On This Day in History for February 2

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 138

  • 506 Alaric II, king of the Visigoths, promulgates the Lex Romania Visigothorum (or Breviary of Alaric), a collection of Roman law
  • 962 Pope John XII crowns German King Otto I the Great Emperor
  • 1032 Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor becomes King of Burgundy, succeeding Rudolf III
  • 1119 Guido di Borgogna elected Pope Callistus II
  • 1141 Battle of Lincoln: King Stephen captured by forces loyal to Empress Matilda and commanded by Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester
  • 1536 Pedro de Mendoza founds Argentine city of Buenos Aires
  • 1542 Portuguese under Christovão da Gama capture a Muslim-occupied hillfort in northern Ethiopia in the Battle of Baçente.
  • 1550 Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset, freed
  • 1637 Zorilla's "El más Impropio Verdugo Para Las" premieres in Madrid
  • 1653 New Amsterdam becomes a city (later renamed New York)
  • 1709 British sailor Alexander Selkirk is rescued after being marooned on a desert island for 5 years, his story inspires "Robinson Crusoe"
  • 1714 Nicholas Rowe's play "The Tragedy of Jane Shore" premieres in London
  • 1732 King Frederik Willem I moves Lutherans towards East-Prussia
  • 1742 British government of Robert Walpole resigns
  • 1787 Arthur St. Clair is elected the 9th President of the Continental Congress under the Articles of Confederation
  • 1798 Federal St Theater, Boston, becomes 1st in US destroyed by fire
  • 1802 1st leopard exhibited in US, Boston (admission 25 cents)
  • 1811 Russian settlers establish Ft Ross trading post, north of San Francisco
  • 1829 Madman Jonathan Martin sets York Cathedral on fire, does £60,000 damage
  • 1843 US & British settlers in Oregon Country choose government committee
  • 1848 1st ship load of Chinese immigrants arrive in San Francisco
  • 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends the Mexican-American War: US acquires Texas, California, New Mexico and Arizona for $15 million
  • 1852 1st British public men's toilet opens in Fleet St, London
  • 1852 Alexandre Dumas Jr's "La Dame aux Camélias" premieres in Paris
  • 1854 Pope Pius IX encyclical "On persecution of Armenians"
  • 1864 -Oct 7th) Cruise of CSS Florida
  • 1869 James Oliver invents removable tempered steel plow blade
  • 1870 Cardiff Giant (supposed petrified human) proved to be gypsum
  • 1878 Greece declares war on Turkey
  • 1880 SS Strathleven arrives in London with first shipment of frozen Australian mutton
  • 1887 In Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania, the first Groundhog Day is observed.
  • 1888 Frank Sprague opens the first successful U.S. electric street railway system, the Richmond Union Passenger Railway, in Richmond, Virginia
  • 1892 Bottle cap with cork seal patented by William Painter (Baltimore)
  • 1892 Johnny Briggs takes a hat-trick, England v Australia SCG
  • 1894 US warship Kearsarge wrecked on Roncador Reef, near Solomon Island
  • 1899 The Australian Premiers' Conference held in Melbourne decides to locate Australia's capital (Canberra) between Sydney and Melbourne.
  • 1901 Female Army Nurse Corps established as a permanent organization

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1901 Queen Victoria's funeral takes place in St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, England

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • 1901 Mexican government troops are ambushed by Yaqui Indians, 100 killed
  • 1901 The US Congress passes the Army Reorganization Act, placing the minimum number of men under arms at 58,000
  • 1906 Pope encyclical against separation of church & state
  • 1909 Italian writer Marinetti publishes Futurist Manifest in Paris
  • 1912 Frederick R Law, parachutes from Statue of Liberty (stunt for Pathe)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1913 NY football Giants sign Jim Thorpe

Versatile Athlete Jim Thorpe
Versatile Athlete
Jim Thorpe
  • 1913 NYC's Grand Central Terminal opens
  • 1919 Monarchist riot in Portugal
  • 1920 Estonia declares its Independence from Russia (Dorpat Peace)
  • 1920 France occupies (German) Memel territory
  • 1920 Tarto/Dorpat peace treaty: USSR recognizes Estonian independence
  • 1922 It was 2:22:22 on 2/2/22

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1922 James Joyce's "Ulysses" published in Paris (1,000 copies)

Novelist & Poet James Joyce
Novelist & Poet
James Joyce

  • 1923 Ethyl gasoline 1st marketed, Dayton, Ohio
  • 1923 US signs friendship treaty with Central American countries
  • 1924 International Ski Federation (FIS) forms
  • 1925 Belgian episcopacy rejects liberalism, communism & socialism
  • 1925 Dogsleds reach Nome with emergency diphtheria serum after 1000-km
  • 1925 NL holds Golden Jubilee Year meeting at same hotel where NL began
  • 1927 Harry Tierney/Joseph McCarthy's "Rio Rita" premieres in NYC
  • 1927 Ziegfeld Theater (Loew's Ziegfeld) opens at 6th Ave & 54th St NYC
  • 1931 1st siyyum of Talmud celebrated by Daf Yomi students
  • 1931 1st use of a rocket to deliver mail (Austria)
  • 1932 Geneva disarmament conference begins with 60 countries
  • 1932 Grimmett takes 14 wickets v South Africa (7-116 & 7-83)
  • 1932 Reconstruction Finance Corp organized

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 2 days after becoming chancellor, Adolf Hitler dissolves the Reichstag (Parliament)

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1933 Hermann Goering bans Communist meetings/demonstrations in Germany

Nazi Politician Hermann Goering
Nazi Politician
Hermann Goering
  • 1933 Ucicky's "Rotten Morning" premieres in Berlin
  • 1934 Dutch RC Bishops warn against fascism and nazism
  • 1935 Leonarde Keeler first uses his polygraph machine on criminals later convicted of assault on its findings in Portage, Wisconsin
  • 1942 LA Times urges security measures against Japanese-Americans
  • 1942 US auto factories switch from commercial to war production
  • 1943 German 6th Army surrenders after Battle of Stalingrad in a major turning point in Europe during World War II
  • 1944 4th US marine division conquers Roi, Marshall Islands
  • 1944 Allied troops 1st set foot on Japanese territory
  • 1944 Edward Chodorov's "Decision" premieres in NYC
  • 1945 Escape attempt at Mauthausen concentration camp
  • 1946 The Proclamation of Hungarian Republic made
  • 1948 President Harry Truman urges congress to adopt a civil rights program
  • 1951 -35°F (-37°C), Greensburg, Indiana (state record until 1994)
  • 1951 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 President Eisenhower reports detonation of 1st H-bomb (done in 1952)

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • 1954 Snow falls on Gibraltar
  • 1956 Coasters sign with Atlantic Records
  • 1957 UN adopts a resolution calling for Israeli troops to leave Egypt
  • 1958 Syria joins Egypt in United Arab Republic
  • 1960 Michale Eufemia sinks 625 balls in pool match without a miss
  • 1961 Prince Bernhard opens new RAI building in Amsterdam
  • 1962 8 of 9 planets align for 1st time in 400 years
  • 1962 USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
  • 1964 GI Joe, debuts as a popular American boy's toy
  • 1965 Joe Orton's "Loot" premieres in Brighton
  • 1966 Pakistan suggests a six-point agenda with Kashmir dispute as number one item for the proposed Indo-Pak ministerial talks after 1965 war.
  • 1967 Bolivia adopts its constitution
  • 1968 Springer Publishers in West Berlin, bombed
  • 1971 US Congressional Black Caucus organizes with Charles C. Diggs Jr. its first Chair

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1971 Idi Amin ousts Milton Obote and appoints himself President (dictator) of Uganda

Ugandan Dictator Idi Amin
Ugandan Dictator
Idi Amin
  • 1972 Lefty Gomez, Ross Youngs & William Harridge selected for Hall of Fame

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1972 Tom Stoppard's "Jumpers" premieres in London

Playwright Tom Stoppard
Playwright
Tom Stoppard
  • 1972 Angry demonstrators burn the British Embassy in Dublin to the ground in protest at the shooting dead of 13 people on 'bloody sunday'
  • 1973 Richard Helms, ends term as 8th director of CIA; succeeded by James R Schlesinger (until July)

Birthdays in History

  • 1208 James I of Aragon (d. 1276)
  • 1455 King John of Denmark (d. 1513)
  • 1494 Bona Sforza, queen of Sigismund I of Poland (d. 1557)
  • 1502 Damião de Góis, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1574)
  • 1506 René de Birague, French cardinal and chancellor (d. 1583)
  • 1522 Lodovico Ferrari, Italian mathematician (d. 1565)
  • 1583 Anna Roemers Visscher, Dutch poetess
  • 1595 Jacob van Campen, painter/architect (New Church, Amsterdam)
  • 1600 Gabriel Naudé, French librarian and scholar (d. 1653)
  • 1613 Noël Chabanel, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1649)
  • 1621 Johannes Schefferus, Alsatian-born humanist (d. 1679)
  • 1649 Benedict XIII, [Pierfrancesco Orsini], Italian 245th pope (1724-30)
  • 1695 William Borlase, English naturalist (d. 1772)
  • 1695 François de Chevert, French general (d. 1769)
  • 1711 Wenzel Anton von Kaunitz, Austrian diplomat (d. 1794)
  • 1717 Ernst Gideon Freiherr von Laudon, Austrian field marshal (d. 1790)
  • 1780 Johannes van den Bosch, gov-gen (Neth East Indies)
  • 1786 Jacques Philippe Marie Binet, French mathematician (d. 1856)
  • 1802 Jean-Baptiste JD Boussingault, French chemist
  • 1803 Albert Sidney Johnston, Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • 1815 Nathaniel Collins McLean, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1905)
  • 1817 John Glover, English chemist (sulfuric acid)
  • 1820 Hans E Schack, Danish politician/writer (Phantasterne)
  • 1827 Abner Monroe Perrin, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • 1827 Oswald Aschenbach, German painter
  • 1829 Alfred Brehm, German zoologist (d. 1884)
  • 1835 Luigi Manzotti, Milano, ballet choreographer
  • 1841 François-Alphonse Forel, Swiss hydrologist (d. 1912)
  • 1842 Yulian Vasilievich Sokhotski, Russian mathematician (d. 1927)
  • 1849 Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet (d. 1921)
  • 1850 Carel V Gerritsen, Dutch free thinker
  • 1851 José Guadalupe Posada, Mexican artist (d. 1913)
  • 1857 Jan Six, Dutch art historian/art collector
  • 1859 Havelock Ellis, US physician/sexologist (Psychology of Sex)
  • 1860 Curtis Guild, Jr., 43rd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1915)
  • 1861 Mehmed VI, last sultan of Ottoman Empire (1918-22)
  • 1861 Solomon R. Guggenheim, American businessman and philanthropist (Guggenheim Museum NYC), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1949)
  • 1873 Freiherr Konstantin von Neurath, German secretary of State (1932-38)
  • 1873 Johan P earl van Limburg Stirum, Dutch diplomat
  • 1875 Annette Kolb, German author (Small Fanfare) and pacifist, born in Munich (d. 1967)
  • 1878 Christian Gauss, educator/writer (Phi Beta Kappa award namesake)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1882 James Joyce, Irish novelist and poet (Dubliners, Ulysses, Finnigan's Wake), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1941)

Novelist & Poet James Joyce
Novelist & Poet
James Joyce
  • 1882 James Stephens, Irish poet (Crock of Gold)
  • 1884 Julis Deutsch, Austria politician/General Spanish rep army
  • 1885 Aldo Palazzeschi, [Giurlani], Italian writer (I cavalli bianchi)
  • 1886 Kurt Baschwitz, German/Dutch sociologist/journalist (Du und)
  • 1890 Jean J M de Lattre de Tassigny, French gen (Indo-China)
  • 1891 Antonio Segni, Italian politician, Prime Minister of Italy (1955-57, 59-60, 62-64), born in Sassari, Sardinia (d. 1972)
  • 1893 Cornelius Lanczos, Hungarian mathematician, born in Székesfehérvár, Hungary (d. 1974)
  • 1896 Kazimierz Kuratowski, Polish mathematician and logician (d. 1980)
  • 1897 Howard Johnson, American hotelier (d. 1972)
  • 1897 Aimé Avignon, France's former oldest living man (d. 2007)
  • 1900 Carroll Righter, American columnist and astrologer to the stars, born in Salem, New Jersey (d. 1988)
  • 1901 Jascha Heifetz, Vilna Lithuania, US violin virtuoso (Carnegie Hall)
  • 1902 Newbold Morris, American politician (d. 1966)
  • 1904 Buzurg Alavi, Persian author (Panjah va sih nafar, Namal'ha)
  • 1905 Ayn Rand, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire, writer and philosopher (Atlas Shrugged, The Fountainhead)
  • 1905 Jean-Pierre Guerlain, French cosmetics pioneer
  • 1907 Bernardas Brazdzionis, Lithuania, poet/editor/critic
  • 1910 Charlotte Auerbach, British geneticist and zoologist, born in Krefeld, Germany (d. 1994)
  • 1910 Hendrik H K Beernink, Dutch politician (CHU)
  • 1912 Millvina Dean, last living survivour of the RMS Titanic.
  • 1914 Eric Kierans, Canadian politician and economist (d. 2004)
  • 1915 Evert Werkman, Dutch journalist (Het Parool)
  • 1915 Abba Eban, Israeli diplomat (d. 2002)
  • 1916 Xuân Diệu, Vietnamese poet (d. 1985)
  • 1918 Hella [S Lelyveld-]Haasse, Dutch author (Cider for Poor People)
  • 1920 An Wang, founder (Wang Labs, Wang Computers)
  • 1923 Peter Fowler, physicist
  • 1925 David Abell Wood, priest
  • 1926 Miguel Cardinal Obando y Bravo, 1st Cent American cardinal (Nicaragua)
  • 1926 Valéry Giscard d'Estaing, French politician
  • 1927 Friedrich K Flick, German industrialist
  • 1927 Richard Ray, (Rep-D-GA, 1983- ) [or Jan 2]
  • 1928 Luigi Ciriaco De Mita, PM of Italy (1988-89)
  • 1931 Dries van Agt, Dutch Prime Minister (CDA, 1977-82), born in Geldrop, Netherlands
  • 1931 Judith Viorst, American author
  • 1933 Than Shwe, ruler of Myanmar
  • 1939 Rachel English, author (My 1st 500), born in London, England
  • 1939 Akbar Adibi, Iranian scientist, father of electronics in Iran (d. 2000)
  • 1939 Dale T. Mortensen, Enterprise, Oregon, economist (Nobel, 2010), (d. 2014)
  • 1940 Thomas M[ichael] Disch, American sci-fi author (Genocides, 102 H-Bombs)
  • 1942 Barry Diller, founder (Fox-TV)
  • 1946 Alpha Oumar Konaré, ex-president of Mali
  • 1948 Alan McKay, rocker (Earth Wind & Fire-Boogie Wonderland)
  • 1948 Tony DeMeur, rocker (Fabulous Poodles-Anna Rexia, Suicide Bridge)
  • 1952 Park Geun-hye, 1st female President of South Korea (2013-), born in Jung-gu, Taegu
  • 1953 James Mndaweni, South African worker's union leader/president (NACTU)
  • 1953 Duane Chapman, American bounty hunter
  • 1957 Laurie Mann, current DPS curator/geek
  • 1962 Andy Fordham, English darts player
  • 1963 Philip Laats, Belgian judoka
  • 1967 Laurent Nkunda, Congolese general
  • 1983 Will South, Thirteen Senses frontman
  • 1992 Rebop Rundgren, son of Michelle Gray & Todd

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1870 American writer (Huckleberry Finn) Samuel Langhorne Clemens, pen name Mark Twain, (34) marries Olivia Langdon (24) in Elmira, NY

Author Mark Twain
Author
Mark Twain

HeartWedding of Interest

1936 Physicist Emilio G. Segrè (31) weds jewish woman Elfriede Spiro at the Great Synagogue of Rome in Italy

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Emilio G. Segrè
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Emilio G. Segrè
  • 1990 Marina Ogilvy (daughter of Engl princess Alexandra) weds Paul Mowatt

HeartWedding of Interest

2001 Fashion designer Diane von Furstenberg (54) weds media tycoon Barry Diller

Fashion Designer Diane von Furstenberg
Fashion Designer
Diane von Furstenberg
  • 2002 Crown Prince Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands (38) weds Argentinean born Maxima Zorreguieta (34) at the Beurs van Berlage

Deaths in History

  • 672 Chad of Mercia, Ango-Saxon saint
  • 1032 Rudolf III, last independent king of Bourgundy, dies
  • 1124 Bořivoj II of Bohemia, Duke of Bohemia (1100-1107, 1117-1120)
  • 1218 Konstantin of Rostov, Prince of Novgorod (b. 1186)
  • 1250 Eric XI of Sweden (b. 1216)
  • 1435 Johanna II, lawless Queen of Naples (1414-35), dies at 61
  • 1461 Owen Tudor, Welsh founder of the Tudor dynasty of England
  • 1491 Martin Schongauer, German painter, dies at 40
  • 1529 Baldassare Castiglione, Italian writer (b. 1478)
  • 1540 George Schenck van Toutenburg, gov/viceroy of Frisia/Groningen
  • 1563 Hans Neusiedler, Hungarian/German luitist/author, dies at approx 54
  • 1580 Bessho Nagaharu, Japanese retainer (b. 1558)
  • 1597 Lucas van Valckenborch, Flemish painter, buried at about 61
  • 1648 George Abbot, English writer
  • 1660 Govert Flinck, Dutch painter (Isaac blesses Jacob), dies at 45
  • 1660 Jean BG duke of Orleans, brother of French King Louis XIII, dies at 51
  • 1661 Lucas Holstenius, German humanist (b. 1596)
  • 1688 Abraham Duquesne, French naval officer (b. 1610)
  • 1704 Guillaume F A de l'Hospital, French mathematician, dies at about 62
  • 1712 Martin Lister, English naturalist and physician
  • 1714 John Sharp, English Archbishop of York (b. 1643)
  • 1723 Antonio M Valsalva, Italian anatomist, dies at 66
  • 1768 Robert Smith, English mathematician (b. 1689)
  • 1769 Clement XIII, [Carlo Rezzonico], Pope (1758-69), dies at 75
  • 1793 William Aiton, English botanist (Kew Gardens), dies at 61
  • 1802 Welbore Ellis, 1st Baron Mendip, British statesman (b. 1713)
  • 1804 Caesar Rodney, US judge (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 62
  • 1804 George Walton, Signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1749-50)
  • 1828 Frederik Sigismund earl of Bylandt, vice-admiral, dies at 78
  • 1852 Francois MP Liberman, French founder (Congr of H Heart), dies at 49
  • 1881 Aleksej F Pisemski, Russian writer (Clodhopper), dies at 59
  • 1895 Archduke Albert, Austrian general (b. 1817)
  • 1904 William C. Whitney, American financier (b. 1841)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1907 Dmitri Mendeleev, Russian chemist and inventor who devised the periodic table of the elements, dies at 72

Chemist and Inventor Dmitri Mendeleev
Chemist and Inventor
Dmitri Mendeleev
  • 1909 Adolf Stoecker, German anti-semite/prime minister, dies at 73
  • 1925 Antti Aarne, Finnish sociologist, dies at 57
  • 1926 Vladimir Sukhomlinov, Russian general (b. 1848)
  • 1931 Theodor Batthynyi, Hungarian contra-revolutionary, dies at 71
  • 1932 Agha Petros, Assyrian nationalist leader
  • 1941 Johannes Schlaf, writer, dies at 78
  • 1942 Daniil Kharms, Russian playwright (b. 1905)
  • 1945 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German Leipzig mayor and Nazi regime opponent (20th July plot), hanged at 60
  • 1948 Thomas W. Lamont, American banker; father or Corliss Lamont; great-grandfather of Ned Lamont (b. 1870)
  • 1950 Constantin Carathéodory, Greek mathematician (b. 1873)
  • 1956 Pyotr Konchalovsky, Russian painter (b. 1876)
  • 1957 Grigory Landsberg, Russian physicist (b. 1890)
  • 1965 Richard P Blackmur, American critic/publisher (Good European), dies at 61
  • 1970 Bertrand Russell, philosopher, British MP, dies in Merioneth at 97
  • 1972 Natalie Clifford Barney, American writer (b. 1876)
  • 1973 Henry J Elias, Flemish historian/mayor of Gent, dies at 70
  • 1973 Hendrik Elias, Belgian politician (b. 1902)
  • 1980 William H Stein, US biochemist (Nobel 1972), dies at 68
  • 1981 Donald W Douglas, US aircraft pioneer/builder, dies at 88
  • 1981 Jan Donner, Dutch chairman of High Council, dies at 89
  • 1982 Stringfellow Barr, US educationalist (100 Great Books), dies at 85
  • 1982 Paul Desruisseaux, French Canadian lawyer, businessman and politician (b 1905)
  • 1983 Roy Horb, Suriname sergeant/putschist, commits suicide
  • 1987 Alfred Lion, record founder (Blue Note), dies at 78
  • 1987 Alistair MacLean, Scottish novelist (b. 1922)
  • 1988 Clive Epstein, brother of Brian Epstein, dies at 51
  • 1988 G Mennen Williams, Supreme Court justice, dies at 76 in Detroit
  • 1992 Jack [John T] Aitken, British anatomist, dies at 78
  • 1992 Maurice J Hill, writer (Track of Thunder), dies of pneumonia at 89
  • 1992 Maurice L Kusell, dies
  • 1995 Alexis d'Anjou de Bourbon-Condé, French prince/Russian, dies at 47
  • 1995 Andre Frossard, French publicist (Defense of Pope), dies at 80
  • 1995 David Kindersley, alphabet Designer/Cutter, dies at 79
  • 1995 Phillip Borsos, Tasmanian/Canadian director (Mean Season), dies
  • 1995 Robert L Haller, coon Dog Trainer, dies at 32
  • 1996 Ray McIntire, American chemical engineer, dies at 77
  • 1996 Shamus Culhane, animator, dies at 87
  • 1997 Godfrey Baseley, British radio executive, dies at 92
  • 1997 Erich Eliskases, Austrian chess player (b. 1913)
  • 2002 Claude Brown, American writer (b. 1937)
  • 2007 Filippo Raciti, Italian police officer (b. 1967)
  • 2012 Dorothy Gilman, American mystery writer, dies from Alzheimer's disease at 88
  • 2013 Chris Kyle, American sniper, is shot at 38
  • 2016 Intizar Hussain, Pakistani and Urdu writer and columnist, dies in his early 90s