On This Day in History for February 23

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 141


Event of interestEvent of Interest

303 Roman Emperor Diocletian begins his policy of persecuting Christians, razing the church at Nicomedia

Roman Emperor Diocletian
Roman Emperor
Diocletian
  • 1455 Johannes Gutenberg prints his first Bible (estimated date)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1540 Francisco Vázquez de Coronado's expedition sets off from Mexico in search of the 7 cities of Cibola

Explorer and Conquistador Francisco Vázquez de Coronado
Explorer and Conquistador
Francisco Vázquez de Coronado
  • 1574 France begins 5th "holy war" against Huguenots
  • 1660 Charles XI becomes king of Sweden
  • 1668 Fire in the Hofburg in Vienna, emperor Leopold I rescued
  • 1672 Joan Blaeus publishers destroyed by fire in Amsterdam
  • 1689 Dutch prince William III proclaimed king of England
  • 1778 Baron von Steuben joins Continental Army at Valley Forge
  • 1792 Humane Society of Massachusetts incorporated (erected life-saving stations for distressed mariners)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1804 Conspirators against Napoleon, for restoration of Louis XVIII

King of France Louis XVIII
King of France
Louis XVIII
French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte
French Emperor
Napoléon Bonaparte
  • 1813 1st US raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham, Mass
  • 1820 Cato Street conspiracy uncovered
  • 1821 College of Apothecaries organized in Phil; 1st US pharmacy college
  • 1822 Boston, Massachusetts, is incorporated as a city
  • 1836 Alamo besieged for 13 days until 6th March by Mexican army under General Santa Anna; entire garrison eventually killed
  • 1846 Polish revolutionaries march on Kraków, but are defeated

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1847 Battle of Buena Vista Mexico; Zachary Taylor defeats Mexicans

12th US President Zachary Taylor
12th US President
Zachary Taylor
  • 1854 Great Britain & Orange Free state sign Convention of Bloemfontein
  • 1861 Dutch Premier Floris A van Hall resigns
  • 1869 Louisiana governor signs public accommodations law
  • 1870 Mississippi is readmitted to US
  • 1883 Alabama becomes 1st US state to enact an antitrust law
  • 1883 American Anti-Vivisection Society organized (Philadelphia)
  • 1886 Aluminum manufacturing process developed
  • 1886 "The Times" of London publishes world's 1st classified ad
  • 1887 Congress grants Seal Rocks to SF
  • 1887 French/Italian Riviera struck by Earthquake; 2,000 die
  • 1892 1st college student government forms at Bryn Mawr Penn

Sports record brokenWorld Record

1895 Jaap Eden skates world record 10km (17:56)

Cyclist and Speed Skater Jaap Eden
Cyclist and Speed Skater
Jaap Eden
  • 1895 William Heard, AME minister & educator, named minister to Liberia
  • 1896 Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hirshfield
  • 1898 In France, Emile Zola is imprisoned for writing his "J'accuse" letter accusing government of anti-Semitism & wrongly jailing Alfred Dreyfus
  • 1900 Battle at Hart's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
  • 1900 Steamer "Rio de Janeiro" sinks in SF Bay
  • 1903 The US and Cuba sign an agreement by which Cuba releases Guantanamo and Bahia Hondo to the US for naval stations
  • 1903 The Sultan agrees to an Austro-Russian plan to reform the government of Macedonia in yet another effort to stifle the rising disorder among the rival Bulgarian
  • 1904 United States acquires control of the Panama Canal Zone for $10 million
  • 1904 Having occupied Korea, Japan signs a treaty with Korea under which it becomes a Japanese protectorate in return for Japanese protection from other powers
  • 1905 First Rotary Club formed by 4 men in the Unity Building, Chicago

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1909 Russian Tsar Nicholas II dissolves Finnish Diet

  • 1910 1st radio contest held (Philadelphia)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1910 George Bernard Shaw's "Misalliance" premieres in London

  • 1915 Germany sinks US ships Carib & Evelyn & torpedoes Norwegian ship Regin
  • 1915 Nevada enforces convenient divorce law
  • 1916 Congress authorizes McKinley Memorial $1 gold coin
  • 1916 French artillery kills entire French 72nd division at Samogneux Verdun
  • 1918 First victory of Red Army over the Kaiser's German troops near Narva and Pskov. Since 1923 this date become the Day of Red Army in honour of this victory.

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1919 Fascist Party forms in Italy by Benito Mussolini

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • 1921 1st US transcontinental air mail flight arrives in NYC from San Francisco
  • 1923 German Republic day with laws against worker
  • 1923 Great Britain lowers import duty on German products from 26% to 5%

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1927 US President Calvin Coolidge creates Federal Radio Commission (FRC)

30th US President Calvin Coolidge
30th US President
Calvin Coolidge
  • 1934 Coronation of King Leopold III of Belgium
  • 1936 1st rocket air mail flight, Greenwood Lake, NY
  • 1940 Russian troops conquer Lasi Island
  • 1941 Plutonium was first produced and isolated by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg.
  • 1942 Japanese submarine fires on oil refinery in Ellwood, Calif
  • 1943 Gen-Maj Bradley arrives in Dakar & Marrakesh
  • 1943 German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia
  • 1944 Forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people to Central Asia.
  • 1945 2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London
  • 1945 Canadian troops occupy Kalkar
  • 1945 Operation Grenade: Gen Simpson's 9th Army crosses Ruhr

Victory in battleRaising the Flag on Iwo Jima

1945 US Marines raise the flag on Iwo Jima, later a famous photo and Marine Corps War Memorial sculpture

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1947 Gen Eisenhower opens drive to raise $170M in aid for European Jews

34th US President & WWII General Dwight D. Eisenhower
34th US President & WWII General
Dwight D. Eisenhower

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1954 1st mass inoculation against polio with Salk vaccine (Pittsburgh)

Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk
Medical Researcher and Virologist
Jonas Salk
  • 1954 Syrian army drives out president Adib el-Shishakli
  • 1955 Edgar Faure forms French government
  • 1956 20th Congress of CPSU closes in Moscow
  • 1957 The founding congress of the Senegalese Popular Bloc is opened in Dakar.
  • 1958 5-time world driving champion Juan Fangio kidnapped by Cuban rebels
  • 1958 Arturo Frondizi elected President of Argentina
  • 1958 Last Municipal arc light, Mission & 25th removed (installed in 1913)
  • 1958 USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
  • 1960 Demolition begins on Brooklyn's Ebbets Field (opened in 1913)
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1964 Charlie Finley signs a 4 year lease to keep A's in Kansas City
  • 1964 6th Daytona 500: Richard Petty wins (154.334)
  • 1965 Constance Baker Motley elected Manhattan Borough president
  • 1966 Military coup in Syria ends Bitar government
  • 1966 Premier Milton Obote siezes power in Uganda
  • 1967 25th amendment (US Presidential succession) adopted
  • 1967 John Herbert's "Fortune & Men's Eyes" premieres in NYC
  • 1967 US troops begin largest offensive of Vietnam War
  • 1969 Nayif Hawatimah forms Dem People's Front for Liberation of Palestine
  • 1969 11th Daytona 500: LeeRoy Yarbrough wins (157.95 MPH)
  • 1970 Guyana becomes a republic (National Day)
  • 1970 Holy Eucharist given by women for 1st time in Roman Catholic service
  • 1971 Lt Calley confessed & implicates Captain Medina
  • 1973 Gold goes up $10 overnight to record $95 an ounce in London
  • 1974 Teri Garr appears on Bob Newhart Show in "Confessions of an Orthodontist"
  • 1975 In response to the energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly two months early in the United States.
  • 1976 Owners announce spring training won't open without a labor contract
  • 1979 Frank Peterson Jr named 1st black general in Marine Corps
  • 1980 France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
  • 1980 Oil tanker explosion off Pilos, Greece, causes 37-mil-gallon spill
  • 1981 People mag features drug ordeal of Mackenzie & Papa John Phillips
  • 1981 Spanish coup under lt-col Antonio Tejero Molina fails
  • 1982 Michael Frayn's "Noises Off" premieres in London

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 106

  • 1417 Pope Paul II [Pietro Barbo], Venice, Republic of Venice, Pope (1464-71)
  • 1583 Jean-Baptiste Morin, French scientist (d. 1656)
  • 1614 Jacob Colijn(s), Dutch coat of arms painter
  • 1615 Cornelis Galle II, Flemish engraver/illustrator, baptised
  • 1646 Tokugawa Tsunayoshi, Japanese shogun (d. 1709)
  • 1648 Arabella Churchill, English mistress of James II of England (d. 1730)
  • 1700 Wilhelmus Schortinghuis, Dutch theologist (Profound Christianity)
  • 1723 Richard Price, Welsh philosopher (d. 1791)
  • 1729 Josiah Hornblower, American statesman (d. 1809)
  • 1734 Mayer Amschel Rothschild, Frankfurt, founder (House of Rothschild)
  • 1743 Mayer Amschel Rothschild, German-born banker (d. 1812)
  • 1776 John Walter II, chief proprietor (The Times, 1812-47), born in London, England
  • 1787 Emma Willard, US, opens school for young ladies (Hall of Fame)
  • 1792 Istvan Ferenczi, Hungarian sculptor
  • 1817 George Watts, painter, born in London, England
  • 1818 Jeremy F Gilmer, Maj Gen/Chief Engineer Confederate War Dept
  • 1824 Herman N van der Tuuk, Dutch philologist (Tobasch' Grammar)
  • 1824 Lewis Cass Hunt, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1886)
  • 1831 Hendrik W Mesdag, Dutch painter (Panorama Mesdag)
  • 1834 Gustav Hermann Nachtigal, German physician/colonizer/consul in Tunis
  • 1838 Gilbert Moxley Sorrel, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • 1840 Carl Menger, Austrian economist
  • 1842 Karl Robert Eduard von Hartmann, German philosopher (d. 1906)
  • 1850 César Ritz, Swiss hotelier (d. 1918)
  • 1863 Franz von Stuck, German painter (Der Krieg)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1868 William E B Du Bois, Great Barrington Massachusetts, civil rights activist and writer (Souls of Black Folk)

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois
  • 1869 Nadezhda Konstantinova Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary (Soc-Dem)
  • 1873 Liang Qichao, Chinese scholar (d. 1929)
  • 1874 Konstantin Päts, Estonian PM (1921-23, 1932-33), dictator (1933-40)
  • 1875 Jozef E Stokvis, journalist/Dutch MP (SDAP)
  • 1876 Agnes M Royden, writer
  • 1878 Kazimir Malevich, Ukrainian painter and art theorist (d. 1935)
  • 1879 Agnes Arber, English biologist/philosopher (Mind & the Eye)
  • 1879 Norman Lindsay, Creswick Victoria, artist/novelist
  • 1881 Titus [Anno S] Brandsma, Dutch philosopher
  • 1883 Karl Jaspers, Oldenburg Germany, existentialist philosopher
  • 1884 Herman Courtens, Belgian painter
  • 1886 Ventura Garcia Calderon, Peruvian diplomat/author
  • 1889 Frederik M baron of Asbeck, Dutch lawyer (League of Nations)
  • 1898 Reinhard Herbig, German archaeologist
  • 1899 Erich Kästner, German writer (d. 1974)
  • 1901 Aartje W "Mien" van It Sant-van Bommel, author (Mieke-serial)
  • 1901 Edgar Ende, German painter (d. 1965)
  • 1903 Grigori V Aleksandrov, Russian director (Veselye Rebjata)
  • 1904 Leopold Trepper, Polish/Israeli spy/founded (CP Palestina)
  • 1904 William L Shirer, historian (Rise & Fall of 3rd Reich)
  • 1907 Anthony Standerwick Heal, businessman
  • 1908 William McMahon, PM of Australia (Liberal) (1971-72)
  • 1911 G. Mennen Williams, Michigan Supreme Court Justice/(Gov-D-Mich, 1949-60), born in Detroit, Michigan
  • 1911 Walter Ernest Allen, writer/critic
  • 1913 Edward Fiennes-Clinton, Australian-born 18th Earl of Lincoln, born in Melbourne, Victoria
  • 1914 Margaret Farrer, CEO (Central Midwives Board)
  • 1915 Heinrich Schirmbeck, German author (Das Spiegellabyrinth)
  • 1915 Paul Tibbets, US Air Force retired Brigadier General and Pilot of B-29 "Enola Gay" over Hiroshima (d. 2007)
  • 1916 William Walsh, academic
  • 1918 Dom Aelred Watkin, headmaster (Downside School)
  • 1918 Richard G. Butler, American fascist (d. 2004)
  • 1919 Derek Ezra [Baron Ezra], British politician and Liberal Democrat Life Peer
  • 1920 David Wright, South African-British poet (Deafness: A Personal Account), born in Johannesburg, South Africa (d. 1994)
  • 1920 John St Aubyn, 4th Baron St Levan, English peer (St Michael's Mount), born in London (d. 2013)
  • 1920 Paul Gérin-Lajoie, French Canadian politician
  • 1923 Gery Florizoone, Flemish poet
  • 1923 Rafael Addiego Bruno, Uruguayan politician
  • 1925 Louis Stokes, politician (Rep-D-OH, 1969-99 ), born in Cleveland Ohio (d. 2015)
  • 1928 David Somerset, 11th Duke of Beaufort, British peer
  • 1928 Vasily Grigoryevich Lazarev, Siberia USSR, cosmonaut (Soyuz 12, 18A)
  • 1930 Jef Geeraerts, Flemish writer (Black Venus)
  • 1931 Tom Wesselmann, American collage artist and sculptor (Great American Nudes) (d. 2004)
  • 1933 Donna J. Stone, American poet (Wielder of Words), born in Ohio (d. 1994)
  • 1937 David Ward, president (Law Society)
  • 1937 Lord Tugendhat, British politician (Conservative party)
  • 1939 Edmund Boyd Fisher, publisher
  • 1940 Jermyn P Brooks, CEO (Price Waterhouse Europe)
  • 1941 Frank Gerstenberg, Edinburgh, principal (George Watson's College)
  • 1942 Beau Boulter, (Rep-R-TX, 1985- )
  • 1942 Colin Sanders, founder (Solid State Logic)
  • 1942 John Lewis, Head Master (Eton College)
  • 1944 James Cousins, British MP
  • 1944 Bernard Cornwell, English historical novelist
  • 1944 John Sandford, American novelist
  • 1945 Frank Murray, police Officer
  • 1947 Anton Mosimann, Swiss chef (Dorchester Hotel), born in Solothurn, Swiss Jura
  • 1947 Colin Sanders, British computer engineer (Solid State Logic)
  • 1947 John McWethy, American journalist (d. 2008)
  • 1947 Pia Kjærsgaard, Danish politician
  • 1948 Bill Alexander, theatre director
  • 1948 Doug Moench, American comic book writer

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1949 Marc Garneau, Canadian astronaut (STS 13, 77), born in Quebec City, Québec

Astronaut Marc Garneau
Astronaut
Marc Garneau
  • 1949 Maureen Hicks, British MP
  • 1950 Neil Jordan, Sligo Ireland, novelist (Dream of a Beast, Past)
  • 1951 Nicholas Kenyon, controller (BBC Radio 3)
  • 1953 Sallie L Baliunas, astrophysicist
  • 1954 Viktor Yushchenko, President of Ukraine
  • 1958 David Sylvian, vocal/guitar (Sylvian Sylvian, Japan-Adolescent Sex)
  • 1960 Gloria von Thurm un Taxis, Munich German FR, Princess
  • 1960 Maria Gloria von Schoenberg-Glauchau, wife of prince Thurn un Taxis
  • 1960 Naruhito, crown prince of Japan
  • 1960 Alan Griffin, Australian politician
  • 1963 Debbie Kruck, Danbury CT, Ms Fitness USA (1994)
  • 1963 Reza Abdoh, theatre director

Weddings in History


HeartWedding of Interest

1974 US Governor Jeb Bush (21) weds philantropist Columba Bush (20) in Austin, Texas

US Governor Jeb Bush
US Governor
Jeb Bush

Deaths in History

  • 155 Polycarp, disciple of Apostle John, arrested & burned at stake
  • 943 Herbert II, Count of Vermandois, (b. 884)
  • 1011 Willigis, Archbishop of Mainz
  • 1100 Emperor Zhezong of China (b. 1076)
  • 1447 Eugene IV, [Gabriele Condulmer], Italian Pope (1431-47), dies
  • 1447 Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester (b. 1390)
  • 1464 Zhengtong, Emperor of China (b. 1427)
  • 1468 John Gutenberg, German inventor (boekdrukkunst), dies
  • 1507 Gentile Bellini, Venetian painter (Sultan Mohammed II), dies at about 78 (burial date)
  • 1526 Diego Colón, Spanish Viceroy of the Indies
  • 1554 Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk, Lady Jane Grey's father, executed
  • 1603 Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher, physician, and botanist (b. 1519)
  • 1607 Herman Herbertsz, vicar, dies at about 60
  • 1669 Lieuwe van Aitzema, Frisian historian, dies at 68
  • 1682 Abraham de Wicquefort, Dutch diplomat/historian, dies at 75
  • 1718 Francois Fagel, Dutch field marshal/mayor of Nimegen, dies at 63
  • 1766 Stanislaw Leszcynski, duke of Lutherans/king of Poland, dies
  • 1781 George Taylor, American signer of the Declaration of Independence (bc. 1716)
  • 1792 Joshua Reynolds, English portrait painter (Simplicity), dies at 68
  • 1800 Joseph Warton, English literary critic (b. 1722)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1821 John Keats, Romantic poet, dies of tuberculosis at 25 in Rome

Romantic Poet John Keats
Romantic Poet
John Keats
  • 1821 Marie-Anne Collot, French sculptor, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1848 John Quincy Adams, 6th US President (1825-1829), dies of a stroke at 80

6th US President John Quincy Adams
6th US President
John Quincy Adams

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1855 Carl Friedrich Gauss, mathematician, dies

Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist Carl Friedrich Gauss
Mathematician, Astronomer, and Physicist
Carl Friedrich Gauss
  • 1859 Zygmunt Krasiński, Polish Romantic poet (b. 1812)
  • 1879 Albrecht Graf von Roon, Prime Minister of Prussia (b. 1803)
  • 1884 Tambo Tambo, Australian aboriginal/US circus attaction, dies at 23
  • 1900 William Butterfield, architect of the Gothic revival, dies
  • 1902 Samuel R Gardiner, British historian (Oliver Cromwell), dies at 72
  • 1906 Johann Hoch, US murderer, executed
  • 1908 Johannes Friedrich August von Esmarch, German surgeon (b. 1823)
  • 1915 Robert Smalls, Reconstruction congressman, dies at 75 in SC
  • 1922 Albert Victor Bäcklund, Swedish physicist (b. 1845)
  • 1934 Augusto Sandino, Nicaraguan patriot, assassinated by National Guard
  • 1935 Jan Duiker, Dutch architect (Hotel Gooiland), dies at 44
  • 1942 Stefan Zweig, Austrian writer (Die Welt von Gestern), dies at 60
  • 1944 Leo Hendrick Baekeland, inventor (Bakelite), dies
  • 1945 Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet/writer (Pjotr Peroyj), dies at 62
  • 1945 Aubrey Cousins, Canadian sergeant (Victoria Cross), dies in battle
  • 1946 Tomoyuki Yamashita, Japanese general (hanged) (b. 1885)
  • 1948 John Robert Gregg, Irish-born publisher and inventor (b. 1866)
  • 1955 Paul Claudel, French poet/playwright (L'otage), dies at 86
  • 1957 John Friend Mahoney, American physician who pioneered the treatment of syphilis with penicillin, dies at 67
  • 1968 Fannie Hurst, US author (Anatomy of Me), dies at 78
  • 1971 King Lockwood, dies of stroke at 73
  • 1973 Dickinson W. Richards, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1895)
  • 1976 L S Lowry, painter, dies
  • 1976 LS Lowry, English artist dies (b. 1887)
  • 1979 W.A.C. Bennett, Canadian politician (b. 1900)
  • 1980 Robert Vandekerckhove, Belgian politician, dies at 62
  • 1990 Annelien Kappeyne van de Coppello, Dutch MP (Liberal), dies at 53
  • 1990 James Gavin, commandant US 82nd Airborn Div (Normandy), dies at 82
  • 1990 Jose Napoleon Duarte, president of Salvador (1984-89), dies at 62
  • 1992 Markos Vafiades, leader (ELAS, 1943-49), dies
  • 1994 Stuart Berger, doctor (Immune Power Diet), dies from obesity at 40
  • 1995 Art Kane, photographer, dies at 69

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1995 James Herriot [Alfred Wight], Scottish author (All Creatures Great & Small), dies at 78

Novelist James Herriot
Novelist
James Herriot
  • 1995 Norman Hunter, English children's writer (Professor Branestawm), dies at 95
  • 1995 Peter Guy Wykeham Fighter Pilot-Barnes, dies at 79
  • 1996 Joseph Walker Barr, banker/politician, dies at 78
  • 1997 Oscar Lewenstein, impressario, dies at 80
  • 1999 Carlos Hathcock, USMC Sniper, 93 Confirmed Kills (b. 1942)
  • 2000 Albrecht Goes, German writer and theologian, dies at 91
  • 2003 Robert K. Merton, American sociologist (b. 1910)
  • 2004 Sikander Bakht, Governor of Kerala (b. 1918)
  • 2008 Janez Drnovšek, Slovenian prime minister and president (b. 1950)
  • 2008 Douglas Fraser, Scottish pilot, first to land at Newfoundland Airport on January 11, 1938 (b. 1916)
  • 2012 Bruce Surtees, American cinematographer, dies at 74