On This Day in History for December 4

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 143

  • 1110 Syrian harbor city Saida (Sidon) surrenders to Crusaders
  • 1154 Adrian IV elected Pope. The only Englishman to become pontiff, Nicholas Breakspear was a member of the family which until recent years brewed beer in Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire.
  • 1197 Crusaders wound Rabbi Elezar ben Judah
  • 1259 Treaty of Paris: English King Henry III & French King Louis IX
  • 1489 Battle of Baza - Spanish army captures Baza from Moors

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1534 Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent occupies Baghdad

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1563 Council of Trent holds last session, after 18 years
  • 1619 38 colonists from Berkeley Parish, England disembark in Virginia and give thanks to God. Considered by many the first Thanksgiving in the Americas.
  • 1644 First European peace congress opens in Munster
  • 1655 Middelburg Neth forbids building of synagogue
  • 1665 Jean Racine's "Alexandre le Grand" premieres in Paris
  • 1674 Father Marquette builds first dwelling in what is now Chicago
  • 1676 Battle of Lund: A Danish army under the command of King Christian V of Denmark engages the Swedish army commanded by Field Marshal Simon Grundel-Helmfelt.
  • 1680 Hen in Rome lays an egg imprinted with comet not seen until Dec 16th
  • 1682 First General Assembly in Pennsylvania (Chester)
  • 1688 General John Churchill (later 1st Duke of Marlborough) changes allegiance from James II to William of Orange
  • 1691 Emperor Leopold I takes control of Transsylvania
  • 1691 Spanish king Carlos II names Maximilian II viceroy of Southern Netherlands
  • 1745 Bonnie Prince Charles reaches Derby
  • 1783 General Washington bids officers farewell at Fraunce's Tavern, NYC
  • 1791 Britain's Observer, oldest Sunday newspaper in the world, first published
  • 1798 Rebellious Flemish farmers occupy Hasselt
  • 1812 Peter Gaillard of Lancaster, Pennsylvania, patents a horse-drawn mower

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1816 James Monroe (VA), elected 5th US President, defeating Federalist Rufus King

5th US President James Monroe
5th US President
James Monroe
  • 1829 Britain outlaws "suttee" in India (widow burning herself to death on her husband's funeral pyre)
  • 1832 French army begins bombing citadel of Antwerp
  • 1833 American Anti-Slavery Society formed by Arthur Tappan in Philadelphia
  • 1836 Whig party holds its first national convention, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania
  • 1843 Manila paper (made from sails, canvas & rope) patented in Massachusetts
  • 1843 Robert Schumann's "Das Paradies und die Peri" premieres in Leipzig

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1844 James Knox Polk elected 11th US President

11th US President James Knox Polk
11th US President
James Knox Polk
  • 1851 Pres Louis Napoleon Boaparte's forces crush an attempted coup d'etat in France
  • 1863 Storm flood ravages The Netherlands coastal provinces
  • 1864 Battle of Waynesborough (Brier Creek), Georgia
  • 1864 Romanian Jews are forbidden to practice law
  • 1867 Former Minnesota farmer Oliver Hudson Kelley founds the Order of the Patrons of Husbandry (better known today as the Grange)
  • 1872 Ship the Mary Celeste is discovered mysteriously abandoned by her crew in the Atlantic Ocean

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1875 William Magear Tweed "Boss Tweed" (Tammany Hall, NYC) escapes from jail

Politician Boss Tweed
Politician
Boss Tweed
  • 1881 The first edition of the Los Angeles Times is published
  • 1889 Explorer Henery Morton Stanley's expedition reaches Bagamoyo in Indian Ocean
  • 1899 56th Congress (1899-1901) convenes
  • 1899 Webb Hayes, son of US President Rutherford Hayes, receives medal of honor
  • 1901 Anne Russell's play "'Girl and the judge" premieres in New York

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1905 British government of Arthur Balfour resigns

British Prime Minister Arthur Balfour
British Prime Minister
Arthur Balfour
  • 1906 Alpha Phi Alpha, first Black Greek Letter Fraternity, forms
  • 1908 Haiti's president General Alexis Nord flees from military coup
  • 1908 The world's ten leading maritime nations attend a Naval Conference in London; they agree on rules for blockade, convoys, and seizure of contraband
  • 1915 F F Fletcher is first US admiral to receive Congressional Medal of Honor
  • 1915 Ku Klux Klan receives charter from Fulton County, Ga
  • 1915 Panama-Pacific International Exposition closes in San Francisco

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 Henry Ford's peace ship, Oscar II, sails for Europe 'to get the boys out of the trenches by Christmas'

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford

Conference meetingConference of Interest

1918 US President Woodrow Wilson sails for Versailles Peace Conference in France, 1st President to travel outside US while in office

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1920 1st Pro football playoff game Buffalo-7, Canton-3 at Polo Grounds
  • 1921 The Virginia Rappe manslaughter trial against Roscoe 'Fatty' Arbuckle ends in a hung jury
  • 1922 Lucille Atcherson, becomes first woman legation sect-US foreign service
  • 1923 WEAF radio begins broadcasting Eveready Hour (variety show)
  • 1927 Pirates Paul Waner wins NL MVP
  • 1930 Vatican approves rhythm method for birth control

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 FDR creates Federal Alcohol Control Administration

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1933 Jack Kirkland's "Tobacco Road" premieres in NYC
  • 1935 1,200 at St Joseph's College (Philadelphia) enroll in anticommunism class
  • 1941 Nazi ordinance places Jews of Poland outside protection of courts
  • 1942 First US citizenship granted to an alien on foreign soil (James Hoey)
  • 1942 FDR orders dismantling of Works Progress Administration
  • 1942 US bombers struck Italian mainland for first time in WW II
  • 1942 Holocaust: In Warsaw, Zofia Kossak-Szczucka and Wanda Filipowicz set up the Żegota organization
  • 1943 -Dec 6] 2nd conference of Cairo: FDR, Winston Churchill & Turkish President İsmet İnönü
  • 1943 Yugoslavian resistance forms provisionary government under Dr Ribar
  • 1944 Germans destroy Rhine dikes, Betuwe flooded
  • 1945 Senate approves US participation in United Nations
  • 1947 USSR joins International Amateur Athletic Union
  • 1948 SS Kiangya hits mine in Whangpoo River, China, sinks killing 2,750
  • 1949 Duncan Stewart, 2nd British Governor of Sarawak is fatally stabbed in the streets of Sibu by Malay student Rosli Dhoby with help from Morshidi Sidek with the goal of helping neighbouring Indonesia to take over British Sarawak
  • 1951 Superheated gasses roll down Mount Catarman, Philippines, killing 500 people
  • 1951 Mir Waiz Maulvi Muhammad Yusouf is appointed President of Azad Kashmir Government.
  • 1952 Killer fogs begin in London, England; the term "Smog" is coined
  • 1952 Walter P. Reuther chosen chairman of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) in the US
  • 1954 The first Burger King is opened in Miami, Florida, USA
  • 1955 Mgr Alfrink installed as Archbishop of Utrecht
  • 1957 First edition of "Chase's Annual Events" published
  • 1957 2 commuter trains collide in heavy fog killing 92 (St John's, England)
  • 1958 Dahomey (Benin), Ivory Coast become autonomous within French Community
  • 1958 Finnish government of Fagerholm resigns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1961 Museum of Modern Art hangs Matisse's Le Bateau upside down for 47 days

Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse
  • 1961 Tanganyika becomes 104th member of UN
  • 1961 The female contraceptive 'pill' becomes available on the National Health Service in Britain
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Aldo Moro forms Italian government (1963-1968)

Italian Prime Minister Aldo Moro
Italian Prime Minister
Aldo Moro
  • 1963 Pope Paul VI closes 2nd session of 2nd Vatican Council
  • 1965 2 passenger planes collide above Danbury, Connecticut, 4 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1965 Gemini 7 launched with Frank Borman and Jim Lovell

Astronaut Frank Borman
Astronaut
Frank Borman
  • 1968 Following a civil rights march in Dungannon, Northern Ireland, there is a violent clash between Loyalists and those who are taking part in the march
  • 1970 Unemployment in US increases to 5.8%
  • 1971 The UN Security Council calls an emergency session to consider the deteriorating situation between India and Pakistan.
  • 1971 The Indian Navy attacks the Pakistan Navy and Karachi
  • 1971 McGurk's Bar bombing: the UVF explode a bomb at a Catholic-owned pub in Belfast, killing fifteen Catholic civilians and wounding seventeen others; this was the highest death toll from a single incident in Belfast during 'the Troubles'
  • 1974 Dutch DC-8 charter crashes in Sri Lanka killing 191 Muslim pilgrims

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Jean-Paul Sartre visits Red Army Faction leader Andreas Baader in prison

  • 1975 6 South Molukkans occupy Indonesian consulate in The Hague, 1 dead
  • 1977 Jean-Bedel Bokassa crowns himself ruler of Central African Empire

Birthdays in History

  • 1555 Heinrich Meibom, German historian and poet (d. 1625)
  • 1580 Samuel Argall, English adventurer and naval officer (d. 1626)
  • 1584 John Cotton, Puritan clergyman in Mass Bay colony
  • 1595 Jean Chapelain, French writer (d. 1674)
  • 1646 Alain Emmanuel de Coëtlogon, Marshal of France (d. 1730)
  • 1670 John Aislabie, English politician (d. 1742)
  • 1711 Barbara of Portugal, queen of Spain (d. 1758)
  • 1713 Gasparo Gozzi, Italian critic and dramatist (d. 1786)
  • 1777 Juliette Récamier, French socialite (d. 1849)
  • 1786 John LA Luyten, Catholic Member of Dutch 2nd parliament [or 12/14]

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1795 Thomas Carlyle, Scottish essayist and historian (French Revolution), born in Ecclefechan, Scotland (d. 1881)

Historian and Essayist Thomas Carlyle
Historian and Essayist
Thomas Carlyle
  • 1798 Jules Armand Dufaure, French statesman (d. 1881)
  • 1800 Emil Aarestrup, Danish physician/poet (Ritornellen)
  • 1803 Augustus Zerega diZerega, Martinique, ship owner (Red Z Lane)
  • 1808 Ernest Panckoucke, French publisher (Horatius)
  • 1812 Elias Smith Dennis, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Newburgh, New York (d. 1894)
  • 1818 William Wing "Old Blizzards" Loring, Mjr Gen (Confederate Army)
  • 1822 Frances Crabbe, England, feminist founded Anti-Vivisection Society
  • 1835 Samuel Butler, England, author (Erewhom, Way of All Flesh)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1840 Crazy Horse [Tashunka Witko], Oglala Sioux chief (Battle of the Little Bighorn), born in Fort Robinson, Nebraska (d. 1877)

Native American War Leader Crazy Horse
Native American War Leader
Crazy Horse
  • 1844 Franz Xavier Wernz, German Superior General of the Society of Jesus (d. 1914)
  • 1852 Orest Khvolson, Russian physicist (d. 1934)
  • 1858 Chester Greenwood, American inventor (invented earmuffs at 15), born in Farmington, Maine (d. 1937)
  • 1865 Edith Louisa Cavell, England, nurse (WW I)
  • 1866 Vassily V Kandinsky, Russian-born German, French abstract painter (Dreamy Inspiration), born in Moscow (d. 1944)
  • 1868 Richard N Roland Holst, Dutch artist/painter
  • 1875 Rainer Maria Rilke, Austrian poet (Ana, The City, Duino Elegies), born in Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1926)
  • 1876 Dimitur Poljanov, [Popov], Bulgaria, poet (Iron Poems)
  • 1881 Erwin von Witzleben, German fieldmarshal (July 20th plot)
  • 1883 Katharine Susannah Prichard, Australian author (d. 1969)
  • 1888 Aleksandar I Karadordjevic, king of Yugoslavia (1921-34)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1892 Francisco Franco, Spanish general and dictator (1936-75), born in Ferrol, Galicia, Spain (d. 1975)

Spanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco
Spanish Dictator and General
Francisco Franco
  • 1895 Nils FA Nilsson Piraten, Swedish writer (Bombi Bitt Och Jag)
  • 1895 Fung Yu-lan, Chinese philosopher (d. 1990)
  • 1896 Nikolai S Tichonov, Russian writer (against Pasternak) [NS]
  • 1897 Mari Andriessen, Dutch sculptor (Dock Worker)
  • 1899 Douwe Hermans Kiestra, [Harm Harmstra], Frisian farmer/writer
  • 1903 Alfred Leslie Rowse, historian
  • 1903 Cornell Woolrich, American writer (El Angel Negro)
  • 1905 Emilio Médici, president Brazil (1969-74)
  • 1907 Jo Boer, Dutch author (Catharina & the Magnolias)
  • 1908 A D Hershey, US, biologist, worked with bacteriophages (Nobel 1969)
  • 1910 Ramaswamy Venkataraman, president of India (1987-92)
  • 1912 John W Pritchard, [Ian Wallace], US, sci-fi author (Megalomania)
  • 1912 Pappy Boyington, American pilot (d. 1988)
  • 1913 Robert Adler, Austrian-American inventor (remote control for television), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 2007)
  • 1914 Rudolf Hausner, Austrian artist (d. 1995)
  • 1914 Claude Renoir, French cinematographer (d. 1993)
  • 1916 Ely Jacques Kahn, Jr., American writer (d. 1994)
  • 1920 Jeanne Manford, American gay rights activist, born in Flushing, New York (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Nadir Afonso, Chaves, Portugal, geometric abstractionist painter, (d. 2013)
  • 1923 Charles Keating, district attorney (Los Angeles California)
  • 1924 John Portman, SC, architect (Ivan Allen Award-1964)
  • 1928 Russell L Rogers, USAF/astronaut (X-20)
  • 1931 Wally George, American TV commentator (d. 2003)
  • 1932 Joanne Battiste, artist (heroines)
  • 1932 Roh Tae Woo, Taegu South Korea, President South Korea (1988-93)
  • 1935 Robert Vesco, American financier and fugitive
  • 1938 Andre Marrou, Libertarian Presidential candidate (1992)
  • 1938 Lynn Blessing, vibes Player
  • 1940 Gary Gilmore, American murderer (d. 1977)
  • 1945 Michael Gerzon, mathematician
  • 1945 Roberta Lynn Bondar, Ontario, astronaut (STS 42)
  • 1947 Ursula Krechel, writer
  • 1948 Lin Onus, Autralian Aboriginal artist, born in Melbourne (d. 1996)
  • 1952 Ronald Michael Sega, PhD/Astronaut (STS 60, 76), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1957 Eric S. Raymond, American open source advocate
  • 1959 Susan W Krebs, American politician
  • 1962 Kevin Richardson, English footballest
  • 1966 Suzanne Malveaux, American television news reporter
  • 1983 Jimmy Bartel, Australian rules footballer

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1878 Novelist Bram Stoker (31) weds Florence Balcombe (20) in Dublin, Ireland

Novelist Bram Stoker
Novelist
Bram Stoker
  • 1999 Philippe, Duke of Brabant and heir apparent to Belgium throne marries the honourable Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz
  • 2012 "Teen Mom 2" star Jenelle Evans (21) weds Courtland Rogers (26) at a courthouse in Brunswick County, North Carolina

Deaths in History

  • 765 Jafar Sadiq, Shia Imam (b. 702)
  • 811 Charles The Younger, King the of Franks, son of the Emperor Charlemagne, dies at about 39
  • 1075 Archbishop Anno II of Cologne
  • 1123 Omar Khayyám, Persian poet, astronomer, mathematician, and philosopher (b. 1048)
  • 1137 Lotharius III of Supplinburg, emperor (1125, 33-37), dies at 67
  • 1182 Henry, earl of Gelre/Zutphen (1141/79-82), dies
  • 1214 William I "the Lion", King of Scotland (1165-1214)
  • 1270 Theobald V of Champagne, King of Navarre
  • 1334 Pope John XXII (1316-1334) (b. 1249)
  • 1340 Henry Burghersh, English bishop and chancellor (b. 1292)
  • 1371 Reinald III, the Fat Duke, duke of Gelre (1343-61), dies at 38
  • 1371 Stefanus X Uros V, king of Serbia (1355-71), dies
  • 1459 Adolf VIII, Duke of Southern Jutland (b. 1401)
  • 1514 Richard Hunne, English "heretic", commits suicide(?)
  • 1576 Rheticus, mathematician, dies
  • 1585 John Willock, Scottish reformer
  • 1603 Maarten de Vos, Flemish painter, dies at about 71
  • 1609 Alexander Hume, Scottish poet
  • 1642 Armand-Jean Duplessis Richelieu, bishop of Lucon, dies at about 57
  • 1649 Outgert Arisz Akersloot, Dutch silversmith, dies at about 73
  • 1649 William Drummond of Hawthornden, Scottish poet (b. 1585)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1679 Thomas Hobbes, English philosopher (Leviathan), dies of a stroke at 91

Philosopher Thomas Hobbes
Philosopher
Thomas Hobbes
  • 1680 Thomas Bartholin, Danish physician, mathematician, and theologian (b. 1616)
  • 1696 Empress Meishō, Japan (b. 1624)
  • 1798 Luigi Galvani, Italian anatomy/physicist, dies at 61
  • 1807 Prince Hall, activist/Masonic leader, dies in Boston

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1828 Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Tory: 1812-27), dies of a stroke at 58

British Prime Minister Robert Jenkinson
British Prime Minister
Robert Jenkinson
  • 1893 Allan Wilson, British/Rhodesian Major, dies in battle against the Ndebeles during First Matabele War
  • 1893 John Tyndall, Irish physicist who demonstrated why the sky is blue and proved that the Earth's atmosphere has a greenhouse effect, dies at 73
  • 1902 Charles Dow, American journalist (Dow Jones & Company - Wall Street Journal) (b. 1851)
  • 1909 Paul-Albert Besnard, French painter/graphic artist (Elle), dies at 60
  • 1926 Ivana Kobilca, Slovenian-born painter (b. 1861)
  • 1932 Gustav Meyrink, writer, dies at 64
  • 1933 Stefan George, German poet (Das neue Reich), dies at 65
  • 1943 Carlo Mierendorff, German politician/antifascist, dies at 46
  • 1945 Thomas Hunt Morgan, American evolutionary biologist, geneticist and embryologist (Nobel Prize 1933), dies at 79
  • 1948 Karl Bonhoeffer, German psychiatrist/neurologist, dies
  • 1951 Pedro Salinas, Spanish writer (Generation of 1927), dies at 61
  • 1952 Karen Horney, German/US neo freudian psycho analyst, dies at 67
  • 1956 Alexander Rodchenko, Russian painter and photographer, dies at 64
  • 1959 Rosetta Duncan, (Duncan Sisters), dies in an auto accident at 58
  • 1967 Bert Lahr, [Irving Lahrheim], American comic and actor (The Wizard of Oz), dies at 72
  • 1969 Fred Hampton, US Black-Panther leader, murdered
  • 1971 Shunryu Suzuki, Zen teacher, founder of SF Zen Center, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1975 Hannah Arendt, German/US political theorist and historian, dies at 69

Political Theorist Hannah Arendt
Political Theorist
Hannah Arendt
  • 1976 W. F. McCoy, Northern Irish politician (b. 1886)
  • 1978 Samuel Abraham Goldsmith, Neth/US phycists, dies at 76
  • 1984 John Rock, US co-developer of anti-conceptiepil, dies at 94
  • 1986 Reuben Nakian, US sculptor, dies at 89
  • 1987 Rouben Mamoulian, dir (Dr Jekyll & Mr Hyde), dies at 90
  • 1988 Osman Achmatowicz, Polish chemist (b. 1899)
  • 1993 Frank Sturgis, watergate burglar, dies at 68
  • 1993 Hetty de Boer-Jongkind, Dutch medical astrologist, dies at 42
  • 1993 Margaret Landon, US author (Anna & the King of Siam), dies at 90
  • 1994 Geoffery Rudolph Elton, historiographer, dies at 73
  • 1994 Jakob Kaplan, French head rabbi (1955-81), dies at 99
  • 1994 Julio Ramon Ribeyro, Peruvian playwright, dies at 66
  • 1994 Robert Jesse Charleston, museum curator, dies at 78
  • 1994 Thomas Roy Garrett, museum curator, dies at 63
  • 1995 Adrianne Jones, killed by David Graham & Diane Zamora, at 16
  • 1996 Basil Nield, judge/politician, dies at 83
  • 1996 Muriel Monkhouse, Red Cross worker, dies at 86
  • 1997 David Abell Wood, priest, dies at 72
  • 1999 Rose Bird, American judge (b. 1936)
  • 2000 H. C. Artmann, Austrian writer, dies at 79
  • 2005 Errol Brathwaite, New Zealand author (b. 1924)
  • 2007 Norval Morrisseau, Canadian artist (b. 1932)
  • 2007 Chip Reese, American professional poker player (b. 1951)
  • 2012 Vasily Belov, Russian author, dies at 80
  • 2012 Jack Brooks, American politician, dies at 89
  • 2012 Besse Cooper, American supercentenarian and world