On This Day in History for February 19

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 130


Victory in battleVictory in Battle

197 Lucius Septimius Severus' army beats Clodius Albinus at Lyon

Roman Emperor Septimius Severus
Roman Emperor
Septimius Severus
  • 356 Emperor Constantius II shuts all heathen temples
  • 607 Boniface III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
  • 842 Medieval Iconoclastic Controversy ends as a council in Constantinople formally reinstated the veneration of icons in the churches
  • 1512 French troops under Gaston de Foix occupy Brescia
  • 1537 Weavers of Leiden, Netherlands, strike
  • 1539 Jews of Tyrnau Hungary (then Trnava Czech), expelled
  • 1574 Spanish troops plunder Krommenie, Wormerveer & Jisp, Netherlands
  • 1582 Francis of Valois becomes duke of Brabant

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1594 Having already inherited the throne of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth through his mother, Catherine Jagellonica of Poland, Sigismund III of the House of Vasa is crowned King of Sweden, succeeding his father John III of Sweden.

  • 1600 The Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina explodes in the most violent eruption in the recorded history of South America.
  • 1634 Battle of Smolensk: King Wladyslaw IV of Poland beats Russians [NS=Mar 1]
  • 1674 Netherlands & England sign Peace of Westminster (NYC becomes English)
  • 1700 Last day of Julian calendar in Denmark
  • 1771 Messier adds M46-M49 to his catalog (galactic clusters in Puppis & Hydra & galaxy in Virgo)
  • 1797 One third of papal domain ceded to France
  • 1803 US Congress accepts Ohio's constitution, statehood not ratified till 1953
  • 1807 British squadron under Admiral Duckworth attempts to force passage of Dardanelles

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1807 VP Aaron Burr arrested in Alabama for treason; later acquitted

3rd Vice President of the United States Aaron Burr
3rd Vice President of the United States
Aaron Burr
  • 1819 British explorer William Smith discovers the South Shetland Islands, and claims them in the name of King George III.
  • 1825 Franz Grillparzer's "Konig Ottokars Gluck" premieres in Vienna
  • 1831 1st practical US coal-burning locomotive makes 1st trial run, Penn
  • 1846 Texas state government formally installed in Austin
  • 1852 The Phi Kappa Psi fraternity is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
  • 1856 Tin-type camera patented by Hamilton Smith, Gambier, Ohio
  • 1861 Russian Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom [NS=Mar 3]
  • 1864 Knights of Pythias form 1st lodge in Washington, D.C. (12 members)
  • 1869 US Assay Office in Boise, Idaho authorized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1878 Thomas Edison patents the gramophone (phonograph)

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • 1881 Kansas becomes 1st state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages
  • 1884 Tornadoes in Miss, Ala, NC, SC, Tenn, Ky & In kill 800 people
  • 1900 British troops occupy Hlangwane, Natal
  • 1906 Will Keith Kellogg and Charles D. Bolin found the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company which is now the multinational food manufacturer Kellogg's
  • 1910 English premiere of Richard Strauss' "Elektra"

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 Typhoid Mary [Mary Mallon] is freed from her first periods of forced isolation and goes on to cause several further outbreaks of typhoid in the New York area

  • 1913 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box
  • 1913 Mexican General V Huerta takes power with US support
  • 1915 British fleet opens fire on Dardanelles coast

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Pan-African Congress, organized by W.E.B. Du Bois (Paris)

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 1920 Netherlands joins League of Nations
  • 1922 Ed Wynn becomes 1st talent to sign as a radio entertainer
  • 1923 Philip Barry's "You & I" premieres in NYC
  • 1927 General strike against British occupiers in Shanghai
  • 1928 Canadian hockey team wins 3rd consecutive gold medal
  • 1929 Medical diathermy machine 1st used, Schenectady, NY

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1932 William Faulkner completes his novel "Light in August"

Author and Nobel Laureate William Faulkner
Author and Nobel Laureate
William Faulkner
  • 1933 Prussian minister Goering bans all Catholic newspapers
  • 1934 US contract air mail service canceled, replaced by US army for 6 months
  • 1935 Clifford Odets' "Awake & Sing" premieres in NYC

Electoral defeatElection of Interest

1936 Manuel Azaña becomes Prime Minister of Spain for the second time

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña
  • 1938 Soviet arctic ice research station North Pole 1 evacuated, Denmark
  • 1941 Nazi police attacked & driven away from Koco, Amsterdam (by young Jews)
  • 1941 Nazi raid Amsterdam & round up 429 young Jews for deportation
  • 1942 About 150 Japanese warplanes attack the Australian city of Darwin
  • 1942 Bill Longson beats Managoff & Sandor Szabo, to become wrestling champ

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1942 FDR orders detention & internment of all west-coast Japanese-Americans

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • 1942 Japanese troops land on Timor
  • 1943 German tanks under Generalmajor Karl Buelowius attack Kasserine Pass, Tunisia
  • 1944 823 British bombers attack Berlin
  • 1944 U-264 sinks off Ireland
  • 1945 980 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days on Ramree Island, Burma
  • 1945 Brotherhood Day-1st celebrated

Victory in battleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

1945 US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese with 30,000 US Marines

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1949 1st Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Ezra Pound

  • 1949 Mass arrests of communists in India
  • 1950 Groundbreaking ceremony held for Mississippi Vocational College (later Mississippi Valley State University)
  • 1952 French offensive at Hanoi
  • 1953 Georgia approves US 1st literature censorship board
  • 1953 William Inge's "Picnic" premieres in NYC
  • 1955 South East Asia Collective Defense Treaty goes into effect
  • 1958 Carl Perkins leaves Sun Records for Columbia Records
  • 1959 Britain, Turkey & Greece sign agreement granting Cyprus independence
  • 1959 Gabon adopts its constitution
  • 1959 USAF rocket-powered rail sled attains Mach 4.1 (4970 kph), NM
  • 1960 Protest strike in Poznan, Poland
  • 1961 Albania disavows Chinese "Revisionism"
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 Robert Frost wins Bollingen Prize

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1963 USSR informs JFK it is withdrawing several thousand troops from Cuba

35th US President John F. Kennedy
35th US President
John F. Kennedy
  • 1968 1st US teachers' strike (Florida)
  • 1968 "Mister Rogers' Neighborhood" debuts on NET (now PBS)
  • 1970 AL Cy Young winner Denny McLain suspended for bookmaking
  • 1970 USSR launches Sputnik 52 & Molniya 1-13 communications satellite
  • 1971 Walt Wesley becomes 1st Cleve Cavalier to score 50 pts in a game
  • 1972 Glenn Turner carries his bat for 223* v WI at Kingston
  • 1972 The Asama-Sanso hostage standoff begins in Japan.
  • 1976 Frente Polisario forms Democratic Republic of Sahara
  • 1977 Doug Walters scores 250 v NZ, 217 stand for 7th wicket w/Gilmour
  • 1977 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1977 Space shuttle Enterprise makes 1st Test flight atop a 747 jetliner
  • 1978 Brigitte Kraus runs world record 1000 m indoor (2:34.8)
  • 1978 20th Daytona 500: Bobby Allison wins (159.73 MPH)
  • 1982 Hanneke Jagersma installed as Neth's 1st Communist mayor
  • 1982 Sharie Langford, California, sets women's bowling series record of 853
  • 1982 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1983 Fernando Valenzuela wins his salary arbitration of $1 million
  • 1984 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1984 26th Daytona 500: Cale Yarborough wins (150.994 MPH)
  • 1985 150 killed when a Spanish jetliner crashed approaching Bilbao, Spain
  • 1985 ADM of Amsterdam declares bankruptcy

Birthdays in History


Person of interestPerson of Interest

1473 Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish mathematician and astronomer who theorized that planets revolve around the sun (Heliocentric theory), born in Toruń, Royal Prussia, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1543)

Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus
Astronomer and Mathematician
Nicolaus Copernicus
  • 1526 Charles de L'Ecluse, Flemish botanist (d. 1609)
  • 1552 Melchior Klesl, Austrian cardinal and statesman (d. 1630)
  • 1588 Pieter de Carpentier, Flemish gov-gen of Dutch East-Indies
  • 1611 Andries de Graeff, mayor of Amsterdam (1657..71)
  • 1630 Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, founder of the Maratha Empire, born at Shivneri fort (d. 1680) birth date according to Government of Maharashtra
  • 1660 Friedrich Hoffmann, German physician and chemist (d. 1742)
  • 1683 Philip V, France, King of Spain (1700-24, 24-46)
  • 1722 Tiphaigne de la Roche, French writer (d. 1774)
  • 1751 Cornelis de Gijselaar, Dutch politician/patriot
  • 1754 Vincenzo Monti, Italian poet/translator (Al Signor di Montgolfier)
  • 1755 Pieter G van Overstraten, governor-general of Neth-Indies
  • 1780 Friedrich H von der Hagen, German germanist (Nibelungenlied)
  • 1780 Richard McCarty, American politician (d. 1844)
  • 1792 Roderick Murchison, Muir of Ord Ross-shire, Scottish Geologist (Silurian system)
  • 1802 Wilhelm Matthias Naeff, Swiss Federal Councillor (d. 1881)
  • 1804 Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, German physician (d. 1878)
  • 1804 David Wark, Canadian politician (d. 1905)
  • 1817 Willem III, last male King of the Netherlands (1849-90), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1890)
  • 1819 Mark Prager Lindo, English/Dutch author/novelist/writer
  • 1821 Francis Preston Blair Jr, (Rep-Missouri), born in Lexington, Kentucky
  • 1827 Charles Robert Woods, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1855)
  • 1828 Johannes von Miquel, German politician
  • 1859 Svante August Arhenius, Swedish physicist/chemist (Nobel 1903)
  • 1864 Aritius S Talma, Dutch minister of Agriculture (Work Law of 1911)
  • 1865 Adrian van Oordt, Dutch writer (neo-romantic)
  • 1865 Sven Hedin, Sweden, scientist/explorer (Tibet)
  • 1876 Constantin Brancusi, Romanian French sculptor (Princesse X), born in Hobita (d. 1957)
  • 1877 Else Berg, German/Dutch painter
  • 1877 Gabriele Münter, German painter (d. 1962)
  • 1881 Evert Gorter, founder of Dutch medical child care
  • 1881 Paul Zech, German writer, born in Briesen, Western Prussia (d. 1946)
  • 1888 Aurora Quezon, First Lady of the Philippines (d. 1949)
  • 1889 Jose Eustasio Rivera, Colombia, poet/novelist (Vortex)
  • 1893 Pietro Pancrazi, Italian critic (Scrittori d'Oggi)
  • 1898 Lauwrens Voorthuyzen, [Lou de Palingboer], Dutch sect leader
  • 1899 Yury Olesha, Russian novelist (d. 1960)
  • 1900 Giorgos Seferis, writer
  • 1901 Cor[nelis RJ] Kieboom, Dutch resistance fighter/chairman (Feyenoord)
  • 1903 Sadiq Hidajat, Persian writer (Blind Person Owl), (d. 1951)
  • 1903 Kay Boyle, St. Paul, Minnesota, American novelist (Plagued by Nightingales)
  • 1904 Havank, [HF vqan der Kallen], Dutch thriller writer (St Eustache)
  • 1912 Adolf Rudnicki, Polish writer (Niekochana)
  • 1912 Peter Francis de Sautoy, publisher
  • 1917 Carson McCullers, US, novelist (Heart Is a Lonely Hunter)
  • 1920 Frances K Bairstow, educator/labor relations consultant
  • 1920 C. Z. Guest, American socialite (d. 2003)
  • 1920 Jaan Kross, Estonian writer (d. 2007)
  • 1921 Andries Treurnicht, [Dr No], founder (South African Conservative Party)
  • 1922 Beant Singh, politiician
  • 1924 David Bronstein, Ukrainian chess player (d. 2006)
  • 1927 Rene Firino-Martell, cognac manufacturer
  • 1930 John Frankenheimer, American director (Birdman of Alcatraz), born in NYC, New York
  • 1932 Joseph P Kerwin, Oak Park Ill, Capt Med Corps USN/astro (Skylab 2)
  • 1934 David Hugh Jones, Poole Dorset England, director (Betrayal)
  • 1934 Julian Belfrage, theatre Agent
  • 1936 Ione Mylonas Shear, archeologist
  • 1940 Saparmurat Niyazov, President of Turkmenistan (d. 2006)
  • 1941 Stephen Dobyns, US author/poet (Cold Dog Soup)
  • 1942 Kenneth R Kramer, (Rep-R-CO, 1979- )
  • 1943 Homer Hickam, American author and retired NASA engineer
  • 1943 Tim Hunt, British biochemist, Nobel laureate
  • 1944 Jan Bart Klaster, mythologist (Slogan)
  • 1946 Peter Hudson, Australian rules footballer
  • 1947 Peter Bird, ocean rower
  • 1947 Tim Shadbolt, mayor of Invercargill, New Zealand
  • 1948 Byron K Lichtenburg, Stroudsburg Pa, astronaut (STS 9, STS 45)
  • 1948 Pim Fortuyn, Dutch politician (d. 2002)
  • 1949 Dan Bunten, American software developer (d. 1998)
  • 1949 William Messner-Loebs, American comics writer
  • 1951 Shaykh-ul-Islam Dr Muhammad Tahir-ul-Qadri (Db), Pakistani Islamic Sufi Scholar
  • 1952 Rudolfo Neri-Vida, Mexico, PHD/astronaut (STS 23)
  • 1952 Amy Tan, American novelist
  • 1953 Cristina Elisabet Fernández - Argentinian politician
  • 1953 Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, politician, President of Argentina (2007-2015), born in La Plata, Buenos Aires
  • 1956 George David Low, astronaut (STS 32, STS 43), born in Cleveland, Ohio
  • 1956 Roderick MacKinnon, American biologist, Nobel laureate
  • 1958 Helen Fielding, English writer
  • 1960 Keith Musa[kawukhathi] Zondi, South African head of Inkatha Youth Brigade
  • 1960 Prince Andrew, Albert Christian Edward, of Britain/Duke of York
  • 1962 John Laroche, American orchid poacher
  • 1963 Laurell K. Hamilton, American writer
  • 1964 Dmitri Lipskerov, Russian writer
  • 1980 Neleh Dennis, American Survivor contestant
  • 1989 L A Baby orangutan, at Woodland Park Zoo, Seattle

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1934 US entertainer Bob Hope weds fellow entertainer Dolores DeFina

Entertainer Bob Hope
Entertainer
Bob Hope

Deaths in History

  • 197 D Clodius Septimus Albinus, Roman bequest in England, dies in battle
  • 440 Mesrop Mashtots, Armenian monk, theologian and linguist (b. 361/362)
  • 1133 Irene Ducaena, wife of Alexius I Comnenus (b. 1066)
  • 1260 Boniface, of Lausanne, Belgian bishop/saint, dies
  • 1401 William Sawtree, 1st English religious martyr, burned in London
  • 1414 Thomas Arundel, archbishop of Canterbury/chancellor of England, dies
  • 1545 Pierre Brully, [Peter Brulius], calvinist minister, burned to death
  • 1553 Erasmus Reinhold, German mathematician, dies at 41
  • 1568 Miles Coverdale, translator (1st complete English Bible), dies at 80
  • 1589 Saint Philothei, Orthodox martyr and Patron of Athens (b. 1522)
  • 1602 Philippe Emmanuel, Duke of Mercoeur, French soldier (b. 1558)
  • 1620 Roemer P Visscher, poet, buried in Amsterdam
  • 1622 Sir Henry Savile, English educator (b. 1549)
  • 1663 Adam Adami, German bishop and diplomat (b. 1603)
  • 1672 Charles Chauncy, English-born president of Harvard College (b. 1592)
  • 1709 Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, Japanese shogun (b. 1646)
  • 1716 Dorthe Engelbrechtsdatter, Norwegian poet (b. 1634)
  • 1789 Nicholas Van Dyke, American lawyer and President of Delaware (b. 1738)
  • 1799 Jean-Charles de Borda, French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor (b. 1733)
  • 1806 Elizabeth Carter, English writer (b. 1717)
  • 1837 Georg Büchner, German playwright (b. 1813)
  • 1864 William Edwin Baldwin, US Confederate brig-general, dies
  • 1873 Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1837)
  • 1875 Jean B Vuillaume, French violin maker (octobas), dies at 76
  • 1878 Charles F Daubigny, French restaurateur/painter, dies at 61
  • 1887 Multatuli [Eduard Douwes Dekker], Dutch writer (Max Havelaar), dies at 66
  • 1897 Karl T Weierstrass, German mathematician, dies at 81
  • 1915 Gopal Krishna Gokhale, India's social reformer/politician, dies
  • 1916 Ernst Mach, Austrian physicist/philosopher/psychologist, dies at 78
  • 1927 Georg Brandes, [Cohen], Danish literary-historian and critic, dies at 85
  • 1936 Charles Harding Firth, British historian (b. 1857)
  • 1942 Frank Abbandando, American gangster (executed) (b. 1910)
  • 1945 Wim Speelman, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at 26

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1951 Andre Gide, French writer (Lafcadio's Adventures-Nobel 1947), dies of pneumonia at 81

Writer André Gide
Writer
André Gide
  • 1952 Knut Hamsun, writer, dies at 92
  • 1962 Georgios Papanikolaou, Greek doctor, inventor of the Pap smear (b. 1883)
  • 1965 Gheorge Gheorghiu Dej, Romanian president, dies at 63
  • 1967 Wilmer King, 1st casuality on Tappan Zee Bridge NY, dies
  • 1970 Ralph Edward Flanders, (Sen-VT), dies at 89
  • 1972 Tedd Pierce, American animator (b. 1906)
  • 1977 Anthony Crosland, British politician (b. 1918)
  • 1985 Elizabeth Julesberg, author (Dick & Jane), dies
  • 1986 James O Eastland, (Sen-D-Miss), dies at 81
  • 1988 André Frédéric Cournand, French-born physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1895)
  • 1989 Jaap van de Merwe, Dutch journalist/cabareter (Hadjememaar), dies
  • 1990 Michael Powell, Engl director (Life & Death of Col Blimp), dies at 84
  • 1992 Chet Leaming, dies after brief illness at 66
  • 1993 Gerhard Gesell, judge (Pentagon Papers), dies of liver cancer at 82
  • 1994 Georges Watin, Algerian/French officer (OAS), dies at 71
  • 1995 Calder Willingham, American novelist and scriptwriter (End as a Man), dies at 72
  • 1995 Ian Ball, photographer, dies at 80
  • 1995 Shlomo Averbach, Israeli ultra-orthodox rabbi, dies at 84
  • 1996 Grant Sawyer, US politician, dies at 76
  • 1996 Madhaviah Krishnan, naturalist, dies at 83

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1997 Deng Xiaoping, Chinese revolutionary and paramount leader of China (1978-92), dies at 92

Paramount Leader of China Deng Xiaoping
Paramount Leader of China
Deng Xiaoping
  • 1998 Grandpa Jones, country comic/banjo wizard (Hee Haw), dies at 84
  • 1999 Mohammad Sadeq al-Sadr, Iraqi Shiite leader (assassinated)
  • 2000 Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Austrian artist (b. 1928)
  • 2001 Priscilla Davis, American socialite (b. 1942)
  • 2001 Stanley Kramer, American director (b. 1913)
  • 2007 Celia Franca, founder of National Ballet of Canada (b. 1921)
  • 2010 Laura Spurr, Tribal Chairperson, Nottawaseppi Huron Band of the Potawatomi (b. 1945)
  • 2012 John Hogan, American research chemist, dies at 92
  • 2012 Steve Kordek, American pinball machine designer, dies at 100
  • 2014 Dale Gardner, American astronaut, dies from a brain aneurysm at 65
  • 2014 Valeri Nikolayevich Kubasov, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 79
  • 2016 Umberto Eco, Italian philosopher and writer (Name of the Rose), dies at 84

Person of interestPerson of Interest

2016 [Nelle] Harper Lee, American author (To Kill a Mockingbird), dies at 89

Author Harper Lee
Author
Harper Lee