On This Day in History for December 9

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 118

  • 536 Byzantine General Belisarius enters Rome while the Ostrogothic garrison peacefully leaves the city, returning the old capital to its empire.
  • 656 Battle of Kameel: Kalief Al ibn Abu Talib beats rebellion
  • 1212 Frederick II (later also Holy Roman Emperor) crowned King of Germany in Mainz
  • 1315 Swiss Woudsteden renews Eternal Covenant (Oath Society)
  • 1425 Pope Martinus V forms University of Leuven
  • 1570 The Geuzen (a confederacy of Calvinist Dutch nobles) under Herman de Ruyter occupies Loevestein
  • 1625 Netherlands & England sign military treaty
  • 1640 Settler Hugh Bewitt banished from Mass colony when he declares himself to be free of original sin
  • 1658 Dutch troops occupy harbor city Quilon (Coilan) India
  • 1688 King James II's wife & son flee England for France
  • 1724 Colley Cibber's play "Caesar in Egypt" premieres in London
  • 1738 Jews are expelled from Breslau Silesia
  • 1747 Great Britain & Netherlands sign military treaty
  • 1762 British parliament accepts Treaty of Paris
  • 1783 First execution at Newgate Jail in London (now the site of the Central Criminal Court aka the Old Bailey), relocated from Tyburn (now the site of Marble Arch)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1793 Noah Webster establishes New York's 1st daily newspaper, the "American Minerva"

Lexicographer Noah Webster
Lexicographer
Noah Webster
  • 1805 Comet 3D/1805 V1 (Biela) approaches within 0.0366 AUs of Earth
  • 1824 Battle of Ayacucho (Candorcangui), Peru defeats Spain
  • 1851 1st Young Men's Christian Association in North America set up in Montreal

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1854 Alfred Tennyson's poem "Charge of the Light Brigade" published

  • 1856 The Iranian city of Bushehr surrenders to occupying British forces.
  • 1861 Battle of Bird Creek, Indian Terr (High Shoal, Chusto-Talasah)
  • 1861 American Civil War: The Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War is established by the U.S. Congress.
  • 1868 1st British government of Gladstone forms
  • 1868 The first traffic lights are installed outside the Palace of Westminster in London. Resembling railway signals, they use semaphore arms and are illuminated at night by red and green gas lamps.
  • 1869 Noble Order of Knights of Labor founded, Philadelphia
  • 1878 Joseph Pulitzer buys St Louis Dispatch for $2,500
  • 1883 New Brunswick adopts Eastern Standard Time (until 1902)
  • 1884 Levant Richardson patents ball-bearing skate

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1889 US President Benjamin Harrison dedicates the Chicago Auditorium

23rd US President Benjamin Harrison
23rd US President
Benjamin Harrison
  • 1894 Roman Catholics win Parliamentary election in Belgium
  • 1897 Activist Marguerite Durand founds the feminist daily newspaper, La Fronde in Paris.
  • 1899 Boer War: During Seige of Ladysmith, Boers storm King's Post and Caesar's Camp - driven back
  • 1900 President Paul Kruger of South Africa's Transvaal & Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands have a triumphant procession
  • 1902 AL announces purchase of grounds for a stadium in NY
  • 1903 Norwegian parliament votes unanimiously for female suffrage
  • 1905 French Assembly National votes for separation of church & state
  • 1906 NY American reports Belgian King Leopold II bribed US Senate commission on the Congo
  • 1907 First Christmas Seals sold (Wilmington, Delaware, post office)
  • 1907 Gustav Mahler departs Vienna
  • 1908 The German Reichstag adopts a progressive social law restricting hours of factory work by young people and women
  • 1909 1st US monoplane flown (Henry W Walden, Long Island, NY)
  • 1910 French troops occupy Morrocan harbor city Agadir
  • 1917 British forces under General Allenby capture Jerusalem
  • 1918 French troops occupies Mainz
  • 1922 Gabriel Narutowicz elected Polish president
  • 1924 Netherlands & Hungary trade treaty signed
  • 1924 Michael Hainisch re-elected Austrian president
  • 1925 AL extends Ban Johnson's contract to 1935 & raise to $40,000
  • 1925 Pro football a hit in NYC; Grange & Bears beat Giants before 73,000
  • 1931 Benn W Levy's "Springtime for Henry" premieres in NYC
  • 1931 Japanese army attacks Chinese province of Jehol
  • 1931 Spain becomes a republic
  • 1933 Romania prohibits fascist Iron Guard
  • 1935 Walter Liggett American newspaper editor and muckraker killed in gangland murder.
  • 1939 Russian air raid on Helsinki
  • 1940 British assault on Benghazi, Libya: first major allied offensive in North Africa
  • 1940 Illegal Jewish immigrants to Haifa are deported to Mauritius
  • 1940 South Australia all out for 47 v NSW, O'Reilly 5-11
  • 1941 1st US WW II bombing mission in Far East, Luzon, Philippines
  • 1941 300 Montgomery, SF opens as new Bank of America HQ
  • 1941 China declares war on Japan, Germany & Italy
  • 1941 Citizen Register reports "Hostile planes reported nearing Westchester"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Hitler orders US ships are to be torpedoed

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1948 UN General Assembly unanimously approves Convention on Genocide
  • 1949 Dutch 2nd Chamber accepts Indonesian sovereignty
  • 1951 West German voters approve merger of 3 states to form Baden-Wurttemberg
  • 1953 General Electric announces all Communist employees will be fired
  • 1957 1st Japanese ambassador to Israel
  • 1958 Robert H W Welch Jr & 11 other men meet in Indianapolis to form anti-Communist John Birch Society
  • 1961 SS-Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel) Adolf Eichmann found guilty of war crimes in Israel
  • 1961 Tanganyika gains independence from Britain, takes name Tanzania
  • 1962 "I Can Get It For You Wholesale" closes on Broadway
  • 1962 Tanganyika becomes a republic within British Commonwealth
  • 1965 "A Charlie Brown Christmas" premieres
  • 1965 Nikolai Podgorny replaces Anastas Mikoyan as president of Soviet Praesidium

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1967 Nicolae Ceaușescu becomes President of Romania (overthrown 1989)

Dictator of Romania Nicolae Ceausescu
Dictator of Romania
Nicolae Ceausescu
  • 1968 NLS (a system for which hypertext and the computer mouse were developed) is publicly demonstrated for the first time in San Francisco.
  • 1968 The Derry Citizen's Action Committee (DCAC) calls for a halt to all marches and protests for a period of one month
  • 1970 Dutch Antilles: government of Petronia falls
  • 1970 OPEC meeting in Caracas establishes 55 percent as minimum tax rate and demands that posted prices be changed to reflect changes in foreign exchange rates
  • 1971 Lewis F Powell Jr appointed to US Supreme Court
  • 1973 Sunningdale Agreement in Northern Ireland
  • 1973 Arab oil ministers announce a further production cut of 5 percent for January for non-friendly countries
  • 1974 Dow Jones index hits 570.01
  • 1974 Jack Brisco beats Giant Baba in Tokyo, to become NWA wrestling champ
  • 1974 Johnson Grigsby freed after 66 years in jail in Indiana
  • 1975 Jelena Bonner receives Andrei Sacharov's Nobel Prize

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1975 US President Gerald Ford signs $2.3 Bn loan authorization for NYC

38th US President Gerald Ford
38th US President
Gerald Ford
  • 1975 Iraq completes nationalization by taking over the BP, CFP, and Shell shares of the Basrah Petroleum Company
  • 1978 Pioneer Venus 2 drops 5 probes into atmosphere of Venus
  • 1980 61°F in Boston at 1 AM
  • 1981 Porn star John Holmes charged with Laurel Canyon murders
  • 1983 Counselor to Ronald Regan, Edwin Meese says people go to soup kitchens "...because food is free & that's easier than paying for it"
  • 1983 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1984 Great Britain performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1984 Iranian commandos end day hijack of Kuwaiti plane
  • 1985 Phoenix, Arizona, gets 3" of snow
  • 1987 Palestine uprising begin in Israeli-occupied West Bank
  • 1988 The Michael Hughes Bridge in Sligo, Ireland is officially opened.

Birthdays in History

  • 1392 Peter, Prince/Regent of Portugal/writer (Virtuosa benfeitoria)
  • 1447 Chenghua, Emperor of China (d. 1487)
  • 1561 Edwin Sandys, a founder of Virginia colony
  • 1571 Adrian A Metius, Dutch mathematician/fort architect
  • 1579 Martinus de Porres, Peruvian saint (patron of social justice) (d. 1639)
  • 1581 Emilia Secunda Antwerpiana, daughter of Willem of Orange
  • 1594 Gustavus II Adolphus, king who made Sweden a major power (1611-32)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1608 John Milton, poet/puritan (Paradise Lost), born in London, England (d. 1674)

  • 1610 Baldassare Ferri, Italian castrato (d. 1680)
  • 1652 Augustus Quirinus Rivinus, German physician (d. 1723)
  • 1667 William Whiston, English mathematician (d. 1752)
  • 1717 Johann J Winckelmann, German archaeologist (History of Ancient Art)
  • 1742 Carl W Scheele, Swedish pharmacist/chemist (lemon acid)
  • 1748 Claude Louis Berthollet, French chemist (d. 1822)
  • 1751 Maria Luisa of Parma, queen of Charles IV of Spain (d. 1819)
  • 1787 John Dobson, English architect (d. 1865)
  • 1806 Jean-Olivier Chénier, French Canadian physician and Patriote (d. 1838)
  • 1842 Pjotr A Kopotkin, Russian ruler/anarchist
  • 1848 Joel Chandler Harris, US journalist (created Uncle Remus stories)
  • 1868 Fritz Haber, German phycist-chemist (Nobel 1919)
  • 1873 Antoine Pompe, Belgian architect
  • 1883 Alexander Papagos, Greek fieldmarshal/supreme commander
  • 1883 Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician (d. 1950)
  • 1886 Clarence Birdseye, frozen vegatable king (Birdseye)
  • 1891 Maksim Bahdanovič, Belarusian poet (d. 1917)
  • 1898 Emmett Kelly, Sedan KS, circus clown (Weary Willie)
  • 1899 Jean de Brunhoff, France, children's book author (Babar the Elephant)
  • 1899 Leonie Fuller Adams, US poetess (Those not elected)
  • 1900 Albert Weisbord, American labor organizer (d. 1977)
  • 1901 Ödön von Horváth, Hungarian-born writer (d. 1938)
  • 1901 Jean Mermoz, French pilot (d. 1936)
  • 1902 Richard A Butler, England, Dutch min of Finance/Foreign affairs
  • 1904 Roger Wolcott Sperry, physicist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1906 Grace Hopper, American computer scientist and US Navy admiral who invented the first compiler for a universal computer programming language and is credited with coining the phrase 'debugging’, born in NYC, New York (d. 1992)

Computer Scientist and Admiral Grace Hopper
Computer Scientist and Admiral
Grace Hopper
  • 1907 Noel Walton Bott, engineer
  • 1910 Dick Elffers, Dutch graphic artist/painter (Holland Festival)
  • 1910 Stephen Jurika Jr, US pilot/capt (WW II, Santa Cruz, Navy Cross)
  • 1911 Ryūzō Sejima, Japanese educator (d. 2007)
  • 1912 Tip O'Neill, American politician and 47th speaker of the house (D-Ma: 1977-86), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1994)
  • 1915 Herbert Huncke, writer
  • 1916 Wolfgang Hildesheimer, German/Swiss architect/writer (Mozart biog)
  • 1917 James Angleton, head of counterintelligence for the CIA (d. 1987)
  • 1917 James Rainwater, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1986)
  • 1918 Jerome Beatty Jr., American author
  • 1919 William Lipscomb, American chemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1920 Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, Italian President (1999-2006) and Prime Minister (1993-94), born in Livorno (d. 2016)
  • 1926 Henry Way Kendall, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1999)
  • 1926 Jan Křesadlo, Czech writer (d. 1995)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1929 Bob Hawke, 23rd Australian Prime Minister (Labor: 1983-91), born in Bordertown, South Australia

23rd Australian Prime Minister Bob Hawke
23rd Australian Prime Minister
Bob Hawke
  • 1935 Dominico Tromp, Aruba, stage leader
  • 1938 Elizabeth H "Rina" Venter, South African minister of Health care
  • 1939 Patrician Stephens Due, Quincy, Florida, African-American civil rights activist (FAMU jail-in), (d. 2012)
  • 1942 Joe McGinniss, Rye NY, author (Selling of President 1968)
  • 1944 Ki Longfellow, American novelist
  • 1944 Bob O'Connor, American politician
  • 1946 Sonia Gandhi, Italian-born Indian politician
  • 1947 Tom Daschle, American politician
  • 1947 Jaak Jõerüüt, Soviet-born Estonian politician
  • 1948 Marleen Gorris, Dutch director (Mres Dalloway, Antonia, Last Island)
  • 1949 Nando Parrado, Uruguayan plane crash survivor
  • 1954 Herman Finkers, Dutch cabaret performer
  • 1958 Nancy J Currie, Mjr Army/astronaut (STS 57, 70, sk: 88), born in Wilmington, Delaware
  • 1960 Dobroslav Paraga, Croatian politician and editor
  • 1960 Terry Moran, American TV reporter
  • 1963 Masako, Crown Princess of Japan
  • 1965 Vecepia Towery, American Survivor contestant
  • 1966 Kirsten Gillibrand, American politician
  • 1973 Tony Batista, Puerto Plata Dom Rep, infielder (Oakland A's)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1883 Poet Rabindranath Tagore (22) weds Mrinalini Devi in an arranged marriage

HeartWedding of Interest

1956 Prime Minister of Australia Malcolm Fraser (26) weds Tamie Beggs (20)

Prime Minister of Australia Malcolm Fraser
Prime Minister of Australia
Malcolm Fraser
  • 1967 Lyndon B. Johnson's daughter Lynda marries in the White House

Divorces in History


Broken heartDivorce of Interest

1937 Writer Walter Lippmann (48) divorces first wife Faye Albertson after 20 years of marriage

Writer and Political Commentator Walter Lippmann
Writer and Political Commentator
Walter Lippmann

Deaths in History

  • 1165 Malcom IV, King of Scots (1153-65), dies at 24
  • 1292 Sa'di, great Persian poet (Orchard, Rose Garden), dies
  • 1437 Sigismund, German Emperor/king of Hungary/Bohemia, dies at 70
  • 1544 Teofilo Folengo, Italian poet (b. 1491)
  • 1565 Pius IV, [Gianangelo de' Medici], Italian Pope (1559-65), dies at 66
  • 1603 William Watson, English conspirator (b. 1559)
  • 1625 Ubbo Emmius, [van Embden], Frisian humanist/historian, dies at 78
  • 1636 Giovanni B Aleotti, Italian writer/theater architect, dies at about 90
  • 1636 Fabian Birkowski, Polish writer (b. 1566)
  • 1640 Pierre Fourier, Roman Catholic saint and French priest (b.1565)
  • 1641 Anthony van Dyck, Flemish painter, dies at 42
  • 1669 Clement IX, [Giulio Rospigliosi], Italian Pope (1667-69), dies
  • 1674 Edward Hyde 1st earl of Clarendon, English PM (1660-67), dies at 65
  • 1706 Pedro II, king of Portugal (1683-1706), dies at 58
  • 1718 Vincenzo Coronelli, Italian cartographer and encylopaedist (b. 1650)
  • 1767 Benedetto Alfieri, Italian architect (San Giovanni Battista), dies
  • 1793 Gabrielle de Polastron, comtesse de Polignac, French aristocrat (b. 1749)
  • 1798 Johann Reinhold Forster, German botanist (b. 1729)
  • 1819 Ann C Coleman, fiancee of President Buchanan, commits suicide
  • 1830 Heinrich Christian Friedrich Schumacher, Danish surgeon, botanist and professor of anatomy (b. 1757)
  • 1854 Almeida Garrett, Portuguese writer (b. 1799)
  • 1858 Robert Baldwin, Canadian politician (b. 1804)
  • 1887 Mahmadu Lamine, Senegalese marabout and military leader
  • 1916 P Paul Leroy-Beaulieu, French economist (Economist France), dies at 73
  • 1916 Natsume Sōseki, Japanese novelist (b. 1867)
  • 1935 Walter Liggett, American crusading newspaper editor and muckraker (b. 1886)
  • 1937 Nils Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1940 Maletti, Italian general, dies in battle
  • 1941 Leonard "Leo" Polak, Dutch philosopher, dies in Sachsenhausen at 61
  • 1941 Dmitry Merezhkovsky, Russian writer and philosopher (b. 1865)
  • 1955 Hermann Weyl, German mathematician (b. 1885)
  • 1959 Walter Compton, news anchor (DuMont Evening News), dies at 47
  • 1964 Edith L Sitwell, English poet/author (Wheels), dies at 77
  • 1967 Charles Léon Hammes, Luxembourgian lawyer and President of the European Court of Justice (b. 1898)
  • 1970 Artem Mikoyan, Russian aircraft designer (MIG), dies at 65
  • 1970 Sir Feroz Khan Noon, Prime Minister of Pakistan (b. 1893)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1971 Ralph Bunche, UN delegate/Nobel Prize winner, dies at 67

Diplomat and Nobel Laureate Ralph Bunche
Diplomat and Nobel Laureate
Ralph Bunche
  • 1971 Sergey Konenkov, Russian sculptor (b. 1874)
  • 1972 Louella Parsons, American gossip columnist (b. 1881)
  • 1975 William A Wellman, US director (Ox Bow Incident), dies at 79
  • 1977 Clarice Lispector, writer, dies
  • 1981 Daniel Faulkner, Philadelphia police officer (b. 1955)
  • 1982 Leon Jaworski, special prosecutor (Watergate), dies at 77
  • 1982 Paul Godwin, [Goldfein], Polish/Dutch violist, dies at 80
  • 1982 Roger Danneels, Flemish accordionist, dies at 55
  • 1993 Muhammad Reza Golpayegani, ayatollah of Iran, dies
  • 1994 Maureen Cox Starkey, ex-wife of Ringo, dies of Leukemia at 48
  • 1994 Max Bill, Swiss painter/sculptor/politician, dies at 85
  • 1995 Benny Lee, entertainer, dies at 84
  • 1995 Douglas "Wrong Way" Corrigan (aviator), dies
  • 1995 Hugh Armstrong Clegg, industrial relations academic, dies at 75
  • 1995 Vitali Viktorovich Savitsky, biologist/politician, dies at 40
  • 1996 Alain Emile Louis Marie Poher, politician, dies at 87
  • 1996 Alain Poher, French President of European Parliament (1966-69), dies
  • 1996 Anne Bolt, photo-journalist/trade unionist, dies at 84
  • 1996 Ivor Roberts-Jones, sculptor, dies at 83
  • 1996 Mary Douglas Nicol Leakey, archaeologist/anthropologist, dies at 83
  • 1996 Raphael Samuel, British Marxist historian, dies at 61
  • 1998 Shaughnessy Cohen, Canadian politician (b. 1948)
  • 2001 Michael Carver, British soldier (b. 1915)
  • 2002 Ian Hornak, American Painter, Draughtsman and Sculptor (b. 1944)
  • 2002 Stan Rice, American painter, educator, and poet (b. 1942)
  • 2003 Paul Simon, U.S. Senator from Illinois (b. 1928)
  • 2004 David Brudnoy, American radio personality (b. 1940)
  • 2005 Robert Sheckley, American author (b. 1928)
  • 2007 Thore Skogman, Swedish entertainer (b. 1931)
  • 2008 Yuri Glazkov, Soviet cosmonaut (b. 1939)
  • 2010 Dov Shilansky, Israeli politician (b. 1924)
  • 2010 John du Pont, American member of the Du Pont family and convicted murderer (b. 1938)
  • 2012 Sir Patrick Moore, English amateur astronomer and author, dies from an infection at 89
  • 2012 Norman Joseph Woodland, American inventor, dies at 91