On This Day in History for February 11

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 150

  • 660 BC Traditional date for the foundation of Japan by Emperor Jimmu

Event of interestEvent of Interest

55 Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman Emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome. This clears the way for Nero to become Emperor.

Roman Emperor Nero
Roman Emperor
Nero
  • 385 Siricius, bishop of Tarragona, elected as Bishop of Rome; first to style himself Pope.
  • 824 St Paschal I ends his reign as Pope

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1531 Henry VIII recognised as supreme head of Church in England following the schism with Rome

King of England Henry VIII
King of England
Henry VIII
  • 1543 Battle at Wayna Daga: Ethiopian/Portuguese troops beat Muslim army
  • 1543 Karel/Henry VIII sign anti-French covenant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1575 King Frederick of Denmark offers island of Hveen to Tycho Brahe

Astronomer Tycho Brahe
Astronomer
Tycho Brahe
  • 1659 The assault on Copenhagen by Swedish forces is beaten back with heavy losses.
  • 1720 Sweden & Prussia sign peace (2nd Treaty of Stockholm)
  • 1766 Stamp Act declared unconstitutional in Virginia

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1768 Samuel Adams letter, circulates around American colonies, opposing Townshend Act taxes

US Revolutionary Samuel Adams
US Revolutionary
Samuel Adams
  • 1790 Society of Friends petitions Congress for abolition of slavery
  • 1793 Prussian troops occupy Venlo, Netherlands
  • 1794 1st session of US Senate open to the public

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1806 William Grenville becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom following the death of William Pitt the Younger

British Prime Minister William Grenville
British Prime Minister
William Grenville
  • 1808 Anthracite coal 1st burned as fuel, experimentally, Wilkes-Barre, Pa

1stHistoric Invention

1809 Robert Fulton patents steamboat

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton
  • 1811 President Madison prohibits trade with Britain for 3rd time in 4 years
  • 1812 Massachusetts Governor Elbridge Gerry signs a redistricting bill - first "gerrymander"
  • 1814 Norway's independence proclaimed
  • 1826 University College London founded; known until 1836 as London University
  • 1837 American Physiological Society organizes in Boston
  • 1852 First British public female toilet opens (Bedford Street, London)
  • 1854 Major streets lit by coal gas for 1st time
  • 1855 Kassa Hailu is crowned Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia, by Abuna Salama III in a ceremony at the church of Derasge Maryam.
  • 1858 First vision of the Virgin Mary to 14-year-old Bernadette of Lourdes, France
  • 1861 President-elect Lincoln takes train from Spingfield IL to Washington, D.C.
  • 1861 US House unanimously passes resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state
  • 1873 Spanish Cortes fires king Amadeus I
  • 1878 1st weekly weather report published in UK
  • 1889 Meiji constitution of Japan adopted; 1st Diet convenes in 1890
  • 1895 -17°F (-27.2°C) in Braemar, Grampian (UK record)
  • 1895 Georgetown became part of Washington, D.C.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1896 Oscar Wilde's "Salome" premieres in Paris

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • 1897 White Rose Mission opens on East 97th Street, NYC
  • 1898 Owen Smith of NC, AME Zion minister, named US minister to Liberia
  • 1899 -15°F (-26°C), Washington, D.C. (district record)
  • 1899 -61°F, Montana (record low temperature)
  • 1902 Police beat up universal suffrage demonstrators in Brussels

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1903 US Congress adopts the Expedition Act, which authorizes the Attorney General to 'expedite' anti-trust cases through the courts, reflecting growing popular support for President Theodore Roosevelt's "trust busting" campaign

26th US President Theodore Roosevelt
26th US President
Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1905 James Blackstone, Seattle, bowls 299½-last pin breaks but stands
  • 1905 Pope Pius X publishes encyclical Vehementer nos
  • 1907 De Master's Dutch government resigns
  • 1907 Passenger ship Larchmont sinks by Block Island, off Rhode Island, 322 die
  • 1908 Heemskerk's government begins in Holland
  • 1916 Emma Goldman arrested for lecturing on birth control
  • 1916 Germany and Austria-Hungary notify the US that they will sink any armed merchant ships starting on 1 March

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1918 US President Woodrow Wilson makes another speech before Congress and announces 'the Four Principles' - freedom of navigation, and end to secret diplomacy, and similar items - that supplement his Fourteen Points

28th US President Woodrow Wilson
28th US President
Woodrow Wilson
  • 1919 Friedrich Ebert (SPD) elected president of Germany
  • 1921 Ambassador Theater opens at 215 W 49th St NYC
  • 1922 US intervention army leaves Honduras
  • 1926 Tokelau (Union) Islands in South Pacific transfers to NZ
  • 1927 US female Figure Skating championship won by Beatrix Loughran
  • 1927 US Men's Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles
  • 1929 Eugene O'Neill's "Dynamo" premieres in NYC
  • 1929 Vatican City (world's smallest country) made an enclave of Rome
  • 1932 73°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in February
  • 1935 -11°F (-24°C), Ifrane, Morocco (African record low)
  • 1935 1st US airplane flight with auto slung beneath fuselage, NY
  • 1936 Pumping begins to build Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay
  • 1937 44-day sit-down strike at General Motors in Flint Mich ends

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1941 Lt-Gen Erwin Rommel arrives in Tripoli

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • 1941 Sicherheitsdienst complains about Dutch anti German sentiments
  • 1942 "Archie" comic book debuts

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 US General Eisenhower selected to command the allied armies in Europe; British General Montgomery not best pleased.

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1943 Transport #47 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
  • 1944 German troops reconquer Aprilia, Italy
  • 1944 U-424 sunk off Ireland
  • 1945 1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey, CA
  • 1946 World War II: Operation Deadlight ends after scuttling 116 of 156 captured U-boats
  • 1948 John Costello follows Eamon Da Valera as premier of Ireland
  • 1950 4th British Empire Games close in Auckland, New Zealand

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1951 Kwame Nkrumah wins 1st parliamentary election in the Gold Coast (Ghana)

First President of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah
First President of Ghana
Kwame Nkrumah
  • 1953 President Eisenhower refuses clemency appeal for Rosenberg couple
  • 1953 USSR breaks diplomatic relations with Israel
  • 1956 British diplomats Guy Burgess and Donald Maclean deny working as spies for Soviet Russia after reappearing in the Soviet Union after going missing 5 years earlier
  • 1958 Marshal Chen Yi succeeds Chu En-lai as Chinese Minister of Foreign Affairs
  • 1958 Ruth Carol Taylor is 1st African-American woman hired as flight attendant, Ithaca NY
  • 1961 Robert Weaver sworn in with then highest federal post by a black
  • 1963 CIA Domestic Operations Division created (pretty scary!)
  • 1963 Julia Child's show The French Chef premieres.
  • 1964 Greek & Turks begin fighting in Limassol, Cyprus
  • 1964 Taiwan drops diplomatic relations with France
  • 1968 Israeli-Jordan border fight
  • 1968 Jeffrey Kramer survives 76-m jump, Wash Bridge, Hudson River NY
  • 1968 Madison Square Garden III closes Madison Square Garden IV opens (NYC)
  • 1969 Dorey Funk Jr beats Gene Kiniski in Tampa, to become NWA champ
  • 1970 26.37 cm (10.38") of rainfall, Mt Washington, NH (state 24-hr rec)
  • 1970 Japan becomes 4th nation to put a satellite (Osumi) in orbit
  • 1971 US, UK, USSR, others sign Seabed Treaty outlawing nuclear weapons
  • 1973 1st one-day international for Pakistan & NZ
  • 1973 1st sub 17-min 1,500m female free style swim (Shane Gould 16m56.9s)
  • 1974 Titan-Centaur rocket test launch fails

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Henry Kissinger unveils Nixon Administration's seven-point "Project Independence" plan to make the U.S. energy independent

Politician, statesman Henry Kissinger
Politician, statesman
Henry Kissinger
  • 1974 Libya nationalizes three US oil companies that had not agreed to 51 percent nationalization in September

ReplacementLeadership Contest

1975 Margaret Thatcher defeats Edward Heath for leadership of the British Conservative Party

British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher
British Prime Minister
Margaret Thatcher
  • 1976 Clifford Alexander Jr confirmed as 1st black US Secretary of Army
  • 1977 20.2-kg lobster caught off Nova Scotia (heaviest known crustacean)

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 107

  • 1377 King Ladislas of Naples (d. 1414)
  • 1380 Gianfrancesco Poggio Bracciolini, Italy, humanist
  • 1466 Elizabeth of York, Queen Consort of England and wife of King Henry VII, born in Westminster Palace, London (d. 1503)
  • 1506 Juliana van Stolberg, engraver of Nassau
  • 1535 Gregory XIV, [Niccolo Sfondrati], Roman Catholic pope (1590-91)
  • 1557 John Wtenbogaert, remonstrants theologist
  • 1568 Honoré d'Urfé, French writer (d. 1625)
  • 1649 William Carstares, Scottish minister (d. 1715)
  • 1657 Bernard Fontenelle, France, scientist/writer (Plurality of Worlds)
  • 1764 Marie-Joseph de Chénier, French poet (Cajus Graechus)
  • 1774 Hans Järta, Swedish political activist (d. 1847)
  • 1776 Ioannis Kapodistrias, Greek diplomat of the Russian Empire and first head of state of independent Greece (d. 1831)
  • 1783 Jarena Lee, African American travelling minister
  • 1799 Basil Moreau, French Founder priest (d. 1873)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1800 William Henry Fox Talbot, English photographic pioneer, born in Dorset, England (d. 1877)

Photography Pioneer William Henry Fox Talbot
Photography Pioneer
William Henry Fox Talbot
  • 1802 Lydia Maria Child, US, author/abolitionist (Juvenile Miscellany)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1812 Alexander H. Stephens, US Confederate Vice President, born in Crawfordville, Georgia (d. 1883)

Confederate States VP Alexander H. Stephens
Confederate States VP
Alexander H. Stephens
  • 1812 Benjamin Franklin Sands, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1883)
  • 1813 Otto Ludwig, German writer and critic (d. 1865)
  • 1821 Hermann Allmers, writer
  • 1821 Auguste-Édouard Mariette, French Egyptologist (d. 1881)
  • 1829 William Anderson Pile, Bvt Mjr Gen (Union volunteers), (d. 1889)
  • 1833 Melville Fuller, American 8th chief justice, born in Augusta, Maine (d. 1910)
  • 1839 Josiah Willard Gibbs, theoretical physicist/chemist
  • 1840 Sanuel Dana Greene, Lt Cmdr (Union Navy), (d. 1884)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1847 Thomas Edison, American inventor (lightbulb, phonograph, motion picture camera) born in Milan, Ohio (d. 1931)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1860 Rachilde, [Marguerite Vallette-Eymery], French author (Monsieur Venus)
  • 1867 August W Messer, German philosopher/educator/psychologist
  • 1869 Helene Kroller-Muller, Dutch museum founder (d. 1939)
  • 1869 Else Lasker-Schüler, German writer (d. 1945)
  • 1872 Edward Johnston, British craftsman and calligrapher - "the father of modern calligraphy" (d 1944)
  • 1873 Feodor Chaliapine, Russian author/novelist (Pages from My Life)
  • 1874 Elsa Beskow, [Maartman], Swedish children's book/fairy tales author
  • 1887 John van Melle, South African writer (Dawid Booysen)
  • 1890 John P M L de Vries, fairy tale writer
  • 1890 David Drummond, Australian politician (d. 1965)
  • 1893 Johan C P Alberts, Dutch literary (Festival)
  • 1894 Isaac M Kolthoff, chemist (Massenanalyse)
  • 1898 Leo Szilard, Hungary, physicist/A-bomb worker/peace activist
  • 1900 Hans-Georg Gadamer, German philosopher
  • 1900 Thomas Hitchcock Jr, great polo player (Westchester Cup 1924,27,30,39)
  • 1900 Josei Toda, Japanese educator (d. 1958)
  • 1901 Roddy Connolly, Irish politician, son of James Connolly (d. 1980)
  • 1902 Arne Jacobsen, Danish architect (d. 1971)
  • 1904 Henry R LaBouisse, headed UNICEF (1965-79)
  • 1904 Keith Holyoake, New Zealand PM (1960-72)
  • 1905 Beb [Elizabeth] Vuyk, Dutch/Indonesian writer (Camp diary)
  • 1906 Denis Barnett, British air chief marshal
  • 1908 Sutan Takdir Alishahbana, Indonesian linguistic/author/novelist
  • 1908 Vivian [Ernest] Fuchs, geologist/explorer (British Antarctic Survey)
  • 1909 Joseph L Mankiewicz, Wilkes-Barre PA, film writer/director (Sleuth)
  • 1911 Alec Cairncross, chancellor (Glasgow U)
  • 1912 Roy Fuller, Failsworth, Lancashire, English poet/novelist (Lost Season)
  • 1914 French Duynstee, Dutch constitutional lawyer
  • 1914 Winand J Borgerhoff Mulder, court judge of Amsterdam
  • 1915 Haakon Stotijn, Dutch oboist (VARA Orch, Orkestgebouw Orch)
  • 1915 Mervyn Levy, artist/critic
  • 1915 Patrick Leigh Fermor, author
  • 1915 Richard Hamming, American Mathematician and Computer Scientist (Hamming code), born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1916 Bernice Levin Neugarten, social scientist/gerontologist
  • 1917 Richard Jock Kinneir, graphic designer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1917 Sidney Sheldon, American novelist and playwright (Master of the Game, Bloodline, The Bachelor and the Bobby Soxer), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 2007)

Novelist Sidney Sheldon
Novelist
Sidney Sheldon
  • 1917 T. Nagi Reddy, Indian revolutionary (d. 1976)
  • 1918 Margaret Heldt, American hairdresser who created the Beehive, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • 1920 Daniel F[rancis] Galouye, US, sci-fi author (Dark Universe, Last Leap)
  • 1920 Farouk I, Cairo, last King of Egypt (1936-52)
  • 1920 Paul Peter Piech, artist
  • 1921 Lloyd Bentsen, (Sen-D-TX, 1971- )/1989 Dem VP nominee)
  • 1921 Edward Seidensticker, American scholar (d. 2007)
  • 1923 Baroness Sharples, made a life peer after the assassination of her husband (Sir Richard Sharples)
  • 1923 Ronald Arculus, British diplomat
  • 1924 Mary Tregear, Oriental art historian
  • 1925 Peter Berger, British vice-admiral
  • 1925 Virginia E Johnson, doctor and sexologist (Masters & Johnson)
  • 1926 Paul Bocuse, France, great chef (Legion of Honor)
  • 1928 Archibald Forster, CEO (Esso UK)
  • 1930 Alevtina Koltschina, USSR, cross coutry relay skier (Oly-gold-1960)
  • 1930 Roy De Forest, American Painter (d. 2007)
  • 1932 Dennis Skinner, British politician (L), Chairman of the Labour Party (1988-89), born in Clay Cross, Derbyshire
  • 1934 Mary Quant, Kent England, fashion designer (Chelsea Look, Mod Look)
  • 1934 Patrick Holmes Sellors, ophthalmologist
  • 1934 Mel Carnahan, American politician (d. 2000)
  • 1937 Marilyn Butler, Rector (Exeter College-Oxford)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1938 Manuel Noriega, Panamanian general and dictator (1983-89), born in Panama City, Panama (d. 2017)

Panamanian General and Dictator Manuel Noriega
Panamanian General and Dictator
Manuel Noriega
  • 1939 Bryan Gould, New Zealand and British politician (L), born in Hawera, New Zealand
  • 1939 Jane [Hyatt] Yolen, US, sci-fi author (Spider Jane, Heart's Blood)
  • 1941 Glenn Randall Jr, stuntman (Species, Mrs Soffel, Return of the Jedi)
  • 1941 Jeremy Mackenzie, general
  • 1942 Archie Andrews, comic book character (Archie)
  • 1943 Iain Cameron, British brigadier
  • 1944 Buddhadev Dasgupta, director (Charachar, Grihajuddha)
  • 1944 Michael G. Oxley, Politician (Rep-R-OH, 1981-2007), born in Findlay, Ohio (d. 2016)
  • 1946 M C Walker, CEO (Iceland Frozen Foods)
  • 1946 Timothy Chambers, pediatrician
  • 1950 Earnest Jim Istook, (Rep-R-Oklahoma)
  • 1953 Stephen D Thorne, Frankfurt-on-Main, German FR, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1953 [John Ellis] Jeb Bush, American politician (Governor of Florida (R) 1999-2007), born in Midland, Texas

US Governor Jeb Bush
US Governor
Jeb Bush
  • 1960 Richard A Mastracchio, astronaut, born in Waterbury, Connecticut
  • 1962 Tammy Baldwin, American politician
  • 1964 Ken Shamrock, American martial artist

Weddings in History

  • 1638 Dutch countess Louise of Solms marries earl John of Brederode

HeartWedding of Interest

1810 French leader Napoleon I marries 2nd wife Marie-Louise of Austria

French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte

HeartWedding of Interest

1902 US military leader George Marshall (22) weds Elizabeth Carter Coles in San Antonio, Texas

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall

HeartWedding of Interest

1905 Novelist Thomas Mann (29) weds Katia Pringsheim (21) in Munich, Germany

Novelist Thomas Mann
Novelist
Thomas Mann

HeartWedding of Interest

1972 Playwright Tom Stoppard (34) weds doctor/author Miriam Moore-Robinson (34)

Playwright Tom Stoppard
Playwright
Tom Stoppard

Deaths in History

  • 641 Heraclius, emperor of Byzantium (610-641), dies at about 65
  • 731 Gregory II, Greek-Syrian Pope, dies
  • 821 Benedict of Aniane, saint, dies
  • 824 Paschal I, Italian Pope (817-24), dies
  • 1141 Hugo of St-Victor, philosopher/theologist/mystic, dies
  • 1160 Minamoto no Yoshitomo, Japanese general (b. 1123)
  • 1503 Elizabeth of York, Queen Consort of England and wife of King Henry VII, dies on 38th birthday
  • 1511 Henry, Duke of Cornwall, son of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon
  • 1543 Ahmed Gran, sultan of Adal, dies in battle at Wayna Daga
  • 1626 Pietro Cataldi, Italian mathematician (b. 1552)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1650 René Descartes, French philosopher "I think therefore I am", stops thinking due to pneumonia at 53

Philosopher René Descartes
Philosopher
René Descartes
  • 1685 David Teniers III, Flemish painter, dies at 46
  • 1713 Jahandar Shah, Mughal emperor of India (b. 1664)
  • 1755 Francesco Scipione, marchese di Maffei, Italian archaeologist (b. 1675)
  • 1763 William Shenstone, English poet (b. 1714)
  • 1829 Alexandr Griboyedov, Russian playwright (b. 1795)
  • 1841 J H Ferdinand Olivier, German painter, dies at 55
  • 1862 Elizabeth Siddal, British poet and artist (b. 1829)
  • 1868 Leon Foucault, discovers 1st physical proof of Earth's rotation, dies at 48
  • 1870 Jacob M de Kempenaer, Dutch min of Internal Aff (1848-49), dies at 76
  • 1879 Honore Daumier, caricaturist/painter, dies
  • 1879 Willem J van Zeggelen, Dutch author/novelist/writer, dies at 67
  • 1899 George Morgan, 1st English motorist to die in an motor accident, dies
  • 1901 Milan I, king of Serbia, dies at 56
  • 1907 Peter J Savelberg, Dutch Limbourg monastery founder, dies at 80
  • 1911 Albert von Rothschild, baron/Austrian banker, dies at 66
  • 1917 Oswaldo Cruz, Brazilian physician (b. 1872)
  • 1922 Gerardus J P Bolland, Dutch philosopher (Bolland Society), dies at 67
  • 1923 Wilhelm Killing, German mathematician (b. 1847)
  • 1931 Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (steam turbine), dies at 76
  • 1931 Charles Parsons, inventor of the steam turbine, dies
  • 1940 John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir, Gov-Gen of Canada (1935-40), dies
  • 1941 Rudolf Hilferding, Germ economist/Min of Finance (SPD), suicide at 63
  • 1945 J S H Lokerman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Neugengamme
  • 1948 Sergei Eisenstein, Russian director (Battleship Potemkin), dies at 50
  • 1954 Adolph M. Christianson, justice of the North Dakota Supreme Court (b. 1877)
  • 1958 Ernest Jones, British psychonanalyst (b. 1879)
  • 1961 Patrice Lumumba, 1st premier Congo, murdered at 34

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1963 Sylvia Plath, American poet/novelist (Ariel), commits suicide at 30

Author and Poet Sylvia Plath
Author and Poet
Sylvia Plath
  • 1968 Howard Lindsay, US playwright (State of the Union), dies at 78
  • 1971 Whitney Young Jr, National Urban League director, drowns in Nigeria
  • 1972 Jan Wils, architect (Olympian Stadium, Amsterdam), dies at 80
  • 1973 Hans D Jensen, German physicist (Nobel prize 1963), dies at 65
  • 1975 Richard Ratsimandrava, Malagasy soldier and statesman, assassinated (b. 1931)
  • 1976 Alexander Lippisch, German scientist (b. 1894)
  • 1976 Frank Arnau, German writer (b. 1894)
  • 1977 Louis J M Beel, Dutch premier (1946-48, 58-59), dies at 74
  • 1978 James B Conant, headmaster (Harvard University), dies at 84
  • 1978 Harry Martinson, Swedish writer, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1904)
  • 1985 Ben Abruzzo, American businessman and balloonist (b. 1930)
  • 1986 Frank [Patrick] Herbert, sci-fi author (Dune), dies at 65
  • 1986 Evelio Javier, Filipino politician, lawyer, and civil servant (b. 1942)
  • 1987 Sadequain, famous Pakistani painter and artist. (b. 1930)
  • 1991 Oscar Nitzchke, German architect (Alcoa building), dies at 90
  • 1991 Robert W. Holley, American biochemist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1922)
  • 1993 George A Stephen, inventor (Weber Kettle Grill), dies at 71
  • 1996 Amelia Rosselli, Italian poet, commits suicide at 65
  • 1996 Bob Shaw, Irish science fiction writer, dies of cancer at 64
  • 1996 Kebby Musokotwane, prime minister of Zambia in (1985-89), dies
  • 2000 Roger Vadim, French director (b. 1928)
  • 2000 Jacqueline Auriol, French aviatrix (b. 1917)
  • 2005 Jack L. Chalker, American author (b. 1944)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2006 Peter Benchley, American author, dies at 65

Jaws Novelist Peter Benchley
Jaws Novelist
Peter Benchley
  • 2007 Marianne Fredriksson, Swedish author (b. 1927)
  • 2008 Tom Lantos, member of the United States House of Representatives (b. 1928)
  • 2008 Frank Piasecki, American aeronautical designer (b. 1919)
  • 2009 Willem J Kolff, Dutch-American Physician and Biomedical Engineer (artificial kidney, hemodialysis), dies at 97
  • 2010 [Lee} Alexander McQueen, English fashion designer, commits suicide at 40
  • 2017 Harvey Lichtenstein, American head of the Brooklyn Academy of Music, dies at 87