On This Day in History for December 5

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 139


Event of interestEvent of Interest

63 BC Cicero reads the last of his Catiline Orations

Roman Statesman & Philosopher Cicero
Roman Statesman & Philosopher
Cicero
  • 663 Fourth Council of Toledo takes place

Event of interestEvent of Interest

771 Charlemagne becomes the sole King of the Franks after the death of his brother Carloman

Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne
Holy Roman Emperor
Charlemagne
  • 1082 Ramon Berenguer II, Count of Barcelona is assassinated
  • 1301 Pope Boniface VIII's degree Ausculta fili (only nominee)
  • 1349 500 Jews of Nuremberg massacred during Black Death riots
  • 1360 The French Franc is created
  • 1408 Emir Edigu of Golden Horde reaches Moscow
  • 1448 Bishop Jona of Moscow chosen as metropolitan of Kiev/Intoxication
  • 1456 Earthquake strikes Naples; about 35,000 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1492 Columbus discovers Hispaniola (El Espanola/Haiti)

Explorer of the New World Christopher Columbus
Explorer of the New World
Christopher Columbus
  • 1496 Jews are expelled from Portugal by order of King Manuel I
  • 1590 Niccolo Sfondrati chosen as Pope Gregory XIV
  • 1602 Giulio Caccini's "Euridice" premieres in Florence

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1717 English pirate Blackbeard ransacks the merchant sloop "Margaret" and keeps her captain, Henry Bostock prisoner for 8 hours before releasing him. Bostock later provides 1st record of Blackbeard's appearance, and the source for his name

Pirate Blackbeard
Pirate
Blackbeard
  • 1741 -6] Russian princess Elisabeth Petrovna grabs powers
  • 1746 Revolt in Genoa against Spanish rule.
  • 1757 Battle of Leuthen: Prussian army beats Austrians
  • 1766 London auctioneers Christie's hold their first sale
  • 1775 At Fort Ticonderoga, Henry Knox begins his historic transport of artillery to Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • 1776 First US fraternity, Phi Beta Kappa (William & Mary College), forms

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1792 George Washington re-elected as US President

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington
  • 1798 Dutch troops occupy Hasselt

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1804 Thomas Jefferson re-elected US President, George Clinton Vice President

3rd US President Thomas Jefferson
3rd US President
Thomas Jefferson
  • 1813 Lübeck surrenders to allied armies
  • 1815 Foundation of Maceió in Brazil.
  • 1830 Hector Berlioz' "Symphonique Fantastique" premieres in Paris
  • 1831 Former US President John Q Adams takes his seat as a member of House of Representatives

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1832 Andrew Jackson re-elected President of US

US President & General Andrew Jackson
US President & General
Andrew Jackson
  • 1835 - 10th: Assault on Mexican-held San Antonio by Texan rebels
  • 1837 Hector Berlioz' "Requiem" premieres
  • 1837 Uprising under William Lyon Mackenzie in Canada
  • 1846 C F Schoenbein obtains patent for cellulose nitrate explosive

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1847 Jefferson Davis is elected to the US senate, his first political post.

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1848 US President Polk triggers Gold Rush of 1849 by confirming gold discovery in California
  • 1854 Aaron Allen of Boston patents folding theater chair
  • 1859 Dion Boucicault's "Octaroon" premieres in NYC
  • 1862 Battle of Coffeeville, MS
  • 1865 Chincha Islands War: Peru allies with Chile against Spain.
  • 1876 Daniel Stillson (Mass) patents 1st practical pipe wrench
  • 1876 Fire at Brooklyn Theater kills 295, trampled or burned to death
  • 1879 1st automatic telephone switching system patented
  • 1881 47th Congress (1881-83) convenes
  • 1887 Stanley's expedition reaches plateau at Lake Albert Congo
  • 1892 Anti-semite Hermann Ahlwardt elected to Germany's Reichstag

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1892 Sir John Thompson becomes the fourth Prime Minister of Canada.

4th Prime Minister of Canada John Thompson
4th Prime Minister of Canada
John Thompson
  • 1893 1st electric car (built in Toronto) could go 15 miles between charges
  • 1894 Georges Feydeaus' "L'hôtel du libre échange" premieres in Paris
  • 1896 Henrik Ibsen's "Kejsor og Galileer" premieres in Leipzig
  • 1905 Henry Campbell-Bannermam (Lib) becomes UK PM
  • 1908 1st US football uniform numerals used (University of Pittsburgh)
  • 1912 The Triple Alliance among Italy, Austria, and Germany (originally signed in 1882) is renewed for six years, beginning in 1914, a move inspired by instability in the Balkans
  • 1914 The Italian Parliament proclaims the neutrality of the country.
  • 1917 Austro-German Forces launch an offensive against the Italians on the western end of their line, around Asiago
  • 1918 Oil refinery on Curacao opens
  • 1920 Pro football playoff game Akron & Buffalo 0-0 tie, title undecided
  • 1920 Dimitrios Rallis forms a government in Greece.
  • 1925 Hans Luther forced to resign as Chancellor and head of the German Weimar government
  • 1926 Sergei Eisenstein's "Battleship Potemkin" debuts
  • 1928 England defeats Australia by record 675 runs at Brisbane
  • 1928 MW Miklas elected president of Austria
  • 1929 1st US nudist organization (American League for Physical Culture, NYC)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 German physicist Albert Einstein granted a visa to enter America

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • 1933 21st Amendment to the US Constitution ratified, 18th Amendment (Prohibition of alcohol) repealed (5:32 PM EST)
  • 1935 First commercial hydroponics operation established (Montebello, California)
  • 1935 National Council of Negro Women forms by Mary McLeod Bethune (NYC)
  • 1936 Armenian SSR, Azerbaijan SSR, Georgian SSR, Kazakh SSR & Kirghiz SSR becomes constituent republics of Soviet Union
  • 1941 Football Writers Association of America organized
  • 1941 Patrick Hamilton's "Angel Street" premieres in NYC
  • 1941 Soviet anti-offensive in Moscow drives out Nazi army
  • 1941 Sister Elizabeth Kenny new treatment for infantile paralysis approved
  • 1941 US aircraft carrier Lexington and 5 heavy cruisers leave Pearl Harbor
  • 1942 Seyss-Inquart orders students in nazi-Germany to work
  • 1942 West Indies chocolate/coffee drop above Netherland
  • 1944 German troops steal all the silver coin in Utrecht
  • 1945 "Lost Squadron" crashes east of Florida (Bermuda Triangle)
  • 1945 Special Council of Annulment affirms death sentence of Max Blokzijl

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1946 US President Harry Truman creates Committee on Civil Rights by Exec Order #9808

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • 1950 Sikkim becomes a protectorate of India
  • 1952 -8] worst smog in London ever, 4-8,000 die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1955 Historic bus boycott begins in Montgomery Alabama by Rosa Parks

Civil Rights Activist Rosa Parks
Civil Rights Activist
Rosa Parks
  • 1955 The American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations merge and form the AFL-CIO.
  • 1956 Thornton Wilder's "Matchmaker" premieres in NYC
  • 1957 William Inge's "Dark at the Top of the Stairs" premieres in NYC
  • 1957 NYC is first US city to legislate against racial or religious discrimination in housing market (Fair Housing Practices Law)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1957 President Sukarno of Indonesia expels all Dutch people.

1st President of Indonesia Sukarno
1st President of Indonesia
Sukarno

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1958 Subscriber Trunk Dialling (STD) is inaugurated in the UK by Queen Elizabeth II when she speaks to the Lord Provost in a call from Bristol to Edinburgh.

Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II
Queen of the United Kingdom
Elizabeth II
  • 1958 The Preston bypass, the UK's first stretch of motorway, opens to traffic for the first time. It is now part of the M6 and M55 motorways.
  • 1959 Intikhab Alam bowls Colin McDonald with 1st ball in Tests
  • 1960 Ghana drops diplomatic relations with Belgium
  • 1964 Vietnam War: for his heroism in battle earlier in the year, Captain Roger Donlon is awarded the first Medal of Honor of the war.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Benjamin Spock & Allen Ginsberg arrested protesting against Vietnam war

Pediatrician Benjamin Spock
Pediatrician
Benjamin Spock
Beat Poet Allen Ginsberg
Beat Poet
Allen Ginsberg
  • 1969 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1970 Premiere of Dario Fo's Morte accidentale di un anarchico
  • 1971 Libya nationalizes British Petroleum concession
  • 1972 Australia Labour party wins parliamentary election
  • 1972 Joseph A Walker's "River Niger" premieres in NYC
  • 1974 1st World Football League Bowl, Birmingham Americans beat Florida
  • 1974 Airport terminal roof in Tehran collapses killing 17
  • 1974 Oliver Tilden Triangle in the Bronx named

Birthdays in History

  • 1377 Jianwen Emperor of China (d. 1402)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1443 Julius II, Italian Pope (1503-13) and patron of Michelangelo, Bramante and Raphael, born in Albisola, Republic of Genoa (d. 1513)

The Warrior Pope Julius II
The Warrior Pope
Julius II
  • 1495 Nicolas Cleynaerts, Flemish grammarian (d. 1542)
  • 1537 Ashikaga Yoshiaki, Japanese shogun (d. 1597)
  • 1539 Fausto Paolo Sozzini, Italian theologian (d. 1604)
  • 1545 Janus Dousa, [Johan van de Does], Dutch politician/poet
  • 1547 Ubbo Emmius, [van Embden], Dutch-Frisian humanist/historian
  • 1661 Robert Haley, earl of Oxford/English premier (Whig, 1710-14)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1782 Martin Van Buren, 8th US president (Democrat: 1837-41), born in Kinderhook, New York (d. 1862)

8th US President Martin Van Buren
8th US President
Martin Van Buren
  • 1786 Henry Drummond, English banker and religious leader
  • 1803 Fyodor Ivanovich Tyutchev, Russian poet (d. 1873)
  • 1820 Afanasy Fet, Russian poet (d. 1892)
  • 1822 Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz, American college president (d. 1907)
  • 1824 Titian James Coffey, Atty Gen (Union), (d. 1867)
  • 1826 John Benjamin Sanborn, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1904)
  • 1829 Henri-Gustave Joly de Lotbinière, French Canadian politician (d. 1908)
  • 1830 Christina Rossetti, poet (Winter Rain, Passing Away), born in London, England

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1839 George Armstrong Custer, United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the American Indian Wars, born in New Rumley, Ohio (d. 1876)

  • 1841 Marcus Daly, American mining tycoon (d. 1900)
  • 1855 Clinton Hart Merriam, American ornithologist (d. 1942)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1859 John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe, British Admiral of the Fleet, born in Southampton (d. 1935)

British Admiral of the Fleet John Rushworth Jellicoe
British Admiral of the Fleet
John Rushworth Jellicoe
  • 1861 Armando V Diaz, Italian marshal/minister of War (1922-24)
  • 1863 Paul P Painlevé, French PM (1917, 1925), mathematician [OS]
  • 1867 Józef Piłsudski, Polish revolutionary and statesman (d. 1935)
  • 1867 Antti Aarne, Finnish folklorist (d. February 2, 1925)
  • 1868 Arnold Sommerfeld, German physicist (d. 1951)
  • 1869 Ellis Parker Butler, American author (d. 1937)
  • 1871 Bill Pickett, American cowboy and rodeo performer who invented bulldogging, born in Jenks-Branch, Texas (d. 1932)
  • 1872 Harry N Pillsbury, US chess player
  • 1875 Sir Arthur Currie, Canadian soldier (d. 1933)
  • 1879 Clyde Cessna, American airplane manufacturer (d. 1954)
  • 1885 Dirk H W Filarski, Dutch painter/lithographer (Bergense School)
  • 1886 Pieter J Old, lawyer/minister of Finance/mayor of Rotterdam (1945-52)
  • 1890 Fritz Lang, Germany, director (M, Metropolis)
  • 1890 David Bomberg, English painter (d. 1957)
  • 1891 Alexander Rodchenko, Russian painter and photographer, born in St Petersburg (d. 1956)
  • 1892 Ferdinand Schörner, German field marshal (d. 1973)
  • 1894 Charles Robberts, Winburg district of the Orange Free State, The first State President of South Africa
  • 1895 Elbert Frank Cox, American mathematician (d. 1969)
  • 1896 (Lady Huxley) Juliette Baillot, author
  • 1896 Willem F M Lampe, Dutch ambassador of the Dutch Antilles
  • 1898 Josh Malihabadi, Urdu poet of India and Pakistan (d. 1982)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1901 Walt [Walter Elias] Disney, animator, (Mickey Mouse), producer and co-founder of Walt Disney Co., born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1966)

Animator Walt Disney
Animator
Walt Disney
  • 1901 Werner Heisenberg, German physicist/discovered uncertainty (Nobel 32)
  • 1901 Milton H. Erickson, American psychiatrist (d. 1980)
  • 1902 [Steve James] Strom Thurmond, (Sen-D/R-SC)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1903 Cecil Frank Powell, English physicist who discovered pion (pi-meson), a subatomic particle (Nobel 1950), born in Tonbridge, Kent, England (d. 1969)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Cecil Frank Powell
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Cecil Frank Powell
  • 1907 Lin Biao, Chinese Communist Marshal during the Civil War and party leader, born in Huanggang, Hubei, Qing Empire (d. 1971)
  • 1907 Giuseppe Occhialini, Italian physicist (d. 1993)
  • 1910 Abraham L Polonsky, US writer/director (Tell them Willie Boy is Here)
  • 1911 Alfred Manessier, French painter (leaded windows)
  • 1912 Maisie Fitter, editor/conservationist
  • 1914 Hans Hellmut Kirst, German author (d. 1989)
  • 1917 Simone Gallimard, publisher
  • 1919 Victor Collin Matthews, businessman
  • 1921 George Henderson, priest/politician
  • 1923 Vladimir Tendryakov, Russian writer (Three, Seven, Ace), born in Makarovskaya, Vologda Oblast (d. 1984)
  • 1925 Anastasio Somoza Debayle [Tachito], President of Nicaragua (1967-72 and 1974-79), born in León, Nicaragua (d. 1980)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1927 Bhumibol Adulyadej [Rama IX], King of Thailand (1946-2016), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 2016)

King of Thailand Bhumibol Adulyadej
King of Thailand
Bhumibol Adulyadej
  • 1932 Fazu Aliyeva, Russian poet, novelist and journalist who helped develop Dagestani in Russian literature, born in Khunzakhsky District, Soviet Union (d. 2016)
  • 1933 Edward Daly, Irish Bishop "Bloody Sunday" priest, born in Belleek, County Fermanagh (d. 2016)
  • 1934 Joan Didion, US author and journalist (The year of Magical Thinking), born in Sacramento, California
  • 1935 Calvin Trillin, author (New Yorker)
  • 1936 James Lee Burke, American writer
  • 1940 Peter Pohl, Swedish writer
  • 1941 David Wilson, English contractor/multi-millionaire
  • 1943 Eva Joly, Norwegian-born French magistrate
  • 1945 J W "Corkey" Fornof, stunt coordinator (Octopussy), born in New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1945 Jocelyn, Italian entertainer
  • 1947 Jugderdemidjin Gurragcha, Mongolia, cosmonaut (Soyuz 39)
  • 1947 Bruce Golding, Jamaican politician
  • 1947 Tony Gregory, Irish politician
  • 1949 Bruce E Melnick, American Cmdr USCG/astronaut (STS 41, STS 49), born in NYC, New York
  • 1949 Ray Comfort, New Zealand evangelist
  • 1951 Anne-Mie van Kerckhoven, Belgian artist
  • 1959 Nikki Gianulias, Vallejo California, bowler (LPBT Rookie of Year 1979)
  • 1963 Doctor Dre, American radio personality
  • 1967 Konstantin-Assen, Prince of Vidin, titular Bulgarian royal family
  • 1970 Heather Crickard, Miss Oklahoma USA (1996)
  • 1973 Luboš Motl, Czech physicist
  • 1975 Ronnie O'Sullivan, English snooker player
  • 1994 Emily Marie Estefan, daughter of Gloria & Emilio

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1926 Gangster Carlo Gambino (24) weds his first cousin Catherine Castellano

Gangster Carlo Gambino
Gangster
Carlo Gambino
  • 1932 "East of Eden" director Elia Kazan (23) weds playwright Molly Day Thatcher (25)
  • 1947 "Spider-Man" creator Stan Lee (24) weds Joan Clayton Boocock

Deaths in History

  • 63 BC Publius Cornelius Lentulus (Sura), Roman statesman
  • 749 Saint John of Damascus, theologian
  • 1212 Derek II of Are, Bishop of Utrecht (1197-1212), dies
  • 1244 Johanna of Constantinople, countess of Flanders (1205-44), dies
  • 1355 Jan III, duke of Brabant/Limburg, dies
  • 1560 Francis II, King of France (1559-60), dies at 16
  • 1570 Johan Friis, Danish statesman (b. 1494)
  • 1594 Gerardus Mercator, Flemish philosopher/cartographer, dies at 82
  • 1624 Gaspard Bauhin, Swiss botanist (b. 1560)
  • 1654 Jean François Sarrazin, French writer
  • 1675 John Lightfoot, English theologist (Horae Hebraicae), dies at 73
  • 1749 Pierre Gaultier de Varennes et de la Vérendrye, New French explorer and trader (b. 1685)
  • 1770 James Stirling, Scot mathematician (Formula of Stirling), dies at 78

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1784 Phillis Wheatley, American poet and first published African-American woman, dies in Boston at 31

  • 1818 Bruno Daalberg/Anonymus Belga, sect of High Council Adel, dies at 60
  • 1819 Friedrich Leopold Graf zu Stolberg, German poet (b. 1750)
  • 1835 August v Platen, writer, dies at 39
  • 1859 Louis Poinsot, French mathematician/instrument maker, dies at 82

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1870 Alexandre Dumas, French writer ('The Three Musketeers', 'The Count of Monte Cristo') dies at 68

  • 1886 Peter Hofstede de Groot, Dutch reformed theologist, dies at 84
  • 1887 Eliza Roxcy Snow, American poet (b. 1804)
  • 1891 JKLSBFXvPSMGRG Pedro II of Alcantara, emp of Brazil (1831-89), dies
  • 1895 Chief Gall, Sioux chief (b. 1840)
  • 1922 Samuel Muller Fzn, Dutch historian/archivist, dies
  • 1925 Wilhelmina E Drucker, [Lensing], Dutch feminist, dies at 78

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1926 Claude Monet, French impressionist, dies at 86

Impressionist Painter Claude Monet
Impressionist Painter
Claude Monet
  • 1931 Vachel Lindsay, American poet (b. 1879)
  • 1935 Frans, [MJ Francois] Erens, literary (Years Gone By), dies at 78
  • 1940 Mordechai Frizis, Jewish Greek military officer (b. 1893)
  • 1950 Shri Aurobindo, Indian guru (b. 1872)
  • 1951 "Shoeless" Joe Jackson, of baseball's black sox scandal, dies
  • 1951 Abanindranath Tagore, Indian writer (b. 1871)
  • 1958 Ferdinand Bruckner, writer, dies at 67
  • 1963 Herbert H Lehman, (Gov-D-NY), dies
  • 1963 Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy, Prime Minister of Pakistan (b. 1892)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1965 Joseph Erlanger, American physiologist (shock therapy-Nobel 1944), dies of heart disease at 91

Physiologist Joseph Erlanger
Physiologist
Joseph Erlanger
  • 1977 Aleksandr Vasilevsky, Soviet military commander (b. 1895)
  • 1979 Sonia Delaunay, Russian born French artist, dies at 94
  • 1983 Robert Aldrich, dir/producer (Last Sunset), dies at 65
  • 1984 Adam Malik, Third Vice President of Indonesia (b. 1917)
  • 1986 Sir Edward Youde, Governor of Hong Kong (b. 1924)
  • 1990 Steven Shaw, dies at 25
  • 1991 Jill Browne, dies at 54
  • 1991 Richard Speck, mass murderer, dies a day before his 50th birthday
  • 1992 Hilary Tindall, dies of cancer at 54
  • 1992 Sergei Aleksandrovich Yemelyanov, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 41
  • 1993 Alexandre Trauber, Hungarian/French set designer (Harem), dies at 87
  • 1993 Arthur Staal, Dutch architect (Shell Tower Amsterdam), dies at 86
  • 1994 Richard Brian Waring Barton-Chapple, writer, dies at 69
  • 1994 Ronald Ridout, school textbook author, dies at 78
  • 1995 Robert Charles Evans, mountaineer/doctor, dies at 77
  • 1995 Victor Collin Matthews, businessman, dies on 76th birthday
  • 1995 Gwen Harwood, Australian poet (b. 1920)
  • 1995 Lisa McPherson, former Scientologist (b. 1959)
  • 1995 Stanley K Runcorn, British Geophysicist (reversals of earth's magnetic field), dies at 73
  • 1997 Colin Franklin, doctor, dies at 67
  • 1997 Daphne Fielding, socialite/writer, dies at 93
  • 1998 Al Gore, Sr., American politician (b. 1907)
  • 2001 Franco Rasetti, Italian physicist (b. 1901)
  • 2002 Ne Win, Burmese leader (b. 1911)
  • 2005 Ed Masry, American lawyer (b. 1932)
  • 2005 Kevin "Big Kev" McQuay, Australian businessman (b. 1949)
  • 2005 Frits Philips, Dutch businessman (b. 1905)
  • 2006 David Bronstein, Ukrainian-born chess grandmaster (b. 1924)
  • 2008 Patriarch Alexy II of Russia, head of the Russian Orthodox Church (b. 1929)
  • 2008 Constantin Ticu Dumitrescu, Romanian politician and president of the Association of Romanian Former Political Prisoners. (b. 1928)
  • 2009 Vimolchatra, Princess of Thailand and cousin of King Bhumibol Adulyadej (b. 1921)
  • 2012 Oscar Niemeyer, Brazilian architect, dies from a respiratory infection at 104

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2013 Nelson Mandela, anti-apartheid activist, political prisoner (1962-90) and South African President (1994-99), dies of a lung infection at 95

Anti-apartheid activist and South African President Nelson Mandela
Anti-apartheid activist and South African President
Nelson Mandela
  • 2013 Colin Wilson, English writer, dies at 82
  • 2016 E. R. Braithwaite, Guyanese diplomat and writer (To Sir with Love), dies at 104
  • 2016 Shirley Hazzard, Australian-born author (Transit of Venus), dies at 85