia Finley

Divorces in History


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

2012 Astronaut Buzz Aldrin (82) divorces Lois Driggs Cannon due to irreconcilable differences after 23 years of marriage

Astronaut Buzz Aldrin
Astronaut
Buzz Aldrin

Deaths in History

  • 300 Theonas, Patriarch of Alexandria
  • 1367 Ashikaga Yoshiakira, Japanese shogun (b. 1330)
  • 1446 Clement VIII, (Sanchez Muñoz), Spanish anti-pope (1423-29), dies
  • 1503 Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici, ruler of Florence (b. 1471)
  • 1542 Albert Pigge, [Pighius], Dutch theologist/astronomer, dies at about 52
  • 1622 Francois de Sales, French bishop of Geneva/writer/saint, dies at 55
  • 1663 Francesco Maria Grimaldi, Italian mathematician and physicist (b. 1618)
  • 1671 Johann Friedrich Gronovius, German classical scholar (b. 1611)
  • 1673 Joan Blaeu, Dutch cartographer/publisher (Atlas Major), dies at 77
  • 1694 Mary II, Queen of England, dies after 5 years of rule at 32 [NS=Jan 7]
  • 1703 Mustafa II, Ottoman Sultan (b. 1664)
  • 1706 Pierre Bayle, French theologist (History of Criticism), dies at 59
  • 1708 Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, French botanist (b. 1656)
  • 1715 William Carstares, Scottish minister (b. 1649)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1734 Rob Roy, Scottish folk hero and outlaw, dies at 63

Folk Hero and Outlaw Rob Roy
Folk Hero and Outlaw
Rob Roy
  • 1772 Ernst J earl van/of Biron, Russian duke of Courland, dies at 82
  • 1775 Peter A van de Parra, gov-gen of (Neth Indies), dies at 61
  • 1793 Louis earl of Bylandt, Dutch admiral, dies at about 75
  • 1795 Eugenio Espejo, Ecuadorian scientist (b. 1747)
  • 1859 Thomas Babington Macaulay, English essayist/historian, dies
  • 1860 Cornelius Broere, Dutch RC clergyman/poet, dies at 57
  • 1870 Peter van Schendel, Dutch painter, dies at 64
  • 1872 James Van Ness, Mayor of San Francisco (1855-1856) (b. 1808)
  • 1884 Gerben Colmjon, Frisian linguist/publisher, dies at 56
  • 1897 Rev. William Corby, American Catholic priest (b. 1833)
  • 1900 Alexandre Alberto da Rocha de Serpa Pinto, Portuguese explorer (b. 1846)
  • 1903 George [Robert] Gissing, English novelist, dies at 46
  • 1915 Gerrit Jan van Heek, Dutch textile manufacturer/politician, dies at 78
  • 1917 Alfred Edwin McKay, Canadian World War One flying ace (b. 1892)
  • 1918 George H White, last post Reconstruction congressman (Penn), dies
  • 1918 Olavo Bilac, Brazilian poet (b. 1865)
  • 1919 Johannes Rydberg, Swedish physicist (b. 1854)
  • 1924 Léon Bakst, Russian artist (b. 1866)
  • 1935 Clarence Day, writer (Life with Father), dies
  • 1944 Cornelia ten Boom is accidentally released from Ravensbruck
  • 1945 Theodore Dreiser, novelist (An American Tragedy), dies at 74
  • 1947 Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy (1900-46), dies at 78
  • 1948 Mahmud Nokrashy Pasha, PM of Egypt (19..-48), assassinated
  • 1949 W Hervey Allen, US writer/poet (Anthony Adverse), dies at 60
  • 1956 Roelof Kranenburg, Dutch social democratic party-chairman, dies at 76
  • 1959 Ante Pavelić, leader of Nazi Germany puppet Independent State of Croatia (b. 1889)
  • 1961 Edith Bolling Galt Wilson, 1st lady (1915-21), dies at 89
  • 1963 Abbott Joseph Liebling, American journalist/writer, dies
  • 1967 Béla Schick, Hung/US children's physician (Scarlet Fever), dies at 90
  • 1967 Katharine McCormick, American women's rights activist (b. 1875)
  • 1970 L Mendel Rivers, (Rep-D-SC), dies at 65
  • 1976 Katharine Byron, American politician (b. 1903)
  • 1978 Harry Winston, US jeweler for the "rich & famous", dies at 82
  • 1980 Jersey calf, lived 222 days with an artificial heart
  • 1984 Sam Peckinpah, director, dies of cardiac arrest at 59
  • 1986 Andrei Tarkovsky, dies
  • 1986 Louis van Lint, Belgian painter, dies at 77
  • 1987 Charles Malik, Lebanon's 1st delegate to UN, dies at 81
  • 1988 Hal Ashby, academy-award winning director, dies of cancer at 59
  • 1989 Hermann Oberth, German physicist (b. 1894)
  • 1990 Ed van der Elsken, Dutch photographer (Sweet Life), dies at 65
  • 1990 Lucas Polhaupessy, Moluccan leader, dies
  • 1993 William L Shirer, writer (Rise & Fall of 3rd Reich), dies at 89
  • 1994 Julian Belfrage, theatre agent, dies at 60
  • 1995 Harold Francis Collison, trade unionist, dies at 84
  • 1997 James Lees-Milne, English writer and architectural historian, dies at 89
  • 2001 Samuel A. Goldblith, American food scientist (b. 1919)
  • 2001 William X. Kienzle, American novelist (b. 1928)
  • 2003 Benjamin Hacker, American admiral (b. 1935)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2004 Susan Sontag, American writer, dies from Myelodysplastic syndrome at 71

Author Susan Sontag
Author
Susan Sontag
  • 2006 Jamal Karimi-Rad, Iranian Minister of Justice (b. 1956)
  • 2007 Aidin Nikkhah Bahrami, Iran national basketball team player (b. 1982)
  • 2012 Jayne Cortez, African-American poet, dies at 76
  • 2015 Ian Murdock, German-born American computer programmer (Debian project, Progeny Linux Systems), dies at 42