On This Day in History for February 15

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 150

  • 399 BC Philosopher Socrates is sentenced to death by the city of Athens for corrupting the minds of the youth of the city and for impiety
  • 590 Khosrau II, the last great Sasanian king is crowned King of Persia
  • 732 Zen teacher Ho-tse Shen-hui disputes founder of Northern Ch'an line
  • 1145 Bernardo elected Pope Eugene III
  • 1313 Peace of Angleur, Liège signed
  • 1386 Duke Philip the Stout forms Council of Flanders
  • 1539 Emperor Charles receives Cardinal Pole in Toledo
  • 1552 Dutch coast hit by heavy storm
  • 1563 Russian troops occupy Polotsk Lithuania
  • 1637 Ferdinand III succeeds Ferdinand II as Holy Roman Emperor

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1677 King Charles II reports anti-French covenant with Netherlands

King of England Charles II
King of England
Charles II
  • 1745 Colley Cibbers "Papal Tyranny" premieres in London
  • 1763 Austria, Prussia & Saxony sign Treaty of Hubertusburg, marking the end of the French and Indian War and of the Seven Years War
  • 1764 St. Louis, Missouri founded as a French trading post by Pierre Laclède
  • 1768 1st mustard manufactured in America advertised, Philadelphia
  • 1775 Angelo Braschi chosen as Pope Pius VI
  • 1799 1st US printed ballots authorized, Pennsylvania
  • 1804 New Jersey becomes last northern state to abolish slavery
  • 1805 Harmony Society is officially formed.
  • 1842 1st adhesive postage stamps in US (private delivery company), NYC
  • 1845 William Parsons, Earl of Rosse, 1st uses 72 inch (183 cm) reflector
  • 1848 Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston
  • 1851 Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescuing a fugitive slave
  • 1852 Great Ormond St Hospital for Sick Children, London, admits 1st patient
  • 1861 Ft Point completed & garrisoned (but has never fired cannon in anger)
  • 1862 Grant's major assault on Ft Donelson, Tennessee
  • 1864 Fire in Rotterdam damages Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1869 Charges of Treason against Jefferson Davis are dropped

President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Jefferson Davis
  • 1870 Ground broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minn
  • 1876 Historic Elm at Boston blown down
  • 1879 US Congress authorizes women lawyers to practice before Supreme Court
  • 1882 SS Dunedin leaves New Zealand for Britain with the first cargo of frozen meat.
  • 1891 AIK is founded at Biblioteksgatan 8 in Stockholm by Isidor Behrens.
  • 1895 23 cm (9 inches) of snow falls on New Orleans
  • 1898 USS Maine sinks in Havana harbor, cause unknown, 258 sailors die

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1900 Boer War: Siege of Kimberley broken by British troops under Lieutenant-General John French after a 124 day siege. Kimberley defense was led by Cecil Rhodes.

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • 1902 Berlin U-Bahn (Underground railway) opened
  • 1903 1st Teddy Bear introduced in America, made by Morris & Rose Michtom
  • 1905 1st race meet at Oaklawn Park (Hot Springs, Ark)
  • 1906 British Labour Party founded
  • 1912 Schooner 'Fram' reaches latitude 78° 41' S, farthest south ever by ship
  • 1913 1st avant-garde art show in America opens in NYC
  • 1917 SF Public Library (Main Branch at Civic center) dedicated
  • 1918 US army troop ship torpedoed & sunk by Germany off Ireland
  • 1918 Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania adopt Gregorian calendar
  • 1919 American Legion organizes in Paris

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 Marconi begins regular broadcasting transmissions from Essex

Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi
Inventor and Nobel Laureate
Guglielmo Marconi
  • 1924 A deputation for the South African Indian Congress (SAIC) meets with the Minister of the Interior, Sir Patrick Duncan, and presents him with a memorandum setting out their objections concerning the Class Areas Bill
  • 1926 Brooks Atkinson Theater opens at 256 W 47th St NYC
  • 1926 Contract air mail service begins in US
  • 1932 George Burns & Gracie Allen debut as regulars on the "Guy Lombardo Show"
  • 1932 John Van Druten's "There's Always Juliet" premieres in NYC
  • 1933 Karl Radek praises invincible force of German communist party

MurderAssassination Attempt

1933 President-elect Franklin Roosevelt survives assassination attempt

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1933 Social-democratic newspaper "Vorwarts" banned again in Berlin
  • 1936 -60°F (-51°C), Parshall, North Dakota (state record)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1936 Hitler announce building of Volkswagens (the People's Car, aka the Kaefer/beetle)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • 1939 German battleship Bismarck was launched
  • 1939 Lillian Hellman's "Little Foxes" premieres in NYC
  • 1942 German U-boat shells Antillian oil refinery
  • 1942 Japanese troops march into Palembang, South Sumatra
  • 1942 World War II: British ruled Singapore surrenders to the Japanese
  • 1943 Women's camp Tamtui on Ambon (Moluccas) hit by allied air raid
  • 1944 891 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1944 Attack begins at Monte Cassino monastery, Italy

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1948 Mao Zedong's army occupies Yenan

Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party Mao Zedong
Chinese Revolutionary and Chairman of the Communist Party
Mao Zedong
  • 1949 Dmitri Shostakovitch' "Song of the Woods" premieres in Leningrad
  • 1950 WM Inge's "Come Back, Little Sheba" premieres in NYC

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1950 Walt Disney's "Cinderella" released

Animator Walt Disney
Animator
Walt Disney

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1952 King George VI is buried in St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle in London

King of Great Britain George VI
King of Great Britain
George VI
  • 1954 1st Bevatron particle accelerator in operation-Berkeley, California
  • 1955 1st pilot plant to produce man-made diamonds announced
  • 1956 Urho Kekkonen appointed president of Finland
  • 1956 Pirates & KC As cancel an exhibition game in Birmingham Alabama, because of local ordinance barring black from playing against white
  • 1957 Andrei A Gromyko succeeds Dmitri Shepilov as Soviet foreign minister
  • 1958 Ice Pairs Championship at Paris won by Barbara Wagner/Rob Paul of CAN
  • 1958 Ladies' Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by Carol Heiss of USA
  • 1958 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Paris won by David Jenkins USA
  • 1958 Sjafroeddin Prawiranegara forms anti-government of Middle Sumatra
  • 1959 Antonio Segni forms Italian government
  • 1961 Entire US figure skating team of 18, dies in Belgian Sabena 707 crash
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 1st US female world figure skating champ (Tenley Albright)
  • 1963 Ken Lynch records "Misery," 1st Lennon-McCartney song by someone else
  • 1965 John Lennon passes his driving test
  • 1965 Red Maple Leaf Flag becomes the official flag of Canada
  • 1967 1st anti-bootleg recording laws enacted
  • 1967 D66 (D'66) wins 7 seats in Dutch 2nd Chamber
  • 1967 Longest dream (REM sleep) on record, Bill Carskadon, Chicago (2:23)
  • 1968 Anaheim's Les Salvage scores 10, 3-pt baskets in ABA game vs Denver
  • 1970 Dominican DC-9 crashes into sea at Santo Domingo, kills 102
  • 1970 Nationalists disrupt UN session on Congo
  • 1971 After 1,200 years Great Britain abandons pence & shilling system for decimal currency
  • 1971 A British soldier dies 7 days after being mortally wounded in an Irish Republican Army attack in North Ireland
  • 1972 Bill Torrey becomes 1st Islander General Manager
  • 1972 Dimitrios Papadopoulos becomes metropolitan of Imbros/Tenedos
  • 1972 Pres Velasco Ibarra of Ecuador deposed for 4th time
  • 1972 Sound recordings are granted U.S. federal copyright protection for the first time.
  • 1973 USSR launches Prognoz 3 to study sun (589/200,300 km)
  • 1976 18th Daytona 500: David Pearson wins (152.181 MPH)

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 133

  • 1368 Sigismund, Nornberg Germany, Holy Roman emperor (1410-37)
  • 1458 Ivan the Young, Ruler of Tver (d. 1490)
  • 1471 Piero di Lorenzo de' Medici, ruler of Florence (d. 1503)
  • 1497 Philipp Melanchthon, German Protestant
  • 1519 Pedro Menendez de Aviles, explorer (found St Augustine Florida)
  • 1524 Charles de Guise, archbishop/cardinal of Reims

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1564 Galileo Galilei, Italian astronomer, physicist and engineer who has been called the father of science, born in Pisa, Duchy of Florence, Italy (d. 1642)

Astronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei
Astronomer & Physicist
Galileo Galilei
  • 1620 Francois Charpentier, French scholar/archaeologist
  • 1650 Anne Jules duke de Noailles, marshal of France (hugenot)
  • 1660 Frans Anneessens, Belgian merchant/dean of artisans
  • 1666 Antonio M Valsalva, Italian anatomist (eardrums, glottis)
  • 1705 Charles A Vanloo, French painter
  • 1707 Claude Prosper, novelist, born in Paris, France
  • 1710 Louis XV the Well-Beloved, Versailles, King of France (1715-74)
  • 1726 Abraham Clark, Elizabethtown, New Jersey, American politician, signed Declaration of Independence
  • 1739 Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart, French architect (d. 1813)
  • 1748 Jeremy Bentham, London England philosopher/originator (Utilitarian)
  • 1759 Friedrich A Wolfius, [Wolf], German philological (Prolegomena)
  • 1764 Jens I Baggesen, Danish writer/linguist (Danske V'rker)
  • 1768 Jozef B Cannaert, [Olim], Flemish lawyer
  • 1774 W G Frederik, prince of Orange
  • 1780 Carel Asser, Dutch jurist
  • 1785 Claude Louis Marie Navier
  • 1795 Charles Niellon, Belgian brigade general (10 day campaign)
  • 1797 Henry Engelhard Steinway, piano maker (Steinway)
  • 1800 Frederik W Conrad, Dutch hydraulic engineer/railway pioneer
  • 1803 John Augustus Sutter, Swiss/US colonist (New Helvetia Ca, Sutter Mill)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1809 Cyrus Hall McCormick, American inventor of the mechanical reaper (McCormick Harvesting Machine Company), born in Shenandoah Valley, Virginia (d. 1884)

Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper Cyrus Hall McCormick
Inventor of the Mechanical Reaper
Cyrus Hall McCormick
  • 1809 André Dumont, Belgian geologist (d. 1857)
  • 1811 Domingo F Sarmiento, President of Argentina (1868-74)
  • 1812 Charles Lewis Tiffany, Killingly Ct, jeweler (Tiffany)
  • 1817 Charles F Daubigny, French restauranteur/painter

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1820 Susan B. Anthony, American social reformer and women's suffrage movement leader, born in Adams, Massachusetts (d. 1906)

Suffragette Susan B. Anthony
Suffragette
Susan B. Anthony
  • 1821 Abraham de Amorie van der de Have, theologist/poet
  • 1823 Li Hung-Tshang, Chinese rebel leader/viceroy of Tsheli Canton
  • 1825 Carter Harrison, Sr., American politician (d. 1893)
  • 1826 George J Stoney, Irish physicist
  • 1828 Johan H van Dale, schoolmaster (New Dutch Language Dictionary)
  • 1829 Silas Weir Mitchell, US physician/author (Roland Blake)
  • 1834 William Preece, English electrical engineer/wireless pioneer
  • 1835 Alexander Stuart Webb, Major General (Union Army), (d. 1911)
  • 1835 Demetrius Vikelas, Greek author (d. 1908)
  • 1841 Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, Brazilian politician (d. 1913)
  • 1845 Elihu Root, (R)/US Secretary of State (1905-09)/Nobel Peace Prize (1912)
  • 1856 Frank Harris, Galway England, writer
  • 1856 Emil Kraepelin, German psychiatrist (d. 1926)
  • 1858 William Pickering, astronomer (9th & 10th moons of Saturn), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1938)
  • 1861 Alfred North Whitehead, Engl mathematician/philosopher (Adv of Ideas)
  • 1861 Halford John Mackinder, Gainsborough Lincolnshire, geographer
  • 1866 Bannister Fletcher, architect & architectural historian, born in London, England
  • 1873 Hans von Euler-Chelpin, German-born Swedish biochemist who investigated the fermentation of sugar and enzymes (Nobel 1929), born in Augsburg, Kingdom of Bavaria (d. 1964)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1874 Ernest Shackleton, British-Irish polar explorer (Endurance, Antarctica), born in Kilkea, Ireland (d. 1922)

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton
  • 1877 Louis Renault, French automobile executive (d. 1944)
  • 1883 Sax Rohmer (real name Arthur Henry Sarsfield Ward), English author of Dr Fu Manchu novels (d. 1959)
  • 1887 H M Bateman, Sutton Forest NSW, cartoonist
  • 1890 Robert Ley, Nazi politician. Committed suicide 1945.
  • 1892 James Forrestal, US, banker/minister of Navy
  • 1893 Harm H Kamerlingh Onnes, painter/etcher/ceramist
  • 1894 Oswaldo Aranha, Brazil, lawyer/statesman (1st President of UN)
  • 1899 Lillian Disney, wife of animator Walt Disney, born in Spalding, Idaho (d. 1997)
  • 1901 Andre Parrot, French archaeologist/theologist (Assur)
  • 1901 Christmas Humphreys, England, lawyer/writer/Buddhist (Awakening of Zen)
  • 1901 Paul Haesaerts, Flemish architect/painter (Animisme)
  • 1904 Mary Adshead, muralist/painter
  • 1906 Stephen Brown, CEO (Stone-Platt Industries)
  • 1908 Sidney Gilliat, producer
  • 1908 Ypk fan der Fear, Frisian writer (Reade Runen)
  • 1908 Sarto Fournier, Quebec politician (d. 1980)
  • 1909 Harold Beeley, British diplomat
  • 1909 Miep Gies, Dutch biographer of Anne Frank
  • 1910 9th earl of Jersey, English large landowner/art collector
  • 1911 Leonard Woodcock, labor leader (UAW)
  • 1912 George Mikes, Hungary, British writer (How to Be an Alien)
  • 1913 Willy Vandersteen, Belgian cartoonist (Suske & Wiske)
  • 1913 Erich Eliskases, Austrian chess player (d. 1997)
  • 1914 R W Woods, bishop (Worcester)
  • 1914 Hale Boggs, American politician (d. 1972)
  • 1915 Paul Ferris, British author
  • 1916 Ian Ballantine, publisher (Ballantine Books)
  • 1920 Piet van Aken, Flemish writer (Devil Sails to US, Niggers)
  • 1920 Richard O'Brien, CEO (Manpower Services Commission)
  • 1920 Endicott Peabody, 62nd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1997)
  • 1921 Radha Krishna Choudhary, Indian historian and writer (d. 1985)
  • 1922 Herman Kahn, NJ, writer (Thinking About the Unthinkable)
  • 1922 John Bayard Anderson, American politician
  • 1923 Justice Drake, British justice
  • 1923 Yelena Bonner, soviet disident/wife of Andre Sakharov, born in Moscow, Russia
  • 1927 Frank Dunlop, director (Edinburgh International Festival)
  • 1927 William Bentley, diplomat
  • 1929 James Schlesinger, US Secretary of Defense (1973-75)
  • 1930 C F Payne, British chief constable, born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1931 W K Reid, British ombudsman
  • 1931 Geoff Edwards, American television game show host, (d. 2014)
  • 1932 Adrian Swire, British aircraft magnate (Cathay Pacific)
  • 1933 Adolfo, Cardones Cuba, fashion designer (Nancy Reagan)
  • 1934 Niklaus Wirth, Switzerland, computer programmer/inventor (PASCAL)
  • 1935 John R Block, US Secretary of Agriculture (1981-86)
  • 1935 Roger B Chaffee, Lt Cmdr USN/astronaut, born in Grand Rapids Michigan
  • 1935 Susan Brownmiller, feminist author (Against Our Wills), born in Brooklyn, New York
  • 1936 Andrew Miller, British principal (Stirling U)

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1867 Russian novelist Fyodor Dostoyevsky (45) weds Anna Snitkina at Trinity Cathedral in Saint Petersburg, Russia


Deaths in History

  • 1043 Gisela, wife of RC-German emperor Conrad II the Salier, dies at 52
  • 1145 Lucius II, [Gherardo Caccianemici], Italian Pope (1144-45), dies
  • 1152 Konrad III, Roman-German King (1138-1152), dies at about 58
  • 1503 Henry Deane, Archbishop of Canterbury (1501-03), dies
  • 1568 Hendrik van Brederode, Dutch noble (Compromise of Nobles), dies at 36
  • 1580 Cunerus Petri, Dutch theologist/bishop of Leeuwarden, dies
  • 1597 Pieter J Kies, Dutch mayor of Haarlem (1572-73), dies at about 66
  • 1600 Jose the Acosta, Spanish missionary (Peru), dies at 59(?)
  • 1637 Ferdinand II, King of Bohemia/Hun/German Emperor (1619-37), dies at 58
  • 1660 Klaas Geritsz Compaen, Dutch buccaneer/merchant, dies at 72
  • 1680 Jan Swammerdam, Dutch anatomist/entomologist (Bible of Nature), dies at 43
  • 1713 Anthony Ashley Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, writer, dies
  • 1738 Matthias Braun, Czech sculptor (b. 1684)
  • 1744 John Hadley, inventor (sextant), dies
  • 1759 Alexander von Papenhoven, Flemish religious sculptor, dies at 89
  • 1775 Peter Dens, Flemish Catholic theologian (b. 1690)
  • 1781 Gotthold Ephraim Lessing, Saxon playwright/critic, dies at 52
  • 1818 Charles XIII, King of Sweden (1809-18)/Norway (1814-18), dies at 69
  • 1820 Pierre-Joseph Cambon, member of Committee the Salut Public, dies at 63
  • 1820 William Ellery, US attorney (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 92
  • 1831 Henry Maudslay, inventor (metal lathe), dies
  • 1835 Henry Hunt, British politician, dies
  • 1839 Chevalier de Lorimier, Quebec notary (b. 1803)
  • 1841 Sibrand Acker Stratingh, Dutch dr/chemist (electrical car), dies at 53
  • 1843 Theodoros Kolokotronis, Greek military figure (b. 1770)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1844 Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1801-04), dies at 86

British Prime Minister Henry Addington
British Prime Minister
Henry Addington
  • 1847 Germinal Pierre Dandelin, Belgian mathematician (b. 1794)
  • 1848 Hermann von Boyen, Prussian field marshal (b. 1771)
  • 1849 Pierre F Verhulst, Belgian mathematician (logistic curve), dies at 44
  • 1864 Israel Zangwill, writer/Zionist/philanthropist, dies
  • 1864 William Dyce, painter, dies
  • 1865 Nicholas Wiseman, 1st Archbishop of Westminster (1850-65), dies
  • 1869 Mirza Ghalib, Indian poet (b. 1796)
  • 1896 E J Nicholson, writer, dies
  • 1905 Lewis Wallace, US diplomat/writer (Ben Hur), dies at 77
  • 1911 Theodor Escherich, German pediatrician (b. 1859)
  • 1917 Charles A van Ophuysen, Dutch orientalist, dies at 60
  • 1919 Pieter K Pel, Dutch internist (Pel-Ebstein fever), dies at 66
  • 1922 Clara [G Meijer-]Wichmann, German/Dutch anarchist/feminist, dies at 36
  • 1923 Josephine Beall Bruce, African American activist, dies at 69

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1928 H. H. Asquith, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1908-16), dies at 75

British Prime Minister H. H. Asquith
British Prime Minister
H. H. Asquith
  • 1933 Anton J Cermak, (Mayor-D-Chicago), assassinated in Miami
  • 1939 Foppe G Scheltema, Dutch lawyer, dies at 47
  • 1939 Henri Jaspar, premier of Belgium (1926-31), dies at 68
  • 1939 Kuzma Petrov-Vodkin, Russian painter (b. 1878)
  • 1959 Owen W Richardson, English physicist (Nobel 1928), dies at 69
  • 1964 Robert L. Thornton, American businessman and politician (b. 1880)
  • 1966 Camillo Torres, Colombian priest/guerrilla fighter, dies
  • 1966 Gerard Ciołek, Polish architect (b. 1909)
  • 1967 William C Bullitt, 1st US ambassador in USSR, dies at 76
  • 1970 Sir Hugh Dowding, commander of RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain (b. 1882)
  • 1972 Edgar P Snow, US author/journalist (Battle for Asia), dies at 66
  • 1972 Jef [Josephus CF] Last, Dutch poet/Indonesian politician, dies at 73
  • 1975 Julian Huxley, biologist, dies
  • 1979 Mehdi Rahimi, Iran general/milt governor of Tehran, executed
  • 1984 Leamon Hunt, US director-General in Sinai, killed by communists
  • 1988 Gardiner Means, US economist, dies at 91
  • 1988 Gerard Holt, architect, dies at 83
  • 1988 Neil R[onald] Jones, sf writer (Space War, Twin Worlds), dies at 78
  • 1988 Richard P Feynman, physicist (Nobel 1965, Physical Law), dies at 69
  • 1992 María Elena Moyano, Peruvian activist (b. 1960)
  • 1994 Andrei Tsjikatilo, [Rostov Ripper], Russian mass murdered, executed
  • 1995 Francis Taylor, builder, dies at 90
  • 1995 Joseph Ortiz, French-Algerian extremist/rebel, dies at 77
  • 1995 Lord Taylor of Hadfield, British President of Taylor Woodrow Group, dies at 90
  • 1995 Nabila Diahnine, Algerian architect/feminist, murdered at 33
  • 1995 Sahnoun Jawhari, Tunisian Annahda-leader, dies at 40 in jail
  • 1995 Viscount Camrose, British large landowner/Conservative, dies
  • 1996 Bruno Ferenc Straub, Hungarian statesman, dies
  • 1996 Oscar Abrams, community organiser, dies at 58
  • 1998 Martha Gelhorn, female war correspondent (Reuters), dies at 89
  • 1999 Henry Way Kendall, American physicist, Nobel Prize Laureate (b. 1926)
  • 2002 Howard K. Smith, American journalist (b. 1914)
  • 2004 Jens Evensen, Norwegian minister and jurist (b. 1917)
  • 2005 Samuel Francis, American journalist (b. 1947)
  • 2008 Amnon Netzer, Iranian-Israeli historian (b. 1934)
  • 2009 Dr. Diether H. Haenicke, university president (b. 1935)