On This Day in History for December 29

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 108


MurderAssassination

1170 Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury is assassinated inside Canterbury Cathedral by followers of King Henry II; subsequently martryed

Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Becket
Archbishop of Canterbury
Thomas Becket
  • 1503 Battle of Garigliano: Spanish army under General Cordoba defeats French forces
  • 1539 St Jacob's Church burns after being hit by lightning
  • 1541 Isabella of Poland & King Ferdinand of Austria sign Treaty of Gyalu

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1558 Charles V, King of Spain and Holy Roman Emperor, buried in El Escorial, San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1705 Prosper Jolyot's "Idomenée," premieres in Paris
  • 1708 Great Alliance occupies Gent
  • 1778 British troops occupy Savannah, Georgia
  • 1782 1st nautical almanac in US published by Samuel Stearns, Boston
  • 1786 French Revolution: The Assembly of Notables is convoked
  • 1812 The USS Constitution under the command of Captain William Bainbridge, captures the HMS Java off the coast of Brazil after a three hour battle.
  • 1813 British burn Buffalo, New York during War of 1812
  • 1835 The Treaty of New Echota is signed, ceding all the lands of the Cherokee east of the Mississippi River to the United States
  • 1837 Canadian militia destroy Caroline, a US steamboat docked at Buffalo
  • 1837 Steam-powered threshing machine patented in Winthrop, Maine
  • 1841 King and Grand Duke Willem II installs Order of Eikenkroon
  • 1845 Texas admitted as 28th state of the Union
  • 1848 Gas lights 1st installed at White House (Polk's administration)
  • 1851 1st American Young Men's Christian Association (YMCA) chapter opened in Boston, Massachusetts
  • 1852 Emma Snodgrass arrested in Boston for wearing pants
  • 1860 The first British seagoing iron-clad warship, HMS Warrior is launched.

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1862 Battle of Chichasaw Bayou: confederate armies defeat General William T. Sherman

  • 1862 Bowling ball invented
  • 1864 Fire Dept celebrates 1st annual ball
  • 1867 1st telegraph ticker used by a brokerage house, Groesbeck & Co, New York
  • 1876 11 passenger cars crash in a ravine near Ashtabula, Ohio, 92 die
  • 1890 US 7th Cavalry massacre 200+ captive Sioux at Wounded Knee, SD
  • 1891 Edison patents "transmission of signals electrically" (radio)
  • 1895 Dr L S Jameson begins failed raid on Johannesburg
  • 1899 British fleet seizes German Imperial Mail Steamer Bundesrath accused of carrying contraband
  • 1900 General Viljoen surprise attack British garrison to Helvetia
  • 1903 French Equatorial Africa separates into Gabon, Chad & Ubangi-Shari
  • 1908 Patent granted for a 4-wheel automobile brake, Clintonville, Wisconsin
  • 1911 Proclamation restores "Dei Gratia" from Canada's coins

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1911 Sun Yat-sen elected 1st President of the Republic of China

Father of Modern China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern China
Sun Yat-sen
  • 1911 Mongolia gains independence from the Qing dynasty.
  • 1920 The Netherlands and Venezuela recover diplomatic relations
  • 1920 Yugoslav government bans communist party

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1921 Mackenzie King elected and sworn in as the 10th Prime Minister of Canada

10th Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King
10th Prime Minister of Canada
Mackenzie King
  • 1922 Dutch Constitution proclaimed
  • 1922 Revised Netherlands Law proclaims suffrage
  • 1926 Vatican puts French fascist Charles Maurras' work on the index
  • 1926 Victoria (1107) beat NSW (221 & 230) by an innings 656 runs

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1929 Dutch colonial authorities arrest Sukarno and other key PNI leaders in Java

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • 1930 Fred P Newton completes longest swim ever (1826 miles), when he swam in the Mississippi River from Ford Dam, Minnesota, to New Orleans
  • 1931 Identification of heavy water publicly announced, HC Urey
  • 1931 Victoria score 7 for 435 in second innings to beat NSW
  • 1934 Federico Garcia Lorca's "Yerma" premieres in Madrid
  • 1934 Japan renounces Wash Naval Treaty of 1922 & London Treaty of 1930
  • 1937 Constitution of Ireland (Irish: Bunreacht na hÉireann) is enacted and Irish free state is named Eire
  • 1937 Lou Thesz beats Everett Marshall in St Louis, to win National Wrestling Ass.World heavyweight title - youngest ever

  • 1937 Pan Am starts service between San Francisco and Auckland, New Zealand
  • 1938 Construction on Lake Washington Floating Bridge, Seattle, begins
  • 1939 First flight of the Consolidated B-24 Liberator bomber prototype
  • 1940 Germany drops its 1st incendiary bombs on London during the Blitz
  • 1944 Belgian Nazi Leon Degrelle sentenced to death

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1944 General Eisenhower's train returns to Versailles

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1947 Ship carrying Jewish immigrants driven away from Palestine
  • 1948 Canada recognizes Israel
  • 1948 US State Dept announces work on placing objects into Earth orbit
  • 1949 Hungary nationalized its industries
  • 1951 Flying Enterprise in difficulty in Canal
  • 1952 1st transistorized hearing aid offered for sale (Elmsford NY)
  • 1954 Kingdom of Netherlands, with Netherlands & Netherlands Antilles as autonomous parts, comes into being
  • 1958 TV soap "Young Dr Malone" debuts
  • 1959 Saul Levitt's "Andersonville Trial" premieres in NYC
  • 1962 Doug Walters makes 1st-class debut for NSW 17 yrs 8 days
  • 1966 Pirate Radio Phoenix, 1st transmission (Worcester, Massachusetts)
  • 1967 Turkish-Cypriot government forms in Cyprus
  • 1968 Israeli commandos destroy 13 Lebanese airplanes
  • 1970 Occupational Safety and Health Act (United States) signed into law by President Richard M. Nixon
  • 1972 Eastern Tristar Jumbo Jet crashes near Everglades killing 101
  • 1972 Life magazine ceases publication
  • 1972 President of Sinn Féin Ruairi O Bradaigh is arrested and held under new legislation in Republic of Ireland
  • 1974 Murray Schisgal's "All Over Town" premieres in NYC
  • 1975 11 killed, 75 hurt by terrorist bomb at LaGuardia Airport in NYC
  • 1977 Ronald Ribman's "Cold Storage" premieres in NYC
  • 1978 Shah of Iran, asks Shapour Bahktiar to form a civilian government
  • 1978 Spain constitution goes into effect
  • 1980 Shuttle STS-1 moves from Vandenberg AFB to Launch Complex 39A
  • 1982 Coach Paul "Bear" Bryant ends his career with Alabama (323 wins)
  • 1983 US announced withdrawal from UNESCO
  • 1984 5th United Negro College Fund
  • 1984 Indian PM Rajiv Gandhi claims victory in parlimetary elections
  • 1988 Victorian Post Office Museum in Australia closes

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1989 Václav Havel is selected to be president of Czechoslovakia by the Federal Assembly shortly after the Velvet Revolution

Politician and Author Václav Havel
Politician and Author
Václav Havel
  • 1989 Riots break-out after Hong Kong decides to forcibly repatriate Vietnamese refugees.
  • 1991 12th United Negro College Fund
  • 1991 Boeing 747-200F of China Airlines crash into mountain at Taipei
  • 1992 Governor Cuomo grants Jean Harris (Scarsdale Diet Dr killer) clemency
  • 1993 Todd Bridges arrested for transporting methamphetamine (speed)
  • 1994 B737-400 flies into a mountain at Edremit East Turkey, 54 killed
  • 1994 Bangladesh government of Zia resigns
  • 1994 Last Dutch electro-magnetic telephone exchange shuts down
  • 1997 Carquest Bowl 8: Georgia Tech beats West Virginia, 35-30
  • 1997 Hong Kong begins slaughtering all its chickens to prevent bird flu
  • 1997 Orville Lynn Majors, 36, arrested for many deaths under his care
  • 1997 Russia signs agreement to build a $3B nuclear power plant in China
  • 1998 Leaders of the Khmer Rouge apologize for the 1970s genocide in Cambodia that claimed over a million people
  • 2001 Mesa Redonda shopping center fire, Lima, Peru, at least 291 killed.

Birthdays in History

  • 1586 Francisco de Moncada, Spanish earl of Osuna/marquis of Aytona

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1709 Elizabeth of Russia [Elizaveta Petrovna], Empress of Russia (1741-62) and daughter of Peter the Great, born in Kolomenskoye, Moscow, Russia (d. 1762)

Empress of Russia Elizabeth of Russia
Empress of Russia
Elizabeth of Russia
  • 1721 Madame De Pompadour, mistress of French King Louis the 15th
  • 1743 Alexander van Bylandt, Dutch military officer
  • 1776 Charles Macintosh, Scotland, patented waterproof fabric
  • 1788 Christian Jürgensen Thomsen, Danish archaeologist, named Stone/Iron/Bronze Ages, born in Copenhagen
  • 1792 Archibald Alison, Scottish historian (History of Europe)
  • 1796 Johann Christian Poggendorff, German physicist (d. 1877)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1808 Andrew Johnson, 17th US President (Unionist: 1865-69), born in Raleigh, North Carolina (d. 1875)

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1808 Gyorgy Apponyi, Hungarian Parliament member
  • 1809 Albert Pike, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1891)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1809 William Ewart Gladstone, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Liberal: 1868-74, 1880-86, 1892-94), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1898)

British Prime Minister William Gladstone
British Prime Minister
William Gladstone
  • 1816 Carl Ludwig, German physician (d. 1895)
  • 1831 Adam Badeau, American author, diplomat, and Brevet Brigadier General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1895)
  • 1833 John James Ingalls, (Rep-Ks)
  • 1843 Elisabeth of Wied (pen name was Carmen Sylva), queen of Romania and writer (d. 1916)
  • 1856 Thomas J Stieltjes, mathematician (Stieltjes integral)
  • 1859 Venustiano Carranza, President of Mexico (1915-20)
  • 1866 Joseph Limburg, liberal Second-Member of parliament (1905-19)
  • 1879 Billy Mitchell, aviation hero Gen (WWI)
  • 1888 Joseph Beran, Czech archbishop of Prague/cardinal
  • 1896 David Alfaro Siqueiros, Mexican painter/muralist (Lib of Chile)
  • 1899 Nie Rongzhen, People's Liberation Army Chief of General Staff (d. 1992)
  • 1902 Nels Stewart, National Hockey League player (d. 1957)
  • 1907 James Gardner, designer
  • 1908 Gerben Sonderman, Dutch test pilot (Fokker)
  • 1910 Ronald Coase, British economist (Nobel Prize in Economics 1991), born in Willesden, London (d. 2013)
  • 1913 Laurence Gower, academic
  • 1914 Albert Tucker, Australian artist (d. 1999)
  • 1915 Charles L[eonard] Harness, American sci-fi author (Paradox Men, Wolfhead)
  • 1915 John P W Meefout, Dutch sculptor (Laying Woman)
  • 1915 Robert Ruark, American writer (Something of Value)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1917 Tom Bradley, Mayor of Los Angeles (D-1973-93), born in Calvert, Texas (d. 1998)

American Politician Tom Bradley
American Politician
Tom Bradley
  • 1919 Pieter Terpstra, Dutch journalist/writer (De dei is forroun/Havank-T)
  • 1920 Syd Dernley, British hangman (1949-54), born in Mansfield Woodhouse, Nottinghamshire (d. 1994)
  • 1921 Dobrica Cosic, Serbian writer and President 1992-93), born in Velika Drenova, Kingdom of Yugoslavia (d. 2014)
  • 1921 Robert C. Baker, Inventor of the chicken nugget (d. 2006)
  • 1922 William Gaddis, American writer (d. 1998)
  • 1931 Prince Gu of Korea, Korean royalty (d. 2005)
  • 1935 Tony Bramall, England, auto dealer/multi-millionaire (Harrogate)
  • 1939 Maumoon Abdul Gayoom, president of Maldives (1978- )
  • 1940 Brigitte Kronauer, German author (The Scheik of Aachen), born in Essen, Germany
  • 1943 JHR Maij-Wegge, Dutch traffic minister (19..-94)
  • 1945 Adje Roland, Dutch disc-jockey
  • 1946 Paul Trible, (Sen-R-Va)
  • 1952 Gelsey Kirkland, Bethlehem Pa, ballerina/druggie (Nutcracker)
  • 1953 Stanley Tookie Williams, American author/murderer (executed 2005)
  • 1954 Prince Takamado of Japan (d. 2002)
  • 1959 Paula Poundstone, comedienne (Emmy Awards)
  • 1960 Thomas Lubanga, founder and leader of Union of Congolese Patriots
  • 1961 Robert Louis Tewdwr Moss, journalist/travel writer
  • 1963 Francisco Bustamante, Filipino billiard player
  • 1967 Ashleigh Banfield, Canadian journalist
  • 1968 Carlo H L Ponti Jr, son of Carlo Ponti & Sophia Loren
  • 1970 Yaroslav Ihorovych Pustovyi, Kostroma Ukraine, cosmonaut
  • 1972 Jessica Lee McMinn, Miss North Carolina USA (1996)
  • 1979 Mitsuhiro Ishida, Japanese mixed-martial arts fighter
  • 1979 Ariel Schrag, American Cartoonist
  • 1985 Alexa Ray Joel, daughter of Billy Joel & Christie Brinkley
  • 1994 Princess Kako of Akishino of Japan

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1954 Astronaut Buzz Aldrin (24) weds Joan Archer

Astronaut Buzz Aldrin
Astronaut
Buzz Aldrin
  • 1994 Billionaire J. Paul Getty Jr marries Victoria Holdsworth in Barbados

Deaths in History

  • 721 Empress Gemmei of Japan (b. 661)
  • 1141 Yue Fei, Chinese general, executed

MurderAssassination

1170 Thomas Becket, English Archbishop of Canterbury, assassinated by 4 knights of King Henry II at 52

Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Becket
Archbishop of Canterbury
Thomas Becket
  • 1563 Sebastian Castellio, French theologian (b. 1515)
  • 1619 Antoine Arnauld, French lawyer (Philippica), dies
  • 1634 John Albert Vasa, Polish bishop (b. 1612)
  • 1661 Antoine Gérard de Saint-Amant, French poet (b. 1594)
  • 1689 Olfert Dapper, Amsterdam historian/geographer, buried
  • 1689 Thomas Sydenham, English physician (b. 1624)
  • 1731 Brook Taylor, English mathematician, discoverer of Taylor's Theorem, dies at 46
  • 1737 Joseph Saurin, French mathematician (b. 1659)
  • 1785 Johan Herman Wessel, Norwegian poet (b. 1742)
  • 1815 Saartjie Baartman, Hottentot Venus, dies in Paris
  • 1821 Jean-Baptiste Dumonceau de Bergendael, S Neth general, dies at 61
  • 1825 Jacques-Louis David, French Neoclassical painter (Death of Marat), dies at 77
  • 1877 Willem Sassen, Dutch attorney general on Curacao (Affair-S), dies
  • 1890 Big Foot, Sioux Indian chief, dies at Wounded Knee
  • 1891 Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician, dies at 68
  • 1894 Christina Rossetti, English poet, dies at 64 in London
  • 1897 William James Linton, American wood engraver and political reformer. (b. 1812)
  • 1916 Grigori Rasputin, Russian faith healer/intriguer, murdered at 45
  • 1924 Carl Spitteler, Swiss writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1845)
  • 1925 Félix E Vallotton, Swiss painter/writer (Chaste Susanne), dies at 60
  • 1929 Wilhelm Maybach, German automobile designer (b. 1846)
  • 1933 Joh Georghe Duca, premier of Romania, murdered
  • 1937 Don Marquis, American author (b. 1878)
  • 1942 Frank D Adams, Canadian geologist, dies at 83
  • 1943 William H Singer, US painter/collector (Singer Museum), dies at 75
  • 1947 Joseph Cuvelier, Belgian historian/general, dies at 78
  • 1956 Martin Albertz, German theologist (Jesus Christ's Church), dies at 73
  • 1960 Eden Phillpotts, British writer (b. 1862)
  • 1960 Philippe Panneton, Quebec physician, diplomat and writer (b. 1895)
  • 1964 Bernard von Brentano, German writer (Big Cats), dies at 63
  • 1968 Austin Farrer, English theologian and philosopher (b. 1904)
  • 1970 John de Mol, Dutch accordionist, dies at 58
  • 1970 William King Gregory, American palaeontologist (mammalian teeth, evolutionary theory), dies at 94
  • 1971 Stuart Holmes, dies of stomach ailment at 87
  • 1975 Euell Gibbons, American outdoorsman and proponent of natural diets (b. 1911).
  • 1980 Nadezhda Mandelstam, Russian writer (b. 1899)
  • 1981 Guido Provoost, Belgian historian, dies at 41
  • 1981 Miroslav Krleža, Croatian writer (b. 1893)
  • 1986 Andrei Tarkovski, Russian director (Stalker), dies at 54

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1986 Harold Macmillan, British Conservative politician, Prime Minister (1957-63), dies at 92

British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan
British Prime Minister
Harold Macmillan
  • 1991 Julia McCarthy, dies of cancer at 64
  • 1992 LH Ruitenberg, vicar/editor in chief (Reform Netherlands), dies at 87
  • 1995 Hope Clara Chenhalls, food inspector, dies at 85
  • 1995 Madeleine Barot, resistance heroine, dies at 86
  • 1995 Nello Celio, President of Switzerland (1972), dies at 81
  • 1996 Alma Birk, journalist/politician, dies at 77
  • 1996 Daniel Raphaeautl Mayer, journalist/resistance leader, dies at 86
  • 1996 Oswald Szemerenyi, philologist, dies at 83
  • 1996 Peggy (Margaret McCrorie) Herbison, politician, dies at 89
  • 1996 Robert Morris, lawyer, dies at 81
  • 1996 Willaim Brown, British TV executive, dies at 67
  • 1996 William Thomas Pennar Davies, poet author/theologian, dies at 85
  • 1998 Jean-Claude Forest, writer and illustrator of comics (Barbarella) (b. 1930)
  • 1999 Leon Radzinowicz, British criminologist (b. 1906)
  • 2004 Julius Axelrod, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1912)
  • 2005 Gerda Boyesen, Norwegian-born body psychotherapist (b. 1922)
  • 2007 Kevin Greening, British radio presenter (b. 1962)
  • 2009 Akmal Shaikh, British drug trafficker, executed by lethal injection in the People's Republic of China (b. 1956)