On This Day in History for February 24

Events in History

Events 1 - 100 of 153


Event of interestEvent of Interest

303 1st official Roman edict for persecution of Christians issued by Emperor Diocletian

Roman Emperor Diocletian
Roman Emperor
Diocletian

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1208 St Francis of Assisi, 26, received his vocation in Portiuncula Italy

Catholic Friar and Preacher, Saint Francis of Assisi
Catholic Friar and Preacher, Saint
Francis of Assisi
  • 1296 Pope Boniface VIII degree Clericis Iaicos
  • 1387 King Charles III of Naples and Hungary is assassinated at Buda.
  • 1389 Battle at Falköping: Danes defeat King Albert of Sweden
  • 1496 England's Henry VII ends commercial dispute with Flanders

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1510 Pope Julius II excommunicates the republic of Venice

The Warrior Pope Julius II
The Warrior Pope
Julius II

Victory in battleVictory in Battle

1525 Battle of Pavia: Holy Roman Emperor Charles V's troops beat the French. French King Francois I captured, 15,000 killed/wounded

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1527 Ferdinand of Austria crowned as king of Bohemia

AgreementTreaty of Interest

1528 János Szapolyai, disputed king of Hungary, and Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent sign treaty

Ottoman Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent
Ottoman Sultan
Suleiman the Magnificent
  • 1530 1st imperial coronation by a Pope, Charles V crowned by Clement V
  • 1538 Treaty of Nagyvarad/Peace of Grosswardein signed between Ferdinand I of Austria and John Zápolya of Hungary.
  • 1541 Santiago, Chile founded by Pedro de Valvidia (or 2/12)
  • 1552 Privileges of Hanseatic League in England are abrogated
  • 1582 Pope Gregory XIII announces New Style (Gregorian) calendar
  • 1597 Flemish painter Frederick of Valckenborch becomes porter of Frankfurt-on-Main
  • 1708 Prince Johan Willem Friso sworn in as viceroy of Groningen
  • 1739 Battle of Karnal: Army of Iranian ruler Nadir Shah defeats the forces of the Mughal emperor of India, Muhammad Shah
  • 1779 George Rogers Clark captures Vincennes (Ind) from British
  • 1786 Charles Cornwallis appointed governor-general of India
  • 1793 French troops conquer Breda
  • 1803 US Supreme Court 1st rules a law unconstitutional (Marbury v Madison)
  • 1804 London's Drury Lane Theatre burns to the ground, leaving owner Richard Brinsley Sheridan destitute.
  • 1807 17 die & 15 wounded in a crush to witness execution of Holloway, Heggerty & Elizabeth Godfrey in England

AgreementAgreement of Interest

1821 Agustín de Iturbide and Vicente Guerrero agree to the Plan of Iguala, stating that Mexico will become a constitutional monarchy, Roman Catholicism the official religion and that Peninsulares and Creoles will enjoy equal political and social rights

1st Emperor of Mexico Agustín de Iturbide
1st Emperor of Mexico
Agustín de Iturbide
Revolutionary General and President of Mexico Vicente Guerrero
Revolutionary General and President of Mexico
Vicente Guerrero
  • 1826 The signing of the Treaty of Yandaboo marks the end of the First Burmese War.
  • 1835 Siwinowe Kesibwi (Shawnee Sun) is 1st Indian language monthly magazine
  • 1839 Steam shovel patented by William Otis, Philadelphia
  • 1848 King Louis-Philippe abdicates, 2nd French republic declared
  • 1855 US Court of Claims forms for cases against government
  • 1857 1st perforated US postage stamps delivered to government
  • 1857 LA Vineyard Society organized
  • 1863 Arizona Territory created
  • 1863 Forrest's raid on Brentwood, Tennessee
  • 1864 -Feb 25] Battle of Tunnel Hill, GA (Buzzard's Roost)
  • 1868 1st US parade with floats (Mardi Gras-Mobile, Alabama)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1868 US House of Representatives vote 126 to 47 to impeach President Andrew Johnson

17th US President Andrew Johnson
17th US President
Andrew Johnson
  • 1875 The SS Gothenburg hits the Great Barrier Reef and sinks off the Australian east coast, killing approximately 100, including a number of high profile civil servants and dignitaries.
  • 1876 Henrik Ibsen's "Peer Gynt" premieres in Oslo
  • 1881 De Lesseps' Company begins work on Panama Canal
  • 1881 China and Russia sign the Sino-Russian Ili Treaty.
  • 1888 Louisville, Ky, becomes 1st government in US to adopt Australian ballot (i.e. secret ballot on standard voting forms)
  • 1891 French troops under capt Archinard occupy Diena West Sudan
  • 1893 The American University is chartered by an act of the Congress of the United States of America.
  • 1894 Nicaragua captures Tegucigalpa, Honduras (National Day, sort of)
  • 1895 Cuban war for independence begins
  • 1896 Victoria all out for 43 vs South Australia, Jones 6-15, Jarvis 4-27
  • 1899 Western Washington University is established.
  • 1902 Battle at Yzer Spruit: Boer general De la Rey beats British
  • 1905 Simplon tunnel in Switzerland completed
  • 1906 Tomas Estrada Palma defeats Jose Gomez in the election for president of Cuba, but Gomez and his followers refuse to accept results and sponsor an uprising
  • 1908 In 'Muller v Oregon', the US Supreme Court favors an Oregon law limiting maximum hours a woman may work and denies that it curtails 'liberty of contract'
  • 1909 The Hudson Motor Car Company is founded.
  • 1911 Japan and the US conclude a treaty that continues restrictions on Japanese laborers
  • 1914 Frank Craven's "Too Many Cooks" premieres in NYC
  • 1917 German plan to get Mexican help in WW I exposed (Zimmerman telegram)
  • 1918 Estonia declares independence from Russia
  • 1920 NSDAP begins at Hofbrauhaus Munich
  • 1920 Peace treaty gives Estonia independence
  • 1921 1st transcontinental flight in 24 hrs flying time arrives Florida
  • 1923 Flying Scotsman goes into service
  • 1923 Mass arrests in US of mafia
  • 1924 Greek parliament proclaims republic
  • 1924 Johnny Weissmuller, swims 100m record (57 2/5 secs)

Event of interestEvent of Interest

1924 Mahatma Gandhi released from jail

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • 1925 Thermite explosive 1st used to break up ice jam, Waddington, NY
  • 1927 John Golden Theater (Theatre Masque) opens at 252 W 45th St NYC
  • 1932 Malcolm Campbell drives record speed (253.96 mph) at Daytona
  • 1933 Final demonstration of German communist party in Berlin
  • 1933 League of Nations tells Japanese to pull out of Manchuria
  • 1937 1st US group hospital-medical cooperative authorized, Wash, DC
  • 1938 Du Pont begins commercial production of nylon toothbrush bristles
  • 1940 Frances Langford records "When You Wish Upon a Star"
  • 1941 43 Geuzen resistance fighter trial opens in the Hague
  • 1941 Anti-Nazi meeting at Noordermarkt Amsterdam
  • 1942 Voice of America begins broadcasting (in German)
  • 1942 The "Battle of Los Angeles" takes place, lasting until the next day.
  • 1943 Major General Omar Bradley flies to Algiers
  • 1943 Texas League announces it will quit for the duration of WW II

BattleCoup d'état

1944 Minister of war Juan Perón leads a coup in Argentina

General and President of Argentina Juan Perón
General and President of Argentina
Juan Perón
  • 1945 Egypt & Syria declare war on nazi-Germany
  • 1945 Manila freed from Japanese
  • 1945 Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha is killed in Parliament after reading a decree.
  • 1946 General Juan Perón first elected President of Argentina
  • 1948 Communist Party seizes complete control of Czechoslovakia
  • 1949 Israel & Egypt sign an armistice agreement
  • 1949 V-2/WAC-Corporal rocket 1st object to reach 5x the speed of sound at White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico
  • 1950 Labour wins UK parliamentary election by 5 seats
  • 1951 Ice Pairs Championship at Milan won by Ria Baran & Paul Falk of GER
  • 1951 Ladies' Figure Skating Champion in Milan won by Jeanette Altwegg of Great Britain
  • 1951 Men's Figure Skating Championship in Milan won by Richard Button USA
  • 1955 Pact of Baghdad signed between Iraq & Turkey
  • 1960 Italian government of Segni falls
  • 1960 2nd Daytona 500: Junior Johnson wins (124.74 MPH)
  • 1961 Explorer (10) fails to reach Earth orbit
  • 1962 General mobilization in Indonesia over New-Guinea
  • 1962 US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
  • 1963 5th Daytona 500: Tiny Lund wins (151.566 MPH)
  • 1965 East German president Ulbricht visits Egypt

BattleCoup d'état

1966 Coup ousts Pres Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana

First President of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah
First President of Ghana
Kwame Nkrumah

Birthdays in History

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 106

  • 1103 Emperor Toba of Japan (d. 1156)
  • 1304 Muhammad ibn Battutah, Arab travel writer (Travels in Asia & Africa)
  • 1463 Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italy, scholar/platonist

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1500 Charles V, King of Spain (1516-56) and Holy Roman Emperor (1519-56), born in Ghent, Flanders, Habsburg Netherlands (d. 1558)

Holy Roman Emperor Charles V
Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V
  • 1501 Sixt(us) Birck [Xystus Betulius], German writer (Suzanna)
  • 1536 Clement VIII, [Ippolito Aldofireini], Fano Italy, Pope (1592-1605)
  • 1545 Don John of Austria, Spanish military leader (d. 1578)
  • 1547 Jan of Austria, Spanish military man/land guardian of the Netherland
  • 1557 Matthias, Holy Roman emperor (1612-19), born in Vienna, Austria
  • 1595 Matthias C Sarbiewski, [Sarbievius], Polish jesuit/poet
  • 1597 Vincent Voiture, French poet (d. 1648)
  • 1619 Charles Le Brun, French artist (d. 1690)
  • 1622 Johannes Clauberg, German theologian and philosopher (d. 1665)
  • 1684 Catherine I, Empress of Russia 1725-27, Dorpat, Estonia
  • 1684 Matthias Braun, Czech sculptor (d. 1738)
  • 1697 Bernard S Albinus, [Weiss], German surgeon/anatomist
  • 1709 Jacques de Vaucanson, French inventor (d. 1782)
  • 1721 John McKinly, Ulster Ireland, American physician
  • 1723 John Burgoyne, British general (d. 1792)
  • 1774 Prince Adolphus, 1st Duke of Cambridge (d. 1850)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1786 Wilhelm Karl Grimm, German story teller (Grimm's Fairy Tales), born in Hanau, Hesse-Cassel, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1859)

  • 1786 Martin W. Bates. U.S. Senator from Delaware (d. 1869)
  • 1809 Edwin H K Freiherr von Manteuffel, governor/viceroy (Elzas-Lutherian)
  • 1811 Daniel A Payne, Bishop/reformer/educator of AME Church
  • 1811 Edward Dickinson Baker, Major General (Union volunteers), (d. 1861)
  • 1824 John Crawford Vaughn, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1875)
  • 1827 Charles Davis Jameson, Brigadier General (Union volunteers), (d. 1862)
  • 1831 Georg Leo earl von Caprivi, German chancellor/premier of Prussia
  • 1833 Eduard earl von Taaffe, Austrian premier (1868..93)
  • 1836 Winslow Homer, US, painter (Gulfstream)
  • 1837 Rosalía de Castro, Santiago de Compostela Galician writer and poet ('Séculos Escuros') (d. 1885)
  • 1838 Thomas Benton Smith, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1923)
  • 1848 C Grant B Allen, Canadian writer (Woman Who Did)
  • 1848 Andrew Inglis Clark, Tasmanian politician (d. 1907)
  • 1852 George A Moore, Ireland, painter/novelist (Esther Waters)
  • 1854 Franz Courtens, Flemish painter (Golden Rain)
  • 1860 Daniel Berkeley Updike, printer/publisher/writer (Printing Types)
  • 1866 Arthur Pearson, Wookey Somerset England, newspaper proprietor
  • 1866 Pyotr Nikolaevich Lebedev, Russian physicist (d. 1912)
  • 1877 Ettie Rout, New Zealand activist (d. 1936)
  • 1879 Herman Teirlinck, Belgian writer (Sun)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1885 Chester Nimitz, American admiral who commanded the US Pacific fleet in World War II, born in Fredericksburg, Texas (d. 1966)

US Admiral Chester Nimitz
US Admiral
Chester Nimitz
  • 1885 Joseph Sprinzak, Speaker of Israeli Knesset (1949-59)
  • 1885 Juliusz Kaden-Bandrowski, Polish novelist/satirist (Black Wings)
  • 1885 Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz, Polish writer and painter (d. 1939)
  • 1887 Mary Ellen Chase, US linguistic/author (White Gate)
  • 1896 Richard Thorpe, American director (Jailhouse Rock), born in Hutchinson, Kansas (d. 1991)
  • 1898 Kurt Tank, German WW II aircraft designer
  • 1899 Jacob Presser, Dutch historian/writer (Down-fall)
  • 1905 Eric Boyland, English biochemist (Cancer research), born in Manchester (d. 2002)
  • 1906 Alexis Curvers, Belgian author (Tempo di Roma, Bourg-le-Rond)
  • 1909 August William Derleth, Sauk City Wisc, writer (Judge Peck Mysteries)
  • 1909 Max Black, Dutch/British/US philosopher (analytical philosophy)
  • 1909 Michael Francis Morris Lindsay, orientalist
  • 1913 Richard Murphey Goodwin, economist
  • 1914 David Langdon, cartoonist/illustrator
  • 1914 Ralph Erskine, British architect (Byker Wall) (d. 2005)
  • 1915 Charles Henry "Harry" Urwin, trade unionist
  • 1916 Gene Mitchell, museum director
  • 1917 William Fairbank, physicist (superconductivity), born in Minneapolis, Minnesota
  • 1919 Alan Hugh Iliffe, psychologist
  • 1919 Earl Kitchener of Khartoum
  • 1920 Frank Rogers, CEO (NPA Telegraph)
  • 1921 Ludvig Aschkenazy, writer
  • 1922 Richard Hamilton, painter
  • 1924 Lionel Dakers, director (Royal School of Church Music)
  • 1924 William Pillar, British admiral
  • 1926 Reginald Freeson, British MP
  • 1927 David Mourao-Ferreira, poet/politician
  • 1928 Michael Harrington, socialist/author (Fragments of Century), born in St. Louis, Missouri
  • 1929 David Houston, Major-General/Lord Lieutenant of Sutherland
  • 1931 Inge Bernstein, British judge
  • 1931 Lev Vasilyevich Vorobyov, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1931 Maezumi Hakuyu Taizan Koun, teacher Rinzai/Soto lines of Zen Buddhism
  • 1931 Marta Marzotto, Italian countess and designer, born in Reggio Emilia (d. 2016)
  • 1932 Andrew Jacobs Jr, (Rep-D-IN, 1965-73, 75- )
  • 1932 Everard Goodman, English real estate developer (TOPS Estates)
  • 1933 Judah Folkman, American cancer researcher
  • 1934 Bettino Craxi, Italy's 1st socialist premier (1983-87)
  • 1934 Bingu wa Mutharika, Thyolo, Nyasaland (Malawi), Malawi President (2004-2012), (d. 2012)
  • 1937 Jerry Wiggin, British MP
  • 1938 Kathleen Richardson, president (Methodist Conference)
  • 1939 George Bain, principal (London Business School)
  • 1940 Theo Bosch, Dutch humanist/architect (Nieuwmarkt, Amsterdam)
  • 1942 David K Williamson, Australian screenplay/playwright (Removalists)
  • 1942 Joe Lieberman, (Sen-D Connecticut)
  • 1942 Stuart Henry, British disc jockey
  • 1943 Hristo Prodanov, Bulgarian mountaineer
  • 1943 Terry Semel, American business executive
  • 1946 Anthony Mayer, chief executive (Housing Corporation)
  • 1946 Michael Radford, director (1984, White Mischief)
  • 1946 Grigory Margulis, Russian mathematician
  • 1948 Peter Mond, 4th Baron Melchett
  • 1948 J. Jayalalithaa, Indian politician
  • 1950 G J M Gazdar, computational linguist
  • 1954 Constantine Phipps, 5th Marquess of Normanby

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1955 Steve Jobs, American computer entrepreneur and co-founder of Apple (d. 2011), born in San Francisco, California

Apple Co-founder Steve Jobs
Apple Co-founder
Steve Jobs
  • 1956 Judith Butler, American philosopher
  • 1965 Jane Swift, former acting Governor of Massachusetts
  • 1970 Kienast quintuplets, American quintuplets

Weddings in History

  • 1613 English princess Elizabeth marries Earl Frederik of Palts

HeartWedding of Interest

1662 English Poet and author of "Paradise Lost" John Milton marries 3rd wife Elizabeth Mynshull, 31 years his junior.

HeartWedding of Interest

1886 Inventor Thomas Edison (38) marries 2nd wife Mina Miller (20) in Akron, Ohio

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison

HeartWedding of Interest

1934 High-ranking member of British intelligence Kim Philby (22) weds communist Litzi Friedmann in Vienna, Austria


Deaths in History

  • 616 King Ethelbert of Kent, 1st English king to convert to Christianity
  • 1525 Guillaume Gouffier, seigneur de Bonnivet, French soldier
  • 1563 Francois Guise, French general/duke, assassinated at 44
  • 1588 Johann Weyer, Dutch physician and occultist
  • 1685 Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Carlisle, English politician and military leader (b. 1629)
  • 1686 Ferdinando Tacca, Italian painter/son of Pietro Tacca, dies at 66
  • 1714 Edmund Andros, English governor in North America (b. 1637)
  • 1721 John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby, English statesman and poet (b. 1648)
  • 1732 Colonel Francis Charteris, known as "The Rape-Master General". (b. 1675)
  • 1777 King Joseph I of Portugal (b. 1714)
  • 1779 Paul Daniel Longolius, German encylopedist (b. 1704)
  • 1781 Edward Capell, English critic (b. 1713)
  • 1785 Carlo Bonaparte, Corsican attorney, dies at 39
  • 1799 Broerius Brorius, theologist (Pensive Christian), dies at about 41
  • 1799 Georg C Lichtenberg, German physicist/writer, dies at 56
  • 1806 John Nieuwenhuijzen, theologist (Society for General Use), dies at 81
  • 1810 Henry Cavendish, British physicist and chemist (discovery of hydrogen), dies at 78
  • 1812 Hugo Kollataj, Polish teacher/minister, dies at 61
  • 1812 Etienne-Louis Malus, French physicist and mathematician (b. 1775)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1815 Robert Fulton, American inventor and engineer (1st commercial steamboat), dies at 49

Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton
Commercial Steamboat Inventor
Robert Fulton
  • 1825 Thomas Bowdler, self-appointed Shakespearean censor, dies
  • 1829 Auguste Chouteau, St Louis co-founder, dies
  • 1862 Bernard S Ingemann, Danish author (Holger Danske), dies at 72
  • 1865 Edmund John Armstrong, Irish poet, dies at 23
  • 1876 Jan Pieter Heije, Dutch physician/writer/poet, dies at 67
  • 1876 Joseph Jenkins Roberts, first President of Liberia (b. 1809)
  • 1914 Joshua Chamberlain, Civil War hero for the Union on Little Round Top at the Battle of Gettysburg
  • 1924 Edmond Picard, Fren/Belgium writer (Ambidextre journalist), dies at 87
  • 1925 Hjalmar Branting, Prime Minister of Sweden, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1860)
  • 1930 Jacobus van Looy, Dutch writer/painter (Night Cactus), dies at 74
  • 1941 Oskar Loerke, German director (Longest Day-1926), dies at 56
  • 1944 Leo H A Baekeland, Belgian/US chemist (bakeliet), dies at 80
  • 1945 Ahmed Maher Pasha, Egypt's PM, assassinated in parliament
  • 1953 Karl R G von Rundstedt, Germ gen-field marshal (Ardennes), dies at 77
  • 1958 Fernand Baldensperger [Fernand Baldenne], French poet, dies at 86
  • 1964 Alexander Archipenko, Ukr sculptor/water colors painter, dies at 76
  • 1975 Nikolai A Bulganin, marshal/premier of USSR (1955-58), dies at 79
  • 1984 Uwe Johnson, writer, dies at 59
  • 1984 Helmut Schelsky, German sociologist (b. 1912)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1986 Tommy Douglas, Canadian politician and "Father of Medicare", dies of cancer at 81

Father of Medicare Tommy Douglas
Father of Medicare
Tommy Douglas
  • 1987 Jim Connors, American Legendary Radio personality, dies in a car crash at 46
  • 1988 Irwan Chanin, US theater builder, dies at 96

Person of interestPerson of Interest

1990 Malcolm Forbes, American publisher of Forbes Magazine, dies of a heart attack at 70

Publisher Malcolm Forbes
Publisher
Malcolm Forbes
  • 1990 Sandro Pertini, president of Italy (1978, 85), dies at 93
  • 1991 Marcella Markham, dies of breast cancer at 68
  • 1992 Kay Loring, dies after long illness
  • 1994 Knut Anders Haukfield, SOE Operative, dies at 83
  • 1994 Lores Bonney, Australian aviator, 1st female solo flight Australia to UK, dies at 96
  • 1996 Anna Larina, revolutionary, dies at 82
  • 1996 Gene Mitchell, museum director, dies on 70th birthday
  • 1996 James Runcieman Sutherland, academic, dies at 95
  • 1998 Antonio Prohias, Cuban-born cartoonist (b. 1921)
  • 1999 Andre Dubus, American writer (b. 1936)
  • 1999 Frank Leslie Walcott, Barbadian labour leader (b. 1916)
  • 2001 Claude E. Shannon, American information theorist (b. 1916)
  • 2003 John Edward Christopher Hill, English historian (b. 1912)
  • 2003 Bernard Loiseau, French chef (b. 1951)
  • 2006 Octavia Butler, American author and MacArthur Foundation Fellow (b. 1947)
  • 2006 Denis Twitchett, Cambridge scholar, and Chinese historian (b. 1925)
  • 2011 Anant Pai, Indian educationalist and creator of comics (b. 1929)
  • 2012 Jan Berenstain, American author dies from a stroke at 88
  • 2012 Kenneth Price, American ceramic artist and print maker, dies from cancer at 77
  • 2012 Benedict Freedman, American novelist and mathematician, dies at 92