On This Day in History for December 8

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 115

  • 1326 Daitokuji temple, Rinzai line, established in Kyoto by Daito Kokushi
  • 1609 Biblioteca Ambrosiana opens its reading room, the second public library of Europe.
  • 1659 Mexican border town Ciudad Juárez is founded by Fray García de San Francisco.
  • 1710 Battle of Brihuega in the War of the Spanish Succession: British General James Stanhope captured by French & Spanish forces

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1776 George Washington's retreating army crosses Delaware River from NJ

First US President George Washington
First US President
George Washington

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1777 Captain James Cook leaves Society Islands

Captain/Explorer James Cook
Captain/Explorer
James Cook
  • 1792 1st cremation in US, Henry Laurens
  • 1794 1st issue of Herald of Rutland, VT published
  • 1846 Hector Berlioz's "La Damnation de Faust" premieres
  • 1852 Gustav Freytag's "Die Journalisten" premieres in Breslau
  • 1854 Pope Pius IX proclaims Immaculate Conception, makes Mary, free of Original Sin
  • 1857 1st production of Dion Boucicault's "Poor of New York"
  • 1863 2,500 reported killed as result of fire at Jesuit Church of La Compana, Santiago, Chile

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1863 Abraham Lincoln issues his Amnesty Proclamation and plan for Reconstruction of the South

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1864 Pope Pius IX publishes encyclical Quanta cura ("Syllabus errorum")
  • 1869 20th Roman Catholic ecumenical council, Vatican I, opens in Rome
  • 1869 Timothy Eaton founds T. Eaton Co. Limited in Toronto, Canada.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1874 Jesse James gang takes train at Muncie Kansas

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • 1875 Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Volki i Ovsty" premieres in St Petersburg
  • 1876 Suriname begins compulsory education for 7-12 years
  • 1880 5,000 armed Boers gather in Paardekraal, South Africa
  • 1881 Vienna's Ring Theater destroyed by fire, kills between 640-850

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1886 American Federation of Labor (AFL) formed by 26 craft unions Samuel Gompers elected AFL president

Founder of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers
Founder of the American Federation of Labor
Samuel Gompers
  • 1895 Battle at Amba Alagi: Ethiopian Emperor Menelik II drives Italian General Baratieri out
  • 1896 Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of Missing 3 Quarter" (BG)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1902 Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr became Associate Justice on US Supreme Court

  • 1907 King Gustaf V of Sweden accedes to the Swedish throne.
  • 1909 Bird banding society found
  • 1913 Construction starts on Palace of Fine Arts in SF
  • 1914 Battle of the Falkland Island: British Royal Navy destroys a German battle squadron
  • 1914 Boers rebelling against the British have recently suffered several defeats; today, one of their leaders, General Beyers, accidently drowns

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1915 John McCrae's poem "In Flanders Fields" appears anonymously in "Punch" magazine

World War I Soldier & Poet John McCrae
World War I Soldier & Poet
John McCrae
  • 1921 Eamon de Valera publicly repudiates Anglo-Irish Treaty
  • 1923 German-US friendship treaty signed
  • 1923 Labour/Liberals win British parliament
  • 1923 Salary & price freeze in Germany
  • 1930 Broadway Theater opens at 1681 Broadway NYC
  • 1931 Coaxial cable patented
  • 1934 Friedrich Wolf's "Professor Mamlock" premieres in Zurich
  • 1935 The Japanese military police launches a violent suppression of the religious sect Oomoto, beginning with a crackdown on the sect's operational bases of Ayabe and Kameoka in Kyoto Prefecture and the arrest of its leader Onisaburo Deguchi.
  • 1936 Anastasio Somoza García elected President of Nicaragua
  • 1936 NAACP files suit to equalize salaries of black & white teachers
  • 1938 Highest temperature for December in US recorded in La Mesa Calif
  • 1938 LP Beria follows Nikolai Jezjov as head of Russian secret police
  • 1941 Chełmno extermination camp opens, 50 kilometres from Łódź, Poland
  • 1941 London: Dutch government-in-exile declares war on Japan
  • 1941 Russian 16th army recaptures Krijukovo
  • 1941 San Francisco 1st blackout, at 6:15 PM
  • 1941 US & Britain declare war on Japan, US enters WW II
  • 1941 President Roosevelt delivers "Day of Infamy" speech to US Congress a day after the bombing of Pearl Harbor
  • 1943 John Van Druten's "Voice of the Turtle" premieres in NYC
  • 1946 US Army rocket plane XS-1 makes 1st powered flight
  • 1948 Jordan annexs Arabic Palestine
  • 1949 Chinese Nationalist government moves from Chinese mainland to Formosa
  • 1951 AL alters its restrictions on night games, adopting NL's suspended game rule & lifting its ban on lights for Sunday games
  • 1952 1st TV acknowledgement of pregnancy (I Love Lucy)
  • 1952 French troops shoot on demonstrators at Casablanca, 50 die
  • 1952 Isaak Ben-Zwi elected president of Israel

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1953 Dwight D. Eisenhower gives his "Atoms for Peace" speech at the UN in New York.

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1954 Maxwell Anderson's "Bad Seed" premieres in NYC
  • 1955 Turkish government of Menderes forms
  • 1956 1st test firing of Vanguard satellite program, TV-0
  • 1959 Dom Mintoff demands independence for Malta
  • 1961 Antwerp Belgium diocese forms
  • 1961 South Africa v NZ, Durban debuts for Eddie Barlow & Peter Pollock
  • 1962 114-day newspaper strike begins in NYC
  • 1962 Attempted coup in British-controlled Brunei
  • 1962 Funeral for Queen Wilhelmina of Holland (New Kerk, Delft)
  • 1963 Frank Sinatra Jr is kidnapped
  • 1963 Pan Am Flight 214 crashes outside Elkton, Maryland with 81 killed. Only case of lighting causing air crash
  • 1965 Abe Burrows' "Cactus Flower" premieres in NYC
  • 1965 Nikolai Podgorny succeeds Mikojan as president of USSR
  • 1965 Pope Paul VI signs 2nd Vatican council
  • 1966 US & USSR sign treaty to prohibit nuclear weapons in outer space
  • 1969 Greek DC-6B crashes in storm at Athens, 93 killed
  • 1969 Police surprise attack on Black-Panthers in LA
  • 1970 Head of the Catholic Church in Ireland Cardinal William Conway publishes a pamphlet on the topic of segregation in education in Northern Ireland
  • 1972 United Airlines crashes at Chicago's Midway Airport killing 45
  • 1974 Greek monarchy rejected by referendum
  • 1974 Irish Republican Socialist Party forms
  • 1974 Soyuz 16 returns to Earth
  • 1976 UN General Assembly re-elects Kurt Waldheim Secretary-General
  • 1976 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1977 Portugal's premier Mário Soares resigns

President of Portugal Mário Soares
President of Portugal
Mário Soares
  • 1980 "Bravo" network premieres on cable TV
  • 1981 France performs nuclear test
  • 1982 Clark Gilles fails in 7th Islander penalty shot
  • 1982 Suriname army leader Bouterse murders 15 opponents
  • 1982 Norman Mayer holds Washington Monument hostage, demanding an end to nuclear weapons. Is killed by police after 10 hrs (he had no explosives)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1982 Colombian writer Gabriel García Márquez receives the Nobel Prize for Literature

Colombian Writer Gabriel García Márquez
Colombian Writer
Gabriel García Márquez
  • 1983 9th Space Shuttle Mission, Columbia 6, lands at Edwards AFB
  • 1983 Richard Baker, Zen teacher, steps down from abbotship of SF Zen Center
  • 1984 Europe & 64 developing countries sign Lome III treaty
  • 1985 Ken O'Brien's 96 yard TD pass (NY Jet record) to Wesley Walker
  • 1986 House Dems select majority leader Jim Wright as 48th speaker
  • 1987 Occupied Palestinians start "intefadeh" (uprising) against Israel
  • 1987 The Alianza Lima air disaster.
  • 1989 Great Britain performs nuclear test
  • 1990 Galileo Earth-1 Flyby
  • 1990 Indians agree to a lease new ballpark in Gateway (Jacobs Field)

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

65 BC Horace, Roman Republican poet (Odes), born in Venosa, Italy (d. 8 BC)

Roman Poet Horace
Roman Poet
Horace
  • 1508 Gemma Frisius, [Jemme Reinersz], Frisian geographer/astronomer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1542 Mary Stuart, Queen of Scotland (1560-87), born in Linlithgow Palace, Scotland (d. 1587)

Queen of Scotland Mary Stuart
Queen of Scotland
Mary Stuart
  • 1574 Maria Anna of Bavaria, Empress consort of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1616)
  • 1626 Christina, queen of Sweden who abdicated after becoming Catholic
  • 1678 Horatio Walpole, 1st Baron Walpole of Wolterton, English diplomat (d. 1757)
  • 1699 Maria Josepha of Austria, queen of Poland (d. 1757)
  • 1704 Anton de Haen, medical expert (Ratio Medendi)
  • 1708 Francis I, Holy Roman emperor (1745-1765)
  • 1715 John Althuysen, Frisian vicar/poet (Frisianche rymlery)
  • 1728 Johann G von Zimmermann, Swiss author
  • 1730 John Ingen Housz, Dutch/English personal physician of Maria Theresia
  • 1730 Jan Ingenhousz, Dutch-born British physiologist and botanist (d. 1799)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1765 Eli Whitney, American inventor (Cotton Gin), born in Westborough, Massachusetts (d. 1825)

Inventor of the Cotton Gin Eli Whitney
Inventor of the Cotton Gin
Eli Whitney
  • 1795 Peter Andreas Hansen, Danish astronomer (d. 1874)
  • 1815 Adolph Menzel, German painter and graphic artist (d. 1905)
  • 1816 August Belmont, Sr., Prussian-born American financier (d. 1890)
  • 1817 Christian Emil Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs, Danish nobleman and politician (d. 1896)
  • 1822 Luther Prentice Bradley, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1910)
  • 1826 Friedrich Siemens, German industrialist
  • 1828 Clinton Bowen Fisk, Bvt Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1890)
  • 1828 Robert Bullock, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1905)
  • 1832 Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Norwegian author "Pa Guds Veje" and Nobel laureate (d. 1910)
  • 1861 Aristide Maillol, France, painter/sculptor (Seated Woman)
  • 1861 William C. Durant, American industry pioneer, founded General Motors, Frigidaire, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • 1862 Georges Feydeau, French playwright (La Dame de Chez Maxim's)
  • 1865 Jacques Hadamard, French mathematician (Taylor series)
  • 1872 John Cowper Powys, English writer (Wolf Solent) and critic, Born in Shirley, Derbyshire (d. 1963)
  • 1874 Ernst Moro, Austrian physician (d. 1951)
  • 1881 Padraic Colum, Irish poet/novelist/poet (Collected Poems)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1886 Diego Rivera, Mexican painter (En el Arsenal) and wife of Frida Kahlo, born in Guanajuato, México (d. 1957)

Painter Diego Rivera
Painter
Diego Rivera
  • 1888 Fiske Kimball, US architect/art historian
  • 1889 W Hervey Allen, US writer/poet (Anthony Adverse)
  • 1894 E.C. Segar, American cartoonist (Popeye) (d. 1938)
  • 1899 Sarah Williamson, US missionary in Liberia
  • 1900 Sun Li-jen, Chinese general (d. 1990)
  • 1902 Wifredo Lam, Cuban artist (d. 1982)
  • 1903 Adele Simpson, American fashion designer (Neiman-Marcus Award-1946), born in NYC, New York
  • 1903 Kathleen (Kitty) Rosalind Muggeridge, author
  • 1905 Julius Silverman, politician
  • 1906 Richard Llewellyn, Wales, novelist (How Green Was My Valley)
  • 1908 John Volpe, (Gov-Mass)/US Secretary of Treasury (1969-73)
  • 1912 Jura Soyfer, political and cabaret writer, born in Kharkov, Russian Empire (d. 1939)
  • 1913 Delmore Schwartz, US, poet/short story writer/critic (Shenandoah)
  • 1913 Paul Félix, Flemish architect (Sun Song)
  • 1915 Denis Harding, soldier
  • 1915 George Scheuer, writer/journalist
  • 1916 Dorothy Mae Ballard, labor union rep
  • 1919 Peter Tali Coleman, American politician (d. 1997)
  • 1920 Ron Gulliford, educationalist
  • 1922 John B McKay, US test pilot (X-15)
  • 1922 Lucian Freud, Berlin German, artist (Boy With a Rat)
  • 1923 Rudolph Pariser, Chinese-born American chemist
  • 1925 Carmen Martín Gaite, Spanish author (d. 2000)
  • 1927 Vladimir Aleksandrovich Shatalov, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 4, 8, 10)
  • 1927 Ferdie Pacheco, the "Fight Doctor"
  • 1928 Ulric Neisser, Kiel, Germany, America psychologist (Intelligence: Knowns and Unknowns, Bell Curve task force head), (d. 2012)
  • 1929 Goffredo Parise, writer
  • 1930 John Morressy, US, sci-fi author (Starbrat, Greymantle, Kingsbane)
  • 1930 Julian Critchley, British politician (d. 2000)
  • 1935 Tatiana Zatulovskaya, Israeli chess player
  • 1936 Brad Jurjens, Estonia, director (The Bank Job)
  • 1937 Jan van Houwelingen, Dutch undersecretary of Defense (CDA)
  • 1937 Arne Næss Jr., Norwegian mountain climber and businessman (d. 2004)
  • 1939 Lynn Wilson, contractor/multi-millionaire
  • 1941 Albert J Evenhuis, Dutch undersecretary of Economic (VVD)
  • 1941 Randall "Duke" Cunningham, US Navy fighter pilot and Congressman
  • 1942 Mario Savio, American political activist, born in New York City (d. 1996)
  • 1943 Michael Unger, English editor-in-chief (Evening News, Manchester)
  • 1945 John Banville, Irish novelist and journalist
  • 1946 Graham Knight, Scottish musician (Marmalade)
  • 1947 Frans Leijnse, Dutch politician (PvdA 2nd Chamber)
  • 1947 Thomas R. Cech, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1947 Kati-Claudia Fofonoff, Skolt Sámi writer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1948 Jimmy Lai [Lai Chee-Ying], Chinese businessman (founder of Giordano), born in Guangzhou, China

Founder of Giordano Jimmy Lai
Founder of Giordano
Jimmy Lai
  • 1949 Mary Gordon, US, author
  • 1949 Robert Sternberg, Proposed the Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
  • 1950 Rick Baker, Binghamton NY, special effects makeup artist (Exorcist)
  • 1951 Bill Bryson, American author
  • 1952 Khaw Boon Wan, Singapore Health Minister
  • 1953 Norman Finkelstein, American professor, activist
  • 1954 Harold Hongju Koh, Korean-American Dean of Yale Law School
  • 1960 Lim Guan Eng, Secretary-General of the Malaysian Democratic Action Party (DAP)
  • 1961 Ann Coulter, American author, political commentator, and attorney
  • 1969 Lisa Marie Munzert, New Castle Delaware, Miss Delaware-America (1991)
  • 1972 Frank Shamrock, American mixed martial artist
  • 1979 Johan Forssell, Swedish politician
  • 1982 Noelle Pikus-Pace, American skeleton racer
  • 1983 Liu Song, Chinese snooker player

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1872 Religious leader Brigham Young (71) weds his fifty-fifth wife Hannah Tapfield in Salt Lake City, Utah

Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church
Brigham Young

HeartWedding of Interest

1953 Prime Minister of Canada John Diefenbaker (58) weds second wife Olive Palmer (51) at Park Road Baptist Church in Toronto, Canada

13th Prime Minister of Canada John Diefenbaker
13th Prime Minister of Canada
John Diefenbaker

Deaths in History

  • 644 Omar I, 2nd Caliph of Islam, murdered
  • 899 Arnulf of Carinthia, last emperor of Austria-France, dies
  • 1292 John Peckham, English archbishop of Canterbury, dies at 62
  • 1596 Luis de Carabajal, 1st Jewish author in America, executed in Mexico
  • 1626 John Davies, English poet (b. 1569)
  • 1632 Philippe van Lansberge, Flemish astronomer (b. 1561)
  • 1643 John Pym, English statesman (b. 1583)
  • 1649 Noël Chabanel, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1613)
  • 1652 Adriaan W "Joris" van Geel, Flemish missionary, murdered at 35
  • 1680 Henry Pierrepont, 1st Marquess of Dorchester, English politician (b. 1606)
  • 1681 Gerard Terborch, the Younger, Dutch painter/etcher, dies
  • 1691 Richard Baxter, English clergyman (b. 1615)
  • 1695 Barthélemy d'Herbelot de Molainville, French orientalist (b. 1625)
  • 1709 Thomas Corneille, French dramatist, dies at 74
  • 1722 Elisabeth C "Liselotte" van Palts, German/French duchess, dies at 70
  • 1744 Marie-Anne de Mailly-Nesle duchess de Châteauroux, mistress of King Louis XV of France (b. 1717)
  • 1745 Etienne Fourmont, French orientalist (b. 1683)
  • 1746 Charles Radclyffe, British politician (b. 1693)
  • 1756 William Stanhope, 1st Earl of Harrington, British statesman and diplomat
  • 1768 Jean Denis Attiret, French Jesuit missionary (b. 1702)
  • 1779 Nathan Alcock, English physician (b. 1707)
  • 1830 H Benjamin Constant, French politician/writer, dies at 63
  • 1831 James Hoban, architect who designed White House, dies
  • 1859 Thomas de Quincey, English author (b. 1785)
  • 1864 George Boole, British inventor of Boolean algebra (b. 1815)
  • 1885 William Henry Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1821)
  • 1894 Willem JF Nuyens, Dutch physician/RC historian, dies at 71
  • 1894 Pafnuty Chebyshev, Russian mathematician (b. 1821)
  • 1896 Earnest Angel, German statistician (Law of Angel), dies at 75
  • 1903 Herbert Spencer, British engineer/philosopher, dies at 83
  • 1907 Oscar II Frederick, King of Sweden (-1907)/Norway (-1905), dies
  • 1914 Maximilian von Spee, German naval officer (b. 1861)
  • 1917 Mendele Moykher Sforim, Russian writer (b. 1836)
  • 1926 Jan Six, Dutch art historian/collector, dies
  • 1938 Friedrich Glauser, German-language Swiss writer (b. 1896)
  • 1940 George Exton Lloyd, Anglican Bishop and theologian (b. 1861)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1942 Albert Kahn, architect of Detroit, dies at 73

Architect of Detroit Albert Kahn
Architect of Detroit
Albert Kahn
  • 1952 Charles Lightoller, English second officer on the Titanic (b. 1874)
  • 1963 Field Marshal Sarit Dhanarajata, Prime Minister of Thailand (b. 1908)
  • 1966 Ward Morehouse, American theater critic and newspaper columnist (b. 1899)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1967 Robert Henry Lawrence, Jr., USAF/astronaut, dies in a crash of an F-104 Starfighter while training at 32

  • 1970 Christopher K Ingold, English chemist, dies at 77
  • 1972 George Collins, (Rep-Ill), dies at 47, in airplane crash
  • 1978 Golda Meir, Israel's PM (1969-74), dies in Jerusalem at 80
  • 1981 Shakey, [Walter Horton], harmonicist (Everybody's Fishin'), dies at 64
  • 1982 Andre Kamperveen, Suriname minister, murdered
  • 1982 Bram Behr, Suriname revolutionary, murdered
  • 1982 Cyrill Daal, Suriname worker's union leader, murdered
  • 1982 Frank Wijngaarde, Suriname journalist, murdered
  • 1982 Harald Riedewald, Suriname attorney, murdered
  • 1982 John Baboeram, Suriname lawyer, murdered
  • 1982 Jozef Slagveer, Suriname journalist, murdered
  • 1982 Kenneth Goncalves, Deacon of Surinamese order of advocate, murdered
  • 1982 Leckie, Suriname scholar, murdered
  • 1982 Leslie Rahman, Suriname journalist, murdered
  • 1982 Surendre Rambocus, Suriname army lieutenant, murdered
  • 1984 Robert Jay Mathews, White Nationalist (b. 1953)
  • 1989 Hans Hartung, German/French painter, dies
  • 1991 Kimberly Bergalis, got AIDS from health care worker, dies at 23
  • 1992 William Shawn, US editor-in-chief (New Yorker, 1952-87), dies at 85
  • 1993 Carlotta Monti, lover of WC Fields, dies at 86
  • 1994 Israel Aaron Maisels, lawyer, dies at 89
  • 1995 Carl Marsden, bodyguard, dies at 36
  • 1995 Ernest LeRoy Boyer, educator, dies at 67
  • 1995 John Gillett, film researcher, dies at 70
  • 1995 Mikki Doyle, journalist, dies at 79
  • 1996 Marin Sorescu, poet/dramatist, dies at 60
  • 1997 Bob Bell, clown (WGN's 1st Bozo), dies at 75
  • 1997 Leon Poliakov, historian, dies at 87
  • 1999 Péter Kuczka, Hungarian writer (b. 1923)
  • 2001 Don Tennant, American advertising executive (b. 1922)
  • 2007 Gerardo García Pimentel, Mexican journalist
  • 2008 Oliver Postgate, English animator, puppeteer and writer. (b. 1925)
  • 2013 John Cornforth, Australian-British chemist and Nobel laureate, dies at 96