On This Day in History for December 30

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 113

  • 987 French King Hugo Capet crowns his son Robert the compassionate king
  • 1317 Pontifical degree "Sancta Romania" against spiritualists
  • 1460 Wars of the Roses: Battle of Wakefield (Northern England), Duke of York killed and his forces soundly defeated by forces for King Henry VI

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1621 English king James I cracks Protestation of Parliament

King of Great Britain James I and VI
King of Great Britain
James I and VI
  • 1665 "Messiah" Sjabtai Tswi departs to Constantinople
  • 1666 Abraham Crijnssen departs to Suriname
  • 1672 Baron Karl Rabenhaupt occupies Coevorden Neth
  • 1685 Don Francisco de Agurto installed as land guardian of Southern Netherlands
  • 1703 Tokyo hit by Earthquake; about 37,000 die
  • 1794 French troops conquer Grave Neth
  • 1809 Wearing masks at balls forbidden in Boston
  • 1813 Danzig surrenders to allied armies
  • 1816 The Treaty of St. Louis is proclaimed.
  • 1835 Georgia gold rush forces the Cherokees to move across the Mississippi River

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1835 HMS Beagle/Charles Darwin sails from NZ to Sydney

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Naturalist
Charles Darwin
  • 1836 Lehman Theater in St Petersburg catches fire; 100s die
  • 1853 A dinner party is held inside a life-size model of an Iguanodon (ornithopod dinosaur) created by Benjamin Waterhouse Hawkins and Sir Richard Owen in south London.
  • 1854 Pennsylvania Rock Oil Co, 1st in US, incorporated in NYC
  • 1861 US banks stops payments in gold
  • 1869 Philadelphia Knights of Labor forms
  • 1873 American Metrological Society forms (NYC) weights, measures & money
  • 1875 Andrassy Note calls for Christian-Muslim religious freedoms
  • 1879 Gilbert & Sullivan's "Pirates of Penzance" premieres
  • 1888 Belgium: king Leopold II installs Order of African Star
  • 1892 Dr Miles V Lynk, physician, publishes 1st Black medical journal
  • 1893 Russia signs military accord with France

BattleExecution

1896 Filipino nationalist José Rizal is executed by firing squad in Manila by the Spanish.

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal
  • 1897 Province of Zululand annexed to Natal colony
  • 1903 Electric arc lamp sets fire to Iroquois theater in Chicago leaving 602 dead in one of the deadliest blazes in American history
  • 1903 American Political Science Association founded at New Orleans
  • 1905 Former Governor Frank Steunenberg is assassinated near his home in Caldwell, Idaho.
  • 1906 Iran becomes a constitutional monarchy
  • 1906 The All India Muslim League is founded in Dacca, East Bengal, British India Empire, later laid down the foundations of Pakistan
  • 1913 Barnes takes 17 wickets vs South Africa (8-56 & 9-103)
  • 1915 Cromarty Harbour, Scotland - British cruiser Natal explodes: 405 die
  • 1917 -32°F (-36°C) in Mountain City, Tennessee (state record)
  • 1917 -37°F (-38°C) in Lewisburg, WV (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 John E Hoover decides to be called J. Edgar Hoover

First Director of the FBI J. Edgar Hoover
First Director of the FBI
J. Edgar Hoover
  • 1919 Lincoln's Inn in London admits its first female bar student.
  • 1922 Creation of the USSR formally proclaimed in Moscow from the Bolshoi Theatre, Soviet Union organized as a federation of RSFSR, Ukrainian SSR, Belorussian SSR & Transcaucasian SSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 Astronomer Edwin Hubble formally announces existence of other galactic systems at meeting of the American Astronomical Society

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Astronomer
Edwin Hubble
  • 1925 NSW score 705 against Victoria, go from 8-475 to 9-701
  • 1926 Paul Eliot Green's "In Abraham's Bosom" premieres in NYC
  • 1927 Japan dedicates 1st subway in Orient (route under 2 miles long)
  • 1929 Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority incorporates
  • 1933 -50°F (-46°C) in Bloomfield, Vermont (state record)
  • 1933 Government disallows NSB-membership for civil service
  • 1933 Jack Badcock scores 274 v Victoria, Tasmania's 1st double-ton
  • 1935 Italian bombers destroy Swedish Red Cross unit in Ethiopia
  • 1936 United Auto Workers stage 1st sit-down strike, at Fisher Body Plant
  • 1939 O'Reilly takes 14-45 (8-23 & 6-22) as NSW crush Qld in 2 days
  • 1940 California's 1st freeway, (Arroyo Seco Parkway), opens
  • 1941 Nazibezetters oblige artsen member to become of Artsenkamer
  • 1941 Nazis require Dutch physicians to join Nazi organization

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Winston Churchill addresses Canadian parliament

Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister
Winston Churchill
  • 1943 Subhash Chandra Bose raises the flag of Indian independence at Port Blair.
  • 1944 King George II of Greece, abdicates his throne
  • 1947 King Michael of Romania, forced by communists abdicates his throne
  • 1947 Romanian republic proclaimed
  • 1949 India recognizes People's Republic of China
  • 1950 Vietnam, Laos & Cambodia become Independent states within the French Union
  • 1952 Tuskegee Inst reports 1952 as 1st yr in 71 with no lynchings in US
  • 1957 Israeli government of Ben-Gurion, resigns
  • 1958 French franc devalued
  • 1959 George Washington, 1st ballistic missile sub commissioned
  • 1963 Congress authorizes Kennedy half dollar

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1964 Edward Albee's "Tiny Alice" premieres in NYC

Playwright Edward Albee
Playwright
Edward Albee

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Ferdinand Marcos inaugurated as President of the Phillipines

10th President of the Philippines Ferdinand Marcos
10th President of the Philippines
Ferdinand Marcos
  • 1967 Great Western Forum opens in LA
  • 1968 -48°F (-44°C), Mazama & Winthrop, Washington (state record)
  • 1969 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1970 The financial cost of the disturbances and riots in Northern Ireland during 1969 and 1970 are today estimated to be £5.5 million
  • 1971 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1971 A member of the Irish Republican Army is killed in a premature bomb explosion in Santry, Dublin.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 US President Richard Nixon halts bombing of North Vietnam & announces peace talks

37th US President Richard Nixon
37th US President
Richard Nixon
  • 1973 1st picture of a comet from space (Comet Kohoutek-Skylab)
  • 1975 Constitution of Democratic Republic of Madagascar comes into force
  • 1976 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1977 Carter holds 1st news conference by US President in Eastern Europe (Warsaw)
  • 1978 Ohio State dismisses Woody Hayes as its football coach
  • 1979 Rock group, Emerson, Lake & Palmer break up
  • 1979 Togo adopts constitution
  • 1982 Anthony Shaffer's "Whodunnit" premieres in NYC
  • 1982 US Assay Office in New York City, NY closes
  • 1985 IBM-PC DOS Version 3.2 released
  • 1985 Pakistan restores constitution
  • 1987 Australia hang on for draw v NZ at MCG, 1 wkt left 17 runs short

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1987 Premier Mugabe elected president of Zimbabwe

Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwean President
Robert Mugabe
  • 1988 Canadian Senate OK's free trade pact; with US
  • 1988 Former Soviet Pres Brezhnev's son-in-law sentenced to 12-yr (bribery)
  • 1988 Mercedes-Benz pays $20.2-M fine failed to meet '86 government fuel standard
  • 1989 10th United Negro College Fund raises $12,000,000
  • 1990 11th United Negro College Fund raises $10,000,000
  • 1992 Shane Warne takes 7-52 to lead Australian MCG win v West Indies
  • 1993 Vatican recognizes Israel
  • 1995 Carquest Bowl 6: North Carolina beats Arkansas, 20-10
  • 1995 Lowest ever UK temperature recorded of -27.2°C iat Altnaharra in the Scottish Highlands, equaling the record set at Braemar, Aberdeenshire on February 11, 1895 and January 10, 1982

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1996 Proposed budget cuts by Benjamin Netanyahu spark protests from 250,000 workers who shut down services across Israel.

Prime Minister of Israel Benjamin Netanyahu
Prime Minister of Israel
Benjamin Netanyahu
  • 1996 UN announces that a total of 21 contracts have been approved for the limited Iraqi oil sales under Resolution 986
  • 1997 An abandoned building collapses on NY's 42nd St, no one hurt

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

39 Titus, 10th Roman Emperor (79-81) and conqueror of Jerusalem, born in Rome (d. 81)

Roman Emperor Titus
Roman Emperor
Titus
  • 1204 Abû 'Uthmân Sa'îd Hakam al Qurashi, ruler of Minorca (d. 1282)
  • 1552 Simon Forman, English occultist and astrologer (d. 1611)
  • 1642 Vincenzo da Filicaja, Italian poet (d. 1707)
  • 1644 Philips van Almonde, Dutch Zeeuws lt-admiral
  • 1673 Ahmed III, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1736)
  • 1722 Charles Yorke, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain (d. 1770)
  • 1740 Princess Elizabeth Caroline of Wales (d. 1759)
  • 1774 Pieter G Witsen Geysbeek, Dutch historian/literary [or Dec 31]
  • 1784 Dorothea von Benckendorff, Baltic monarch of Lieven
  • 1818 James Cantey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1874)
  • 1819 John White Geary, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1873)
  • 1819 Theodor Fontane, German writer (Effi Briest)
  • 1828 Mark Perrin Lowrey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1885)
  • 1847 John Peter Altgeld, German/US (Gov-Ill)/pardoned Haymarket-anarchists
  • 1850 John Milne, British Geologist, Seismologist, and Anthropologist who developed the first modern seismograph, born in Liverpool, England
  • 1851 Asa Griggs Candler, developed Coca-Cola
  • 1855 Heinrich Hart, German writer (Song of Humanity)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1865 Rudyard Kipling, English author (Jungle Book, Gunga Din-Nobel 1907), born in Bombay, British India (d. 1936)

  • 1867 Simon Guggenheim, American businessman and philanthropist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • 1869 Adolphe Max, Belgian Rep (Lib)
  • 1873 Al Smith, American politician and first Roman Catholic presidential candidate (D) (d. 1944)
  • 1878 William Aberhart, Canadian politician (d. 1943)
  • 1879 Sri Ramana Maharshi, Hindu philosopher/yogi (Maharshi Research Inst)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1884 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during WW II (1941-44), born in Tokyo (d. 1948)

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo
  • 1889 Georg von der Vring, German painter/writer (Soldier Suhren)
  • 1890 Adolfo Ruiz Cortines, President of Mexico (d. 1973)
  • 1891 Antoine Pinay, French premier (1952)/minister of Foreign affairs
  • 1895 August De Boodt, Belgian politician
  • 1897 Alfredo Bracchi, Italian author (d. 1976)
  • 1899 Helge Ingstad, Norwegian explorer (d. 2001)
  • 1905 Emmanuel Levinas, philosopher
  • 1906 Carol Reed, motion picture director (3rd Man, Oliver!), born in London, England (d. 1976)
  • 1906 Johan A earl von Kielmansegg, German general/commandant NATO-Europe
  • 1907 Robert Grant Grant-Ferris, politician
  • 1910 Herman van der Horst, Dutch cinematographer (Faja Lobbi)
  • 1910 Paul Bowles, writer (The Shelting Sky), born in Queens, New York City (d. 1999)
  • 1913 Elyne Mitchell, Australian author (d. 2002)
  • 1917 Seymour Melman, American industrial engineer (d. 2004)
  • 1918 W Eugene Smith, US photographer (Saipan, Walk to Paradise Garden)
  • 1920 Aad de Haas, Dutch religious painter/graphic artist/cartoonist
  • 1920 Michael Allinson, London England (George Washington)
  • 1921 Michael Hollings, catholic priest/crusader
  • 1921 Rashid Karami, Lebanon, 10 time PM: 1955..87 of Lebanon
  • 1923 Sara A Lidman, Swedish author (Jag Och Min Son, Samtal in Hanoi)
  • 1927 M Lawrence Antouin, college president (Emeritis)
  • 1929 Rosalind Hurley, British physician, barrister, ethicist and writer (d. 2004)
  • 1930 Jerome Theisen, benedictine
  • 1931 Charles A Bassett II, Captain USAF/astronaut, born in Dayton, Ohio
  • 1931 Richard Christ, writer
  • 1931 Ike Skelton, Lexington, MI, congressman (1977-2011), (d. 2013)
  • 1934 Barry Briggs, NZ auto maker (World Champion 1957, 58, 64, 66)
  • 1934 John Norris Bahcall, American physicist (d. 2005)
  • 1934 Joseph P. Hoar, former US Central Command commander
  • 1935 Omar [Albert B] Bongo, president of Gabon (1967- )
  • 1939 Doeke Eisma, sociologist/Dutch MP (D66)
  • 1939 Glenda Adams, Australian author (d. 2007)
  • 1942 Vladimir Bukovsky, Russian author and dissident
  • 1942 Janko Prunk, Slovenian historian
  • 1944 William J. Fallon, U.S. Navy Admiral, former U.S. Central Command commander
  • 1945 John Kevin Moorhouse, test pilot
  • 1947 Stephanus S "Tian" van Merwe, leader (South Africa Democratic Party)
  • 1949 Jim Flaherty, Canadian politician, Minister of Finance (2006-2014), born in Lachine, Quebec (d. 2014)
  • 1950 Yunus I Mahomed, South African attorney/leader (UDF)
  • 1950 Lewis Shiner, American sci-fi/fantasy author
  • 1952 Larry Bartlett, photographic printer
  • 1952 Somtow Sucharitkul, [SP Somtow], Thailand, sf author (Utopia Hunters)
  • 1953 Daniel T Barry, Norwalk Ct, PhD/MD/astronaut (STS 72)
  • 1953 Bill Kazmaier, American powerlifter
  • 1953 Harald Schmautz, German-born journalist
  • 1953 Meredith Vieira, American television journalist
  • 1956 "Cherie" Samba (Mbimba N'zinga), Zaire painter (Pitie la prostituee)
  • 1958 Steven L Smith, astronaut (STS 68, 82), born in Phoenix, Arizona
  • 1958 Rod Harrington, English darts player
  • 1959 Josée Verner, French Canadian politician
  • 1961 Douglas Coupland, Canadian author
  • 1961 Bill English, New Zealand politician, Prime Minister (2016-), born in Lumsden
  • 1963 Chandler Burr, American author
  • 1965 Heidi Fleiss, American madam
  • 1977 Scott Lucas, Australian rules footballer
  • 1983 Rachel & Ross Trudeau, twins of Jane Pauley & Gerry Trudeau
  • 1983 Kevin Systrom, American CEO and co-founder of Instagram, born in Holliston, Massachusetts

Weddings in History

  • 1816 English Romantic poet Percy Bysshe Shelley (24) marries 2nd wife writer "Frankenstein" Mary Godwin (19) and daughter of early feminist writer Mary Wollstonecraft

HeartWedding of Interest

1852 Future US President Rutherford B. Hayes (30) weds teetotaler and abolitionist Lucy Webb (21)

19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes
19th US President
Rutherford B. Hayes

HeartWedding of Interest

1857 Confederate army cavalry battalion commander John S. Mosby (24) weds Pauline Clarke in Nashville

The Gray Ghost John Singleton Mosby
The Gray Ghost
John Singleton Mosby

HeartWedding of Interest

1896 Filipino Nationalist Jose Rizal (35) weds girlfriend Josephine Bracken (20) before his execution in Fort Santiago, Manila

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal

HeartWedding of Interest

1918 Gangster Al Capone (19) marries Mae Josephine Coughlin, mother of his child

Gangster Al Capone
Gangster
Al Capone
  • 1941 Al Capone's son Sonny marries in Miami Beach

HeartWedding of Interest

1998 Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel (44) weds quantum chemist Joachim Sauer (49) in Bonn, Germany

Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel
Chancellor of Germany
Angela Merkel

Deaths in History

  • 274 St Felix I, dies and ends his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 1218 Richard de Clare, 4th Earl of Hertford, English politician (b. 1162)
  • 1460 Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, claimant to the English throne killed in Battle of Wakefield. (b. 1411)
  • 1525 Jacob Fugger, German banker/merchant, dies at 66
  • 1572 Galeazzo Alessi, Italian architect (Palazza Marino, Milan), dies at 60
  • 1573 Giovanni Battista Giraldi, Italian writer (b. 1504)
  • 1591 Innocent IX, [Giovanni Facchinetti], Pope, (1591 62 days), dies at 72
  • 1621 Saint Job of Maniava, Ukrainian Orthodox Saint (b. 1550)
  • 1640 John Francis Regis, French saint (b. 1597)
  • 1644 Jan Baptist van Helmont, Flemish chemist (b. 1577)
  • 1662 Archduke Ferdinand Charles of Austria (b. 1628)
  • 1691 Robert Boyle, Irish scientist (b. 1627)
  • 1769 Nicholas Taaffe, 6th Viscount Taaffe, Austrian soldier (b. 1685)
  • 1777 Maximilian III Jozef, elector of Bayern (1745-77), dies at 50
  • 1788 Francesco Zuccarelli, Italian rococo painter/etcher, dies at 86
  • 1832 Abijah Hammond, owned large portion of Greenwich Village, dies
  • 1870 ... Prim, Spanish general, murdered
  • 1893 Samuel White Baker, English explorer, dies at 72
  • 1894 Amelia Jenks Bloomer, suffragist (Bloomers named for her), dies at 76
  • 1895 LP Hartley, British writer, dies

BattleExecution

1896 Jose Protacio Rizal, Filipino nationalist and novelist ('Noli Me Tángere', 'El Filibusterismo') is executed by firing squad at 35

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal
  • 1899 James Paget, English surgeon (disease of Paget), dies at 85
  • 1908 Thomas-Alfred Bernier, Canadian lawyer, journalist and senator (b. 1844)
  • 1912 Alfred von Kiderlen-Waechter, German foreign minister, dies at 60
  • 1941 El Lissitzky, Russian artist and architect (b. 1890)
  • 1944 Romain Roland, French writer/pacifist (Nobel 1915), dies at 78
  • 1947 Han [Henricus A] van Meegeren, Dutch painter/art forger, dies at 58
  • 1951 Jozef E Stokvis, Dutch MP (SDAP), dies at 76
  • 1952 Ivan Olbracht, writer, dies
  • 1955 Rex Ingamells, Australian poet (b. 1913)
  • 1959 Maria Baers, Flemish social female worker/senator, dies at 76
  • 1966 Christian A Herter, US Min of Foreign affairs (1959-61), dies at 71

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1967 Vincent Massey, Canadian diplomat, 1st Canadian-born Governor General of Canada (1952-59), dies at 80

Governor General of Canada Vincent Massey
Governor General of Canada
Vincent Massey
  • 1968 Trygve Lie, Norwegian politician and 1st Secretary-General of the United Nations (1946-52), dies at 72
  • 1984 Massa, oldest gorilla on record (b. 1930)
  • 1986 Era Bell Thompson, American journalist (b. 1905)
  • 1988 Yuli Daniel, Russian writer (b. 1925)
  • 1989 Lenore Lemmon, wife of George Reeves (b. 1923)
  • 1992 Caesar [Caesar] Domela, painter/son of Ferdinand D Nieuwenhuis, dies
  • 1992 Ling-Ling, 1st panda China gave US, dies at 23
  • 1993 [Irving Paul] "Swifty" Lazar, superagent, dies of kidney failure at 86
  • 1994 Lloyd James Austin, french Scholar, dies at 79
  • 1995 Heiner Muller, dramatist, dies at 66
  • 1995 Roger W Suddards, solicitor, dies at 65
  • 1996 Robert Grant-Ferris, politician, dies at 89
  • 1997 Shinichi Hoshi, Japanese novelist (b. 1926)
  • 1999 Fritz Leonhardt, German structural engineer (b. 1909)
  • 1999 Sarah Knauss, American, once considered the world's oldest living person (b. 1880)
  • 2002 Mary Wesley, English novelist (b. 1912)
  • 2003 David Bale, South African-born activist (b. 1941)
  • 2003 John Gregory Dunne, American writer (b. 1932)
  • 2005 Rona Jaffe, American author (b. 1932)

BattleExecution

2006 Saddam Hussein, President of Iraq (1979-2003), hanged in Baghdad at 69

Iraqi President Saddam Hussein
Iraqi President
Saddam Hussein
  • 2006 Terry Peck, Falkland Islander (b. 1938) who acted as a scout for 3rd Battalion, The Parachute Regiment in the Falklands War
  • 2009 Abdurrahman Wahid, 4th President of Indonesia (b.1940)
  • 2011 Eva Zeisel, Hungarian-born ceramic designer, dies at 105
  • 2011 Mirko Tremaglia, fiercely nationalist Italian politician, dies at 85
  • 2012 Rita Levi-Montalcini, neurologist and Nobel laureate, dies from natural causes at 103