On This Day in History for February 13

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 146

  • 1130 Gregorio de' Papareschi elected as Pope Innocent II
  • 1258 Baghdad falls to the Mongols as the Abbasid Caliphate is destroyed
  • 1349 Jews are expelled from Burgsordf, Switzerland
  • 1503 Disfida di Barletta - Famous challenge between 13 Italian and 13 French knights near Barletta.
  • 1510 Charles of Gelre conquers Oldenzaal
  • 1545 Willem of Nassau becomes prince of Orange
  • 1566 St Augustine, Florida, founded
  • 1575 Henry III of France is crowned at Rheims.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1578 Tycho Brahe first sketches "Tychonic system" of solar system

Astronomer Tycho Brahe
Astronomer
Tycho Brahe
  • 1601 First East India Company voyage departs from London, lead by John Lancaster

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1633 Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before Inquisition for professing belief that earth revolves around the Sun

Astronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer & Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1651 Flemish missionary Joris van Geel departs to Congo
  • 1668 Treaty of Lisbon: Spain recognizes Portugal
  • 1689 British Parliament adopts the Bill of Rights which establishes the rights of parliament and places limits on the crown
  • 1692 Glencoe Massacre : about 78 MacDonalds are killed early in the morning by rival Campbell clan members, allegedly for not promptly pledging allegiance to the new king, William of Orange.
  • 1693 College of William & Mary opens in Virginia
  • 1706 Battle at Fraustadt: Swedish army beats Russia/Saksen
  • 1741 Andrew Bedford publishes 1st American magazine (American Magazine)
  • 1755 Rebel leader Mangkubuni signs Treaty of Gianti Java

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1777 Marquis de Sade arrested without charge, imprisoned in Vincennes fortress

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • 1782 French fleet occupies St Christopher
  • 1786 Abraham Baldwin selected president of University of Georgia
  • 1795 1st state university in US opens, University of North Carolina
  • 1799 1st US law regulating insurance passed by Massachusetts legislature
  • 1809 French take Saragossa, Spain after a long siege
  • 1815 The Cambridge Union Society is founded.
  • 1816 -14] Teatro San Carlo in Naples destroyed by fire
  • 1826 American Temperance Society forms in Boston
  • 1832 First appearance of cholera in London
  • 1837 Riot in New York due to a combination of poverty and increase in the cost of flour

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1858 Sir Richard Burton & John Speake explore Lake Tanganyika, Africa

Geographer, Explorer & Translator Richard Francis Burton
Geographer, Explorer & Translator
Richard Francis Burton
  • 1860 King Basse Kajuara departs Boni South-Celebes
  • 1861 First military action to result in Congressional Medal of Honor, Arizona

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1861 Abraham Lincoln declared US president in Washington, D.C.

US President Abraham Lincoln
US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • 1861 Col Bernard Irwin attacks & defeats hostile Chiricahua Indians
  • 1862 -Feb 16th) Siege of Ft Donelson TN
  • 1864 Miridian Campaign fighting at Chunky Creek & Wyatt, Mississippi

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1866 Jesse James holds up his first bank, stealing $15,000 from the Clay County Savings Association in Liberty, Missouri

Outlaw Jesse James
Outlaw
Jesse James
  • 1867 Johann Strauss' "Blue Danube" waltz premieres in Vienna
  • 1880 Work begins on the covering of the Senne, burying Brussels's primary river and creating the modern central boulevards.
  • 1881 The feminist newspaper La Citoyenne is first published in Paris by the activist Hubertine Auclert.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1886 Painter Thomas Eakins resigns from Philadelphia Academy of Art after controversial over use of male nudes in a coed art class

Painter Thomas Eakins
Painter
Thomas Eakins
  • 1895 Moving picture projector patented
  • 1899 -16°F (-27°C), Minden Louisiana (state record)
  • 1899 -1°F (-18°C) New Orleans, La
  • 1899 -2°F (-19°C) Tallahassee, Florida (state record)
  • 1905 -29°F (-34°C) Pond, Arkansas (state record)
  • 1905 -40°F (-40°C) Lebanon, Kansas (state record)
  • 1905 -40°F (-40°C) Warsaw, Missouri (state record)
  • 1907 English suffragettes storm British Parliament & 60 women are arrested
  • 1915 The French try to drive the Germans forces back into the Champagne region
  • 1920 League of Nations recognizes perpetual neutrality of Switzerland
  • 1920 Switzerland rejoins the League of Nations
  • 1925 US Congress makes Surpreme Court appeal more difficult
  • 1927 Uprising against Portuguese regime of Gen Carmona defeated
  • 1929 Cruiser Act, USA, approves the construction of 19 new cruisers & an aircraft carrier
  • 1929 Vladimir Mayakofsky's "Klop" premieres in Moscow
  • 1932 "Free Eats" introduces George "Spanky" McFarland to "Our Gang"
  • 1934 Austrian Dollfuss government bans socialist party
  • 1934 The Soviet steamship Cheliuskin sinks in the Arctic Ocean.
  • 1935 1st US surgical operation for relief of angina pectoris, Cleveland
  • 1935 Bruno Hauptmann found guilty of kidnap & murder of Lindbergh infant. He proclaimed his innocence to the end.
  • 1937 "Prince Valiant" comic strip appears; known for historical detail
  • 1937 Maribel Vinson wins her 9th US figure skating championship
  • 1937 US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
  • 1941 Nazi leaders attack Dutch Jewish Council

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 Hitler's Operation Sealion (invasion of England) cancelled

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1943 German assault on Sidi Bou Zid Tunisia, Gen Eisenhower visits front

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1943 Women's Marine Corps created
  • 1945 Allied planes begin bombing Dresden, Germany; a firestorm results and over 22,000 die
  • 1945 Gerbrandy Dutch government refuses Dutch Jewish right to buy
  • 1945 USSR captures Budapest, after a 49-day battle with Germany; 159,000 die
  • 1948 Ice Pairs Championship at Davos won by Lannoy & Baugniet of BEL
  • 1948 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Davos won by Richard Button USA
  • 1948 Wright Flyer, 1st plane to fly, returns to US from England
  • 1953 A's change name of Shibe Park to Connie Mack Stadium
  • 1954 Frank Selvey scores 100 points for Furman beating Newberry 149-95
  • 1955 Israel acquires 4 of 7 Dead Sea scrolls
  • 1956 KYW-AM in Philadelphia Penn gives calls to WTAM (now WWWE) Cleveland
  • 1957 Southern Christian Leadership Conference organizes in New Orleans
  • 1959 Miro Cardon, premier of Cuba, resigns
  • 1960 France performs 1st nuclear test at Reggane Proving Grounds Algeria
  • 1961 Soviet Union fires a rocket from Sputnik V to Venus
  • 1965 Peggy Fleming, 16, wins ladies senior figure skating title
  • 1965 US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming
  • 1965 US male Figure Skating championship won by Gary Visconti
  • 1966 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1968 US sends 10,500 additional soldiers to Vietnam
  • 1969 Mary Hopkin's Postcard album on Apple is released
  • 1969 Suriname government of Pengel resigns
  • 1970 Man-eating tiger is reported to have killed 48, 80 km from New Delhi
  • 1970 NL offices begins move from Cin to SF (completed Feb 23)
  • 1971 12,000 South Vietnamese troops cross into Laos
  • 1973 US dollar devalues 10%
  • 1974 Dissident Nobel writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn expelled from USSR

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1974 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, Russian novelist and historian, is deported from the Soviet Union to Frankfurt, West Germany and stripped of his Soviet citizenship

Writer and Nobel Laureate Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
Writer and Nobel Laureate
Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn
  • 1975 Turkish Cypriot leader Rauf Denktash procliams Turkish-Cypriot Federation
  • 1976 Peter Casserly of NZ hand-sheers record 353 lambs in 9 hours
  • 1978 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1979 Washington State's Hood Canal Bridge breaks up in windstorm

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 102

  • 711 BC Jimmu, Japanese emperor (d. 585 DC)
  • 1440 Hartmann Schedel, German physician/humanist/historian
  • 1457 Mary of Burgundy, daughter of Charles the Bold and wife of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1482)
  • 1480 Girolamo Aleandro, Italian Catholic cardinal (d. 1542)
  • 1599 Alexander VII, [Fabio Chigi], Siena Italy, pope (1655-67)
  • 1610 Jean de la Badie, French divine, founder of Lagardists
  • 1622 Adam Pijnacker, landscape painter/etcher, baptized
  • 1658 Jan B Wellekens, Dutch poet/painter
  • 1672 Étienne François Geoffroy, French chemist (d. 1731)
  • 1682 Giovanni Battista Piazzetta, Venice, painter (Fortune Teller)
  • 1728 John Hunter, Scottish surgeon (d. 1793)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1743 Joseph Banks, English botanist and naturalist (d. 1820)

Botanist and explorer Joseph Banks
Botanist and explorer
Joseph Banks
  • 1754 Charles Maurice de Talleyrand, French politician (d. 1838)
  • 1756 Joannes van der Linden, lawyer/judge (Ware Pleiter)
  • 1757 John C Hespe, Dutch journalist/politician
  • 1764 Talleyrand, France/Napoleon's foreign minster
  • 1766 Thomas Malthus, Rookery Surrey UK, economist and demographer (Law of Malthus)
  • 1768 Édouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier, French marshal (d. 1835)
  • 1769 Ivan Krylov, Russian fabulist (d. 1844)
  • 1805 David Dudley Field II, American lawyer, law codifier, born in Haddam, Connecticut (d. 1894)
  • 1805 Peter G L Dirichlet, Germany, number theorist/analysist
  • 1807 Bartolommea Capitanio, Italian monastery founder (Liefdezusters)
  • 1813 Charles Pierre Schimpf, governor of Suriname (1855-59)
  • 1822 Lev A Mej, Russian nobleman/poet
  • 1829 Gerard Keller, writer (Netherlands Spectator)
  • 1831 John Aaron Rawlins, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1869)
  • 1833 William Whedbee Kirkland, Brig Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1915)
  • 1835 Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (d. 1908)
  • 1849 Lord Randolph Churchill, England, politician, Winston's father
  • 1852 Johan L E Dreyer, Danish astronomer (New gen catalogue of nebulae)
  • 1855 Paul Deschanel, French President (d. 1922)
  • 1859 Frank van de Goes, Dutch writer/marxist theorist
  • 1859 William Strang, Scottish painter/engraver
  • 1861 Uchimura Kanzo, religious writer (How I Became a Christian), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • 1874 Hendrik Spiekman, Dutch politician (social-democratic)
  • 1879 Sarojini Naidu, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1949)
  • 1881 Eleanor Farjeon, English writer (Martin Pippin)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1885 Elizabeth Virginia [Bess] Truman, US First Lady (1945-52)

US First Lady Bess Truman
US First Lady
Bess Truman
  • 1887 Alvin York, famed US WWI soldier (Medal of Honor), led attack on German machine gun nest, born in Pall Mall, Tennessee (d. 1964)
  • 1888 Georgios Papandreou, Greek prefect of Lesbos/minister/premier
  • 1888 Heintje Davids, [Hendrika], Dutch revue star
  • 1891 Kate Roberts, Welsh nationalist and writer (d. 1985)
  • 1892 Grant Wood, US, painter (American Gothic)
  • 1892 Robert Houghwout Jackson, 84th Supreme Court justice (1941-54)
  • 1893 Ana Pauker-Rabensohn, Romania, communist/foreign minister (1945-52)
  • 1898 Neville Pearson, English publisher
  • 1902 Blair Moody, (Sen-Mich), born in New Haven, Connecticut
  • 1902 Karl Menger, Austria/US mathematician (theory of dimension)
  • 1903 Georges Simenon, Belgium, mystery writer (Snow Was Black)
  • 1906 Agostinho da Silva, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1994)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1910 William Shockley, US physicist (Nobel 1956), racist, born in London, England

Physicist William Shockley
Physicist
William Shockley
  • 1913 Arthur Carleton Hetherington, public servant
  • 1913 Guiseppe Dossetti, politician/priest
  • 1914 Earl Cadogan, British large landowner (Military Cross)
  • 1915 Aung San, Burmese general and politician (d. 1947)
  • 1921 Henk van Galen Last, Dutch journalist
  • 1921 Zao-Wou-Ki, Chinese/French painter/graphic artist
  • 1922 Lord Pym of Sandy, British minister of foreign affairs
  • 1922 Gordon Tullock, American economist
  • 1922 Tristram Coffin, San Marino, California, folklorist (The Book of Christmas Folklore, The Old Ball Game), (d. 2012)
  • 1923 Chuck Yeagar, US test pilot (1st man to break sound barrier)
  • 1923 Michael Anthony Bilandic, American politician (d. 2002)
  • 1924 Jean-Jacques Servan-Schreiber, French economist/politician
  • 1925 Jan Arends, Dutch poet/author
  • 1927 Harry Wich, Dutch set designer
  • 1929 Omar Torrijos Herrera, president Panama
  • 1930 Ernst Fuchs, Austrian artist
  • 1933 Emanuel Ungaro, France, fashion designer (Neiman-Marcus Award-1969)
  • 1933 Paul Biya, president of Cameroon (1982- )
  • 1937 Sigmund Jaehn, German DR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 31/29)
  • 1937 Ali El-Maak, Sudanese writer (d. 1992)
  • 1939 Valery Illych Rozhdestvensky, USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 23)
  • 1939 Beate Klarsfeld, German Nazi hunter
  • 1941 Andrea Conte, First Lady of Tennessee
  • 1941 Sigmar Polke, German painter
  • 1942 Donald E Williams, Lafayette Ind, Capt USN/astro (STS 51D, STS 34)
  • 1943 Friedrich Christian Delius, German writer, born in Rome
  • 1943 Leo Frankowski, US, sci-fi author (High Tech Knight, Flying Warlord)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1944 Jerry Springer, talk show host (Jerry Springer Show), born in London, England

Talk Show Host Jerry Springer
Talk Show Host
Jerry Springer
  • 1944 Rebop Kwaku Baah, Nigerian percussionist (d. 1983)
  • 1945 David Tremlett, English Artist
  • 1948 Allan Legere, Canadian serial killer (Monster of the Miramichi)
  • 1951 Greg Fulginiti, American mastering engineer
  • 1952 David Puilum Choi, Hong Kong, murderer (FBI Most Wanted List)
  • 1955 Joe Birkett, American lawyer
  • 1956 Princess Alia bint Al Hussein, Jordanian Royal Family member
  • 1957 Denise Austin, American fitness expert
  • 1958 Mark Fox, congas/percussionist (Haircut 100-Nobody's Fool)
  • 1958 Marc Emery, Canadian cannabis activist
  • 1958 Derek Riggs, British artist
  • 1959 Gaston Gingras, National Hockey League defenceman
  • 1960 Pierluigi Collina, Italian football referee
  • 1960 Artur Yusupov, Russian-German chess player
  • 1962 Aníbal Acevedo Vilá, American politician
  • 1964 Ylva Johansson, Swedish politician
  • 1967 Melanie Denise Bridges, Derry NH, Miss NH-America (1991)
  • 1974 Gus Hansen, Danish professional poker player
  • 1974 Jeff Duran, American radio personality
  • 1976 Martin Sastre, Uruguayan artist
  • 1982 Lanisha Cole, American model

Weddings in History

  • 1575 Henry III of France marries Louise de Lorraine-Vaudémont.

Deaths in History

  • 858 Kenneth I of Scotland [Kenneth MacAlpin], claimed first Scottish King (d. 858)
  • 1130 Honorius II, [Lamberto], Pope (1124-30), dies
  • 1141 Béla II of Hungary (b. 1110)
  • 1199 Stefanus Nemanja (Symeon), monk, dies
  • 1219 Minamoto no Sanetomo, Japanese shogun (b. 1192)
  • 1237 Jordanus of Saxon, 2nd general of Dominicans, drowns
  • 1315 Jean I of Chalon-Arlay, mayor of Neuchôtel, dies
  • 1332 Andronicus II Paleologus, Byzantine emperor (1282-1328)/monk, dies
  • 1539 Isabella d'Este, Marquise of Mantua (b. 1474)
  • 1542 Catharine Howard, queen of England/5th wife of Henry VIII, beheaded
  • 1585 Alfonso Salmeron, Spanish Jesuit biblical scholar (b. 1515)
  • 1592 Jacopo Bassano, Italian painter
  • 1600 Gian Paolo Lomazzo, Italian painter (b. 1538)
  • 1602 Alexander Nowell, English churchman, dean of St Paul's, dies
  • 1608 Konstanty Wasyl Ostrogski, Lithuanian prince (b. 1526)
  • 1624 Stephen Gosson, English satirist (b. 1554)
  • 1635 Georg R Weckerlin, German poet, dies at 50
  • 1660 Charles X Gustaaf, king of Sweden (1654-60), dies at 37
  • 1662 Elisabeth Stuart, of James I of Scotland and England, dies at 65
  • 1727 William Wotton, English scholar (b. 1666)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1728 Cotton Mather, American Puritan minister, dies at 65

Puritan Minister Cotton Mather
Puritan Minister
Cotton Mather
  • 1732 Charles-René d'Hozier, French historian (b. 1640)
  • 1784 Charles Gravier, French earl of Vergennes/min of For affairs, dies
  • 1787 Ruđer Bošković, Croatian scientist and diplomat (b. 1711)
  • 1787 Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes, French statesman and diplomat (b. 1717)
  • 1798 Wilhelm H Wackenroder, German writer (Fantasies of Art), dies at 24
  • 1813 Samuel Ashe, Governor of North Carolina (b. 1725)
  • 1818 George Rogers Clark, American military leader (b. 1752)
  • 1826 Petr Alekseevich Pahlen, Russian general (b. 1745)
  • 1837 Mariano José de Larra, Spanish journalist and writer (b. 1809
  • 1841 Thomas Ainsworth, English/Dutch industrialist, dies at 45
  • 1845 Henrik Steffens, Norwegian-German philosopher (b. 1773)
  • 1873 Petrus AS van Limburg Brouwer, [Abraham van Luik], literary, dies
  • 1882 Henry Highland Garnet, diplomat, dies in Monrovia Liberia at 66
  • 1883 Pavel Melnikov, [Petsjerski], Russian historian, dies at 64
  • 1888 Jean Baptiste Lamy, 1st Archbishop of Santa Fe (b. 1814)
  • 1889 João Maurício Wanderley, Brazilian magistrate and politician (b. 1885)
  • 1891 David Dixon Porter, US rear admiral (Union), dies at 77
  • 1893 Ignacio M Altamirano, Mexican author (El Zarco), dies at 58
  • 1894 Franjo Racki, Croatian historian/politician, dies at 65
  • 1905 Konstantin Savitsky, Russian painter (b. 1844)
  • 1906 Albert Gottschalk, Danish painter (b. 1866)
  • 1907 Marcel Bertrand, French mine engineer, dies at 59
  • 1921 Willem P C Knuttel, Dutch bibliography/librarian, dies at 67
  • 1927 Brooks Adams, US philosopher (New Empire), dies at 78
  • 1935 Violet Paget, British author (Gospels of Anarchy), dies at 78
  • 1937 C A Bernoulli, writer, dies
  • 1942 Epitácio Pessoa, Brazilian president (b. 1865)
  • 1943 William Walraven, journalist/writer (Neglected Grouser), dies at 55
  • 1950 Rafael Sabatini, Italian author (b. 1875)
  • 1951 Lloyd C. Douglas, American author (b. 1877)
  • 1952 Josephine Tey, English author (b. 1896)
  • 1958 Georges Rouault, French painter (Christ aux outrages), dies at 86
  • 1958 Dame Christabel Pankhurst, a leading suffragette (English) "Queen of the mob" (b.1880)
  • 1960 Delmar G Roos, designer of jeep, dies at 79
  • 1963 Harry Steers, bowling hall of famer, dies
  • 1964 Werner Heyde, German psyhiatrist (b. 1902)
  • 1965 William H Kilpatrick, US mathematician/philosopher, dies at 93
  • 1966 Elio Vittorini, writer, dies
  • 1975 Henry P Van Dusen, US protestant theologist, dies at 77
  • 1976 General Murtala Mohammed, head of Nigeria, killed during a coup
  • 1982 Zeng Jinlian, Hunan China, grew to 8'1" (tallest woman), dies at 17
  • 1984 Andre Stander, South African police captain and bank robber (b. 1946)
  • 1989 Wayne Hays, American politician (b. 1911)
  • 1992 Bob den Uyl, Dutch journalist/writer (Restless Travel), dies at 61
  • 1992 Nikolay Bogolyubov, Russian mathematician (b. 1909)
  • 1993 Agatha Hagtingius-Seger, Dutch author (Sparkles Chain), dies at 91
  • 1994 Michael Francis Morris Lindsay, orientalist, dies at 84
  • 1994 Theo Bitter, Dutch painter/set designer, dies at 79
  • 1995 Abdelhafid Said, Algerian student leader, murdered
  • 1995 Alberto Burri, Ital's physician/sculptor/painter), dies at 79
  • 1995 Azeddine Medjoubi, head Algerian nationally theater, murdered at 49
  • 1995 Joan A C Ramsey nee Hamilton, lady Ramsey of Canterbury, dies at 84
  • 1998 Jo Clayton, author, Cancer Died, Drums of Chaos, dies at 58
  • 2000 James Cooke Brown, American author and inventor (b. 1921)
  • 2003 Axel Jensen, Norwegian author (b. 1932)
  • 2003 Walt Rostow, U.S. government official (b. 1916)
  • 2004 Zelimkhan Yandarbiyev, Chechen leader (b. 1952)
  • 2005 Lúcia Santos, Carmelite nun and Fatima visionary (b. 1907)
  • 2005 Dick Weber, American professional bowler (b. 1929)
  • 2005 Emilios T. Harlaftis, Greek astrophysicist (b. 1965)
  • 2006 Peter Frederick Strawson, British philosopher (b. 1919)
  • 2007 Elizabeth Jolley, Australian writer (b. 1923)
  • 2007 Charlie Norwood, American politician (b. 1941)
  • 2007 Richard Gordon Wakeford, Air Marshal, Royal Air Force (b. 1922)
  • 2012 Mohamed Lamari, Chief of Staff of the Algerian Army, dies from a heart attack at 72
  • 2012 Lillian Bassman, American photographer and painter, dies at 94
  • 2016 Antonin Scalia, American 105th Supreme Court Justice (1986-2016), dies at 79