On This Day in History for December 3

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 115

  • 741 St Zachary begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding Gregory III
  • 1347 Pope Clemens VI declares Roman tribunal Coke di Rienzo as heretics
  • 1557 1st Covenant of Scottish protestants form
  • 1586 Sir Thomas Herriot introduces potatoes to England from Colombia
  • 1639 1st annulment by court decree passes
  • 1676 Battle of Lund (Scanian War): Swedish army of 8,000 defeats much larger joint Danish/Dutch force of 13,000
  • 1678 Edmund Halley receives MA from The Queen's College, Oxford
  • 1685 Charles II bars Jews from settling in Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1694 English parliamentary election set for every 3 years
  • 1699 Baron Jacob Hop appointed treasurer-general of the Hague
  • 1730 Colley Cibber is appointed British Poet Laureate under George II

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1736 Astronomer Anders Celsius takes measurements that confirm Newton's theory that the earth was an ellipsoid rather than the previously accepted sphere

Astronomer Anders Celsius
Astronomer
Anders Celsius
  • 1775 First official US flag raised (Grand Union Flag) aboard naval vessel USS Alfred
  • 1818 Illinois becomes 21st state USA (Admission day)

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1828 Andrew Jackson elected 7th US President

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1833 Oberlin College in Ohio, the first truly coeducational college, opens
  • 1834 First US dental society organized (NY)
  • 1835 First US mutual fire insurance company issues first policy (Rhode Island)
  • 1844 RC Society Apostole of Prayer forms

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1847 Frederick Douglass publishes first issue of his newspaper "North Star"

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • 1854 Eureka Stockade: In what is claimed by many to be the birth of Australian democracy, more than 20 goldminers at Ballarat, Victoria, are killed by state troopers in an uprising over mining licences

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 Confederate General James Longstreet abandons his siege at Knoxville, TN

Confederate General James Longstreet
Confederate General
James Longstreet
  • 1864 Skirmish at Thomas' Station, Georgia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1868 1st blacks on US trial jury appointed for Jefferson Davis trial

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1878 Settlers arrive at Petach Tikvah, Israel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1881 Henry Morton Stanley founds Leopoldville (now Kinshasa)

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • 1883 48th US Congress (1883-85) convenes
  • 1901 Milwaukee is dropped from the AL & replaced by St Louis Browns
  • 1903 Panglima Polim surrenders to Capt Colijn at Atjeh
  • 1910 Neon lights first publicly displayed (Paris Auto Show)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1911 Willis Carrier presents his influencial "Rational Psychrometric Formulae" on air conditioning to the American Society of Mechanical Engineers

Engineer Willis Carrier
Engineer
Willis Carrier
  • 1912 Gerrit Brinkman becomes 1st Dutch traffic officer
  • 1912 Turkey, Serbia, Montenegro, Greece & Bulgaria sign weapons pact
  • 1912 First Balkan War: The Naval Battle of Elli takes place.
  • 1914 Dutch army opens fire on interned Belgian soldiers: 8 killed
  • 1915 General Joseph Joffre becomes Commander-in-Chief of the French Armies
  • 1917 After nearly 20 years of planning and construction, the Quebec Bridge opens to traffic.
  • 1917 The Supreme Allied War Council, meeting at Versailles to define war aim, fails to reach an agreement
  • 1920 Turkey & Armenia agree to peace treaty
  • 1923 First Congressional open session broadcast via radio (Washington, D.C.)
  • 1926 Manchester Guardian (German Reichswehr/Red Army work together)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1926 Detective novelist Agatha Christie mysteriously disappears for 11 days

Novelist Agatha Christie
Novelist
Agatha Christie
  • 1930 Airborn chemicals combine with fog to kill 60 (Meuse Valley, Belgium)
  • 1930 Otto Ender forms Austrian government
  • 1931 Alka Seltzer goes on sale
  • 1932 Gen Kurt von Schleicher becomes chancellor of Germany
  • 1934 Italian colonial Tripoli & Cyrenaica annexed to Libya
  • 1934 KYW-AM in Chicago Ill moves to Philadelphia Penn
  • 1938 AAUs decides to continue linear measuring system over metric

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Hitler views Poltava, Ukraine

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1943 Battle of Monte Cassino, Italy begins
  • 1944 British order to disarm causes general strike in Greece
  • 1944 Hungarian death march of Jews ends
  • 1944 Mussert puts Seyss-Inquart plan for small Nazi-Europe
  • 1944 US 5th Armoured division occupies Brandenburg Hurtgenwald
  • 1944 The Greek Civil War breaks out in a newly-liberated Greece, between communists and royalists.
  • 1944 Britain's Home Guard ('Dad's Army') is officially stood down at a special farewell parade in Hyde Park, London.
  • 1946 US government asks UN to order dictator Franco out of Spain

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Tennessee Williams' "Streetcar Named Desire" premieres in NYC

Playwright Tennessee Williams
Playwright
Tennessee Williams
  • 1948 "Pumpkin Papers" come to light (claimed to be from Alger Hiss)
  • 1948 1st US woman army officer not in medical corps sworn in
  • 1948 Chinese refugee ship "Kiangya" explodes in E China Sea killing 1,100

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Paul Harvey begins his national radio broadcast

ABC Radio Broadcaster Paul Harvey
ABC Radio Broadcaster
Paul Harvey
  • 1952 1st TV broadcast in Hawaii
  • 1952 Marcos Perez Jiménez elected president of Venezuela

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Eisenhower criticizes McCarthy for saying communists are in the Republican Party

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1953 Premier of Dmitri Shostakovitch' 5th String Quartet
  • 1956 Bitain and France pull troops out of Egypt
  • 1958 Indonesian parliament accepts nationalisation of Dutch businesses
  • 1959 State of emergency in Cyprus ends
  • 1960 Frederick Loewe/Alan Jay Lerner's "Camelot" premieres in NYC
  • 1961 George Blanda of Houston Oilers kicks 55-yard field goal
  • 1961 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1962 Edith Spurlock Sampson sworn-in as 1st US black female judge
  • 1962 Pravda criticizes western art
  • 1964 Police arrests 800 sit-in students at University of California at Berkeley
  • 1965 USSR launches Luna 8; it crashes on the Moon
  • 1966 US performs underground nuclear test at Hattiesburg, Miss
  • 1967 1st human heart transplant performed by Dr Christian Barnard in South Africa

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Fomrer Indonesian president Sukarno placed under house arrest

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno
  • 1967 Final run of "20th Century Limited" famed NY-Chicago luxury train
  • 1969 John Lennon is offered role of Jesus Christ in Jesus Christ Superstar
  • 1970 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 US President Richard Nixon commutes Jimmy Hoffa's jail term

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1971 Indo-Pakistani War of 1971: India invades West Pakistan and a full scale war begins claiming hundreds of lives.
  • 1972 Convair 990A charter crashes in Tenerife Canary Island, 155 die
  • 1973 Pioneer 10 passes Jupiter (1st fly-by of an outer planet) [Dec 4-GMT]
  • 1975 Laos falls to communist forces; Lao People's Democratic Rep proclaimed
  • 1976 Patrick J Hillery elected President of Ireland
  • 1979 11 trampled to death at Who concert in Cincinnati
  • 1979 Christies auctions a thimble for a record $18,400
  • 1979 Iran accepts constitution
  • 1979 Shadow Traffic begins broadcasting in the New York City metropolitan area.
  • 1980 NY Federal jury finds Reps Thompson D-NJ & Murphy, D-NY, guilty
  • 1981 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1982 35.7 cm rainfall at Big Fork, Arkansas (state record)
  • 1982 77°F highest December temperature ever recorded in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1983 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1984 Union Carbide pesticide plant leak of methyl isocyanate and other toxic compounds in Bhopal, India, kills 2,259 (official figure) - other estimates as high as 16,000 (including later deaths) and over half a million injured
  • 1985 23rd Shuttle Mission (61-B)-Atlantis 2-lands at Edwards AFB

Birthdays in History

  • 1368 Charles VI, [the Well-Beloved], king of France (1380-1422)
  • 1483 Nicolaus von Amsdorf, German reformation theologist
  • 1560 Jan Gruter, Dutch critic (d. 1627)
  • 1684 Ludvig Baron Holberg, founder (Danish & Norwegian literature)
  • 1753 Samuel Crompton, English inventor (mule-jenny spinning machine)
  • 1755 Gilbert Stuart, US, portrait painter (painted Washington)
  • 1776 Johann Spurzheim, German neuroscientist (d. 1832)
  • 1795 Rowland Hill, introduced 1st adhesive postage stamp (1840)
  • 1797 Francis P Kenrick, Irish/US archbishop of Baltimore
  • 1800 France Preseren, Slovenian poet (Krst pri Savici)
  • 1806 Henry Alexander Wise, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1876)
  • 1809 Thomas Alfred Davies, Bvt Mjr General (Union volunteers), (d. 1899)
  • 1822 Charles Adam Heckman, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1896)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1826 George McClellan, Union army major general, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1885)

Union General George McClellan
Union General
George McClellan
  • 1829 Green Berry Raum, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1909)
  • 1838 Cleveland Abbe, US, meteorologist (Father of Weather Bureau)
  • 1838 Octavia Hill, British reformer, leader of open-space movement
  • 1842 Ellen Henrietta Richards, US, chemist (Amer Home Economics Association-1st Pres)
  • 1842 Phoebe Hearst, American socialite (d. 1919)
  • 1842 Charles Alfred Pillsbury, American industrialist (d. 1899)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1857 Joseph Conrad, Polish novelist (Lord Jim, Heart of Darkness), born in Berdychiv, Poland (d. 1924)

Novelist Joseph Conrad
Novelist
Joseph Conrad
  • 1862 Jules Renkin, Belgian jurist/minister/premier (1931-32)
  • 1864 Herman Heijermans Jr, Dutch writer (Kamertjeszonde, Diamond City)
  • 1875 Bernhard Lichtenberg, German clergyman/antifascist
  • 1875 Max Meldrum, Scottish-born Australian painter (d. 1955)
  • 1880 Fedor von Bock, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • 1884 Rajendra Prasad, first President of India (d. 1963)
  • 1884 Walther Stampfli, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1965)
  • 1885 Marchien Zwitsers, farmer in Lutten (died at 109 years old)
  • 1886 Manne Siegbahn, Nobel laureate (d. 1978)
  • 1887 Naruhiko, Prince Higashikuni of Japan (d. 1990)
  • 1895 Anna Freud, Austrian/English psychoanalytist/daughter of Sigmund F
  • 1896 John Urzidil, Austria/US writer (Die erbeuteten Frauen)
  • 1897 Kate O'Brien, Irish writer (Without My Cloak)
  • 1899 Ikeda Hayato, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1965)
  • 1900 Lester Matthews, Nottingham England, (Sir Dennis-Adv of Fu Manchu)
  • 1900 Richard Kuhn, Austria, biochemist, worked with vitamins (Nobel 1938)
  • 1900 Ulrich Inderbinen, Swiss mountain guide (d. 2004)
  • 1904 Juan E Yrausquin, founder (Party of Patriot Arubans)/minister
  • 1907 Andrew Hutchings, teachers' leader
  • 1908 Nigel M Balchin, [Mark Spade], English author (Business for Pleasure)
  • 1910 Robert Arthur Hughes, missionary/surgeon
  • 1913 Omer Vanaudenhoven, Flemish industrial/resistance fighter
  • 1918 Abdul Haris Nasution, Indonesian general (d. 2000)
  • 1921 Hans G Kresse, Dutch cartoonist (Eric the Viking)
  • 1922 Sven Nykvist, Swedish cinematographer (d. 2006)
  • 1924 John Backus, inventor (FORTRAN computer language)
  • 1924 Francisco Sionil José, Filipino novelist, Philippine National Artist for Literature
  • 1925 Kim Dae Jung, South Korean President, Nobel laureate
  • 1929 Clarence Ford, sax player
  • 1930 Jean-Luc Godard, French director (Alphaville, Hail Mary, Breathless)
  • 1931 Ellen Blazer, Dutch TV director (Sonja)
  • 1931 Franz Josef Degenhardt, German author
  • 1933 Paul J. Crutzen, Dutch chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1934 Viktor Vassilyevich Gorbatko, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 7, 24, 37/36)
  • 1937 Stephen Rubin, English attorney/shoe manufacturer (Reebok, Adidas)
  • 1937 Binod Bihari Verma, Indian linguist
  • 1938 Martyn Taylor, teacher/campaigner
  • 1940 Jeffrey R. Holland, American religious leader
  • 1942 Alice Schwarzer, German journalist
  • 1949 Christopher John Seward, aid worker
  • 1950 Muntu Myeza, South African anti-apartheid activist
  • 1952 Benny Hinn, American televangelist
  • 1954 Grace Andreacchi, American author
  • 1955 Warren Jeffs, American convicted polygamist
  • 1963 Terri Schiavo, American right to die figure (d. 2005)
  • 1965 Andrew Stanton, American animator
  • 1971 Vernon White, American mixed martial artist
  • 1973 Sammy Leung, Hong Kong disc jockey
  • 2005 Prince Sverre Magnus of Norway

Weddings in History

  • 1984 Oldest groom - Harry Stevens, 103, weds Thelma Lucas, 83, in Wisc

Deaths in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

311 Diocletian, Roman Emperor (284-305), dies at 66

Roman Emperor Diocletian
Roman Emperor
Diocletian
  • 450 Petrus Chrysologus, 1st archbishop of Ravenna, dies
  • 1137 Lotharius III, of Supplinburg, Roman-Ger emperor (1133-37), dies at 67
  • 1154 Anastasius IV, Pope (1153-54), dies
  • 1265 Odofredus, Italian jurist
  • 1463 Louis Chalon, prince of Orange, dies
  • 1469 Piero de' Medici, ruler of Florence, dies at about 53
  • 1491 Thomas Basin, French historian/bishop of Lisieux, dies
  • 1533 Vasili III, great prince of Moscow (1505-33), dies at 54
  • 1552 St Francis Xavier, Jesuit missionary to the East (b. 1506)
  • 1610 Honda Tadakatsu, Japanese general (b. 1548)
  • 1660 Jacques Sarazin, French sculptor/painter, dies at about 70
  • 1676 Daniel Stalpaert, Amsterdams master builder, buried
  • 1706 Emilie Juliane of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, German countess and hymn writer (b. 1637)
  • 1789 Claude-Joseph Vernet, French seascape painter, dies
  • 1807 Clara Reeve, English author (old English baron), dies
  • 1815 John Carroll (priest), first Roman Catholic archbishop in the U.S. (b. 1735)
  • 1839 Frederik VI, king of Denmark (1808-39)/Norway (1803-14), dies at 71
  • 1845 Gregor MacGregor, Scottish con-man (b. 1786)
  • 1857 Christian D Rauch, German sculptor, dies at 80
  • 1882 Archibald Campbell Tait, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1811)
  • 1888 Carl Zeiss, German lens maker (b. 1816)
  • 1892 William Bonaparte, grandson of Lucien, dies
  • 1892 Afanasy Fet, Russian poet (b. 1820)
  • 1894 HM Jozef Schadde, Flem architect (Antwerp Stock exchange), dies at 76

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1894 Robert Louis Stevenson, Scottish novelist, dies at 45

  • 1902 Robert Lawson, New Zealand architect (b. 1833)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1910 Mary Baker Eddy, founder (Christian Science (Monitor)), dies at 89

Christian Science Founder Mary Baker Eddy
Christian Science Founder
Mary Baker Eddy
  • 1912 Prudente José de Morais Barros, President of Brazil (b. 1841)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1919 Pierre A Renoir, French painter/sculptor, dies at 78

Painter & Sculptor Pierre Auguste Renoir
Painter & Sculptor
Pierre Auguste Renoir
  • 1934 Charles James O'Donnell, Irish politician (b. 1849)
  • 1937 Prosper Poullet, Belgian mayor, dies
  • 1941 Pavel Filonov, Russian painter (b. 1883)
  • 1944 Delfien Vanhaute, Flemish pastor/poet (Ark of Noah), dies at 75
  • 1949 Elin Pelin, writer, dies
  • 1957 Frank E Gannett, newspaper publisher, dies at 81
  • 1964 Ernst Ginsberg, writer, dies
  • 1967 Annette Kolb, writer, dies at 92
  • 1975 Jacob Kruijt, Dutch sociologist, dies at 76
  • 1980 Oswald Mosley, British politician (b. 1896)
  • 1981 Walter Knott, American farmer (b. 1889)
  • 1984 Virginia Lacy Jones, US librarian/presidents advisor, dies at 72
  • 1984 Vladimir Abramovich Rokhlin, Russian mathematician (b. 1919)
  • 1992 Nureddin Al-Atassi, president of Syria (1966-70), dies
  • 1993 Lewis Thomas, biologist, dies of cancer at 80
  • 1994 Dolf Verspoor, literary/translator (M Nijhoff prize 1958), dies at 77
  • 1994 Elizabeth Meyer, wife of Paul Michael Glaser, dies of AIDS at 47
  • 1994 Giorgi Chanturia, President of Georgia, assassinated
  • 1994 Said Mekbel, Algerian editor in chief (Le Matin), murdered at 57
  • 1996 Babrak Karmal, PM of Afghanistan (1980-81), dies
  • 1996 Det Glynn, teacher/anti-apartheid activist, dies at 84
  • 1996 George Duby, historian, dies at 77
  • 1997 Marian Kratochwil, artist, dies at 91
  • 1999 Jarl Wahlström, 12th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1918)
  • 2000 Gwendolyn Brooks, American poet (b. 1917)
  • 2004 Shiing-Shen Chern, Chinese mathematician (b. 1911)
  • 2008 Robert Zajonc, Polish-American social psychologist (b. 1923)
  • 2010 Abdumalik Bahori, Tajik poet and fiction writer (b.1927)